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Патент USA US3079222

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Feb. 26, 1963
H. FOUNTAIN ETAL
3,079,212
PUCKERING AND DECORATING FABRICS OR THE LIKE
Filed May 26, 1958
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
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L/OL“ ATTORNaE‘h
Feb. 26, 1963
H. FOUNTAIN ETAL
3,079,212
PUCKERING AND DECORATING FABRICS OR THE LIKE
Filed May 26. 1958 '
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
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TABLE OF ORGANIC ACID MODIFIERS
F'ORMIC ACID
ACETIC ACID
'
—_.|]F'l , 6
a
<
_
-
H - COOH
ens-coon
PROPIONIC ACID
CH5—CH7_- coon
N-BUTYRICACID
CH5-CH¢-CH1-'COOH
VALERIC ACID
ens-cu, -c|-|z - cu, - coon
CAPROIC ACID
CH3 - (cum - coon
CA PRYLIC ACID
CH5 —(cr-|1)6 - COOH
CAPRlC AClD
CH3 —(c\-|z)6 — cooH
LAUR|C ACID
cHg-(cH?w- COOH
MYRISTICACID
CH5-(CH2)n_ 'COOH
PALMITIC ACID
CH3-(CHzh4-COOH );
STEARIC ACID
CH3-(CH1)|6- COOH ‘
INVENTORY.
Hamid Faun
BYA KFW
4
4-‘
U: (,IbMMN (
ATTORNEY
3,079,212
United States Patent 0
Patented Feb. 26, 1963
1
2
3,079,212
soda), potassium hydroxide, or other shrinking agent to
certain parts of the goods, that is, cotton, acetate, rayon,
FABRECS OR THE LIKE
or other fabrics, so as to provide therein a crinkle, crepe
or plisse effect. This effect may or may not be removed
PUQKERENG AND DEQORATlNG
Harold Fountain and Adolf A. Fischer, Fall River, Mass,
nssignors to United Merchants and Manufacturers, Inc,
New York, N.Y., a corporation of Delaware
after washing, depending of course on the quality of the
fabric or garment. It is desirable, of course, that the
crepe or plisse effect he made permanent.
' According to the present invention, it is proposed to
produce a new article, namely, a nylon cloth in the piece,
Filed May 26, 1958, Ser. No. 737,628
15 Claims. (Cl. 8—114.S)
This invention relates in general to puckered or printed 10 that is, piece goods of nylon, which is characterized by a
combination plisse pucker and flock spots.
fabrics, and particularly to a ?ocked fabric or the like
Another object contemplated is a novel method of
which is characterized by a pucker or series of shrunken
simultaneously applying, in a single continuous operation,
portions in local areas only of the fabric. More espe
a shrinkage agent to selected areas only of a nylon fabric,
cially, the invention relates to ?ocked puckered fabrics in
which the pucker and flock occupy the same space or 15 and applying also in the same operation a deposit of
?ock ?bers. The ?ock may be made of viscose rayon,
spaces of the cloth.
acetate rayon, cotton, nylon, or any other ?ber, or com
‘One object of the present invention is a process for
bination of ?bers having the capacity of being anchored
simultaneously puckering and decorating nylon and other
as by an adhesive to the base fabric.
A considerable variety of shrinkage agents for nylon
in a predetermined pattern with an oil-modi?ed alkyd 20
already are known, such as, for example, di-hydric or tri
resin adhesive blended with a shrinkage agent for puck
hydric phenols. Speci?cally, such phenols as resorcinol
ering the fabric. The treated fabrics may be decorated
and catechol have been used together with other phenols
with ?ock ?bers, or otherwise, as hereinafter set forth.
for the purpose of producing pattern e?ects, such as a
Another object of the invention is to produce as a new
article of commercial manufacture a puckered and ?ocked 25 plisse, on nylon textile fabrics. (British Patent 544,821.)
In British Patent 562,555, formic acid, acetic acid, and
fabric or the like, made of or containing, for example,
mineral acids are disclosed as satisfactory creping agents
nylon or acetate or other ?bers adapted to shrink upon
for the production of creped and like effects in nylon and
the application of a solvent or swelling agent of the char
nylon-mixed goods.
acter hereinafter described.
