close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US3079716

код для вставки
March 5, 1963 v
w. R. HAYES
3,079,706
MODEL STRUCTURE
Filed March 23, 1959
5 Sheets-Sheet J.
\
A
ORNEY
March 5, 1963
W. R- HAYES
3,079,706
MODEL STRUCTURE
Filed March 25, 1959
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
1" IIHHH. i5
'1”
[llww'
22/241
"HHH
W177 1
LLHMHI
1749.6.
INVENTOR
I/V/LL/AIM R/v/m/ES
‘ éY/zwzd 42“;
March 5, 1963
w. R. HAYES
3,079,706
MODEL STRUCTURE
Filed March 25, 1959
5 Sheets-Sheet 5
413
12;. m.
INVENTOR
W/z 4/4/14 /F. 5/4 YES
BY
2 :
ATO/ZNEY
Fatented Mar. 5, 39%3
Z
building-like structure is constituted of ?ve di?lerent types
3,079,766
MQDEL STRUCTURE
William R. Hayes, 583 W. 215th St, New York, N.Y.
Filed Mar. 23, 1959, E-Ser. No. 891,342
of wall members 3-5. In the rear portion of the
structure of FIG. 1 wall members 1 having heights of 8"
7 Claims. (Cl. 35-16)
several of the internal walls. In connection with the
mention of dimensions and the relative relationship of
parts throughout this description, it should be understood
that these are intended as approximately and substantially
the dimensions and the relationships, even though such
a quali?cation may not in each instance be expressly
and lengths of 12" form the exterior walls as well as
The present invention relates to members which may
be arranged in different con?gurations in simulation of
buildings or the like.
According to the invention, wall members may be
arranged into scaled down versions of a variety of struc
stated.
A wall member 2 having a height equal to the
tures, including public and commercial buildings, as well
as dwelling houses. Reduced-sized facsimiles of the lat
height of the ?rst-mentioned wall member 1 is arranged
part of a package or kit. In addition, an adult or child
height which is less thn the height of the previously-dis
parallel to the side walls of the structure and forms the
ter include such styles as the ranch and split level types.
partition for two of the rear rooms; its length is equal
All of these building-like structures may be assembled 15 to its height, i.e., 8".
according to ?oor plans or layout drawings, supplied as
The remaining wall members 3-—5 are of uniform
using the wall members may select through his own in
cussed wall members l, 2. More speci?cally, wall mem
genuity other arrangements to bring about building-like
bers 3-5, which form the forward portion of the struc—
structures of his own selection.
20 ture, have a height of 3%”. Their lengths, vary, as do
Gne object of the present invention is to provide wall
the lengths of wall members i, 2, to permit the ready as
members which may be arranged in simulation of build
sembly of a variety of structures, such as the one shown
ings or the like.
in FIG. 1. As will be discussed more fully hereinafter,
A further object of the present invention is to provide
the wall members l_5 are, in e?ect, containers since
scaled down facsimiles of building-like structures.
N) they are open at the bottom.
A still further object of the present invention is to pro
The exterior side wall of the room 7 in the right-hand
vide an improved type of miniature building structures for
portion of the structure is formed v 1th a wall member
the use, enjoyment and education of children.
3 having a length of i2". The forward exterior wall is
Another object of the present invention is to provide
provided on the right side by wall members 4, having a
wall members which may be arranged successively in a 30 length of 8", and on the left side by wall members 5 hav
variety of buildinglike structures, thereby giving rise to
ing a length of 5". As will be noted from FIG. 1, these
?exibility.
wall members 3—-5 are also utilized elsewhere in the
Another object of the present invention is to provide a
structure to form wall members.
simple device for architects, industrial designers, en
The structure of FIG. 1 in simulation of a home is
gineers and the like in selecting or testing out proposed ar
suitably proportioned into a variety of rooms. Across
rangements of building-like structures, including without
the rear extending from left to right are the following
limitation parts thereof such as o?ce space and as
rooms with their approxhnate sizes, the left-to-right di
sembly or shop areas of factories.
