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March 5, 1963 K. DEBUS 3,080,046 I MULTIDISTRIBUTING DEVICE FOR DIE-SETTING AND LINE-CASTING MACHINES Filed Nov. 14, 1960 6 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOP (424. 05505 ATTORNEYS March 5, 1963 K. DEBUS 3,080,046 MULTIDISTRIBUTING DEVICE FOR DIE-SETTING - AND LINE-CASTING MACHINES Filed Nov. 14, 1960 6 Sheets-Sheet 2 Amt/1+ ATTORNEYS March 5, 1963 K. DEBUS MULTIDISTRIBUTING DEVICE FOR DIE-SETTING - Filed Nov. 14, 1960 3,080,046 AND LINE-CASTING MACHINES - e Sheets-Sheet s INVENTOP A1421. D5805 Awiw ATTORNEYS March 5, .1963 K. DEBUS ' MULTIDISTRIBUTING DEVICE FOR DIE-SETTING 3,080,046 ' AND LINE-CASTING MACHINES Filed Nov. 14, 1960 6 Sheets-Sheet 4 pvvcwrog KARL D5505 ATTORNE YS March 5, 1963 K. DEBUS 3,080,046 MULTIDISTRIBUTING DEVICE FOR DIE-SETTING AND LINE-CASTING MACHINES _ Filed NOV. 14, 1960 6 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTOP KARL D5805 ATTORNEYS i‘ March 5, 1963 K. DEBUS 3,080,046 MULTIDISTRIBUTING DEVICE FOR DIE-SETTING Filed Nov. 14, 1960 - AND LINE-CASTING MACHINES 6 Sheets-Sheet 6 11v VENI‘OP KA R L D155 U5 ATTORNEYS United States Patent 0 ” IC€ 1 2 setting and line-casting machine having a multi-distribu 3,080,046 tor mechanism as a feed magazine to which one of a MULTIDISTRIBUTING DEVICE FOR DlE-SETTIN AND LINE-CASTING MAC 3,080,946 Patented Mar. 5, 1853 number of split magazines can be connected at any time ' Karl Debus, Bad Hamburg vor der Hohe, Germany, as signor to Linotype G.m.b.I-l., Frankfurt am Main, Ger~ many, a German company Filed Nov. 14, 1950, Ser. No. 68,946 11 Claims. (Cl. 199-39) after the style of the single-distributor mechanism. In this way it is possible for the ?rst time to retain a limited number of distributors in a multi-distributor mechanism 'but provide a number of magazines in excess of that number. Instead of a magazine, a stack of magazines is connected to one or more of the distributors pro This invention relates to matrix setting and line cast 10 vided, in such manner that one of the magazines of the ing machines which have a multi-distributor mechanism stack can be brought between the carrier inlet and the which in known manner comprises a distributor, a plu distributor at any time on the single-distributor principle. rality of receiving boxes and racks._ Two fundamen-p tally diiferent constructions of matrix-setting and line casting machines are known. The so-called single-dis tributor machine generally has a plurality of magazines from which setting is effected alternatively. The change over from one magazine to another cannot be effected Assuming, for‘example, that the matrix-setting and line-casting machine has four distributors and one o£ these distributors is in turn connected on the single__ distributor principle to one of three magazines ofa sepa rate'stack of magazines, then this magazine can be mixed with any of the three standard magazines, just as the three standard magazines can be mixed with one' until all the matrices released before the magazine change-over have been distributed into the associated magazine. The magazine stacks are generally moved transversely into the magazine stack position between the The new distributor mechanism is preferably con structed in such manner that the distribution is effected carrier inlet and the distributor. ' through feed magazines into split magazines and the When large-body matrices are used on such matrix another. . feed magazines are arranged to be rockable like ‘the other standard magazines-which are always connected to the distributor-of the multi-distribution mechanism. setting and line-casting machines the standard-size maga zines are frequently replaced by what are known as split magazines in order to save weight. The feed is effected Together with the already known magazine suspension in these conditions from the distributor through feed in multi-distributor machines, this gives a simple solu magazines. In this case, the split magazines are also tion of the problem of feeding, into the split magazines, moved transversely into their position between the car 30 matrices which are to be distributed. Moreover, the rier inlet and the feed magazine outlet. The feed maga invention has also very advantageously utilized the fact zines used in these conditions are usually disposed so that the necessary stock of large-body matrices can be as to be immovable. smaller than when ordinary-type matrices are used. For Owing to the easy replaceability of the split magazines, this reason, the large-body matrices are accommodated the feed magazine can be swung together with the stack 35 in the split magazines, and this has the further advan of split magazines in certain forms of construction. This tage of saving space and weight. The provision of a feed swinging motion is independent of the movement of the magazine also saves space insofar as concerns the set of split magazine stack and for this purpose a certain addi magazines consisting of standard and split magazines; tional drive is provided. 