close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US3084944

код для вставки
April 9, 1963
M. l. GLASS ET AL
3,084,934
TOY
Fiied April 12. 1961
INVENTORS.
hired grates‘ Patent
ice
E?déi?dd
Patented Apr. 9, I963
2
assess‘:
TOY
Marvin I. Giass, Qhicago, and Leonid Kripak, Villa Park,
Iii-3 said Kripak assignor to said Glass‘
Filed Apr. 12, B61, Ser. No. 102,447
5 Ciahns. (Cl. 272-27)
This invention relates to a toy or novelty item and
and the device placed in the cocked or set position, i.e.,
section 24 ready to be projected by the actuation of the
operating means 26 and the sound-producing means 28
ready to be operated in timed relation to that projec
tion, by a single, simple resetting operation.
For convenience of description, the watch 20 will be
described in its normal operating position, that is with its
face upwardly, as shown in FIG. 4.
Generally, the body 22 is comprised of a lower base
more particularly to a “surprise action” novelty timepiece.
People of all ages have derived pleasure and enjoy 10 section or case 30 and the ejectable or upper section 24
which is connected to the ‘base section by suitable ejection
ment from novelty items. So long as people have imag
means in the form of a spring 32.
ination and initiative there will be a demand for surprise
As seen best in FIGS. 4 and 5, the case 3% is a gen
action novelties, i.e., items which provide an unexpected
erally circular, upwardly open cup-shaped structure con
effect. One way of producing such an effect is to incor
porate a surprise action into a normally non-suspect item. 15 veniently made from a material such as metal or plastic.
The case 36 includes a generally horizontal bottom wall
Generally, people are conditioned to respond in certain
33 and a generally vertical side wall 35 which extends
patterns or particular ways to the ‘ordinary things in their
upwardly from the outer periphery of the bottom wall.
surroundings, and considerable surprise may be produced
The case 30 further includes a simulated winding knob
by constructing one of these everyday things to produce
20 34, a simulated control button 36 and a pair of opposed
an unexpected effect.
external extensions 38 which simulate the appearance of
Broadly, the object of the present invention is to pro
brackets for supporting a watchhand 49. A generally
vide a highly attractive toy or novelty item. More spe
vertical, cylindrical, main or center support stud or shaft
ci?cally, an object is to provide a novelty timepiece which
45 extends upwardly from about the center of the bottom
incorporates a surprising novelty action. ‘It is a further
object to provide a device which realistically simulates 25 wall 333.
Three circumferentially spaced, support blocks 46 are
the appearance of an ordinary timepiece so as to present
?xed to the inside of the side wall 35 adjacent its upper
no forewarning of its surprise quality. It is a further
edge. Each block 46 has an upper surface which lies in
object to provide a timepiece which may be quickly and
a common, generally horizontal plane positioned some
easily reset in a single operation vfor repeated action. It
is another object to provide a sound effect in timed rela 30 what below the level of the upper edge of the vertical
side wall 35. Each of the blocks 46 has therein a verti
tion to the surprise effect of the timepiece. Finally, an
cal tapped hole 48.
objective is the provision of such a novelty which is simple
A circular cover plate 50, shown in detail in FIG. 6,
and easy to operate, economical to manufacture, yet
is secured in a generally horizontal position extending
durable and lasting.
Further objects and advantages of the invention will 35 over the top of the cup-shaped case 3%. In the illustrated
embodiment, the plate 50 is attached to the case Si) by
become obvious from the following description and ac
three screws 51 which are threaded into the tapped holes
companying drawings.
48 in the support blocks 46. When so attached, the upper
In the drawings:
FIGURE 1 is an elevational View of a novelty wrist 40 surface of the plate 5i} lies in a plane spaced below the
upper edge of the side wall 35. A circular hole or aper
watch which embodies various features of the invention
ture 53 is provided in the center of the plate 50.
and is shown being worn on the wrist of a user (its
The ejectable section 24, shown in detail in FIG. 7
ejected position being shown in dotted lines);
and in cross-section in FIG. 4, includes a generally
FIGURE 2 is a fragmentary enlarged plan view (with
circular plate 512 having a downwardly extending, right
parts broken away) of the watch shown in FIG. 1;
45 angle peripheral ?ange 54. The ejectable section 24 may
FIGURE 3 is a view generally similar to FIG. ,2, being
be constructed of a material similar to that used for the
further enlarged and having various parts broken away
and insection;
case 36}.