mensions being speci?ed ?rst: bedroom, 12" X 11%”;
A still further object of the present invention is to
dining room, 11" X 111/2"; kitchen, 71/2" x 111/2", and
provide equipment or parts for a relatively small facsimile
a garage, 6” X 8". A bathroom, 71/2" X 91/2”, is located
of building-like structures which are easy and inexpensive
in front of the previously-mentioned bedroom, with two
to manufacture and which require relatively little space
wall
members 5 forming the walls between these rooms.
during storage and shipment.
in front of the bathroom is another bedroom e, 15" x 12",
Many other objects, uses and advantages of the inven
and in front of the kitchen is a living room "I, 16" X 141/2 ”.
tion will become apparent as the following description is
The maximum dimensions of the device of FIG. 1 is
read in conjunction with the drawings.
39" X 32%".
In the drawings:
The spaces between the wall members 1-5 of the
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a preferred em
various rooms is in simulation of doorways and some of
bodiment of the present invention.
these with their approximate dimensions are of par
FIGURE 2 is a perspective view of a component part
50 ticular interest. For example, with regard to the living
of the device of FIG. 1.
room 7, its exterior doorway is 3", its doorway to the
FIGURE 3 is a perspective view of another compo
rear of the room 7, i.e., adjacent the kitchen, is 6" and
nent part of the device of FIG. 1.
its remaining doorway on the left of 1“he room 7 is 21/2".
FIGURE 4 is a view in elevation taken along line 4—-4
An exit doorway 8 of 3" opens from the kitchen to the
of FIG. 1.
rear of the house.
55
FIGURE 5, which is partly cut away, is a perspective
It has been found preferable to use a thickness of 3/8"
View of a component part or" the device of FIG. 1.
for all wall members 1~5. This thickness is especially
FIGURE 6, which is partly cut away, is an end View
effective from the standpoint of eye appeal, permits ready
in elevation of the device of FIG. 1.
manipulation
of wall members 1—5 and provides ade
FIGURE 7 is a partial edge view in elevation of the
rear portion of the cover or roof member of the device 60 quate stability without adding to the bulk of the struc
ture. Of course, for some applications variations in the
of FIG. 1.
thickness
may be advisable to meet particular conditions.
FIGURE 8, which is partly cut away, is a perspective
For simplicity herein, the dimensions of the rooms and
view of another embodiment of the present invention.
doorways have been calculated as though the wall thick
FIGURE 9 is a perspective view of a component par
l
of the device of FIG. 8.
'
FIGURE 10 is an elevation in cross section of a com
ponent part of the device of FIG. 8.
Corresponding and like parts are referred to in the
ness were 1/2"; consequently, the size of the rooms and
doorways are somewhat larger than indicated.
As will be discussed more fully hereinafter, many dif
ferent types of structures, including houses, may be con
structed from the same or approximately the same number
following description and indicated in all views of the
70 of wall members. The structure of HG. l is only one of
drawing by the same reference characters.
many possible arrangements. While the wall members
Referring to FIGS. 1—7, a reduced-sized facsimle of a
1—5 are intrinsically suitable for providing great ?exi
8,079,706
3
4
height of the rafter 20 is 5%" and its minimum height
bility, one aspect of the location of members 1-5 is
deserving of notice. It will be noted that the forward
wall of the front bedroom 6 is formed of three Wall
members 5, with each end 9, 10 of. this wall combination
abutting the side wall members 4. As an alternative
structural arrangement these wall members 5 could
be positioned so that their ends 9, 10 were exposed by
%".
A cover for at least a portion of the structure is pro
vided by cover or roof members 26 formed as a sheet,
which rest upon the rafters 20 and which are prevented
from sliding to the rear by stops 27. The side edge of
the roof members 26 is formed with extensions 28 which
have their upper surface in a plane parallel to the lower
surface of the roof members 26, to lend support to the
having wall members 4 abut against their sides. This,
in turn would change the dimensions of the bedroom 6
10 adjacent roof members 26.
to 14" x 121/2".
