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Патент USA US3082554

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March 26, 1963
3,082,544
A. cuRcl
TIME TEACHING DEVICE
Filed Nov. 19, 1959
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F161.
' INVENTOR
Alfred C'urci
ATTORNEY
United States Patent 0
1C€
Patented Mar. 26, 1963
2
1
which is ?xedly secured on frame 12. The said shaft
22 is rotatively secured in assembled relation by a snap
lock horseshoe fastener inserted in annular groove 24
formed on the lower extremity of shaft 22 (snap lock
3,082,544
TIME TEACHING DEVICE
Alfred Curci, 183 London Drive, Hamden 10, Conn.
'
3,082,544
an
Filed Nov. 19, 1959, Ser. No. 854,108
not shown).
The aforementioned electric motor 5 is yieldingly held
3 Claims. (Cl. 35-8)
This invention relates to a time announcing device
in frictional contact with the rubberized periphery of the
turntable ‘20 by spring means (not shown) whereby ener
basically consisting of a reproducible‘ sound record'and
gizing motor 5 by suitable means, turntable 20 and its
certain elements of a time clock whereby reproduction
>
of appropriate musical and vocal rhymes accompanied 10 ?xed shaft 22 rotate.
Substantially intermediate its extremities, the turntable
with tic-toe sound effects, is arranged to synchronize with >
the rotational movement of the time indicating mem
bers as they sweep the face of the clock and sequen
tially announce ‘each hour as it is indicated on the dial
shaft 22 is provided with worm 22a adapted to mesh
with, and rotate gear 25. Said gear 25 is ?xed on, and
rotates with minute arbor 16. The forward extremity
of the clock.
of the minute arbor '16 passes through perforation of dial
.
v
The prime object of this invention is to provide an
inexpensive, ornamental, entertaining, and educational
device‘, whereby a child will be entertained while readily
learning to tell time by listening and watching the ro
tating hands indicating time while simultaneously it is
announced vocally.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a pictorial view of the talking clock device
with parts'broken away to expose the related elements
17. Shaft 22 at its outward extremity terminates in a
reduced section threaded for reception ofnut 33 which
locks the long or minute hand 8 in slip-friction engage
ment on arbor 16 (to be described later). The hour
gear 26 is ?xed on a barrel or sleeve 27 and is revolubly
mounted on arbor 16. The outer extremity of sleeve
27 terminates in a reduced section and carries the hour
or short hand 7 in slip-friction engagement. The hour
reduction gears 28 and 29 respectively, are ?xed on and
25 rotate with arbor 30. In the drawings it will be noted
more clearly.
.
that the arbors 16 and 30 are journaled at the forward
- FIG. 2 is a fragmentary view taken on line 2—2 of
end in apertures of frame 12, while the rearward ex
FIG. 1 showing the gear train, frame, and outer casing
tremities of said arbors 16 and 30 terminate in 'reduced
in section.
I
sections journaled to suitable apertures of the VL-shaped
Referring to the drawings, it will be seen that the device
preferably’ consists of a plastic open top, box like outer 30 bracket 23. Said bracket 23 is fixed on and depends
casing 1 ?xedly secured to, or integral with a hollow
pedestal .2 disposed to house two ?ashlight batteries 3‘
and 4, which supply motive energy to electric drive
motor 5 (wiring and switch arrangement not shown).
A conventional clock vface 6 preferably of transparent
plastic is ?xedly secured to the forward face of the outer
casing 1 and to thelower portion of the pedestal 2.
Sturdy plastic hour and minute hands 7 and 8’ are ar
from frame 12.
A spring snap-lock type washer 16a
inserted in an annular groove of arbor 16 retains said
arbor and hour gear 26 in assembled relation.
In this present invention the gear 25 ?xed on minute
arbor '16 preferably is formed with 10 teeth, and its
coacting worm 22a ?xed on turntable shaft 22 is driven
at78' r.p.m. whereby the minute hand.8 and arbor 16
revolves one complete 360 degree circle in 7.8 seconds
making a total of 93.6 seconds for twelve revolutions of
ranged in convention-a1 fashion ‘on the face 6 of the
clock. A. removable vplastic transparent dome 10 has 40 the minute hand 8 in which time the hour hand 7 and
hour gear 26 will have revolved in ‘a 360 degree circle
?xedly secured to or integral with its rearward edge a
latticed plastic structure 11. The latticing permits free
and undampened sound emission.
to advance the hour hand 7 twelve hours.
1
The operation of the previously mentioned hour gear
. Resiliently supported within the casing 1 is frame 12. 45 26 in coaction with its related reduction gears is well
known in the art of clock making, and in this case, is
Resilient'frame supports (one is clearly seen in FIG.
substantially the same with one important exception, that
2 of the drawings) consists of four rubber grommets
is, that the train of gears is driven by the rotational move;
13 which‘are perforated being adapted for reception of
ment of turntable 20. A reproducible record 20a is
corresponding posts‘1‘4 formed on said casing 1. The
grommets have a reduced central portion to facilitate in 50 carried on said turntable, and in this case, has 93.6
seconds of sound grooves, consequently, when the sound
sertion into the four corresponding key-hole like slots
is reproduced by suitable means, the 93.6 seconds of
15 blanked out substantially in each corner of the frame
sound thereby'coincides with the 93.6 seconds required
12. It will be noted in the drawings that the afore
to rotate the minute hand 8 twelve revolutions, which
mentioned posts 14 are horizontally disposed at the front
and the two rear posts are upstanding or vertical; this 55 constitutes one cycle, whereupon, drive motor 5 is de
arrangement facilitates passing the projecting ‘minute
energized (to be explained later) terminating both sound
arbor 16 through the central perforation 17 of the dial
and rotation of the time indicators.
As previously mentioned, the hour and minute hands
or face 6.
are mounted on their respective arbors in slip-friction en
Referring ‘again to the drawings, it will be noted that
electric motor 5 (shown removed from the mechanism) 60 gagement. And to this end, the minute hand 8 cm
braces arbor 16 with a close, but not tight ?t. The hour
is adapted to be mounted for rocking movement by insert
hand 7 has ?xed within its central perfortion, a split,
ing motor trunnions 18 through corresponding perfora
barrel like spring 31 to frictionally grip hour arbor or
tion in the rubber grommets 19 which are keyed to per
sleeve 27. Interposed between hands 7 and 8 is spring
forations of brackets 19a formed on frame 12. Said
described means of supporting and mounting both frame 65 concave washer 32. Nut 33 received by threaded terminal
12 and motor 5 in resilient cushions effectively serves
of arbor 16 compresses spring washer 32 between oppos
to dampen the motor vibrations.
ing faces of hands 7 and 8, consequently, there is fric’
The turntable 20 is preferably of plastic, its periphery
tion enough between the spring 32 and said hands 7
is rimmed with a rubber band 21. Fixed centrally to
and 8 so that their respective arbors will carry the hands
said turntable 20 is vertical shaft 22 which is journaled 70 around, but not enough to resist a moderate push with
to a perforation of frame 12 at its upper portion, the
the ?nger for the purpose of altering the time indicated.
lower end passes through a perforation of bracket 23
This slip-friction arrangement is provided so that should
3,082,544
3
4
the device he inadvertently dropped, jarring the repro
the movement of said rotary time indicating members.
while said time indicating means may be altered manual
ducer 35 thereby altering synchronization by dislocating
needle 35a on record 20a, a manual rotation of the
ly so as to synchronize with the vocalized time.
2. In a time teaching device having a frame, the com~
clock-hands will restore the indicated time to coincide
with the vocal time.