For an illustration of contemporary ?ocking or ?ock
The term “nylon” as used herein, and in the claims 30
printing, reference may be made to Fountain’s patent,
following, means and is intended to mean a ?ber-form
fabrics, which includes the step of printing the fabric
U.S. 2,368,706, and especially FIG. 1 thereof which
ing linear polycarbonamide which has recurring amide
gives a schematic illustration of a method for depositing
groups as integral parts of the polymer chain. Another
?ock ?bers on a moving length of cloth in the piece
object of the present invention is a new method of simul
taneously shrinking only selected areas of a nylon or other 35 followed by a curing or setting interval before ?nal take
up or storage of the ?ocked goods. As the speci?cation
fabrics, for example, marquisettes or sheers, and applying
of Fountain’s patent (supra) sets forth, according to the
thereto, that is to the selected areas that are being shrunk,
process there disclosed the fabric, having been coated
a deposit of ?ock ?bers.
or printed with a suitable adhesive, is passed through
The terms “flock,” “?ock ?bers,” and “?ocking,” as re
40 a ?ock depositing zone or station at which ?ock is de
ferred to herein, comprehend the deposition or distribu
tion and ?xation of ?nely divided particles or fragmen
tary material upon a surface, usually in pattern form or
design arrangement. The particles so deposited are re
ferred to as flock and ordinarily comprise very short 45
cotton, rayon or wool ?bers, or other ?brous or ?lamen
tary material less than one-quarter of an inch in length;
livered onto the adhesive-treated fabric and thereby
caused to adhere to the adhesive in the areas of the cloth
that have been provided with the adhesive in the step
of printing.
,
Another example in the known art of ?ock printing is
shown in Fountain’s patent, U.S. 2,695,244. Therein, as
seen in FIG. 1 thereof, a moving length of textile fabric
often one thirty-second or one sixteenth of an inch. The
in the piece may have a composite design which is par,
diameter of the ?ock varies also, and usually is based
upon the functional requirements of its end uses. In the 50 tially printed, as by means of an engraved color printing
roller, and partially ?ocked, as by means of a cylindrical
textile industry flock is commonly applied for decorative
stencil adapted to deposit a flock adhesive on the cloth,
eifects to draperies, upholstery, print goods and dress
thereby completing the second part of the composite de
goods. The flock may be attached or af?xed to the sur
sign which is initially formed in color by means of the
face by ?rst applying to the material to be flocked a suit~
engraved color print roll.
able adhesive for the flock as by means of a rotary 55
It should be understood that the present invention con
stencil, printing cylinder roller, spray gun or silk screen,
templates the application of an adhesive composition for
and subsequently depositing the ?ock ?bers on the Wet
?ock which has a dual function, in that it incorporates or
adhesive with a so-called beater bar, which utilizes the
comprises a shrinkage agent for the nylon cloth so that
beating effect of a ?at sided bar rotating against the under
side of the sheet to be ?ocked. Alternatively, the ?ock 60 by one and the same means or composition there is ap~
plied thereto a material which will simultaneously func
may be applied electrostatically after the application of
tion as a shrinkage agent for the cloth and as an anchor
the adhesive to the surface of the material or web, by
or adhering agent for the ?ock which is to be subsequently
placing the adhesive carrying web in an electric ?eld
applied only to those areas of the cloth containing such
whereby the ?bers are oriented and deposited on the ad
composition.
'
hesive covered portions of the web surface.
65
It is to be further understood that according to the pres—
The terms “plisse” and “plisseing” are also well-known
ent invention the combination shrinkage agent and ad
in the textile industry, and concern the application of
hesive composition may be applied to the cloth by any
a shrinkage agent, for example, sodium hydroxide (caustic
conventional means including an engraved printing roll
3
3,079,212
4
and/or a cylindrical stencil. Examples of both of these
devices are illustrated in FIG. 1 of the above mentioned
patent to Fountain, U.S.P. 2,965,244. It is also feasible
to apply the composition of the present invention as by
parent, the present invention consists in the construction,
means of a flat rectangular stencil sometimes referred to
in the textile industry as a silk printing screen.
combination and arrangement of parts, all as hereinafter
more fully described, claimed, and illustrated in the ac~
An example of a flock printing adhesive composition
for anchoring the ?ock ?bers in a textile fabric is seen
by the solvent action of monobasic acids of the type here
inafter set forth.
