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Патент USA US3086545

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United States Patent Oñate
3,086,535
Patented Apr. 23, 1963
i
Z
3,686,535'
HAIR CURLING IMPLEMENT
Georgia E. Glintz, 2909 University Ave.,
the initial wave need not be rewound and retreated as
Des Moines, Iowa
Filed Aug. 4, 1959, Ser. No. 831,563
6 Claims. (Cl. 132-41)
The present invention relates generally to improve
ments in hair curling equipment and more particularly
to a novel curling implement especially adapted for use
in the process commonly referred to as cold permanent
waving.
t
In cold permanent waving of hair, the hair is divided
into a large number of individual tresses or strands
which are wound upon curling rods and thoroughly
saturated with a waving solution. After the solution has
remained on the wound tress for a predetermined period
ot' time, the wound tress is subjected to the application
of a neutralizing solution to stop the action of the wav-
ing solution.
The hair is then unwound, rinsed with
water and dried and set.
would be necessary if the implement were not constructed
to engage an intermediate portion of the strand.
Another feature of the present invention is an im
proved construction enabling the strand of hair to be
wound up all the way to the scalp.
.
Other objects and advantages are inherent in the struc
ture claimed and disclosed or will become apparent to
those skilled in the art from the following detailed de
scription in conjunction with the accompanying drawing
wherein:
FIG. l is a side elevational view of a hair curling im
plement constituting an embodiment of the present in
vention and showing the members thereof pivoted to
separated positions.
FIG. 2 is a top View of the implement showing an
intermediate portion of a strand of hair engaged between
the two holding members and a locking member extend
ing to one side of the holding members.
.
FIG. 3 is »a side elevational view showing a strand of
hair wound on the implement with a portion of each of
the holding members cut away and all of the members
Hair curling implements as heretofore shown by the
prior art have serious drawbacks the elimination of which
fastened together.
constitutes the object of the present invention. For
FIG. 4 is a top view showing the strand of hair wound
example, some of the prior art devices comprised elon 25 as in FIG. 3.
gated cylindrical members around which the hair was
FIG. 5 is an end view showing the strand of hair
Wound. This type of device produced closely coiled
wound as in FIGS. 3 and 4.
artificial looking curls rather than the more desirable
FIG. 6 is a sectional View taken on line 6_6 in
natural looking waves. Other prior art devices used
FIG. 2.
elongated planar members around which the hair was 30
FIG. 7 is a perspective view showing a folded end
wound laterally. When the strand was wound around
paper for sandwiching the unconnected end of a hair
the squared corners on the longitudinal edges of these
strand.
'
planar members it was formed into rectangular folds
Referring to FIGS. l and 2, there is shown a hair
which ultimately caused the formation of unattractive
winding implement comprising a pair of rigid longitudi
ridges in the strand.
35 nal planar holding members 12, 13 and a rigid longi
The present invention constitutes a hair winding im
tudinal planar locking member 14 all `composed of a
plement which produces the more natural looking wavy
suitable material such as plastic. A ring 17 extends
effect rather than the artificial coils or the unattractive
loosely through one end of each member 12, 13, 14 and
ridges characteristic of the prior art devices. The wind~
provides a simple and economical means for mounting
ing means of the present invention constitutes a pair of 40 each member `for pivotal movement in its plane of dis
elongated planar holding members extending in side by
position (FIG. 1) and for swinging movement in a plane
side relation and having rounded longitudinal edges over
perpendicular to its plane of disposition (FIG. 2).
which the strand is wound laterally.
In FIGS. 3, 4 and 5 there is shown a wound«up strand
The Width and thickness of these members is such
of hair having an end 23 extending from the scalp 24
that the laterally wound strand extends around these
and a free end or tip 25. Holding members 12, 13 are
members in elongated convolutions to eventually produce
moved apart to receive the free end 25 of the strand of
gracefully curving waves which are very attractive and
hair or an intermediate part 26 of the strand (FIG. 2),
natural looking. Providing the members with rounded
following which members 12, 13 are brought together
edges rather than sharp corners eliminates the undesir
in side by side relation to engage the strand therebe
able ridges by enabling the strand to be wound in ellip
tween. If it is desired to wave the entire strand, then
tical convolutions rather than rectangular folds.
the portion adjacent free end 25 is engaged so that the
Moreover, the planar members of the present inven
tips do not stick »out beyond the longitudinal edges of
tion are adapted to sandwich therebetween the loose or
holding members 12, 13 so as to prevent unsightly
free end of the strand prior to Winding the remainder
frizzes from forming at end 25 after waving solution is
‘of the strand around the outside of these members. By 55 applied as would be the case if end 25 was not so en
virtue of this construction the loose end is prevented
gaged or was wound in small diameter coils. Since there
from curling up into unattractive frizzes when subjected
is a variation in length among the numerous individual
to the waving solution as would be the oase if the end
hairs constituting the strand, in order to assure proper
was not held as described or was wound in small diam
engagement of the free end of each hair the tip 25 of
60
eter coils. Instead, an attractive and natural looking
the strand is initially sandwiched between the opposite
wave is imparted to all portions of the strand.
sides 29, 30 of a folded end paper (FIG. 7). The end
The dual member construction of the present inven
paper is in turn sandwiched between the opposing flat
tion also enables a rewave or original wave of only that
surfaces of holding members 12, 13. If the folded edge
portion of the hair strand immediately adjacent the scalp,
31
of the end paper is engaged between members 12, 13
as would be necessary at a time following an initial wave 65 then the free end of each individual hair is similarly
when an unwaved portion has grown out from the scalp.
properly engaged.
If it is desired to rewave or initially wave only a
To accomplish this'the lower part of the portion to be
portion of the strand such as that which has grown out
waved is sandwiched between the holding members and
the remainder of the portion to be waved is then wound 70 from scalp 24 since the last previous wave then the low
ermost part 26 of this portion is engaged between hold~
around the outside as previously described. Thus that
ing members 12, 13, as shown in FIG. 2.
Iportion of the strand which has retained the benelits of
After a portion of the strand has been engaged between
3,086,535
3
4
claims which are to be interpreted as broadly as pos
members 12, 13 the remaining portion of the strand, be
tween the engaged portion and scalp 24, is folded around
the outside of both members by rolling members 12, 13
sible in view of the prior art.
I claim:
l. An implement for curling a hair strand having a
free end and a scalp end, said implement comprising
along the strand toward scalp 24 so as to wind the strand
around members 12, 13 in the manner shown in FIGS.
3, 4 and 5. The outside of each member 12, 13 is pro
longitudinal holding portions having flat opposite lateral
surfaces, said holding portions including means for en
gaging a portion of said hair strand, said holding por
vided with rounded longitudinal edges 1S (FIG. 6),
over which the strand is folded. By virtue of this con
tions having rounded longitudinal edges around which
struction the strand extends in curved ellipitical folds
said
strand is wound laterally in elliptical convolutions,
or convolutions around members 12, 13 (FIG. 5) rather 10 a rigid longitudinal locking member, means mounting
than in rectangular folds as would be the case if the
a first end of said locking member for movement of said
longitudinal edges were sharp rather than rounded. The
locking member between a first position alongside one of
elliptical folds produce gracefully curving waves whereas
said lateral surfaces and a second position alongside the
the rectangular folds would have resulted in unattrac
tive ridges.
15 other of said lateral surfaces when said strand is wound
When members 12, 13 have been rolled up along the
strand all the way to scalp 24 locking member 14, which
has heretofore been maintained in a separated position
extending away from the holding members (FIG. 2) so
as not to interfere with the winding operation, is moved 20
into position alongside holding member 13 against which
is folded 4that end portion 27 of the hair strand con
nected to scalp 24 so as to sandwich scalp end portion
27 between locking member 14 and the adjacent holding
on said holding portions and brought adjacent said scalp
end between said locking member and said lateral sur
face therealongside, and means for detachably connecting
said holding portions to a second end of said locking
member when said locking member is in either of said
positions.
2. An implement as recited in claim 1 wherein said
opposite lateral surfaces are disposed in substantially mu
tually parallel planes, said locking member comprises a
planar member disposed in a plane substantially parallel
25
to said lateral surfaces when in either of its locking po
member 13, as illustrated in FIGS. 3, 4 and 5.
