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Патент USA US3078862

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Feb. 26, 1963
c. M. 'sAcl-ls
3,078,851
BRASSIERES
Filed Feb. 11, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
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INVENTOR
Charles M.‘ Sachs
ATTORNEY
Feb. 26, 1963'
3,0785851
c. M. SACHS
BRASSIERES
Filed Feb. 11, 1960
FlG.3.
6
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
4
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T.
2
6
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ENTOR
Charles M. Sachs
FIG.6.
57
BY
'
ATTORNEY
o
'7
1
I
Patented Feb3.18963
,
,
2
If the straps comprise a resilient material which is so
3,078,851
BRASSTERES
Charles M. Sachs, Dover, Deh, assiguor to international
Latex Corporation, Dover, Dela, a corporation of Del
easily stretchable that the brassiere, when ?tted, cannot
support the Weight of the breasts, the shoulder straps
will not function well and the breasts will sag. The
shoulder straps must therefore be constructed of resilient
material such that the brassiere is able to support the
Filed Feb. ll, 196i), Ser. No. 5&16
weight of the breasts without causing the resilient mem
2 @laims. (Cl. 12$——595)
bers to stretch to their limit. The tension, or force,
This invention is a new and improved brassiere which
placed on the brassiere in ?tting will, of course, vary
is designed to prevent the brassiere from moving upward 10 according to the size of the breasts and the build of the
in the ‘back or cutting into the shoulders.
.body, etc., but whatever this ?tting force may be, the
Prior attempts to eliminate riding up of the brassiere
resilient members of the shoulder straps must withstand
as by increasing the tightness or holding power of the
such force without transmitting to the back band a force
back ‘band simply exaggerated shoulder strain, while
which would exceed the holding power of the back
aware
attempts to relieve shoulder strain only emphasized the 15 band. When thus understood, the present invention
may be practiced quite simply and in a variety of forms.
These traits were considered
riding up characteristic.
to be irreconcilable and brassieres heretofore were com
promise garments suffering these defects in greater or
lesser degree.
Brassieres shown in the drawings illustrate embodiments
of the present invention, it being understood that such
embodiments are shown by way of illustration and not
The present inventor has found that these antagonistic 20 by way of limitation, in which drawings:
qualities may be reconciled by a right combination of ?rst,
FIGURE 1 is a front View of a brassiere showing the
increasing the coe?icient of friction of the inner surface
shoulder straps which are resiliently responsive to ten
of the back band and second, employing means to miti
sion;
gate the upward pulling force which is exerted on the
FIGURE 2 is a rear view of the brassiere of FIGURE
back band by the back shoulder straps. By so doing, a 25 1 showing the anchoring means in the back band in rela
tion to the shoulder straps;
'
brassiere is provided which faithfully follows every move
FIGURE 3 is an enlarged fragmentary section of the
ment of the upper torso and substantially eliminates both
anchoring means shown in FIGURE 2;
riding up of the brassiere and cutting into the shoulders.
FIGURE 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along the
According to the present invention, the brassiere is
made with a back band comprising anchoring means in 30 line 4-4 of FIGURE 3 showing the anchoring means;
the body-contacting surface thereof which holds the bras
FIGURE 5 is a rear view of a different embodiment of
siere in a substantially non-slipping, girthwise position
the invention; and
during wear, and shoulder straps which are resiliently
FIGURE 6 is an enlarged view of the back band and
the resilient member of FIGURE 5.
responsive to tension connected to said anchoring means,
the shoulder straps being stretchable to the same distance 35
In FIGURE 1, the breast molding and supporting cups
11 are attached at their inner edges to strips of fabric
to which the back of the wearer stretches during bodily
.12, the inner edges of which strips of fabric come to a
movements, the resilience of the shoulder straps being
such that the force needed to stretch them the said dis
median seam 13. Elastic front bands 14 begin at the
tance is greater than the ?tting force but less than the
bottom of the median seam 13 and are attached at their
force which would cause the back band to slip.
40 upper edges to the bottom of the strips 12 and to the
bottom of the breast cups 11, as by stitching 15. The
The combination of a back band, the body-contacting
surface of which has a high coe?icient of friction to hold
outer edges of the breast cups 1'1 and the outer edges of
the brassiere in a substantially non-slipping, girthwise
the elastic front bands 14 are joined to right and left
back bands or panels 16 at seam lines U. The back
position, and elastic means in the shoulder strap arrange
ment which, upon extension ‘by bodily movements, applies 45 bands 16 are attached at their rear ends to elastic sec
forces to the back band which are below the force which
tions 17 at seam lines 32. Elastic sections 17 are attached
at their rear ends to fabric sections 18 carrying cooper
will cause the back band to ride up during wear, pro
vides a brassicre which does not slip upwardly and does
ating fastening elements. In the form shown, these
not cut into the ?esh of the shoulders.
