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Патент USA US3086277

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April 23, 1963
D. B. MATHES
3,086,267
MEANS FOR SECURING THE ENDS OF TIE MEANS
Filed April 4, 1960
INVENTOR.
D urant B. Maihes
BY
ATTORNEY
United States Patent O?ice
1
3,086,257
Patented Apr. 23, 1963
2
preferred construction of the tie means of the invention.
The following is a discussion and description of a pre
ferred speci?c embodiment of the new tie means of the
invention, such ‘being made with reference to the draw
3,086,267
MEANS FOR SECURING THE ENDS 0F
TIE MEANS
Durant B. Mathes, 2614 Litch?eld, Wichita, Kaus.
Filed Apr. 4, 1960, Ser. No. 19,821
ings whereon the same reference numerals are used to
indicate the same or similar parts and/or structure. It
3 Claims. (Cl. 24-117)
is to be understood that such discussion and description
This invention relates to means for securing the ends
are not to unduly limit the scope of the invention.
of tie means. More particularly, the invention discloses
Referring now to the drawings in detail, FIG. 1 shows
a structure designed speci?cally for receiving and se 10
an ordinary shoe 10 having laces 12 thereon. The
curing in said structure the ends of any type of tie means.
article of the invention is shown generally at 14 and, in
In a still more speci?c aspect, the invention relates to
this particular application, receives the ends of the shoe
a device which can receive the ends of the tie means
strings 12 and maintains them tightly laced in the shoe 10.
to freely move therethrough in one direction, but which
The details of the construction of the tie means of
will prevent the accidental displacement and removal 15
the invention are shown in FIGS. 2 and 3. The inven
of the tie means from the structure in the other direction.
tion includes a cylindrical body member 16, preferably
In the prior art, many devices and structures are known
made of plastic, which is hollow. The particular shape
which are designed to secure, in one manner or another,
of the outside surface is not material to the invention,
the ends of tie means. Many of these devices have
proved ineffective, and in fact have been unable to per 20 except that a regular surface, such as the cylindrical
one shown at 18, or a rectangular surface, can usually
form their intended function. Other of these structures
be obtained in standard stock sizes, and therefore re
are too complicated either in operation or in the struc
duces cost of manufacture.
tural components to provide a tie means which is both
The interior wall or surface 20 of the member 16 is
economical to produce and extremely easy and simple to
use.
In accordance with the present invention, a new device
for securing the ends of tie means has been invented
which is extremely easy to use, and consists of a few
25
preferably uniformly tapered and has openings at both
ends of the body member 16. Other shapes of interior
surfaces are, of course satisfactory, but the one shown
and described is preferred as being more el?cient in
operation and reduces overall cost due to the ease of
easily manufactured elements. The tie means of the
invention is so simple in operation that even a child can 30 manufacture.
use it, and in fact one of the preferred applications of
the invention is to the shoe laces of a child’s shoe. The
‘ends of the tie means are simply passed through the
. device in one direction, and when thus positioned within
.the structure of the invention they will be wedged there
in when urged in the opposite direction to thereby pre
‘vent accidental displacement, but can be easily removed
when intentionally desired.
A spherical element 22 forms part of the structure
of the invention, and is positioned within the hollow
tapered interior of the body member 16. The spherical
element 22 is preferably knurled or otherwise roughened
on its surface to increase the friction properties of the
element. The member 22 can be made from plastic
materials or from any of a number of other materials,
such as wood, rubber or synthetic rubber, some metals,
or any other material, which would be apparent to one
The structure of the new tie means of the invention
includes a body member which is hollow and open at 40 skilled in the art. The other elements of the structure
can also be made from these materials.
both ends. An element is received within the body and
The element 22 is dimensioned relatively to the body
is dimensioned to be movable within the hollow interior
member 16 so that it is greater in diameter than the
of the body. The two elements are arranged and con
smaller opening into the body 16 and smaller in di
structed so that the ends of tie means can be passed
through the hollow interior of the body member and 45 ameter than the larger opening into the ‘body. Also,
the spherical element 22 should be of such size that it
moved freely in one direction, ‘but when urged in the
can move at least a short distance along the axis of the
other direction the element therein will wedge the tie
body member 16.
