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Патент USA US3080571

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March 5, 1963
G. E. RAYNOR
3,080,553
COMBINED FLASHLIGf-IT AND SIGNAL LIGHT DEVICE
Filed May 31, 1961
25
I8 37 29
2s
39
28 I7
‘ 39
26 28
25 29 F5
35 13
INVEN TOR
GILBERT E. RAYNOR
3,986,553
iinite btates
Patented Mar. 5, 19?3
1
2
3,080,553
the body of the head 15 so as to provide a series of cavi
ties, each of which has end walls 28, a top Wall 29, a
bottom wall 30, and an inner or rear wall formed of a
CGMBINED FLASHLIGHT AND SEGNAL
LEGHT DEVICE
Gilbert E. Raynor, 19309 Parlrwood Drive,
Kensington, Md.
Filed May 31, 1961, Ser. No. 113,767
4 Claims. (Cl. 349-366)
pair of sections arranged at an obtuse angle with respect
to each other to provide inclined diffuser surfaces 31.
Mounted within the threaded end portion 13 of the
barrel 11, is a light bulb 33 having its lower end in elec
trical contact with an end of a dry cell ?ashlight battery
The present invention relates to a ?ashlight device
‘34. It will be understood that any number of cells 34
which is particularly suitable for use in directing automo 10 may be contained within the barrel 11.
bile traffic with a plurality of different colored signal
The light bulb 33 is mounted in the socket of a plate
lights.
35 which has a rim 36 arranged to be clamped between
An object of the invention is to provide a combined
the upper end of the barrel 11 and the head 15, so that
?ashlight and signal light device by means of which a
the light bulb 33 will be disposed within a recess 38
plurality of concentrated beams of light, each of a dis 15 formed in the lower portion of the body of the head 15.
In this way the light bulb will be disposed substantially
tinctive color, are projected in a predetermined direction
so that only light rays of one color are visible.
centrally within the head 15, to effect an even distribu
tion of light toward the louvers 26.
Another object of the invention is to provide an im
proved ?ashlight device having a signaling head of light
Mounted on the barrel 11 is a switch 40 of the usual
conducting transparent material formed with multi-col 20 ‘construction for ?ashlights to control illumination of the
ored light projecting elements for transmitting lightv of
light bulb 33 with electric current supplied by the bat
tery cell 34.
selected colors when the device is arranged in a plurality
of predetermined positions.
According to the preferred embodiment of the present
A further object of the invention is to provide an im
invention the top wall 29‘ of each recess or cavity 25
proved flashlight device having a signaling head of light 25 is colored, as indicated by layer 37, to transmit green light
conducting transparent material formed with a plurality
rays, and the bottom wall 30 of each recess or cavity
of superposed light projecting sections arranged alter
25 is colored, as indicated by layer 39, to transmit red
nately with dil’erent colored light re?ecting surfaces.
light rays, the dilfu-ser surfaces 31 being clear to trans
In the accompanying drawing:
v
FIG. 1 is a side elevation partly in vertical section
taken substantially on the plane of line 1-1 of FIG. 2,
of a ?ashlight device constructed according to the pre
ferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a front elevation of the upper portion of the
structure shown in FIG. 1; and
FIGS. 3 to 6 inclusive illustrate schematically the man‘
ner in which light rays are transmitted when the?ash
light device is arranged in different positions.
Referring to the drawing, the improved flashlight de
vice may comprise a tubular barrel 11, constituting a
handle adapted to be closed at one end by means of a
detachable cap 12, having screw threaded connection
with said barrel in well known manner.
The end of the barrel >11 opposite to the end having
the cap 12 is formed with screw threads 13 for the 115
threaded neck portion 14 of a signal head 15.
mit clear light rays.
Also, as an alternative, if so de
sired, when the surfaces of the walls 29 and the surfaces
of the bottom Walls 30 of the recesses 25 are arranged
to be illuminated by internally conducted light, these
said surfaces may be provided with colored plastic ma
terial, and the diffuser surfaces 31 may be colored a
third color, such as yellow for the purpose of producing
the usual well known amber caution light rays, thereby
enabling three different colors of light rays to be dis
charged from the device.
When the surfaces 29 and 30 are colored with re?ective
?uorescent paint or tape, said surfaces will be illuminated
by light directed toward them from the uncolored diifuser
surfaces 31. This construction permits the signal light
to be used also as a ?ashlight, utilizing the uncolored
light rays from the diffuser surfaces 31, without affecting
the use as a signal device.
form of a vertical section 20 arranged substantially
parallel to the front 17 and an inclined section 21 which
‘extends from the section 20* upwardly to the top 18.
The construction and arrangement of the parts of the
head is such that the neck portion 14 extends down
wardly a suitable distance from the bottom 19.
Each side 16 of the signal head 15 is provided with
From the foregoing it will be noted that the construc—
tion and arrangement of the parts is such as to make it
possibie for a light beam of only one color to be visible
when the device is tilted to a predetermined position to
ward the viewer, and a light beam of another color to be
visible when the device is tilted to a predetermined posi
tion away from the viewer. As an alternative, a light
beam of a third color, such as amber, will be made visible
when the front face of the signal head 15 is arranged
perpendicularly to the viewer’s line of vision when the
diffuser surfaces 31 are colored yellow in the manner
a lens 22 which is mounted in a suitable recess 23 formed
heretofore described.
in the body of the head in the manner indicated by
dotted lines in FIG. 2. Preferably each lens 22 should
FIGS. 3 to 6 inclusive illustrate the use of a pair of
the devices by a person, such as a police o?icer directing
The signal head 15 comprises a body of suitable light
conducting transparent material, said body having sides
16, a front 17, a top 18, a bottom 19, and a rear in the
be of a red color to provide a bull’s-eye at each side of 60 traffic, with the device of FIGS, 3 and 5 held by his right
hand, and the device of FIGS. 4 and 6 held by his left
the head 15 arranged to project a light beam of a red
color for signaling purposes.
The front 17 of the signal head 15 is formed with a
plurality of elongated slots or recesses 2-5 which extend
hand. The light beam indicated by the group of arrows
41 in each view of the drawing may be of a red color
emanating from the surface 3% and the light beam indi
horizontally across the front, the ends of said recesses 65 cated by the group of arrows 42 may be of a green color
emanating from the surfaces 29 of the signal head 15.
being closed in the manner shown in FIG. 2. The re
To signal tra?ic to stop, the police o?cer points the
cesses 25' are vertically spaced apart substantially at uni
signal head 15 toward the traffic in the tilted manner
form distances to provide a plurality of webs or louvers
shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, in which position of the de‘
2e on the front 17, said louvers being arranged from the
vices it will be noted that the red light beams 41 eman
70
top 18 to the bottom 19.
ating from said signal heads are arranged to project light‘
The slots or recesses 25 are formed a suitable depth in
rays in a substantially horizontal direction. With the de
3,080,558
3
vices. in such tilted positions, the green light beams 42
will be pointed in a downward direction out of the vision
of the viewers of the red signal light rays. To signal
traffic to proceed, the police of?cer moves the devices
from the positions shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, to the posi
tions shown respectively in FIGS. 5 and 6, wherein the
light beams 41 project the red light rays in an upward or
vertical direction, and the green light rays of the beams
2 will be directed in a substantially horizontal path to
ward the line of vision of the tra?ic heretofore signalled
to stop by the red light rays,
of one color, means on the bottom surfaces of said webs‘
for transmitting re?ected lightrrays of a contrasting color‘
to the color of the light rays transmitted by said top sur-
faces, said cavities extending into the body of the signal
head a predetermined distance from the front thereof,
and a wall at the inner end of said cavities inclined with
respect to the front of said signal head to provide light
diffuser surfaces for directing light conducted from the
light bulb with said signal head onto the colored surfaces
of said webs.
‘
2. A traffic signal light device comprising a tubular
Selective control of individual automobiles can be
handle having an upper screw threaded portion, a dry
tion to display a green light to those cleared to proceed.
screw threaded neck for threaded engagement with the
upper screw threaded portion of said handle, a light bulb
cell battery mounted within said handle, a signal head
effected by pointing one signal light toward those to be
of light conducting transparent material, said signal head
stopped with the device in the position shown in FIGS.
3-and 4, and beckoning with another device in the posi 15 having sides, a front, a top, a rear, a bottom having a
Due to the manner in which the red lenses 22 are ar
within said signal head, means connecting said light bulb
ranged on the signal head 15, these elements constantly
with said dry cell battery for illuminating said signal
display red signal lights for the purpose of providing a
safety warning of the police of?cer’s presence, and also 20 head, a series of elongated cavities formed horizontally
in the. front of said signal head, said cavities being closed
for the purpose of facilitating the control of cross tra?ic
at. the inner ends thereof and being separated by louvers
at intersections. When traffic proceeds in one direction,
vertically spaced apart substantially at uniform distances
the; cross traffic is kept stopped by signals from the red
on the front of said signal head to provide light reflecting
light lenses 22. To then change the flow of tra?ic, the
police o?icer arranges the devices in the positions illus 25 surfaces at the top and at the bottom within said cavities
for transmitting light rays from the front of said signal
trated in FIGS. 3 and 4 to present red signal lights to
head, color meanson the top surfaces of said louvers for
stop. The police o?icer then shifts his position about an
transmittingre?ected light rays of one color, color means
angle of approximately ninety degrees, thereby present
on the bottom surfaces of said louvers for transmitting
ing, the red light lenses 22 to the traffic just stopped, and
arranges the. signal heads 15 in the tilted position to pre 30 re?ected, light. rays of a contrasting color to the color of
sent green light rays of the beam 42 toward the traf?c now
cleared to proceed, as illustrated in FIGS. 5 and 6. The
signal heads 15 are maintained in such tilted positions
until it is desired to change the flow‘ of tra?ic by re
the lightv rays transmitted by said top, surfaces, light dif~
fuser surfaces at the inner ends. of said cavities for direct
ing light conducted from the, light bulb within said signal
head onto the colored surfaces of said louvers, and a
arranging the relative positions of the signal heads 15 in 35 colored lens mounted on each side of said signal head
rearwardly with respect to said. cavities for distributing
they manner previously‘ described.
light from said signal head in a direction substantially
It will be understood that in order to enhance the dis
at right angles with respect to the light emanating from
tribution of light rays emanating from the signal head
the front of said. signal head.
15, the exposed edges of the louvers 26 may be opaque.
Another important featureis the alternate color arrange~
ment of the re?ecting surfaces of the louvers 26, by which
the upper surfaces of the louvers have one color and
the lower surfaces of the louvers have another color.
Thus, the louvers are constructed on the front of the sig
nal head 15 so that the light rays emanating from the
upper surfaces of the louvers are concentrated in a single
beam of one color, while the light rays emanating from
the lower surfaces of the louvers are concentrated in a
single beam of another color. In this manner a plu
rality of concentrated beams of light, each of a distinctive
color, will be projected in predetermined directions so
that only light rays of one color are visible to a viewer
positioned in front of the light in the manner heretofore
described.
While the invention has been described in detail and
shown with respect to the accompanying drawing, it is
not to be limited to such details, since many changes and
modi?cations may be made in the invention without de
parting from the spirit and scope thereof. Hence, it is
3'. A signal light device comprising a tubular handle
having an upper screw threaded portion, a dry cell bat
tery mounted with said handle, a signal head of light
conducting material, said signal head having a body
formed of sides, a front, and a bottom having a screw
threaded neck for threaded engagement with the upper
screw threaded portion of‘ said handle, a recess formed
in the bottom of, the body of said signal head, a light
bulb mounted within said signal head recess, means con
necting said light bulb with said dry cell- battery for
illuminating said signal head, a series of cavities formed
horizontally in the front of said signal head, said cavities
being separated by louvers vertically spaced apart to pro
vide light reflecting surfaces at the top and at the bottom
within said cavities for transmitting light rays from the
front of said signal head, color means on the top surfaces
of said louvers for transmitting re?ected light rays of one
color, color means on the bottom surfaces of said louvers
for transmitting light rays of a color contrasting to the
color of the light rays transmitted by said top surfaces,
desired to cover any and all forms and- modi?cations of 60 light diffuser surfaces formed at the inner ends of said
cavities for directing light conducted from said light bulb
the invention which may come within the language and
within said signal head onto the colored surfaces of said
scope of the appended claims.
louvers, and a colored lens mounted on each side of
What I claim is:
said signal head for distributing light from said signal
l. A signal light device comprising a tubular handle,
a dry cell battery mounted within said handle, a signal 65 head in a. direction substantially at right angles with re
spect to the light emanating from the front of said signal
head of light conducting material, means for mounting
head.
said‘ signal head on one end of said handle, a light bulb
4. A signal device combined with a ?ashlight, com
within said signal head, means connecting said light bulb
with said dry cell battery for illuminating said signal head,
prising a tubular handle having a screw threaded end, a
a series of cavities formed in said signal head, said cavi 70 dry cell battery mounted within said handle, a signal
head of light conducting transparent material, said sig
ties being separated by webs on the front of said signal
nal head having a front, and, a bottom having screw
head to provide light re?ecting surfaces at the top and
threaded engagement with the screw threaded end of said
at the bottom within said cavities for transmitting light
handle, a recess formed in the bottom of the signal head,
rays from the front of said signal head, means on the top
surfaces of said. webs for transmitting re?ected light rays 75 a single light bulb mounted within said signal head re
3,080,653
6
5
cess, means connecting said light bulb with said dry cell
battery for illuminating said signal head, a series of elon
gated cavities formed horizontally in the front of said
signal head, webs on the front of said signal head sepa
rating said cavities to provide light re?ecting surfaces at 5
directing light conducted from the light bulb within said
signal head onto the top and bottom surfaces of said
webs, and means on the light diffuser surfaces at the in
ner ends of said cavities for transmitting light rays of a
third color from said single light bulb.
the top and at the bottom with said cavities for trans
mitting light rays from the front of said signal head,
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
means on the top surfaces of said webs for transmitting
reflected light rays of one color, means on the bottom
surfaces of said webs for transmitting re?ected light rays 10
of a second color, light diffuser surfaces formed within
said signal head at the inner ends of said cavities for
UNITED STATES PATENTS
2,431,091
Thomas _____________ __ Nov. 18, 1931
2,567,046
Anderson ____________ ._ Sept. 4, 1951
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