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Патент USA US3083761

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April 2, 1963
s, T, sHEARs
Filed NOV. 16, 1960
f "
Sinai"? Inve
T Shears,
United States Patent 0 ice
Patented Apr. 2, 1963
form a short panel member which has been skived ‘and a
long panel member 34. When said rear wall is bent both
Stuart T. Shears, Belmont, Mass, assigllor to United-Carr
Fastener Corporation, Cambridge, Mass, a corporation
of Delaware
Filed Nov. 16, 1960, Ser. No. 69,597
3 Claims. (til. ISO-42)
the said short panel member 32 and the long panel mem
ber 34 overlie in spaced superposed relationship the re
maining portion of said rear wall 30 and the free terminal
ends of said short panel member 32 and said long panel
member 34 are placed in close proximity with both of
said panels lying on substantially the same plane. As
This invention relates to closures and more particularly
shown at FIG. 4, the said male element It) of the closure
to closures used with foldable receptacles such as wallets, 10 is attached to said short panel member 32 in such a man
billfolds and the like.
ner that said base portion 14 is concealed by the material
An object of the invention is to provide a billfold
of said short panel member 32 and said tubular engaging
closure having male and female fastener elements capable
portion 16 extends beyond the free tenninal end of said
of disengagement by partial rotation in either direction
short panel member 32. The said female element 12 is
of either the male or female element.
15 attached to said long panel member 34 in such a manner
A further object ‘of the invention is to provide a bill
as to conceal by use of the material of said long panel
fold closure which will lie on the same plane as the two
member 34 the bottom plate 22, the connector portions 26
?aps joined by said closure.
and the major portions of the arms 24. This concealment
A still further object of the invention is to provide a
is done in such a way as to allow a ‘free space between
billfold closure which pressure on either the male or 20 the split rings 28 of the arms '24. This attachment is
female element will engage.
accomplished so that no part of the female element 12
Other objects of the invention will, in part, be obvious,
and will, in part, appear hereinafter.
extends beyond the free terminal end of said long panel
member 34. There are numerous methods of folding the
In the accompanying drawing:
material of the panels to accomplish the results herein
FIG. 1 is a top plan View of the male and female ele 25 set forth all of which would be familiar to anyone in the
‘wallet, pass case and other kindred arts.
ments of the closure;
To engage the said male element ‘10 and the female
FIG. 2 is a section on line 2——2 of the male element
element ‘12 after attachment to the panels, the tubular
in FIG. 1;
engaging portion 16 of said male element is passed be
FIG. 3 is a side elevation ‘of the female element of the
30 tween the split rings 28 of said arms 24. The width of
said tubular engaging portion 16 being equal to or slightly
FIG. 4 is a top plan view of the closure assembled to
greater than the distance between said split rings 28. The
said split rings 28 and the said arms 24 are ?exed away
FIG. 5 is an enlarged section taken on line 5-—5 of
FIG. 4.
from each other by the engaging walls 29 until the said
Referring to FIGS. 1 through 3, there is shown a closure 35 split rings 28 pass beyond the ?rst portion of said engag
ing walls 120 contacted until the bight 36 of each of said
comprising a male element ill and a female element 12.
split wing 28 is circumscribed by said engaging wall 20.
The said male element lit comprises a substantially flat,
The closure is now locked in position until disengaged.
rectangular base portion 14 and a tubular engaging por
The closure may be disengaged by holding either the male
tion 16. The said base portion vl4 has a forward edge
18 integral with said tubular engaging portion 16. A 40 element or the said female element in position while
bending one of the terminal ends of either the base por
method of forming said tubular engaging portion 16 is to
tion 14 or the bottom plate ‘22 away from the element
have a ?at piece extending from said forward edge 18 and
held in position. This action will unsnap ‘the fastener.
roll or bend the piece into a tubular form as required.
It should be noted that it will su?ice to hold some part of
The said tubular engaging portion 16 is located with its
mid point lengthwise on the same line as the mid point, 45 the panel rather than the fastener part itself.
lengthwise of said base port-ion 14 and the length of said
The present method of fastening the panel members in
a pass case; and
base portion 14 is comparatively greater than the length
of said tubular engaging portion 16. Naturally the male
pass cases or the like is through the use of a concealed
element it} may be formed of a plastic material and under
a concealed bottom plate having a snap fastener socket
base portion having a fastener stud attached thereto and
these circumstances, the said tubular engaging portion '16 50 attached thereto and then snapping them together in the
may be molded at the same time the base portion is
ordinary manner. In this case, of course, one of the two
formed. Preferably, said tubular engaging portion 16 is
fastener elements will be superimposed on the other and
the only method of unfastening is to pull downward on
the element on which the super position takes place, prac
not formed as a closed annulus but rather has a slot run~
ning its full length as indicated in FIG. 2. The axis of
said tubular engaging portion 16 is in spaced parallel 55 tically impossible in most cases, or to lift up on the super
relationship with said forward edge 13. The said tubular
posing element. The applicant’s closure does away with
engaging portion 16 is open at both its terminal ends to
the dif?culty ‘of having one panel superposed on the
form engaging walls 24}.
other. In the particular art in which we are concerned,
The said female element 12 comprises a flat, substan
the neatness of appearance and styling is of great im—
tially rectangular bottom plate 2-2, a pair of arms 24- and 60 portance. In the applicant‘s device all parts lying on the
a pair of connector portions 26. Each of said connector
portions 26 is in substantially right angle, integral rela
tionship with an end of said bottom plate 22 and with an
arm 24 as shown in FIG. 2. Each of said arms 24 is in
same plane and only a small amount of the fastener being
visible to the eye makes for a very simple and ef?cient
Since certain other obvious modi?cations may be made
spaced, substantially parallel relationship with a portion 65 in this device without departing from the scope of the
of said bottom plate 22 and in opposed, spaced relation
invention, it is intended that all matter contained herein
be interpreted in an illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
I claim:
1. A fastener device of the class described comprising
be attached to a billfold, pass case or the like as shown 70 a male element and a female element, said male element
in FIGS. 4 and 5, in the following manner. The pass case
having a base portion and a tubular engaging portion open
comprises a rear wall 30 bent at its terminal ends to
at both its termini, extending from one edge of said base
ship with the other. The said arms '24 have free terminal
ends curled back on themselves to form a split ring 28.
The male element It? ‘and the female element =12 may
portion and said female element having 1a {bottom plate
and a pair of arms in spaced relation to said bottom
plate, each of said arms having a free curled terminal end
arranged a closer distance relative to each other than the
length of said tubular engaging portion, said engaging
portion having Walls at opposite ends for separably en
gaging said curled terminal ends.
' 2. A fastening device of the class described comprising
a male element and a female element, said male element
free terminal ends, said panel members lying on the same
plane and said terminal ends lying in close proximity to
each other, said fastening device comprising a male ele
ment and a female element, said male element having a
base portion and an engaging portion extending from said
base portion and said female element having a bottom
plate and a pair of arms in spaced relation to said bottom
plate and each of said arms having a free curled terminal
end, said engaging portion having means for engaging
having a ?at substantially rectangular base portion and 10 said curled terminal ends, the ‘base portion of said male
a tubular engaging portion at one edge, said base portion
element embedded within one terminal end of said pass
having a leading edge integral with said tubular engaging
case and the ‘bottom plate of said female element em
portion, said ‘tubular engaging portion open at 'both its
bedded Within the remaining terminal end and said male
termini, said female element having a ?at substantially
engaging portion and said‘ curled terminal ends of said
rectangular bottom plate and a pair of ?exible arms, said 15 female element being the only portions of said fastening
bottom plate having a pair of terminal edges, each of
device exposed whereby the said terminal ends may be
said terminal edges integral with one of said arms, said
separately engaged to each other by said fastening device.
arms in spaced parallel relation to a portion of said
bottom plate and each of said arms having a free, termi
nal end curled :back on itself and in opposed spaced rela 20
tion to each other, said engaging portion having a length
approximately equal to the distance between said free
terminal ends, said free terminal ends engaging the open
ends of said tubular engaging portion whereby said male
element and said female element are separably engaged. 25
3. The combination of a pass case, Wallet, billfold or
the like and a fastening device, said pass case comprising
a back wall bent to form ‘a pair of panel members having
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
Long _______________ __ May 29,
Wagner ______________ __ July 1,
Hiscoek _____________ __ July 16,
Routt _______________ __ Sept. 29,
France ______________ __ Nov. 19, 1907
Great Britain ________ __ July 27, 1916
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