If members 12, 13 had been rolled up along the strand
sitions, and said mounting means comprises means
so that their positions were the reverse of that shown in
mounting said locking member for movement in a plane
FIGS. 3, 4 and 5 and scalp end portion 27 was folded
perpendicular
to said planes of disposition.
against the outer surface of holding member 12 rather
3. An implement for curling a hair strand on a human
than member 13, locking member 14 could have been 30 head from the free end thereof to the scalp end thereof,
just as readily moved into an engaging position along
side holding member 12. Constructing the implement so
that locking member 14 can be moved along ring 17 to a
said implement comprising a pair of longitudinal planar
holding members for receiving thereabout a convoluted
portion of a strand of hair to be treated, a third longi
tudinal planar member arranged to act as a locking
strand of hair to be wound up much closer to the scalp 35
member
for said strand when the same is wound on
than would be possible if member 14 were not so mov
position alongside either holding member enables the
the holding members, all three of said members having
able.
first and second end portions, an aperture provided in
After the scalp end portion of the strand has been
each of said members adjacent their respective first end
sandwiched as described the locking member is fastened
portions,
a ring member extending transversely through
to the adjacent holding members. Referring to FIG. l, 40 all of said apertures in said first end portions to connect
each holding member 12, 13 has a longitudinally disposed
all of said members at said first end portions, said ring
bifurcation 19 at the loose end of the member and op
member
permitting movement of said holding members
posite the ring 17. Extending `transversely through a
into open and closed positions whereby said holding
loose end of locking member 14 and opposite ring 17 is a
members may be separated to receive therebetween a
pliable band 20. When all of the members 12, 13, 14 45 portion of said strand and then moved ot closed position
are disposed in side-by-side relation (FIGS. 3, 4, 5)
to engage and hold therebetween the engaged portion of
pliable band 20 is inserted through bifiurcations 19 on
said strand, said holding members being of such a
each holding member and then laterally around each
width and thickness and being provided with rounded
member 12, 13, 14, following which the opposite ends
longitudinal edges whereby when said strand of hair is
of the band are twisted together, thereby fastening the 50 laterally wound around said holding members substan
loose ends of all the members together and locking the
tially elliptical convolutions will be formed in the hair
wound-up strand against unwinding (FIGS. 3, 4, and 5).
strand, said ring member being mounted adjacent the
Each member 12, 13, 14 has a plurality of openings
free ends of said holding members and locking mem
21 extending transversely therethrough (FIG. l). When
ber so as to permit said locking member to move be
the members are fastened in side-by-side relation the 55 tween a first position alongside one of said holding mem
bers and a second position alongside the other of said
openings 21 on each member are substantially aligned
holding members when said holding members are dis
with the openings 21 on each of the other members to
posed in said closed position with the convoluted por
facilitate passage of waving solution upon application of
tion of the strand of hair arranged thereabout whereby the
the latter and thereby enable thorough saturation of the
60 said locking member may be arranged in position along
wound-up strand of hair.
side the particular holding member which will bring the
Each of the holding members 12, 13 may be provided
wound
strand of hair closest to the scalp, and means for
with respective longitudinally tapered portions 28, 22
detachably connecting all of said second end portions to
(FIG. l) adjacent the loose ends of the members. The
each other when said holding members are in their closed
strand may be wound around tapered portions 28, 22 to
65 position and said locking member is in either of its posi
produce a series of connected waves each consisting of
tions to lock said convoluted strand against uncoiling.
a multiplicity of individual hair portions varying in length
4. An implement, as recited in claim 3, wherein said
in accordance with the lateral dimension of that part of
holding members are disposed in substantially parallel
the tapered portions around which the individual hair
planes and said locking member is disposed in a plane
portion is wound.
70 substantially parallel to one of said holding members,
said ring member comprises means mounting each of said
It is to be understood that the specific embodiment
holding members and said locking member for pivotal
of the invention described above and shown in the draw
movement in their respective planes of disposition and
ing is merely illustrative of one of the many forms which
swinging movement in a plane perpendicular to their re
the invention may take in practice without departing from
the scope of the invention as defined in the appended 75 spective planes of disposition.
5
3,086,535
5. An implement, as recited in cliam 3, wherein said
locking member has an opening extending transversely
through its second end portion, each of said holding mem
bers has a longltudmally disposed bifurcation at its sec
6
holding members are in their closed position and said
locking member is in either one «of its locking positions.
References Cited in the iile of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
182,522
corresponding lateral extremities of all of
said members to lock said members together.
`6. An implement, as recited in claim 3, wherein each
of said holding members and locking member has a plu~ 10
rality `of openings extending transversely therethrough,
each of said openings being in substantial alignment with
an opening on each of the other members when said
3 81,133
789,041
1,562,869
2,559,995
Hart _______________ __ Sept. 26,
Hauss _______________ __ Apr. 17,
Martin ______________ __ May 2,
Comings ___________ __ Nov. 24,
Paul ________________ __ July 10,
1876
1888
1905
19Q5
1951
FOREIGN PATENTS
123,296
446,338
Great Britain _________ __ Feb. 20, 1919
Canada _____________ __ Jan. 20, 1948
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