Патент USA US3085520код для вставки
April 16, 1963 J. K. CAMPBELL 3,085,510 PATTERN CONTROL FOR BUCKSHOT CHARGES Filed Aug: 11, 1960 a 4 INVENTOR. \4 (AMPBELL ATTORNEYS‘ United. States Patent O?ice 1 3,085,510 John K. Campbell, 627 W. Stone, Independence, Mo. Filed Aug. 11, 1960, Ser. No. 49,057 PATTERN CONTROL FOR BUCKSl-IOT CHARGES 3,085,510‘ Patented Apr. 16, 1963 2 A plurality of buckshot 7 are provided for the “load” here illustrated to be six in number and of a size known as 00(.33) size ordinarily used for big game such as deer, bear and the like. With this size shot and six in number, I have found that three and three-fourths drams 1 Claim. (Cl. 102-42) of powder is satisfactory for my purpose. This invention relates to a shot cartridge, and more The buckshot 7 are provided with sockets 8 (FIG. particularly to the pattern control for buckshot charges 5) and two of such shots are connected by a tying mem ber 9. When the ends 10 of the tying member are in from such cartridges. Various attempts have been made to control the stray 10 serted in the sockets 8 of the buckshot, ‘the sockets are ing of buckshot in cartridges or shot gun shells to pre then closed by swaging or a suitable tool (not shown) as illustrated at 11 (FIG. 5) to retain the ends of the vent accidents and to increase the effectiveness of the tie member in said buckshot as illustrated at 12. In buckshot. There is a trend toward use of buckshot for FIG. 4 I have illustrated the six buckshot in a pattern. big game hunting instead of bullet guns formerly in use. large bullet guns are very dangerous and. many 15 The shots 13 and 14 are connected by a tie member 15 and shots 16 and 17 by a tie member 18. The tie mem ber may be of cord or wire but I have found a mono people are killed each year big game hunting. With the use of buckshot in shot guns the likelihood of accident is materially reduced. Many attempts have been made to control the buck shot in a shot gun shell after it leaves the barrel of a gun. No one so far as applicant is aware has devised a device which would effectively control the pattern of the shot. It is therefore the principal object of the present in ?lament line satisfactory for my purpose. The line is similar to that used as leader lines in spin cast ?shing. The lines 9, 15 and 18 are secured together at substan tially their centers by fastening member 19' which may be of plastic or other similar material which is crimped around the line. The fastening must be of a material so as not to injure the gun barrel as it leaves the same. In FIG. 3 I have illustrated the tie members 9, 15 and vention to provide a cartridge for use of buckshot to 25 18 as being tied together at substantially the centers in control the pattern or direction of travel of the shot after a knot 20. Any method or means of securing the lines it leaves the gun barrel. together is suitable for my purpose. The buckshot are Other objects of the present invention are to provide then placed within a covering material 21, such as foil a cartridge with a plurality of buckshot in a manner wherein the recoil or “kick” will be reduced; to pro 30 or the like, and three shot are placed in the foil as illus trated in FIG. 2 and then three more shot placed on the vide a cartridge wherein control of the pattern of the ?rst three shot and the open edges 22 crimped and closed closely around the lines 9, 15 and 18 (FIG. 3) and a higher velocity of the buckshot attained; to pro whereby the material 21 forms a bag containing the buck vide means connected to the buckshot for preventing straying thereof after the buckshot leaves the gun bar 35 shot and portions of the lines adjacent the buckshot, the remainder of the tie lines extending outwardly of the rel; to provide means of enclosing the buckshot within buckshot will reduce the number of buckshot required the cartridge to hold the same in a particular manner so that when they leave the gun barrel there will not be the tendency to stray as where they are uncontrolled; to provide a covering for the buckshot wherein the buck sh-ot will be prevented from engaging the inside wall of the gun barrel; to provide tying means for holding the buckshot together and placing the tying means between the shot and the wadding of the cartridge; to provide wrapper, FIG. 3. The tie members or lines are wadded together close to the crimped portion as indicated at 23 (FIG. 1) and the assembly is then placed in the open end 24 of the casing 4 of the cartridge with the crimped portion fac ing in the direction of the powder 5. With the lesser than ordinary number of buckshot in the cartridge there is required a larger ?ller wad between the wadding 6 and the buckshot and I