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Патент USA US3077933

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Feb. 19, 1963
3,077,923
R. c. HATCHER
ORNAMENTAL PANEL. ASSEMBLY FOR FIREPLACE
Filed Feb. 23
2J.
1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
ul i/.
I
INVENTholL
ROBEQTCIHQTCHEA?
BY
ATTQRNEY
Feb. 19, 1963
R. c. HATCHER
3,077,923
ORNAMENTAL PANEL ASSEMBLY FOR FIREPLACE
Filed Feb. 23, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
INVENTOR.
ROBERTCÍHQTCHER
ATTO‘RN EY
Uited States Patent Otitice
1
3,077,923
GRNAMENTAL PANEL ASSEMBLY FÜR
FIREPLACE
Robert S. Hatcher, 1864 Windsor Road,
San Marino, Calif.
Filed Feb. 23, i960, Ser. No. 10,167
19 Claims. (Cl. 160-38)
3,@77ß23
Patented Feb. 19, 1953
2
assembly may then be placed in the desired position with
the support arms of the panel assembly extending through
the two self-supported toggle jaw assemblies and ñnally
the screws of the two toggle jaw assemblies may be tight
ened to create positive gripping and clamping pressure
for permanent effective support of the panel assembly and
the metal lire screen or curtain `carried thereby.
A still
mental panel assembly to span a wall opening together
with means for holding the ornamental panel assembly in
position. The invention has special utility for use in a
fireplace opening as an upper panel assembly to support
further feature is the concept of a toggle jaw assembly
that is made entirely of sheet metal stampings.
Another primary object of the invention is to provide
an ornamental panel assembly of this general type that
may be readily adjusted in length to iit into the width
of any given íireplace opening. This object is attained
a metal lire screen and also as a lower panel assembly to
serve as what is termed a lire bar. These particular uses
of the invention will be described herein for the purpose
by a basic combination of a central support panel, two
auxiliary end panels that are slidingly mounted on the
opposite ends of the support panel and an outer orna
This invention relates to the construction of an orna~
of disclosure and will adord adequate guidance for those
skilled in the art who may have occasion to apply the
same principles to other speciiic purposes.
One of the primary objects of the invention is to pro- ~
vide an upper panel assembly incorporating convenient
and e?licient means for engaging the fireplace wall struc
ture for permanent support of the upper panel assembly
and the fire curtain or screen carried thereby.
lt is old in the art to recess the fireplace wall structure
for this purpose but such recessing requires time and skill
with consequent additional cost. It is also old to provide
a plurality of pointed screws at the opposite ends of such
mental panel. The two auxiliary end panels overlie the
front of the support panel with a central gap between
the two, and the ornamental panel covers the gap between
the two auxiliary panels.
The ornamental panel may be of sufficient length to
extend over the full width of the iireplace opening to
cover and conceal not only the support panel but also
the two auxiliary end panels. ln such an arrangement,
the ornamental panel must be of correct length but it
may be made of thin, easily sheared sheet metal to
simplify installation.
ln another practice of the invention, the outer orna
an assembly to be tightened against opposite interior wall
mental panel is relatively short to leave substantial por
surfaces of the fireplace to hold the assembly in position. 30 tions of the two auxiliary end panels exposed to view.
Such a construction has the disadvantage or' being awk
Such a construction is freely adjustable in length to span
ward to install and has the further disadvantage of mak
the fireplace opening and eliminates the necessity of shear
ing less than reliable positive engagement with the wall
ing the ornamental panel to length.
structure. The pointed screws, moreover, are oíîset from
The basic combination of a support panel, two slidingly
the load imposed by the metal screen with the conse 35 mounted auxiliary end panels and an ornamental panel
quence that the weight of the iire screen or curtain exerts
greatly reduces inventory costs since only the support
a turning moment on the assembly.
panel need be produced in various lengths for iireplace
It is also old to provide an upper panel assembly that
openings of various widths. Thus with each of these
expands longitudinally against the opposite wall surfaces
basic combinations entendible in length by four inches,
of the fireplace opening, the panel assembly being stressed 40 the auxiliary panels may be stocked in lengths varying in
in longitudinal compression to stay in place. In such an
longitudinal dimension by four inches.
arrangement the wall structure is engaged close to the
One of the problems in such a construction is to pro
plane of the lire screen to reduce the turning moment im
posed by the weight of the lire screen but here again the
wall structure is not positively engaged for reliably sup
porting the iire screen.
vide means to suspend a pair of metal curtains from the
panel assembly and to provide manually operable means
to open and close the two iire curtains. The suspension
means must be capable of contraction and expansion
The present invention uses hanger means incorporating
jaws to grip the lintel at the top edge of the iireplace.
