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Патент USA US3086532

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April 23, 1963.
H. R. FROHMADER
`
'
3,036,522
oRTHoPEvIc BRAcEs
Filed June 26, 1961
2 sheets-sheet 1
29
3
4,
i
\
2,
’
JNVENToR.
HARLEY RA FROHMADER
BY
ATTORN EYS
April 23, 1963
H. R. FROHMADER
3,086,522
ORTHOPEDIC BRACES
Filed June 26, 1961
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
INVENTOR.
HARLEY R. FROH MADER
BY
ATTOR NEYS
United States Patent O ”
3,086,522
Patented Apr. 23, 1963
1
2
3,086,522
any shape or contour to conform to the shape of the
foot of the wearer and may be equipped with a metal
ORTHOPEDIC BRACES
top plate shown as v11 covering the upper face of the
Harley R. Frohmader, 14411 W. Cleveland,
New Berlin, Wis.
Filed .lune 26, 1961, Ser. No. 119,622
7 Claims. (Cl. 12S-80)
base 10 and attached thereto by means of the screws
shown as i12, or in any other convenient manner.
My invention relates to orthopedic braces and more
particularly to a foot and leg brace to correct improper
deformities of the limb.
The ‘base 10 is shown provided with elongated re
cesses 13 and 13' and the plate 11 is equipped with a
pair of spaced, elongated slots shown as 14 and 15 ex
tending longitudinally of base 10. These slots accom
modate bolts i16 and I17, respectively, extending upward
It is more or less common practice to use orthopedic
ly therethrough yfrom the recesses 13 and 13’. The bolts
braces -to correct deformed limbs of infants. These
limbs may be unnaturally twisted or distorted with rela
have nuts 28’ mounted thereon, engaging T-shaped
grooves 18 and 19, respectively, recessed in the undersur
faces of the blocks 20 and 21, respectively. lBlocks 20
tion to the normal and desired form of limb. In order
to correct these deformities, brace structures are applied 15 and 21 are adapted to be turned with relation to the
upper surface of the plate 11. In the normal position,
to the deformed limb in order to force its growth to
the grooves 18 and «19 extend at right angles to the
ward the normal position or disposition. A major pur
elongated slots 14 and 15, as appears in »FIGURES 1
pose of the present invention is the provision of an im
and 3. This arrangement permits the pivoted movement
proved brace structure for application to a deformed
leg or foot, and with the structure being so formed that 20 of the blocks V20 and 21 to any predetermined position
or angle, as shown in the dotted lines in FIGURE 3.
it enables corrective forces to be applied to the leg and
A swivel ball joint mounting is attached to the top
foot in many varied directions.
plate -11 at'the rear thereof by means of rivets 23, as
Another object of my invention is to provide such
shown in AFIGURE 2. lMounting 22 supports a leg sup
a device that is -constructed in a manner that will permit
it to be adjusted and retained at any predetermined posi 25 port in the form of a rod 24 extending upwardly there
from. Rod `24 is adapted to be held in a selected tixed
tion after adjustment.
position by means of the set screws 25, which engage
Still another object of my invention is to pr-ovide a
the ball on the end of r-od 24. A tubular sleeve 26
device of the character described that retains the leg and
slidably engages the upper end of rod 24 and is held in
thigh portion in many angular relations, while prevent
30 any predetermined position by the set screw 27, which
ing any relative displacement.
engages rod 24.
Another object of my device is to provide a struc
The upper end of the sleeve 26 has a soft pliable band
ture that permits convenient application of cushions and
28 attached thereto. This band may be constructed of
padding to conform to the contour of the muscles and
leather, cloth, plastic or the like and is shown equipped
bone structure of the limb being serviced.
A still further object is to provide a device that per 35 with eyelets 29 Ifor accommodating a lace y(not shown).
lObviously any -type of fastening such as a buckle or the
mits variant angular disposition of the l:foot in relation
like may be employed. Band 28, which is adapted to
to the leg.
be ñtted around the upper leg or thigh, permits attach
The device described, illustrated and claimed herein
ment of the device to a point above the knee of the
is applicable to either the right or left leg and adjust
able to take care of variations in size as the child’s foot 40 wearer’s leg, which is shown as 30 by the dotted lines.