With the above and other objects in view, as will be ap
companying drawings, wherein:
FIG. 1 is a plan view of one embodiment of the new
in USP. 2,311,850. As there explained, in the ?ock
products obtainable by means of the present invention,
printing process a textile cloth is coated or printed with 10 and comprises an open weave or marquisette type fabric
an adhesive in a pre-determined design, as, for example,
characterized by a pucker, plisse, or spot shrinking in iso
by employing a suitable stencil. The coated or printed
lated areas only of the cloth, said areas also comprising a
textile is then treated with ?ock which adheres to and then
deposit or permanent application of ?ock ?bers having a
becomes anchored in the adhesive, the adhesive in turn
loft structure, that is, a de?nite built-up layer of ?bers
becoming anchored in the textile or cloth. Subsequently, 15 protruding from at least the upper surface or" the treated
the ?ocked cloth is subjected to elevated temperatures
cloth;
and thus heated to set or dry the adhesive composition.
FIG. 2 is a sectional view, taken along the line 2-2 of
It is necessary for a de?nite thickness of the adhesive to
FIG. 1, of the puckered ?ocked fabric of FIG. 1 in which
be'built up above the surface of, the cloth, not only to
the puckering e?ect is seen in the manifestation or phe
cover the individual yarns thereof, but also to bridge across
nomenon that the portions of the base fabric surrounding
the spaces between the yarns.
This structure is com
the periphery of each ?ocked area or dot are raised or
monly referred to as “loft.” In this respect the process
lifted up out of the normal plane of the cloth whereby the
is differentiated from ordinary color printing of textiles,
characteristic puckering effect is obtained;
for in the latter it is only necessary to apply the color to
FIG. 3 is another plan view similar to FIG. 1 of a piece
the individual yarns or threads. As is further disclosed 25 of ?ocked and puckered nylon sheer cloth which of course
in the same patent (U.S.P. 2,311,850) a suitable adhesive
has, a tighter or closer Weave than has the marquisette of
?ock printing composition may comprise a permanently
?exible, oil-modi?ed, alkyd resin of the heat-convertible
type, dispersed in a volatile dispersion medium. Alkyd
FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a fourth example or embodiment of the type
of product obtainable by means of the present invention,
resins may be obtained by the reaction of a polybasic acid 30 and here the application of a shrinkage agent and the
such as phthalic acid with a polyhydric alcohol. Products
deposit of liock ?bers is in the form of small dots de
of this type of reaction are called alkyd resins; they are
posited upon a sheer fabric of a type of the same or
polyesters and considered ‘important resins and plastics.
similar to that of PEG. 3, the several dots being relatively
Thus an oil-modi?ed alkyd resin capable of being con
close to each other, and not as widely isolated as are the
verted or polymerized by heat to substantial insolubility, 35 larger dots of FIGS. 1 and 2 hereof;
infusibility, and flexibility may be obtained by reacting a
FIG. 5 is a schematic illustration of a range of appar
polyhydric alcohol with a dibasic carboxylic acid and a
atus adapted to carrying out the invention and includes,
fatty acid or mixture of fatty acids derived from a non
as there shown, a supply of cloth, means for passing the
drying or semi-drying oil.
_
cloth in open width form continuously through a treating
To facilitate the application of an oil-modi?ed alkyd 40 zone comprising a station at which the modi?ed binder
resin of the character above mentioned to the cloth, it is
composition described above for simultaneously shrink
necessary to disperse the same in a volatile dispersion
ing or puckering a cloth and adhering the ?ock thereto,
medium such as a volatile solvent, or water, or a mixture
thereof, such dispersion medium being eliminated subse
quently when the ?ocked fabric is heated to cure or in
‘solubilize the adhesive resin composition.
According to the present invention, an oil-modi?ed
alkyd resin of the character mentioned above is blended
with a medium comprising a shrinkage agent for nylon
‘cloth, whereby the oil-modi?ed alkyd resin composition
thus altered by the addition of the shrinkage agent there
to, serves not only to anchor the ?ock ?bers in the nylon
cloth, but also, and concomitantly, to shrink the same
portions of the cloth, that is, those areas thereof to which
the altered adhesive composition has been applied.
‘It has been found that by incorporating a volatile
monobasic organic acid in an oil-modi?ed alkyd resin
adhesive for ?ock, new products may be obtained by
simultaneously ?ocking and puckering fabrics to which
‘such a composition is applied. The acid component acts
to shrink or pucker the cloth, While the resin adhesive
is deposited upon the moving cloth by roller printing
means, by means of a cylindrical stencil, or otherwise;
and further includes a ?ock depositing zone situated
beyond the adhesive or hinder applying zone or station,
and a ?nal curing and wind-up area; and
FIG. 6 comprises a table setting forth the respective
common names and formulas of a number of speci?c
compounds, to wit: volatile monobasic organic acid modi
?ers, all of which may be incorporated as the shrinkage
or puckering agent in the present oil-modi?ed alkyd
resin ?ock adhesive composition, it being understood,
however, that the preferred puckering or shrinkage agent
is the lowest molecular weight member in the group, to
wit, formic or methanoic acid.
While it is true, as stated above, that the application
of phenols and formic acids to nylon fabrics to shrink
or Pucker the same in selected areas is known; and while
it is also known to apply a deposit of ?ock in the form
of a design to nylon and other fabrics, it is nevertheless
anchors the ?ock ?bers to the spots or dots where the
believed to be new to pucker or spot shrink nylon mar
puckering occurs. The preferred acid is formic acid. The
quisettes and sheers, and at the same time adhesively
preferred types of fabrics are nylon marquisettes and
secure deposits of ?ock ?bers to the spots or local areas
sheers. It should be understood, however, that the pres
where the shrinkage has taken place or is taking place.
ent invention is not limited in its application to fabrics
It has been considered that formic acid, speci?cally, and
made of or containing nylon ?bers. On the contrary,
in general, volatile monobasic organic acids, are incom
compositions made up according to this invention may
patible with the oil-modi?ed resins used as binders or
be applied to every ?ber which can be affected by solvent
adhesive agents in the flocking industry, for the introduc
action of monobasic acids. For example, fabrics made
70 tion of an acid substance or composition into the resin
of or containing acetate ?bers may also be puckered and
printing emulsion tends to neutralize the oil modi?er or
simultaneously ?ocked with one and the same modi?ed
other components thereof.
?ock adhesive composition, but in such case variations in
plain Why it has not been known to incorporate formic
formula strength or concentration would be necessary.
or other volatile monobasic organic acids in the adhesive
or binder compositions that are used in the ?ocking in‘
Other ?bers, too, in addition to acetate may be affected
This factor may tend to ex
8,079,212
5
6
dustry. It has now been found, however, that by modify
ing the binder or adhesive and incorporating in the print
Formula C-for Colors Only
gm.
AL~54 alkyd (tall-oil alkyd) ________________ __ 2,400
ing mixture any emulsifying agent, e.g. one of a pro
teinaceous nature such as casein glue, the normal or
ordinary incompatibility existing between formic and
other volatile monobasic organic acids in respect of oil
modi?ed alkyd resins is not encountered, whereby nylon
sheers and marquisette fabrics have been successfully
Cabo-si1(silica-gel) _________________________ __
'175
Titanium-dioxide
250
__________________________ _._
Casco glue (casein) ________________________ __
75
Bentone 34 ________________________________ __
150
Midland drier (1/3 of 6% cobalt naphthanate, and
puckered and permanently flocked in one and the same
continuous operation. Examples of other suitable emul 10
sifying agents, in addition to casein, are triethanolamine,
oleic acid, glycol and glycol derivatives such as poly
We of 24% lead naphthanate) ______________ __
Xylol
(xylene) ____________________________ ..
145
174
3,369
ethylene glycol mono-laurate.
For blue: Mix 750 gm. Formula C with 6 gm. of a 45%
With the above and other objects in view, the present
‘Monastal blue pigment grind.
modified printing binder paste or adhesive emulsion may
For green: Mix 7 50 gm. Formular C with 4 gm. of a 70%
be formulated by mixing together in a can, vat, or other
. medium chrome yellow pigment grind and 8 gm. of a
large container the emulsion components comprising the
45% Monastral green pigment grind.
adhesive binder or oil-modi?ed alkyd resin, a hydrophobic
For pink: Mix 750 gm. Formula C with a 6 gm. of 40%
agent such as silica-gel, an acid resistant pigment such
India Red pigment (naphthol pigment) and with 2 gm.
as titanium-dioxide, the emulsifying agent such as Casgo 20
of a 60% Rex Orange pigment grind which is a mix
glue, a hydrophilic pigment such as Bentone 34, a naph
ture of lead and Molybdtanum chromates.
thanate drier for the oil in the oil-modi?ed alkyd resin,
and xylenes or dimethyl benzenes such as Xylol which is
Sample No. 1: 150 gm. ‘Formula B is diluted with 20
a non-polar solvent for the oil component in the oil-modi
ml. (cc.) Xylol plus 50 cc. of an 85% formic acid solu
?ed resin binder. All of the foregoing components are 25 tion (balance water). That results in an acid content of
mixed together in a common vat to a viscosity of ap
26.4% by weight or 23.2% by volume.
proximately 2000 seconds per 100 revolutions based on
Sample No. 2: 150 gm. Formula B is again diluted
a 1000 gram weight on the Stormer viscosimeter, after
with 30 cc. (ml.) Xylol plus 75 cc. of the 85% formic
which the mix is put through an ordinary grinder or
acid solution. That results in a formic acid content of
grinding mill. Subsequently, the ground mix is diluted 30 36.9% byvweight or 33.4% by volume.
with more Xylol, and the acid such as formic acid is add
Sample No. 3: 150 gm. Formula B is again diluted
ed. The acid is poured slowly into a high speed color
with 35 cc. (ml.) Xylol and 100 cc. formic acid of 85%
mixer, and the mixing is continued until the solution or
concentration. Result 40.0% by weight acid content or
emulsion reaches a viscosity within the range of 20 to 100
seconds per 100 revolutions based or calculated on a 500 35
gram weight of the Stormer viscosimeter. The formula
35.6% by volume.
Blue sample: 150 gm. of Formula C blue is diluted
with 35 cc. Xylol and 30 cc. of formic acid (85 % con
centration) which gives a total of 210 grams. Also re
sults in an acid content of 16.5% by weight and 14.8%
or emulsion is then of a thixotropic nature and the com
position is ready for application in the usual manner as
by stencil or engraved printing roller or by the silk screen
by volume. This printing paste was printed in the form
method. The quantity or concentration of acid added 40 of a large square spot pattern or design.
to the binder emulsion may be within a range of from
Now, 190 gms. of the above paste were diluted with 15
about 10% to about 50% by weight, and of course will
cc. Xylol and 35 cc. of formic acid (85 % concentration)
vary according to the di?erent types of patterns and the
which resulted in a 33.8% by weight acid concentration
nature and construction of the fabrics to which such acid
or 30.0% by volume concentration. That was printed on
a comma or dot-like pattern.
treating emulsions are applied. As will also be evident,
the type of ?nish to which the material has been pre
Green sample: 150 gm. Formula C green were diluted
viously subjected will effect the quantum of acid re
with 45 cc. Xylol and 40 cc. formic (85 % concentration)
resulting in 230 gm. This comprised a 20.2% by weight
quired; the less ?nish there is on the fabric, the less acid
acid concentration formic or 17.3% by volume. This
need be used.
It should be pointed out as being of considerable in 50 paste was printed on the fabric in the form of the large
terest that according to the present invention no wet after
squares.
treatment of the puckered and flocked fabrics is required,
Them 225 gm. of the above printing paste was added to
30 cc. Xylol and 40 cc. of the formic (85% concentra
since the formic acid or other volatile monobasic organic
acid that is incorporated in the binding mixture or ad
tion) which resulted in a concentration of 36.5% by
hesive for the flock is driven o?, that is, evaporated under 55 weight and 30.0% by volume of acid. This paste was
printed on the comma or dot-like pattern.
normal operating conditions, that is while the cloth
Pink sample: 150 gm. Formula C pink were diluted
passes through the heated curing oven, following the ap
with 45 cc. Xylol plus 50 cc. of formic (85 % concentra
plication of the printing adhesive mixture or emulsion
tion) giving a total of 242 gms. and a concentration of
to the goods.
24.0% by weight or 20.8% by volume. This paste was
Typical formulations for carrying out several embodi—
printed on the big squares.
ments of the present invention were made up as follows:
Then 227 gm. of the above printing paste was added to
Formula B-—f0r White Only
30 cc. Xylol and 50 cc. formic (85% concentration).
That resulted in a 43.3% by Weight formic acid concen—
Gm.
AL-54 Alkyd (tall-oil alkyd) _______________ __ 2400 65 tration or 37.1% by volume concentration. This paste
Cabo-sil (silica-gel) _______________________ __
125
Titanium-dioxide __________________________ __
500
Casco-glue (casein) _______________________ __
75
Bentone 34 ______________________________ __
150
Midland drier (Vs of 6% cobalt naphthanate
and 2A; of 24% lead naphthanate) __________ __
145
Xylol (xylene) ___________________________ __
120
was printed on the fabric in the form of the comma
design.
70
Glossary for Components of Formulas B and C (Supra)
AL 54~Tall-oil modi?ed alkyd resin marketed by Car
penter & Morton of Everett, Mass.
Cabo-Sil-Silica-gel sold by Godfrey L. Cabot of Boston,
Mass.
'Gasgo glue--Comprises the protein casein and is made
3,515 75 by the Borden Company of Long Island City, N.Y.
3,079,212
S
shrinkage agent above described for simultaneously form
ing the desired pucker in the cloth. After the cloth 19
Bentone 34—ls' a product resulting from cation exchange
reactions between organic bases and beutonite or its
clay mineral component, montrnorillonite. It is a
passes over the engraved printing roll 21 and/or the
cylindrical stencil 22, and while the modi?ed adhesive
and'is sold by the National Lead Company of New An there applied is still wet, it is passed in one continuous
operation through a ?ocking zone 23, 2d where ?ock may
be applied to one or both sides of the cloth 19. Upon
Midland drier-Is an aqueous solution made up of one
emerging from the ?ocking zone 23, 24, the binder or
part of 6% cobalt naphthanate, and 2 parts of 24%
adhesive composition is set or cured by passing the cloth
of lead naphthanate, which is used by the Midland
Print Works of Fall River, Mass.
10 it’? through a festoon or other heated drier 25 wherein
the volatile acid shrinking agent is evaporated off so that
Xylol—l's a product marketed by lisso Corporation of
no after-wet treatment is necessary. Upon leaving the
New Jersey. It comprises dimethyl benzenes, ortho,
drier 25, the cloth 19 which is now not only ?ocked but
para, and/or meta, and these benzenes are commonly
also puckered, the puckered portions thereof being co
referred to as Xylenes.
extensive with the ?ock deposits thereon, may be rolled
FIGS. 1 to 4 inclusive hereof illustrate the application
up on a storage reel 26 or otherwise disposed of.
of the present invention to marquisette fabrics and sheer
Thus, the present invention contemplates the application
fabrics of nylon, and as there seen such application is
of ?ock and a modi?ed adhesive therefor in the customary
characterized by a plurality of ?ock deposits, each one
way to nylon cloth in the piece, preferably of the mar
of which overlies or coincides with a Pucker or pinched
quisette open weave type, or the more closely woven
thickening agent for non-polar organic solvent systems
Jersey.
'
‘
'
portion of the fabric. As is apparent in FIG. 1, the 20' sheer type. However, the adhesive printing composition,
marquisettc weave of the nylon fabric 10, there shown,
paste or emulsion normally used is modi?ed by the addi
is made of a so-calied open weave in which the several
species de?ned ‘by the crossings of the warp threads 11
and ?lling threads 12 appear to be relatively large. The
?ock deposits 13 may be of any desired size or shape,
and may be uniformly spaced from each or otherwise
and arranged in any motif or pattern that may be re
quired.
tion thereto of a shrinkage agent, to wit, formic acid or
25,
'
The purpose of illustrating in FIG. 2 a section of the
marquisette cloth shown in plan in. FIG. 1 is to make
apparent the results of the shrinkage agent, that is the
30
some other volatile monobasic organic acid, and said
printing paste or emulsion composition is further modi?ed
by incorporating therein another substance or agent which
serves the function of making the normally incompatible
formic or other acid compatible with the oil-modi?ed
alkyd resin which is the prime adhesive component used
in anchoring the ?ock to the cloth.
