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Патент USA US3078906

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Feb. 26, 1963
H. ABRAMS
3,078,896
BRIEF CASE FASTENER
Filed March 15, 1962
INVENTOR
40
#YM/1N /ìBA’ßMs
ATTORNE)l
United States Patent ffice
I
3,078,896
BRIEF CASE FASTENER
Hyman Abrams, New York, NSY., assigner to Thomases è'z
Co., `Iersey City, Nd., a partnership
Filed Mar. 15, 1962, Ser. No. 179,951
9 Ciaims. (Cl. 15b-1.6)
The present invention relates generally to improve
ments in receptacles and it relates, in particular, to an
improved receptacle of the hand bag or brief case type
which is provided with a hinged closure frame carrying
a handle and a latching flap.
In brief cases, hand bags and the like which are pro
vided with closure frames including a pair of mutually
hinged, U-shaped closure members, it is the common
practice to mount a handle on one of the frame members
and to attach one end of a flexible strap to this frame
3,078,896
_Patented Feb. 26, 1963
2
the handle section of still another embodiment of the
present invention; and
FIGURE 6 is a front elevational fragmentary view of
the handle section of a further embodiment of the present
invention.
In a sense, the present invention contemplates the pro
vision of a receptacle comprising a body member includ
ing front and rear walls, a pair of `longitudinally spaced
handle brackets mounted onk said rear wall and having
aligned openings formed therein, a handle member pro
vided With depending side legs having end sections regis
tering with said brackets and having longitudinal bores
formed therein in axial alignment with said bracket aper
tures, a first latch member mounted on said front wall,
a flexible strap member having trailing and leading ends,
pin elements projecting laterally from the trailing end
of said strap and engaging said bracket apertures and
said handle bores to secure said handle and said strap
to said brackets, and a second latch element carried by
with a latching member which releasably engages a mat
the leading end of said strap and adapted to releasably
ing latching member attached to the receptacle wall se 20 engage said first latch element. The receptacle is ad
cured with the other frame member. It has been con
vantageously provided with a hinged closure frame of
member with the other end of the flap being provided
ventional to secure the trailing end of the latching ñap
either to the receptacle rear wall or to the handle carry
ing frame member as a consequence of which the strap,
upon the opening of the bag, drops into the receptacle
opening, interfering with the free access therethrough and
requiring frequent flexing thereof. This is not only highly
conventional construction and the handle brackets are
mounted on the component of the frame member which
engages the receptacle rear Wall.
In accordance with a preferred form of the present in
vention, each of the handle brackets includes a pair of
longitudinally-spaced, upstanding posts mounted on a base
annoying and inconvenient but the repea-ted ñexing of
plate which is secured to the rear wall-engaging frame
the strap frequently results in damage thereto and the
member by a pair of upset tongues depending from the
_tearing thereof. It has been suggested to hinge the trail
base plate and registering with openings in the frame
¿ing end of the latching strap to the frame member -at a
member. The handle member is substantially U-shaped,
point above the level thereof to permit the free swinging
the
ends of the side legs being located between corre
of the strap rearwardly out of registry with the recep
sponding pairs of bracket posts. A longitudinally ex
tacle _opening without the necessity of iiexing the strap
tending rod has end sections engaging the aligned aper
per se. However, the construction by which this result 35 tures in the handle legs and bracket posts to `lock the
has 'been accomplished is relatively complicated and ap
assembly of the handle brackets and rod. The rod has
preciably increases the cost of production of the final
an intermediate, transversely-offset section which is swing
product. Furthermore, the structure and procedure usu
ably engaged by the crotch section of a channel shaped
«ally employed in attaching a handle to a brief case are
likewise costly so that it has not heretofore been com
mercially feasible to employ a strap structure of the above
vnature in low~priced brief cases, hand bags and the like.
It is thus a principal object of the present invention to
clamp, the legs of which clamp engage the trailing end
of the strap. The structure may be modified by employ
ing a straight coupling rod instead of one of stepped
shape, or the unitary rod may be replaced by a pair of
suitable shaped rod or pin members which are joined by
provide an improved receptacle.
the clamp member. Furthermore, as an alternative, the
Another object of the present invention is to provide 45 trailing
section of the strap member may be connected
an improved brief case, hand bag or the like-of the type
to the rod by forming a loop therein which encircles
_having a hinged vclosure frame.
the rod.
,
Still another object of the present invention is to pro
Referring
now
to
the
drawing,
and
more
particularly
to
vvide an improved brief case, hand bag or the like having
`a handle-carrying hinged closure frame and a hinged 50 FIGURES l, 2 and 3 thereof, which illustrate a preferred
embodiment of the present invention, reference numeral
la‘tching strap readily swingable out of registry with the »
14) generally designates an improved brief case which in
receptacle access opening without liexing the strap.
cludes a body member 11 provided with front and rear
A further object of the present invention is to provide
walls l2 and I3 respectively, and a bottom wall and side
a brief case, hand bag or the like of the above nature
characterized by its simplicity, ruggedness, low cost and 55 gusset Walls in the usual manner. A conventional closure
frame member is associated with body member 11 and in
,ease of fabrication and assembly.
cludes as is well known, a pair of U-Shaped frame mem
The above and other objects of the present invention
bers provided with cross-arms la and i6 and depending
>will become apparent from a reading of the following ~
side legs, the ends of which legs are mutually hinged.
description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying
60 Cross-arm 14 of frame 14 is enclosed in a sheath 17 which
drawing, wherein
is sewn to the upper border of the body member rear wall
FIGURE l is a fragmentary perspective, partially dia
lf3, and frame cross-arm 16 is enclosed in a sheath 1S
grammatic view of the handle and closure section of a
which is sewn to the upper border of front wall 12. Thus,
brief case constructed according to and embodying the
by opening the closure frame, cross-arms 14 and 16 are
>present invention;
65 transversely spread thereby affording access into the in
FIGURE 2 is an exploded fragmentary view of the
terior of brief case I@ and conversely, upon closing of
brief case section illustrated in FIGURE 1;
the closure frame,v cross-arms 14 and 16 are brought into
FIGURE 3 is an enlarged detailed sectional View taken
overlapping relationship to close the brief case llt).
along 3_3 in FIGURE l;
Mounted on cross-arm 14 of the rear frame is a pair
FÍGURE 4 is a sectional View similar to FIGURE 3 70 of longitudinally spaced bracket members 19. Each brack
of another embodiment of the present invention;
et member 19 includes a 'rectangular base plate 2d overFIGURE 5 is a front elevational fragmentary view of
lying the frame arm 14 and a sandwiched layer of sheath
3,078,896
4
that first described resides in the manner of connecting
the trailing end of the strap member to the coupling rod.
In the embodiment of FIGURE 4 the coupling clamp 36
is omitted and in place thereof the trailing section of the
17. A pair of prongs 21 depend fromthe ends of base
plate 20 and are integrally formed therewith. These
pierce sheath 17 and project through corresponding open
ings 22 formed in the frame cross-arm 14. Prongs 21
latching strap 48 is looped about the transversely offset
are upset to underlie the underface of frame arm 14, thus
tightly securing brackets 19 thereto. Mounted on the base
plate 20 of each bracket is a pair of longitudinally spaced
intermediate section 49 of the coupling rod and is se
cured thereon by means of stitching 50 to strap 48 along
a line leading the loop section of said strap 48. Thus,
upstanding posts 23 having longitudinally aligned aper
tures 24 formed therein adjacent their upper ends.
A handle member 26 of any suitable construction, sub
stantially of U-shaped configuration, including a pair of
the strap 48 is freely hinged to rod section 49 in the ab
sence of a coupling clamp 36, as in FIGURES l, 2 and 3.
In FIGURE 5 of the drawing, there is illustrated still
depending side legs 27 terminating in fiat ended vhub sec
tions 28 and having longitudinally aligned bores 29- formed
from that first described primarily in the substitution of a
therein is provided. The handle hub sections 28 are lo
cated between corresponding pairs of bracket posts 23,
handle bores 29 being in axial alignment with post aper
tures 24. A coupling rod 30 includes longitudinally
aligned pivot-pin-defining end sections 32 and an intermedi
ate longitudinally extending section 33 transversely off
another embodiment of the present invention, differing
pair of hinge elements for rod 30. Specifically, there is
15 provided a clamp member 51 similar in configuration to
clamp member 36 previously described, clamp member 51
engaging the trailing end of a flexible coupling strap 52.
A pair of hinge elements 53 are disposed at opposite ends
of the crotch section 54 of clamp member 51, each of
set relative to the end sections 32 and joined thereto by 20 pin members 53 including longitudinally projecting trans
versely offset sections 56 and 57 respectively, the inner
transverse arms 34. Coupling rod end sections 32 reg
ends of which are joined by a connecting intermediate
ister with corresponding handle bores 29 and post aper
transverse‘section 58. Hinge section 56 of each hinge
element 53 registers with aligned openings formed in the
19 is locked, thereby permitting the free swinging of han 25 handle bracket posts 59 and longitudinal bores 60 formed
in the corresponding handle legs 61. It should be noted
dle 26 and of offset rod section 33.
that the handle brackets and handle are of a structure
A channel-shaped clamp member 36 is provided with
tures 24 so that when brackets 19 are attached to frame
arm 14, the assembly of handle 26, rod 3f! and brackets
similar to that first described. The opposite hinge sec
tions 57 register with the clamp crotch section 54 and each
member 36. A pair of longitudinally extending parallel 30 extends for less than half the length thereof. The hinge
sections 57 may be affixed to the‘clamp crotch 54 or may
arms 38 project from the crotch section 37, the underarm
be freely rotatable therein.4 In the latter case, the longi
being provided with upstanding pointed prongs 39. An
tudinal movement available at the hinge members 53
elongated iiexible strap or band member 40 formed of
should be less than the length of the registry of the hinge
leather,rthermoplastic material, or other suitable material
is of substantially rectangular shape with slightly converg 35 section ‘57 in crotch 54 and the extension of the hinge
section 56 beyond the coresponding outer bracket posts
ing side edgesV and includes a trailing end 41 which is
59. The operation of the last described embodiment is
tightly embraced by clamp arms 38 and securely atiixed
similar to that first described and requires no further ex
thereto by prongs 39 piercing trailing end 41 of the strap
planation.
l
member. A conventional male latch member 42 is affixed
an enlarged crotch section 37 which encircles intermediate
section 33 of rod 30 to permit the free swinging of clamp
to the leading end of strap member 40 and includes a 40
Another embodiment of the present invention is illus
trated in FIGURE 6 of the drawing and differs from
that first described only in that the stepped rod 30 is re
plate legs 43 which embrace the leading end of the flap
placed by a linear rod 65. The rod 65 is in axial registry
member 40, the underplate having mounted thereon the
with the apertures in the bracket posts 66 and the aligned
usual male latch element in the form of an eye or loop
member. Cooperating with male latch member 42 is a 45 bores in the handle legs 67. In order to lock the assem
bly, it is necessary, however, by reason of the absence of
conventional female latch member 44 provided with one
the step sections as 34, 58 to upset the ends of rod 65, as
or more slots adapted to receive the female latch element.
at 68, so that they have at least one transverse dimension
Latch member 44 is provided with a slidable locking
channel shaped clamp member provided with opposing
greater than the corresponding dimension of the apertures
and spring-urged thereto and releasably shiftable out of 50 in posts 66.
While there has been described and illustrated pre
registry with the opening by means of a coupled finger
ferred embodiments of the present invention, it is ap
piece 46. Latch member 44 may be provided with a
parent that numerous alterations, omissions and addi
locking mechanism 47, as is well known.
d
tions may be made without departing from the spirit
In employing the above-described improved brief case
10, when the case is in closed position, latch `members 42 55 thereof.
tongue normally registering with the female latch opening
and 44 are in releasable interengagement as illustrated in
I claim:
1. A receptacle Acomprising a body member including
FIGURE l ofthe drawing. In opening the brief case 10,
front and rear walls, a closure frame including a pair of
finger piece 46 is depressed thereby to release latch ele
mutually hinged first and second frame members secured
ment 42, and strap 40, carrying latch member 42, is swung
with handle member 26 to a rearwardly directed position 60 to said front and rear walls respectively, a pair of longi
tudinally spaced handle brackets mounted on said second
so as to be free of the access opening to the interior of
frame member and having aligned apertures formed there
brief case 10. It should be noted that no flexing whatso
in, a handle member provided with side legs having end
ever of the strap 40 is required to swing it to a retracted
sections registering with said brackets and having longi
position. Furthermore, strap member 40 can be at least
partially retracted merely by swinging rod 3f) to bring the 65 tudinal bores formed therein in axial alignment with said
intermediate section 33 thereof to its rearmost position,
carrying strap member 40 a corresponding distance rear
wardly. It is important to note that the entire assembly
of brackets 19, handle 26 and strap 40 requires no rivets,
rivetting or similar devices or operations. VAs a conse
quence, the assembling of the handle, brackets and latch
ing devices is of the greatest simplicity and _of low cost.