‘
C1
In FIG. 1 of the drawings, the structures indicated
bination of a simulated clock having a graduated dial, a
pair of rotary time indicating members, a sound repro
by numerals 35—36~37—38—-39—4ti, constitute in
ducing device and record supporting rotary turntable both
part the means that will be incorporated in this present
invention for production of sound, and includes means
mounted on said frame with power means ‘for driving
said turntable, and means driven by said turntable; said
to restore the sound box 35 to original start position 10 time indicating members being carried by said driven
on completion of a sound cycle, and means to make and
means, whereby production of vocal time announcements
break a suitable cycling electrical circuit to the electric
coincide with the movement of said rotary time indicat
drive motor 5. The aforementioned are not described
ing members, said driven means comprising a member
herein, since they are speci?cally claimed in my pending
rotatable with said turntable and an arbor revolvably
application Serial No. 641,124, ?led Feb. 19, 1957. Be 15 driven by said rotatable member, said arbor earring ‘a
cause the structure is simple and inexpensive, it is con
gear with a sleeve ?xed thereto with'said sleeve and
templated incorporating the sound producing means
claimed in the pending application just previously men
tioned, however, it is to be understood, if desired, varied
arbor journaled to and extending through said frame,
said sleeve and arbor carrying said time indicating mem
bers in slip-friction engagement such that the indicated
forms of mechanical or electrical sound producers may 20 time may be altered manually to ‘synchronize with the
be substituted.
vocalized time.
'
'
In the operation of this described device, a ?nger in
3. In a time teaching device, the combination of a
serted through suitable perforation 41, provided in dome
simulated clock having a graduated dial, a pair of rotary
10, engages switch means (not shown) whereby an in
time indicating members mounted by slip-friction means,
wardly push establishes an electrical circuit to drive motor 25 a frame, a sound reproducing device on said frame in
5 (wiring not shown) thereby rotating turnable 2%} which
carries sound record 20a, and simultaneously, time indi
cators or pointers 7 and 8 begin rotating, driven through
cluding a turntable mounted on said frame, a bracket
depending from said frame, ‘aligned apertures in said
bracket and frame arranged for journaling a turntable
shaft, said turntable supporting a reproducible sound
22a formed on turntable shaft 22. Sound production of 30 record, power drive means'to rotate said ‘turntable to pro
record 20a, by suitable means, coincides with rotation
duce audible vocal time announcements, means driving
of hands 7 and 8, whereby each hour is announced se
the said pair of time indicating members including a
quentially, vocally coinciding with indicated time. Pref~
train of gears driven by said turntable thereby actuating
erably, a cycle starts and ?nishes at twelve o’clock.
said time indicating members whereby said vocal time
As previously mentioned, the means which restore the 35 announcements are synchronized with time indicated .by
sound box to original start position on completion of a
said time indicating members, means to drive said time
suitable gears, which in turn, are driven by worm means
cycle, means to open the electrical circuit to motor 5,
thereby terminating both sound ‘and rotation of the time
indicators, are speci?cally claimed in pending application
Serial No. 641,124, ?led Feb. 19, 1957.
Since substitutes may ‘be made for the dial and time
indicators, enabling synchronization of other appropriate
sounds with suitable actions, it is to be understood, that
the preferred embodiment of this invention shown in
the drawings and described herein, is purely illustrative 45
and not restrictive, therefore the appended claims are in
tended to cover all substitutes which fall within their
scope.
I claim:
1. In a time teaching device having a frame, the com 50
bination of a simulated clock having a graduated dial,
a pair of rotary time indicating members, a sound re
producing device and record supporting rotary turntable
both mounted on said frame with power means for driv
indicating members comprising a worm ?xed on said
turntable ‘shaft, a driven worm-engaging gear ?xed on ‘an
arbor, said arbor being embraced by a second revolubly
mounted gear being driven through a train of reduction
gears, one of which meshes with said worm engaging
gear, said reduction gears ‘being ?xed on a second arbor
whose opposite ends are journaled to apertures of .said
frame and bracket depending from said frame.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
vUNITED STATES PATENTS
1,059,474
1,170,325
1,445,617
1,534,068
1,975,907
2,279,119
ing said turntable, and means driven by said turntable, 55 2,412,061
2,885,142
said time indicating members being carried by said driven
means in slip-friction engagement therewith such that
production of vocal time announcements coincide with
243,061
Laird ________________ __ Apr. 22,
P-oposkey _____________ _.. Feb. 1,
Jehu' ________________ __ Feb. 13,
McIntyre ____________ .. Apr. 21,
Strauss _______________ __ Oct. 9,
1913
1916
1923
1925
1934
Freimann __ ___________ .._ Apr. 7, 1942
Quidas _______________ __ Dec. 3, 1946
Eberhart ________ __' ____ __ May 5, 1959
FOREIGN PATENTS
Germany _____________ __ Feb. ‘2, 1912
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