I
A further cover or roof extension members 34 formed
as a sheet projects from and are supported by roof mem
Additional ?exibility in the variety of design which may
be accomplished is illustratable by considering wall mem
bers 4, which have a length of 8" and a height of 3%".
ers 26. Joining and supporting members 29, provided
by roof members 26, have a forwardly extending arm
be positioned on its side edge so that a wall section of 15 36 and a raised portion member 31; the latter cooperates
By rotating wall member 4 through 90 degrees it may
3%” in length results. It will then be particularly useful
in a portion of the structure where a wall height of 8"
is desired; its height will correspond with those of Wall
members 1, 2.
To support and position the wall members 1-5, an 20
chors or channels 11 are employed, the details of their
construction being shown with special clarity in FIG. 2.
A horizontal strip 12 has at each of its sides vertical strips
13 arranged at right angles thereto to form a trough for
with the joining and supporting member 32 in roof ex
tension member 34 to position and secure the roof ex~
tension member 34. Joining and supporting members 32
have depressions 33 to accommodate the raised portion
members 31. The roof extension member 34 is posi
tioned at an angle with respect to roof member 26.
The upper surfaces of the roof members 26, 34 are
provided with a simulated shingling effect.
The width of the sheets or roof members 26 is 13%",
accommodating the lower portion of the wall members 25 with the extension 28 accounting for the 1A”, and their
lengths are 14" exclusive of the projecting portion of the
1—5. Thus, the foundation anchor 11 is generally U
arm 30. The width of the roof members 26, 34 is taken
shaped in cross section. Internally-directed projections
as the dimension extending from left-to-right in the struc
14 are arranged at the upper portions of the side strips
ture of FIG. 1. The stop 27 is positioned 2" from the
13 for cooperating with the grooves 15 of the wall mem
30 end of the roof members 26. The roof extension mem
bers 1-—5, as shown especially in FIG. 3.
bers 34 are formed with an extension similar to exten
A foot 16 extends from the side of the foundation
sion 28 for guiding, positioning and supporting adjacent
anchor 11, having a cut out or notch 17. A thumb tack
roof extension members 34. The roof member 34 has
a width similar to the roof members 26 and a length’
from its uppermost point to its forward end of 3". The
18 may be inserted in the notch 17, if desired, to provide
the foot 16 and anchor 11 with additional rigidity, there
by increasing the stability of wall members 1—5.
thickness of both roof members 26, 34 is 1&4" and they
both have a generally right angle parallelepiped con
The lower surfaces of the horizontal strip 12 and the
foot 16 lie in the same plane. The length of the anchor
?guration.
11 is 4", its height 1/2" and its internal Width %" plus
a fraction to provide a tolerance.
The wall members 1-—-5, the anchors 11, the rafters 20
The foot 16 has a
Width of l" where it contacts the vertical strip 11 and 4.0 and the roof members 26, 34 are preferably made of a
plastic material which is durable, sturdy and somewhat
extends 11/2" to 2" laterally thereof.
?exible.
'
Carpet 19 having a nap of 1A" to 1/2" lies at the base
Referring to FIGS. 6 and 7, a bracket 35 projects from
of the wall members 1—5 and covers the ?oor area be
one of the joining and supporting members 30 to accom
tween them. With the foot 16 of each anchor 11 extend
ing toward the interior of the structure. the carpet 19 45 modate a double electric light socket 36 and its asso
ciated electric cord 38 for energizing the bulbs 37. The
rests on each foot 16, thereby adding weight or mass to
bracket 35 may be of plastic, which is formed as an in
the foot 16. This, in turn, lends additional stabilitv to
tegral part of the arm 30, or of metal.
thehwall members 1—5. Also, the foot 16 is hidden from
‘
The building-like structure of FIG. 1 is assembled by
following a ?oor plan or layout diagram which is sub
stantially similar to a plan view with the various sized
wall members 1-5 for each section of wall clearly in
dicated- Any smooth, ?at surface su?icient to accom
sig t.
Referring to FIGS. 1, 3 and 4, a support member 2%
having an upper portion 21 generally triangular in shape
and a lower portion 22 formed as an inverted U-shaped
con?guration in cross section, which serves to position
modate the overall area of the desired structure may be
and support the rafter 20 on top of Wall members 1. 2.