7 and also simpli?es the change-over of ‘the split maga~ By means of a multi-distributor mechanism in other 40 zines. known matrix-setting and line-casting machines a num This adjustment of the split magazines .to a position in ber of distributor mechanisms are permanently connected front of the feed magazine is effected in simple manner in each case to a corresponding number of magazines. by arranging the split magazines in a parallel relation This avoids the disadvantage that a change cannot be ship to one another and in their position to their asso-' made to another magazine until all the previously re 45 ciated feed magazine. ‘ leased matrices have been distributed into the associated According to another embodiment of the invention, magazine. This permits mixing in multi-distributor ma chines. Practical use of matrix-setting and line-casting machines has led to the demand for the capacity to set both ordi 50 nary type (small body) and large-body type, i.e. accom modate the maximum possible choice of diiferent types in corresponding magazines in the machine. If, how the split magazines are arranged radially to the pivot point of their associated feed magazine. This constitutes a particularly simple structural solution which, in ‘addi tion, has the advantageous possibility of making a con nection between the feed magazine and the adjusted split magazine so that even ‘after the change-over to one of the ‘standard magazines the still rotating matrices released ever, compliance with this requirement means sacri?cing from the split magazine before the changeeover can be the advantages of the multi-distr-ibutor principle, it is 55 distributed into the associated split magazine independ necessary to provide a corresponding number of dis ently of the change-over. tributors owing to the larger number of magazines re In ‘one simpli?ed embodiment of the inventionthe quired. Up to a certain number of magazines, this is feed magazine is supported on the top standard magazine possible structurally but as the number increases it means as long as matrices are released from a standard magazine. an excessive structural outlay and costs which increase 60 When matrices are released from a split magazine the out of all proportion. feed magazine bears on a stop. The constrained move While obviating these difficulties the present invention ment of the split magazines and standard magazines to combines the multi-distributor principle and the single distributor system in a simple manner, preferably by gether with the raising and lowering of the entire stack of magazines is effected by connecting joints between the constructing one or more of the magazines in a matrix 65 split magazines and one of the standard magazines. Ac 3 4 magazine has again been moved into the collecting posi tion, a damping system being provided for damping the. lowering of the feed magazine in order to simplify the point 64. The latter is also the pivot point for the feed magazine 36. This mounting of the split magazines by of the split magazines. For easyv release and adjustability is provided on both sides of the magazines. shows the position in which the split magazine 38 is dis cording to one modi?ed embodiment, this joint-like sup posed in the matrix release position between a carrier port on one of the standard magazines may be replaced inlet 44 and the feed magazine outlet 46. by supporting the bottom split magazine on the top stand FIGURE 1 shows the construction of the parallel split ard magazine, for example by means of rollers. magazines. They are suspended at their sides by means According to a feature of the invention, the entire stack of connecting links 48 and 50 which are aligned in par of magazines can be brought into the appropriate opera allel relationship to one another. The split magazines tive position by means of a drive in sequence with (the are mounted in the connecting links 50 by joints 52. position of the magazines, the above-described connection The split magazine 42 is alsoemounted in the connecting between the split magazine and the standard magazines by means of joints or direct support being utilized in 10 link 48 by means of a joint 54. The split magazines 48 and 38 are so mounted that they have freedom for longi order to bring the split magazines into position between’ tudinal movement relatively to the connecting link 48. the carrier inlet and the feed magazine. For this reason pins 56 fastened rigidly on the split maga The connection which is possible between the feed zines 38 and 40 engage in slots 58 in .the connecting magazine and the adjusted split magazine when the split magazines are arranged radially to the pivot point \of the 15 link 48; The latter has its second ?xed pivot point 60 on the standard magazine 34. The connecting link 58 associated feed magazine is not eliminated until a split has a bent arm 62 which extends as far as the pivot change-over from one of the standard magazines to one 20 means of connecting links 48 and 50 and a bent arm 62 ‘ The split magazines 38, 40 and 42 form a stack of of this connection system, and for the purpose of opera magazines which is adjustable between the carrier inlet tion effected together with the magazine change-over, the 44 and the feed magazine outlet 46 after the style of a said connection may advantageously be effected electro 25 parallelogram as a rmult of the mounting described, by magnetically according to the invention“ . means of the connecting links 48 and 50, 62. The ad justment is effected together with a swinging of the stand Embodiments of the present invention will now be de scribed by way of example with reference to the accom pany-ing drawings, in which: ard magazines about their pivots 66. A connecting link 68 interconnects the standard magazines 30, 32 and 34 - FIGURE 1 is an elevation, partly in section, showing part of a matrix-setting and line-casting’ machine with 30 and, during the swinging movement, eifects a parallelo gram motion. The movement of the standard magazines [four distributors, three standard magazines, a feed maga 30, 32 and 34 is coupled with the movement of the split zine and three split magazines disposed in parallel rela magazines 38, 40 and 42 because both the connecting rtionship to one another, the bottom split magazine hav ing been brought into the matrix release position, link 68 and the connecting link 48 are pivotally connected FIGURE 2 is an elevation similar to FIGURE 1, in 35 to the standard magazine 34. which the top split magazine has been brought into the matrix release position, ' In the position shown in FIGURE 1 the feed magazine 36 bears on a ?xed stop 70 by means of a‘ roller 72. FIGURE 2 shows the position of the parallel-arranged split magazines 38, 40 and 42 when the top split maga 42 is adjusted to between the carrier inlet 44 and pivot point of the feed magazine, the bottom split maga 40 zine the feed magazine outlet 46. On a lowering of the zine being supported on the top standard magazine by standard magazines 30, 32 and 34 the split magazines 38, way of a connecting joint, , FIGURE 3 is an elevation of a second embodiment in i which the split magazines are arranged radially ‘to the FIGURE 4 is an elevation similar to FIGURE 3, in which the bottom standard magazine has been brought ' into the matrix release position, FIGURE 5 is a detail showing the bottom split maga zine supported on the top standard magazine by means of rollers, the split magazines being arranged radially, and FIGURE 6 shows an electromagnetically operated ?x ing system between the feed magazine and the top split magazine, the split magazines being arranged radially. 40 and 42 are also lowered in relation to the position shown in FIGURE 1, until the split magazine 42 is 45 brought into the above-described position. The feed magazine 36 cannot follow this downward movement in comparison with the position shown in FIGURE 1, since it bears on its stop 70 in the manner described. The stop 70 forms a ?xed abutment rigidly connected to the magazine supporting frame 12. “ FIGURES 3 to 6 show the. arrangement of the split magazines 38, 40 and 42 in a modi?ed embodiment. A considerable difference from the embodiment shownin ?gures of the drawings. FIGURES 1 and 2 is that the split magazines 38, 48 and A multi~distributor mechanism 10 (FIGURE 1) is 42 in any possible position are aligned radially to the rigidly fastened on a magazine supporting frame 12. The 55 pivot point 64 at the top of the feed magazine 36. This multi-distributor mechanism 10 comprises a distributor alignment is produced by an arm '74, which is mounted box (not shown), a distributor and a number of receiv in the pivot point 64. At the opposite end a connecting ing boxes, the said number being determined by the link 76 is rigidly connected to the arm 74. This con number of magazine inlets. In the present example, the necting link 76 is in turn pivotally connected to the split machine has four magazine inlets 14, 16, 18 and 20. magazines 38, 40 and 42 by means of fastenings 78. A The inlets are followed by four intermediate inlets 22, second connecting link 80 is rigidly connected to the arm 24, 26 and 28. The intermediate inlet 22 adjoins a maga 74 in a similar manner and carries the split magazines zine 30, the intermediate inlet 24, a magazine 32, and '38, 40 and 42 at its other end by means of fastenings 82. the intermediate inlet 28, a magazine 34. The maga 65 A connecting link 84 is mounted on the bottom split zines‘, hereinafter referred to as the standard magazines, magazine 38 and the top standard magazine 34 by pivots 30, 32 and 34, rest on magazine frames, the expression 86. The split magazines 38, 40 and 42 form a stack of magazine in this context being used to denote in each magazines which is pivotable by means of the connect case a magazine with the associated frame. The inter ing links 76 and 80 and their common arms 74 radially mediate inlet 28 adjoins a feed magazine 36. While the 70 to the pivot point 64 thereof. The individual split maga standard magazines 30, 32 and 34 serve to receive the zines 38, 46 or 42 are adjusted by pivoting about this , matrices the feed magazine 36 acts only as a bridge be pivot point 64 between the carrier inlet 44 and the feed _ Like reference numbers indicate like parts in all the magazine outlet 46. The adjustment is e?ected together tween the intermediate inlet 28 and the inlet to one of with av pivoting of the standard magazines about their several split magazines. In the present examples three split magazines 38, 40, v42. are provided. FIGURE 1 75 pivot points 616. The‘movement of the standard maga 5 3,080,046 zines 30, 32 and 34 is coupled with the movement of the split magazines 3'8, 40 and 42 because both the con necting link 68 and the connecting link 34 are pivotally connected on the standard magazine 34. In the position shown in FIGURE 3, the feed maga zine 36 bears, by a roller 72, on the stop 70. 6 a change is made from the operating position shown in FIGURE 4 to a matrix release from one of the split magazines 38 and 40, the ?xing system shown in FIGURE 6 being provided between the feed magazine 36 and the top split magazine 42. The change-over is then followed by the release of the connection system by electromag FIGURE 4 shows the position of the radially arranged netically-operated disengagement of the locking books 94. split magazines 38, 40 and 42 when the bottom stand The feed magazine 36 thus drops under its own weight ard magazine 38 has been adjusted between the carrier until it bears by its roller 72 on the stop 70. The piston inlet 44 and the intermediate inlet 22. On lifting the 10 102 in the cylinder 100 is moved down by means of the standard magazines 30, 32 and 34, the split magazines 38, piston rod 104 and thus the lowering movement of the 40 and 42 are also lifted in relation to the position shown feed magazine 36 is damped. At the same time, the in FIGURE 3 until the feed magazine 36 is lifted from standard and split magazines move in opposition to this movement of the feed magazine 36 until the required element 88. On the further lifting, both the split maga 15 split magazine is brought between the carrier inlet 44 and zine stack and the feed magazine 36 together with the the feed magazine outlet 46 in the matrix release posi standard magazine stack are lifted into the position shown tion. in FIGURE 4. It will ‘be appreciated that more than one feed magazine Instead of the connecting link 84, a support 90, as and associated split magazines may be provided if de shown in FIGURE 5, may be provided to connect the 20 sired. standard magazine stack and the split magazine stack. I claim: A roller 92 rolls on the support '90, which is mounted on I. A matrix-setting and line-casting machine compris the top standard magazine 34, and the roller ‘92 is in turn ing in combination a multi-distributing mechanism, a plu mounted on the bottom split magazine 38. rality of standard magazines positioned in operative rela The arrangements described thus far enable a change 25 tion to and extending downwardly from said multi-dis over to be made from any one of the standard magazines tributing mechanism, a feed magazine of a shorter length the stop 70 by the contact of its roller 72 on a slide to a given split magazine irrespective of whether the matrices previously released from the standard magazine have already been re-distributed to said standard maga then said standard magazines positioned in operative rela~ tion to and extending downwardly from said multi-dis tributing system, a plurality of split magazines, means zine. An operation in the reverse direction, that is to 30 mounting said split magazines in operative relation to said say a change-over from one of the split magazines to a feed magazine and said standard magazines, and carrier normal magazine, presupposes with one exception that means positioned at the lower ends of said standard mag the matrices previously released from the split magazine are re-distributed into the said split magazine before the actual change-over takes place. The exception is the change-over from the bottom split magazine to one of the standard magazines. During this operation, the split azines and said split magazines. 