Sleeve 26 also has a bracket 31 slidably mounted
and leg develops. It is simple in constructionl and is
thereon for supporting a band 32 adjustably mounted
easy to apply or remove.
on the bracket 3'1 by means of the bolt and slot connec
`Other and further objects of my invention Will become
tion 33. A set screw 34 holds bracket 31 in a lixed
more apparent as the description proceeds, when taken
45 position on the sleeve 26, while permitting angular and
in conjunction with the drawings, in which:
FIGURE l is a perspective view of the entire assem
bled device applied to the limb, shown in phantom;
IFIGURE 2 is a vertical cross sectional view of the
device shown in FIGURE l;
.
height adjustment of band 32 with respect to the axis of
rod 24.
In FIGURES 7 and 8 the band 28 is hingedly attached
to the top of the sleeve 26 by means of the member 44
FIGURE 3 is a top or plan View of the base showing 50 attached to the band 28 andthe member 45 attached to
the angularly adjustable support plates;
4
FIGURE 4 is a similar view as shown in FIGURE 3
with the plates equipped with pliable foot supports;
the sleeve 26 and hingedly engaged by the screw 43
so the band 28 may be pivoted about the axis of screw 43
and then retained in any selected position to one side
FIGURE 5 is a side view of the device applied to the
or the other of the axis of the leg supporting rod 24.
limb shown in phantom and illustrating the foot portion 55
I-f desired, another bracket shown at 35 may slidably
angularly disposed and retained in that position with the
engage the rod 24 below bracket 31. This bracket is
toe portion of the foot higher than the heel;
lixed in position by the set screw 36. This bracket is
FIGURE 6 is a rear view of the device illustrating
similar to bracket 31. A band 37 is adjustably mounted
the manner in which the toot may be angularly disposed
at 38 on the bracket '35 -for adjustment radially of rod 24.
60
in either direction sideways relative -to the leg;
The bands 32 and 37 are constructed similar to the
FIGURE 7 shows a side view of a modified clamp
ban-d '28, are made from soft pliable material and are
construction applied to the thigh -above the knee of the
held by means of buckles or laces. These bands readily
patient illustrating a hinge arrangement for its con
permit the support and engagement of padding or the
struction to permit angular adjustment; and
like.
FIGURE 8 is a front View of the structure shown in 65
The front block 20 is shown with an upwardly ex
FIGURE 7.
tended
soft pliable band 39, which band may also be
Similar characters of reference indicate corresponding
provided with lacking or buckles to support the forward
parts throughout the several views, and referring now
or toe portion of the foot. Block 21 is shown with a
to the same, the character 10 designates a base portion,
which forms a foot support. Base y10 may be constructed 70 counter portion 41 of a shoe ty-pe construction mounted
thereon to support the heel portion of the foot. The
of any lightweight rigid material, such as wood, plastic
counter portion 41 is also shown with lacing similar to
or the like. Obviously this base portion 10 may be of
3,086,522
3
the toe portion or band 39. This arrangement permits
the support of the ankle together with the heel portion
of the foot. The toe band 39 and the counter portion
41 may be connected together by means of t-he strap and
slot arrangement.
The two blocks 20 and 21 are spaced from one an
other. They may be variantly spaced longitudinally of
support 10 and may have variant lateral and angular posi
tions relative to one another and to the support `10.
They are retained in a fixed position by means of the
bolts 16 and 17 to support the foot in any predetermined
position or angle -for the correction of the deformities.
From the above description it will be seen that the
device will retain the foot at any selected disposition rela
tive to the thigh and lower leg by means of the straps 28,
32 and 37, the strap 28 being applied to the thigh and
members on the forward and rearward portion of said
foot support, each foot restraining member including a
block and a holding member positioned thereon, said
holding member being formed and adapted to grip and
hold a portion of the foot on said block, means mounting
each restraining member on said foot support for ad
justment laterally thereof independently of each other and
`for rotary adjustment about an axis extending generally
perpendicular for the general plane of said foot support,
to thereby enable selective twisting of the front and rear
portions of the user’s foot relative to one another and
twisting of said foot relative to the leg of the user.