Exceedingly high gripping pressure is acheived by em
ploying pairs of toggle-type jaws and is further achieved
by fulcruming one of the toggle jaws of each pair for a
alone with the panel assembly in the installation of the
panel assembly in a fireplace opening. In a preferred em
bodiment of the invention this problem is solved by pro
viding a pair of curtain rods which overlap in length at
leverage advantage.
flanges on the two auxiliary end panels for ñxedly sup
porting the outer ends of »the two curtain rods, and by
ln the preferred practice of the
invention, two toggle jaw assemblies are provided and
two corresponding rigid support arms of the panel as~
sembly are clamped against the underside of the lintel by
the toggle jaw assemblies.
their inner ends, by providing rearwardly extending end
providing means on the rear face of the support channel
to support the overlapping inner ends of the curtain rods
in a sliding manner.
One feature of the preferred embodiment of the inven~
The various features and advantages of the invention
tion is that each toggle jaw assembly is operated by a
may be understood by reference to the fol-lowing detailed
single screw which thrusts upward against the correspond
description together with the accompanying drawings.
ing support arm of the panel assembly for the dual pur
In the drawings, which are to be regarded as merely
pose of tightening the grip of the toggle jaws on the 60 illustrative :
lintel and of clamping the support arm of the panel
FIG. 1 is a front elevational View showing a fireplace
assembly against the lintel. Another feature is the con~
opening equipped with an upper ornamental panel as
cept of shaping one of the toggle jaws for fulcrum engage
sembly to support a pair of lire screens and also equipped
ment with the corresponding support arm to achieve the
desired leverage advantage.
A further feature is the concept of incorporating spring
with a lower ornamental panel assembly to serve as a
lire bar;
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary rear perspective View of an
means in each of the toggle jaw assemblies to bias the
embodiment of the invention to serve as an upper orna
jaws towards their closed positions. The spring means
mental panel assembly for carrying a pair of fire screens;
make it possible to mount the two toggle jaw assemblies
FIG. 3 is an exploded view of the parts that comprise
initially on the underside of the lintel in a self-supporting 70 the basic ycombination in the panel assembly shown in
manner with the operating screws loose. The panel
FIG. 2;
4
3
ends of the ornamental panel 34a. With the ornamental
FIG. ¿l is a rear elevational view of a portion of the
facing panel 34a made of filigreed brass, the two auxiliary
panel assembly as seen along the line 4-4 of FIG. 2',
end panels 36 and 38 may be given a black finish for con
trast to produce a pleasing decorative effect.
FIG. 5 is a transverse section taken as indicated by
the line 5-5 of FIG. 2 and showing the construction of
a central bracket for supporting the inner ends of the
two curtain rods;
The support panel 35 may be a relatively rigid flat
plate or bar. Each of the two auxiliary end panels 36 and
’
3S may be made of thinner metal formed with an upper
FIG. 6 is a transverse cross section taken as indicated
longitudinal tlange 40 and a lower longitudinal flange 42
by the line 6-6 of FIG. 2 showing how a support arm
to embrace the support panel 3S in a sliding manner. The
how one of a pair of curtain rods is supported at its outer 10 auxiliary end panel 36 is formed with an integral angular
end flange 44 to support the outer end of a curtain rod
end;
45 and in like manner the second auxiliary end panel 38
FIG. 7 is a transverse section along the line 7--7 of
is formed with an integral angular end flange 46 to support
FIG. 4 showing the construction of a sheet metal mem
the outer end of a second curtain rod 4S. The manner
ber tor routing a chain that controls a pair of iiexi-ble ñre
in which the outer end of a curtain rod 45 or 4S is mounted
curtains;
Y
in an angular end ñange 44 or 46 may be seen in FIGS.