place a ?ller wad ding above the wadding 6 as indicated at 25 and 26, FIG. means for holding the shot in position so they will not become entangled with the tying means; and to provide a 1. The open end of the cartridge is closed in the same ‘device of this character simple and economical to manu manner as is the usual practice. I have here illustrated a facture. ‘Other objects and advantages of this invention will be 50 “star” closure as indicated at 25’ which is accomplished by merely creasing the elongated end 27 of the casing 4 come apparent from the following description taken in and crimping the same over the buckshot 7. Any form connection with the accompanying drawings wherein are of closure may be utilized without departing from the set forth by way of illustration and example certain em spirit of my invention. bodiments of this invention. The foil 21 will hold the shot in position and prevent FIG. 1 is a vertical cross sectional view particularly 55 the tie members 9, 15 and 18 from becoming entangled illustrating my shot cartridge for pattern control. therewith. The foil also holds the shot in position until FIG. 2 is an enlarged cross sectional view taken on a it leaves the barrel. The explosion of the powder in the line 2>—2, FIG. 1. cartridge will cause the foil, as it leaves the barrel, to be FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the buckshot enclosed entirely removed from the shot. As the shot passes out within a foil wrapping and the tying means extending of the gun barrel, it will again spread apart and the lines outwardly ready to be placed in position in the cartridge. 9, 15 and 18 will prevent the spreading farther than the FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the shot and the tying lengths of the lines. I have found that by use of a six means in a pattern after it leaves the gun barrel. inch light weight line or tic member the pattern will hold FIG. 5 is an enlarged cross sectional view of the buck at six inches and will kill deer at one hundred yards ‘and shot showing the tying means attached thereto. 65 over. Referring more in detail to the ‘drawings: 'It is well known that ordinary buckshot will scatter 1 designates a cartridge embodying the features of badly and thus require heavy large loads and the result is my invention comprising the usual metal base 2, primer heavy recoil. With my pattern control, the number of 3 and paper or cardboard casing 4 as is the usual prac pellets may be reduced because they will be delivered on tice. The casing extends within the base 2 as illustrated 70 target by holding the pattern and thus allow a higher in FIG. 1. The base contains a charge of powder 5 velocity and lower recoil and less barrel pressure. above which is placed wadding 6. It will be obvious that with the control of the pattern 3,085,510 3 of the buckshot, safer-hunting will be accomplished and also by holding the pattern of the buckshot, there Will be more game killed and less wounding and suffering of animals which die from poorly placed shots due to excess scattering. ‘It is to be understood that While I have illustrated and described one form of my invention, it is not to be limited to the speci?c form or arrangement of parts here 4 adjacent said buckshot, the remainder portions of said lines extending outwardly of said bag, said edges of said wrapper forming a crimped portion closely closed around said lines, said bag being contained in said casing above and adjacent said wadding with said crimped portion facing toward said powder and the remainder portions of said lines being wadded adjacent said crimped portion, whereby said bag is removed from said shot as it leaves in described and shown except insofar as such limitations the barrel upon ?ring said cartridge from a shotgun. are included in the claim. 10 What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: References Cited in the ?le of this patent A shotgun cartridge comprising: a cylindrical casing, a UNITED STATES PATENTS base having a primer closing one end of said casing, a charge of powder within said casing and adjacent said 347,988 . ..bas,e,rwadding.in saidcartridge and covering said powder,’ 15" 711,198,035 2,759,420 a plurality of buckshot, tie lines having the ends thereof Boyd __, ____________ __ Aug. 24, 1886 Huntington Schultz ______________ ___~_r_r_.r_e___r_.. .._ Sept.'12', Aug. 21, "1916' 1956 r e secured respectively to said buckshot, said tie lines being OTHER REFERENCES secured to each other for limiting the spread pattern of said buckshot, a wrapper having edges and forming a ‘Ser. No. 336,019, Garkovenko (A.P.C.), published bag containing said buckshot and portions of said lines 20 June ‘22, 1943.