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Патент USA US3083713

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April 2, 1963
w. F. HARKEMA
3,083,703
CONDENSATION VAPORIZER FOR HEATER
Filed Aug. 21, 1959
Fig]
Walter E Har/rema
INVENTOR.
L
A...» 40%
BY gin/W
$70.45.”,
3,83,703
Patented Apr. 2, 19:33
2
3,083,703
CONDENSA'I‘IGN VAE’GRTZER FOR HEATER
Walter F. Harkema, New Sharon, Iowa
Filed Aug. 21, 1959, Ser. No. 835,334
4 Claims. (Qi. 126-85)
This invention relates generally to heating equipment
verse baffle 38 is formed integral therewith. The ba?le,
of course, serves the function of directing the heated
air within the heat chamber 16 along the cylindrical
wall 14 so that an e?icient heat exchange is established
between the air and wall 14. A plurality of projections,
as at 40, are secured to the wall 14 on the inner surface
thereof.
The projections 40 project radially inwardly
and are all aligned along the same horizontal plane. Sup
ported on the projections 40 is the condensation ring 12
izing condensed moisture in heater casings to remove the
moisture therefrom.
10 forming the novel portion of the invention. The con
densation ring 12 includes a rim 42 having a U-shaped
Often, when gas heaters are utilized, moisture or con
cross-section so as to form a trough, as is particularly
densation will collect on the walls of the heater casing
shown in FIGURE 1, including legs 44 and 46 and a
when the heater is lit in cold weather. Generally, the
bight portion 48. The rim 42 is circular and rests On
moisture will run down the inside of the casing into the
and more particularly to means for conveniently vapor
area of the burner so as to impair its e?iciency and use 15 the projections 40. Radially extending channels 50, 52,
and 54 communicate with the rim 42. A cup 56 is
fulness.
‘carried by the channels 50, 52 and 54 along the central
axis of the rim 42, coincident with the central axis of
the cylindrical wall 14. It will be noted that each of
lindrical heat chamber in a manner such that the con 20 the channels 50, 52 and 54 slopes gradually from the
rim 42 toward the cup 56.
densation ring collects the moisture from the cylindrical
In the utilization of the invention, the condensation
wall before it runs into the burner location, and carries
ring 12 is supported on the projections 40 within the heat
it to a point proximate the burner so that it may be vapor
In view of this, it is the principal object of this inven
tion to provide a condensation ring for utilization in heat
ing systems making use of a burner positioned in a cy
ized and passed out through an exhaust vent.
It is a further object of this invention to provide a con
densation ring supported on a cylindrical wall in a heat
chamber above the burner with the ring including a rim
having a U-shaped cross-section to form a trough for
chamber 16 as illustrated.
When the heater 34 is lit
25 in cold weather, condensation will collect on the inner
surface of the wall 14. Of course, the condensation or
moisture will tend to run down the sides of the wall 14
and, therefore, Will enter the U-shaped collection rim
42 on the condensation ring 12. The moisture collecting
radial channels extending toward the center with a cup 30 between the legs 44 and 46 on ‘the bight portion 48 will
then ?ow into the cup 56 since the radially extending
being secured at the center, connected to the ring, im
channels 5%}, 52 and 54 slope from the rim toward the
mediately above the burner. Therefore, the collected
cup. Since the cup 56 is positioned directly over the
moisture will be easily vaporized and passed out through
burner 34, the moisture which collects in the cup 56
an exhaust vent communicating with the heat chamber.
It is a still further object of this invention to provide 35 will be vaporized by the burner 34. The vapor will vthen
pass out through the exhaust vent 22. Therefore, it
means for utilization in a heating system which improves
collecting moisture drippings therein, and a plurality of
will be apparent that the deleterious rusting effects which
may be caused by the collected moisture, if allowed to
drip into the area of the burner 34, are eliminated. Since
effects thereof. Further, since the condensation ring
is extremely simple in construction, the cost associated 40 the sectors between the radially extending channels are
removed so that the condensation ring 12 is effectively a
with the invention is nominal.
spider, the heat distribution throughout the heat cham
These, together with other objects and advantages
ber 16 is not adversely affected.
which will become subsequently apparent, reside in the
The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the
details of construction and operation as more fully here
inafter described and claimed, reference being had to 45 principles of the invention. Further, since numerous
modi?cations and changes will readily occur to those
the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof, where
skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention
in like numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in
to the exact construction and operation shown and de
which:
scribed, and accordingly all suitable modi?cations and
' FIGURE 1 is an elevational view, partially broken
away, illustrating a representative view of a simpli?ed 50 equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope
the e?iciency thereof by reducing the collected moisture
on the heat chamber walls so as to prevent the deleterious
heating system utilizing the teachings of this invention.
FIGURE 2 is a horizontal sectional view taken sub
of the invention as claimed.
What is claimed as new is as follows:
1. In a heater, the combination of a housing de?ning
stantially along the plane 2-2 of FIGURE 1.
a heating chamber and including a perimetric side Wall
With continuing reference to the drawings, numeral
18 generally represents a simpli?ed heating system in 55 and upper and lower ends, a burner positioned centrally
in the lower end portion of said housing, the lower end
which the invention comprising the condensation ring 12
portion of the housing being provided with an air inlet
may be utilized.
for said burner and the upper end portion of the housing
vFor explanation purposes, the heating system includes
being provided with an outlet for products of combus~
a cylindrical wall 14 de?ning a heat chamber 16 therein.
tion, and means for collecting and vaporizing conden
sation
supported on the inner surface of said perimetric
end while the wall 14 rests on a base 2%} at its lower end.
side wall, said means comprising a perimetric trough posi
An exhaust vent 22 communicates with the heat cham
tioned in said housing in a horizontal plane spaced above
ber 16 at the upper end thereof and exhaust caps 24 are
but adjacent to said ‘burner and in contact with the inner
carried by the exhaust vent pipe. An air intake tube 65 surface of said perimetric side wall whereby condensa
26 communicates with the heating chamber 16 at a low
tion collecting on the side wall above the trough may
er part thereof, and an intake cap 28 is provided at the
gravitate into the latter, a condensation receiving and
free end of the intake tube 26. A gas tube 30 having
vaporizing cup provided substantially at the center of
a valve 32 interposed therein extends through the wall
said perirnetric trough and disposed above said burner
14 to a burner 34 set on the base 21? and positioned 70 whereby condensation in said cup may be vaporized by
along the central axis of the cylindrical wall 14. A stem
the burner and discharged through said outlet with prod
36 is dependingly supported from the cap 18 and a trans
ucts of combustion, and a set of channels extending from
A circular cap 18 closes the cylindrical wall at the upper
8,083,703
3
4
.
perimetrically spaced points on said trough to said cup
said channels are open at the top thereof and slope in
and communicating with both the former‘and the latter '
wardly from said trough to said cup.
'
'
‘
whereby condensation collected in the trough may be
delivered into thecug,
j
,- <
9
9
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
t
2‘.’ The combination as de?ned in claim 1_ wherein
UNITED. STATES PATENTS
said channels constitute sole, meansfor supporting said
cup, abavesaid burner-v
.
1,093,103
'
3. The. combination as de?ned in claim 1 together with
inward pr-otuherances provided on the inner ‘surface of
said side wall, said trough resting on said protuberances
andbeins suppqrtsd thereby in said hqusisg
, 145 Thecombinatiom as de?ned. in claim. 1 wherein
-
Younger et a1 _______ _‘___ Apr: 14, 1914
1,933,902
(301011 ____ _1__ ____ __V__v__, Nov. 7, 1933
1,983,294
nil-1161mm ___,_,_ ,1
2,225,023
Watt ________________ __ Dec. 171940
'
'
8,080
FOREIGN
Great Britain
w
PATENTS‘
.
"
“
1934
~
.
189s
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