Internally-directed projections 23 on the lower portion 55 employed. A bridge table having dimensions of approxi
mately 29”): 29" frequently has been found convenient
22 cooperate with grooves 24 on the upper portion of
the wall members 1, 2 to provide a clamp 25.
As will be seen perhaps most clearly in FIG. 3, al
though the wall members 1——5 are open at the bottom,
their top and side edges are closed. Both the internal
and external surfaces of the sides of wall members 1--5
are smooth, with their sides having a thickness of ap
proximately %4" so that each member 1—-5 forms an
enclosure or container. The thickness of the top and
side edges of these members 1—5 is generally similar
to the thickness of their sides.
The wall members 1-5 have a substantially rightang'le
parallelepiped con?guration as will be seen perhaps most
clearly by reference to FIGS. 1 and 3.
The rafterz? has a length of l0",_ with the clamp 25
projecting down about 1/2" and recessed from the ends
about 1'’. The internal dimensions of the clamp 25 are
suitable for cooperating with the top portion of the wall
members 1, 2. Including the clamp. 25, the maximum
for this purpose.
Simultaneously with the positioning of the individual
wall members 1-5, the anchors 11 may be set in place
60
with their internally-directed projections‘ 14 cooperating
with the grooves 24 of the wall members 1—5. The dc‘
sign of the particular structure generally permits the.
anchor 11 to be located at the approximate center of the
wall members 1-5. However, in the event that the design
65 calls for another wall member to abut the ?rst wall mem
her in the vicinity of its center portion, the anchor 11,. .
if desired, may be located elsewhere along the length of
wall members 1-5. Also, at the option of the user the
anchor 11 may be positioned at the juncture of two
70 adjacent and similarly directed wall members‘1—-5 so that
the anchor 11 concurrently supports and positions two
wall members 1——5. Referring to FIG. 1, such anar
rangement is shown in connection with the right side wall‘
of the forward bedroom 6.,
75
Relatively larged-sized piecesv of carpet. 19 may be.'
5
cut to ?t the various rooms and halls by applying a sharp
instrument to the back thereof. Carpeting of the wall
position. in addition, this permits a more realistic and
natural view of the rooms, i.e., from the side rather than
from above.
to-wall variety has been found especially effective for this
purpose. Of course, the floor covering 1“ may be of
some material other than a fabric type of carpeting. For
example, it may be deemed preferable to use linoleum in
certain rooms, such as the kitchen and perhaps the bath
room, although fabric carpeting has becon e increasingly
popular for this latter room.
marily for the use of children, it has been found advisable
to maintain the depth of the structure, i.e., the front to
back dimension of the device of FIG. 1, at about 32".
This enables the child, especially with the stepped down
support members or rafters 2i) on top of wall members
1, 2 which are located in the rear portion of the struc
ture. The projections 23 on the clamp 25 may be snap
ped into the grooves 24 on the wall members 1, 2. The
roof sections 26 are laid on rafters 29 with the stop 27
tions as well as in the forward portions of the structure.
in general, the device of PEG. 1 may be said, as far as
chil ren are concerned, to have a marked playability.
The device of FIG. 1 may be used by adults in a variety
preventing the sections 26 from sliding off. The roof
lilte may readily test out proposed structures
For applications of the present invention intended pri
heights of wall members 3-—5, to reach conveniently
The roof assembly may be positioned by placing the 10 across the rooms and make adjustments in the rear por
'
extension sections 34 are attached to the roof extension
Architects, industrial designers, engi
For example, industrial engineers hav
sections 26 by the cooperation of the joining members
29, 32..
'
H (In»
The electric socket 36 may be arranged on
more concrete conception of how
bracket 35.
‘It is contemplated that in substantially all instances
function in practice.
Sometimes
ed out only to find that in opera
the equipment of FIG. 1 will be sold in an unassembled
form. The wall members 1—5 and associated parts are
'on exp cred results do not materialize. By employing
‘
all readily adaptable for economy packaging. In addi
tion, the relatively light weight of the wall members 1-5’,
the roof members 2-5, 34 and other parts simpli?es and
reduces the cost of handling, storage and shipment of the
'
i
ention such pitfalls may be minimized or avoided.
to save considerable time and to avoid costly
errors in making the selection of a home suitable to their
package or kit.
