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Патент USA US3086748

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April 23, 1963
J. J. LUBASH
3,086,738
ROTATING KITEI
Filed March 19, 1962
F757. .7
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
7
62k
10
INVENTOR.
l?/OHA/ J. LUBAS‘H
A TTO/QA/E V
April 23, 1963
3,086,738
J. J. LUBASH ’
ROTATING KITE
Filed March 19, 1962
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
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United States Patent 0
1
3,036,738
ROTATING KITE
John .I. Lubash, Gary, Ind., assignor of one-?fth to Ioseph
J. Liszczak, one-?fth to Raymond Preston, one-‘fifth to
Albert Shultz, and one-?fth to Sav Yover, all of Lake
County, Ind.
Fiied Mar. 19, 1962, Ser. No. 180,646
6 Claims. (Cl. 244—-153)
3,@86,738
Patented Apr. 23, 1963
Z
URE 5). Ribs 31} may be shaped to provide any desir
able contour to the peripheral rim portion or side 32
(FIGURE 3) of frame structure 12. Bracing means 33
(FIGURE 6) connect stringers 28 adjacent the distal
ends thereof and serve to impart rigidity to the frame
structure and provide support for divided stringers 34.
Stringers 34 are divided so that radial parts 36 thereof
connecting the quill 16 connect the bracing means 33 at
an angular displacement relative to the distal parts 38 of
This invention relates in general to aerial devices for 10 stringers 34. The angular displacement of the each radial
part 36 is in the same direction, that is either clockwise
or counterclockwise as shown in FIGURES 4 and 6. The
is maneuverable in ?ight.
distal parts 38 of stringers 34 carries ribs 40 which have
An object of my invention is to provide a kite which
the same rib shape or con?guration as ribs 30. Connect
is not only sustained in the air by air movement but is
15 ing the top ends of ribs 40 and end 20 of quill 16 are
also made to rotate thereby.
stringers 44 which angularly displaced relative to radial
Another object of my invention is to provide a kite
parts 36 and laterally aligned with distal part 38 of
which may be easily made to perform a variety of aerial
stringers 34.
maneuvers.
Connecting the distal ends of stringers 28 and 34 is
Still another object of my invention is to provide a kite
having component parts which may be economically 20 a thin, stiff wire loop 46. A second and third thin, stiff
wire loop 48 and 50, respectively, encircle the ribs 30 and
manufactured in the form of a kit for assembly thereof
40 and connect therewith at spaced points for supporting
with tools and materials ordinarily possessed by the aver
the
upstanding ribs 30 and 40 and also to provide sup
age householder.
port between the ribs for covering 52 (FIGURE 3). The
A further object of my invention is to provide a kite
having the con?guration and motion of a ?ying saucer. 25 ends of wire loops 46, 48 and 50 may be conveniently
held together by impaling their respective ends in the op
Other objects and advantages of my invention will be
posite ends of small blocks 3 of balsa wood as shown at
come more apparent from a careful study of the fol
54 in FIGURE 7. Of course, the ends of the Wire loops
lowing detailed description taken together with the draw
may be satisfactorily connected together in any convenient
ing which illustrate a preferred embodiment thereof.
30
manner such as by splicing or by soldering.
In the drawings:
The covering 52 for the frame structure 12 may in
FIGURE 1 is a side elevation of the present invention
amusement and more particularly to a rotating kite which
shown in ?ight; the connecting strings therefor being
broken to show the control stick,
FIGURE 2 is a bottom view of the present invention
as it would appear by viewing FIGURE 1 from the front
side or from left to right,
FIGURE 3 is a top view of this invention as it would
appear by viewing FIGURE 1 from a position directly
overhead,
FIGURE 4 is a plan elevation of the frame structure of
this invention,
FIGURE 5 is a sectional view of the frame structure
clude any thin, light weight membrane such as paper
tissue for the purpose of providing an airfoil surface.
Paper tissue is conventionally used for kites, therefore,
the covering comprehended for purposes of this descrip
tion will be paper tissue. The paper tissue covering 52
is adhered to and covers the bottom planular side 56 of
the frame structure 12 and the peripheral rim portion or
side 32 comprising the edges of upstanding ribs 30 and 40
and wire loops 46, 48 and 50. Rectangular paper tissue
van-es 58 (FIGURES 5 and 8) tautly connect the radial
parts 36 of stringers 34 and stringers 44. Openings 69
(FIGURE 2) are provided in the airfoil surface or paper
tissue covering the bottom side 56 of the frame structure
taken along line 6—6 of FIGURE 1 without the covering, 45 12 along the radial parts 36 of stringers 34 so that the
vanes 58, being slanted in the way of the air movement
FIGURE 7 is a sectional view of the frame structure
therethrough, are subjected to a counterclockwise com
taken along line 7——7 of FIGURE 1 without the covering,
ponent force, as viewed in FIGURE 4, to cause rotation
FIGURE 8 is a detail sectional view taken along line
of the frame structure 12 about its axis.
