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Патент USA US3084849

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_ April 9, '1963
B. J, 'ARONS'ON
3,084,839
METHOD AND MECHANISM FOR CAPE CUTTING AND FEEDING
Filed Nov. 3, 1959
4 Sheets-Sheet 1
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April 9, 1963
B. J. ARONSON ‘
3,084,839
METHOD AND MECHANISM FOR CAPE CUTTING AND FEEDING
Filed Nov. 3, 1959
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
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April 9, 1963
B. J. ARONSON
3,084,839
METHOD AND MECHANISM FOR CAPE CUTTING AND FEEDING
Filed Nov. 3, 1959
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April 9, 1963
B. J. ARONSON
3,084,839
METHOD AND MECHANISM FOR CAPE CUTTING AND FEEDING
Filed Nov. 3, 1959
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United States Patent O?ice
3,'®84,839
Patented Apr. 9, 1953
3
2
3,084,839
hour in order to feed simultaneously to a hanger cover
ing machine operating at a similar rate.
Still another and more detailed object of the inven
METHGD AND MECHANISM FGR CAPE
CUTTENG AND FEEDING
Ben J. Aronson, deceased, Hate of Skolrie, IlL, by Ann
Aronson, administratrix, Slrokie, llt, assignor of 4.75
percent to Howard Aronson and 4.75 percent to Gary
Aronson
Filed Nov. 3, 1959, Ser. No. 850,560
16 €lain1s. (Cl. 225-2)
The present invention relates to a cape cutting and
feeding mechanism, particularly of the character adapt
able for cutting paper capes for use in covering wire
tion is to provide a cape cutting and feeding mechanism,
the small ‘amount of waste paper of which is readily
susceptible of diversion at a point in its movement of
travel which does not interfere with the associated hanger
covering machine, and which permits the removal of
waste in such a manner that the probability of waste
10 clogging the operative portion of the feeding mechanism
is reduced to a minimum.
Further objects and advantages of the present inven
tion will become apparent as the following description
garment hangers. More particularly, the invention ?nds
proceeds, taken in conjunction with the accompanying
useful application in that type of apparatus for covering 15 illustrative drawings in which:
wire garment hangers of the character disclosed in United
FIG. 1 is a front elevation of an apparatus for cover
States Patent No. 2,896,383, issued July 28, 1959, on the
ing wire garment hangers of the character with which the
application of the present inventor.
present cape cutting and feeding mechanism is employed,
‘In the operation of automatic caping machines, the
the cape cutting and feeding mechanism being shown
20
cutting of the paper with an irreducible minimum of
somewhat diagrammatically in the right hand portion
waste is a goal to be achieved. Because standard hangers
thereof.
all conform to a generally similar dimensional con?gu
FIG. 2. is a perspective elevation of the cape cutting
ration in which the shoulder rods of the hangers inter
and feeding mechanism showing the roll and diagram~
cept the axis of the tie rod or lower rod of the hanger
matically showing the web as it passes through the vari
at approximately 30°, the capes are advantageously cut 25 ous stations to and including its cutting and transfer
in the shape of a diamond. ‘In connection with the use
toward the ‘feeding and transfer device.
of automatic machinery, a recessed portion of the dia—
FIG. 3 is a top view, partially diagrammatic, of the
mend-shaped cape blank ?ts around the hook portion
paper roll and web as illustrated in FIG. 2. showing the
of the hanger. When paper is fed in the form of a con
structure which completes the cutting of the web.
tinuous web from a roll of paper, by cutting a single 30
FIG. 4 is a perspective partially exploded View of a
diagonal line with a recessed cut, and then trimming the
cape of the character contemplated by the present in
ends of the precu-t member, the Waste can be cut to less
vention showing its relationship with the wire garment
than ?ve percent of the total amount of paper fed into
hanger.
the cutting assembly. In the event such a single line out
FIG. 5 is a partially diagrammatic, partially sectioned,
is made, however, in order to feed the cape into an assem~
front elevation of the printing press portion of the feed
bly machine of the character disclosed in United States
ing mechanism taken generally along section line 5—5
Patent No. 2,896,383, the path of travel of the precut
of FIG. 3.
cape blank must be altered to angle of some 60°. It
FIG. 6 is a partially diagrammatic perspective view
is with the development of the precut con?guration of
of the cutting roller and the associated feed and power
the instant cape blank, the transferring thereof from one
rollers which power the web from the storage roller to
axis of travel to an axis of travel intended for aline
the printing press and to the cutting mechanism.
ment with the covering machine, and the completion of
FIG. 7 is a perspective partially diagrammatic view
cut as well as transfer to the covering machine in pre—
illustrating the separating cam assembly and the power
cise timed and registered relationship with the Work sta 45 rolls which transfer the cape from the cutting rollers
tions on the covering machine that the present invention
to the separating rollers.
relates.