means between the element and the body member to
prevent accidental movement of the tie means there
A cover member 24 is mounted on the body member
vide a new and improved means for securing the ends
within the opening, as shown in FIG. 3, or it can be
larger in diameter than the opening and can then be
secured to the end of the body member 16. The cover
24 is secured to the body member 16 in any suitable
manner, such as by merely cementing it thereto, and
when it is mounted within the hollow interior of the
body member 16 it can be tapered along its outer edge
as shown in FIG. 3 to be wedged against the surface
20 and thus secured to the body member 16.
The cover 24 has two apertures 26 formed therein.
from.
50 16 to close the larger opening into the hollow interior of
the body member. The cover 24 can either be mounted
Accordingly it is an object of this invention to pro
of tie means.
A further object of the invention is to provide a sim
ple means for securing the ends of tie means which is
easily constructed and simple to use.
Another object of the invention is to provide a means
to secure the ends of the tie means in which all, or most,
of the structure can be formed of molded plastic ma
terial.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a
new and improved means for securing the ends of shoe
The apertures 26 are of such size as to receive the ends
of the tie means used in any particular application, and
can, of course, vary according to the desired application
Various other objects, advantages and features of the
invention will become apparent from the following dis 65 of the invention. The apertures 26 are preferably spaced
equally from opposite sides of the center of the cover
cussion taken in connection with the accompanying draw
ings, in which:
24. This arrangement can also be varied according to
the desired application of the invention. The apertures
FIG. 1 shows an ordinary shoe having the tie means
26 open into the hollow interior of the body member 16.
of the invention secured thereto.
The cover 24 of the preferred embodiment has a con
FIG. 2 is an enlarged exploded view of the tie means of 70
vex outer surface. The cover is made in this manner so
the invention.
as to increase the size of the hollow interior containing
FlG. 3 is an enlarged cross section view showing a
laces on a child’s shoe.
and retaining the spherical element 22.
This construc
8,086,267
3
tion, in effect, extends the sides or the length of the body
different sizes at the ends thereof, the inside of said body
member being uniformly tapered from one of said open
member 16 and thus reduces the overall cost of the item
ings to the other of said openings, a generally spherical
due to the reduction in material needed. In some appli
element received within said body member, said spherical
cations it will be desirable to form the cover member 24
element having a knurled surface, said element having a
CR
of a flat or disc-shaped piece of material, and in such a
diameter greater than one of said openings into said body
case it will be necessary to proportionally extend the
member and smaller than the other of said openings into
length of the body member 16 enough to provide for
said body member, a convex cover mounted on said body
some movement for the spherical element 22 therein.
Other types of cover means can be used if desired.
With the device assembled in the manner shown in
FIGS. 2 and 3, it is extremely simple to operate. The
ends of tie means, such as the shoe laces 12 of the shoe
10 shown in FIG. l, are passed through the smaller open
ing into the hollow interior of the body member 16 and
are received ‘by and extend through the openings or aper
tures 26 in the cover member 24. The spherical element
22 is dimensioned as previously explained so that it can
move within the body member 16 to provide for the in
sertion of the end of the tie means 12. As the ends of
the tie means 12 are inserted and pulled through the
‘body member 16 in the manner just described, there will
be no interference with their movement therethrough by
the element 22. When the device is pulled tight onto the
shoe, and ‘both of the tie means 12 are then urged in the
opposite direction, or from the larger to the smaller open
ing at the same time, the spherical element 22 will be
urged towards the smaller opening and will wedge the tie
means ‘12 between the spherical element 22 and the body
member 16 to thereby prevent removal of the tie means
therefrom. The exterior surface of the spherical ele
ment 22 is roughened or knurled as previously explained
to enhance its gripping qualities during the attempted
removal of the tie means 12.
member and closing the larger of said openings, there
being two apertures in said cover, said apertures being
spaced equally from opposite sides of the center of said
cover ‘and opening into the hollow interior of said body
member, said cover being mounted on said body member
so that said convex portion projects away from said body
member, said device being constructed and adapted so that
the ends of tie means can ‘be passed through the smaller
of said openings into said body member and out through
said apertures in said cover so that when said tie means
are urged toward said smaller of said openings said
knurled spherical element will ‘wedge said tie means be
tween said element and said body member to prevent
accidental removal of said tie means therefrom and move
ment of one of said tie means toward said larger of said
openings will move into spherical element toward said
cover and permit movement of the other of said tie means
through said smaller of said openings.
2. Means for securing the ends of tie means compris
ing, in combination, an elongated plastic body member,
said body member being hollow and having openings of
different sizes at the ends thereof, the inside of said body
member being tapered from one of said openings to the
other of said openings, a generally spherical element re
ceived within said ‘body, a convex cover closing the larger
To release the gripping action of the spherical element
of said openings and mounted on said body member with
in the member 16 which disengages the gripping spherical
‘into the inside of said body, said device being constructed
22 and remove the tie means 12 from the body member $5 the convex portion thereof projecting away from said
body member, there being apertures in said cover opening ,
16 the tie means 12 are urged towards the larger opening
and adapted so that the ends of ‘tie means can be passed
through said body member and through said apertures in i
member 16. This individual movement of the tie means 40 said cover so that when said tie means are urged towards
element 22.
Then the ends of the tie means 12 are in
dividually pulled towards the smaller opening in the body
12 prevents the spherical element 22 from wedging and
locking the tie means therein during the removal process.
As ‘will be apparent from the foregoing description,
many types of material can be used for the various ele
ments of the invention. Plastic materials are preferred .
due to the simplicity of manufacture ‘when using this ma
terial; however, each of the parts can also be made of
metals, wood, rubber or synthetic rubber materials; in
fact, almost any material can ‘be used for the various ele
ments.
The invention has been described in connection with
its use for securing shoe laces tightly on a shoe; however
the invention is not to be limited to this application. The
structure described and shown is suitable for, and used
with, any tie, means whether they are small like a shoe
lace or large ropes, fabrics, sheet material, etc. The in
vention was described in connection with its use with
the smaller of said openings said spherical element will
wedge said tie means between said element and said body
to prevent accidental removal of said tie means therefrom
and movement of one of said tie means towards said
larger of said openings will move said spherical element
toward said cover and permit movement of the other of
said tie means through said smaller of said openings,
3. A device for securing the ends of tie means compris
ing, in combination, a hollow body member, said body
member having openings of different sizes at the ends
thereof and being tapered from one of said openings to
the other of said openings, a spherical element within
said body member, a convex cover mounted on and clos
ing the larger of said openings with the convex portion
thereof projecting away from said body member, said
cover having apertures therethrough opening into said
body member, said device being constructed and adapted
so that the ends of tie means can be passed through said
device and through said apertures in said cover so that
invention with his shoe laces before he is old enough to 60 when said tie means are urged towards the smaller of
said openings in said body member said spherical element
tie them in the conventional manner.
will wedge said tie means ‘between said element and said
While the invention has been described in connection
body to prevent accidental removal of said tie means
with a preferred specific embodiment thereof, it will be
therefrom and movement of said one of said tie means
understood that this description is intended to illustrate
shoe laces to illustrate the simplicity of operation whereby
even a small child can install and use the device of the
and not limit the scope of the invention, which is de?ned
by the claims.
As will be evident to those skilled in the art, various
modi?cations of this invention can be made, or followed,
in the light of this description and discussion, without de
parting from the spirit of the disclosure or the scope of
the claims.
I claim:
towards the larger of said openings will move said spheri
cal element toward said cover and permit movement of
the other of said tie means through said smaller of said
openings.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,618,901
Woolman _____________ __ Feb. 22, i927
607,508
Germany _____________ __ Dec. 29, 1934
1. Means for securing the ends of tie means compris~
ing, in combination, a cylindrical plastic body member.
said body member being hollow and having openings of
FOREIGN PATENTS
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