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Патент USA US3083387

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April 2, 1963
w. J. PETERSON
NAIL ASSEMBLY
Filed June 8. 1961
3,083,369
United States PatentfO?Fice
3,083,369
Patented Apr. 2, 1963
1
3,083,369
NAIL ASSEMBLY
Wiiliam J. Peterson, Warwick, R.I., a'ssignor to Eostitch,
Inn, East Greenwich, RL, a corporation of Rhode
Island
I
’
Fiied June 8, 1961, Ser. No. 115,782
4 Claims. (Chi-456)
the present invention as embodied in the strip illustrated
in FIG. 1 comprises a plurality of conventional nails
formed into, an array in which they are arranged in side
by-side relation with their heads 12, 12 adjacent each
other at one side or margin'of the array and their points
13, 13 adjacent-each other at'the other sideof the array.
The shanks 1'4, 14'of the individual nails are parallel to
This invention relates to an assembly or'package of
each other, and a-pair of spaced frangible wires :16, '18
‘which ‘are flexible and continuous extend transversely of
nails for use in a nailing machine and pertains more spe 10 the shanks of the nails and are bonded to the shank of
ci?cally to an assembly or package in which the connect
each nail.
ing means for holding thenails in position with respect
The nails are so arranged'that the heads of each adja
to each other also serves to enhance the holding power
cent pair are substantially level with each other and
of the individual nails after they have been separated
spaced apart justfar enough ‘to-permit each nail to be
from the package and have been driven.
15 moved axially'during the driving operation without inter
There have been various previous proposals’for pack
ference from the heads of adjacent nails. Wires 16, 118
aging'nails in the form of an assembly or strip, but these
are spaced from each other to provide stability for the
proposals have suffered from a number of shortcom
‘assembly ‘and ‘are also ‘spaced from headsIZ of the nails
ings. In some'cases, ‘after separating individual nails
by ‘a distance greater than the length of the segment of
from the ‘assembly, there has remained a strip of ma 20 wire extending- between each pair'of adjacent nails. The
terial which must be disposed of. ‘In ‘other cases the
wires are also spaced from the points 13 of'the nails,
binder element securing the individual nails together has
been lacking in su?‘icient strengthor'durability to'pro
vide a product of practical utility,'or has been of sucha
preferably being beyond the convergingfacets 19 which
pearance after the nails are driven.
be understood that any other form of nails may be em
form each point. For simplicity of manufacture it is
preferred that wires 16, 18 be parallel to each other al
nature that it tends-to obstruct ‘any nailing machine in 25 though this feature is not'essen'tia'l. Close spacing of the
which the ‘assembly is used. In some cases also a part of
nails is preferred .to'provide the maximum possible num
the binder element has remained attached to the nails
ber of nails in a given volume.
adjacent their heads and has presented'an unsightly ap
‘While common nails are shown in the drawing, it will
’
One object of the present invention is‘to provide ‘an 30 ployed in the ‘present invention including spikes, brads,
assembly or, package in which the nails are securely held
pins and pointless and headless nails. The frangible
in predetermined alignment by elements which exhibit no
‘wires 16, 18 may be bonded to the shanks of the indi
tendency to foul nailing‘ machines in Which the assembly
vidual nails by any suitable means such as by brazing or
or package is used,'which presents no problem of disposal
spot-welding. These wires are preferably of soft steel
of surplus material, and ‘which ‘leaves no unsightly rem
and are of su’ch'a gauge that they may readily be broken
nants clinging to the nail heads after the nails ‘have been
by the-driving member of the nailing machine. In the
driven
embodiment illustrated in FIG. \1 the location at which
.Another object is to provide apackage or assembly
these “wires break 'between'individual nails will be “more
containing the maximum number of nails in a given vol
or less random, the break usually occurring immediately
ume while simultaneously maintaining the nails con 40 ‘adjacent ‘the point of attachment of the wire to the shank
nected to each other and in predetermined alignment ‘to
of thefnail. O'n’the ='average therefore, each nail at the
facilitate feeding of the nails'i'n‘t‘o a nailing machine.
time it’ is {driven will carry ‘with it ‘a portion of each Wire,
'Still another object is to provide a package ‘or assembly
"as illustrated in FIG. _7, the wire bending upwardly as
of nails of simple ‘and ‘inexpensive construction.
the fragment of wire .18 is illustrated in FIG. 7, during
Still a further object is to provide a ?exible strip _of 45 "the'penetration of the workpiece by the nail. These
nails held together in aligned relationship and coiled in
compact form :for use in a nailing machine.
_
Other and further objects will be apparent from the
drawings and from the description which follows:
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a view in side elevation showing a strip
which is one embodiment ‘of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an isometric view on an enlarged scale‘ partly
broken away showing another embodiment of the'inven
tion;
residual fragments of wires 16, 13 consequently serve to
anchorjthe driven nail ?rmly in position ‘and provide it
‘with additional holding power. Because the wires 16, 18
are both spaced‘from‘ the nail beads by a distance greater
‘than the length of the segment between adjacent nails, no
portion of the wire fragment is long enough to be visible
on the-surface of the workpiece after the nail has been
driven.
‘Since thelfrac'turingof’the wires in the embodiment
illustrated in FIG. -1'is random, as pointed out above,
“some of the individual‘nails when separated from such
‘an ‘assembly may retain only one fragment of wire and
"indeed occasionally'may retain no fragments. ‘In this
FIG. 3 is an isometric view showing one form of coil
into which the strip of FIG. 1 may be formed;
FIG. 4 is an isometric view showing another form of
coil into which the strip of FIG. 1 may be formed;
case the projecting portion of the spot-weld or braze
FIG. 5 is a view in section taken along line 5—-5 of 60 which secured the Wire to the nail shank will perform
FIG. 4 showing the relationship of the nails in the various
the function of anchoring the nail in the workpiece.
convolutions of the coil;
FIG. 6 is a view in side elevation showing ‘another
embodiment of the invention;
If it is desired to provide absolutely uniform break
age of the wire at predetermined locations, each wire
may be coined between adjacent ‘nails to provide pre
65
FIG. 7 is a view in elevation partly broken away and
determined zones of weakness 20, 20, as illustrated in
in section showing an individual’ nail in the process of
FIG. 2.
being driven into a workpiece after separation from the
The assembly of nails as described above may be fed
remainder of the package; and
into the magazine of a nailing machine in flat form
FIG. 8 is a view in side elevation showing still another
70 as shown in FIG. 1. If desired, particularly in those
embodiment of the invention.
cases where only a relatively small number of nails is
As shown in the drawings, the assembly or package of
required for any given operation, individual lengths con
3,083,369
taining live to two hundred nails, depending upon the
nail size, may conveniently be employed in this fashion.
However, when a larger supply of nails is desired for
the machine, the strip illustrated in FIG. 1 is preferably‘
coiled up as shown in FIGS. 3 or 4 of the drawing.
The coil may take one of two convenient ‘forms which
4
tory results are obtained with ?at wire as well as with
round wire. in some situations, particularly in the case
of large nails or spikes it may 1be desirable to employ
three or even more wires for securing the nails together.
The gauge of the wire is not critical, being selected to
provide the maximum number of nails in a given volume.
As illustrated in P16. 3, the heads of the nails in each
convolution of the coil are in overlapping relation with;
the heads of the nails in adjacent convolutions. In this:
form, however, the nail heads of each outer convolu
tion are beneath those of the next adjacent inner con
volution so that the head end of the coil assumes a coni
provide adequate holding strength for maintaining the
nails in position in the assembly or package and small
enough so that the wire may readily be broken to permit
the individual nails to be detached during operation of
the nailing machine. In the case of small nails, the wire
may be as small as 0.005 inch gauge. For heavy nails
or spikes it may be as heavy as 0.050 inch.
It will be appreciated that While speci?c arrangements
of vnails have been illustrated above, there are numerous
cal form. In the other form of coil, as illustrated in
FIGS. 4 and 5, the heads of the nails in each outer con 15 variations which are possible in the geometric relation
ship between the nails of the assembly by arranging the
volution are above the nail heads of‘ the next adjacent
heads of the nails in level or overlapping relation and
inner convolution. in this form the head end of the coil
by arranging the shanks of the nails either in parallel
is also conical but the center of the cone is depressed
instead or' raised or convex.
-
‘or non-parallel relationship.
Although speci?c embodiments of the invention have
in still another embodiment of the invention, as illus'e 20
been
described herein, it is not intended to limit the
trated in FIG. 6, the individual nails of the strip as
invention solely thereto, but to include all of the obvious
sembly are arranged so that the heads of adjacent nails
variations and modifications within the spirit and scope
are in overlapping relation, the head of each successive
nail being beneath the head of the next preceding nail
in the assembly. In this embodiment the shanks of the
individual nails are not arranged in parallel relation but
are convergent toward their points, resulting in an ar
of the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. An assembly for use in a nailing machine comprising
an array of nails arranged in side-by-side relation with
their points adjacent each other and closely spaced apart
cuate strip assembly adapted to be employed in a nail
to permit each nail to be moved axially in the direction of
ing machine having a magazine of di?erent design from
that in which the previous embodiments of the inven 30 its point without interference from adjacent nails, and a
plurality of spaced-apart, ?exible, frangible wires ex
tion may be employed. The wires 22, 24 which are
tending transversely of and bonded to each of the shanks
‘bonded to the individual nails vfunction to hold the as
of said nails, each nail being adapted to be separated from
sembly together in the same fashion as the wires of
the remaining nails of said assembly by breaking said
the previous embodiments, being spaced from each other
as well as from the heads and points of the nails, and 35 wires, the length of each wire remaining attached to each
nail after separation from the assembly, measured from
the wires break in the same fashion when the individual
the bond to the ‘free end of the wire, being less than the
This embodiment. may be made by
distance from its point of attachment to the head of the
?rst constructing the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, then
nail, so that, when each nail is completely driven by the
moving each successive nail axially with respect to the
next preceding nail in the array while urging the points 40 nailing machine any Wires remaining attached to the nail
are embedded in the material.
toward each other, thus bending the wires 22, 24 be
2. An assembly as claimed in claim 1 in which each of
nails are driven.
tween nails, as shown.
in another embodiment, shown in FIG. 8, the heads
of successive nails in the array are arranged in, over
said wires has a zone of weakness between each adjacent
pair of nails to promote breakage of each wire as sep
from said assembly.
lapping relation while the shanks remain parallel to 45 arated
3. An assembly as claimed in claim 1 in which each
each other. This embodiment may also be formed by
said Wire is spot-welded to each said shank.
?rst making the embodiment of FIG. 1, then moving
4. An assembly as de?ned in claim 1 in which the dis
each successive nail in the array axially so as to bend
tance between the head of each nail and the location at
or kink the wires 26, 23.
50 which each wire is bonded to the shank of the nail is
While the number of nails which may be formed into
greater than the length of each said wire extending be
the arcuate strip assembly illustrated in H6. 6 is usu
tween bonds to adjacent nails.
ally more limited than the number of nails which may
be embodied in a coiled package, such as illustrated in
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
FIGS. 3 to 5, it will ‘be appreciated that the strip of
UNITED STATES PATENTS
HG. 6 may be continued through an are greater ‘than
360°, in which case the strip may overlap itself with
two or more layers being provided in a direction per
pendicular to the plane of the strip.
While any conventional wire may be employed for 6 O
securing the nails together, a soft steel wire is preferred,
as pointed out above.
It has been found that satisfac
8,202
115,567
1,046,665
2,784,405
2,909,781
Crosby ______________ __ July 8,
Campbell ____________ __ June 6,
Smith ______________ __ Dec. 10,
Working ____________ __ Mar. 12,
Ollig _______________ __ Oct. 27,
1851
1871
1912
1957
1959
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