FIG. 8 is a perspective partially diagrammatic view
Accordingly, it is one of the primary objects of the
of the transfer elbow portion of the cape cutting and
present invention to provide a cape cutting and feeding
feeding mechanism illustrating the transfer drum and
mechanism which‘ feeds from a continuous web of paper 50 slitting elements.
with an irreductible minimum of waste.
Another object of the present invention is to furnish
a cape cutting and feeding mechanism which is simple
in operation, and unusually durable and resistant to
breakdowns and maintenance requirements.
Yet another object of the present invention is to pro
vide a cape cutting and feeding mechanism which is
readily susceptible of combined and correlated operation
with a single or two color printing press in order that the
FIG. 9 is a top view of the transfer elbow corner. of
the feeding mechanism illustrating the transfer rollers
and transfer drum which are shown diagrammatically
in FIG. 8.
FIG. 10 is a front elevation, partially diagrammatic,
showing the path of the web as it passes from the
printing press portion of the feeding mechanism through
the cutting roller and separating cams.
FIG. 11 is a partially broken, partially diagrammatic
capes may be printed with the name, insignia, and ad 60
front elevation of the transfer drum and stripper belt
illustrating the ?nal stage of the transfer of the cut
cape to the hanger covering mechanism.
nism of the present invention is to so orient the web of
While it will be appreciated that other usages of the
paper and its various operations that its inspection and
constant supervision can be conducted by a single op 65 subject Cape Cutting and Feeding Mechanism will op
erate satisfactorily and with excellent results, it is one
erator, and complex electrical and similar warning de
_ of the principal commercial functions of the subject Cape
vices are rendered unnecessary by virtue of its open
design.
Cutting and Feeding Mechanism to serve to deliver
Still another object of the present invention is to pro
a completely cut, and printed if desired, garment hanger
vide a cape cutting and feeding mechanism which is 70 cape to a covering machine of the character disclosed
vertising slogans of the intended purchaser.
A further object of the cape cutting and feeding mecha
susceptible of high-speed operation in the order of four
thousand to six thousand printed and precut capes per
and described in Aronson patent application No. 2,896,
383, issued July 28, 1959. By referring to FIG. 1, the
3,084,839
3
general environment in which the subject invention is em
ployed will be better appreciated. Then it will be seen
that the hanger covering machine rill‘ contemplates a
large rotary frame 11 having a plurality of peripheral
work stations 12 and several spire-like supports 11% which
terminate centrally at a hub 15. Each of the work sta
tions 12 has a flat or stationary platen '16 and a movable
or rotating platen 18. The movable platen 18 is acti
d
web 42 extends downwardly into the lower printing as
sembly idlers 61 and 62. Thereafter the web leaves the
printing station 52.
The web enters the cutting station 65 in an upward path
from the printing station 52 and comes over the cutting
station initial idler 64 (see FIG. 6). Thereafter the web
42 is reeved around a pair of counter-rotating drive rollers,
the upper cutting station drive roller ~66 being advan
tageously formed of rubber or an equivalent frictional ma
vated by means of the gear mechanism 19 which in turn
is powered by means of a cam-follower arm 20, which 10 terial, and the lower cutting station drive roller 63 be
ing formed of smooth steel. Both the rubber and steel
takes its main drive ‘from the stationary control cam 21.
drive rollers, 66, 68 are driven by a power means 69 in
The hangers are fed to the hanger covering machine
timed relation to the main drive of the hanger covering
‘10 by means of the hanger delivery assembly 22 which
machine 10. After the web passes over the drive rollers
delivers the garment hangers 25 along a spiral delivery
shaft 24 to an inverter (not shown) which ?nally brings 15 66, 68 it passes beneath the pre-cutter idling roller 71
and then proceeds to the interacting area between the
the hangers out into position to be transferred onto the
cutting roller 70 and its mating cutting base roller 72.
work stations ‘12 where the garment hangers 25 are
The cutting roller 70 has an upwardly extending cutting
eld by means of magnets and other structures thereon
edge 74 which is formed in the shape of a helix through
shown in greater detail in the above mentioned United
20 out the bulk of its length with the exception of the hook
States Patent No. 2,896,383.
cutout portion 75. The helical portion of the cutting edge
The cape blanks 30 are delivered to the work stations 12
74
is coordinated and drivingly engages the web 42 so as
‘at the right hand side of the structure shown in FIG. 1
to cut the cape straight edge 76 and the hook recess 78
by means of the transfer drum 26 and stripper belt 2?}; a
thereby mashing the cut edge 76 and pattern for the hook
vacuum supplied to each of the work stations 12 by means
of the vacuum lines 29 overcomes the vacuum of the 25 recess 78 so that when the cape blank 39 is pulled away
transfer drum 26, which is shut off in timed relation to
the juxtaposition of the cape blanks 30 adjacent the work
stations 12.
After the cape blanks 34) have been suitably positioned
upon the work stations 12‘, against the stationary and
movable platens T6, 18, the cape blank 30 passes by the
gluing station 31 where glue is sprayed from the nozzles
from ‘the web, a configuration such as that shown in FIG.
6 develops where the hook recess waste tab 79 extends
from one corner of the pre-formed cape blank 39‘ and
a corner waste tab 81 extends from the opposite corner.
The successive relationship between the pre~cut cape
blanks 3%} is best illustrated in FIG. 9. It will be appreciat
ed, that after the mashing of the parting line has been com
pleted by the action of the cutting edge 74 engaging the
steel smooth hardened cutting base roller 72, an action in
of the subsequent folding of the cape blank, permits the
complete caping of the garment hanger 25 in the course 35 the nature of a pulling of the fartherest pre-cut or pre
formed blank from the web must take place.
of approximately one~half a revolution of the rotary frame
Referring now to FIG. 7 it will be seen that the web
11, whereupon the hangers are picked up by the hanger
after passing through the cutting roller 70 then passes
stripper arm 34 and delivered to the hanger discharge as
into a holding drive roll assembly 80‘. The holding drive
sembly 35. A helically cut rotating collector rod 36
carries and stacks the caped hangers on the hanger dis 40 roll assembly 80 contemplates two adjacent pairs of
knurled rollers, the knurling being advantageously formed
charge assembly 35 until the operator grabs the caped
on the face of hardened steel. The bottom of the knurled
hangers, weighs them for count, and packs and bundles
rollers, 84, 36, are driven in timed relation to the re
them for shipment to the customer. The hanger caping
32 onto the cape blanks 3th in a pattern which, because
mainder of the drive for feeding the web. It will be ap
machine has a drive motor (not shown) and a vacuum
preciated
that the upper rollers, being permitted to ?oat
pump 38 which supplies the vacuum to the work stations 45
12, and which may be also employed to supply the
vacuum elsewhere in the construction including the trans
fer drurn 2s and waste collecting elements.
and thereby assert their gravity weight on the web and
driven lower rollers 84, 86, will assert a sufficient braking
action on the web 42, so that a rapid acceleration imparted
to that portion of the web extending sequentially down
.The initial stage of the cape cutting and feeding mech
anism 40 is illustrated in FIGS. ‘2 and 3. There it will 50 stream from the holding drive roll assembly 80 will part
be seen that a roll of cape paper 38, is secured between a -
pair of support plates 39 and journaled to the support
the cape blank 30 from the remainder of the web as il
lustrated in FIGS. 9 and 10.
The cape blank parting station 88 contemplates upper
plates by means of bearing support 41 so that a web 42
cammed rollers 39 having extending cams 9%}, the cams
may be continuously drawn off of the cape paper roll 38.
A friction brake 4-4 which advantageously is formed from 55 or cam lobes % engaging cam rollers 91 located im
mediately therebeneath, and formed of a smooth or
a band anchored at brake anchor 45 and tensioned at its
knurled hardened steel or like material. The cam rollers
other end by means of brake tensioning means 46 so that
89 of the cape parting station 88 are driven in such a
a variable friction can be applied against the brake drum
manner so that the face of the cam lobe 99 against the
48.
