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Патент USA US3083511

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April 2, 1963
3,083,501
B. E. BALTHAZOR
CAB AND LIKE STRUCTURE FOR TOY VEHICLES
Filed Feb. 6, 1961
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
46
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INVENTOR.
B. E. BALTHAZOR
ATTORNEY
April 2, 1963
B. |-:. BALTHAZOR
3,083,501
CAB AND LIKE STRUCTURE FOR TOY VEHICLES
Filed Feb. 6, 1961
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
. 6
INVENTOR
B. E. BALTHAZOR
' .144,’
ATTORNEY
‘ ate
A."
.712
s.
3,83,591
it,
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Patented Apr. 2, 1983
1
2
connection with the multi-window unit, it is an object to
3,083,501
provide the arrangement in such manner that once the
Bernard E. Balthazar, Molina, Ill., assignor, by mesne as
signments, to Buddy I. Corporation, East Moline, IlL, a
corporation of Delaware
Filed Feb. 6, 1961, Ser. No. 87,375
5 (Jlairns. (Cl. 46-—223)
unit is assembled between the cab top and bottom it will
remain in place against relative displacement during nor
CAB AND LIKE STRUCTURE F 0R T0‘! VEI-liCLE?
This invention relates to a toy vehicle and more par
ticularly to improved cab and similar structure therefor.
The design and manufacture of toy vehicles as either
simulations or scale-models of actual vehicles present sev—
eral problems, since these toys, like many others, can be
economically produced only by mass-production methods.
mal usage.
The foregoing and other important objects and desir
able features inherent in and encompassed by the inven
tion will become apparent as a preferred embodiment
thereof is disclosed, by way of example, in the ensuing
description and accompanying sheets of drawings, the
?gures of which are described below.
FIGURE 1 is an elevation of ‘a representative toy
vehicle embodying the invention.
FIGURE 2 is an enlarged section as seen along the
The desire of the designer to simulate so far as possible 15 line 2—2 of FIGURE 1.
actual vehicle structure leads to rather ingenius solutions
FIGURE 3 is a similarly enlarged section as seen along
of some of these problems, but in many cases adequate
the line 3-—3 of FIGURE 1.
solutions have not been afforded and in other areas there
FIGURE 4 is a section, drawn to the scale of FIG
is room for improvement in the development of structural
URES 2 and 3, as seen along the line 4-4 of FIGURE 1.
and functional detail.
20
FIGURE 5 is a similar section, as seen along the line
For example, in the embodiment of a toy vehicle
5-—5 of FIGURE 1.
simulating a truck having an operator’s cab, it has here
FIGURE 6 is a fragmentary view showing two com
tofore been relatively common to provide a simulated
ponents in what might be regarded as a pie-assembled
windshield but, so far as is known, no toy vehicle has a
condition in which the vehicle is inverted.
cab structure embodying a one-piece construction in~ 25
FIGURE 7 shows the pre-assembled components just
eluding, in addition to the windshield, window panes for
the opposite sides and rear of the cab. Accordingly, it
is one of the principal objects of the invention to pro
vide such combination window-pane structure including
prior to completion of the assembly in which the multi
window unit is installed.
FIGURE 8 is a perspective of the multi-window unit.
The vehicle chosen for the purposes of illustration is of
front, rear and opposite side window panes. It is a fur 30 the pick-up type having a forward part 10 including
ther object to provide this structure in the form of a one
components of the hood, side walls and front fenders, and
piece element of relatively rigid transparent material,
a rearward cargo-carrying box 12, the two of which make
which may be any one of the well-known high-impact
up a longitudinal or fore-and-aft body carried on front
plastics suitable for that purpose.
and rear wheels 14 and 16 respectively.
35
In those instances in which the vehicles are formed of
The front part 10 is preferably formed of sheet metal
sheet metal, for example, the die problem becomes acute,
and in addition to the hood and front fenders includes
and it has been found feasible to form several components
opposite side walls 18 and a rear wall 20, all of which are
and ultimately to assemble these. This presents subsidiary
generally upright and all of which terminate at upper por
problems in painting and assembling, for it is desirable
tions in the form of inwardly turned integral ?anges 22
to pro-assemble as many components as possible and run 40 for the walls 13 and 24 for the rear wall 20. The hood
this assembly through the paint line rather than running
the separate components through the paint line. In those
is extended rearwardly as a transverse front ?ange 26, and
these ?anges respectively establish front, rear and oppo
site side portions or elements of a generally horizontally
the ?nal assembly, the structure must be such ‘as to lend
deck structure indicated in its entirety by the numeral 28.