FIG. 8 is a fragmentary rear elevational view as seen
is incorporated in the panel assembly and also showing
4 and 6.
along the line äa-‘S of FIG. 2 showingî another sheet
metal member for routing' the tire curtain chain;
K
As shown in FIG', 6, the end iiange of the auxiliary
panel member is formed with a vertical keyhole slot 50
FIGURE 9 is a transverse section taken as indicated by
the line 9;-9 of FIG. 8 yto show the öonstrnctión of the 20 to receive the outer end of the curtain rod. The larger
portion of the slot is dimensioned to receive the end ot
same sheet metal member;
the curtain rod and the narrower portion of the keyhole
FIG. 10 is a perspective view of the central bracket
slot engages the curtain rod by a pair of kerfs or shallow
that supports the inner ends of the two curtain rods;
FIG. 11 is an end elevation of the installed panel as»
sembly showing how the panel assembly is supported by 25
toggle jaws that grip the lintel at the top of the fireplace
opening;
slots (not shown) in opposite sides of the curtain rod. '
The metal is lanc'ed to form tbe keyhole slot 50' and to
form a bent tongue 52 at the lower end of the keyhole
slot, The tongue 57.' is drilled and tapped to receive a
screw 54 which supports the end of the curtain rod and
which may be adjusted to raise or lower the end of »the
FIG. 12 is a perspective view showing the linte'l of the
fireplace with the adjacent wall structure omitted, the pur
pose of the View being to show how a toggle jaw assembly 30 curtain rod. This adjustability makes it possible to hang
the íire screen horizontally when the panel assembly is
grips the lintel in a self-supporting manner with the oper
positioned somewhat out of horizontal to conform `to a
ating screw of the toggle jaw assembly loose;
lintel that is out of horizontal.
FIG. 13 is an exploded view showing the parts of a
In the present embodiment of the invention, a small
toggle jaw assembly;
l
sheet metal clip 55 is apcrtured to receive the curtain rod
FIG. 14 is a front elevation of the installed panel as 35
and lies on one side of the end flange of the auxiliary panel
sembly with the fire curtains omitted;
member. A curved tongue 56 of the clip extends through
FIG. 15 is an exploded view of the parts of a second
the keyhole slot 50 to engage and retain an'end ring
S8 of the corresponding fire curtain.
embodiment of the invention that serves as a Íìre bar at
the bottom of a fireplace opening; and
FIG. 16 is a fragmentary rear elevation of the assem
bled tire bar as Viewed along the line 15-16 of FIG. 15.
FIG. 1 shows a rectangular ñreplace opening 2u in a
fireplace wall 22. One embodiment of the invention
shown in FIG. l is an upper ornamental panel assembly,
40
The inner ends of the two curtain rods 45 and 48 over
lap in length and are slidingly supported by a central
bracket 60 that is adjustably mounted on the rear face
of the support panelSS. In the construction shown, the
central bracket 60 which is made of sheet metal has a pair
of vertical slots 62 (FIG. 10) to receive a corresponding
generally designated 24, which lcarries a pair of ñexible 45 pair of screws 64 (FIG. 5) by means of which it is ad
linletype fire curtains 25 and 26 under the control of an
justably attached to Ithe support panel 35. The central
elongated tlexible member or control chain 23 having two
bracket 6G also has a tongue 65 that is apertured for
handles 3d on its two ends. A second embodiment of the
sliding support of the inner end of the curtain rod 45 and
invention is a lower ornamental panel assembly, generally
has a more rearward tongue 66 that is apertured for slid
designated 32, which serves as a fire bar across the lower 50 ing support of the inner end of the second curtain rod 48.
edge of the iireplace opening.