2. The combination according to claim 1 which is fur ther characterized by said standard and split magazines being arranged one behind the other from the front to the rear of said machine with said magazines being inclined magazine 38 and the feed magazine 36 are lifted simul steeply with respect to the horizontal. taneously, that is to say the matrices released before the 3. The combination according to claim 2 including change-over process can be distributed into the split maga 40 means pivotally mounting the split and standard magazines zine 38 by way of the feed magazine 36 independently for movement to bring any one of them into operative of the operation of the complete stack of magazines. relationship with the carrier means. In a further embodiment of the invention it is possible 4. The combination according to claim 3, including to change over without any restriction from ‘any one of means mounting the split magazines parallel to one an the split magazines to ‘a standard magazine, it being un 45 other and to the associated feed magazine movable with necessary to await the distribution of the previously re respect to said feed magazine for selectively positioning leased matrices. As shown in FIGURE 6 this possibility one of said split magazines in line with said carrier means is provided by an arrangement which provides a connec and said feed magazine, said mounting means including a tion between the feed magazine 36 and one of the adjusted parallel motion linkage. split magazines 40 or 42. In FIGURE 6 the connection 5. The combination according to claim 3, including is shown between the feed magazine 36 and the top split means mounting the split magazines extending radially of magazine 42. This connection device is situated directly the pivotal axis of the associated feed magazine by a at the outlet 46 of the feed magazine 36 and the adjacent member pivoted about that axis for selective movement inlet of the split magazine 42. The feed magazine carries into an in-line position of a selected one of said split mag~ locking hooks 94 which are adapted to swing out on both 55 azines with said feed magazine and said carrier means. sides and which can each engage in opposite notched plates 6. The combination [according to claim 3, wherein the 96 disposed on both sides of the split magazines 40 and feed magazine is supported by an adjacent standard mag 42. No connection is provided between the rfeed mag azine to move therewith so long as any Standard magazine azine 36 and the split magazine 38 since the two mag is 111 operative relationship to the carrier outlet, and where azines lie in one plane in relation to one another by the an a stop is provided to engage the feed magazine and joint-like or roller-like support on the top standard mag hold it stationary when any split magazine is moved into azine, both in the collecting position and during any oper ation out of this position. The swinging movement of the locking hooks 94 is advantageously effected electro magnetically by means of a solenoid 98. To simplify the operating process a damping system is provided for damping the lowering movement of the feed magazine 36 and comprises a piston 102 and a cylinder 100 mounted pivotally on the supporting frame 12. The piston rod 104 is, in turn, pivotally mounted on the feed magazine 36. The damping system comes into operation when a change-over is made from one of the standard magazines to one of the split magazines. For example, assume that operative relationship to the carrier outlet. 7. The combination according to claim 6, wherein the split magazines and the standard magazines are arranged to pivot together to bring any one of them into the op erative relationship to the carrier outlet. 8. The combination according to claim 7, wherein the standard magazines are inter-connected by links and the split magazines are inter-connected by links and to one of the standard magazines to constrain them for move ment together. 9. The combination according to claim 7, wherein the standard magazines are inter-connected to pivot together and the split magazines are inter-connected to pivot to aeeaeae 7 gether- and are’ mounted, above the standard magazines‘ with the lowest’ split magazine. supported on the top stand ard‘magazine. 8 tive relationship to the carrier outlet, and a damping de vice ‘for damping movement of the ‘feed magazine. 11. The combination according to claim 10 compris ing electromagnetic means foractuating the connection 10. The combinationva'ccording to claim 5, ‘further in cluding a device for connectinglthe feedv magazine to a 5v device. split’ magazine with which it is aligned which connection References Cited in the ?le of this patent is maintained when the magazines are moved to bring ‘any standard magazine into operative relationship with the carrier outlet but is ‘broken when the magazines are subsequently moved to :bring a ‘split magazine into opera- 10 UNITED STATES PATENTS Kennedy _..7__._._,______;_ Mar. 6, 1917 1,218,264 1,221,360 Muehleisen ____ __7___,.._ Apr. 3, 1917'