2. The structure of claim 1 wherein the means swivelly
mounting said leg support on the rearward portion of said
foot support comprises a ball and socket joint and wherein
means are provided for holding said supports in a selected
position relative to one another.
3. The `structure of claim 1 wherein each -foot restrain~
ing block includes a T-shaped slot on the undersurface
the straps 32 and 37 to the leg of the wearer.
The brace shown and described herein is easily used Yfor
many corrective situations. For example, it may be used
to correct the disposition of the plane of the lfoot relative 20 thereof and extending laterally thereof, said foot support
to the lower leg by twisting the foot support 10 upwardly
or downwardly with relation to the leg support 24 and then
ñxing it in position as is shown in FIGURE 5. The device
may be used to twist the general plane of the foot relative
including spaced sl-ots extending generally radially from
said leg support, a bolt passed through each slot on said
support, and a nut threaded on said bolt and in sliding
engagement with each T-shaped slot, so as to tix each
to the lower leg, by twisting the general plane of the sup 25 block in a selected position radially of said leg support,
port 10 relative to the lower leg and the leg support
and laterally of and angularly with respect to said foot
24 as appears in FIGURE 6. The lower leg may be posi
support.
tioned at selected angular dispositions relative to the
4. The structure of claim 1 characterized by and in
upper leg through proper adjustment of the band 28 rela
cluding a thigh embracing member, means mounting said
tive to the leg support 24 as appears in FIGURES 7 and 30 thigh embracing member on said leg support for rotation
8. The foot of t-he wearer may have lateral forces ap
about the axis thereof, said mounting means including
plied thereto by proper positioning of the blocks 20 and
means for holding said thigh embracing member in a se
21 on the support 10 so that the `foot and ankle structure
are forced toward the normal position. Since each of the
blocks 20 and 21 individually and independently fixed
in position, the forward portion of the foot may be ad
justed relative to the heel portion by »setting the blocks
20 and 21 at desired lateral positions on the support 10
lected position.
5. The struc-ture of claim 1 characterized by and includ
ing a lower leg embracing member, and adjustable means
mounting said lower leg embracing member on said leg
support for adjustment toward and away from said sup
port.
6. The structure of claim l wherein the foot holding
and with the blocks twisted about axes prependicular to
the plane of t-he support 10 with relation to one another 4.0 member on the forward block is in the form of flexible
as appears in FIGURE 4.
straps adapted to embrace the toe portion of the foot and
The struct-ure is easily formed and lixed in the selected
the foot holding member on the rear block is in the form
and desired position of rigidity so as to apply the desired
of a counter portion for a shoe.
corrective forces to the limb of the wearer.
`7. The structure of claim 1 characterized by and includ
Whereas I have shown and described in operative form 45 ing a thigh embracing member, means mounting said thigh
of the invention, it should be understood that this show
embracing member on Isaid leg support for rotation about
ing and description thereof should be taken in an illustra~
the axis of said leg support and for tilting adjustment
tive or diagrammatic sense only. There are many modi
thereon, and means for holding said thigh embracing
lications in and to the invention which will fall within
member in a vselected position relative »to said leg support.
the scope and spirit thereof and which will be apparent to
those skilled in the art. The scope of the invention should
References Cited in the file of this patent
be limited only »by the scope of the hereinafter appended
UNITED STATES PATENTS
claims.
I claim:
9,472
Hussey ______________ __ Dec. 14, 1852
265,942
Burns _______________ .__ Oct. 17, 1882
l. An orthopedic corrective appliance for the foot and
2,871,851
Swanson _____________ __ Feb. 3, 1959
leg including a generally ñat foot support having a for
2,959,169
Bless ________________ __ Nov. 8, 1960
ward portion and rearward portion, an upstanfding leg
2,967,360
Rice ________________ __ Jau. 10, 1961
support, means swivelly mounting said leg support on the
rearward portion of said foot support, means holding said
FOREIGN PATENTS
leg support at a selected angular disposition relative to 60
said foot support, said leg support including means adapted
1,138,963
France _______ __, _____ __ Feb. 4, 1957
for attachment to the leg of the user, and yfoot restraining
1,087,175
France ______________ .__ Aug. 18, 1954
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