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Патент USA US3084699

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Apri] 9, 1963
'
J. M. JONES, JR
3,084,690
SURGICAL DRAINAGE APPLIANCE
Filed June 29, 1959
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mvENToR
JAMES M. JONES, JR.
United ätates
1
3,084,650
SURGICAL DRAINAGE ÀPPLIANCE
James M. l'ones, Sir., 37 Ayrshire Road, Worcester, Mass.
Filed .lune 29, 1959, Ser. No. 823,563
11 Claims. (Cl. 12S-_275)
This invention relates to surgical drainage appliances
usable for instance to connect a catheter to a liquid col
lecting receptacle.
Following certain types of surgical operations it is usual
hospital practice to insert »a catheter into the patient’s
f.
iQ@
Patented Apr. 9, 1963
Z
12 preferably concentric with the axis of the conical body
10. The aligning member 7 is preferably made of a
plastic material, such as polystyrene.
Below member 7 is a cap 15 having a top '16 in
the center of which is a downwardly extending conical
seat 17 into which the conical body 10 can fit. The top
116 has vent holes 18 and depending from its perimeter
is a shell 19 having upper and lower internal circular
ribs Ztl and 21, respectively. A circular ñange Z2 ex
tends horizontally and outwardly from the bottom of
the shell. The bottom of seat 17 has a hole 23 there
through of about the same diameter as that of bores
incision and connect it to some form of liquid collector
6 and l11.
by a drainage tube. Such appliances now in use do not
The tubular connector Z5 has a bore 26 therethrough
provide -a satisfactory connection between the tube and
in a vertical tube ‘27 of a diameter to lit snugly into bores
receptacle and as a result the patient when moving in 15 6 and 11 after passing through hole 231. The bottom of
the bed is likely to disconnect the tube from the receptacle.
connector 2‘5 has therearound a stop shoulder 2S larger
The drippings on the -lioor must then be wiped up by the
than the hole 23 and shaped as shown in FIG. 3 with a
attending nurse and if lthis is delayed Very long the air
groove 24 to receive the tapered bottom of seat 17. The
in the room becomes foul.
upper part of ltube 27 is preferably tapered slightly.
20
When the patient returns from the ‘operating room the
When assembling the parts thus far described the tubu
nurse -must connect the drainage tube to the receptacle,
lar connector 25 will be inserted upwardly through hole
but with devices now available this cannot be done
213 until the stop shoulder 28 engages the bottom of conical
quickly, or with assurance that the connection will be
seat 17. The aligning member 7 is then ñ‘tted down
permanent.
around the connector 25 until the conical body 10 is
It is an important object of the present invention to 25 in firm engagement with the seat 17. At this stage 0f
provide a surgical drainage appliance including a some
the assembly connector 2'5 will project above surface 8
what elastic cap to tit over the neck of a receptacle, such
«and the lower end of 'the drainage tube 5 will be fitted
as a bottle, Iand a member closely fitting part »at least of
d-own snugly around the upper end of connector 25.
the cap and held to the latter by a 'tubular connector for
The parts 5, 7, 15 and 25 are now held together tightly
30
the drainage tube. Both the cap and member have conical
due to the close tit of the tubular connector 2.5 with parts
parts which nest to hold the connector in correct position,
5 and 7 and the engagement «of stop shoulder 28 with part
the member serving 'to align the connector and its tube
1‘5. The tubular connector is preferably made of a
plastic material, such as polystyrene, which is found in
practice to establish a ñrm holding relation with the poly
force exerted by the nurse’s fingers when pushing the 35 styrene aligning member 7. The cap is preferably made
cap over the neck of the bottle without danger of disturb
of a somewhat elastic material sof-ter and more yieldable
ing the alignment of .the connector relative to the cap.
‘than
polystyrene, such as polyethylene.
When the exudate from the patient’s incision has an
The receptacle for the drippings from the patient is
with respect to the bottle.
The aligning member also can receive the downward
offensive odor it is desirable to use a deodorant.
It is
shown here as a glass bottle 30 having a neck 3‘1 provided
another object of the invention to make the aligning mem 40 with upper and lower circular rib-s or beads 3'2 and 3‘3‘,
ber of such form that an absorbent pad or ring can be
respectively. The external diameter of rib 32 is some
applied to it for the purpose of receiving drops of a de
what larger than the internal diameter of rib 20` on the
odorizing agent.