Referring now to FIGURE 4 of the drawing, which
bracket apertures, a first latch member mounted on said
front wall, a flexible strap member having trailing and
leading ends, pin elements projecting laterally from said
strap trailing end and engaging said bracket apertures and
said handle bores to secure said handle and said strap
to said brackets, and a second latch element carried by
said strap leading end and adapted to releasably engage
said first latch element.
s
2. The receptacle of claim l wherein each of said han
the only difference between the instant embodiment and 75 die brackets includes a pair of longitudinally spaced up.
illustrates another embodiment of the present invention,
3,078,896
6
standing posts having aligned apertures formed therein,
the end sections of corresponding handle side legs being
embraced by respective pairs of said bracket posts, said
pin elements engaging said aligned apertures.
3. A receptacle comprising a body member including
frame member and having aligned apertures formed
therein, a handle member provided with side legs having
end sections registering with said brackets and having
longitudinal bores formed therein in axial alignment with
said bracket apertures, a first latch member mounted on
front and rear walls, a closure frame including a pair of
said -front wall, a clamping channel extending longi
mutually hinged tirst and second frame members secured
to said front and rear walls respectively, a pair of longi
tudinally spaced handle brackets mounted on said second
tudinally between said bracket and including a crotch sec
frame member and having aligned apertures formed therein, a handle member provided with side legs having end
sections registering with said brackets and having longi
tudinal bores formed therein in axial alignment with said
said bracket apertures and said handle bores, a flexible
strap member having a trailing end clamped between said
channel side legs and a leading end, and a second latch
tion and side legs, pin elements engaged by and project
ing longitudinally from said crotch Asection and engaging
Ifront wall, a longitudinally extending rod extending be
tween said brackets and engaging said aligned apertures
and bores, a flexible strap member having a trailing end
hinged to said rod between said brackets and a leading
end, and a second latch element carried by said strap
leading end and adapted to releasably engage said first
element carried by said strap leading end and adapted to
releasably engage said first latch element.
8. The receptacle of claim 7 wherein the sections of
said pins registering with said clamp crotch are trans
versely offset relative to the sections thereof engaging said
bracket apertures and handle bores.
9. A receptacle comprising a body member including
front and rear walls, a pair of longitudinally spaced
latch element.
handle brackets mounted on said rear wall and having
4. The receptacle of claim 3 wherein said longitudinally
extending rod includes longitudinally aligned end sections
aligned openings formed therein, a handle member pro«
vided with side legs having end sections registering with
said brackets and having longitudinal bores formed there
bracket apertures, a first latch member mounted on said
engaging said aligned apertures and bores and an inter
mediate section transversely offset relative to said end 25 in in axial alignment with said bracket apertures, a ñrst
latch member mounted on said front wall, a ñexible strap
sections, said strap trailing end being hinged to said
member having trailing and leading ends, pin elements
intermediate section.
projecting laterally from said flap member trailing end
5. The receptacle of claim 3 including a longitudinally
and engaging -said bracket apertures and said handle bores
extending clamping channel comprising a crotch section
swingably engaging said rod and a pair of side legs 30 to secu-re said handle and said ñap member to said
brackets, and a second latch element carried by said strap
clamped to said strap trailing end.
leading end and adapted to releasably engage said ñrst
v6. The receptacle of claim 3 wherein said strap trail
ing end is looped about said rod and the free end thereof
latch element.
is secured to said strap at a point leading said trailing
35
References Cited in the íile of this patent
end.
7. A receptacle comprising a body member including
UNITED STATES PATENTS
front and rear walls, a closure frame including a pair of
mutually hinged lirst and second frame members secured
to said front and rear walls respectively, a pair of longi
1,409,936
2,859,787
tudinally spaced handle brackets mounted on said second
310211883
Falkiner ____________ __ Mar. 21, 1922
Perlin ______________ _.- Nov. 11, 1958
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