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Патент USA US3080055

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March 5, 1963
K. DEBUS
3,080,046
I MULTIDISTRIBUTING DEVICE FOR DIE-SETTING
AND LINE-CASTING MACHINES
Filed Nov. 14, 1960
6 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTOP
(424. 05505
ATTORNEYS
March 5, 1963
K. DEBUS
3,080,046
MULTIDISTRIBUTING DEVICE FOR DIE-SETTING
-
AND LINE-CASTING MACHINES
Filed Nov. 14, 1960
6 Sheets-Sheet 2
Amt/1+
ATTORNEYS
March 5, 1963
K. DEBUS
MULTIDISTRIBUTING DEVICE FOR DIE-SETTING
-
Filed Nov. 14, 1960
3,080,046
AND LINE-CASTING MACHINES
-
e Sheets-Sheet s
INVENTOP
A1421. D5805
Awiw
ATTORNEYS
March 5, .1963
K. DEBUS
'
MULTIDISTRIBUTING DEVICE FOR DIE-SETTING 3,080,046 '
AND LINE-CASTING MACHINES
Filed Nov. 14, 1960
6 Sheets-Sheet 4
pvvcwrog
KARL D5505
ATTORNE YS
March 5, 1963
K. DEBUS
3,080,046
MULTIDISTRIBUTING DEVICE FOR DIE-SETTING
AND LINE-CASTING MACHINES
_ Filed NOV. 14, 1960
6 Sheets-Sheet 5
INVENTOP
KARL D5805
ATTORNEYS
i‘
March 5, 1963
K. DEBUS
3,080,046
MULTIDISTRIBUTING DEVICE FOR DIE-SETTING
Filed Nov. 14, 1960
-
AND LINE-CASTING MACHINES
6 Sheets-Sheet 6
11v VENI‘OP
KA R L D155 U5
ATTORNEYS
United States Patent 0 ” IC€
1
2
setting and line-casting machine having a multi-distribu
3,080,046
tor mechanism as a feed magazine to which one of a
MULTIDISTRIBUTING DEVICE FOR DlE-SETTIN
AND LINE-CASTING MAC
3,080,946
Patented Mar. 5, 1853
number of split magazines can be connected at any time
'
Karl Debus, Bad Hamburg vor der Hohe, Germany, as
signor to Linotype G.m.b.I-l., Frankfurt am Main, Ger~
many, a German company
Filed Nov. 14, 1950, Ser. No. 68,946
11 Claims. (Cl. 199-39)
after the style of the single-distributor mechanism. In
this way it is possible for the ?rst time to retain a limited
number of distributors in a multi-distributor mechanism
'but provide a number of magazines in excess of that
number. Instead of a magazine, a stack of magazines
is connected to one or more of the distributors pro
This invention relates to matrix setting and line cast 10 vided, in such manner that one of the magazines of the
ing machines which have a multi-distributor mechanism
stack can be brought between the carrier inlet and the
which in known manner comprises a distributor, a plu
distributor at any time on the single-distributor principle.
rality of receiving boxes and racks._ Two fundamen-p
tally diiferent constructions of matrix-setting and line
casting machines are known. The so-called single-dis
tributor machine generally has a plurality of magazines
from which setting is effected alternatively. The change
over from one magazine to another cannot be effected
Assuming, for‘example, that the matrix-setting and
line-casting machine has four distributors and one o£
these distributors is in turn connected on the single__
distributor principle to one of three magazines ofa sepa
rate'stack of magazines, then this magazine can be
mixed with any of the three standard magazines, just
as the three standard magazines can be mixed with one'
until all the matrices released before the magazine
change-over have been distributed into the associated
magazine. The magazine stacks are generally moved
transversely into the magazine stack position between the
The new distributor mechanism is preferably con
structed in such manner that the distribution is effected
carrier inlet and the distributor. '
through feed magazines into split magazines and the
When large-body matrices are used on such matrix
another.
