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Патент USA US3079624

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March 5, 1963
L. K. JACKSON
3,079,614
SLIDEHOUT SOFA-DIVAN
Filed 001.. 6, 1960
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTOR.
LESLIE K. JACKSON
BY
I
March 5, 1963
L. K. JACKSON
3,079,614
SLIDE-OUT SOFA-DIVAN
Filed Oct. 6, 1960
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
4
F'IG.3
l»
-
INVENTOR.
LESLIE K. JACKSON
'
ATTYS.
March 5, 1963
L. K. JACKSON
3,079,614
SLIDE-OUT SOFA-DIVAN
Filed 001;- 6, 1960
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
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INVENTOR.
LESLIE K. JACKSON
AT T YS.
United States PatentG?hce
1
2
means thereon removed for clarity, the extended position
of the movable frame being indicated in dotted lines;
3,079,614
SLIDE-OUT SOFArDIVAN
Leslie K. Jackson, Bay Vtnage, Ohimassig'nor toh'li‘he
FIG. 2 is a front elevation of the sofa-divan of FIG. 1;
:FIG. 3 ‘is a side elevation of the sofa-divan of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 and FIG. -5 are fragmentary vertical sections
taken on lines 4-4 and 5—5, respectively, of FIG. 1;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged fragmentary section through the
mr'vard Manufacturing Company, Cleveland‘, (Fir-i0,
a corporation of Ohio
3,@79,5M
Patented Mar. 5, 1963
_
Filed Oct. 6, 1960, Ser. No. 60,893
2 Claims. '(Cl. 5-17)
v?xed and movable portions of the frame means of the
The present invention relates to slide-out divans and to
sofa-divan with parts being broken away for clarity;
other furniture ‘and’ bed constructions, and especially
FIGS. 7 and 8 are vertical sections taken on lines 7—7
relates to a novel rollerfcarriage unit for association and
and 8-8, respectively, of FIG. 6;
provision of a movable frame means-in sofa-divans, beds
FIG. 9 is an enlarged plan of the intermediate member
in the roller carriage means for supporting the movable
and other vsimilar units,
At the present time, there is increased use being made
of multi-purpose beds,_-sofas, divans, sofa-divans, and the
like. Thus, in many instances, these furniture units are
used as vdivans for seats in the daytime, ‘but with the divan
being adjustable so that a portion of the divan can be
moved out with relation to the remainder of the divan so
frame;
15
HG. 1-0 is a vertical section taken on line Iii-10 of
FI_G.;9;
FIG. 11 is a fragmentary vertical section taken on line
11—11 of FIG. 10; and
FIG. 12 is an end elevation of the novel slide carriage
that the unit can function as a single bed, or in some 20 unit of the invention, as applied to a double bed.
instances as a double bed, when desired.
In forming these multi-purpose furniture 'units, it is
When referring to corresponding members shown in the
drawings and referred to in the speci?cation, correspond
ing numerals are used to facilitate comparison therebe
necessary that asturdy frame means be present in the unit
on which the movable frame is well supported for limited,
tween.
but conveniently available slide-out, or pull-out action to 25
The present invention, in general, relates to the provi
adjust the unitlfor other use. This multi-purpose unit at
sion in a bedframe, sofa-divan, or the like, of a stationary
the same time must be of uncomplicated design and be
frame, a movable frame and means securing the movable
adapted to have a long service life with no maintenance
frame to the stationary frame for movement from a super’
thereon.
imposed relation to a cantilever relation thereto, which
The general object'of the present invention is to provide 30 securing means includes pairs of parallel, inverted, V
a novel slide-out sofa, divan, or the like characterized by
shaped angles secured to each of the frames and posi
the provision therein of a roller supported movable frame
tioned in nested relation with the angles on the other
in the unit having limited sliding movement with relation
frame; and roller carriage means including ?oating, ‘in
to a stationary portion of the frame to change the unit
verted V-shaped roller angles positioned intermediate
from one intended use over to another use, or function.
said angles secured to the frames, and roller members
Another object of the invention is to provide a novel
journalled on the roller angles for load support and trans
roller-carriage in an article of furniture of the type de
fer action between the frame angles.
scribed and wherein the roller-carriage is made from a
Reference now is made to the details of the structure
plurality of inverted angles with roller support means
shown in the accompanying drawings, and a sofa-divan
being positioned on a ?oating angle intermediate the top
of the invention is indicated as a whole by the numeral 1.
and bottom angles in the slide assembly.
The sofa-divan 1 includes a stationary frame 2 having
Another object of the invention is to provide a novel and
a plurality of support legs 3 and suitable boister means
improved slide unit in a sofa, divan or the like and where
4 may be secured to and be supported on the stationary
the slide carriage uses apair of inverted V-shaped angles
frame 2, as by means of bolster supports 5. FIG. 2 and
and with stop means being associated with the movable
FIG. 3 of the drawings both bring out the fact that the
carriage and support means for the angles to aid in limit
bolster means 4 are positioned above and spaced from
ing movement thereof on the main frame, and Where the
the other elements in the stationary frame 2 and a
roller means are positioned in the slide carriage in a novel
movable frame 6 is provided in the sofa-divan and is
manner.
slidingly supported thereon by suitable means. Hence,
A further object of the invention is to provide a novel
the movable frame, as hereinafter described, can be pulled
siide unit adapted for use with both single and double
forwardly of the sofa-divan to extend from the stationary
beds and Where a pair of the slide units can be carried on
frame 2 as a cantilever, and with the movable frame being
a-stationary bedframe and be movable laterally thereof
whereby individual sleeping units can be provided on a
movable back into a substantially superimposed relation
ship to other portions of the stationary frame when de
double bed and with such individual units being readily
separated from each other for facilitating making up the
beds and with the movable units effectively counterbalanc
able frame 6 should be longer than the stationary frame
2, asis best shown in FIG. 2, and the support legs 3 are
ing each other when in use.
Another object of the invention is to provide a novel ‘and
improved lineal bearing assembly .including'a free ?oating
bearing carriage made from an angularly formed strip
containing bearings in each of its ‘angularly opposed
sired, as indicated in FIGS. 1 and 3. Normally the mov
recessed from the margins of the sofa~divan. This mov
able frame 6, as shown in FIG. 6, includes a front rail
7, ‘and a rear rail 8. Normally the front rail 7 has
a downwardly extending leg and a horizontal leg 7a and
7b1thereon, respectively, while the rear rail 8 has an up
surfaces.
The foregoing and other objects and advantages of the
invention will be made more apparent as the speci?cation
wardly extending leg 8a and a horizontally extending leg
principles of the invention and'with the spring cushioning
tially inverted V-shaped angles positioned in nested rela~
812.
It is a feature of the invention that novel and improved
support means have been provided for positioning the
proceeds.
’
movable frame ti on the stationary frame 2 for conven
Attention now is particularly directed to the accompany
ient, readily controlled movement therebetween from a
ing drawings wherein currently preferred embodiments of
divan, or seating position to an extended, or sleeping
the invention are'shown and wherein:
I
7
70 position. These means are ‘shown in ?gures, such as
FIG. 1 is a plan view'of a sofa-divan embodying the
FIGS. 4, 5, 6 and 9, and include a plurality of substan
3,979,814
3
Ytionship with each other. The supports, or support
*means for ‘the movable frame 6 include at least two sup
3'port
9 suitably secured and extending from front
‘to rear of the stationary frame 2 in parallel relation to
it other. PEG. 6 of the d.awings best brings out that
‘the stationary frame may be made from angle means with
horizontal legs 2:: and dependent, or downwardly extend
ing legs 25, as shown, and that the angles 9 are attached
to the legs 2a by welding or by bolting through a mount
ing plate 2.9 welded to the leg extremities of the angles 9.
The movable frame 6 has a pair of supported angles 10
secured through and extending between the front and
rear rails 7 and 8 of the movable frame in properly spaced
5.
frame 2' which bridges over each of the support angles
9 thereon to operatively position the roller angles 18.
and supported angles 1% in operative engagement with
such support angles. The U-bolt or equivalent member
24- is also used to attach the support angle 9 to the front
rail 2a through the mounting plate 29. Adjacent the.
rear ends of each of the support angles 9, a similar U
bolt 25 is secured over the nested angle assembly and is
retained ?xedly in engagement with the support angle 9,
as by means of a cross bar or plate 26 extending under
and ?xedly secured to the lower edge of the support angle
9. The position of the U-bolt 25 from the rear member
of the stationary frame 2 will limit the outward move
ment of the movable frame member 6, by providing a
relationship for. nesting engagement with the support
angles 9. -hese supported angles 10 are shown secured 15 stop against which the carrier plate 16 will abut. A
to the movable frame by means of downwardly extending
brackets 12 and 13. FIG. 6 best shows these brackets 12
slight clearance between the U-bolt 25 and the exterior
surface of the supported angle 18 is provided to permit
movement thereb‘etween during the reciprocating motion
and 13 and that the bracket 12 is secured to the horizontal
of the movable frame member 6. At the extreme out
leg 71: of the front rail and extends downwardly there
from to be attached, for example, by a bolt 14, to a stop 20 ward position‘ of frame member 6, the U-bolt 25, in con
tact with the supported angle 10, supports the frame mem
plate 15 secured, as by welding, to the front end of each
ber 6 against tipping and provides a stable cantilever
of the supported angles 10. The bracket i3 likewise is
structure. However, the U-bolts 24 are slightly larger
welded to the lower surface of the horizontal leg 2b of
in a vertical direction than the roller assembly whereby
the rear rail of the movable frame and extends down
wardlytherefrom to be, for example, bolted to the carrier 25 a limited lifting movement is permitted for the front end
of the movable frame 6 when starting to pull the movable
plate 16 which is welded to and extends transversely of
the supported angle 1%) at the rear end thereof.