45
itself to addition of these unpainted components after
In a preferred embodiment, these portions or ?anges will
the painting process is completed. This is particularly
be horizontally coplanar; although, some deviations may
true ‘in the case of a windshield or combination multi
be permitted without affecting the signi?cant aspects of
pane window unit as provided [according to the present
the invention. The die in which the forward part 19 is
cases in which unpainted components ultimately appear in
invention, for obviously such unit, if preassembled,
formed of one-piece construction is so designed that in
would be painted along with the rest of the vehicle unless 50 the formation of the ?ange 22, 24 and 26, a generally
masked, an expensive procedure. Therefore, it is an im
rectangular opening 30 is provided. The shape of this
portant object of the present invention to provide a cab
opening of course establishes the generally rectangular of
structure in which the cab top may be partially pre
these ?anges as viewed from above. As best seen in
assembled in such manner as to subsequently ‘allow the
FIGURE 4, the inner marginal portions of the ?anges 22,
insertion and ?nal assembly of an unpainted component 55 24- and 26 may be downwardly turned to afford a margi
such as the combination multi-window unit just referred
nal reenforcing rim 32.
to. Although it is known to provide a cab top having a
The front part of the vehicle, to the extent that it in
pre-assembled position accommodating painting, such
cludes the walls 18, I8 and 26', together with the forward
prior structure does not allow for the insertion of rela 60 portion 26 of the deck structure 23, may be said to de?ne
tively bulky components such as the multi-window unit
an operator’s compartment having the rectangular open—
provided according to the present invention. It is there
ing 39. In the assembled vehicle, this operator’s com
partrnent is completed by the addition of a cab top, indi
fore an object of the invention to provide the cab top
cated in its entirety by the numeral 34 and a window pane
with cooperating parts associated with the remainder of
the vehicle so as to allow such pre-assembly that will 65 unit in the form of a generally rectangular one-piece ele
ment 36 of relatively rigid transparent material, which
maintain the cab top in pre-assembled position during the
may be any of the well-known‘ high-impact plastics. As
painting operation and yet will allow insertion of the
seen in FIGURE 1, the unit or structural element 36 is
multi-window unit. In this respect, it is a subsidiary
“sandwiched” between the deck structure 28 and the cab
object to provide a pre-assembled relationship such that
the connections between the cab top and the remainder 70 34. It is in the manner of assembly and the completed
relationship among the several components that certain
of the vehicle will withstand separation even though the
novel features of the invention reside, which will be ap
vehicle is inverted top from" bottom or end for end. In
parent from the following.
4
structure 28 has therein an aperture in the form of a
,fore-and-aft slot 53, and these. slots are of course trans
oration, since, if the window unit 36 were previously in
stalled, it would have to be masked to prevent the appli
cation of paint thereto. The mounting of the cab 34 on
versely spaced apart and are transversely alined (ElGURE
the deck structure 28 will now be described.
2). The rear or transverse portion 24 of the deck struc
ture 23 has therein a pair of apertures 1n the form or a
roof 42 to a terminal free end and these ends are arranged
Each of the fore-and-aft or side portions 22 of the deck
pair of transversely spaced apart and alined transverse
slots lit}.
These slots are of course spaced rearwardl ’ of
Each of theipillars 4'4 and 45 depends from the cab
generally in rectangular fashion to correspond respective_
ly with the generally rectangular arrangement of the deck
structure slots 3-8 and 4%). The terminal ends of the rear
‘the alined front slots 38.