The web 42 is fed downwardly over an idler roller 60 cam roller 91 operates at a peripheral speed slightly in
excess of that of the web 42 after it passes through the
49 and then leaves the cape paper roll support into an
holding
drive roll assembly 80 so that a parting action
intermediate idler assembly 59 and it is therein reeved
takes place such as illustrated in FIG. 9 where successive
about a pair of idlers 51. ‘The intermediate idlers serve
cape blanks 3%} are formed at the cape parting‘station
to smooth out uneven effort and inconsistencies in motion
88. It will be noted that an aluminum support plate 92 is
of the cape paper roll 38 in its support and to a degree
cooperate with the idler 49 in this regard. Thereafter the
web enters the printing station 52 where it moves over
the ?rst printing roller 54- and then extends upwardly
over the top pair of printing rollers 55 and 56. The
printing is accomplished by placing a water-soluble ink in
the ink pan ‘58 into which the ink roller 59 extends and
rotates constantly. The ink .roller is of the conventional
character having a metal surface which picks up ink and
positioned beneath the travel of the web after leaving the
holding drive roll assembly 80, the purpose being to sup
port the paper during changes in speed of movement and
generally to guide the same through the cutting station.
While aluminum has been employed successfully, any
supporting material which does not assist in the develop
ment of a static charge will prove satisfactory for this
purpose.
The cape blank 30 after passing through the cape blank
transfers it to a driven rubber printing roller 69 in the
manner of the offset printing process. Thereafter the 75 parting station 88, is then ready to have the hook recess
5
‘3,084,839
Waste tab 79 and corner waste tab 81 removed, and fur
ther to have its direction changed in order that the long
axis of the cape blank 30/ be alined to abut the hanger 25
as it enters the hanger caping machine 10. This two
fold action is accomplished by cape blank slitting and
diverting stations 92. A pair of cam rollers 94 similar in
design to cam rollers 89 which are employed in the cape
parting station 88 are provided at the cape blank slitting
and diverting station and cooperate with smooth hard
ened rollers 95 which are placed therebeneath. The 10
6
What is claimed is:
1. The method of cutting a blank having a generally
diamond shape with long and short diagonals, a hook re
cess at one end of the short diagonal, and truncated ends
terminating the long diagonal, comprising the steps of
feeding a continuous web of cape material, diagonally
cutting said web with a straight edge diagonal cut having a
hanger hook recess at the end thereof, separating the in
dividual cape blanks from the web by advancing each
cape blank at a speed greater than the web, changing
the direction of travel of the cape blank from that of the
transfer cam lobes 96 engaging the hardened cam rollers
95 therebeneath in timed relation to the delivery of a
web to a direction coaxial with that of the short diagonal,
cape blank 30 from the cape parting station 88 so that,
and removing the two ends of the long diagonal while the
as illustrated in FIG. 9 the direction of travel of the cape
completed blank is advanced along its short diagonal
blank 30 is diverted toward the transfer drum 26. 15 axis.
Mounted coaxially with the cams of the cape blank slit
2. The method of cutting a wire garment hanger cape
ting and diverting station 92 are the slitting rollers 98
which are upper and lower mating pairs of slitting rollers
having meshing sharpened edges in order that the hook
blank having a generally diamond shape with long and
short diagonals, a hook recess at one end of the short
diagonal, and truncated ends on the long diagonal, com
recess waste tab 79‘ and corner waste tab 81 may be cut 20 prising the steps of feeding a continuous web of cape
therefrom prior to moving on to the transfer drum 216
for transferral to the caping machine it]. Waste paper
diverting chutes 99 are provided in ?anking relation
ship With the'cutting rollers 93 so that the hook recess
material, diagonally mashingly weakening said web with
a straight edge diagonal having a hanger hook recess at
the end thereof, separating the individual cape blanks
from the web by advancing each cape blank at a speed
waste tab 7% and corner waste tabs 81 will be carried 25 greater than the web whereby the cape is separated from
away to a convenient waste container prior to the cape
blank 30 extending forwardly for its ?nal transfer by
means of the transfer drum 26.
the web along the weakened line, changing the direction
of travel of the cape blank from that of the web to a di
rection coaxial with that of the short diagonal, and slitting
the two ends of the long diagonal while the completed
11. There it will be seen that the transfer drum 26 is 30 blank is advanced along its short diagonal axis and ready
for folding and ?xing to a wire garment hanger.
positioned for a tangential relationship to the cape blank
30 after it leaves the cape blank slitting and diverting
3. The method of producing a wire garment hanger
station 92. A plurality of transfer drum idler rollers 101
cape blank having a generally diamond shape with long
The transfer assembly 100 is best illustrated in FIG.
are secured to a single transfer drum idler roller shaft
and short diagonals, a hook recess at one end of the
102 which in turn is secured to arms Hi4 swivelably 35 short diagonal, and truncated ends of the long diagonal,
mounted at their ends 165 to a support block 1636.
comprising the steps of feeding a continuous web of cape
The transfer drum 26 is provided with an internal
material through a printer, feeding to a cutter, diagonally
piping system 108 to supply a vacuum in timed relation
deforming said web with a straight edge deformed di
to the rotation of the transfer drum 26 to the transfer
agonal having a hanger hook recess at the end thereof,
drum vacuum ports 109, 110. The forwardly oriented 40 separating the individual cape blanks from the web by
and centrally positioned vacuum port 109 grasps the for
advancing each cape blank at a speed greater than the
ward portion of the cape as it passes through the idlers
web whereby the cape parts along the deformed diagonal,
101 and comes on to the transfer drum 26, the ?anking
changing the direction of travel of the cape blank from
ports 110 serving to grasp the ends of the pre-cut blank
that of the web to a direction coaxial with that of the
30 adjacent the cutoff lines where the Waste portions 45 short diagonal, and removing the two ends of the long
have been removed.
As the transfer drum 26 continues to rotate, the vac
uum is released by a vacuum release assembly 111, and
diagonal while the completed blank is advanced along its
short diagonal and ready for folding and ?xing to a wire
garment hanger.
thereafter the stripper belt 28 peels the blank 30 away
4. The method of cutting a blank having a generally
from the face of the transfer drum 26 and positions it 50 diamond shape with long and short diagonals, a hook
in timed relation to the passage of the adjacent work sta
recess at one end of a short diagonal, and truncated ends
tion 12‘ of the caping machine, whereupon the vacuum
of the long diagonal comprising the steps of feeding a
supplied to the platens 16, 18 of the work station 12 are
continuous web of cape material, diagonally cutting said
sufficient to cause the cape to migrate from its orientation
web with a straight edge diagonal cut having a hanger
adjacent the transfer drum 26 into a registered position 55 hook recess at the end thereof, changing the direction of
travel of the cape blank from that of the web to a
on the work station 12 for subsequent gluing and en
direction coaxial with that of the short diagonal, and
gagement with the hanger 25.
cutting the two ends of the long diagonal while the com
7 It will be apprecated that a wide variety of timing
pleted blank is advanced along its short diagonal axis.
mechanisms may be employed in connection with the
5. Mechanism for cutting a garment hanger cape from
subject cape cutting and feeding mechanism in order to
a continuous web of material, said cape having a gen
insure that all of the stations operate in timed and syn
chronous relationship with the basic hanger covering
erally diamond con?guration with long and short diag
ognals and with a hook recess at one end of a short di
machine inasmuch as it is the ultimate function of the
agonal and truncated ends on the long diagonal com
cape cutting and feeding mechanism 40 to deliver a cape
65 prising, cutting means for cutting spaced diagonals along
blank 30 exactly in register on the work station 12. In
the web with the hook recess at one end of each spaced
a successful commercial embodiment, timing is accom
diagonal, means diverting the travel of each cape after
plished by means of solid drive shafts and gear drives,
cutting to a second path of travel coaxial with the short
or alternatively by means of chain drives.
diagonal, and slitting means in spaced relation to the sec
It is to be understood that the above described arrange 70 ond path of travel to cut off the ends of the long di
ments and techniques are but illustrative of the applica
agonal.
tion of the principle of the invention. Numerous other
6. Mechanism for cutting a garment hanger cape from
arrangements and procedures can be devised by those
a continuous web of material, said cape having a gen
skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and
erally diamond con?guration with long and short diag
scope of the invention.