In the present case, it has been found that a protein
aceous substance, preferably casein, for example, in the
formic or other volatile monobasic organic acid, on the
form of Casco glue sold by the Borden Co. of Long Island
base cloth ‘or fabric to which it has been applied. Thus,
City, N.Y., is a suitable compatibility modi?er, as above
as seen in PEG. 2, it being understood that the acid forms 35 described. By using such modi?er, in the manner here
a component modifying part of the adhesive for the flock
tofore set forth, the formic or other volatile monobasic
which is printed on the cloth before the ?ock is applied
organic acid is rendered compatible with the oil-modi?ed
thereto, the outer edge or periphery of each ?ock, dot,
alkyd resin. Furthermore, ‘as previously stated, because
or portion 14 is surrounded by a puckered or pinched
the normal incompatibility of the acid and the oil-modi?ed
segment 15 of shrunken cloth which gives the ?ocked 40 alkyd resin is eliminated, it has been possible to make a
fabric its characteristic puckered or creped or plisse'd
new product according to the present invention by uti
effect. It will also be noted from FIG. 2 that the flock
lizing the above described composition, the new product
deposit may be applied to both sides of the fabric 10
being characterized by puckered areas and ?ocked por~
although, if desired, it may be limited or restricted to one
tions which are co-extensive with each other, that is,
side only thereof, as for example, the upper surface 16
which occupy the same portions of the fabric.
to. U!
of the cloth 1!}.
In FIG. 6 there appears a table of volatile monobasic
FIG. 3 illustrates the application of the invention to a
organic acids, any one or more of which may be incor~
nylon fabric of closer weave, that is, what might be
porated in the adhesive or binder for the ?ock. It should
termed a nylon sheer fabric 17.
be mentioned, however, that the preferred monobasic
Moreover, in FIG. 4 the ?ock dots 18 of the nylon 50 acid is formic (methenoic) acid having the formula
sheer fabric 17 are considerably smaller in size and are
H~COOH. it has been found that acetic acid and
much closer to each other, but here again it must be
propionic acid are less e?ective for purposes of the pres
understood that the shape and size of the ?ocked portions
of the sheer fabric 17 is a matter of choice, as is also the
color thereof, and all of these factors may be varied at
will as may be considered necessary or desirable.
ent invention than is formic acid, but nevertheless are
more effective in that regard than the other longer chain
monobasic organic acids set forth in the table of FIG. 6.
While the foregoing description of the present inven
In FIG. 5, as previously mentioned, there is illustrated
a rather schematic range or assembly of apparatus adapted
tion emphasizes the simultaneous puckering and flocking
fabric, the plisse and ‘?ocked portions being co-extensive
hesive in the form of a dot, spot, or other pattern, and
of nylon and other solvent sensitive fabrics, it should be
for applying the principles of the instant invention. It
understood that the same invention also contemplates the
may be mentioned here that there is no new machinery
60 puckering of some fabrics which receive no deposit of
involved in the present proposals'wherein novelty is con
?ock at all, as will be explained. For example, the cloth
sidered to reside in a new product, viz. a plissed ?ocked
may receive merely a deposit of the modi?ed resin ad
with each other, and a new modi?ed binder composition
without the subsequent application of ?ock to the adhesive
comprising a volatile monobasic organic acid incorporated
65 coated areas or pattern. For example, metallic ?gures of
in the flock adhesive. However, to give some idea of the
bronze or other metal, or combination thereof may be su-b~
conventional means whereby ?ock may be applied accord
stituted for the ?ock ?bers, and printed on the cloth in any
ing to the tenor hereof, and as indicated in FIG. 5, the
desired motif. Another example within the scope of the
?ocking assembly should include a source of supply of
present invention is the application of foils such as alu
nylon marquisette or sheer 19 which is adapted to be 70 minum foil, or ground-up Christmas tree ball stock in
moved as by rollers 2t} or otherwise into a roller printing
zone having either an engraved printing roll 21 or a
?ock is simply omitted, or is replaced by some other
cylindrical apertured stencil roll 22, or both, for laying
material, the adhesive composition is modi?ed by the
down in the form of any desired design a modi?ed ad
incorporation therein of a volatile monobasic organic acid
stead of ?ock. In all of such cases, that is whether the
hesive for the ?ock, which adhesive incorporates the 75 of the character described. As a result, the base cloth
3,079,212
if)
or printed fabric is simultaneously puckered and printed
binder, silica-gel as a hydrophobic agent, titanium-dioxide
or otherwise decorated in the same areas.
as an acid resistant pigment, casein as an emulsifying
What is claimed is:
1. A ?ocked and puckered fabric wherein the ?ocked
‘and puckered areas are co-extensive.