Such
frame 6 out to a cantilever relationship with the station- '
ary frame 2.
Such limited vertical movement of the
movable frame 6 permits lock ?ngers 28 that are secured
rear open end of the supported angle it) but permits for 30 to the supported angle 10 to be lifted up over the mount
ing plates 29 positioned on the stationary frame 2 when
ward movement thereof, as hereinafter described.
the movable frame is pulled out from its retracted posi
Naturally, the bracket 12 and the stop plate 15, or the
tion. When retracting the movable frame, the lock ?ngers
bracket 13 and carrier plate 16 may be formed as single
28 will ride up over the lock plates 29 and drop behind
angle brackets with the downwardly extending leg of
the rear bracket notched out, as at 17, and welded to 35 them to be effectively retained in retracted position, as
carrier plate 16 is provided with a V-shaped notch 17
"so that such carrier plate 15 does not extend across the
the supported angle 1%}. The horizontal leg of the angle
long as no forward movement thereof is needed.
bracket may also be provided with bolt holes for attach
ment to the horizontal legs 7b and 8b of the movable
frame 6.
Associated with the support angle 9 is a stop plate 35
to arrest the'roller angles 18 which ?oat horizontally be
tion to position the movable frame 6 for convenient, read‘
both legs of the roller angles to furnish effective resist
ance against downward and sideward forces. Such cylins
drical rollers have been found to be particularly effective
tween this stop plate and the stop plate 15.
It will be realized that any suitable number of the '
As a feature of the invention, a novel and improved 40
rollers 19 may be used and that they are provided on
‘roller carriage ‘assembly is provided by the present inven
.ily controlled, sliding action on the stationary frame 2.
Such roller carriage includes a roller angle 18 freely, or
hoatingly positioned intermediate each of the pairs of
‘support angles and supported angles with all of such
in providing smooth support for the movable carriage.
It also will be noted that the roller angle 18 may be of
lighter gage than the other angles.
7
angles normally being of the same size and contour for
*FIG. 12 shows a modi?ed use of the slide-out or roller
convenient nesting engagement therebetween. These
carriage means of the invention, as applied to a bed
roller angles each carry a plurality of rollers 19. In
order to position these rollers 19 on the roller angles 18, 50 frame. Thus a double bed 30 of substantially conven
tional construction is provided and it includes a pair of
a plurality of slots or openings 29 are formed in the
longitudinally spaced cross rails 31, only one of which
roller angles and with the rollers 19 being in such slots.
is shown in the drawings, and with suitable longitudinal
The rollers I? are of a diameter as to protrude both ver
ly extending or side rails (not shown) also being pro
tically upwardly and downwardly from the associated
support surfaces of the roller angles 18. These rollers 55 vided in the bedframe’?i. In extra width beds it is quite
possible'a center support member would be applied to
are suitably journalled on pins or shafts 21 that are se
the center of the frame. In all events, the bedframe 30
cured to the roller angles by special means thereon. For
is a suitable support member of sufficient width to ac
example, the pins 21 are very effectively secured to the
commodate two twin-bed spring and mattress assemblies
roller angles 13 by stamping, or punching portions of
‘the roller angles adjacent the slots 20 in opposite direc 60 arranged side by side While each half of the support
member is adapted to have a pair of the roller carriage
tions. Thus a pair of integral, upwardly extending re
or movable carriage units 33, similar to the movable car
tainer bars or straps 22 are formed in each leg of the
riage and frame means 6 of the other ?gures'of the draw?
roller angles 18 adjacent each of the slots 20 and a pair
ings, operably associated therewith. Such movable car
of downwardly extending straps 23 are formed in each leg
riage units would comprise the three nested angles and as
of the roller angles and integrally therewith. The straps
22 and 23 are arranged so that the pins 21 are ?rmly
positioned to 3'ournal the rollers 19 with their longitudinal
axes extending normal to the longitudinal axes of the
roller angles 18; The lower ends of the pins 21 may bear
sociated means as previously described. Each of the cross
rails 31 would have a center stop plate 32 provided thereon
and these movable carriage units 33 would be attached
to and associated with the cross rails 31 on opposite sides
against marginal portions of the strap openings or slots 70 of the stop plates 32. - Thus any suitable spring and
to prevent axial movement of the pins.
