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Патент USA US3084665

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April 9, 1963
J. |_. BECKER
3,084,655
BOAT
Filed. Dec. 7, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTOR.
JAMES L. BECKER.
BY
AT TORNEY.
April 9, 1963
'
Fi‘led. Dec. 7, 1960
J. L. BECKER
3,084,655
BOAT
2 Sheets-Sheet 2‘
INVENTOR.
JAMES L. BECKER.
ATTORNEY.
United States Patent 0 " "ice
1
3,084,655
BOAT
3,084,655
Patented Apr. 9, 1963
2
Suitable controls for the operation of the motor to
provide driving connection to the shafts 23 and 35 are
not shown as they are well known in the art.
The shaft 35 when not in operating connection with
the motor remains stationary holding the hull 11 through
James L. Becker, 7771 Styrax Lane,
Cincinnati 37, Ohio
Filed Dec. 7, 1960, Ser. No. 74,286
3 Claims. (Cl. 114-67)
the gears 36 and 37 stationary in respect to the compart
ment 14.
‘In FIG. 3, I have shown a modi?ed form of my inven
This invention relates to boats, and more particularly
tion, wherein a rudder 41 extends from the tubular mem
to a boat with a rotating hull of semi-spherical formation,
ber 21 over the side of the boat into the Water in place
whereby the boat will glide over the water in any desired 10 of the tail ?n 27 for maintaining the inner compartment
direction. The spinning hull will ride high in the Water
against rotation.
thus reducing the friction between the boat and the water
To operate my improved boat, the propeller is turned
for obtaining greater speed for the boat.
by means of the steering wheel to the direction it is desired
The object of my invention is to provide a semi-spheri
to travel. The motor is started and operated to drive the
cal boat capable of traveling in any desired direction, for 15 shaft 23. As the boat starts to move, the shaft 35 is
ward, aft or sidewise.
engaged for rotation, to rotate the hull 11 through the
A further object of my invention is to provide motive
gears 36 and 37. The rotating hull will cause the boat
power for the boat which will propel the boat and con
to rise on the water to reduce the friction of the boat on
trol the direction of travel.
the water and greatly increase its speed. The air scoops
20
A further object is to provide means for changing the
13 will aid in the rotation of the hull.
relative position of the propeller in respect to the inner
‘Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim
compartment of the boat.
as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:
h {All further object is to provide means for roating the
u
.
A further object is to provide means for holding the 25
hull and inner compartment in ?xed relation to each other.
A further object is to provide air scoops on the rotating
hull to aid in rotating the hull.
My invention will be further readily understood from
the following description and claims, and from the draw 30
ings, in which latter:
FIG. 1 is a plan view of my improved boat.
IFIG. 2 is a vertical section of the same, taken in the
plane of the line 2--2 of FIG. 1.
1FIG. 3 is a modi?ed plan view of my device.
35
My improved boat comprises a semi-spherical hull 11
having extending ballast boards adjacent to the top of the
hull. The upper ballast board 12 is provided with air
scoops 13. A passenger compartment 14 is journalled
within the hull 11 being supported on ball bearings 15 40
adjacent to the upper portion thereof and bearings 16 at:
the base. Seats 17 and a floor 19 are provided. A motor
20 is mounted on the ?oor central of the craft.
Extending upwardly from the motor 20 is a tubular
45
7 member 21 having a housing 22 secured to the upper end
thereof. A shaft 23 in the tubular member 21 extends
from the motor 20 and drives a propeller 24 through
the gears 25 and 26. A tail ?n 27 is secured to the
housing 22 and acts as a rudder to maintain the boat on
said compartment,
.
(e) a shaft extending upwardly from said motor,
(1‘) a housing around said shaft extending above said
compartment, and
‘(,g) a propeller driven by said shaft and supported by
said housing for imparting movement to said boat.
2. A boat comprising:
(a) a horizontal semi-circular hull,
(b) a passenger compartment mounted in said hull
supported on bearings in said hull,
(c) a motor in said compartment,
(d) said motor imparting rotation to said hull around
said compartment,
(e) a shaft extending upwardly from said motor,
(f) a housing around said shaft extending above said
compartment,
(g) a propeller driven by said shaft and supported by
said housing for imparting movement to said boat,
and
50
course.
The relative position of the propeller to the comp-art
ment 14 is controlled by a steering Wheel 28 mounted on
a shaft 29 in a bracket 30 extending upwardly from the
?oor 19. A sprocket wheel 31 is secured to the tubular
member 21 and a sprocket wheel 32 is secured to the 55
steering wheel shaft 29 whereby through a sprocket chain
33 the direction of the air pull of the propeller can be
changed relative to the compartment 14 for changing the
direction of movement of the boat. Due to the semi 60
spherical hull the boat can be propelled in any direction
and its direction changed by manipulation of the steering
wheel.
The hull is rotated in respect to the inner compartment
by means of a shaft 35 extending downwardly from the
motor and having a gear v36 secured thereto meshing with 65
a gear 37 secured to a tubular member 38 secured to the
hull and centered on the bearing 16. A pipe 39 extends
from the motor through the tubular member 38 to pro
vide water for cooling the motor and an exhaust pipe 40
70
also extends through the member 38.
l. A boat comprising:
(a) a horizontal semi-circular hull,
(b) a passenger compartment mounted in said hull
supported on bearings in said hull,
(c) a motor in said compartment,
(d) said ‘motor imparting rotation to said hull around
(h) a steering wheel having connection with said hous
ing for changing the direction of said propeller rela
tive to said compartment to steer the boat.
3. A boat comprising:
(a) a horizontal semi-circular hull,
(b) a passenger compartment mounted in said hull sup
ported on bearings in said hull,
(c) a motor in said compartment,
(d) said motor imparting rotation to said hull around
said compartment,
(e) a shaft extending upwardly from said motor,
(f) a housing around said shaft extending above said
compartment,
(g) a propeller driven by said shaft and supported by
said housing for imparting movement to said boat,
(11) a steering wheel having connection with said hous
ing for changing the direction of said propeller rela
tive to said compartment to steer the boat, and
(i) a rudder for maintaining said compartment against
rotation.
(References on following page)
0
3,084,655
0
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
1,193,094-
UNITED
Wendt ______________
STATES PATENTS
__ Aug. 1, 1916
1,609,922
2,267,254
2,341,911
Wiig ________________ __ Dec. 7, 1926
Reilley _____________ __ Dec, 23, 1941
Drexler et a1. ________ __ 'Feb. 15, 1944
2,826,163
’
’
5
4
King _______________ .. Mar. 11, 1958
Erickson ____________ __ Mar. 11, 1958
Peterson _____________ __ Aug. 9, 1960
FOREIGN PATENTS
362,683
533,751
552,080
France ______________ __ Apr. 11, 1906
‘Italy _______________ __ Sept. 27, 1955
Italy _______________ __ Nov. 26, 1956
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