2. A puckered fabric ?ock printed with a design over
lying the puckered portions thereof.
3. Nylon fabric further characterized by spaced puckers
agent, a bentonite hydrophilic pigment, a naphthanate
drier for the resin *binder, a xylene as a non-polar solvent
for the oil of the oil-modi?ed resin, forming acid, and a
coloring composition.
12. Process of ?ock printing which comprises applying
flock to a textile printed in a predetermined design with
an adhesive composition comprising an emulsifying agent
and a ?ock printed design overlying at least the puckers
of said design.
10 selected from the class of emulsifying agents consisting
4. Nylon marquisette fabric further characterized by
of casein, tri-ethanolamine, oleic acid, glycol, and glycol
spaced puckers and a ?ock printed design overlying at
derivatives, and a permanently ?exible oil-modi?ed alkyd
least the puckers of said design.
resin of the heat convertible type dispersed in a volatile
5. Nylon sheer fabric further characterized by spaced
dispersion medium and blended with a volatile monobasic
puckers and a ?ock printed design overlying at least the
organic acid puckering agent, and heating the ?ock printed
puckers of said design.
textile to eliminate the dispersion medium and heat set the
6. Adhesive composition for simultaneously puckering
and anchoring ?ock to nylon fabric comprising a mono
resin, while permitting the puckering agent to pucker said
textile.
basic volatile organic acid puckering agent, an oil-modi?ed
13. Process of simultaneously puckering and decorating
alkyd resin adhesive agent, and glue.
20 fabrics which includes the step of printing the fabric in a
7. Adhesive composition for simultaneously puckering
predetermined pattern with a composition comprising an
and anchoring ?ock to nylon fabric comprising a formic
emulsifying agent selected from the class of emulsifying
acid puckering agent, an oil-modi?ed alkyd resin adhesive
agents consisting of casein, tri-ethanolamine, oleic acid,
agent, and casein.
glycol, and glycol derivatives, and a permanently ?exible
8. Adhesive composition for simultaneously puckering 25 oil-modi?ed alkyd resin adhesive of the heat convertible
and anchoring ?ock to nylon fabric comprising a formic
acid puckering agent, an oil-modi?ed alkyd resin adhesive
agent, and a proteinaceous substance.
9. Adhesive composition for puckering and ?ock print
ing nylon fabrics comprising an oil-modi?ed alkyd resin 30
binder, silica-gel as a hydrophobic agent, titanium-dioxide
as an acid resistant pigment, casein as an emulsifying
agent, a bentonite hydrophilic pigment, a naphtlianate
drier for the resin binder, and a xylene as non-polar
solvent for the oil of the oil-modi?ed resin.
35
10. Adhesive composition for puckering and ?ock
printing nylon fabrics comprising an oil-modi?ed alkyd
resin binder, silica-gel as a hydrophobic agent titanium
dioxide as an acid resistant pigment, casein as an emulsi
fying agent, a bentonite hydrophilic pigment, a naph
thanate drier for the resin binder, a xylene as a non
polar solvent for the oil of the oil-modi?ed resin, and
formic acid.
11. Adhesive composition for puckering and flock print 45
ing nylon fabrics comprising an oil-modi?ed alkyd resin
type, dispersed in a volatile dispersion medium and blend
ed with a volatile mono-basic organic acid puckering agent
for said fabric.
14. The process of claim 13 wherein the monobasic
organic acid is formic acid.
15. The process of claim 13 in which the monobasic
organic acid is acetic acid.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
2,182,321
2,217,113
2,221,232
2,311,850
2,368,706
Rivat _______________ __ Dec. 5,
Hardy _______________ __ Oct. 8,
Clavel et al ___________ __ Nov. 12,
Mantell _____________ __ Feb. 23,
Fountain ____________ __ Feb. 6,
1939
1940
1940
1943
1945
2,687,384
Weisberg ___________ __ Aug. 24, 1954
2,695,244
2,774,126
Fountain ____________ __ Nov. 23, 1954
Secrist _______________ __ Dec. 18, 1956
2,900,278
2,907,721
Power et a1. _________ __ Aug. 18, 1959
Auer __________________ __ Oct. 6, 1959
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