The cab 34 comprises essentially a top or roof 42, a 10 pillars 45 are identified by the numerals 65, and each of
these is in the form of a transversely directed cam and
pair of front supports or pillars 4.4 (EEPURES 5, 6 and
hook element 68. As best seen in FIGURES 2 and 4,
7) and a pair of rear supports or pillars do.
the transverse dimension between the outer extremities of
The pillars 44- and 46 are preferably integral with the
the elements 68 is initially greater than that between the
roof 42 and, in ultimate assembly, it will be seen that the
outer extremities of the slots
However, the pillars 46,
pillars 4d lie respectively closely externally of and along
being resilient in themselves and being attached to the
side the side walls 48 of the transparent box-like unit 36,
cab roof 42 by being integral therewith and thus partici
the pillars of course being transversely spaced apart a
pating in the resilience of the cab roof, are capacitated to
sufficient distance to expose a substantial area of the ele
' meat 36 to the front as a windshield 50.
Each front pillar
have this dimension reduced during assembly.
In other
44 and the rear pillar 436 at the same side of the cab are 20 words, the cab is initially placed on top of the deck struc
ture with the terminal ends 66 partially penetrating the
spaced apart fore and aft so as to expose the side wall
respective slots 4%‘, following which the application of a
48 of the unit 36 as a side window pane. In the present
downward force springs the legs or pillars 46 inwardly
case, the unit 36 is so constructed as to give the appear
so that the elements 63 snap respectively under the border
ance that the door window is partly opened. The trans
verse spacing between the rear pillars {to is such as to ex 25 ing or associated portions of the deck structure adjacent
pose a substantial area of the unit 36 to the rear as a rear
the respective apertures all. The shape of the pillars 46 in
the area designated by the numeral "it? affords a downward
stop, thus locking the rear portion of the cab to the rear
portion of the deck structure. As best seen in FIGURE 2,
4, wherein it is clear that the portions 46, 54, do, together 30 the relative fore-and-aft dimensions of the slots 4% and
elements 66 are such that there is a limited amount of
with the rear portion 24 of the deck structure 23, define
looseness so that actually the pre-assernbled cab, con
a window frame for the rear window d2.
nected by the connections at 4tl—¢l6 can pivot about a
Each rear pillar 46 may be of arcuate section (FIGURES
transverse axis generally through these rear connections.
3, 6 and 7) so that a portion of each curves ‘around at.
This is important for several reasons. In the ?rst place,
56 to embrace the rounded associated corner of the ele
window pane 52. The con?guration of the cab top 34
relative to the rear pillars ‘46 and a depending marginal
rear flange 54 of the top 52 may best be seen in FIGURE
ment 36. The portion 56 and the associated front pillar
. as shown in FEGURE 6, the connections are capable of
withstanding inversion of the vehicle and when the vehicle
44, together with 21 depending ?ange 53 on the roof 42
a is inverted during the painting operation, the cab cannot
de?ne, in conjunction with the side portion 22 of the deck
become detached, because the bias in the pillars 46 capaci
structure 28, a side window frame which frames that por
tion of the element side wall 4-8 which affords the door 40 tates these pillars for recovering the initial dimension in
excess of that between the slots 4% so that the hook parts
v window, it being clear that a portion of the side wall 48
of the elements 63 hook under the associated portions of
at each side extends ahead of the associated pillar 4-4 and
the deck structure element 2‘- Consequently, the entire
blends into the windshield 553‘ in the conventional “wrap
vehicle can be painted, the inside of the cab 34 as well
around” style. The box-like element as may thus be re
as the outside thereof, all without the installation of the
garded as having front and rear walls 5% and 52, respec~
tively, and opposite side walls 433, the rectangular section 45 transparent unit 36.
The other function of the pivotal connections at 4€l—é6
thereof being such that it is congruent with the deck struc
is that the cab 34 may be tilted upwardly and rearwardly
vture 21% so that when it is superimposed on the deck
(FIGURE 7) to permit the installation of the unit 36, all
structure it substantially conforms thereto. Changes in
without separating the connections at 40-45. After the the plane in the form of deviations from the horizontal
plane (FEGURE 7) may be resorted to in the interests of 50 unit 36 is seated in place on the deck structure 28, the
cab 34- is pressed downwardly and forwardly and the
styling. The structure or element 36 is preferably open
lower terminal ends '72 of the front pillars enter the re
at its top (FIGURE. 8) in the interests of convenience
spective slots 38. Here again, each terminal end 72 is in
and economy in manufacture. However, as already said,
the form of a cam and hook element 74, being separated
the material of which the element 36 is formed is relative
ly rigid and has substantial strength both fore—and-aft as 55 from a stop portion 76 by a slot 78. The resilient rela
well as laterally, fore—and-aft opposite side portions 58 . tionship between each pillar 44 and its associated rear
pillar 46 is such that the fore-and-aft distance between
and a transverse flange portion at} contributing to this
strength. These portions 53 and 6%, together with the top
the pillars is slightly greater than that between the associ
ated front and rear slots 33 and 49. However, when
marginal edge of the rear window pane 52, as at 52, under
lie the undersurface of the cab top or roof 42 when the 60 downward pressure is exerted on the cab, the pillars may
spring or yield so that this dimension is reduced suf?ciently
vehicle is assembled (FIGURE 5). The lower-marginal
_ to enable penetration of the slots 38 by the elements 74-,
edges of the unit or element walls lid, 5%} and 52 rest of
the slot '78 receiving the associated deck portion so that
course on the portions 22, 24- and 26 of the deck struc
ture 28 and, when the cab top 34 is in place, the unit 36 v the element 74 hooks under this deck portion. the stop 76
is con?ned against vertical escape (FIGURES 4 and 5). 65 serving to limit downward movement of the cab. As re
gards the appearance of the element 74 on the lower end
The upward forward curve of the deck structure 28 (FIG
of each pillar 44-, it might be said that each rear pillar
URES 6 and 7) contributes largely to prevent forward
has an identical appearance except that it is in a plane 99°
escape of the unit 36 from the completed vehicle, but
further means are provided for this purpose.
This means
takes the form, at opposite sides of the unit 35, of thick
ened portions 64 of the side walls 43 which lie respectively
rearwardly of the pillars 44 (EEGURES 3 and 8).
from that of each front pillar.
,
Once assembled, the cab 34, unit 36 and remainder of
the vehicle as represented by the part 10, remains con
nected during all normal usage; although, it is possible
The design of the structure is such that the cab 3% may 7 with the application of adequate force and care to spring
the respective pillars su?iciently to enable disengagement
be pie-assembled on the deck structure iii‘; in the absence
of the unit 36, which is a desideraturn to the painting op 75 thereof from the associated slots.
3,083,501
5
6
One signi?cant advantage, already covered to some ex
tent, of the pivotal connections at 40—66, is that it leaves
the cab 34 free for pivoting su?iciently to enable insertion
of the unit 36, which is not possible in constructions in
which a partial or preliminary connection is established
between the front pillars and the deck structure. That is
to say, with a partial connection as just described, there
elements into the front slots, and said rear elements and
rear slots being further dimensioned as to enable pivoting
of the top relative to the deck about a transverse axis
is insufficient room to enable the entry of a unit such as
element and the rear element at the same side of the body
ends and rear slots capable of withstanding separation
upon inversion of the vehicle prior to entry of the front
generally through said connections preparatory to entry
of the front elements into the front slots; and each front
that at 36 and therefore such prior constructions cannot
having a fore-and-aft spacing slightly different from that
embody the desirable one-piece box-like element which af 10 of the corresponding front and rear slots and said front
fords the windshield 50, side window portions ‘48 and
and rear pillars being capacitated for temporary fore-and
rear window portion or pane 52.
aft distortion from and biased for recovery of said spacing
Although the structure has been described in terms
to effectuate a pair of front connections operative to lock
of its design and construction of sheet metal, it will be
the top to the deck.
readily seen that other materials having similar character
3. In a toy vehicle: a fore-and-aft body having an up
istics may be employed in the exploitation of the invention.
wardly facing deck including front, rear and opposite side
Likewise, features and advantages other than those cate
portions arranged generally as a rectangle, said deck hav
gorically enumerated will readily occur to those versed in
ing four vertically opening apertures, one substantially at
the art, as will many modi?cations and alterations in the
each corner of said rectangle; a top including a roof over
preferred embodiment disclosed, all of which may be 20 lying and spaced above the deck and four pillars con
achieved without departure from the spirit and scope of
nected to and depending from the roof respectively to
the invention.
free lower ends receivable respectively by the apertures;
What is claimed is:
and each end having an interlocking portion thereon co
1. In a toy vehicle: a for-e-and-aft body having hori
zontal deck structure including front, rear and opposite
operative with the deck in the area of the respective aper
ture, and certain of said pillars being paired as a ?rst pair
side portions de?ning a generally rectangular open-topped
and biased relative to each other in a direction transverse
to the length of the body and certain additional ones of
compartment; a one-piece box-like element of relatively
rigid transparent material, open at its top and bottom and
said pillars being paired with those of the ?rst pair to
superimposed over and generally congruent with the corn
provide second and third pairs biased relative to each
partment and having substantially upright front, rear and
other in fore-and-aft directions for eifectuating and retain
30
opposite side walls resting on and rising respectively from
ing the interlock between the pillars and the deck.
said deck structure portions; and a top element super
4. The invention de?ned in claim 2, including: a one
imposed over said box-like element and including a roof
piece box-like element of transparent relatively rigid ma
overlying and closing the open top of said box-like ele
terial and of rectangular section generally congruent at
ment, and support members connected to said roof and
its bottom with the deck and at its top with the roof, said
35
depending externally of said box-like element and closely
element being sandwiched between the deck and roof and
alongside an opposed pair of said walls and secured to
having generally upright front, rear and opposite side walls
said deck structure to retain said box-like element in place,
rising respectively from corresponding front, rear and op
said members including a pair of transversely spaced front
posite side portions of the deck, said top being pivotable
members exposing a substantial portion of said front wall
away from the deck about said axis in an amount suf?
40
as a windshield and a pair of rear members spaced apart
cient to enable insertion of said element between the deck
transversely to expose a portion of said rear wall as a
and roof, said element being ultimately retained by the
rear window pane and spaced rearwardly respectively from
the front members to expose portions of the opposite side
walls respectively as opposite side window panes, said
pillars and the connections between said pillars and deck
upon pivoting of the top back to the deck and said pillars
being relatively narrow to expose substantial areas of said
rear members lying behind said rear wall to con?ne the 45 walls respectively as front, rear and opposite side window
element ‘against rearward displacement, said front mem
panes.
bers lying respectively alongside the element sidewalls to
5. In a toy vehicle: a fore-and-aft body having an up
con?ne the element against lateral displacement, and said
sidewalls respectively having means thereon engaging the
front members to con?ne said element against forward dis
placement.
2. In a toy vehicle: a fore-and-aft body having an up
wardly facing deck including a front pair of transversely
spaced and alined, vertically opening fore-and-aft slots
wardly facing deck; a top including a roof overlying and
50
spaced above the deck and a pair of transversely spaced
apart and alined front pillars connected to and depending
from the roof to free terminal ends at the deck and a pair
of transversely spaced apart and alined rear pillars spaced
rearwardly of the front pillars and connected to and de
pending from the roof to free terminal ends at the deck
and a rear pair of transversely spaced and alined trans
structure; and four vertically registering snap-in interlock
verse slots; a top including a roof overlying and spaced
means, one for each pillar, between the pillar ends and
above the deck and front and rear pairs of pillars con
the deck and operative to connect solely upon downward
nected to and depending from the roof respectively to
force applied to the top, and said four pillars being biased
free lower ends arranged generally in correspondence with
relative to each other in directions transverse to their
said slots; said ends each having thereon a single cam and 60 length for normally preventing separation of the interlock
hook element adapted to enter its respective slot and to
means.
hook under the associated portion of the deck, each rear
element being transversely directed and each front element
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
being directed fore-and-aft; said rear elements having a
UNITED STATES PATENTS
transverse spacing slightly different from that of the rear 65
2,610,442
Bonanno _____________ __ Sept. 16, 1942
slots and said rear pillars being capacitated for temporary
2,916,851
Groschen _____________ __ Dec. 15, 1959
distortion from and biased for recovery of said spacing to
effectuate a pair of rear connections between said rear
3,009,288
Klamer _____________ __ Nov. 21, 1961
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