75 onais and with a hook recess at one end of a short di
3,084,839
7
agonal and truncated ends on the long-diagonal compris~
ing, cutting means for cutting spaced diagonals along the
web with the hook recess at one end of each spaced di
agonal, means diverting the travel of each cape after cut
11. A
verting a
having a
diagonal,
cape cutting and feeding mechanism for con
roll paper web to a garment hanger cape blank
generally diamond shape with a short and long
comprising, in combinaion, ta paper roll sup
port, a continuous feed printer through which the paper
web is drawn, a cutting mechanism at a ?rst station,
said cutting mechanism having a roller with a single
diagonal.
diagonal edge knife, a knife abutting roll in contact with
7. Mechanism for cutting a garment hanger cape from
the knife, means drivingly passing the Web through the
a continuous web of material, said cape having a gen— 10 cutting mechanism, a parting mechanism at another sta
erally diamond con?guration with long and short diago
tion, means accelerating the speed of the web to part
the same into ?rst stage cape blanks by advancing that
nals and with a hook recess at one end of a short diago
nal and truncated ends on the long diagonal comprising,
portion of the web which has been worked by the knife,
ting to a transfer path of travel coaxial with the short
diagonal, and slitting means in spaced ?anking relation to
the transfer path of travel to cut off the ends of the long
‘direction switching means to realign the cape for move
cutting means for cutting spaced diagonals along the web
with the hook recess at one end of each spaced diagonal, 15 ment along its short diagonal, means ?anking the direc
means for separating the cut portion by accelerating its
forward motion, means diverting the travel of each cape
tion switching means for cutting the ends off the ?rst
stage cape blank, a transfer drum, and means for de
livering the cape to a hanger covering machine.
after cutting to a transfer path of travel coaxial with the
12. For use with a garment hanger caping machine
short diagonal, and slitting means in spaced relation to
the transfer path of travel to cut off the ends of the long 20 having a plurality of work stations oriented peripherally
on a rotating spider each such work station having vacu
diagonal.
um holding means thereon to hold a cape blank there
8. Mechanism for producing a garment hanger cape
from a continuous web of material, said cape having a
upon; a cape cutter and feeder for converting a roll of
generally diamond con?guration with long and short di
paper into preformed cape blanks, said cape blanks hav
agonals and with a hook reecss at one end of a short 25 ing a generally diamond con?guration with a long and
diagonal and truncated ends on the long diagonal com
short diagonal, a hook recess at one end of a short di
prising, cutting means for cutting spaced diagonals along
agonal, and truncated ends in the long diagonal, com
prising, in combination, support means for a paper roll
permitting a web of paper to be withdrawn therefrom,
after cutting to a transfer path of travel coaxial with the 30 roller drive means for pulling the web from the roller
and advancing the same, a cutting roll, cutting means
short diagonal, and slitting means in spaced relation to
extending from said cutting roll, a cutting edge work
the transfer path of travel to cut off the ends of the long
ing roll engaged by said cutting means as the web passes
diagonal, a transfer drum to which the cape blank is
conformed after cutting, and stripper means for stripping
therebetween, drive rolls engaging said web after pass
the iape from the drum in timed relation to the prox 35 ing through the cutting roll and advancing the web, sepa
rating means having a timed engagement with the web
imity of an associated garment hanger cape folding and
and at a speed greater than that of the web to part the
securing apparatus.
advance portion of the web along the line formed by
9. A cape cutting and feeding mechanism for con
the cutting means thereby separating a partially cut cape
venting a web to a garment hanger cape blank having a
generally diamond shape with a short and long diago~ 40 blank and advancing the same, diverting rolls rotating
in timed relation with the separating rolls and oriented
nal, comprising, in combination, a roll support for de
to divert the cape blank direction of travel into aline
livering a web, a continuous feed printer through which
ment along an axis coaxial with the cape blank short
the paper web is drawn, a cutting mechanism at a ?rst
daigonal, slitting rolls in spaced relation with the divert
station, said cutting mechanism having a roll-er with a
single diagonal edge knife helically oriented thereon, a 45 ing rolls to slit the ends of the cape blank thereby trim
ming to size while the cape is advanced by the diverting
knife abutting roll in contact with the knife, means driv
the web with the hook recess at one end of each spaced
diagonal, means for diverting the travel of each cape
ingly advancing the web through the cutting mechanism,
rolls, a transfer ‘drum having vacuum ports on its pe
a parting mechanism at a second station, means accel
riphery in spaced correlation with the cape blank con
?guration, idler rolls in rolling contact with said trans
crating the speed of the Web to part the same into ?rst
fer drum and spaced tangentially therealong to receive
stage cape ‘blanks by advancing that portion of the web
the cape blank from the transfer rolls and hold the same
which has been worked by the knife, direction switch
along the drum face until the vacuum ports are activated
ing means to realign the cape for movement along its
and assist in holding the cape on the drum, a stripper
short diagonal, a slitting mechanism at another station,
belt around the transfer drum and reeved through an
means on the slitting mechanism for cutting the ends off
the ?rst stage cape blank, and transfer means for deliver 55 idler positioned to form a stretch of belting approxi
mating a mean eifective tangential relationship with the
ing the cape to a hanger covering machine.
adjacent work station, and transfer drum vacuum re
10. A cape cutting and feeding mechanism for con—
lease means activated in timed relation to the delivery
verting a rolled paper web to a garment hanger cape
of the cape to the transfer drum and the passing Work
blank having a generally diamond shape with a short
and long diagonal, a hook recess at one end of the short 60 stations so that the stripper belt removes the precut
cape ‘from the transfer drum as the transfer drum vacu
um is released whereupon the action of the vacuum
holding means on the work station attractively in?uences
the cape to migrate to the work station in timed relation
diagonal, and truncated ends of the long diagonal com
prising, in combination, a paper roll support, a continu
ous feed printer through which the paper web is drawn,
a cutting mechanism wat a station, said cutting station
having a roller with a single helically wound edge knife,
to the passing of the Work station by the transfer drum
having a hook recess curve at one end thereof, a knife
and oriented to register on the work station.
13. For use with a garment hanger caping machine
abutting roll in contact with the knife, means- drivingly
having a plurality of work stations oriented peripherally
passing the web through the cutting mechanism, a part
on a rotating wheel each such work station having vacuum
ing mechanism at another station, means accelerating
the speed of the web to part the same into ?rst stage 70 holding means thereon to hold a cape blank thereupon;
a cape cutter and feeder for converting a roll of paper into
cape blanks by advancing that portion of the web which
preformed cape blanks, said cape blanks having a gener
has been worked by the knife, direction switching means
ally diamond con?guration with a long and short diag
to realign the cape for movement along its short diago
onal, a hook recess at one end of a short diagonal, and
nal, and means adjacent the direction switclung means for
cu-tting'the ends off the ?rst stage cape blank.
75 truncated ends in the long diagonal, comprising, in com
9
bination, support means for a paper roll permitting a web
10
of belting approximating a mean effective tangential rela
of paper to be withdrawn therefrom, a cutting roll, cut
tionship with the adjacent work station, and transfer drum
ting means extending from said cutting roll, a cutting edge
working roll engaged by said cutting means as the Web
vacuum release means activated in timed relation to the
passes therebetween, separating means having a timed
engagement with the web and at a speed greater than that
of the web to part the advance portion of the web at the
work stations so that the stripper ‘belt removes the precut
cape from the transfer drum as the transfer drum vacuum
rolls and oriented to divert the cape blank direction of
travel into alinement along an axis coaxial with the cape
oriented to register on the work station.
15. For use with a garment hanger caping machine
blank short diagonal, slitting rolls in spaced relation with
having a plurality of work stations oriented peripherally
the diverting rolls to slit the ends of the cape \blank there
on a rotating wheel each such Work station having vacuum
holding means to hold a cape blank thereupon; a cape
delivery of the cape to the transfer drum and the passing
is released whereupon the action of the vacuum holding
line formed by the cutting means thereby separating a
means on the Work station attractively in?uences the cape
partially cut cape blank and advancing the same, divert
to migrate to the work station in timed relation to the
ing rolls rotating in timed relation with the separating 10 passing of the work station by the transfer drum and
by trimming to size while the cape is advanced by divert
ing rolls, a transfer drum having vacuum ports on its pe
riphery in spaced correlation with the cape blank con
cutter and feeder for converting a web into preformed
cape blanks, said cape ‘blanks having a generally diamond
con?guration with a long and short diagonal, a hook re
cess at one end of a short diagonal, and truncated ends in
?guration, idler rolls in rolling contact with said transfer
drum and spaced threading to receive the cape blank from
the transfer rolls and hold the same along the drum face 20 the long diagonal; comprising, in combination, support
until the vacuum ports are activated and assist in holding
the cape on the drum, a stripper belt around the transfer
drum and reeved through an idler positioned to form a
stretch of belting approximating a mean effective tangen
means for a rolled web permitting a web of material to
be Withdrawn therefrom, cutting means for diagonally
scoring the web with a straight edge terminating in a hook
recess, parting means engaging said web after passing
tial relationship with the adjacent work station, and trans N) Or through the cutting means and advancing the web, divert
fer drum vacuum release means activated in timed rela
ing means Working in timed relation with the parting
tion to the delivery of the cape to the transfer drum and
means and oriented to divert the cape blank direction of
the passing work stations so that the stripper belt removes
travel into alinement along an axis coaxial With the cape
the precut cape from the transfer drum as the transfer
blank short diagonal, slitting means in spaced relation with
drum vacuum is released whereupon the action of the 30 the diverting means to slit the ends of the cape blank there
vacuum holding means on the Work station attractively
by trimming to size while the cape is advanced by the di~
influences the cape to migrate to the Work station in
verting means, a transfer drum having vacuum ports on its
timed relation to the passing of the work station by the
periphery in spaced correlation With the cape blank con
transfer drum and oriented to register on the work sta
?guration, stripper guide means tangential to the trans
tion.
35 fer drum to form a guide approximating a mean effective
14. For use with a garment hanger leaping machine
tangential relationship with the adjacent work station,
having a plurality of Work stations oriented peripherally
and transfer drum vacuum release means activated in
on a rotating wheel each such Work station having vacuum
timed relation to the delivery of the cape to the transfer
holding means to hold a cape blank thereupon; a cape
drum and the passing work stations so that the stripper
cutter and feeder for converting a roll of paper into pre 40 guide means removes the precut cape from the transfer
formed cape blanks, said cape blanks having a generally
drum as the transfer drum vacuum is released whereupon
diamond con?guration with a long and short diagonal, a
the action ofthe vacuum holding means on the work sta
hook recess at one end of a short diagonal, and truncated
tion attractively influences the cape to migrate to the
ends in the long diagonal; comprising, in combination,
work station in timed relation to the passing of the Work
support means for a paper roll permitting a Web of paper 45 station by the transfer drum and oriented to register on
the Work station.
to be withdrawn therefrom, roller drive means for pulling
the web from the roller and advancing the same, a cut
16. A cape cutter and feeder in accordance with claim
ting roll having cutting means extending therefrom, a cut
15 wherein said cutting means ‘further comprises a roller
ting edge working roll engaged by said cutting means as
with a helically Wound edge knife having a hooked recess
the web passes therebetween, separating means having a 50 curve at one end thereof, and a knife abutting roll in
timed engagement with the web and at a speed greater
contact with the knife during rotation thereof.
than that of the web to part the advance portion of the
Web at the line de?ned ‘by the cutting means thereby sep
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
arating a partially cut cape blank and advancing the same,
UNITED STATES PATENTS
diverting means acting in timed relation with the separat 55
1,962,630
Willshaw et al. _______ __ June 12, 1934
ing rolls and oriented to divert the cape blank direction
2,639,772
Sandberg et al. _______ __ May 26, 1953
of travel into alinement along an axis coaxial with the
cape blank short diagonal, slitting rolls in spaced relation
with the diverting means to slit the ends of the cape blank
thereby trimming to size while the cape is advanced by 60
the diverting rolls, a transfer drum having vacuum ports
on its periphery in spaced correlation with the cape blank
con?guration, a stripper belt around the transfer drum
and reeved through an idler positioned to form a stretch
2,655,842
2,682,208
2,693,957
2,717,642
Pealler ______________ __ Sept. 13, 1955
548,151
Great Britain _________ __ Sept. 28, 1942
Baumgartner _________ __ Oct. 20, 1953
Monroe et val __________ __ June 29, 1954
Welsh ______________ _._ Nov. 9, 1954
FOREIGN PATENTS
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