Another important aspect of the present invention is
the innumerable designs or structures which may be made
from the same parts. The package or kit, which includes
;.eal estate brokers and salesmen and others interested
romoting the construction and use of buildings will
the invention helpful for demonstrations as Well as
a number of sample floor ‘ lans or layout drawings, is
constituted of a sutiicient number of the various parts
advertising displays. interior decorators may pro?tably
to correspond with the maximum number required. For
example, in some designs eight rather than seven of the
ally, ior testing out their conceptions.
Possible modi?cations in the structure of FIGS. 1—7
will immediately come to mind. By way of illustration
'
largest wall members i are speci?ed. if desired, the lay
c invention for similar purposes and, addition
out diagrams may be drawn to scale, i.e., with dimensions
a few or these
be indicated. The projection 14} on
equal to the dimensions of the wall members i—5 per
the sides 13 of the anchor H and the projection 23 on
mitting them to be positioned directly on the diagram.
the ole
of the rafter 2% might be omitted. The
By putting together different types of structures or 4.0 rafter 2:19 could be open at its top where it abuts roof
houses, a child gains insight into the arrangement of rooms
member 7 and, if ‘e :'red, closed at its bottom edge.
with respect to each other, discovering that for a par
A further support for the roof members 26 could be
ticular application one may be more suitable than an
ined with a rod of 1A.” stock, which could extend
other. A child, in experimenting to determine the best
from the left to the right side of the structure of PEG. 1
locations of and the preferred size or" the various rooms,
rest in a notch in the slanting edge of the upper por
acquires a fundamental understanding of basic problems
tion 21 of the rafters 28. Thus, the rod would act as a
JhlCl'l will be useful in later life. Accordingly, the pres
cross beam upon which the roof sections 26 would addi
ent invention may be utilized as a toy having considerable
tionally res . if desired, the rod could be cut in lengths
educational value.
of say ll)”, with one end of the rod formed with a re
While it is contemplated that originally simulated struc
tures, including houses, will be constructed according to
the layout drawings, in time even a child Will depart from
the limitations implicit in these and evolve different
designs.
The relative proportions of t 2: various parts of the de
vice of KG. 1 are e?ective for simulating building-like
structures.
The size of the parts permits their ready
manipulation and at the same time provides a suiiiciently
large model to make its structural variations easily ascer
tainable to the user. in addition, the use of wall members
1-5 having a height scaled one inch to the foot permits
the utilization with the device of PEG. 1 of currently
marketed furniture, which is scaled approximately in the
50
duced diameter portion and the opposite end formed with
a cooperating up are. The individual sections could
thus be joined to form a rod of appreciable length.
The joining and supporting member 29 could have its
arm
and its raised portion 31 formed separately and
joined to the roof member as by means of a screw pass
ing through suitably aligned apertures. If desired, the
raised portion member 31 could be countersunk. In a
somewhat similar manner the roof member 26 could be
secured to the rafter
The anchor 13. could be provided with ridges along
its bottom strip 12. extending at right angles to the major
of the anchor is and spaced lengthwise at about 1”
apart. Cooperating notches could then be provided along
the bottom edges of wall members 1—5.
same proportions. Life-like forms, such as currently
available dolls ranging in height from live to seven inches,
The Well me nbers l.—5 could be formed in two parts
may also be used. As has been indicated, tie wall mem
and joined along tieir edges, with the width of each edge
bers 3-—~5 in the forward portion of the structure have a
being 556" instead of 3/8". The two parts could be joi ed
height of 3%". The height of a great deal of min. re
by having projections slightly larger than a semi-circle
furniture, such as chairs, television sets, sofas and the like,
is less. Even when such items are arranged on the carpet 70 spaced at intervals of 1/2” for cooperating with notches
19, they will not jut above the shorter wall members 3-45.
in the other part. in the alternative, each part could be
By maintaining the heights of the wall members 5—5
formed with such projections spaced 1" apart and with
in the forward portion of the structure at about half the
such notches located between the projections. In both
height of the tall wall members 1, 2, all its rooms may be
of these suggested arrangements, the two parts could be
viewed simultaneously without assuming an awkward
snapped together to form the wall members 1-5. If de
3,079,705
before in connection with the device of FIGS. 1-7, are
applicable with regard to the structure of FIGS. 8-10.
sired, the two part could be of different colors. To facili
tate the joining or snapping together of the two parts,
guides integral with the roof members 1-5 might be
used.