When the watch 2% is assembled in the cocked
or set position (FIG. 4), the plate 52 extends generally
FIGURE 4 is a side sectional view taken generally
horizontally with the ?ange 54 extending downwardly
along line 4—~4 of FIG. 3;
50 therefrom. The ?ange 54, assists in positioning the eject~
FIGURE 5 is an elevational view taken generally along
able section 24 with respect to the case 30, and if desired,
line 5—5 of FIG. 4, showing particularly the soundpro
may be constructed to ?t snugly around the wall 35
ducing means of the watch;
of
the case 3%) to aid in holding the ejectable section 24
FIGURE 6 is a perspective view of the cover plate for
the lower section of the watch, along with the pivot arm, 55 in the set position. When so assembled, the marginal
portion of the undersurface of the plate 52 rests upon
its associated spring, and a portion of the ejection spring;
the upper edge of the vertical wall 35, leaving a space 56
FIGURE 7 is a perspective view of the ejectab'le sec
(FIG. 4) between the plate 52 of the ejectahle section 24
tion and a portion of the ejection spring;
and the cover plate 50.
FIGURE 8 is a perspective view of the driver mem
As shown in FIG. 4, an upwardly directed watch face
ber of the sound-producing means; and
60 55 ‘is secured upon the upper surface of the plate .52}. A
FIGURE 9 is a perspective view of the driven member
peripheral rib 57 extends upwardly from the edge of
of the sound-producing means.
plate 52 and is provided with a groove 58 for receiving
Brie?y, the illustrated novelty wrist watch M26‘ corn
‘the
edge of a transparent circular crystal 59_to maintain
prises a body 22 simulating the appearance of ,awrist
the crystal on the watch.
watch. The body 22 includes an ejectable section 2.4 65 The ‘ejectable section 24- also includes a generally
which jumps outwardly at the victim to produce a “sur
circulandownwardly depending sleeve or hub 69 having
prise eiiect,” when a control or operatingrneans 26 is
an axial hole or bore 62 adapted to receive the upper
actuated. The illustrated watch 20 also includes sound
,partlof the stud 45.1501‘ relative rotation therebetween and
producing means 28‘ which is operated to produce .a
axially sliding contact. The lower part of the downwardly
sound effect in timed relation to the projection of sec
extending sleeve “60 has a smaller diameter than that of
tion 24. Further, in the illustrated watch 20, the section
the upper part and includes a tab or lug 87 adjacent the
upper part and a pair of opposed cam edges or faces 61
24 may be returned to its original position on the watch
3,084,934
3
on the extreme lower end for engagement with other parts
as will be described.
A generally conically-shaped, spirally coiled, compres
sion spring constitutes the ejection spring 32 forthe watch
20. The ejection spring 32 has its inner end attached
to the upper or enlarged part of the sleeve 60 of the
ejectable section 24, as by means of being formed to ?t
4
able section 24 is rotated in the clockwise direction,
rotational forces are transmitted by the engaged edges
‘61 and 86 so as to pivot the member 74 and to conse
quently store energy in the spring 76. When the power
spring 76 is retained in its cocked condition by the
engaging means 73, the full power of the cooked spring 76
is transmitted across the engaged faces 61 and 86. The
resultant normal force across these engaged faces creates
suf?cient frictional force to restrain relative movement of
a circumferential groove 68 and a radially extending hole
70 as shown in FIGS. 4 and 7. The outer end of the
spring 32 is ?xed to the case 30 as by means of passing 10 the faces axially of the stud 45, thereby preventing ejec
through one or more slots 72 in the shoulder blocks 46
tion of the section 24 by the spring 32.
(FIGS. 4 and 5), and being bent to prevent withdrawal
through the slots 72.
