close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US3084638

код для вставки
3,084,628
April 9, 1963
ÅRTHUR
BY
INVENTOR.
ROZZ/
ATTORNE
'United štates Éatent
'fine
3,08%,ê28
Patented Apr. 9, 1963.
2
'i
The device of FIGS. l, 2, and 3, may be identí?ed
3,084,62S
as a “smoke wheel,” since it is constructed and charged
PYRÛTECHNÃC ATPPARATUÉ
Arthur Rossi, íoveiand, Ghia, assignor to Tri-State Mig.
to emit continuous streams of dense smoke from the fused
tail ends of the pots when ?red. Firing involves light
Co., inc., Loveland, Ûhio, a corporation of Ûhio
ing the exposed end of fuse 18, which in turn ignites
Filed Ûct. 26, 1959, Ser. No. 843,789
the connecting fuse 19 that ?res the second pot 14.
3 Claizns. (Ci. 192-375)
Due to the almost simultaneous igniting of fuses 18
and 19, both pots will be activated to emit their products
This invention relates to pyrotechnic apparatus, and
of combustion in unison, through the tail ends thereof,
is concerned particularly with the type of apparatus com
lwith
the result that the disc is rotated at high speed in
10
monly referred to as a pinwheel.
the clockwise direction to produce an awesome display.
An object of the inventicn is to provide an improved
The ingredients and proportionate amounts thereof con
pyrotechnic device having novel characteristics which
stituting the smoke wheel, may be according to the fol
render it especially attractive and distinctive.
lowing -formulaz
Another object is to incorporate in the pinwheel type
Lbs.
pyrotechnic device, certain technical improvements which 15
Saltpetre
__
16
enhance and enliven the display without necessarily in
Sulphnr ____________________________________ __ 16
creasing the cost of manufacture.
Fine coal _______ __
1
A further object of the invention is to provide a pin
wheel type of device which is reliable in performance
A slightly diiferent physical arrangement of parts char
20 acterizes the device of 'FIGS. 4 and 5. Here the pots 2.2
and simple to operate.
The foregoing and other objects are attained by the
and 23 are so fused as to be activated in succession.
means described herein and illustrated upon the accom
That is, the fuse section 24 extending from the tail end
25 of pot 22 serves to activate pot 22, but the connecting
panying drawing, in which:
FIG. l is a Side elevational view of the improved pyro
fuse 26 does not ignite until the ingredients of pot 22
technic device shown applied to a post or support in 25 approach exhaustion. Near the period of exhaustion of
pot 22, fuse 26 delivers the necessary ?ame -to the tail
readiness for ?ring.
FIG. 2 is a front elevational view of the improved de
27 of the second pot 23, to activate the latter. The
products of combustion eject from the tail ends 25 and
vice of the invention.
IG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken on line 3-3 of
27 of pots 22 and 23, respectively, to rotate the wheel
30 at relatively slow speed in counter-clockwise direction.
FIG. 2.
_
FIG. 4 is a front elevational view of a modi?cation.
The pots of FIGS. 4 and 5, like those previously de
iFll-G. 5 is a cross-sectional view taken on line 5-5
scribed in the disclosure of FIGS. l to 3, may be glued
or otherwise añiXed to one face of disc 8, and may be
of FIG. 4.
As represented in the drawing, the numeral 8 lindicates
wrapped with :a decorative cover 28. The tail ends 25
a pallet or Circular disc having a central reinforced open
and 27 of the pots should point in opposite directions
ing 9 through which may be driven a nail 10 or other
as shown, and the pots should be mounted in substantial
fastener, whereby the disc may be rotationally mounted
parallelism upon the disc 8, at opposite sides of the
to or upon a post 12 or other appropriate support. The
central aperture 9.
disc may be of cardboard or other suitable material
The construction of the device of FIGS. 4 and 5
40
having the necessary rigidity, :and if desired, its central
adapts it particularly for use as a “whistling wheel,” due
portion may carry a relatively thick and durable hub 13
to the successive activation of the pots and the slow speed
resulting. The ingredients and proportionate amounts
in which the hole 9 is formed.
In FEGS. l, 2 and 3, the characters 14 and 15 indicate
thereof employed in the whistling wheel, may be sub
a pair of tubes, appropriately formed of cardbo-ard, or 45 ystantially in accordance with the following formula, by
the like, which contain the pyrotechnic ingredients. These
weight:
Percent
tubes are commonly referred to as pots, and for purposes
of appearance may be covered or Wrapped with a deco
Sodium salicylate __________________________ __ 30.5
rative paper cover 16 gathered :at one end and tied as
Potassium perchlora-te ______________________ __ 67.0
at 17. Sections of fuse material 18 and 19 enter the 50 Red gum _________________________________ __ 2.5
tied end of each pot, and may be retained therein by
The ingredients and the proportions thereof may be
the string ties 17 which secure the paper cover. The
subject to substitution and limited variation, within the
unfused nose ends 20 of the pots are closed in any suita
skill of persons conversant with the art, but I have found
ble manner to retain the ingredients.
As illustrated upon FIG. 2, the pots are applied to 55 that unusual effects and reliable performance are assurcd
when the recited formulae are adhered to in production
the disc substantially tangentially thereof, with the pots in
approximate parallelism with one another, but With their
fused tail ends pointing in opposite directions. Fixation
of the pots to a common face of disc 8 may be accom
plished with the use of an adhesive, a wire or other ap
propriate fastening expedient.
In the instant example
here disclosed, it may be assumed that the pots are glued
to the disc face 21. The connecting fuse 19 which has
its opposite ends anchored in the tail ends of the pots
14 and 15, may overlie the face 21 of the disc as shown.
-of the improved devices.
Various modi?cations and changes in structural details
of the device may be resorted to, within the scope of
the appended claims, without departing from .the spirit
60 of the invention.
What is claimed is:
1. A pin wheel comprising the combination of a flat
disk having a central opening to receive a supporting
pin about which the disk rotates, a pair of pots, each
speaßas
*
in the form of a tube of substantial length, lying against
one face of the disk on opposite si-des of and equidistantly
spaced from said opening, each pot being secured to said
face of the disk along the surface of the pot which is
in contact with the disk and the pots being substantíally
parallel with one another and having their transverlse
centers located on a line extending diametrically of the
disk and substantially perpendicular to the pots, each pot
having a nose end and a tail end, the pots being posi
tioned for discharge in opposite directions from their tail
ends and along paths substantially parallel to the said
face of the disk, a combustible blast generating materialV
Within the pots releasable through the tail ends of the
pots upon ígnition, a starting fuse in and projecting from
the tail end of one pot, :and a connectíng fuse leading 1
from one of vthe ends of said one pot to the tail end of the
other pot.
i
4,
a
2. The invention according to claim 1, wherein the
said one of the ends of said one pot is the tail end.
3. The invention according to claim l, Wherein the
said one of the ends of said one pot is the nose end.
References Citetl in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
370,356
609,0“63
1,617,084
1,805,945
1,808,8l1
2,628,897
Schuetz ______________ __ Sept. 20,
Weilfenbach __________ __ Aug. 16,
Shunk ________________ __ Feb. 8,
Gehrig ______________ __ May 19,
Gioiosa ______________ __ June 9,
Vinton ______________ __ Feb. 17,
1887
1898
1927
1931
1931
1953
FOREIGN PATENTS
389,249
Great Britain _________ __ Mar. 16, 1933
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
263 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа