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Патент USA US3079781

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March 5, 1963
E. s. DoNLE
Filed Nov. 9, 1959
BY ¿HM X/m
is, eac:l of the sections being
» o including eripherel margins that neve Íolde‘oie
Nev. s, tsss,
i claim.
portions formed on the exterior e "ges thereof whereby,
when the sections are folded along their fold line, the
The present invention relates to e loclzet construction. 10
edge portions overlap and cooperate with the peripheral
More particularly, the present invention relates to a loclret
construction having a plurality of interiori'y' positioned
hinged ieaves, each of the leaves being formed with Win
dows or viewing spaces therein and having a specially
designed hinge construction for retaining the leaves in
hinged position wi in the locket.
The locket construction embodied in the present inven
tion defines a departure over the loci-:ets known
fore in that 'the hinged leaves Íornied as part of the as
serohly thereof are adapted to be freely pi. ‘ d "‘ithin
the iront and rear covers of the locket. Prior to the 1n~
stent invention, loclret constructions were known that
utilized hinged leaves having windows for displaying pic
rnnrgins to forni a marginal space having
facing the hinge pin of the loclret construction.
obiect isoftoa provide
hinged lent
that are
forme '
.e stamping operation and that are adapted
to retain pictorial or lillustrative matter in position in the
leaf rnernher.
Üther objects, tentures
advantages ot the invention
will become apparent as the description thereof proceeds
‘,vnen considered
connection with the accompanying
trative drawings.
in the drawings which illnstrnte
best rhode presently
contemplated by rne- Íor carrying ont rnv invention:
torial or illustrative matter therein and these usually in
Fit“, l is e view 'n perspective showing the ‘toeliet con»
eluded the common type of hinge member that was bent 25
struction embodied in the present invention in the closed
to receive a hinge pin therethrough. It was found that
position thereof;
ait-er assembling the locltet leaves that had plating ap
plied to the finished construction thereof, the plating
would harden the metal, and the hinge members there
‘ er were not easily adaptable for being loe-nt around the
hinge pin. As a result, the interiorly positioned leaves
did not freely pivot within the prior known loclcet con
‘ fictions, thereby resulting in faulty operation and
tally resulting in the hinge members thereof ’seing
3 is a perspective view of oie of the interior
leaves, a * ortion thereof being broken away;
is e plan view of one of the interior leaves after
J is e fragnentery View in perspective of a corner
erio leef showing the novel hinge construction
111 ‘
erv operations. This, the prior art devices were not
e complicated in structure, hut were consi-:ier
The interior leaves of
»1 teken along line
operation from a one-piece blank, the stamping operation
forming appropriately positioned windows
fold line
" ti'
object of
specially designed
rnern'oer -or
providing for fre e
pivotel movement of the hinged leaves.
bly opstanding
conventional style and
oe erige thereof
e element or” a
f the friction latch
formed on the edge
l, the er:
oei anotherent
of theis hinge
to provide
rnernhera. on
seid hing
rtends beyond the
catch for engage
locket construction that is stamped iron: blank
hy Íoid iines and inclu'
portions that in the folded po tion thereof of
ter therein,
ted to receive a chain
, locliet construction that includes a. projectin
marginal spaces for receiving piet
finger that overlaps the hinge pin and provides
ine rear cover i4 is shown formed with
't ‘so having an opening i5 formed there
ound the
from ‘the n
another o‘o‘iect is to provide a hinge rn ~
As shown rnore clearly
tney he etched or embossed and then
orntive en_„ior for the iocllet asserts»
in, the enclin'
and retaining,7 pictorial or illustrative matter tl erein.
Still another ohiec‘i oi the present invention is to pro
vide a locicet construction having interiorlv positioned
hinged leaves, each or” the leaves being provided t
i of rnetel material, the exterior sur
`~e and that are mounted for free pi 'of
in the locker assembly.
Another ohiect of the present inve
e lof‘iret construction having interiorly posi.
leaves, each of which is formed with spaced
Nn or nssen'ihiy i@ includes
d s rear cover Iré-l that nre preferably
erî- rly positioned hinged leaves that are siro
2, the loclcet construction or assembly
present invention is illustra ed therein
es thereafter being folded to the
iinished position to eornple‘e
th 3 assembly t'.ereof.
t is
showing the interiorl'y
positioned hinged leaves;
she-ered from their leaves.
The interior leaves of the prior known locliets were also
tl e sections or" the
" the locket construction
FIG. 2 is a perspcc
in the open position
y l@ which includes ’d_e front and
i i is constructed to fold in the man
ner oi a book, and to carry out this purpose, the front
cover is formed with a perpendicular ñange 24, While the
land is held in position thereby by the locking projection
rear cover is correspondingly formed with a perpendicu
49. Similarly, the edge 44 is adapted to overlap the edge
lar ñange 26.
43 to seal the lower edge of the leaf member 32, the
In order to hingedly interconnect the front and rear
covers 12 and 14, each of the covers is formed with a
plurality of spaced hinge members. As shown in FIG. 2,
locking projection 50 being rolled over the edge 43.
Since the leaf member 32 is folded along the fold lines 3S
and 40 and is provided with closed sides defined by the
edges 42, 46 and 44, 48, an interior space is formed as
the front cover 12 includes spaced hinge members 2S that
are joined to the flange 24 of the front cover l2. The
defined by margins 54, 62; 56, 68; 53, 66; 70, 76; 72, ’lâ
and '74, 86, the space having an'open edge that is adapted
rear cover 14 is similarly formed with spaced hinge mem
’bers'30 that are joined to the flange 26 of the rear cover 10 to extend along the edge facing the hinge pin 31 when
the inner leaf 32 is mounted in position in the locket.
14, the hinge members 28 and 30 being bent to receive a
In this position, the windows 51, 52 are in communica
hinge pin 31 therethrough. As shown, the hinge members
tion and are adapted to display pictorial or illustrative
28 and 30 are of conventional style and are preformed
matter therethrough that has been inserted into the space
to define an opening for receiving the hinge pin 31 there
in. As is usual in pivoted elements of this type, one set 15 defined by the peripheral and inner margins.
As illustrated more clearly in FIG. 3_, the section 34V is
of the hinge members is bent into firm engaging relation
foreshortened with respect to the section 36 so that in
with the pin 31 so that the pin will be prevented from in»
the folded position of the leaf member the outer edge of
advertent removal therefrom. The other set of hinge
«members loosely engages the hinge pin 31 wherein rela
the marginal portion 68 is exposed. Since this,Y is the side
tive pivotal movement of the front and rear covers 12 and 20 of the leaf member that faces the hinge pin 31vand in
14 is provided.
Pivotally mounted within the confines of the front and
rear covers 12 and 14 are a plurality of inner leaf mem
a shelf
spaceVis defined
for receiving
for aiding
the inpictorial
thev pic
torial matter within the interior space. Furthermore,by
foreshortening the section 34, any possible contiict/by the
bers, each of which is generally indicated at 32. As
shown in FIG. 2, only two leaf members 32 are mounted 25 marginal portion 56 with the hinge assembly is avoided.
In order to effectively retain the pictorial or illustrative
matter that is located within the space defined by the mar
ginal portions of the sections 34 and 36, inwardly ex
tending projections 82 are formed in one of the margins
assembly without departing from the spirit of the inven
30 of the section 36 and, as shown in FIG. 4, are located in
margin 63. Elongated recesses 84 are further formed in
Referring now to FIGS. 3 through 7, one of the leaf
the interior margins ’74, 80 and, as shownin FIG. 7, co
members 32 is shown in detail, and i-t is understood that
operate to divide the folded'leaf 32 into top and bottom
all of the leaf members are similarly constructed. The
sections. As shown in FIG. 6, the projections are defined
leaf member 32 is ’also preferably formed of a metal ma
terial and is adapted to be etched or embossed and then 35 by inwardly impressed dimples and reduce the inner mar
ginal space to firmly retain the pictorial matter in position
plated for decorative purposes. As shown in FIG. 4,
between the folded sections 34 and 36.
the leaf member 32 is formed from a one-piece blank
Since the leaf members 32 are adapted to be pivotally
member and is adapted to be stamped in a single stamping
mounted between the front and rear covers 12 and 14,
operation to define complementary sections indicated at
the plating thereof would normally cause the hinges to
34 and 36. The complementary sections 34 and 36 are
harden, which would thereby prevent the hinges from
separated by fold lines 3S and 4t), the fold lines 3S, 40
being easily -bent around the hinge pin 31. This even
being spaced so that in the folded position of the assem~
tually would result in faulty operation of the device or
bly the sections 34 and 36 are sufficiently spaced from
in shearing of the leaf member hinge element. The
each other to define a space therebetween for receiving
in the locket assembly 10, although it is understood that
only one of the inner leaf members 32 may be utilized
or, if desired, more than two may be incorporated in the
pictorial or illustrative matter therein.
In order to en
present invention avoids this prior difficulty by providing
a unique hinge construction for the leaf member.V As
illustrated in FIG. 4, in the unfolded position of the leaf
member 32, the hinge element includes a hinge member
section 34, while oppositely positioned foldable edges 46
S6 to which is joined an outwardly extending hinge finger
and 48 are formed on the section 36. Outwardly extend
ing locking projections 49 and 5G are formed on the edges 50 8S. Prior to the plating of the leaf mem-ber 32, the
hinge member 86 is bent to the position it will normally
42 and 44, respectively, and are adapted to be folded over
occupy and, as shown in FIG. 5, is adapted to envelope
:the corners of edges 46 and 48, respectively, to lock the
a major portion of the circumference of the hinge pin
sections 34, 36 in the folded position thereof. Also
but leaving a portion thereof exposed. In the assembly
formed in the sections 34 and 36 are windows S1 and 52,
respectively, and as illustrated in FIG. 3, the windows 55 of the front cover 12, rear cover 14 and the leaf mem
bers 32, the hinge pin 31 is inserted through the hinge
51, S2 are adapted to be aligned when the sections 34 and
36 are moved to the folded position thereof. Although
members 28, 36 of the front and rear covers 12, 14,
close the space between the sections 34 and 36, oppositely
positioned foldable edges 42 and 44 are formed on the
four windows are shown formed in each of the sections,
it is understood that a single window may be formed
respectively, Iand slidably received within the bent portions
of the hinge members 36. As described above, one set
therein, or two or three windows may also be formed 60 of the hinge members, and preferably the hinge members
therein, depending upon the manner in which the assembly
is to be employed.
