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Патент USA US3082931

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March 26, 1963
C. SADOWSKY
3,082,921
COLLAPSIBLE GARMENT HANGERS
Filed Feb. 28, 1961
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United States ~Fatent
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3,082,921
COLLAPSIBLE GARMENT HANGERS
Charles Sadewsky, 372 Great Neck Road,
Great Neck, N.Y.
Filed Feb. 28, 1961, Ser. No. 92,211
3 Claims. (Ci. 223-94)
3,082,92l
Patented Mar. 26, 1963
2
19 are located in vertically facing engagement and coin
cident with each other, so that the hook element 19 is
obscured behind the hook element 18. However, at the
upper ends of the hook elements 18 and 19' are carried
respective abutment elements 2t) and 21 for limiting abut
ting engagement with each other, as will appear presently.
In their upstanding, coincident relation, the hook ele
This invention relates generally to garment hangers,
ments 18 and 19 combine to denne an upstanding, down
and is especially concerned with a new and improved col
wardly opening, hook-shaped suspension member, gen
lapsible garment hanger.
_
10 erally designated 23.
The outstanding arms 11 and 12 are disposed substan
As is well-known, considerable difficulty is experienced
tially coplanar in a' generally vertical plane. More spe
in the insertion and removal of garment hangers from
garments, as -through the neck of a lady’s dress, in addi
cilically, the arm 11 includes a laterally outstanding web
tion to frequent damage to the garment resulting from in
25 disposed in a igenerally vertical plane, the web 25 hav
sertion and removal of a hanger.
15 ing its inner region 13 offset vertically upward, as by
Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention
the upwardly offsetting portion 26, and having its outer
to provide a garment hanger which overcomes the above
region 27 curving obliquely downward. Along the upper
mentioned difficulties, being quickly and easily collap
edge of the vertical web 25 is formed a relatively thick
sible for engagement in and removal from a garment,
bead or flange 28 which extends in arcuate form, as at
such as a lady’s dress, with a minimum of difficulty, and 20 29, about the outer end of web 25 and terminates at 30,
without damage to the garment.
'
on the underside of the web proximate to its outer end.
It is a further object of -the present invention to pro
'Ille relatively thick or heavy upper edge flange or bead
vide a collapsible garment hanger having the advanta
geous characteristics mentioned in the preceding para
28 overhangs both sides of the web 25 and extends in
ward and upward along the upper edge of offsetting web
graph which is extremely simple in construction, staunch 25 portion 26, where it terminates at 31 on the rear or inner
and durable in use, being positively locked in its extended
side of the inner end region 13, but continues on the outer
or set-up condition to prevent the falling of a hung gar
or forward side thereof terminating in a generally semi
ment, and which is capable of economical mass produc
circular bead portion 34- along the innermost edge of
tion for distribution and sale at a reasonable price.
the inner end region 13. A lower edge flange or bead
Other objects of the present invention will become ap 30 32, of considerably less thickness or width extends along
parent upon reading the following speciiication and re
the lower edge of web 25, overhanging both sides thereof,
ferring to the accompanying drawings, which form a ma
and terminates on the forward or outer side at the end
terial part of this disclosure.
portions 30 and 34 of the upper edge bead 28. As best
The invention accordingly consists in the features of
seen in FIGURE 3, the inner or rear surface of the web
construction, combinations of elements, and arrange 35 25, at the inner end region 13 is recessed, and substan
ments of parts, which will be exemplified in the construc
tially entirely llat, as at 33, the lower bead 32 terminat
tion hereinafter described, and of which the scope will be
ing on the rear or inner side at 45 just short of the re
indicated by the appended claims.
In the drawings:
cess 33.
ment hanger of the instant invention, being illustrated
having its inner end region 14 vertically offset by an
offsetting portion 36, and having its outer end region 37
The outstanding arm 12 is similar to the arm 111, in
FIGURE 1 is a front elevational View showing a gar 40 cluding a laterally outstanding, vertically disposed web 35
in solid lines in its extended condition of ilse, and in
dot-and-dash outline swung out of its extended condi
tion;
FIGURE 2 is atop view of the hanger of FIGURE l;
FIGURE 3 is a partial sectional View taken substan
curving obliquely downward.
A relatively wide upper edge bead orl flange 38 extends
along the upper edge of web 35, overhanging forwardly
and rearwardly thereof, extending outward toan arcuate
tially along the line 3_3 of FIGURE l;
FIGURE 4 is a sectional view taken substantially along
portion 39 about the outer end of web 35 and terminating
at 4a on the underside of the latter web adjacent to the
the line 4_4 of FIGURE l; and
FIGURE 5 is a partial top view showing the hanger of
FIGURE 1 swung toward its collapsed condition.
Referring now more particularly to the drawings, the
outer end thereof. The relatively heavy upper edge bead
38 continues inward along the upper edge of oifsetting
web portion 35 and terminates just inward of the latter
hanger of the instant invention is there generally desig
nated 10, and includes a pair of laterally outstanding
portion on the inner or forward side of the web 35. 0n
the rearward or outer side of the inner end region 14,
see FIGURES 3 and 4, the upper edge bead or `flange 38
members or arms 11 and 12, which have their inner
continues to an arcuate end 44 in the manner of arcuate
regions 13 and 14, respectively, in vertically facing or 55 end 34 on the forward side.
overlapping engagement, see FIGURE 3. A pivot 15,
Extending along the lower edge of web 35, from the
such as a tubular rivet may extend horizontally through
bead end 44 to the beadl end 4t) is a lower edge flange orthe overlapping inner end regions 13 and 14 of the arms
bead 42. On the forward or inner side of the ‘web 35, the
11 and 12 to pivotally connect the arms together, A
lower edge bead 42 continues from the bead end 4t? in
washer or spacer 16 may be circumposed about one end 6.0 ward to and terminates at a point 43 just inward of the
of the rivet 15 to facilitate pivotal or relative swingingV
offsetting web portion 36 and substantially directly below
movement of the arms 11 and 12.
the upper bead termination 41.
Upstanding from respective inner end regions 13 and
As with the recessed inner end region surface 33, the
1_4 of the arms 11 and 12 are a pair of downwardly open
inner end. region 14 has its forward or inner surface 46
65
ing hook elements 18 and 19. In the extended solid
recessed and substantially flat for facing vertical engage
line condition of FIGURE l, the hook elements 18 and
ment with the surface 33. The pivot means 15, 16 is
3: ose, 921
4
located generally centrally of the facing engaging surfaces
ment of the abutment-element surfaces 56 and 58 serve
to stop or limit downward swinging movement of the
arms 11 and 12. More specifically, the abutting-element
surface 56 faces obliquely forward or toward the side of
its carrying hook element 1S and obliquely toward the
direction of hook-element movement into the extended
condition of hanger use. Similarly, the surface 58 of
abutment element 21 extends obliquely rearward or
toward the side of its’carrying hook element 19, and also
33 and 46 and connects the arms 11, 12 for swinging
downi'ard movement toward each' other from their illus
trated, solid-line outstanding condition.
The hook element 1S is substantially ñat in a Vertical
plane and provided on its forward or outer side with a
bead 5t) extending substantially entirely about the periph
ery of the hook element and terminating at the inner end
region 13 of the arm 11. Further, the inner or rearward
surface S1 of the forward hook element 1%5 is substantiaiiy 10 obliquely toward the direction of movement in the ex
hat and coplanar with the flat inner or rearward recessed
tending operation. When the arms 11 and 12 are fully
surface 33 of arm region 13.
set up or extended and the hook elements 18 and 19 in
Similarly, the hook element 19, which in its opstanding
their coincident relation, the abutment surfaces 56 and 58
relation is congruent and coincident with the hook ele
engage each other to limit further swinging movement of
ment 18, is provided on its rear or outer side with a
the arms. By this construction, downward swinging
bead 52 extending substantially peripherally about the
movement of the arms 11 and 12 beyond that of its fully
extended condition is positively prevented, so that gar
hook. element 19 and terminating at the juncture of the
hook element with the inner end region 14 of arm 12.
ments will not inadvertently fall from the hanger. Also,
The inner or forward surface 53 of the hook element 19
the forward facing obliqueness of surface 56 on forward
is substantially flat and coplanar with the inner or for 20 ly carried abutment element 55 tends to urge the rear
ward recessed surface ¿i6 of the inner arm end region 14.
hook element 19 forward, which action is also effected by
rl`he surfaces 33 and 46 of the inner arm end regions 13
the rearward facing obiiqueness of surface 58 on the rear
and 14 are recessed an amount such that in their facing
wardly carried abutment element 57, so that the hook
engagement, »the total or combined maximum horizontal
elements are constantly maintained in relatively staunch
4thickness of the facing inner end regions is approximately
equal to the horizontal thickness of each upper end flange
facing engagement with each other under the weight of
or bead 23 and'SS. Further, the ñanges or beads 2S and
38 are each of a substantially constant horizontal thick
ness outward from the respective terminations 31 and 41.
their collapsed, dot-and-dash-outline position from the
a garment.
However, if it is desired to swing the arms 11 and 12 to
extended, solid-line position, it is only necessary to move
Also, the horizontal thickness of flange 2S is substantially 30 the arms slightiy upward toward each other suilicient to
equal to that of flange 38, which dimension is the maxi
permit resilient deiiection of the hook elements 18 and 19
mum horizontal thickness of its respective arm.
out of their facing engagement. With the hook elements
18 and 19 deflected away from each other suflicient to
permit the lugs 29 and 21 to pass each other, the arms
extends rearward over the adjacent upper region of rear 35 11 and 12 may be swung downward toward each other,
hook element 19, as at SS, and is formed lwith an abutting
thereby serving to swing the hook elements 18 and 19
surface 56 disposed in a generally vertical plane and ex
away from each other, to assume the collapsed, phantom
tending oblique to the plane of facing hook-element sur
condition of FiGURE 1.
faces 51 and 53. Similarly, the rear hook element 19 is
Although the present invention has been described in
provided on an upper region with the abutment element 40 some detail by way of illustration and example for pur
or lug 21 which extends forward, as at 57, over the adja
poses of clarity of understanding, it is understood that
cent upper region of hook element 1S, One surface 58
certain changes and modifications may be made within the
of the abutment element 21 is disposed generally verti
spirit of the invention and scope of the appended claims.
Extending from the upper region of hook` element 18
is the abutment element 20. The abutment element 20
caliy and oblique to the facing surfaces 51 and 53 of the
What is claimed is:
hook> elements.
1. A collapsible garment hanger comprising a pair
The surface 58 of the lug 2i! is remote from the free
of laterally outstanding arms having their inner end
end of the hook element 18, and the surface 5S of the
regions in vertically facing relation, horizontal pivot means
lug 21 is proximate to the free end of the hook element
connecting the facing inner end regions of said arms for
19. Further, the lug 2€) is formed with an oblique sur
Iswinging movement of the distal arm ends upward away
face 56a, generally parallel to the surface 56, which is 50 from each other and downward toward each other, a
proximate to the free end of the hook element 18», while
pair of hook elements upstanding respectively from the
the lug 21 is formed with an oblique surface 58a, sub
inner end regions of said arms and configured to be in
stantially parallel to the surface 58, which is remote from
vertical facing releasably engaging relation and combin
the free end of the hook element 19,
ing to deiine a suspension member when said arms ex
In swinging the arms 11 and 12 upward toward each 55 tend laterally outward, said hook elements each being
other, from the collapsed phantom condition of FEGURE
1 to the solid-line condition thereof, it wiil be observed,
of downwardly opening configuration and substantially
i each other, providing a camming action effecting resilient
deiiection of the hook elements 18 and 19 away from
ments carried on said hook elements and releasably en
congruent to each other and relatively oriented so that
see FIGURE 5, that the hook elements 18 and 19 swing
they are in coincidence and registration in their upstanding
toward each other into overlapping relation with their
_ relation, said hook elements- being swingable out of their
surfaces S1 and 53 in facing engagement. Further, the 60 suspension~rnember-detining relation when said arms are
oblique surfaces 55a and 58a engage with and ride upon
swung downward toward each other, and abutment ele
gageable with each other upon upward swinging move
each other suñicient to permit the lugs 2t? and 21 to pass.
ment of said arms to their laterally outstanding condition
At the moment when the lugs 2G and 21 pass each other, 65
to limit «said downward swinging arm movement, whereby
the hook elements 18 and 19 are slightly beyond their
said arms are adapted to support the weight of a garment
congruent solid-line condition of FIGURE 1, and may
with
said suspension member engaged over a supporting
resiliently return to facing engagement. Also, the hook
rod.
elements 18 and 19 may return to congruent or coincident
relation.
Further, as best seen in FIGURE 2, with the hook ele
70
2. A collapsible garment hanger «according to claim l,
said abutment elements including respective releasably
engaging surfaces each facing obliquely away from the
ments 13 and 19 in their coincident, suspension-meinber
direction of hook-element movement upon movement of
deiining condition, the oblique abutment surfaces 56 and
said arms toward each other, said abutment elements
58 are in facing engagement with each other. In the
solid-line position of FIGURES l and 2, abutting engage 75 each extending out of the plane of its respective hook
3,082,921
5
6
elements aCrOSS the plane of the other hOOk Clement ÍOT
other and effect resilient ideñection of `said hook elements
abutting feleasabïe engagement Wîîh @ach Othel‘away from each other out of said facing relationship.
3. A collapsible garment hanger accoi‘ding to claim 1,
said hook elements being resiliently detlectabie away from
References Cited in the ñle of this patent
each other for movement out of said facing reiation 5
UNITED STATES PATENTS
suñìcient to permit said abutment elements to pass each
other upon downward movement of said arms toward
912 047
each other, said abutment elements being provided with
1 097’889
Sommer ““““““““
cam surfaces engageable with each other upon upward
2’440’637
Lowe
movement of said arms toward their extended condition, 10
2’582’669
Battle “““““““““““““““ "_ Jan" 15’ 195'2
said cam surfaces causing said lugs to ride over each
Thomas
_ ___
__ Feb 9
'm
1909
May'26’ 1914
-------------- "_ Apr 27’ 1948
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