8-8 of FIGURE 4 showing a wind vane of the frame
50
Circular frame structure 12 is rotatably mounted on
structure,
taken along line 5—5 of FIGURE 4,
FIGURE 6 is a sectional view of the frame structure
FIGURE 9 is a front elevation of a control stick show
support rod 14 (FIGURES 1-3) which is inserted through
hole 18 of quill 16. Frame structure 12 is axial-1y re
tained in position on rod 14 by means of collars 62 and
FIGURE 10 is a side elevation of the control stick
64 ?xed thereto. Support rod 14 comprises a slender,
showing the component parts thereof positioned to allow
the kite holding strings free movement therethrough, and 55 elongated rod including a shaft portion 66 on which are
rotatably mounted and ?xed thereon circular frame 12
FIGURE 11 is a side elevation of the control stick
and spaced retainer collars 62 and 64, respectively, a tail
showing the component parts thereof positioned to pre
portion or end 68 slightly angulated with respect to the
vent the kite holding strings from moving therethrough.
shaft portion 66 and a mast portion or end 70 radically
Referring now to the drawings, the numeral 10 desig
nates generally the kite of my invention. It comprises 60 offset from the shaft portion 66 and approximately paral—
lel with the tail end 68. Stabilizing vanes 72 and 74 are
a circular frame structure 12 rotatably mounted on a
provided on the tail end 68 and mast end '70, respectively,
slender, elongated support rod 14. Circular frame struc
ing the spools of string associated therewith,
ture 12 is constructed from rigid, light weight material
of the support rod 14.
A slender, elongated cross-bar
76 integrally connects at its mid-point to the top end of
such as balsa wood. Its construction comprehends parts
connected together by means of cement. With reference 65 the mast end 79 and is orientated transversely thereto and
to the direction of the offset as above described.
to the ?gures, the circular frame structure 12 (FIGURES
The ends of said cross-bar 76 overhangs the frame
4 to 8) comprises a quill 16 having a shaft hole 18 longi
structure 12 and are adapted for connection with strings
tudinally therethrough. Laterally extending from op
78 and 80 (FIGURES 1-3). The end of tail portion
posed ends 20 and 22 of said quill 16 and radially ar
ranged therearound are stringers 26 and 28 respectively. 70 68 is adapted for connection with a third string 82. The
other ends of strings 78, 80 and 82 are fastened to the
Laterally spaced stringers '26 and 28 are laterally aligned
extremities of control stick 84 which has the general form
and are connected at their distal ends by ribs 30 (FIG
3,086,738
3
4
.
of a "it 'fprefer to provide a control stick 84 which will
easily-allow strings 78, St} and 32 to be played out so
vane means in said circular frame over said opening for
that my kite may be borne aloft to di?erent altitudes.
stabilizing vane means on. said tail end and said mast
impingement thereagainst by said. wind; .
A
preferred embodiment thereof is shown in FIGURES
end of said slender rod; and
9-11. Said control stick 84 is T-shaped having. a handle 5
portion 86 and cross-bar 90. It comprises congruent
parts 84a and 84b superposable so as to be coincident
,
.
said tail end of said rod and said opposed ends of said
transverse rod, being adapted for connecting thereto
string means for holding said kite in said Wind.
4. The kite of claim 3 wherein said circular frame
throughout. Said strings 78, 8t) and 82 may freely pass
through aligned holes §2', 94 and 38 until kite 16 reaches
comprises;
the desired altitude. At this time, part 84a is manually 10
a quill to journal on said shaft portion ofrsaid slender
slid over ‘part 845 to place holes 92, 94 and 88 out of
rod;
alignment and thereby Wedge strings 78, 80' and 82 there
a plurality of laterally spaced, radially extending
between to ?x the altitude of said kite 10.
stringers connecting said quill at their convergent
The kite may be manuevered by pulling one or a com
bination of strings 78, 30 and 82 either by manipulating 15
ends;
a plurality of rib members connecting the‘ divergent dis
tal ends of said spaced stringers; and
means for circumligating. said divergent distal ends. of
said stringers‘ and said rib members.
5. A rotatable kite for being‘ supported in the .wind
the control stick 84 or by manually pulling on one or
more of the strings. For‘ example, if control stick 84 is
moved so that cord 86 is pulled (FIGURES l and 2), kite
1.0 will be tilted and will revolve around the holder of
the control stick 84. If string 78 is pulled, then the 20 comprising;
revolution‘ will be in the other direction. If end 82 is
a slender rod comprising a tail- end, a mast end and a
shaft portion disposed therebetween;
'
a light circular frame rotatably mounted on said shaft
played out, kite 10 ‘will tend to ?oat downward or lose
altitude and if cord 82 is pulled back, the kite will gain
altitude. A variety of maneuvers may be accomplished
portion of said slender rod;
25' a transverse rod being ?xed to the mast end of said
by manipulating one or a combination of ‘the strings.
It will _be appreciated that applicant has provided a
slender rod, the opposed ends of said transverse rod
novel. aerial device in the nature of a kite and which
may be held aloft and there made to rotate and by
said circular frame comprising a quill to journal on
overhanging said circular frame;
manipulating the connecting strings may be made to per
said shaft portion of said slender rod;
form various maneuvers. Further, applicant’s kite is a 30
simple and sturdy structure which is easy to construct by
an average person without special tools.
While the preferred embodiment of this invention is
shown herein, it will be understood, of course, that the
invention is not limited thereto since many modi?cations 35
may be made in light of the foregoing disclosure. It is
contemplated, therefore, by the appended claims to cover
any such modi?cations as fall within the true spirit and
scopeof this invention.
' I claim:
,
40
l. A rotatable kite for being supported in the wind
a slender, elongated shaft;
a light, discoid member rotatably mounted on said
,
v
45
a rod being ?xed to one end of said shaft, the opposed
ends of said rod overhanging said discoid member;
said discoid member having an airfoil surface;
vane means on said discoid member for impingement
thereagainst by said Wind; and;
the other end of said shaft and said‘ opposed ends of
said rod being adapted for connecting thereto string
means for holding said kite in said wind.
2. The rotatable kite in claim t1 characterized by said
discoid member having at least one opening for the pas 55
sage of wind through said member and said vane means
Within said airfoil surface are aligned with said opening
for impingement thereagainst by said wind.
3. A rotatable kite for being supported in the Wind
comprising;
a slender rod comprising a tail end, a mast end and a
shaft portion disposed therebetween;
a light circular frame rotatably mounted on said shaft
portion of said slender rod;
a transverse rod being ?xed to the mast end of said
slender rod, the opposed ends of said transverse rod
overhanging said circular frame;
said circular frame comprises spaced planular sides and
ers connecting said quill at their convergent ends;
a plurality of ribs connecting said spaced stringers at
their divergent distal ends;
7
~
bracing means connecting said stringers of one of said
laterally spaced plurality of stringers;
‘
a plurality of radially extending stringer parts connect
ing said quill at their convergent ends and cennecn
ing said bracing means at their distal ends;
a‘ plurality of radially extending second‘ stringer; parts
connecting said bracing means at their convergent
ends, said second stringer parts being angularly dis
placed relative to said ?rst mentioned stringer parts
connecting said quill;
comprising;
shaft;
‘
laterally spaced, radially extending, plurality of string
a plurality of radially extending‘ second stringers‘ con
necting said quill at their convergent ends, said sec‘
ond stringers'being laterally‘ spaced from‘sa'id; second
stringer parts and’ laterally aligned therewith, said
second stringers being laterally spaced and angu
larly displaced relative to saidl?rst mentioned stringer
parts;
a plurality of second ribs connecting said laterally
spaced second stringers and said second stringer
parts;
circumligating means connecting the distal ends of said
second stringer parts and said ?rst mentioned string
ers of said one of said laterally spaced plurality of
stringers, and said ?rst mentioned ribs and said sec
ond ribs at spaced points;
,
a tissue material covering‘ for said ?rst mentioned and
second stringer parts, said‘ bracing means, said cir
cumligating means, and said ribs to provide an air
foil surface;
said airfoil surface having a plurality of openings ad.
jacent said ?rst mentioned stringer parts; and
vane means connecting said ?rst mentioned stringer
parts and said second stringers which are angularl-y
displaced therefrom whereby said vane means are
leaning over said openings, for impingement there
a peripheral side;
against by said wind.
70
said circular frame having a covering to provide an
6. The combination of the kite of claim 5‘ which is
airfoil surface on one of said planular sides and said
further characterized by said tail end and the opposed
peripheral side;
ends of said transverse rod being adapted for connecting
said airfoil surface of said planular sidehaving at least
thereto string means; of
75
one opening for the passage of wind therethrough;
a handle having a cross-bar;
3,086,738
the extremities of said handle and cross-bar having
apertures for passing therethrough said string means;
a second handle having a cross-bar;
the extremities of said second handle and cross-bar
6
said openings in the extremities of said handle and
cross-bar being selectively in or out of alignment
whereby said string means may freely pass there
through or secured therebetween.
having apertures for passing therethrough said string 5
means;
one of said handles having a slotted opening;
the other of said handles having a stud connecting said
one of said handles and slidably movable in said
slotted opening; and
10
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
2,793,829
2,835,462
Bnmm?eld ___________ __ May 28, 1957
Martin ______________ __ May 20, 1958
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