The windows 51 and S2 occupy a substantial portion of
28 of the front cover 12, are first bent into firm engaging
relation with the pin 31 so that the pin is movable
therewith. The other hinge member 3€] is located in
loose fitting engagement around the pin 31 so that relative
the central area of each of the sections 34, 36, and as such
define a plurality of peripheral margins. Thus, outer 65 movement therebetween is provided. After the plating
operation and during the assembly of the hinge member
margins 54, S6, 58 and 66 are defined by the windows 51,
‘S6 on the hinge pin 3l, the relatively small hinge finger
While outer margins 62, 64, 66 and 68 are defined by the
88 is bent to bridge -the gap over the hinge pin` defined
windows 52. The windows 51 are also spaced to define
by the incompletely closed hinge member 86, thereby
inner margins '70, 72 and 74 in the section 34, and corre
sponding inner margins 76, 78 and 80 are defined by the 70 loosely locking the hinge pin 31 in the bent portion of the
windows 52 in the section 36.
hinge member 56. Thus, by utilizing the hinge' linger
88, the hinge member S6 may be'plated in the bent posi
V`In assembling the Vlocket construction, the sections 34
tion, while the only element necessary for movement
and 36 are folded along lines 33, 40 to the position shown
:to loosely lock the hinge member 86'on the hinge'pin,
in FIG. 3. The edge 42 is then folded to overlap the
edge 46, thereby sealing the upper edge of the leaf 32»
»is the relatively small hinge finger 8S. The hinge finger
y88 not only provides for simplicity in assembly of the
device but fur-ther acts to positively retain the leaf member
-32 in the assembly. Since the hinge pin 31 had already
been ñxed to the hinge members of either the front or rear
cover, the hinge members 36 may be simply locked on
the hinge pin 31 in aligned position with the hinge mem
lbers 2S and 30 by bending the fingers 38 until they
enclose the relatively ñxed hinge pin 3i. It is under
said interior leaf member being stamped from blank form
to define complementary sections separated by fold lines,
each of said sections having at least one window formed
therein defined by peripheral margins, foldable edge por
tions formed on the exterior edges of said sections where
by When said sections are folded along said fold
lines said edge portions overlap and cooperate with said
peripheral margins to form an interior marginal space
having a single exterior marginal opening, said opening
stood that the hinge members 85 are pivotally movable
on the hinge pin 31 together with the cover member 10 facing said hinge pin, said opening receiving illustrative
that is loosely mounted thereon, whereas the hinge pin
31 actually rotates with the cover member to which it
is secured.
It is seen that the present invention is simple ín con
struction and is economical to manufacture. Moreover,
pictorial or illustrative matter may be easily inserted into
the interior leaf members and cannot be dislodged due
to the location of the opening therefor that faces in the
matter therein and said window providing for viewing of
said illustrative matter therethrough, one of said sections
being foreshortened with respect to the other, so that a
marginal shelf is defined adjacent said opening when said
sections are located in the folded position thereof, said
hinge members being joined to said marginal shelf, said
marginal shelf thereby providing a surface for aiding in
introducing the illustrative matter through said opening,
and a plurality of projections formed on the surface of
direction of the axial hinge pin 31. Furthermore, the
unique hinge construction assures freedom of movement 20 one of said sections and cooperating with an overlying
peripheral margin of the adjacent section to reduce the
of the leaf members and also enables the leaf members
internal marginal space, said projections firmly retaining
to be easily and simply removed from the hinge pin for
said illustrative matter when it is located in said space
repair or replacement as desired.
for effectively retaining said matter therein.
While there is shown and described herein certain
specific structure embodying the invention, it will be mani 25
References Cited in the tile of this patent
fest to those skilled in the art that various modifications
and rer-arrangements of the parts may be made Without
departing from the spirit and scope of the underlying
Wood ________________ __ Oct. 25, 1921
inventive concept and that the same is not limited to the
particular forms herein shown and described except i11 30
sofar as indicated by the scope of the appended claim.
What is claimed is:
In a locket construction, a front cover, a rear cover
hingedly joined to said front cover by a hinge pin, at
least one interior leaf member connected by hinge por 35
tions to said hinge pin and disposed Within the confines of
said front and rear covers so that in the closed position
thereof said interior leaf member is hidden from View,
Buchman ____________ __ Mar. 2l 1922
Ekm‘an ______________ _.. Dec. 23, 1924
Chilson ______________ __ Sept. 6, 1938
Ebert ______________ __ inne 25, 1957
Donle ________________ __ Dec. 9, 1958
Great Britain ________ __ July 22, 1937
Great Britain __________ _.. Sept. 8, 1941
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