Referring to FIGS. 8-10, another embodiment of the
' The wall members 39—41 may have their external
sides or exterior portion colored rose, white or yellow.
In addition, the use of paper 43 having a printed, colored
design, such as Con-Tact, permits the addition of dilfer
present invention has a variety of containers or wall mem
bers 39-41. In the rear portion of the device of FIG. 8,
ent colors, as well as interesting designs, to the structure
are positioned wall members 39, having a height of and
of FIG. 8.
.
Both children and adults will have an opportunity to
explore color relationships and associate them with dif
ferent structural arrangements, including rooms of various
sizes. Psychologists have determined that color has im
portant effects upon the behavoir and performance of
a length of 8". A part of both the left and the right slde
of the front room as well as its forward side are formed
by wall members 49, which have a length equal to wall
members 39 and a height of 3%”. A portion of the
right side Wall of the forward room is formed with wall
individuals. Also, the combining of colors in pleasing,
member 41, which has the same height as wall members
49 and has a length of 5". The partition between the
two rooms which extend along the left side of the struc
ture is formed of two wall members 41, which have their
constrasting and clashing hues may be investigated with
the device of FIG. 8. These factors greatly enhance its
serviceability and especially provide children with equip
ment to stimulate their interest in and to expand their
adjacent edges touching. Wall members 49, 41 are lo
knowledge of applications of different colors. This aspect
cated in the forward portion of the device of FIG. 8.
of
the present invention adds to its educational value.
20?
The carpet or ?oor covering 19 is located between and at
Of course, the Wall members 1—5 of FIGS. 1-8 may
the base of Wall members 39-41.
similarly be of colored plastic and, if desired, paper or
The containers or wall members 39-41 are formed of
?lm 43, such as Con-Tact, may be employed. It will also
cardboard boxes which have a thickness of 3A2" and are
be appreciated that the floor plan used for FIG. 8 could
formed of sturdy, durable cardboard material having a
be made with three of the wall members 1-—5 of the device
thickness of .025". Each box or wall member 39—-41 is 25
of FIG. 1.
T o obtain the appearance of windows, it is possible to
use with the devices of FIGS. 1 and 8 adhesive backed
paper or plastic of suitable size and with an appropriate
formed on each end with an end ?ap 44 and two side
?aps 45. The end flap 44 is scored 46 for easy bending
at a distance relatively equal to the thickness of the con
tainers 39—41 and has an end portion 47 projecting
beyond the scoring line 46 for a distance of about twice 30 design.
For economy the wall members 39-41 may be shipped
the thickness of the box 36-41. The wall members
and stored in a ?at condition. The user may supply the
39-41 have a generally right angle parallelepiped con
?guration.
The containers or wall members 39—41 are ?lled with
~ substance 42 which increases the stability of the wall
members 39—41. Thus, a small package or kit may be
a substance 42, which is preferably dry, for about one
quarter to one-third of their heights. A substance 42,
such as rice, pebbles, beans, or sand, has been found
suitable for this purpose. The ?aps 44, 45 provide a
material tight seal. Based upon testing it is deemed ad
visable not to ?ll the boxes 39—41 beyond one-third of
their heights; such an arrangement leads to a lower center
of gravity and permits the wall members 39-41 to stand
upright more readily.
The boxes or wall members 39 are provided with a
scoring line 48 on both of their sides at a heightcorre
sponding to the height of the wall members 40, 41. A.
utilized to merchandise the component parts.
Possible modifications in the structure of FIGS. 8-10
will immediately be apparent.
By way of illustration,
clamps, such as the anchors 11, may be used with or’
without the substance 42. If anchors, such as anchors 11,
are used with the substance 42, the anchors, either with
or without their internally directed projections, will more
securely clamp the wall members 39-41. A roof struc
ture generally similar to the roof members 26, 34 with
the rafters 29 could be incorporated into the device. Some
of the wall members 319-41 could be made smaller so
that they could slip inside one another. For example,
'wall member 40 could be fabricated with a reduced width
paper or plastic ?lm covers the lower portion downward
and thickness enabling it to be introduced into the side
from the scoring line 48. This paper or ?lm 43 may be
of wall member 39, thereby providing a variable length
pasted on with glue or come prepared with an adhesive
backing. The paper 43 also covers wall members 46, 41. 50 wall member. The thickness of wall members 39—41
could be modi?ed. For example, containers or boxes .
In addition to covering the sides of the wall members
having a thickness of 1A” are not unduly bulky.
39—41, it extends along the bottom edges and the side
If, as hereinbefore described, anchors are usedv with
edges. The paper or ?lm 43 adds rigidity by reenforcing
wall members 39-41 having a substance 42 therein, the
Wall members 39—41 and a?ords sealing action for the
substance 42 will provide an additional body and ?rmness
55
substance 42.
to the lower portion of wall members 39-41 upon which
Con-Tact, a registered trademark of Monsanto Chemi
the anchors may exert their clamping action.
cal Company, has been found effective for this purpose.
Although there has been disclosed several desirable‘
Con-Tact is a ?exible vinyl ?lm printed with a design on
embodiments of the invention by way of example, it is
one side.
On the other side there is a pressure sensitive
adhesive to which adheres a strippable paper backing.
The device of FIG. 8 may be assembled by ?lling the
wall members 39-41 with a substance 42 to the indicated
height, by preparing and applying the paper or plastic
?lm 43 and by arranging wall members 39-41 according
to a layout drawing into the device of FIG. 8. The ?oor
covering or carpet 19 may be prepared and arranged at
the base of wall members 39—41.
Even though only three sizes of wall members lid-41
are used, innumerable structures may be made from the
sarne or approximately the same number of parts. Ac
cordingly, this embodiment of the invention manifests the
same ?exibility vin potential designs which is inherent in
the device of FIG. 1. All the considerations, including the
‘ advantages andpossible uses, which were discussed herein- 75
to be understood that the invention is not to be limitedto
the precise arrangements disclosed, but that'any equivalent
arrangement falling within the scope of the appended
claims is to be considered as a part of this invention.
Having thus described my invention, I claim
'
1. An article of manufacture comprising a plurality
of ?rst wall members of substantially uniform height,
a plurality of second wall members of substantially uni
form height less than the heights of said ?rst wall mem
bers, said wall members being arrangeable to form the
walls of a model structure, said ?rst wall members being
positionable in the rear portion of said structure said
second wall members being positionable in the forward
portion of said structure, each of said ?rst and second
wall members having a substantially right angle paral
lelepiped con?guration and having two large integrally
3,079,7oe
1%
9
formed external surfaces with said surfaces extending to
the edges of each of said ?rst and second wall members
and meeting said edges substantially at right angles in
cross section, and a covering with a pressure sensitive
members having lengths in excess of their heights, some
of said second Wall members having lengths approxi
mately twice their height, others of said second wall
members having lengths slightly greater than their heights,
adhesive backing, said backing of said covering being ad
both said ?rst and second Wall members having a thick
hesively attachable to a part of said external surfaces,
ness less than a tenth of said uniform height of said ?rst
each of said ?rst and second wall members being formed
wall members, and a plurality of anchors positionable
of a cardboard box having an end flap scored at a dis
at the lower edge of said wall members and having a
tance approximately equal to the thickness of said box
bottom strip and two side strips formed substantially in
and extending therefrom a distance greater than one and 10 a U~shaped con?guration, and a foot substantially in
one-half times said thickness, said ?rst wall member
the same plane as said bottom strip extending beyond
having a thickness less than one-tenth of said ?rst wall
and approximately at right angles to one of said strips,
member.
the distance between said side strips being at least as
2. An article of manufacture comprising a plurality
great as said thickness of said ?rst and second Wall mem
of cardboard wall members having a substantially right
angle parallelepiped shaped and arrangeable to form a
model structure, a plurality of anchors positionable at the
lower edges of said members, said anchors having a bot
tom strip and two side strips, the internal surfaces of
said side strips meeting the internal surface of said bottom
strip substantially at right angles, the internal distance
between said side strips being approximately the thickness
of said members, said anchors being capable of support~
ing said members in upright positions, and a covering
bers, the length of said anchors being less than the length
of said wall members.
6. An article of manufacture comprising a plurality
of ?rst wall members, a plurality of second wall mem
bers, said ?rst and second wall members being made of
plastic and being positionable to form successively the
a thickness less than one-tenth of said height, said mem
bers having an end ?ap scored at a distance approxi
mately equal to said thickness of said members and ex
walls of a plurality of structures, the heights of said
?rst wall members being scaled approximately one inch
to the foot of said structures, the heights of said second
wall members being less than the heights of said ?rst
Wall members, said ?rst wall members being positionable
to form the rear portion of said structures, said second
wall members being positionable to form the forward
portion ‘of said structures, a plurality of plastic anchors
being generally U-shaped in cross section and having a.
foot projecting from one side thereof, a plastic support
member having its upper portion formed in a generally
with a pressure sensitive adhesive backing, said backing
of said covering being adhesivcly attachable to a part of
the external surfaces of said wall members, said wall
members having a substantially uniform height and having
tending therefrom a distance greater than one and one
triangular shape and having its lower portion formed in
half times said thickness.
3. An article of manufacture comprising a plurality
of ?rst cardboard containers havin0 substantially similar
cross section in a generally inverted U-s‘naped clamp,
said support member being positionable to rest on the
upper edge of one of said ?rst Wall members, and a plastic
heights, a plurality of second cardboard containers having
substantially similar heights and less than the heights
sheet positionable on said support member to form a cover
over at least one of said wall members.
of said ?rst containers, said ?rst and second cardboard
7. An article of manufacture as de?ned in claim 6,
containers having a generally right angle parallelepiped
form and being positionable to form successively the walls
of a plurality of structures, the heights of said ?rst con
tainers being scaled substantially one inch to the foot of
said structures, said ?rst containers being positionable to
1wherein there is additionally provided a ?rst joining
member on said plastic sheet, a further plastic sheet having
a second joining member for cooperating with said ?rst
joining member to position said further plastic sheet at
an angle with respect to said plastic sheet, carpet capable
form the rear portion of said structures, said second con
of being cut to ?t between at least some of said wall mem
tainers being positionable to form the forward portion 45 bers, an electric socket, and a bracket extending from said
of said structures, each of said ?rst and second containers
plastic sheet to support said electric socket.
being provided on each end with an end ?ap and two side
?aps, and a ?exible vinyl ?lm having pressure sensitive
adhesive on one side, said ?rst containers being scored
lengthwise on each side at a height substantially equal 50
to the height of said second containers to facilitate the
application of said ?lm around their lower portions.
4. An article as de?ned in claim 3, in which there
is additionally provided carpet, said carpet being capable
of being cut to ?t between the various cardboard con
tainers at their base.
5. An article of manufacture comprising a plurality
of ?rst wall members having a uniform height, some of
said first Wall members having lengths substantially equal
References tilted in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
312,851
739,669
1,241,594
1,714,256
1,902,136
2,019,425
2,089,028
2,559,261
2,751,705
Schwartz ______________ __ July 3, 1951
Joseph _______________ __ June 26, 1956
569,954
Great Britain _________ __ June 15, 1945
to said height, others of said ?rst wall members having 60
lengths approximately ?fty percent greater than said
height, others of said ?rst wall members having lengths
approximately sixty percent of said height, second wall
Heron _______________ __ Feb. 24, 1885
Grimm ______________ __ Sept. 22, 1903
Williams ______________ __ Oct. 2, 1917
Bailey _______________ __ May 21, 1929
Mills _______________ __ Mar. 21, 1933
Luce ________________ __ Oct. 29, 1935
Jauch _______________ __ Aug. 3, 1937
FOREIGN PATENTS
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
1 112 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа