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Патент USA US3083850

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April 2, 1963
w. s. GIBBS
Filed D60. 29, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
(a) \B
Win?eld 5. Gibbs.
April 2, 1953
w. s. GIBBS
Filed Dec. 29, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 2_
Win?eld 5. Gibbs‘
Unite States Patent
Patented Apr. 2, 1963
3 083 840
Win?eld S. Gibbs, Croydon, Pa., assignor to The Budd
Company, Fhiladelphia, Pa., a corporation of Pennsyl
Filed Dec. 29, 1960, Ser. No. 79,382
3 (liaims. (Cl. 214-1)
This invention relates to turnover apparatus and
The flexible connections 17 are long enough to allow
the bail beam 16 to be disposed below the top opening of
the device when not supported by a crane lift; and may
be made long enough to allow the bail beam to be laid
on the top of the device when not held up by the crane.
The bail bars 15 serve as end retaining means at the
open upper end; and welded-on loops 2% provide retain
ing means near the bottom.
Intercostal plates 21, as needed, are welded in between
method, especially adapted for turning over stacks of 10 the frame members 1111 near the top and elsewhere if
sheet material on fork-lift pallets, and has ‘for an object
the provision of improvements in this art.
One of the particular objects of the invention is to pro
vide apparatus and method of using it which will permit
The entire U-shaped turnover device may be trans
ported by crane or by a fork lift truck T, having fork lift
bars TF, to any part of the plant having open space and
of the use of a very simple device which can be trans 15 put down on the floor for use. The spaces between
frame sides are open underneath for insertion of the fork
ported about a plant and put down for use on any open
lift bars.
‘One type of operation with the device will be described
by reference to FIGS. 2-4. In FIG. 2a a stack of sheets
20 S on a ?rst fork lift pallet A has a second pallet B put
can be removed and put in storage when not in use.
down on the .top of it. The depth of the stack with the
Another object is to provide a turnover device of a
two pallets is less than the width of the space between
very simple form which can be made at a very low cost.
the plates 13‘ of the turnover device and preferably al
The above and other objects and advantages of the in
most as wide as the space so as to avoid excess move
vention will be apparent from the following description
of an exemplary embodiment, reference being made to 25 ment during the turnover operation.
In FIG. 2b the stack has been inserted in the turn:
the accompanying drawings wherein:
over device and the truck forks TF are ready to be
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the device as put down
on the ?oor for use;
FIG. 3 shows the turnover device being lifted at the
FIG. 2 is a diagrammatic end view showing a stack
of material being introduced into the turnover device, 30 open end by the bail bar 16 and the crane hook 19. In
this movement the round bottoms 11b of the frame mem
view a showing a stack of material being picked up by a
bers roll on the ?oor. The crane can be moved on its
fork lift truck and view b showing the truck in the act of
tracks during this movement to keep the lift vertical at
depositing the stack in the turnover device;
all times.
FIG. 3 is an end perspective view showing the turnover
‘FIG. 4a shows this ?rst movement to upright vertical
device being lifted at the top and rolled over at the bot 35
position in broken lines.
tom on the floor;
‘From the vertical position the crane is moved further
FIG. 4 is a diagrammatic end view showing the device
along its tracks to the full line position in which the de
in several stages of turning over and the removal of the
vice has been laid down on the ?oor on its other side,
stack, view a showing a fork lift truck engaging the stack
the bottom rolling on the ?oor throughout the entire
to lift it and remove it from the turnover device and view
turnover movement. The pallet A is now on top and
b showing the fork lift truck moved back from the device
the pallet B is on the bottom, just reversed from the
and ready to put down or transport the stack, as may be
?oor space; which can be operated by lifting facilities
normally available in most plants whereby a space con
suming installation of high cost is avoided; and which
original position.
The fork truck T now comes up to insert its fork bars
FIG. 5 is a diagrammatic view showing another method
of using the device, view a showing a stack in the device 45 TF in the lower pallet B and removes the stack as shown
in ‘FIG. 4b.
and the device being turned up to a medial vertical posi
Another type of operation is shown in FIG. 5. In
tion and lifted, view b, a top plan, showing the device
FIG. 5a the turnover device with a stack already in
lifted off the ?oor and ready to be turned 180 degrees
serted is shown in broken lines. A pallet A is disposed
about a vertical axis, view 0 showing the device after
turning on the vertical axis, view d showing the device 50 below the stack S and a pallet B is disposed above the
sheet stack. In full lines the device is shown in vertical
set back down on the ?oor and turned down ready for
position, after having been rolled over on the floor, and
removal of the stack, and view e showing the stack after
lifted a short distance above the floor or deck D. FIG. 6
removal by a fork lift truck; and
is a side view of the device in raised position.
FIG. 6 is a side elevation of the device lifted off the
FIG. 5b shows the device in plan in the vertical po
?oor for turning as in views 5a and 5b.
sition of FIG. 5a.
As shown in the drawings, the turnover device 10 is
‘FIG. 5c shows the device after it has been turned
U-shaped with a plurality of axially spaced U-shaped
180 degrees (approximately) about a vertical
frame members 11, having sides 11:: and rocker bottoms
axis. This can readily be done by hand, the assembly
11b; a bottom ?oor 12 connected to the ?at inside bot 60
turning about the swivel of the crane hook or by twist
toms of the frame members 11; axially spaced side plates
ing of the crane cables.
13, leaving the fork bar spaces between them, secured
FIG. 5d in dotted lines shows the device again set
to the inner surfaces of the frame sides 11a; top longi
down on the ?oor and started to turn back toward the
tudinal connecting bars 14 secured to the upper ends of
side from which it was lifted. In full lines the device
the frame sides 11a; end bail bars 15 secured to the ends 65 is shown resting on its side on the ?oor again after hav
of the longitudinal bars 14; and a lift bail beam 16 con
ing been rolled down on the ?oor. Pallet A is now
nected by ?exible means, such as chains or cables 17 to
uppermost and pallet B is lowermost, just the reverse
the middle of the bail bars 15. The bail beam 16 is pro
of the disposition at the start.
vided at the center with a ring ?tting 18 adapted to be
‘In FIG. 5e the fork truck T has removed the stack
engaged by a swivel crane book :19. The spaces between 70 from the turnover device.
the plates 13 are normally not needed but may be an aid
The advantage of the second method of turning over
when pallets are not used.
a stack is that the fork truck can reload the stack after
‘turnover from the same side on which it was loaded.
pended about a vertical axis, lowering the open top edge
This is an advantage where the width of floor space is
restricted. The advantage of the ?rst method is that it
is simple ‘and safe, the device never being lifted off the
?oor in the turnover- operation.
In the drawings (FIG. 4a and FIGS. 5a, 51)) for sim
plicity and clarity, the device is shown as if it turned
about a ?xed axis whereas actually the axis of curvature
of the box while the box turns on its rockers on the ?oor
to bring the other side down on ‘the ?oor, and engaging
the other pallet and lifting and removing the assembly
from the open top of the box.
2. Apparatus for turning over a body of material, com
prising a ‘box having a bottom, parallel sides, ends, an
open top opposite the bottom, rockers on the bottom
moves like the axle of a wheel as the device turns on
parallel to the ends, and lifting means on the ends near
its bottom on the ?oor.
10 the open top for lifting up the open top edge of the box
It is thus seen that the invention provides a simple
while the rockers roll on the ?oor, said lifting means
portable turnover device which can be used wherever there
comprising a bail pivoted to turn about an axis between
‘is su?icient ?oor space in the plant to set it down and
and parallel to the sides, and said bail having. a central
turn it. No ?xed trunnion base of any sort is required,
element for support ‘from above, said bail ‘swinging clear
the device turning over like a wheel on the ?oor. When
of the open top when not in use to provide for insertion
not needed the device can readily be taken away and
and removal of material through the open top.
3. Apparatus for turning over a body of material, com
While one embodiment has been shown and described
prising a rigid box having a bottom, parallel sides, ends,
for purposes of illustration, it will ‘be understood that
an open top opposite the bottom, vU-shaped ilat plate
there may be various embodiments and modi?cations
within the general scope of the invention.
What is claimed is:
rockers attached to said bottom and said sides of said rigid
box parallel to the ends and encompassing the sides and
bottom of said box, and lifting means attached to the
I 1. The method of turning over a body of material by
ends of said U-shaped plate rockers near the open top
the use of a portable rigid box having a bottom with
of said box for lifting up the open top edge of the box
arcuate rockers, sides, an open top, and means for lift 25 while the U-shaped rockers roll on the ?oor from one
ing it from above with the open top upward, which
side of the U-shaped plate to the other.
comprises, disposing the material to be turned over in
, an assembly between lower and upper fork truck pallets,
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
placing the box on one side on a ?oor, engaging the
lower pallet and lifting the assembly and pushing it into 30
the open top of the box, lifting the open top edge of the
box to turn the box ‘on its rockers on the ?oor into an
upright position with the assembly resting on the bot
tom of the box, lifting said box from the ?oor with the
open top upward to suspend it, turning the box ‘while sus 35
Smith _______________ __ July 22,
Lessard ______________ __ May 24,
0hr __________________ __ Nov. 6,
Rounsefell ___________ __ Dec. 18,
Aberle ________________ __ Dec. 2,
Hedderich ___________ __ Dec. 23, 1958
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