When the ejectable section '24 is ‘positioned upon the
The releasable engaging means 73 includes the lug 87
of the lower part of the sleeve 60 and an elongated pivot
arm 88 adapted to engage the ing to retain the power
case 30 in the set or loaded position, the spring 32 is 15 ‘spring 76 in cocked condition. As seen best in FIGS.
collapsed from an expanded position (FIG. 7), to a com
3 and 6, the pivot arm 88 is pivotally connected inter
pressed position shown in FIG. 4, wherein the spring 32
mediate its ends to the underside of the cover plate 50
is located in the space 56 between the plate 52 and the
by a rivet 89 and is biased in the clockwise direction by
cover plate 50. The spring 32 tends to project the
a spring 90. The inner end of the arm 88 acts as a
ejectable section 24 upwardly, but this is prevented by 20 ?nger 91, adapted to engage the lug 87 when the device
the operating means 26 which utilizes frictional force to
is cocked or set, while the other end 91a extends out
prevent disconnection of the ejectable section 24 from
wardly of the case through a slot 93 in the side wall 35
the case 30.
providing means in position to be shifted counter-clock
The operating means 26 in the illustrated novelty com- I
prises a rotatably shiftable or pivotable member 74, a
power spring 76 urging the member 74 in one direction
(counter-clockwise in the disclosed construction) and
means 73 releasably engageable to prevent rotation of
the pivotable member 74 under the in?uence of the cooked
wise by theruser for releasing the engagement between
the ?nger 911 and the lug 87. When the ?nger 91 is dis
engaged from the lug 87, the ejectable section 24- is re
leased -for clockwise rotation under the influence of the
energy in the power spring 74, thereby dissipating the re
straining frictional force, and for ejection by the ejecting
power spring 76, thereby retaining the power spring 30 spring 32 from the case 30.
in cocked condition and creating frictional forces of suf
?cient magnitude to overcome the outwardly directed force
As stated above, the sound-producing means 28 is
actuated in timed relation to the projection of section 24
of the compressed spring 32 tending to eject the section
and is interrelated structurally as well as functionally
24 from the case 30. ‘In addition, the pivotable member
with the ejecting structure of the device which has just
74, under the in?uence of the power spring 76, also serves 35 been described.
to operate the sound-producing means 28.
Broadly, the sound-producing means 28, seen best in
The pivotable member 74, shown in detail in FIG. 8,
FIGS. 4 and 5, comprises a sound chamber 95 having one
includes a circular sleeve or hub 77 having a circular
wall comprised of a suitable membrane or diaphram 96
center hole or bore 78, which sleeve is disposed about
to which is ?xed a resilient striker blade 92 and a driven
the center shaft '45, and a generally circular disk or 40 member 94 which is rotated by the pivotable member
plate 79 which is connected to the sleeve 77 adjacent its
74 to engage and actuate the blade 92 to produce the
lower end.
desired sound.
The plate 79 includes a driver gear segment 80 which ,
extends around approximately one half of the periphery
of the plate, a reduced diameter portion 81 extending
around the remainder of the periphery, and an outwardly
extending stop arm 82. The plate 79 and the sound
producing means 28 are so located that the driver gear
segment 80 operatively engages the sound-producing
As shown in ‘FIGS. 4 and 5, the sound chamber 95
is provided by a portion of the case 30 which is closed
o?f between the ?at, vertically disposed diaphram or mem
ber 96 and a portion of the cover plate 50‘. The dia
phram 96 is supported and positioned by a pair of ver
tical disposed ribs 98 which extend inwardly from the
vertical wall 35 of the case 30 and cooperate with the
means incident to movement of the pivotable member 74
50 curvature of the vertical wall 35 to hold the diaphram
during both tensioning and release of the power spring 76.
The power spring 76 in the illustrated device performs
the beforementioned dual function of serving, in coop
eration with other parts, to maintain the ejectable section
24 upon the case 30 against the force of the ejecting
spring 32, and of supplying power for the sound-producing
means 28. The spring 76, encircles the sleeve 77 of the
pivotable member 74, having one end abutted against
a stud 83 attached to the bottom wall 33 of the case
in position.
One end of the thin, elongated, resilient
striker blade 92 is secured to a point on the outside of
the diaphram 96 intermediate its edges, as by means of
a pair of rivets 1100.
The driven member 94 is shown in detail in FIG. 9
and includes a circular inertia disk 102, a small driven
gear 104, and a shaft 106, all coaxially aligned. The
driven member 94 is positioned with the shaft 106 ex
tending vertically, the shaft being supported between
38, and its other end abutted against a stud 84 on the 60
‘the cover plate 50 and the bottom wall 33 of the case
pivotable member 74, so as to urge the pivotable mem
30 for free rotation about its axis. The small gear 194
ber 74 in the counter-clockwise direction. However, piv
is engaged by the pivotable member 74 during release
otal movement of member 74 is limited by the engage
of the power spring 76 to effect rapid rotation of the
ment of its stop arm 82 with a stop button or stud 85
driven member 94. The inertia disk 102, ?xed to the
?xed to the case 30, thereby maintaining the member 74
in the position shown in FIG. 5. In this position, the 65 shaft 106, is positioned adjacent the free end of the
striker blade 92 and has its peripheral edge notched to
teeth of the driver gear segment 80 are disengaged from
form a continuous series of projections 108 for engag
the sound~producing means 28.
ing that end of the blade 92 so as to vibrate the mem
The frictional forces which prevent the ejection of the 7
brane 96 and thereby produce a loud siren sound inci
section 24 from the case 30 when the power spring
to rotation of the driven member 94.