3
The supported angles and roller "angles of the inven
mattress means 34 can be carried by the movable car
riages 33 and be moved laterally outwardly of the bed—
frame 39, when desired. The movable carriages 33 can
be separated when the beds are to be made, andrthe
member 24», S¢Cured to the front rail 2a of the stationary 75 movable carriages can be either retained in their adjacent
tion are restricted in their vertical movement with rela
tion to each other, as by means of a U-bolt, or equivalent
3,079,614
5
positions for sleeping action, or else be pulled laterally
outwardly of the bed when desired. The movable car
riages 33 will effectively counterbalance each other when
pulled out to extended, cantilever sleep positions.
However, the cross rails 31, FIG. 12, may be of in
verted V-shape in section to form the lower members in
the movable carriage assembly, if desired.
From the forgoing, it will be see
that the slide car
6
frame, a movable frame, and means securing said mova
ble frame to said stationary frame for movement from a
superimposed relation to a cantilever relation thereto;
said means including an angularly formed center angle
having a pair of diverging legs, cylindrical bearing means
operatively positioned on each leg of said center angle
and protruding vertically therefrom, axially extending
support shafts rotatably positioning said bearing means
riage means in the divan, or other article of the invention
thereon and secured to said center angle, top and bottom
can be readily moved from a seating position out to an 10 angles of the same general shape as said center angle in
extended sleeping position, or that separating movement
nested engagement with said center angle and contacting
of twin sleeping units can be obtained. The slide car
said bearing means for load support therethrough, one of
riage and mociated means are of novel construction and
said top and bottom angles being attached to each one of
of good operative properties. Hence the objects of the
said frames to connect said frames and provide relative
invention are believed to be achieved.
15 movement th-erebetween, and means secured to said bot
While two complete embodiments of the invention
tom angle and extending around said center and top
have been disclosed herein, it will be appreciated that
angles to control relative vertical movement therebe
modi?cation of these particular embodiments of the in
tween, said movable frame moving from front to rear of
vention may be resorted to without departing from the
the stationary frame, said securing means comprising a
scope of the invention as de?ned in the appended claims. 20 member engaging said nested angles adjacent the rear
What is claimed is:
ends of said angles and secured to said stationary frame,
1. in a lineal bearing assembly for reciprocating oper
and a second member engaging said nested angles ad
ation between a lower stationary frame and an upper
jacent the front of said stationary frame, said second
movable frame, bearing assembly means securing said
movable frame to said stationary frame for movement
from a superimposed relation to a cantilever relation
thereto; said bearing assembly means including pairs of
parallel inverted V-shaped angles secured to each of said
frames and nested with the angles on the other frame,
member retaining said nested angles in engagement but
permitting limited vertical movement upwardly of said
movable frame at its front edge, and stop means carried
by said movable frame and extending downwardly there—
of to engage, slide over and lock behind a front portion
of said stationary frame when said movable frame is re
roller carriage means including ?oating inverted V 30 tracted.
sllaped roller angles having a pair of diverging legs posi
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
tioned intermediate said angles secured to said frames,
each leg of said roller angles having a series of spaced
UNITED STATES PATENTS
slots formed therein within the margins thereof, sup
206,648
Tucker ______________ __ July 30,
port pins secured at both ends to a leg of said roller 35
angles and extending across said slots formed therein,
cylindrical roller members journalled on said support
pins for load support and transmission between said
frame angles, said roller members extending both up
wardly and downwardly beyond said roller angles to 40
engage both of said frame angles, a pair of clamp means
of different size secured to spaced portions of one of said
angles and extending around said roller angle and the
other of said angles to limit relative vertical movement
therebetween but to permit more of such movement at
one of said clamp means than at the other, and means
operatively associated with said bearing assembly to limit
544,630
2,370,851
2,548,570
2,614,022
2,624,094
2,695,821
2,747,943
2,762,660
2,906,395
2,937,384
2,943,333
2,959,210
1878
1895
1945
1951
1952
1953
1954
1956
1956
1959
1960
1960
1960
FOREIGN PATENTS
movement thereof in both directions.
2. In a bedframe, sofa-divan or the like, a stationary
Scherer _____________ _._ Aug. 13,
Eppenstein ___________ __ Mar. 6,
Udd ________________ __ Apr. 10,
Kurtzon _____________ __ Oct. 14,
Smith ________________ _._ Ian. 6,
Crumling ___________ __ Nov. 30,
Metcalf _____________ __ May 28,
Bullock _____________ __ Sept. 11,
Greer ______________ __ Sept. 29,
Possum _____________ __ May 24,
Blocker et al. __________ __ July 5,
Pearlstine ____________ __ Nov, 8,
725,645
Germany ____________ __ Sept. 30, 1942
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