.
feed magazines are arranged to be rockable like ‘the
other standard magazines-which are always connected
to the distributor-of the multi-distribution mechanism.
setting and line-casting machines the standard-size maga
zines are frequently replaced by what are known as split
magazines in order to save weight. The feed is effected
Together with the already known magazine suspension
in these conditions from the distributor through feed
in multi-distributor machines, this gives a simple solu
magazines. In this case, the split magazines are also
tion of the problem of feeding, into the split magazines,
moved transversely into their position between the car 30 matrices which are to be distributed. Moreover, the
rier inlet and the feed magazine outlet. The feed maga
invention has also very advantageously utilized the fact
zines used in these conditions are usually disposed so
that the necessary stock of large-body matrices can be
as to be immovable.
smaller than when ordinary-type matrices are used. For
Owing to the easy replaceability of the split magazines,
this reason, the large-body matrices are accommodated
the feed magazine can be swung together with the stack 35 in the split magazines, and this has the further advan
of split magazines in certain forms of construction. This
tage of saving space and weight. The provision of a feed
swinging motion is independent of the movement of the
magazine also saves space insofar as concerns the set of
split magazine stack and for this purpose a certain addi
magazines consisting of standard and split magazines;
tional drive is provided.
7
and also simpli?es the change-over of ‘the split maga~
By means of a multi-distributor mechanism in other 40 zines.
known matrix-setting and line-casting machines a num
This adjustment of the split magazines .to a position in
ber of distributor mechanisms are permanently connected
front of the feed magazine is effected in simple manner
in each case to a corresponding number of magazines.
by arranging the split magazines in a parallel relation
This avoids the disadvantage that a change cannot be
ship to one another and in their position to their asso-'
made to another magazine until all the previously re 45 ciated feed magazine.
‘
leased matrices have been distributed into the associated
According to another embodiment of the invention,
magazine. This permits mixing in multi-distributor ma
chines.
Practical use of matrix-setting and line-casting machines
has led to the demand for the capacity to set both ordi 50
nary type (small body) and large-body type, i.e. accom
modate the maximum possible choice of diiferent types
in corresponding magazines in the machine. If, how
the split magazines are arranged radially to the pivot
point of their associated feed magazine. This constitutes
a particularly simple structural solution which, in ‘addi
tion, has the advantageous possibility of making a con
nection between the feed magazine and the adjusted split
magazine so that even ‘after the change-over to one of
the ‘standard magazines the still rotating matrices released
ever, compliance with this requirement means sacri?cing
from the split magazine before the changeeover can be
the advantages of the multi-distr-ibutor principle, it is 55 distributed into the associated split magazine independ
necessary to provide a corresponding number of dis
ently of the change-over.
tributors owing to the larger number of magazines re
In ‘one simpli?ed embodiment of the inventionthe
quired. Up to a certain number of magazines, this is
feed magazine is supported on the top standard magazine
possible structurally but as the number increases it means
as long as matrices are released from a standard magazine.
an excessive structural outlay and costs which increase 60 When matrices are released from a split magazine the
out of all proportion.
feed magazine bears on a stop. The constrained move
While obviating these difficulties the present invention
ment of the split magazines and standard magazines to
combines the multi-distributor principle and the single
distributor system in a simple manner, preferably by
gether with the raising and lowering of the entire stack
of magazines is effected by connecting joints between the
constructing one or more of the magazines in a matrix 65 split magazines and one of the standard magazines. Ac
3
4
magazine has again been moved into the collecting posi
tion, a damping system being provided for damping the.
lowering of the feed magazine in order to simplify the
point 64. The latter is also the pivot point for the feed
magazine 36. This mounting of the split magazines by
of the split magazines. For easyv release and adjustability
is provided on both sides of the magazines.
shows the position in which the split magazine 38 is dis
cording to one modi?ed embodiment, this joint-like sup
posed in the matrix release position between a carrier
port on one of the standard magazines may be replaced
inlet 44 and the feed magazine outlet 46.
by supporting the bottom split magazine on the top stand
FIGURE 1 shows the construction of the parallel split
ard magazine, for example by means of rollers.
magazines. They are suspended at their sides by means
According to a feature of the invention, the entire stack
of connecting links 48 and 50 which are aligned in par
of magazines can be brought into the appropriate opera
allel relationship to one another. The split magazines
tive position by means of a drive in sequence with (the
are mounted in the connecting links 50 by joints 52.
position of the magazines, the above-described connection
The split magazine 42 is alsoemounted in the connecting
between the split magazine and the standard magazines
by means of joints or direct support being utilized in 10 link 48 by means of a joint 54. The split magazines 48
and 38 are so mounted that they have freedom for longi
order to bring the split magazines into position between’
tudinal movement relatively to the connecting link 48.
the carrier inlet and the feed magazine.
For this reason pins 56 fastened rigidly on the split maga
The connection which is possible between the feed
zines 38 and 40 engage in slots 58 in .the connecting
magazine and the adjusted split magazine when the split
magazines are arranged radially to the pivot point \of the 15 link 48; The latter has its second ?xed pivot point 60
on the standard magazine 34. The connecting link 58
associated feed magazine is not eliminated until a split
has a bent arm 62 which extends as far as the pivot
change-over from one of the standard magazines to one 20 means of connecting links 48 and 50 and a bent arm 62
‘ The split magazines 38, 40 and 42 form a stack of
of this connection system, and for the purpose of opera
magazines which is adjustable between the carrier inlet
tion effected together with the magazine change-over, the
44 and the feed magazine outlet 46 after the style of a
said connection may advantageously be effected electro
25 parallelogram as a rmult of the mounting described, by
magnetically according to the invention“
.
means of the connecting links 48 and 50, 62. The ad
justment is effected together with a swinging of the stand
Embodiments of the present invention will now be de
scribed by way of example with reference to the accom
pany-ing drawings, in which:
ard magazines about their pivots 66. A connecting link
68 interconnects the standard magazines 30, 32 and 34
- FIGURE 1 is an elevation, partly in section, showing
part of a matrix-setting and line-casting’ machine with 30 and, during the swinging movement, eifects a parallelo
gram motion. The movement of the standard magazines
[four distributors, three standard magazines, a feed maga
30, 32 and 34 is coupled with the movement of the split
zine and three split magazines disposed in parallel rela
magazines 38, 40 and 42 because both the connecting
rtionship to one another, the bottom split magazine hav
ing been brought into the matrix release position,
link 68 and the connecting link 48 are pivotally connected
FIGURE 2 is an elevation similar to FIGURE 1, in 35 to the standard magazine 34.
which the top split magazine has been brought into the
matrix release position,
'
In the position shown in FIGURE 1 the feed magazine
36 bears on a ?xed stop 70 by means of a‘ roller 72.
FIGURE 2 shows the position of the parallel-arranged
split magazines 38, 40 and 42 when the top split maga
42 is adjusted to between the carrier inlet 44 and
pivot point of the feed magazine, the bottom split maga 40 zine
the feed magazine outlet 46. On a lowering of the
zine being supported on the top standard magazine by
standard magazines 30, 32 and 34 the split magazines 38,
way of a connecting joint,
,
FIGURE 3 is an elevation of a second embodiment in
i which the split magazines are arranged radially ‘to the
FIGURE 4 is an elevation similar to FIGURE 3, in
which the bottom standard magazine has been brought
' into the matrix release position,
FIGURE 5 is a detail showing the bottom split maga
zine supported on the top standard magazine by means
of rollers, the split magazines being arranged radially, and
FIGURE 6 shows an electromagnetically operated ?x
ing system between the feed magazine and the top split
magazine, the split magazines being arranged radially.
40 and 42 are also lowered in relation to the position
shown in FIGURE 1, until the split magazine 42 is
45 brought into the above-described position. The feed
magazine 36 cannot follow this downward movement in
comparison with the position shown in FIGURE 1, since
it bears on its stop 70 in the manner described.
The
stop 70 forms a ?xed abutment rigidly connected to the
magazine supporting frame 12.
“ FIGURES 3 to 6 show the. arrangement of the split
magazines 38, 40 and 42 in a modi?ed embodiment. A
considerable difference from the embodiment shownin
?gures of the drawings.
FIGURES 1 and 2 is that the split magazines 38, 48 and
A multi~distributor mechanism 10 (FIGURE 1) is
42 in any possible position are aligned radially to the
rigidly fastened on a magazine supporting frame 12. The 55 pivot point 64 at the top of the feed magazine 36. This
multi-distributor mechanism 10 comprises a distributor
alignment is produced by an arm '74, which is mounted
box (not shown), a distributor and a number of receiv
in the pivot point 64. At the opposite end a connecting
ing boxes, the said number being determined by the
link 76 is rigidly connected to the arm 74. This con
number of magazine inlets. In the present example, the
necting link 76 is in turn pivotally connected to the split
machine has four magazine inlets 14, 16, 18 and 20.
magazines 38, 40 and 42 by means of fastenings 78. A
The inlets are followed by four intermediate inlets 22,
second connecting link 80 is rigidly connected to the arm
24, 26 and 28. The intermediate inlet 22 adjoins a maga
74 in a similar manner and carries the split magazines
zine 30, the intermediate inlet 24, a magazine 32, and
'38, 40 and 42 at its other end by means of fastenings 82.
the intermediate inlet 28, a magazine 34. The maga 65
A connecting link 84 is mounted on the bottom split
zines‘, hereinafter referred to as the standard magazines,
magazine 38 and the top standard magazine 34 by pivots
30, 32 and 34, rest on magazine frames, the expression
86. The split magazines 38, 40 and 42 form a stack of
magazine in this context being used to denote in each
magazines which is pivotable by means of the connect
case a magazine with the associated frame. The inter
ing links 76 and 80 and their common arms 74 radially
mediate inlet 28 adjoins a feed magazine 36. While the 70 to the pivot point 64 thereof. The individual split maga
standard magazines 30, 32 and 34 serve to receive the
zines 38, 46 or 42 are adjusted by pivoting about this
, matrices the feed magazine 36 acts only as a bridge be
pivot point 64 between the carrier inlet 44 and the feed
_ Like reference numbers indicate like parts in all the
magazine outlet 46. The adjustment is e?ected together
tween the intermediate inlet 28 and the inlet to one of
with av pivoting of the standard magazines about their
several split magazines. In the present examples three
split magazines 38, 40, v42. are provided. FIGURE 1 75 pivot points 616. The‘movement of the standard maga
5
3,080,046
zines 30, 32 and 34 is coupled with the movement of
the split magazines 3'8, 40 and 42 because both the con
necting link 68 and the connecting link 34 are pivotally
connected on the standard magazine 34.
In the position shown in FIGURE 3, the feed maga
zine 36 bears, by a roller 72, on the stop 70.
6
a change is made from the operating position shown in
FIGURE 4 to a matrix release from one of the split
magazines 38 and 40, the ?xing system shown in FIGURE
6 being provided between the feed magazine 36 and the
top split magazine 42. The change-over is then followed
by the release of the connection system by electromag
FIGURE 4 shows the position of the radially arranged
netically-operated disengagement of the locking books 94.
split magazines 38, 40 and 42 when the bottom stand
The feed magazine 36 thus drops under its own weight
ard magazine 38 has been adjusted between the carrier
until it bears by its roller 72 on the stop 70. The piston
inlet 44 and the intermediate inlet 22. On lifting the 10 102 in the cylinder 100 is moved down by means of the
standard magazines 30, 32 and 34, the split magazines 38,
piston rod 104 and thus the lowering movement of the
40 and 42 are also lifted in relation to the position shown
feed magazine 36 is damped. At the same time, the
in FIGURE 3 until the feed magazine 36 is lifted from
standard and split magazines move in opposition to this
movement of the feed magazine 36 until the required
element 88. On the further lifting, both the split maga 15 split magazine is brought between the carrier inlet 44 and
zine stack and the feed magazine 36 together with the
the feed magazine outlet 46 in the matrix release posi
standard magazine stack are lifted into the position shown
tion.
in FIGURE 4.
It will ‘be appreciated that more than one feed magazine
Instead of the connecting link 84, a support 90, as
and associated split magazines may be provided if de
shown in FIGURE 5, may be provided to connect the 20 sired.
standard magazine stack and the split magazine stack.
I claim:
A roller 92 rolls on the support '90, which is mounted on
I. A matrix-setting and line-casting machine compris
the top standard magazine 34, and the roller ‘92 is in turn
ing in combination a multi-distributing mechanism, a plu
mounted on the bottom split magazine 38.
rality of standard magazines positioned in operative rela
The arrangements described thus far enable a change 25 tion to and extending downwardly from said multi-dis
over to be made from any one of the standard magazines
tributing mechanism, a feed magazine of a shorter length
the stop 70 by the contact of its roller 72 on a slide
to a given split magazine irrespective of whether the
matrices previously released from the standard magazine
have already been re-distributed to said standard maga
then said standard magazines positioned in operative rela~
tion to and extending downwardly from said multi-dis
tributing system, a plurality of split magazines, means
zine. An operation in the reverse direction, that is to 30 mounting said split magazines in operative relation to said
say a change-over from one of the split magazines to a
feed magazine and said standard magazines, and carrier
normal magazine, presupposes with one exception that
means positioned at the lower ends of said standard mag
the matrices previously released from the split magazine
are re-distributed into the said split magazine before the
actual change-over takes place. The exception is the
change-over from the bottom split magazine to one of
the standard magazines. During this operation, the split
azines and said split magazines.