fastener elements are hooks 2t) and rows of eyes 21 and
The anchoring means of the back band has a body
22. The elastic front bands 14, the back bands 16, the
contacting surface with at least one area having a rela
elastic sections 17 and the fabric sections 18 may be con
sidered as the body-encircling band. The tops of the
tively high coefficient of friction as compared to the skin
breast cups 11 have loops of material 23 to which shoul
so that it grips the body without slipping. The anchor—
ing means may be slip-resistant fabric formed from woven
der straps 24 of unstretchable material are attached by
means of slidable buckles 25. The rear ends of the
elastic material in which bare, rubber-like threads pro
shoulder straps 42 are joined to the front ends of elastic
trude from the plane of the fabric in a- sinuous manner
tapes 26 as by a double line of stitching 27. The shoulder
and arranged in a horizontal direction. A suitable fabric
straps are thus formed principally of unstretchable tapes
is one comprising substantially non-stretchable warp
with minor portions in the rear formed of a resilient
thread and covered and bare elastic weft threads with
exposed portions of the bare elastic weft thread raised 60 member. The shoulder straps are resiliently responsive
on one side of the fabric to provide friction surfaces.
The anchoring means further serve as a ?xed base from
which the shoulder straps move in a resilient manner in
response to tensions placed upon them.
to tension by virtue of the resilient members 25,
the rear ends of which are joined to the tops of the
back bands 16 by stitching 28. The body-contacting sur
face of back bands 16, see FIGURE 2, have anchoring
3,078,851
3
means 30' in the form of a slip-resistant woven fabric
such as elastic batiste which has woven into it bare rubber
threads 34 running in a horizontal direction; see FIG
URES 2 and 3. These exposed rubber threads 34 have
a high surface friction characteristic which grip the body
It is to be appreciated that the holding power of the
back band, or the force needed to make it slip, may vary
considerably, according to the nature and construction
of the anchoring means utilized in the back band. Elastic
bare rubber batiste made by Ansonia- Mills and known as
#514 is an example of a material which may be suitably
used as the anchoring means in the back band. This
material has a modulus of approximately 2.47 lbs. at
of the wearer and extend above the plane of the fabric
35. The anchoring means 30 are attached to the back
bands 16 along their common bottom edge by a line of
60% elongation when tested according to ASTM D
stitching 31; along their front edges to the seam lines 19;
and along their rear edges to scam lines 32; the top edges 10 1377-55 T. It is recognized that in many body shapes,
the lower the brassiere is ?tted from the shoulder blades,
33 remaining free. Anchoring means 39 are tins con
the more comfortable the brassiere will be. Ordinarily
nected on three sides by stitching at seam lines 19, 31,
brassieres, however, do not remain in such position be
and 32 to the back bands 16. Shoulder straps 2.4 are
cause they do not have the ability to resist the upward
resiliently connected by the elastic tape components 26
to the anchoring means 38 through the intervening back 15 pull of the shoulders and the comfortable ?t is soon lost.
The brassiere of this invention, however, does have this
bands 16. The breast cups 11 may have decorative
ability and hence may be ?tted and maintained in a lower
stitching thereon of any desired form. An advantage
position than ordinary brassieres.
in the above method of attaching the anchoring means 36
It is to be further appreciated that the shoulder straps
on three sides only is that the shrinkage of the batiste
after washing will occur without affecting the appearance 20 may be made resiliently responsive to tension in a variety
of ways. For example, the brassiere of this invention
of the rest of the brassiere. The batiste, not being pre
may be made with a shoulder strap arrangement com—
shrunk, will shrink to a greater extent than the pre
prising shoulder straps of inelastic material attached to a
shrunk fabrics customarily used in brassieres, but being
resilient member, which resilient member overlies, and is
free along one edge, as edge 33, it will shrink without
causing any change in the smooth appearance of the rest 25 connected to, the said back band.
FIGURES 5 and 6 illustrate rear views of such embodi
of the brassiere. The incorporation of the anchoring
ment of this invention. Breast cups 51 are joined to side
means in the back band, however, may be made in any
panels 52 at edges 53 by means of stitching. Front panel
desired manner, as by stitching along all four sides,
54 is connected to the breast cups at their lower edges
etc., or the entire back band itself may comprise body
anchoring means. FIGURE 3 is an enlarged view of 30 and is also connected by stitching to side panels 52 at the
bottom part of edges 53. Side panels 52 are attached to
the anchoring means used in the back band and shows
back bands 55 along their common edges 57, and the
exposed bare rubber threads 34 woven into the textile
back bands 55 are attached at their rear ends to cloth
fabric 35. FIGURE 4 is a cross-sectional view showing
panels 59 at their common edges 53. Resilient members
the protuberance of the exposed bare rubber threads
56 overlie the back bands 55 and are attached to side
above the plane of the fabric. It is noted that the other
panels 5?. and cloth panels 59 by stitching at their com
'side of the fabric is smooth and relatively non-frictional,
mon edges 57 and 53 respectively. The resilient mem
over which other garments can freely move in sliding en
bers 56 are free of attachment to the back bands 55
except at their common edges 57 and 58. These resilient
FIGURES 1 and 2 thus depict a brassiere having a
back band, the body-contacting surface of which com 40 members may be formed of elastic fabric such as leno
or elastic batiste. Shoulder straps 69 of inelastic material
prises bare rubber threads which holds the brassiere in
are joined to the top edges of the resilient members 56
a non-slipping, girthwise position and shoulder straps
and by slidable buckles 62 through loops 66 to the tops
connected to said back band, the said shoulder straps
of the breast cups 51. Cloth panels 59 carry mutually
being formed principally of unstretchable tapes with por
engageable fasteners such as books 63 and rows of eyes
tions of the backs thereof formed of resilient members,
64 for holding the garment in a girthwise position. The
the said straps being stretchable to the same distance to
body-contacting surfaces 65 of back band 55 act as an
which the back of the wearer stretches during bodily
choring means and may comprise an elastic fabric, such
movements, the resilient members being of such charac
teristic that the force needed to stretch the said straps
as bare rubber batiste or bare rubber leno, having ex
the said distance is greater than the ?tting force but less 50 posed rubber threads. Upward pulls applied to the in
than the force which would make the back band slip.
elastic shoulder straps 60 are transmitted to the resilient
For a brassiere to be non-slipping according to this
members 56 which stretch and move upwardly, sliding
invention, the threshold slippage force, that is the force
over the outside surfaces of back bands 55. The prin
which will cause the back band to slip vertically, must
ciples enunciated above apply here also, in that the resil~
be greater than the force which will stretch the elastic
ient elements 56 stretch to allow the shoulder straps to
tape the same distance the body stretches, which force
move up the same distance as the body stretches without
in turn must be greater than the force placed on the
transmitting to the anchoring back bands 55 a force which
back shoulder strap when the brassiere is ?tted. The
would cause them to slip.
tension placed on the back strap when the brassiere is
I claim:
?tted is that tension which is necessary to make the 60
1. A brassiere having a body-encircling band including
brassiere ?t properly and is directly related to the tension
right and left fabric back panels, the surface of each said
placed on the brassiere by the weight of the breasts.
panel on the body-contacting side having at least one
This may be referred to as the ?tting force. The resilient
area of bare, rubber-like threads protruding from the
element 26 is so selected or designed as to have the right
surface of the panel in a sinuous manner and arranged
force-elongation characteristic. This characteristic is
in a horizontal direction for holding the brassiere in a
gagement.
that when subjected to the ?tting force and then elon
gated to the same distance the back stretches, minus the
distance which the skin under the back band moves, the
force which the resilient element transmits to the back
band is less than the force which would cause the back
band to slip. Stated somewhat differently, the resilient
shoulder straps have elongation characteristics such that
a force between their ?tting force and the threshold
of slippage of the back band will elongate the shoulder
straps the same distance the back of the wearer stretches.
substantially non-slipping, girthwise position during wear,
the other surface of each panel having a relatively smooth
surface over which other garments Worn by the wearer
can slide freely, two shoulder straps each having an elas
tic section in the back portion thereof, each strap being
attached at one of its ends to one said back panel, said
area of bare, rubber-dike threads serving as a ?xed base
from which each shoulder strap elongates as said elastic
section stretches, the straps being stretchable to the same
3,078,851
‘
'
5
6
distance as the back of the wearer stretches during bodily
movement whereby the said back panels and the elastic
sections in the shoulder straps cooperate with each other
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
2 045 871
Pilot
June 30 1936
to substantially eliminate both riding up of the brassiere
and cutting into the shoulders while maintaining a high 5
2’638’130
2:646:828
degree of uplift of the bust-
POSSOI'}"“"'_':"::':': May 12’ 1953
Hesse _:::__:___:_:_ July 28: 1953
‘
2,888,930
Coleman et a1. ________ __ June 2, 1959
2. A brassiere according to claim 1 wherein the said
2,940,454
Fawn ______________ __ June 14, 1960
{area extends along the bottom portion of each back panel.
2,933,037
Krieger _____________ " June 13, 1951
3,009,464
Owen ct a1. __________ __ Nov. 21, 1961
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