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Патент USA US3079031

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Feb. 26, 1963
F. A. BELLINGHER
3,079,024
sEcTIoNAL Box CONSTRUCTION
Filed March 14, 1961
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
PMQW
1C@
3,079,024
Patented Feb. 26, 1963
2
3,079,024
SEC'IISNAL B‘GX CGNSTRUCTÄON
Fred A. Beliingher, Alsip, Ill., assigner to International
Harvester Company, Chicago, lll., a corporation of
New .Eersey
Filed Mar. 14, 1951, ser. No. 95,6%
s claims. (ci. 217-12)
the purpose of said cleats being to retain the bottom 14
in spaced relation with respect to the platform 16.
The box 1l) is a wooden-type box, though, of course,
the present invention is not limited to the use of this type
of material since the box can be made of any suitable
material such as plastic, metal, or other materials.
Referring now particularly to FIGS. 2, 3 and 7, a panel
is designated at 18, the said panel being constructed of
This invention relates to an improvement in a sec
wooden boards providing on said panel opposite side
tional box construction and more particularly to a sec 10 walls. Each panel 18 comprises a first edge 19 and an
tional-type box particularly adapted for use with pallets.
It is a prime object of this invention to provide an im
proved sectional box construction particularly adapted
for containing palletized loads, the said box being easily
opposed edge 20. Each panel 18 also comprises a third
edge 21 and an opposed edge 22. A first Stringer 23, or
as referred to in the trade, a cleat, is connected to each
panel 18 and is coextensive and ñushed with the edge
assembled and disassembled.
15 19, the said Stringer 23 also having opposite end por
Another object of this invention is to provide an im
tions spaced outwardly with respect to the edges 21 and
proved type of wooden box arrangement comprising a
22. A second stringer or cleat 24 is connected to each
plurality of panels adapted to be interlocked in assembly
panel and is substantially parallel to the cleat 23, the
to effectuate a strong and rigid box construction which
said cleat 24 being spaced inwardly from the second edge
is easily assembled and disassembled.
20 20. The second stringer 24 also projects outwardly with
A still further object of the invention is to p-rovide an
respect to the edges 21 and 22. The cleats 23 and 24 are
improved wooden-type box construction having suitable
of rectangular cross section and also may be constructed
of wood. Each panel also, as best shown in FIG. 7, in~
cludes a recess 25 which opens outwardly on the edge
box assembly and also providing interlock provisions 25 Ztl.
The recess 25 has a width suffi-cient to straddle the
whereby the box during assembly is exceptionally strong
stringers 24 of the bottom 14 as shown in FIG. 7 and
and yet may be easily disassembled after use for reship~
the dept-h of each recess 25 is at least equal to the height
ment.
strengthening cleats or stringers provided on each sec
tion or panel, the said cleats serving to strengthen the
Vw
of each Stringer 24.
The complete assembled condition of the box 10 is
multi-purpose box construction having sides, a bottom, 30 shown in FIG. 1 wherein the box is suitably strapped
and a cover, the said construction including identical
together by means of straps or wires designated at 26.
panels whereby the said panels may be readily inter
If the box is utilized in connection with the pallet 15, the
changed to provide said sides, bottom, and top cover,
wires also of course will extend around the pallet to re
and in assembly providing an exceptionally strong inter
tain all of the components in assembly.
connected construction which is easily assembled and 35
To assemble the box, two panels are positioned, as
disassembled.
shown in FIG. 7, to provide the bottom 14. Thus the
Still another object of the invention is to provide a
two panels are placed on the pallet 15 or on the floor
wooden box construction which is constructed entirely
so that the edges 20 of each panel are in contiguous re
of identical panels so that the components are all inter
lation and the stringers 23 and 24 face upwardly. The
changeable and whereby panels of other boxes may be 40 sides 12 and 13 are now each formed by individual
interchanged for either top cover, sides, or bottom of
panels. The panels which form the sides 13 have the
other boxes of the same type.
recesses 25 straddling the stringers 24 of the bottom 14
These and further objects will become readily ap
to provide interengagement or an interlock for the said
parent from a reading of the description when examined
sides to retain the bottom 14 in assembly and also to pre
in connection with the accompanying sheets of drawings.
vent lateral shift of the sides 13 relative to said bo-ttom
In the drawings:
14. Also, the stringers 24 of the sides 13 are centrally
FiG. 1 is a perspective view of an improved sectional
supported on the stringers 24 of the bottom 14 to pro
ized box embodying the invention;
vide rigidity. The sides 12 have their stringers 24
A still further object of the invention is to provide a
HG. 2 is a side elevational view of a type o-f panel
used in the construction of the box shown in FIG. l;
FIG. 3 is an end elevational view of a box panel shown
in PIG. 2;
seated upon the stringers 23 of the bottom 14 as best
shown in FIG. 5, and the edges 2i) of the sides 12 are
supported on the panels and positioned against lateral dis
placement by means of the stringers 23 of the bottom 14.
