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Патент USA US3083949

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April 2, 1963
,
E. J. ‘GALLAGHER, JR
3,083,939
FLOATING SHOCKPROOF' AND VIBRATIONLESS ASSEMBLY
'
Filed March 2, 1961
FOR DELICA TE INSTRUMENT PAN EL MOUNT
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Apnl 2, 1963
E. J. GALLAGHER, JR
3,083,939
FLOATING SHOCKPROOF AND VIBRATIONLESS ASSEMBLY
FOR DELICATE INSTRUMENT PANEL MOUNT
'
Filed March 2. 1961
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4 Sheets-Sheet 2
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_ _ April 2., 1963
E J GALLAGHER JR
3,083,939
FLOATING sHoc'KPRooF AND VIBRAT’IONLESS ASSEMBLY
FOR DELICATE.‘ INSTRUMENT PANEL MOUNT
Filed March 2, 1961
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April 2, 1963
GALLAGHE‘R. JR '
E. J.
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' 3,083,939
FLOATING SHOCKPROOF
AND VIBRATIONLESS
ASSEMB
FOR DELICATE INSTRUMENT PANEL MOUNT
Filed March 2, 1961
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
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INVENTOR.
' United States Patent 0 cc
3,083,939
Patented Apr. 2, 1963
1
2
3,083,939
FIGURE 16 is an elevational view illustrating a further
FLUATENG SHUCKPROGF AND VEBRATHGN
ASSEMBLY FUR DELECATE INS} RU
MENT PANEL MUUNT
Edward J. Gallagher, in, 3501 Ednor Road,
Baltimore 18, Md.
Filed Mar. 2, 1961, §er. No, 92,394
2 Claims. (Cl. 248-358)
The present invention relates to a shockproof or vibra
modification.
FIGURE 17 is a sectional view taken on the line
17-17 of FIGURE 16.
FiGURE 18 is an elevational view generally similar
to FIGURE 16 but showing a further modi?cation.
Referring in detail to the drawings, the numeral 39
indicates the shockproof assembly of the present inven
tion in its entirety, and it will be seen that the assembly
317 embodies an outer frame which is indicated generally
by the numeral 37, FIGURE 1, and the outer frame 37
includes a pair of spaced parallel vertically disposed bars
31, and secured to the inner portions of the bars 31 are
brackets 32, and the brackets 32 may be secured to the
15 bars 3?; in any suitable manner, as for example by means
tion proof mounting, and more particularly to such a
mounting that is adapted to be used in conjunction with
the support of delicate instruments or the like.
The primary object of the present invention is to pro
vide a shockproof and vibrationless mount for delicate
instruments or the like wherein such instruments can be
of bolts 33. First, second and third horizontally disposed
safely supported or mounted whereby in the event of a
spaced parallel crosspieces 34, 35 and 36 are arranged
vibration or shock, damage or shock to such delicate
at right angles with respect to the bars 31, and these
instruments will be minimized or prevented.
cro-sspieces are suitably secured to the brackets 32 as for
Another object is to provide a vibration dampener 20 example by means of bolts, rivets, welding or the like.
which can be used in conjunction with the support of
The numeral 3% indicates each of a ?rst pair of
Various ty es of articles such as articles of furniture,
similar mounting units that are connected to the ?rst
work benches or the like, and wherein regardless of the
crosspiece 34, FlGURE 1, and as shown in ‘FIGURE 12
direction of the vibration or shock, the present invention
due to the mounting units 38 embodies a base 39 which
will compensate for such vibration or shock so as to 25 includes a side wall portion 4i! as well as a bottom por
prevent instruments or other articles that are being sup
tion 41, and the portion 4-1 has an opening 42 therein for
p rted from being effected by such shocks or vibrations.
a purpose to be later described. A disc 43 made of a
Still another object is to provide a shockproof and
vibrationl-ess assembly of the character described that
may be used in conjunction with precision instruments,
and further objects and advantages are to provide im
proved elements and arrangements thereof in a device of
the character described that is economical to produce,
durable in form, and conduciveto the most economical
use of materials and uniformity of members formed there
from.