_cap 15, and similarly 'the diameter of lower rib 33 is
In the accompanying dra-wing which »sets forth a con
45 slightly larger than that of rib 2‘1. The bottle 30 will
venient embodiment of the invention,
have a sutliciently large base to rest in stable position
FIG. l shows the several par-ts of the invention in
section and exploded to vsuggest the order of assembly,
under the patient’s bed.
When the appliance is t-o be attached to the bottle the
parts will be assembled as described and as shown in FIG.
50 3 and the nurse will then lgrasp the drainage tube just
FIG. 3 is an enlarged vertical section on line
above the aligning member 7 and with the thumb and
FIG. 2,
foreñnger push down on the member to effect a slight
FIG. 4 is a horizontal -section on line 4~-4, FIG. 3,
stretching or expansion of the cylindrical shell 19‘ until
and
the ribs on the inside of 4the shell slip t ver their cor
FIGS. 5, 6 and 7 `similar to the lower end of FIG. 2
show three different types of absorbent material for a 55 responding ribs on the neck of the bottle, after which
the member 7 will snap back to normal position with
deodorizing reagent.
ribs 32 and 33, respectively. While two pairs of coact~
Referring more particularly to FIGS. l and 3, the
ing ribs, as 20e-32 and 21--33y have been shown it
catheter 1, which may be of the well known Foley types,
will be suñicien't if only one pair is used, provided the
has a lower end 2 which is elastic and can be readily
stretched over an attaching member 3 and held thereon in 60 pair establishes tight holding relation between the cap
and the bottle.
any approved manner, as by an elastic or other type of
When the use of a deodorant is indicated by the nature
clamping ring 4. Secured to the lower end of member
FIG. 2 is a front elevation of the invention after as
sembly of the .several parts,
of the operation the appliance may be provided with an
absorbent material, such as soft felt, held in position for
65
convenient
moistening with the deodorant. Thus, as
may be made of suitable preferably transparent material,
3 in a manner to set up an operative connection with the
catheter as shown in FIG. l is a drainage tube 5 which
shown in FIG. 5 a ring or washer 35 of felt is cemented
such as polystyrene, having Ia bore 6 t-o receive the ex
to the top surface S of the aligning member. Instead of
udate from the catheter. Below tube 5 is an aligning
cementing, a hole 36 in a ring 37 may lit closely around
member 7 having «a ilat t-op surface 8, a circular ñange 9,
the ‘tubular connector 25 Vand be held in place by the bot
a depending conical body 10, and a vertical bore 11, of
tom of the drainage tube, as shown in FIG. 6. In the
about the same diameter as bore 6, extending vertically 70 latter case the absorbent ring 37 will be put in place be
and axially through body 10. As shown in FIG. 4 the
fore tube 5t is litted to the connector 25. The arcuate
flange 9 has extending therethrough several arcuate slots
Ii
3,084,690
slots 12 permit yapor of the deodorant to descend into the
space 38 between parts 7 and 15 to counteract the odors
as soon as they arise from >the holes 18.
As shown in
FIG. 7 a felt ring 39 surrounds the conical body 10 and
its loosely on top 16 of cap 15 without blocking escape
of air upwardly through holes 18. The absorbent rings
are thus seen `to be held in one way or another to the
aligning member 7.
Two plastic materials have been mentioned, but the
¿l
bore communicating with the bore of said connector, and
the upper end of the drainage tube having an operative
connection with the catheter by which the exudate from
the latter can pass into ‘the bore of the drainage tube.
2. The surgical drainage appliance set forth in claim- 1
wherein the seat is of downwardly tapering conical form
and the member has a conical part fitting into` said seat
and held therein by said connector.
3. The surgical drainage appliance set forth in claim l
parts 5, 7, 15 and 25 are not necessarily made of these 10 wherein ‘the connector and drainage tube are made of
plastics as set forth hereinbefore. All of these parts can
polystyrene.
be made of one or the other of these plastics mentioned,
4. The surgical drainage appliance set forth in claim 3
or they can be made of any suitable material as, for in
wherein the aligning member is made of polystyrene.
stance, a polyamide such as nylon, or a suitable vinyl
5. The surgical drainage appliance set forth in claim 1
plastic. The cap should be made of a somewhat elastic
wherein the cap is slightly elastic to permit the shell to
material and the tube 5 should be flexible, but the other
expand to enable the rib on the shell to slip down around
two parts 7 and 2.5 can be, and preferably are, made of
`and under the rib on said neck in response `to` downward
stiñîer material. The materials should be inactive chemi
force exerted on said member.
cally, at least ‘they should not be able to contaminate the
6. The surgical drainage appliance set forth in claim l
exudate from the patient because it very likely will be 20 wherein the cap is made of polyethylene and the member,
subjected to laboratory tests.
connector, and drainage tube are made of polystyrene.
My copending application Ser. No. 717,254, tiled Feb
ruary 24, 1958, and now abandoned, shows surgical drain
7. In a surgical drainage appliance to connect a drain
age tube and a receptacle‘having a neck, a slightly elastic
age appliance to some extent similar to the appliance de
cap to tit over and be held to said neck, an aligning mem
scribed hereinbefore. In that application the part look
ber made of rigid material seated on the cap and having
ing somewhat like the aligning member herein is made of
a vertical bore therethrough, a tubular connector fric
an absorbent material, as felt, and does not have the rigid
tionally held in said bore and having a shoulder on the
ity to hold the parts together firmly as does the member
lower end thereof to limit upward movement of the con
7 herein. Also, -ín that application the part corresponding
nector relative to the cap and extending above the mem
to connector 25 herein is secured to the drainage tube and 30 ber for attachment to the drainage tube, and a body of
must be forced down through the conical seat, whereas
absorbent holding material held -in position with respect
the part `25 in the present instance is separately formed
to said aligning member.
and is inserted upwardly as already described `to have
8. The surgical drainage appliance set forth in claim 7
close fitting relation with parts 5 and 7, and the stop
wherein the absorbent material is secured to the top of
shoulder 28, together with the fit mentioned, organizes
said member.
the several parts in a tight, strong unit. The bottle when
9. The surgical drainage appliance set forth in claim 7
containing 1000 cc. of fluid drippings from the patient
wherein said absorbent material has a part thereof held
can be safely lifted by means of the drainage tube 5 with
between said member and said drainage tube.
out danger of the unit coming apart.
10. The surgical drainage appliance set forth in claim 7
From the foregoing it will be seen that the invention 40 wherein the member has a part thereof spaced above the
top of the cap and the absorbent material is confined be
and the receptacle including a slightly elastic and ex
tween said part and said top of the cap.
pandable cap to ñt over the ribs on the neck of the re
11. For use with a surgical drainage appliance inelud
ceptacle and a rigid member 15 by which downward force
ing a drainage tube and a receptacle having a neck, a
can be exerted to cause the cap to snap in place. The
unit including a sli-ghtly elastic cap to fit over and be held.
drainage tube and connector are held together friction
to the neck, and an aligning member made of rigid mate
ally due to a close fit, and the shoulder limits upward
rial seated on the cap and having a vertical bore there
motion of the connector and member, fitted closely to it,
through, and a tubular connector frictionally held in said
with respect t-o the cap. The parts 7, 1S, and 25 may be
bore and having a shoulder on the lower end >thereof en
considered collectively to be a unit 40 for attachment to 50 gaging the cap to limit upward movement of the con
the bottle and to the drainage tube.
nector relative to the cap and extending above the mem
What I claim is:
ber for attachment to the drainage tube, said elastic cap
1. In a surgical drainage appliance, a catheter, a re
having a conical part and the member having a conical
ceptacle having a neck, an external rib encircling the
part which extends into and tits the conical part of the
provides a strong -durable connection between the catheter
neck, a cap having a shell fitted over the neck and formed »
with an internal rib under the rib on said neck, a top for
the cap integral therewith and formed with permanently
open vent holes and having a downwardly extending seat,
a rigid aligning member fitting into said seat and having
a vertical bore therethrough, a connector extending 60
through and frictionally held in said bore having a shoul
der on the lower end thereof engaging the part of the cap
in which said `seat is formed to prevent upward movement
of the connector relative to the cap, said connector hav
ing a bore therethrough communicating with the interior
of the receptacle and extending above said aligning mem
ber, and a drainage tube the lower end of which fits
around and is frictionally held to the part of the con
nector above the member, said drainage tube having a
cap.
References Cited in the tile of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
877,309
Emerson _____________ __ Jan. 21, 1908
1,304,126
2,186,987
2,208,667
2,345,044.
2,555,086
2,667,873
2,757,669
2,763,266
Venable _____________ __ May
Nesset _______________ __ Jan.
Devine ______________ __ July
Hall ________________ __ Mar.
20,
16,
23,
28,
Guinn _______________ _.. May 29,
Hein _________________ __ Feb. 2,
Gewecke et al __________ __ Aug. 7,
Evans _______________ __ Sept. 18,
1919
1940
1940
1944
1951
1954
1956
1956
2,790,582
Halpern _____________ __ Apr. 30, 1957
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