FIG. 4 is a plan view showing side panels of a box
The cleats 23 and 24 may be suitably nailed to the boards
in assembled position with the top removed and show
55 of the panel in conventional fashion. As best shown in
ing a bottom for the said box;
FIG. 7, the projecting ends of the cleats 23 and 24 inter
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view through a box taken
engage at the corners to also further reinforce one an
substantially along the line 5-5 of FIG. l;
other so that the rigidity of the~ structure is increased.
FIG. 6 is a sectional view taken along the line 6-6 of
The top cover 11 comprises also two panels with the
FIG. l; and
edges
2i) in contiguous relation and the recesses 25 in
FIG. 7 is an enlarged exploded perspective view of a 60 registry as indicated in FIG. 7. The cleats 23 and 24 of
sectionalized box including a pallet on which the said
the cover 11 project downwardly with the cleats 23 being
box may be transported for shipment.
supported on the cleats 23 of the side walls 12. Likewise,
Referring now particularly to FIGS. l and 7, a box
the projecting end portions of the cleats 24 Vof the cover
is generally designated by the reference character 10.
11 are supported on the uper edges of the cleats 23 of
The box 1t) comprises a top cover generally designated
the side walls 13.
’
'
at 11 including first opposed side walls 12 and second
As indicated in FIG. l, a Suitable wire tie or band 26
opposed side walls 13. A bottom is also generally desig
is secured about the box and its components of top cover
nated at 14. The box 10 as shown in FIG. 7 is adapted
11, sides 12 and 13, and bottom 14 to _secure the box
to be supported upon a conventional two-way entry pal
Vcomponents together.
let 15 having a supporting platform 16 which may be 70
Thus it is apparent that each of the panels 18 is identi
provided with suitable spacer cleats 17. The spacer
cal and that the cleats, while serving to strengthen each
cleats 17 may be fastened to the platform 16, if desired,
of the panels 18, also have definite function and relation
3,079,624
3
to provide interengagement or interlocking of the panels
in the box assembly so as to secure a rigld structure which
when banded together will provide a rigid packing
structure.
-their second edges positioned contiguously and their
recesses in registry, with the stringers of the top cover
and the stringers of the bottom projecting in a direction
toward each other, each side wall comprising an upright
panel with the stringers projecting outwardly and with
the recesses of said first opposed side walls providing a
space receiving said second stringers of said bottom panels,
wise, it is clear that by simply releasing the bands 26
said second stringers of said second side walls being dis
the box may be disassembled. Since all of the panels i3
posed
on top of said first stringers of said bottom panels,
are alike, it is, of course, obvious that they are inter
changeable for sides, bottom, or top cover, as desired. 10 the first stlingers of said cover panels being disposed
on top of said first stringers of said second side walls
Furthermore, since many of these boxes may be shipped
Vand said second stringers of said cover panels having
together, the parts of one box can easily be interchanged
their projecting end portions being supported on the first
with broken parts of another so that provisions for darn
stringers of said first side walls, said first and second
age can readily be provided. Also after the shipment has
ringers of said side Walls having certain of their end
15
reached its destination, it is a simple procedure to dis
portions overlapping in engagement with each other, and
assemble the box and return the panels in bundled form.
means for connecting said top cover, bottom, and side
Thus, the objects of the invention have been fully
walls in assembly.
achieved, and it must be understood that changes and
3. A box assembly comprising a plurality of panels
modifications may be made without departing from the
spirit of the invention as disclosed or from the scope 20 forming upright first opposed side walls and second op
pose-d side walls, a bottom, and a 4top cover, each panel
thereof as defined in the appended claims.
comprising a wail section having opposite sides and first
What is claimed is:
and second opposed parallel edges and second and third
1. A box assembly comprising a plurality of panels
opposed parallel edges, a first Stringer connected to one
forming upright first opposed side walls and second op
side of each panel flush with said first edge, a second
25
posed side walls, a bottom, and a top cover, each panel
Stringer parallel to said first Stringer connected to said
>comprising a wall section having opposite sides and first
same side as said ñrst Stringer, said second Stringer being
and second opposed parallel edges and second and third
spaced inwardly from said second edge, each panel having
opposed parallel edges, a first narrow rectangular Stringer
a centrally disposed recess opening outwardly of said
connected to one side of each panel flush with said ñrst
edge, said first stringer having end portions projecting 30 second edge, whereby in the assembled condition of said
box, said top cover and bottomleach comprises a pair
outwardly with respect to said third and fourth edges, a
of panels having their second edges positioned contigu
second narrow and rectangular Stringer parallel to said
ously and their recesses in registry, with the stringers of
first Stringer connected to said same side as said first
the top cover and the stringers of the bottom projecting
Stringer, said second stringer being spaced inwardly from
said second edge, said second Stringer having end por 35 in a direction toward each other, each side wall compris
ing an upright panel with the stringers projecting out
>tions projecting outwardly from said third and fourth
wardly and with the recesses of said first opposed side
edges, each panel having a centrally disposed recess open
walls providing a space receiving said second stringers
ing outwardly of said second edge, whereby in the as
of said bottom panels, said second stringers of said second
sembled condition of said box, said top cover and bot
tom each comprises a pair of panels having their second 40 side walls being disposed on top of said first stringers
of said bottom panels, the first stringers of said cover
edges positioned contiguously and their recesses in reg
panels being disposed on top of said first stringers of
istry, with the stringers of the top cover and the stringers
said second side walls and said second stringers of said
of the bottom projecting in a direction toward each other,
cover panels having their projecting end portions sup
each side wall comprising an upright panel with the
stringers projecting outwardly and with the recesses of 45 ported on the first stringers of said first side walls, and
means for connecting said top cover, bottom, and side
said first opposed side walls providing a space receiving
walls in assembly.
said second stringers of said bottom panels, said second
4. A box assembly comprising a plurality of panels
stringers of said second side walls being disposed on top
forming upright ñrst opposed side walls and second op
of said first stringers of said bottom panels, the first
stringers of said cover panels being disposed on top of 50 posed side walls and each panel comprising a wall section
having opposite sides and ñrst and second opposed paral
said first stringers of said second side walls and said
lel edges and second and third opposed parallel edges, a
second stringers of said cover panels having their pro
first Stringer connected to one side of each panel flush
jecting end portions being supported on the first stringers
with said first edge, a second Stringer' parallel to said
of said first side walls, said first and second stringers
first Stringer connected to said same side as said first
of Said side walls having certain of their end portions
Stringer, said second Stringer being spaced inwardly from
overlapping in engagement with each other, and means
said second edge, each panel having a centrally disposed
for connecting said top cover, bottom, and side walls
recess opening outwardly-of said sec-ond edge, whereby in
¿in assembly.
The box can be easily and quickly assembled and need
merely be banded together in assembly as shovm. Lilie
` 2. A box assembly comprising a plurality of panels
the assembled condition of said box, said top cover com
,forming upright first opposed side walls and second op 60 prises a pair of panels havingtheir second edges posi
tioned contiguously and their recesses in registry, with
posed side walls, a bottom, and a top cover, each panel
the stringers of the bottom projecting in a direction toward
comprising a wall section having opposite sides and
each other, each side wall comprising an upright panel
first and second opposed parallel edges and second and
with the stringers projecting outwardly and with the re
third opposed parallel edges,V a first Stringer connected
to one side of each panel flush with said first edge, said 65 cesses of said first opposed side walls providing a space
first Stringer having end portions projecting outwardly
with respect to said third and fourth edges, a second
Stringer parallel toV said first Stringer connected to said
same side as said first Stringer, said second Stringer being
' spaced inwardly
from said vsecond edge, said second 70
Stringer having end portions projecting outwardly from
said third and fourth edges, each‘panel having a centrally
disposed recess opening outwardly'of said second edge,
receiving said second stringers of said bottom panels, said
second stringers of said second side walls being disposed
on top of said first stringers of said bottom panels, and
means for connecting said top cover, bottom, and side
walls in assembly.
i
5. A box assembly comprising a plurality of panels
forming first upright opposed side walls and second op
posed upright side walls, each panel comprising a wall
section having on one side first and second outwardly pro
whereby in the assembled condition of. said box, said top
jecting
stringers substantially parallel with respect to each
cover and bottom each comprises a pair of panels having 75
8,079,024
6
other, said panels having first and second opposed edge
posed edge portions, said first stringers being connected
portions and second and third opposed edge portions, said
iirst stringers being connected to said wall sections flush
and coextensive with the first edge portions, said second
to said wall sections adjacent the first edge portions, said
second stringers being spaced inwardly from said second
edge portions, each wall section having a centrally dis
stringers being spaced inwardly from said second edge 5 posed recess, said recess being disposed outwardly of the
portions, each wall section having a centrally disposed re
second Stringer and opening outwardly of said second
cess, said recess being disposed outwardly of the second
edge portions, a bottom for said box, said bottom com
Stringer and opening outwardly of said second edge por
prising a pair of panels having in assembled condition of
tions, a bottom for said box, said bottom comprising a
said box their second edge portions positioned in con
pair of panels having in assembled condition of said box
tiguous relation, the stringers of said panels projecting
their second edge portions positioned in contiguous rela
upwardly, said ñrst side walls having their recesses dis
tion with their recesses in registry to form a rectangular
posed over said second stringers of said bottom panel,
opening, the stringers of said panels projecting upwardly,
edges of said recesses engaging said stringers to restrain
said íirst side walls having their recesses disposed over
said first side walls against relative lateral displacement
said second stringers of said bottom panel, edges of said
with respect to said bottom, means for securing said panels
receses engaging said stringers to restrain said first side
wall against relative lateral displacement with respect
to »said bottom, means for securing said panels in assem
bly, and a top cover for said box, said cover including a
pair of panels.
6. A box assembly comprising a plurality of panels
forming first upright opposed side walls and second op
posed upright side walls, each panel comprising a wail
in assembly, and a top cover vfor said box, said cover
including a pair of panels.
8. A box assembly comprising a plurality of panels
forming first upright opposed side walls and second op
20 posed upright side walls, each panel comprising a wall
section having on one side íirst and second horizontally
spaced stringers, said panels having first and second op«
posed edge portions, said iirst stringers being connected
section having on one side first and second horizontally
to said wall sections adjacent the first edge portions, said
spaced outwardly projecting stringers, said panels having 25 second Stringer-s being spaced inwardly from said second
first and second opposed edge portions, said first stringers
edge portions, each wall section having a centrally dis
posed recess, said recess being disposed outwardly of the
second Stringer and opening outwardly of said second
ing spaced inwardly from said second edge portions, each
edge portions, a bottom for said box, said bottom coin
wall section having a centrally disposed recess, said recess 30 prising a pair of panels having in assembled condition
being disposed outwardly ofthe second Stringer and open
of said box their second edge portions positioned in
ing outwardly of said second edge portions, a bottom for
contiguous relation, the stringers of said panels project
said box, said lbottom comprising a pair of panels having
ing upwardly, said first side Walls having their recesses
in assembled condition of said box their second edge
disposed over said second stringers of said bottom panel,
portions positioned in contiguous relation with their re 35 edges of said recesses engaging said stringers to re
cesses in registry to form a rectangular opening, the
strain said first side walls against relative lateral displace
stringers of said panels projecting upwardly, said iirst
nient with respect to said bottom, and means for securing
being connected to said wall section fiush and coexten
sive with the first edge portions, said second stringers be
side walls having their recesses disposed over said second
said panels in assembly.
stringers of said bottom panel, edges of said recesses en
gaging said stringers to restrain said tirst side walls against 40
References Cited in the tile of this patent
relative lateral displacement with respect to said bottom,
UNITED STATES PATENTS
means for securing said panels in assembly, and a top
1,432,236
Cummings ____________ __ O‘ct. 17, 1922
cover for said box, said cover including a pair of panels.
2,728,478
Haner _______________ _.. Dec. 27, 1955
7. A box assembly comprising a plurality of panels
forming iirst upright opposed side walls and second op 45
posed upright side walls, each panel comprising a wall
section having on one side first and second horizontally
spaced stringers, said panels having iirst and second op~
FOREIGN PATENTS
666,117
Great Britain _________ __ Feb. 6, 1952
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