As shown in FIG. 10, each of the curtain rods may be
The upper ornamental panel assembly 24 shown in
formed with a dimple 68 at its extreme inner end to pre
FIG. 1 has an ornamental panel 34a which may, for ex
vent inadvertent complete withdrawal of the curtain rod
ample, be made of .thin sheet brass with a filigree pattern,
out of engagement with the central bracket 60.
which ornamental panel extends over the full length of
A feature of the selected embodiment of the inven
the panel assembly. Thus only the ornamental panel is
tion is the use of stationary arcuate guides instead of the
visible from the front.
usual pulley means to route the control chain 28 for
In some instances, a shorter ornamental panel may be
opening and closing the pair of fire curtains 25 and 26.
centrally positioned to leave end portions of the underly
As shown in FIGS. 4 and 7, a small sheet metal member
ing panel structure exposed to view. FIGS. 2, 3 and 14 60 7€) may be mounted facewise on the back of the support
show such an ornamental panel assembly, generally desig
panel 35 near one end thereof and offset rearwardly 4to
nated 24a, with a relatively short, centrally positioned
form a pair of grooves 72 and 74 which serve as guide
ornamental panel 34a. The construction of the upper
channels for theV control chain 2S. The guide channelsV
ornamental panel assembly 24a is shown in FIGS. 2 to
are of arcuate configuration for 90° changes in direction
65
13 and will now be described.
of the control chain.
The basic combination in the ornamental panel assem
In like manner, a second small sheet metal member
bly 24a, as best shown in FIG. 3, comprises a support
75 may be mounted on the support panel 35 near its other
panel 35, a pair of auxiliary end panels 36 and 38 that are
end. This second sheet metal member 75 is formed with a
slidingly mounted on the opposite ends of the support
single arcuate groove 7S which serves as a guide channel
panel, and the previously mentioned relatively short 70 for
a 180° change in direction of the control chain. This
ornamental panel 34a. The inner ends of the two auxiliary
arrangement
forms the control chain into two horizontal
end panels 36 and 38 are spaced apart with a gap there
runs
which
travel
in opposite directions and which are>
between and the central ornamental panel 34a covers this
gap. Thus, as may be seen in FIG. 14, the two auxiliary
connected to the two tire curtains 2S and 26 in la well.
end panels 36 and 33 are exposed to view at the opposite 75 known manner for opening and closing of the curtains.
8,077,923
5.
6
The previously mentioned ornamental panel 34a which
tively short arm for multiplied force Iagainst the lintel.
Preferably each of the toggle jaw assemblies includes
suitable spring means -to bias the two toggle jaws towards
their closed positions. For this purpose each toggle jaw
covers the central gap between the two auxiliary end
panels 36 and 38 may be formed with an upper longi
tudinal ñange 76 and a lower longitudinal flange 7S to
engage the upper and lower edges of the two auxiliary end
assembly may include an angular leaf spr-ing 115 as
show-n in FIG. 13. The leaf spring 115 has a central
aperture 116 to clear the thumb screw 92 and has two
tlexible ends to -be-ar against the webs $8 of the two toggle
panels 36 and 46. .Preferably the ornamental panel 34a
is relatively thin and flexible so that it may simply be
snapped into position. In the construction shown the
upper longitudinal ilange ‘76 of the ornamental panel 34a
jaws to urge the 4two toggle jaws towards their closed
positions. The «addition of »the leaf spring 115 makes it
mentioned central bracket 60 is formed with an upwardly 10 possible for each of the toggle jaw assemblies to grip a
extending tongue S2 to engage the notch 80 and to center
lintel in ya self-supporting manner without tightening of
the ornamental panel.
the thumb screw 92.
The basic combination comprising the support panel
The manner in which the described ornamental panel
3S, the two auxiliary end panels 36 and 3S, and the or
assembly 24a serves its purpose may be readily understood
15
namental panel 34a may be mounted along the upper edge
from the foregoing description. In preparation for yin
ot the fireplace opening 2G in any suitable manner. In
stall-ing the ornamental panel assembly, the two toggle jaw
the selected embodiment of the invention, the basic com
assemblies are engaged with the lintel 114 at spaced
bination is anchored tothe angle iron lintel of the fireplace
points to grip the lintel in ya self-supporting manner under~
by a pair of togole jaw assemblies in the manner shown
the force of the leaf springs 115. The assembled basic
in FIG. 11. For this purpose„the support panel 35 is 20 combination comprising the support panel 35, the two
provided with apairjof> spaced rigid support arms 84 as
auxiliary end panels 36 and 38 and the ornamental panel
is formed with a recess or notch Si) and the previously
shown in FIGS. 2, 3,'4, 6 and lll
'
34a is maneuvered -to insert the two support arms 84
Each of thev support arms 84S may comprise a metal
bar with an end ñange as shown and each of the support
through the two toggle jaw assemblies. Then each of
the two thumb screws 92 is ltightened to the position
arms may be mounted on the support panel 35 in a 25 shown in FIG. 11 to cause the `two toggle jaw assemblies
manner that permits both vertical 'and horizontal adjust
to grip ‘to the lintel with sutiicient force to support :the
imposed weight and to clamp the two sup-port arms 34
firmly against the underside of the lintel. The two
auxiliary end panels 36 and 38 may then be slidingly ex
ment. Such an arrangement makes it possible to install
the upper panel assembly 24a in >a horizontal position
even when the upper edge of the fireplace opening 20
is out of horizontal. The horizontal adjustability of the 30 tended to the ful-l width of the ñreplace opening Ztl, »the
support arms 84 makes it possible to avoid minor ob
‘two curtain rods 42 and 45 sliding in the two tongues
structions in -the masonry of the ñreplace.
65 md 66 of the central bracket 60 to follow the sliding
movement of the auxiliary panels.
As best shown in FIG. 4, each of the support arms 8'4
may be secured to the support panel 35 by a screw 85
If the panel assembly is not horizontal, either or bo-th
and a cooper-ating nut 36. The screw 85 extends through
of the supp-ort .arms 34 may be appropriately adjusted.
a horizontal slot S8 in the support panel 35' and through
if it is desirable to adjust Ithe two curtain rods ¿53 and
vertical slot 9d in »the end ñange of the support arm 84,
45 either to make the upper edges of the two tire curtains
the scre having a square sha-nk for engagement with
horizontal or to make the lower edges of the tire screens
the vertical slot in a nonrotatable manner. It is `apparent
conform to Ia bottom edge of a fireplace opening that >is
40
that loosening of the nut 36 permits the screw to be ad
slightly out of horizontal, it is a simple matter to adj-ust
justed horizontally along 'the slot S3 and also permits
one `or both of the screws 54 at the outer end of the
the support arm .to `be adjusted vertically relative to the
curtain rods and, if necessary, to adjust the central bracket
di) that supports the inner ends of the curtain rods.
The lower ornamental panel assembly 32 that serves as
screw.
As shown in FIG. 13, each of the two toggle jaw as
semblies `that cooperate with the ‘two support arms 84
respectively may comprise -a set of sheet metal stampings
together with .an operating thumb screw §11. Thus, a
a lire bar in PEG. 1 may be constructed in the manner
shown in FIGS. 15 and 16. Here again, the ornamental
panel assembly comprises the basic combination lof a
support panel 120, ya pair of «auxiliary end panels 122
toggle jaw assembly comp-rises a pair of channel-shaped
toggle jaws 94 and 95, and la ilat pivot member 96. Each
of the toggle jaws 9d and 95 is formed with a central
web 98 and two longitudinal side ñanges 10b. The pivot
and 124 that `are slidingly mounted on the ends of the
support panel, and an ornamental panel 125 which is
made of ñligreed brass, for example, and which extends
the full length of the fireplace opening to conceal the
remainder of the panel assembly.
The support panel 1210 may be a piece of rigid bar
member 96 which has a threaded bore 1112 to receive the
thumbpscrew 92 is formed with la pa-ir of t-runnions 1134.
The -two side flanges of the toggle jaw 94 form a pair
of hook elements ¿$5 to engage the trunnions 104 and
stock that is adapted in any suitable manner for engage
ment with the fireplace structure. In this instance a pair
of angular brackets 126 are mounted at opposite ends or”
the support panel and the angular brackets are provided
with thumb screws 12S to thrust against the opposite wall
also form .a pair of upwardly extending jaw ele-ments 1116
to engage the fireplace lintel.
ln like manner, the side
flanges of `the second toggle jaw 95 form hook elements
193 to ent-*age the trunnio-ns 194 and a -pair of upwardly
xtending jaw elements 11d :to engage »the fireplace lintel. 60 surfaces that define the fireplace opening Ztl. Each of
Each of the toggle jaw .assemblies stra-ddles Ithe corres
the two brackets 125 is formed with a longitudinal groove
pending support arm 84 from below .in the manner shown
in FIG. 1l and »a feature of this embodiment of the in
vention is that the two jaw elements 110 are formed with
13@ to receive a pair of screws 132 for longitudinal ad
justment of the bracket relative to the support panel.
Each of the auxiliary end panels 122 and 124 has an
opposite recesses 112 to engage the support «arm and ful 65 upper longitudinal tiange 134 and a lower longitudinal
crum on «the support yarrn to provide a leverage advan
Íiange 135 to embrace the support panel 121B in a sliding
tage. Thus when lthe thumb screw 92 »is tightened upward
manner. In addition, each of the auxiliary end panels
122 and 124 has a rearwardly bent end flange 136 for
against the underside of the corresponding support arm
engagement by the corresponding angular bracket 126.
84 with the two toggle jaws positioned to grip an angle
iron lintel 114 in the manner shown in FIG. l1, the two
toggle jaws 94 and 95 function with toggle `action to grip
the l-intel and, in addition, the toggle jaw 95 functions as
70
r[he ornamental panel 125 is formed with an upper lon
gitudinal iiange 13S and a lower longitudinal Harige 14@
to embrace the two auxiliary end panels 122 and 124.
As heretofore indicated, the ornamental panel 125 may
a lever having -a relatively long arm connected to »the
thumb screw 92 for actuation thereby and having a rela 75 be made of thin enough material to be readily sheared to
length when the installation is m-ade.
annees ‘
.
“i
8
»
ing; means to fìxedly anchor said support panel to the
iireplace structure; two auxiliary panels slidingly
mounted on the opposite ends, respectively, of said sup
port panel and extending beyond said ends, said auxiliary
panels extending over the :front of the support panel'with
in preparation for installation of the described lower
ornamental panel assembly 32, the two angular brackets
126 at the opposite ends of the support panei i211 are
adjusted to slide easily into the iireplace opening and
then the screws 132 are tightened. The two auxiliary end
panels 122 and 124i are then mounted on opposite ends
a gap between the two auxiliary panels; an ornamental
panel mounted on the two auxiliary panels and conceal
ing the base panel across said gap; two rods to support
the upper edges .of said tire curtains respectively, said
l22_ and 124i. The panel assembly is then placed in the
desired position in the lower part of the fireplace opening 10 rods overlapping in length at their inner ends; means
extending rearwardly from the opposite ends of. said
and is secured by «tightening the two thumb screws 128
auxiliary panels to Íixedly support the outer ends of said
against the wall structure of the fireplace opening.
rods; central means extending rearward from said sup~
Alternatively, the ornamental panel 12S may be a rela
port panel to slidingly support the overlapping inner ends
tively short centrally positioned panel to avoid the neces
sity of cutting it to rit the width of the ñreplace. Such 15 of said rod-s; and means to raise or lower at least one
end of each of said rods relative to the support panel for
a construction would be identical inrapj‘learanceV to the
of the support panel ìZii. The ornamental pane-l 12.5 is
cut to length and mounted on the two auxiliary end panels
leveling adjustment of said tire' curtains.
j
7. A combination as set forth in claim 6 which in
rlsìeviously described panel assembly 2da shown in FIG.
cludes vertically adjustable screws supporting the outer
My description in speciñc detail ofthe selected embodi
ments of the invention will suggest various' changes, sub 20 ends of said two rods.
8. A combination as set forth> in claim 6 in which
stitutions and other departures from my disclosure within
said central means is vertically adjustable on the sup
the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
port panel.
.
'
l claim:
9. In an' ornamental assembly for mounting across a
l. An ornamental panel assembly' to’extend horizontally
across a portion of an opening in a wall structure of a 25 fireplace opening of a fireplace structure wherein the lire
building, comprising: a central elongated support panel
place structure includes a lintel across the fireplace open
ing, means for supporting the assembly comprising: a
shorter than the width of the wall opening; means mount
‘pair of spaced arms extending rearwardly from the' as
ed on said central panel to lixedly engage the wall struc~
ture to hold said central support panel in a central position
sembly 'for support thereof, said arms being positioned
spaced from «both ends of the opening; a pair of elon
to be adjacent the underside of said lintel; a pair of angu
gated auxiliary end panels slidingly supported by the op
lar- toggle jaws for each of said support arms having up
posite ends of said support panel to extend therefrom to
wardly extending forked ends straddling the support arm
the opposite ends of said opening with a gap between the
from below and adapted to engage the inner and outer
inner ends of the auxiliary panels; and an elongated orna
longitudinal edges of said lintel; means pivotally ycon
mental panel covering the gap between the auxiliary 35 necting the inner ends of the toggle jaws of each of said
panels in engagement with the auxiliary panels.
pairs; and screw means carried by each of said pivot
2. A combination as set forth in claim vl in which
said means to engage the wall structure comprises a pair
means to thrust upward against the underside of the cor
responding support arm to tighten the pair of toggle jaws
of means on the opposite ends respectively of said sup
into «gripping engagement with the lintel and simultane~
port panel, at least one of said pair of means being ad 40 ously to clamp the support ar-m against the lintel.
justably extensible into engagement with the wall struc
10. A combination as set forth in claim 9 in which
ture at the corresponding end of the íireplace opening to
one forked end of a toggle jaw of each of said pairs is
place the support panel under longitudinal stress for an
shaped to engage the corresponding support arm vfrom
chorage in the opening.
opposite sides to fnlcrum on the support arm for lever
3. A combination as set forth in claim 2 in which each
age to increase the gripping pressure of the toggle jaws
of the means of said pair comprises an angular bracket
on the lintel.
adjustably mounted on the support panel together with
ll. In an ornamental assembly Áfor mounting across
a screw on the angular bracket to be tightened against the
a fireplace opening of a fireplace structure wherein the
wall structure at the corresponding end of the fireplace
ñreplace structure includes a lintel across the ñreplace
opening.
4. Means to mount a pair of flexible iire curtains across
the fireplace opening of a fireplace structure, said mount
ing means comprising: a central elongated horizontal
support panel shorter than the width of the opening;
means to rixedly anchor 'said support panel to the ñreplace
structure; two elongated auxiliary panels slidinglly mount
ed on the opposite ends, respectively, of said support
panel and extending beyond said ends, said auxiliary
panels extending over the front of the support panel with
a gap between the two auxiliary panels; an elongated orna
mental panel mounted on the two auxiliary panels and
concealing the base panel across said gap; two rods to
50
opening, lmeans for supporting the assembly comprising:
a pair of spaced arms extending rearwardly from the as
sembly for support thereof, said arms being positioned
to be adjacent the underside of said lintel; two pairs of
angular toggle jaws having upwardly extending forked
ends to straddle said support arms respectively from be
low and to engage the inner and outer longitudinal edges
of said lintel; means pivotally connecting the inner ends
of the toggle jaws of each of said pairs of toggle jaws;
screw means carried by each of said pivot means to
thrust upward against the underside of the correspond
ing support arm to tighten the pair of toggle jaws into
gripping enga-gement with the lintel and simultaneously
to clamp the support arm against the lintel; and spring
support the upper edges of said iire curtains respectively,
said rods overlapping in length at their inner ends; means
means carried ‘by each of said pairs of toggle jaws to»
extending rearwardly from the opposite ends of said auxil
urge the pair of toggle jaws into gripping engagement
iary panels to fixedly support the outer ends of said rods; 65 with the lintel for initially supporting the toggle jaws in
and central means extending rearward from said support
preparation `for manual tightening of said screw means.
panel to slidingly support the overlapping inner ends of
l2. A combination as set -forth in claim ll in which
said rods.
said spring means is a leaf spring with its central portion
5. A combination as set forth in claim 4 in which said
engaging the pivot lmeans and its opposite ends engaging
ornamental panel extends the full length of the combined 70 the respective toggle jaws.
support panel and auxiliary panels.
6. Means to mount a pair of liexible iire curtains
across the fireplace opening of a íireplace structure, said
mounting means comprising: an elongated central hori
13. ln anA ornamental assembly yfor mounting across a
fireplace opening of‘a fireplace structure wherein the fire
place structure includes a lintel across the ñreplace open
ing, means for supporting the assembly comprisingi a
.zontal support panel' shorter than the width' of the open 75
3,077,923
10
pair of spa-ced arms extending rearwardly from the as
means carried by said pivot means to thrust against said
second member to tighten the pair of toggle jaws into
gripping engagement with said first member and simul
taneously to clamp the second member against the ñrst
member.
sem-bly for support thereof, said arms being positioned
to be adjacent the underside of said lintel; and a pair of
toggle jaw assemblies to grip said lintel and to clamp
said arms respectively against the underside of the lintel,
each of said toggle jaw assemblies comprising two toggle
jaws, pivot means connecting the inner ends of the toggle
18. A combination as set forth yin claim 17 in which
one forked end of one of said toggle jaws is shaped to
engage the second member from opposite sides to ful
thrust upward against the underside of the correspond
crum
on the second member for leverage to increase the
ing support arm, each of said toggle jaws being in the
gripping pressure of the toggle jaws on the ñrst mem
form of a sheet metal stamping with a central web and 10 ber.
a pair of upwardly bent longitudinal side flanges, said
19. A combination as set forth in claim 17 which in
pair of side flanges being formed at one end to engage
cludes spring means to urge said toggle jaws towards their
said pivot means and having upward jaw extensions at
jaws and screw means carried by the pivot means to
closed positions for initially gripping said ñrst member
the other end to straddle the corresponding support arm
support the toggle jaw assembly in preparation for
and make gripping engagement with one edge of the 15 to
manual tightening of the screw means.
lintel.
14. A combination as set forth in claim 13 in which
References Cited in the file of this patent
said pair of side iianges are shaped for hook engage
ment with the pivot means.
15. A combination as set forth in claim 13 which in
UNITED STATES PATENTS
20
cludes a leaf spring fulciumed on said pivot member with
its opposite ends engaging said webs of the toggle jaws
to urge the pair of toggle jaws into gripping engagement
with the lintel for initial support of the toggle jaws by
the lintel in preparation for manual tightening of said 25
screw means.
16. A combination as set forth in claim 13 in which
said pivot means is a ñat plate member formed with op
posite trunnion portions to engage the two toggle arms
and further provided with a central threaded bore to 30
receive said screw means.
17. A toggle jaw -assembly to grip a ñrst member and
to clamp a second elongated member against the ñrst
member transversely thereof, comprising: a pair of angu
lar toggle jaws having upwardly extending forked ends
to straddle said second member and to engage the inner
and outer edges of said ñrst member; means pivotally
connecting the inner ends of said toggle jaws; and screw
35
296,734
Dodge ______________ __ Apr. 15, 1884
527,383
801,650
1,158,677
Carlson ______________ __ Oct. 9, 1894
Culture ______________ __ Oct. 10, 1905
Gilbert ______________ _.. Nov. 2, 1915
1,858,967
Pettigrew ____________ __ May 17, 1932
2,275,236
2,313,496
2,356,892
2,476,635
2,562,371
2,562,562
2,569,518
2,739,644
2,846,998
2,941,591
2,963,250
3,018,774
Shannon ____________ __ Mar. 3, 1942
Adams _______________ _.. Mar. 9, 1943
Shannon ____________ __ Aug. 29, 1944
Southwick ____________ __ July 19, 1949
Shannon _____________ .__ July 31, 1951
Manasek _____________ _.- July 31, 1951
Deutsch et a1. _________ __ Oct. 2, 1951
Brand _______________ __ Mar. 27, 1956
Robinson ____________ __ Aug. 12, 1958
Meyer _______________ __ June 21, 1960
Bott et al. ____________ __ Dec. 6, 1960
Rubens ______________ .__ Ian. 30, 1962
652,788
Great Britain _________ _.. May 2, 1951
FOREIGN PATENTS
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