Still further objects and advantages will become ap
parent from the subsequent description in the speci?
cation.
suitable yieldable or resilient ?ber like material is inter
posed between the portion d-l and the crosspiece 34-, and
the numeral 44 indicates a support member that is ad
justably connected to the base 39. The support member
includes a depending neck portion 45 which is pro
vided with an annular groove or recess 46 therein, and as
shown in the drawings a yieldable or resilient body piece
127 has a lip 43 that is seated in the recess 46. The
numeral 4%? indicates a coil spring which has one end
engaging a recessed portion St) within the neck 45, and
shown in the drawings there is provided a securing
element or bolt 51 which includes a shank 52 that has
In the drawings:
40 an enlarged head 53 on one end thereof, and an end
FEGURE 1 is a front elevational view of the shockproof
portion of the shank 52 is threaded as at 51%, there being
and vibration absorber assembly of the present invention,
a fastener or nut 55 arranged in threaded engagement
and with parts broken away and in section.
with the threaded portion 54 in order to maintain the
FIGURE 2 is a sectional View taken on the line 2-—-2
of FIGURE 1.
FEGURE 3 is a sectional view taken on the line 3—3
of FIGURE 1.
parts in their proper assembled position. The shank 52
is extended through an opening 56 in the support mem
ber 44.
As shown in the drawings a horizontally disposed block
FlGURE 4 is a sectional view taken on the line 4—4
57 is arranged above the crosspiece 34, and the block
of FIGURE 1.
57 is provided with a recess or cutout 53 therein. The
FIGURE 5 is a sectional View taken on the line 5-5 50 block 5'7 has a threaded opening 5% which registers with
of F IGURE 1.
an opening 61 in an insert 62, and a bolt or securing ele
FEGURE 6 is an enlarged sectional View taken on the
ment tit? has a portion thereof extending through the
line 6-6 of FIGURE 1.
opening 61 and thread-edly engaging the opening 59 so
FEGURE 7 is a view similar to FIGURE 6 but show
as to maintain the insert 62 connected to the block 57.
55 Electric cables 64 are clamped between arcuately recessed
ing the parts in a different position.
FEGURE 8 is a view similar to FIGURES 6 and 7 but
portions 53 in the insert 62 and block 57, and these cables
showing the parts in another or different position.
64- may include conductor wires s5 therein, FIGURE 13.
FEGURE 9 is a sectional view taken on the line 9-9
The support members as are provided with annular
of FIGURE 6.
grooves 65, and set screws or securing elements 67 are
FIGURE 10‘ is an enlarged sectional View taken on the
adapted to extend through portions of the block 57 and
line wall? of FlGUREvl.
engage the grooves 66, as for example as shown in
FIGURE 13.
FlGURE 11 is a sectional View taken on the line 1fi—1i1
of FEGURE 10*.
The upper portions of the support members 44 are
snugly received in the recesses 68 in the block 57, and
FlGURE 12 is an enlarged sectional view taken on the
there is provided on the lower end of the support member
line 2—-1Z of FIGURE 1.
44 an enlarged circular shoulder 69 which is adapted to
FIGURE 13 is a sectional view taken on the line 1.3-4.3
slide up and down in the base 39.
of FIGURE 1.
FIGURE 14 is a fragmentary sectional View illustrat
As shown in the drawings there is provided a generally
rectangular open inn-er frame that is indicated generally
ing a modi?cation.
70 by the numeral 76, and the inner frame ‘76 includes
FIGURE 15 is a fragmentary sectional View of another
modification.
spaced parallel vertically disposed side members 71 as
well as horizontally disposed spaced parallel end mem
’
3,083,939
3
bers 72, and the end members and side members are
adapted to be secured together as at 73. Mounting units
38’ are operatively connected to the lower end members
72 of the inner frame 70, and it will be seen that the
mounting units 38' include a support member 44-’ that
is slidably or adjustably connected to the base 39, and a
yieldable or ?ber washer or disc 74 is arranged contigu
ous to the support member 44’. The mounting unit 38'
further includes a ?ber disc 75 which is arranged con
tiguous to a washer 76, and a fastener 77 is arranged 10
4
through of air. The stem 117 otherwise has a construc
tion which is somewhat similar to the construction of
the stem 98.
Attention is now directed to FIGURE 14 of the draw
ings wherein there is illustrated a modi?cation and where
in the numeral 120 indicates a portion of a member such
as a work bench, leg of a table or the like, and the mem
ber 120 is provided with a recess 121 as well as a reduced
diameter threaded aperture 122, and the numeral 38"
on a securing element such as a securing element 51 for
indicates a mounting unit for the member 120. The
mounting unit 38" includes a support member 44" as well
maintaining the associated parts in their proper position.
The numeral 78 indicates a ?xture or housing which
element 51” is adapted to engage the threaded opening
is arranged within the inner frame 70, and the ?xture 78
includes vertically disposed side sections 79 as well as
horizontally disposed top and bottom sections 80 and 81.
The numeral 82 indicates a door which may be provided
as a securing element 51", and an end of the securing
122 in the member 120. A support piece 123 is adapted
to be connected to the support member 44", and the sup‘
port piece 123 is adapted to engage a floor surface or the
like.
Referring to FIGURE 15 of the drawings there is
for permitting a person to gain access to the delicate
shown a further modi?cation wherein the numeral 124 in
instruments within the ?xture 78, and the door 82 may
be opened by means of a handle 83, and the numeral 84 20 dicates a member such as an article of furniture, support
ing table or the like, and the member ‘124 has provided
indicates a hinge for supporting the door 82.
Arranged around various spaced apart points relative
to the ?xture 78 are mounting devices which are indicated
generally by the numeral 85, and these mounting devices
85 have a construction as later described in this applica
in its lower end with a recess 125 which has communi
eating therewith a small opening 126, and the numeral
127 indicates a stud or pin which engages the opening
126, and a mounting device 85' is arranged as shown in
FIGURE 15, and the mounting device 85’ has connected
tion. There is also provided U-shaped yokes 86 which
to the lower portion thereof by means of a securing ele
each include a web portion 87 that is secured in place
ment 129 a support element 128, and an upwardly dis
as at 88, and each yoke 86 further includes a pair of
posed member 130 is arranged adjacent the top portion
spaced parallel arms 89, and the arms 89 are arranged so
that the mounting devices 85 are supported between the 30 of the mounting device 85'.
From the foregoing, it is apparent that there has been
arms 89 and adjacent portions of the ?xture 78.
provided a shockproof mounting which is especially suit
Attention is directed to FIGURES 6, 7 and 8 of the
able for use with delicate instruments or the like, and in
drawings, wherein there is shown in detail the construc
use with the parts arranged ‘as shown in the drawings, it
tion of a mounting device 85 and it will be seen that the
will be seen that the ?xture 78 is arranged so that delicate
mounting device includes a spherical hollow body mem
inst-nunents or the like supported therein will ‘be pro
ber 90 that is adapted to be made up of two generally
tected from damage from vibrations, shocks or the like.
semi-spherical sections 91 that are bonded or adhesively
The present invention is not restricted to any particular
secured together as at 92, and the body member 90 is
type of instrument and for example the ?xture 78 may
provided with an air aperture or opening 93 therein.
Diametrically opposed generally arcuate saddles 94 and 40 be hollow and access can be gained to the interior of the
?xture 78 by manually gripping the knob 83 and opening
95 engage outer portions of the body member 90, and
the door 82 or swinging the door open about an axis
there is provided diametrically opposed curved ?rst and
extending through the hinge 84. The ?xture 78 which
second base elements 96 and 97 which are arranged within
has the instruments of a suitable nature or type supported
the body member 9%). The numeral 98 indicates a stem
which has a threaded outer end portion 99, and a nut or 45 therein is arranged within the inner frame 70, and the
fastener 100 is arranged in threaded engagement with
the portion 99. The numeral 103 indicates a bushing that
is slidably arranged on the stem 98, ‘and the bushing 103
is provided with a rounded or arcuate surface 101. Bear
ing members 102 which may be made of a suitable mate- rial such as a ?ber like substance are arranged in a suit
able opening for the projection therethrough of the mov
able stem 98 so as to minimize friction between the parts.
The stem 98 is provided with a circular shoulder 105
which engages an adjacent recess in the saddle 94. The
inner end of the stem 98 is threaded as at 104 for thread
inner frame 70 is arranged within the outer frame 37, as
shown in FIGURE 1.
There is provided around the ?xture 78 a plurality of
resilient mounting devices or mounting units which serve
to function as shock absorbers so that in the event that
vibrations or shocks occur, such shocks or vibrations will
not be transmitted to the delicate instruments supported by
the ?xture 78 so that damage to such instruments will be
minimized or prevented. It will ‘be noted that the outer
frame 37 may be rigidly a?ixed in place, but the inner
frame 70 is resiliently supported within the outer frame
37, as for example due to the provision of the mounting
edly engaging the base element 96.
units 38’ and the upper mounting devices 85.
There is further provided a movable plunger or piston
In addition, the ?xture 78 is resiliently supported with
106 which is provided with a circular ?ange or shoulder
107 that engages a recess 108 in the base element 96, 60 in the inner frame 70 by means of the mounting units 38’
and the mounting devices 85 and this construction is such
and an end portion 109 of the plunger 106 is arranged in
that in the event of a shock or vibration, such shocks or
threaded engagement with the base element 96. The pis
vibrations will be initially absorbed or dampened by the
ton 106 is arranged for sliding movement in a bore 110
lowermost mounting units 38’ and by the uppermost
of a cylinder 111, and the cylinder 111 is provided with
an enlarged recessed portion 112 for receiving therein an 65 mounting devices 85, and subsequently the shocks or
vibrations will be dampened or eliminated by the mount
end of the coil spring 113, and the coil spring 113 has
ing devices 85 and mounting units 38’ that are interposed
the piston 106 slidable therein. Mounted within the
between the ?xture 78 and the inner frame 70.
base element 97 is an apertured ?tting 114 that provides
As shown in FIGURE 1, there is provided the electric
a seat for the valve member '115, and the valve member
115 is provided with a small aperture or opening ‘116 70 conductor wires or cables 64 which may be connected
therein. A stem 117 has its inner end threadedly con
nected to the ‘base element 97, and there is a circular
?ange or shoulder 118 on the stem 117, and as shown in
FIGURE 7 for example the stem ‘117 is provided with a
hollow interior or passageway 119 for the passage there 75
to a suitable source of electrical energy, and these cables
64 are clamped in place between the recesses 63 of the
insert 62 and block 57, as for example as shown in FIG
URE 13, and in addition there is provided for the block
57 the mounting units 38 which also help to dampen
5
3,083,939
any vibrations or shocks that may be transmitted along
the cables 64-.
As shown in FIGURES 6 through 8 for example, it
will be seen that the mounting devices 85 are arranged
or constructed so that regardless of the direction of the
shock or vibration, the shock or vibrations will be damp
ened or absorbed by the mounting device, and in addition
each of the mounting devices are constructed so that a
plurality of independent shock absorbing effects are pro
6»
tion or shock occurs, the body member 90 can be par
tially compressed and the rubber like or resilient con
struction of the body member 90 will function to help
absorb such shocks or vibrations, and also the coil spring
113 will be partially compressed to also help absorb the
shocks or vibrations and in addition, the valve member
115 will move from the position shown in FIGURE 6 to
the closed position of FIGURE 8 so that the only air
traveling between the bore 110 and the passageway 119
vided which serve to effectively dampen or reduce the 10 must pass through the restricted aperture 116 and this
shocks before they are transmitted to the delicate in
restricted aperture helps dampen or retard slid-ing move
struments within the ?xture 73.
In FIGURE 6 a mount
ment ‘of the piston 106 in the bore 110 so as to also aid
ing device 85 is shown in normal position as for ex
in the shock absorbing eifect that is desired. Further
ample when no shock or vibration is present, and in
more, it will be noted that the stems or members 98 and
FIGURE 7 .the position of the parts of the mounting 15 117 are capable of pivotal movement within the bearings
device 85 is illustrated as for example when a shock or
162 and thus regardless of the direction of the shock
vibration occurs in ‘a direction that is in alignment with
or ‘vibration, the parts can automatically adjust in order
the longitudinal axis of the piston 106. Thus, as shown
to absorb the shocks. The ?tting or bushings 103 are
in FIGURE 7 when such a vibration or shock occurs
slidable on the members '98 and 117 and these elements
the body member 550 will become partially compressed, 20 103 have the rounded surfaces 101 which are adapted to
and since the body member 90 is made of a yieldable
engage the adjacent bearings 1112 in order to ‘help orient
or resilient material such as a suitable'rubber, plastic
the parts ‘and permit the pivotal movement to take place
or the like, it will be seen that the shock or vibration
in order to help prevent the shocks from being trans
will be partially absorbed clue to the inherent resiliency
mitted to the delicate instruments being supported. The
of the body member 90. In addition it will be noted that 25 nuts or fasteners 188‘ ‘are threaded on the portion such
when no vibration or shock is present, the valve member
as the portions 99 of the stems so that these nuts 100
115 is partially open so that air can ?ow through the
function as ‘limit stop members in order to insure that
hollow space or passageway 119‘ in the tubular member
the parts will be maintained in their proper assembled
117 and this air can also flow through the central aper
relation and also these stop members 104} de?ne abut
ture in the seat 114 and past the partially opened valve
ments whereby the elements 103 can slide on the stems
member 115. However, when the parts are in the posi
98 and117 so that for example the parts can move back,
tion of FIGURE 7, the piston 106 will have moved from
and forth between the positions such as that shown in
ri it to left through the ‘bore 110 in the cylinder 111
FIGURE 6 and that shown in FIGURE 8.
and this will have the effect of closing the valve member
The ‘body members 96 are each provided with an aper
115 so that the only air that?can flow between the bore
ture or opening 93 so that air can ?ow through this
110 and the passageway 119 is that air which passes
through the small aperture lll‘? in the valve member .115
and this restricted aperture or. opening 116 thus acts as
a further shock or vibration dampener since it will have
a tendency to retard movement of the piston 106 in the
bore 110; This is because the restricted opening 116,
will only permit the air to. ?'ow'therethrough at a certain
rate or velocity which is less than .the rate or velocity
of the air asfor example when the valve 115 is in the
position of FIGURE 6, and the valve member 115 nor
mally omupies or assumes the position such as that shown
in ‘FIGURE 6due to the inherent resiliency of the valve
aperture 93, as for example when the body member ‘90 is
expanding or contracting during movement‘ of the parts
from a positionv such as that shown in FIGURE 6 to a
position such as that shown in FIGURES 7 or 8.
_As shown :in FIGURE 1, the mounting devices 35 at
the opposite sides of the ?xture 78 are fastened between
the sides 79 of the fixture 78 and the side portions 71 '
of the inner frame 76). In addition avpair of the mount
ing devices 85 are interposed and fastened between the
top 80 of the ?xture 78 and the top portion 72 of the,
inner frame 70, and also a pair of mounting devices 85
are arranged or interposed between the crosspiece 36 and
the top member 72 of the inner frame 70. Other mount
The spring 113 also helps dampen the vi rations or
ing devices 35 are a?’ixed to the arms ‘39 of the yoke 86
shocks, and ‘for example it will be seen that as the parts 50 and as shown in the drawings such as in FIGURE 2 for
move from a position shown in FIGURE 6 to a position
example the mounting devices 35 engage opposite sur-v
such as that shown in FIGURE 7, the coil spring .113
faces of the ?xture 7-8 and this arrangement is such that
will be compressed between the portion 112 of the cyl
regardless of the direction of the shock or vibration, the
inder 111 ‘and the portion 108 of the base element 96,
mounting devices will be able to absorb or dampen the
member 115.
_
and this spring 113 Will thus serve to take up some of
the shock or absorb the vibrations so that it will be seen
same so as to insure that the delicate instruments in the
be arranged in the ?xture 78. After the shocksor vibra
tions have disappeared or been absorbed, the pants will
ing devices is similar.
The outer frame 37 has a‘ generally rigid construction,’
?xture 78 will not be damaged. The mounting devices
that each of the mounting devices 85 includes a plurality
85 all have generally the same construction and oper
of different means for helping to reduce or eliminate
ation although as previously stated they are adapted to
shocks that wouldvotherwise be transmitted through the 60 be fastened to and used with differentp-arts of the ap
supporting structureto the delicate instruments that may
paratus but in general the function of the various mount
return from a position such as that shown in FIGURE 7.
to a position such as that shown in FIGURE 6 due to
the inherent resiliency ‘of the‘parts such as the inherent
resiliency of thebody member §0 and the coil spring 113.
that is the bars 31 and crosspieces 34, 35 and 36 are
65 rigidly secured together as for example by means of the
elements 32, so that in e?'ec-t the outer frame will have
a tendency to transmit the shocks or vibrations there
along without any substantial or appreciable amount of
In addition the mounting devices 85 are constructed so
that shocks or vibrations will be absorbed or dampenedv
dampening taking place. However, the shocks or vibra
even when they are not directed along a straight line
70 tions will not ordinarily reach the inwardly disposed
as shown in FIGURE 7, and in this connection attention
?xture 78 since in order to reach the ?xture '78 such
is directed to FIGURE 8 wherein there is illustrated the
shocks or vibrations will have to move through the m-ount—
action which takes place when a shock or vibration occurs
ing devices and mounting units and since these mounting
that is not along the longitudinal ‘axis of a member such
devices and mounting units are constructed so that they
as the stem 93. It will be seen that when such a vibra 75
act as shock absorbers, it will be seen that the delicate .
3,083,939?
instruments in such‘ a ?xture‘ will be safely supported
other tool in engagement with the kerf in the head of
38 which help insure that no shocks or vibrations will
be transmitted along the conductor 64 to the ?xture 78,
the securing element 51f’ so that the tension exerted‘ by‘
the spring 49 can be varied or regulated as desired‘. The
support piece 123 may be made‘ so‘ that it can be dis
connected‘ or removed from the support member 44"
and the conductors 64 are adapted to be used for con
if desired or required‘.
necting various types of electronic instruments or the
In the modi?cation of FIGURE 15 one of the mount
ing devices is shown in an application that is somewhat
similar to the arrangement of FIGURE 14, and it will
and protected.
The‘ present invention also includes the mounting units
like in the ?xture 78 to a suitable source of electrical
_
energy. Thus, any shocks which may have a tendency
to travel along the conductors 64 will be absorbed in 10 be seen that in FIGURE 15 the numeral 85' indicates
a mounting device which engages a recess .125 in the
the mount-ing units or shock absorbers 38 which have
lower portion of the leg or other support 124 which may
a construction such as that shown in FIGURE 12 and it
be part of a work bench or the like that is used for sup
will be seen that for example when such a shock or
porting delicate instruments, tools or other articles where
vibration occurs, the support member 44 can move in
wardly into the base 39 to compress the element 47 and 15 in such articles are desired to be protected against shocks,
vibrations and the like. The support element 128 is
adapted to be secured‘ to the lower end portion of the
47 is made of a suitable material such as rubber, plastic
mounting device 85' as for example by means of the
or the like, the element 47 will act as a shock absorber,
securing element 129, and [the securing element 129 may
and also the coil spring 49 will act as a shock absorber
so that such shocks will not be transmitted along the 20' be provided with a passageway similar to the passageway
119 so as to permit air to pass therethrough as the re
conductors 64 to the ?xture 78. After the shocks have
silient body member of the mounting device 85’ expands
been dissipated or absorbed, the inherent resiliency of
or contracts due to vibrations or shocks being dampened
the element 47 on the coil spring 49 serves to return
thereby. The member 130 is adapted to be arranged ad
the parts to their normal posit-ions such as that shown
‘ jacent the upper end of the mounting device 85', and
in FIGURE 12.
the stud 127 is adapted to engage a suitable opening 126
The mounting units 38' have 'a- construction and oper
in the lower portion of the member 124 so that the
ation generally similar to the mounting units 38, how
mounting device 85' will be maintained in its proper
ever, the mounting units 38' have a modi?ed or different
location.
type of support member 44’, and as shown in FIGURE
The parts can be made of any suitable material and
10 a ?ber washer 74 is adapted to be interposed between
in di?erent shapes or sizes.
the support member 44' and the adjacent element 81,
Also, a unit such as that shown in FIGURE 14 or such
and this ?ber washer 74 may move or shift slightly along
as that shown in FIGURE 15 can be used on the lower
the element 81 so as- to permit the parts to automatically
end of a table or chair leg, and the mounting mech
adjust to a position that helps minimize breakage or
anisms can be used in other applications such as in con
damage thereto.
also compress the coil spring 49, and since the element
While the present invention has been speci?cally de
junction with doors or ‘windows where it is desired to
dampen shocks or vibrations. Suitable washers, bear
scribed for use in connection with the support of delicate
instruments or the like, it is to be understood that the
mounting‘ of the present invention is not restricted to
required‘. The bearing members such as the members
use with apparatus or structure for supporting such deli
cate instruments since the present invention can be used
to minimize friction and wear between the various mov
ings, braces or the like can be used wherever desired or
102 may be made of a suitable ?ber like material so as
ing parts. The parts including the elements 102 and
in any type of structure where it is desirable to provide
103 and 98 constitute a swivel ball type of socket which
a vibrationl'ess or shockproof mounting. 'Ihus, instead
of supporting delicate instruments in the ?xture 78, other 45 permits the necessary movement to take place as the
shocks or vibrations occur. The yieldable body piece
types of articles can be supported or arranged‘ therein
47 is adapted to have its lip 48 snugly seated in the recess
as desired or required. Also, as shown in FIGURE 14
46 so as to provide a snap' in type of construction which
the mounting unit 38-’ can be used in the lower end of
permits the body piece 47 to be ?rmly held in place, and
a support or the like as indicated by the numeral 120,
and the support 120 may be a leg of a table, work bench 50 also this construction permits a member such as the
member 47 to be maintained in its proper aligned posi
or the like, and a plurality of the mountingunits 38"
tion. The sections such as the sections 91 of the body
of FIGURE 14 can be used, one for each leg of the
member 90 may be secured together as at 92 by means
work bench or table or the like. Thus, articles of a
of vulcanization.v The members such as the members
delicate nature can be supported on such a work bench
in such a manner that shocks or vibrations will not be 55 shown in FIGURES 14 and 15 can be used at the lower
ends of legs of furniture such as tubular chairs, desks
transmitted to the tools or other articles which are being
supported. In FIGURE 14 the mounting unit 38’ is
shown to include the support piece 123 which is adapted
or the like. In addition, the present invention functions
as a Ieveler and stabilizer when used as shown in the
to engage the ?oor or the like, and this support piece
drawings.
the support member 44" can move inwardly into the base
39 so as to compress the coil spring 49 and flex the yield
to support various types of instruments in such a manner
and coil spring 49 will function as shock absorbers to
dampen the shock or vibration which would otherwise
be transmitted through the member 120 to the articles
invention is constructed so that shocks or vibrations from
being supported. The securing element 51" can be ad
furniture, hospital equipment, o?icc equipment, machin
123 is suitably secured to the support member 44", and 60 A construction such as that shown in FIGURE 1 is
especially suitable for supporting delicate instruments as
the support member 44” is adjustably or telescopically
for example in the vicinity of missile ?ring ranges, as
connected to the base 39. The device of FIGURE 14
for example when it is necessary to protect such delicate
is shown to comprise the coil spring 49 as well as a
instruments from shock or vibrations that frequently oc
securing element 51" and there is also provided the yield
able body piece 47. The securing element ‘51" serves 65 cur as a result of a rocket, missiles or the like being
discharged. In addition, the present invention is espe
to maintain the parts properly assembled together, and
cially suitable for use in aircraft where it is necessary
it will be seen that in the event of a shock or vibration,
that they will not be subjected to the damaging effects
able body piece 47 so that in effect the body piece 47 70 of various types of shocks or vibrations. The present
all directions will be dampened, and the present inven
tion can be used in conjunction with various articles of
justed as for example by arranging a screw driver or 75 ery, delicate instruments or the like.
3,083,939
9
10
The parts can be made large or small depending upon
Having described my invention, what I claim as new
and desire to secure ‘by Letters Patent is:
-1. A device of the character described comprising an
the size of load being supported, and the present inven
tion will also function to help prevent sound waves from
being transmitted to instruments or the like. Certain
outer frame embodying vertically disposed spaced par
parts of the mounting units or devices may be made of a C31 allel bars, a pair of horizontally disposed crosspieces se
material which also prevents the transmission of electricity
therethrough, and for example the ?ber washers can also
cured in vertically spaced relation to said bars, a ?rst pair
of similar mounting units connected to the lower of said
function as electric insulating members so as to prevent
pair of crosspieces, each of said mounting units compris
static electricity or the like from entering or damaging or
ing a base including a bottom portion provided with an
otherwise interfering with various types of delicate instru 10 opening therein, and said base further including a cylin
The members such as the saddles and base ele
drical side wall portion, a yieldable disc interposed be
ments.
ments which are contiguous to the spherical body member
tween said base and said lower crosspiece, a support mem
90 are shaped arcuately or curved and have rounded sur
faces thereon so as to insure that there will be no sharp
ber adjustably connected to said base and said support
member including a side section having a circular shoul
edges to puncture or otherwise damage the body member. 15 der slidably engaging the inner surface of the side wall
Referring now to FIGURES 16 and 17 of the draw
portion of the base, a neck depending from said support
ings, the numeral 73' indicates a fixture or box like mem
member and said neck having an outer annular recess
bar which can be used for any desired purpose, as for
therein, a yieldable body piece having a lip on its upper
example delicate instruments or the like can be supported
end engaging said recess, a securing element extending
in or on a ?xture such as the ?xture 78’. The mounting 20 through said support member and through said base and
devices 85 may be arranged as shown in FIGURE 16, and
through said lower crosspiece and said securing element
the numeral 135 indicates a horizontally disposed frame
having a fastener on its lower end, said securing element
that is arranged above a surface such as the ?oor surface
136, and the mounting devices 35 can be used for pre
further including a shank having an enlarged head on its
upper end, a coil spring circumposed on said shank and
venting damage or harm to instruments being supported 25 said coil spring being arranged within said yieldable body
by the ?xture 78'.
piece, an inner frame interposed between said bars and
In the modi?cation of FIGURE 18, the box 78' or ?x~
between said cross pieces, said inner frame comprising
ture 78’ can be again used for supporting various types of
spaced parallel vertically disposed side members and
instruments or the like, and mounting units 38 can be
spaced parallel horizontally disposed end members, said
arranged on opposite sides of the frame 135 so as to help 30 lower end member connected to said support members of
provide a vibrationless mounting or support for the unit
said mounting units, resilient ‘mounting devices interposed
or member 78’.
between the other end member and the other cro-sspiece
As shown in FIGURE 12 the resilient body piece or
and between the side members and ‘bars, a ?xture arranged
grommet ‘47 has a lip or ?ange 48 that is snugly engaged
centrally within said inner frame, mounting units inter
in the recess 46, and a similar construction is adapted to 35 posed between the lower end member of said inner frame
be used in all of the other such mounting units, and this
and the bottom of said ?xture, mounting devices inter
is an important feature or aspect of the present invention
and for example represents an improvement over the con
posed between the sides of said ?xture and the side mem~
bers of the inner frame, U-shaped yokes including webs
struction of the levelers shown in my co-pending patent
secured to the end members of the inner frame and spaced
application Serial No. 781,041, ?led December 17, 1958,
40 apart arms the ends of which overlap in spaced relation
the front and back respectively of the end portions of
said ?xture and resilient ‘mounting devices interposed be
with the member 44, and the support members may be
tween the end portions of said arms and ?xture.
provided with cut away or recessed portions 137 that re
2. The structure as de?ned in claim 1 wherein each of
duce the bearing surface ‘between the support members 45 said mounting devices comprises a resilient spherical hol
now Patent No. 3,027,680. Thus, this construction is
such that the grommet or element 47 will move in unison
low body member having an aperture therein, diametric
ally opposed arcuate saddles arranged adjacent the outer
and their coacting bases so that the necessary or desired
sliding or reciprocating action can take place in the most
advantageous and ef?cient manner.
it is to be understood that the present invention can be
portions of said body member, diametrically opposed
curved ?rst and second base elements arranged within
used in various different applications or uses so that the 50 said body member, a stem engaging one of said base ele
same is not restricted to use in connection with the sup
ments and adjacent saddle, and said stem having a bush
porting of delicate instruments or the like.
ing slidably arranged thereon, a fastener connected to
With further reference to the construction such as that
said stem, coacting bearing pieces having said stem ad
shown in FIGURES 6, 7 and 8, and in particular as
justably connected thereto, a piston slidably arranged in
shown in FIGURE 8, it will be seen that this construc 55 said body member, a coil spring connected to said piston,
tion provides a stilfener on one side of the mounting de
a cylinder having a bore for slidably receiving said piston,
ice so as to insure that the device will move properly to
an apertured ?tting having a valve member arranged con
an inclined position and give equal pressure at all times
tiguous thereto, a stem connected to the second base ele
during its travel and yet permit air to escape and enter
ment and said stem having a passageway therein, a fas
as required for the load action as the load action increases 60 tener on said last named stem, and a bushing slidable on
said last named stem.
or decreases.
As stated previously an important aspect of the present
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
invention is the resilient grommet 47 which has the lip
43 that engages the groove or recess 46 so that the sup
port member and grommet will move or function as a 65
single unit, and this is an improvement over a construc
tion such as that shown in my prior patent No. 3,027,680.
Although the invention has been herein shown and de
scribed in what is conceived to be the most practical and
2,404,531
preferred embodiment, it is recognized that the departures 70
may be made therefrom within the scope of the inven
tion, which is not to be limited to the details disclosed
herein but is to be accorded the full scope of the claims
so as to embrace any and all equivalent devices and ap
paratus.
UNITED STATES PATENTS
2,605,099
2,610,016
2,610,017
2,744,718
2,756,015
2,930,556
Robertson ____________ __ July 23, 1946
1952
1952
Brown ______________ __ July 29,
Crede ______________ __ Sept. 9,
Lambert ____________ __ Sept. 9,
Markowski __________ __ May 8,
Larisch ____________ __ July 24,
Horlacher __________ __ Mar. 29,
1952
1956
1956
1960
FOREIGN PATENTS
75
1,158,902
France ______________ __ Feb. 3, 1958
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