2. The combination according to claim 1 which is fur
ther characterized by said standard and split magazines
being arranged one behind the other from the front to the
rear of said machine with said magazines being inclined
magazine 38 and the feed magazine 36 are lifted simul
steeply with respect to the horizontal.
taneously, that is to say the matrices released before the
3. The combination according to claim 2 including
change-over process can be distributed into the split maga 40 means pivotally mounting the split and standard magazines
zine 38 by way of the feed magazine 36 independently
for movement to bring any one of them into operative
of the operation of the complete stack of magazines.
relationship with the carrier means.
In a further embodiment of the invention it is possible
4. The combination according to claim 3, including
to change over without any restriction from ‘any one of
means mounting the split magazines parallel to one an
the split magazines to ‘a standard magazine, it being un 45 other and to the associated feed magazine movable with
necessary to await the distribution of the previously re
respect to said feed magazine for selectively positioning
leased matrices. As shown in FIGURE 6 this possibility
one of said split magazines in line with said carrier means
is provided by an arrangement which provides a connec
and said feed magazine, said mounting means including a
tion between the feed magazine 36 and one of the adjusted
parallel motion linkage.
split magazines 40 or 42. In FIGURE 6 the connection
5. The combination according to claim 3, including
is shown between the feed magazine 36 and the top split
means mounting the split magazines extending radially of
magazine 42. This connection device is situated directly
the pivotal axis of the associated feed magazine by a
at the outlet 46 of the feed magazine 36 and the adjacent
member pivoted about that axis for selective movement
inlet of the split magazine 42. The feed magazine carries
into an in-line position of a selected one of said split mag~
locking hooks 94 which are adapted to swing out on both 55 azines with said feed magazine and said carrier means.
sides and which can each engage in opposite notched plates
6. The combination [according to claim 3, wherein the
96 disposed on both sides of the split magazines 40 and
feed magazine is supported by an adjacent standard mag
42. No connection is provided between the rfeed mag
azine to move therewith so long as any Standard magazine
azine 36 and the split magazine 38 since the two mag
is 111 operative relationship to the carrier outlet, and where
azines lie in one plane in relation to one another by the
an a stop is provided to engage the feed magazine and
joint-like or roller-like support on the top standard mag
hold it stationary when any split magazine is moved into
azine, both in the collecting position and during any oper
ation out of this position. The swinging movement of
the locking hooks 94 is advantageously effected electro
magnetically by means of a solenoid 98.
To simplify the operating process a damping system is
provided for damping the lowering movement of the feed
magazine 36 and comprises a piston 102 and a cylinder
100 mounted pivotally on the supporting frame 12. The
piston rod 104 is, in turn, pivotally mounted on the
feed magazine 36.
The damping system comes into operation when a
change-over is made from one of the standard magazines
to one of the split magazines. For example, assume that
operative relationship to the carrier outlet.
7. The combination according to claim 6, wherein the
split magazines and the standard magazines are arranged
to pivot together to bring any one of them into the op
erative relationship to the carrier outlet.
8. The combination according to claim 7, wherein the
standard magazines are inter-connected by links and the
split magazines are inter-connected by links and to one
of the standard magazines to constrain them for move
ment together.
9. The combination according to claim 7, wherein the
standard magazines are inter-connected to pivot together
and the split magazines are inter-connected to pivot to
aeeaeae
7
gether- and are’ mounted, above the standard magazines‘
with the lowest’ split magazine. supported on the top stand
ard‘magazine.
8
tive relationship to the carrier outlet, and a damping de
vice ‘for damping movement of the ‘feed magazine.
11. The combination according to claim 10 compris
ing electromagnetic means foractuating the connection
10. The combinationva'ccording to claim 5, ‘further in
cluding a device for connectinglthe feedv magazine to a 5v device.
split’ magazine with which it is aligned which connection
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
is maintained when the magazines are moved to bring
‘any standard magazine into operative relationship with
the carrier outlet but is ‘broken when the magazines are
subsequently moved to :bring a ‘split magazine into opera- 10
UNITED STATES PATENTS
Kennedy _..7__._._,______;_ Mar. 6, 1917
1,218,264
1,221,360
Muehleisen ____ __7___,.._ Apr. 3, 1917'
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