76 is cocked, are created along the engaging faces of 70 dent
Now to consider the operation of the device. The
the vertical edges 61 on the bottom of the lower part of
ejectable section 24 is ?rst positioned upon the case 30
the sleeve 60 of the ejectable section 24 and on a pair
with the sleeve 60 received upon the center rod 45. The
of mating vertical edges 86 on the upper end of the
ejectable section 24 is then rotated in a clockwise direc_
sleeve 77 on the pivotable member 74. When the eject 75 tion causing edges 61 and 86 to engage. Further rota
3,084,934
5
tion of ejectable section 24- rotates the pivotable mem
ber 74 in a clockwise directon causing the power spring
76 to be stressed. When the pivotable member 74 is
rotated su?iciently, the ?nger 91 engages the lug 87, as
shown in FIG. 3, to prevent uncocking of the power
spring 76. When the parts are in this position (FIG.
3), the action of the stressed, cocked spring 76, in co
operation with the engaged edges, creates frictional forces
6
ance of a timepiece, said body having a base section and
an ejectable section positionable upon said base section,
said base section being in the form of a watch case and
including means for fastening said base section to the
wrist of a person and part of said ejectable section being
in the form of a Watch dial, a spring connected between
said ejectable section and said base section and urging said
ejectable section outwardly from said base section in a
?rst direction when said ejectable section is positioned
which prevent the ejection spring 32' from propelling
the section 24 upwardly. Engagement between the ?nger 10 on said base section, resilient means on said base section
relea-sably engageable with said ejectable section, when
91 and the lug 87 also prevents operation of the sound
producing means 28.
the latter is positioned on said base section, to exert a
force upon said ejectable section in a second direction
transversely of the ?rst direction to create a frictional force
the ?nger 91, the rotation of the ejectable section 24,
including the lug 87, causes the ?nger 91 to be urged 15 in said ?rst direction su?icient to prevent movement of
saidejectable section in response to said spring, and man
outwardly by the lug 87, allowing said lug to pass. After
ually operable release means on said base section for
the lug 87 has passed the ?nger 9-1, the latter is urged
releasing said resilient means to allow said spring to
by its spring 99 back to the position shown generally in
propel said ejectable section outwardly.
FIG. 3. When the user stops rotating the ejectable sec
3. A novelty comprising a body simulating the appear
tion 24 in the clockwise direction and releases it, the 20
ance of a timepiece, said body having a base section and
spring 76 is then allowed to slightly rotate the ejectable
an ejectable section positionable upon said base section,
section 2141 and pivotable member 74 back in the counter
With reference to the engagement of- the lug 87 with
clockwise direction. This counter-clockwise rotation of
the ejectable section 24 urges the lug 87 against the ?nger
a ?rst spring between said ejectable section and said base
section urging said ejectable section outwardly from said
91, as shown in FIG. 3. There is suf?cient force in the 25 base section in one direction, engaging means on said
spring 76 at this‘ point to maintain the ejectable section
base section releasably engageable with said ejectable
24 on the case 34}.
section, when the latter is positioned on said base sec
To operate the illustrated watch 20‘, the end 91a of
the pivot arm 83 may be pressed to rotate the arm 38
in the counter-clockwise direction, thereby disengaging
the ?nger 91 from its engagement or contact with the
tion, to exert a force upon said ejectable section in a
second direction transversely of the ?rst ‘direction, a
second spring which is tensioned, when said engaging
means is engaged to create a frictional force in said ?rst
direction sufficient to prevent movement of said ejectable
section in response to said ?rst spring, sound-producing
means on said base section, and operable by the release
forces which serve to retain the ejectable section 24 on
35 of said second spring to produce a sound effect, and man
the case 30.
ually operable release means on said base section for re
Disengagement of the ?nger 91 from the lug 87 also
leasing said engaging means to allow said ?rst spring to
allows the spring 76 to actuate the sound producing
propel said ejectable section outwardly and to allow said
means 28. Speci?cally, when the ?nger 91 is disengaged
second spring to operate said sound-producing means to
from the lug 87, the member 74 is rotated rapidly in the
produce a sound effect in timed relation to said propelling.
counter~clockwise direction by the spring 76, causing the
4. A novelty comprising a body simulating the appear
large driver gear segment 86‘ to rotate small driven gear
ance of a timepiece having a case and an upwardly di
104- of the driven member 94 at considerable speed, and
rected face, said body having a lower section and an
then to disengage from small gear 194 as shown in FIG.
upper ejectable section positionable upon said lower sec
5, to allow the driven member 94 to rotate freely. As
the driven member 94 rotates, the projections 10% of 45 tion, said ejectable section including the face of said
timepiece, means on said ejectable and lower sections for
the inertia disk 10‘2 engage the free end of the sounding
receiving said ejectable section in vertically slidable and
striker blade 92 causing a loud siren sound effect. The
rotatable engagement, a ?rst spring between said ejectable
watch may be repeatedly reset by simply repeating the
section and said lower section for propelling said eject
sequence of steps just described.
Thus, a unique and novel combination effect is pro 50 able section upwardly and outwardly from said lower sec
tion, a member which is rotatably mounted on one of
duced. Obviously, various modi?cations may be made
said sections, and is adapted to engage the other of said
to the described structure without departing from the
sections when said ejectable section is positioned upon
scope of the invention.
lug 87. This disengagement permits uncocking of the
power spring 76, thereby doing away with the frictional
Various features of the invention are set forth in the
following claims.
We claim:
said lower section and rotated in a predetermined direc
55 tion, said rotation serving, by virtue of said engagement,
to rotate said member in a ‘?rst direction relative to the
section upon which it is mounted, a second spring urging
said member in a second direction opposite from said
?rst
direction, whereby rotation of said member in said
an ejectable section, said base section being in the form
of a watch case and including means for fastening said 60 ?rst direction loads said second spring, means actuatable
by the movement of said member in said second direc
base section to the wrist of a person and part of said
tion for producing a sound effect, engaging means on
ejectable section being in the form of a watch dial, a
said lower section for releasably restricting rotation of
spring connected between said base section and said eject
said member in said second direction in response to the
able section, releasable means mounting said ejectable sec
urging of said loaded second spring to thereby also pre
tion upon said base section with said spring depressed
vent upward movement of said ejectable section, and
therebetween to bias said ejectable section outwardly from
manually operable release means on said lower section
said base section and operable when released to eject
for releasing said engaging means.
said ejectable section outwardly from said base section,
5. A novelty comprising a body simulating the appear
means on said base section for producing a sound effect, 70 ance of a timepiece having a case and an upwardly di
and a control means on said base section ‘for releasing
rected face, said body comprising a base section having a
said releasable means to allow said spring to propel said
generally vertical, upwardly extending rod, said body also
ejectable section outwardly and for operating said sound
comprising an ejectable section which includes said face,
said ejectable section being positionable upon said base
producing means in timed relation to said propelling.
2. A novelty comprising a body simulating the appear 75 section in rotatable and axially slidable engagement with
1. A novelty comprising- a body simulating the appear
ance of a timepiece, said body having a base section and
3,084,934
8
said rod, said ejectable section having a ?rst cam means,
a ?rst spring between said ejectable section and said base
section for propelling said ejectable section upwardly
from said base section, a member rotatably positioned
on said rod, said member having a second cam means
producing a sound e?ect, engaging means on said base
section for releasably restricting rotation of said mem—
her in said second direction in response to the urging of
said loaded second spring to thereby also restrict upward
movement of said ejectable section in response to the urg
adapted to engage said ?rst cam means on said ejectable
ing of said ?rst spring, and manually operable release
section when said ejectable section is positioned upon
means on said base section for releasing said engaging
said base section and rotated in a ?rst predetermined
direction, a second spring urging said member in a sec
means.
ond direction opposite from said predetermined direction, 10
whereby rotation of said member in said predetermined
direction loads said second spring, means actuated by the
movement of said member in said second direction for
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
2,598,807
Lawson et a1. ________ __ June 3, 1952
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
731 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа