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Патент USA US3087202

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April 30, 1963
3,087,193
H. E. ESKRIDGE ETAL
ELONGA'II'E HINGE HAVING CENTERING MEANS
Filed May 17, 1961
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3,087,193
ELGNGATE HINGE HAVXNG CENTERENG MEANS
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Patented Apr. 30, 1953
2
awning to positioning frame means therefor, or it could
be used for positioning casement, awning-type, or, other
windows ‘on associated frame or anchor means therefor,
or for both horizontally or vertically pivoted doors, or
the like.
Attention now is directed to the details of the construc
tion shown in the accompanying drawings, and a door
is indicated as a whole by the numeral 1. A door frame
is indicated ase a whole by the numeral 2 and the door
‘This invention relates to elongate hinge constructions,
1 is pivotally received in such door frame and is secured
and especially to a continuous or elongate hinge wherein
thereto by the hinge means described hereinafter in more
the portions of the hinge are formed integrally with other
detail.
structures such as door stiles, and Z-bars, or jamb liner
PEG. 2 of the drawings best brings out the fact that
rails.
a
door
stile 3 is provided for the door 1 and such door
The general object of the present invention is to pro
vide a novel and improved hinge construction, character 15 stile may be of any desired construction and be associated
Harold E. Eskridge, Barberton, and Waldo 0. Johnson,
Wooster, Ghio, assignors to Weather-Seal, 1212., Bar
berton, Ohio
Filed May 17, 1961, Ser. No. 110,793
7 Claims. (Cl. 16-—136)
ized by the integral formation of the hinge pintle and
socket members with door stiles, sash rails, or similar
members and associated frame or liner rail means, or the
like and wherein a continuous, attractive, serviceable
hinge construction having centering means therein is 20
provided.
Another object of the invention is to provide ‘special
low friction plastic bushings in an elongate metal hinge
' construction wherein the bearing contact takes place be
with the remaining portion of the door 1 in a conventional
manner. However, preferably this door stile 3 is made
of metal by extrusion and a hinge pintle 4, usually cylin
drical in cross section, is formed integrally with the
door stile 3 and connects thereto by means of a con
nector ?ange, or section 5 extending between the hinge
pintle and remainder of the door stile. The hinge pintle
4 extends substantially the length of the door stile 3 and,
as an important feature, has end sections or extensions 6
tween the low ‘friction plastic bearings and associated 25 provided thereon where the pintle extends axially beyond
the adjacent portions of the ?ange 5.
metal means rather than metal-to-metal contact, and when
In the present invention, a Z-bar or side jamb liner
plastic bearing plugs retain the hinge means in assembled
rail 7 is provided and normally is made from metal.
relation.
Preferably this jamb liner rail 7 is made by extruding
Another object of the invention is to provide plastic
aluminum, or other suitable metal to a desired contour.
bearings that secure associated metal hinge members
together.
A further object of the invention is to provide plastic
bearings in an elongate hinge with means for carrying
a lubricant, such as para?in wax, in the hinge.
Still another object of the invention is to provide special
extruded metal shapes in elongate hinge constructions
and wherein a hinge pintle has one or two end extensions
The jamb liner rail 7 is adapted to be secured to a side
jamb 8, or other equivalent framing member in a house
or other building to which the door frame 2 is to be
secured. The jamb liner rail 7 preferably has a hinge
socket 9 formed integrally therewith, which hinge socket
has an open ended arcuate surface 10 provided therein.
The arcuate surface ltl has a slot or opening 11 extending
longitudinally of and the length of the jamb liner rail 7
thereon for engaging bearing plugs for centering action
connecting thereto. The hinge socket ‘9 is, it will be
in the assembled hinge.
The foregoing and other objects and advantages of the 40 seen, formed integrally with a second hinge member, i.e.
invention will be made more apparent as the speci?cation
proceeds.
In order to understand the invention more thoroughly,
reference should be had to the accompanying drawings,
wherein:
FIG. 1 is an elevation of a door and frame means em
bodying the principles of the invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged exploded view of the parts form
ing one end of the hinge of the invention; and
FIGS. 3 and 4 are enlarged horizontal sections taken
on lines 3—3, and 4—4», respectively, of FIG. 1.
When referring to corresponding parts shown in the
the jamb liner rail 7 in this instance.
Another important feature of the hinge construction
of the invention is that a hollow, cylindrical, low fric
tion bearing 12 is provided for the pintle 4 and extends
at least substantially the length thereof. The bearing 12
preferably is made from any suitable plastic material, such
as polyvinyl chloride resins, nylon or other hard smooth
surfaced, low friction plastic substances.
The bearing 12 preferably is secured to the hinge
pintle 4 as by one or more pins 13 extending through
the ?ange 5 to securely hold the bearing 12 in engagement
therewith and to prevent undesirable longitudinal move
ment of the bearing. The bearing 12 is provided with an
drawings and referred to in the speci?cation, correspond
ing numerals are used to facilitate comparison there 55 inner dimension as to engage the periphery of the hinge
pintle 4 snugly whereas the outer diameter of the hear
between.
ing 12 is such that the bearing is snugly received in the
The present invention, broadly speaking, relates to a
hinge socket ‘9 on the arcuate surface 10 thereof but
hinge comprising 1a member having an arcuate hinge
with clearance being provided therebetween to permit
socket and having a slot extending the length of the mem
ber and connecting to the hinge socket, a second mem 60 pivotal movement. Thus the bearing 12 positions the
ber having a hinge pintle thereon, the second member
having a ?ange connecting the pintle to the remainder
thereof, a cylindrical low friction plastic bearing carried
by and secured to the pintle and engaging the hinge socket
hinge pintle and associated means in the hinge pintle
socket for smooth, arcuate, low friction movement of the
hinged members, and any metal-to-metal pivotal con
tact is avoided.
to connect the second member to the ?rst member for
Preferably to engage the door and the hinge pintle 4
pintle end extensions thereon, and bearing means posi
bers will be telescopically slid into engagement from an
open end of the hinge socket 9.
relative pivotal movement therebetween, the pintle having 65 with the jamb liner rail 7, and hinge socket 9, such mem
tioned on the ?rst member and engaging the pintle ex
The connector ?ange 5 extends through the slot 11
tensions for bearing and centering action.
which normally is of about 90° to 110° in extent and con
It should be appreciated that the present invention can
be used for pivotally positioning any two members in 70 trols the amount of pivotal movement of the door v1.
By this invention, suitable means, such as a nylon plug
desired relationship to each other. Thus, the hinge means
bearing 14, is positioned in the pintle socket 9 at both ends
of the invention could be used for pivotally securing an
3,087,193
4
3
of the jamb liner rail 7 in order to provide a support
hearing, or member to aid in supporting the weight of
the door 1 on the frame means provided therefor, and also
tegrally with the door stile 3, but the construction shown
in FIG. 3 of the drawings is the preferred construction for
the hinge means of the invention. These hinge members,
.to center the door 1 in the hinge.
The bearings 14, at the
ends of the door 1, may be made from suitable low fric
it will be seen, are formed integrally with the remaining
liner rail 7 by suitable means, such as a screw 16.
therefor and this greatly facilitates assembly and installa
portions of the members to be pivotally secured together,
and the elongate hinge and socket construction form an
tion material, such as nylon and have center bores or aper
attractive, effective hinge means that are sturdy and will
tures 15 at least on their axially inner ends. Such aper
give an effective service life. It will be realized that no
tures 15 receive the pintle ends or extensions 6 therein.
special positioning means are required to secure the‘
It will be realized that the bearing plugs 14 can be
‘secured in position in the hinge socket of the door jamb 10 door, casement sash or the like, to a positioning member
The
center bores 15 provided in these bearing plugs or bear
ings naturally would usually be a little deeper than the
length of the pintle ends 6 so that in some instances a
tion of doors and casement sashes to frame means there
for.
In view of the foregoing, it is belived that a novel and
sliding bearing engagement may be obtained between the 15 improved'elongate hinge has been provided. This hinge
has good operative clearance but yet an accurate center
lower end of the ?ange 5 where a portion thereof is
ing action is obtained in the hinge so that the door 1 is
removed as at 17, FIG. 2, to form the pintle end exten
positively held in position. The hinge is substantially air
sion. Thus any desired length or part of this connector
tight and ‘has good service life. Thus it is believed that
‘?ange or section 5 of the door stile is suitably removed
after the member has been extruded to desired shape 20 the objects of the invention have been achieved.
and cut to size. One then can determine whether the
pintle end 6 should merely bottom in the recess or center
bore '15 for a thrust bearing or normal support action
This application is a continuation-in-part of our co
pending application Serial No. 722,994, now Patent No.
3,015,839 granted January 9, 1962.
While one complete embodiment of the invention has
therein, or whether it is desired to have the edge of the
?ange 5 at 17 bear against the upper surface of the lower 25 been disclosed herein, it will be appreciated that modi
?cation of this particular embodiment of the invention
one of these bearings 14. Usually the door and door stile
may be resorted to without departing from the scope of
3 are so engaged with the bearing means provided there
the invention as de?ned in the appended claims.
for, that, for example, the lower bearing 14 would be
What is claimed is:
secured to the door jamb liner rail 7 prior to assembly of
1. In a hinge, 1a ?rst metal member having an integral
the hinge and door components. Then after the door has 30
hinge socket with an arcuate surface ‘of more than 180°
‘been positioned in engagement with the hinge socket
and having a slot extending the length of the member and
through use of the bearing 12 and other means, the top
connecting to both of the margins of the arcuate surface
bearing member 14, FIG. 1, would be engaged with the
of the hinge socket so that the circumferential extent of
upper end of the pintle 4 by sliding it into the open top
end of the pintle socket to engage the exposed pintle end 35 said slot determines the arcuate surface length of said
hinge socket, a second metal member having an integral
6 after which a suitable screw or member like the member
cylindrical pintle thereon and extending at least substan
16 would be used to ?x the nylon plug bearing 14 in
tially the length thereof, said ?rst metal member being
position at the upper end of the door jamb liner rail
vertically positioned and said second metal member being
whereby usually substantially no, or a very slight vertical
part of a vertically positioned door, said second metal
movement of the door 1, as positioned for pivotal action,
is permitted.
member having a ?ange connecting said pintle to the re
It will be understood that the bearing 12 must have
mainder thereof, said metal members being of substan
some clearance between it and the hinge socket 10‘ in
tially the same lengths and said second metal member
which it is positioned for pivotal action so that a conven
being free to move longitudinally of said ?rst metal mem—
ient easy swinging action for the door is obtained. How
her, ‘a hollow cylindrical low friction plastic bearing car
ever, in order to limit any undesired movement or loose
'ried by said pintle ‘and engaging surfaces of said hinge
ness of the door 1, the pintle ends, or extensions 6 engage
with the centering apertures or bores 15 in the end bear
ings 14 at the top and bottom of the door so that the door
pintle and said hinge socket to connect said second metal
member to said ?rst member for relative pivotal movement
is accurately centered in position but still appreciable
operative clearance is permitted between the bearing 12
and its hinge socket.
Naturally the pins 13 can be cemented in place, or
merely be retained in place by a force ?t, or otherwise,
as desired. It also should be noted that longitudinally
extending grooves 18 are provided in the periphery of this
bearing 12. Thus prior to assembly of the bearing into
the hinge socket, some suitable solid lubricant, such as
paraf?n wax may be applied thereto. This wax will stay
therebetween, said plastic bearing having a slot therein
through which said ?ange extends, said pintle having a
larger diameter than the thickness of said ?ange to retain
said bearing thereon, said pintle being engageable with
said hinge socket only by relative telescopic movement
between said ?rst and second metal members with said
bearing being operatively engaged with one of said metal
members prior to such telescopic movement, said pintle
having end pintle extensions protruding axially beyond
immediately adjacent portions of said ?ange on said sec
ond metal member, and bearing means at both ends of
in position inde?nitely and will aid in obtaining free
said
?rst metal member and secured within said hinge
pivotal action for the door in the hinge socket provided. 60.. socket to extend axially thereof ‘for bearing engagement
It thus will be seen that the invention provides a hollow
with at least one edge of said ?ange, said bearing means
cylindrical hearing means of low friction characteristics to
each having a center bore therein for centering engagement
provide the bearing engagement between metal hinge
with said pintle extensions.
members, such as ones made from aluminum, or other
metals that may freeze when in intimate contact with
2. ‘In a hinge, a first metal member having an integral
hinge socket with an arcuate surface of more than 180°
other metal surfaces over long periods of time, and possi
bility of such freezing or galling is avoided.
and having a slot extending the length of the member and
connecting to both of the margins of the arcuate surface
of the hinge socket so that‘ the circumferential extent of
said slot determines the arcuate surface length of said
hinge-socket, a second metal member having an integral
pintle thereon and extending at least substantially the
length thereof, said second metal member having a ?ange
connecting said pintle to the remainder thereof, a hollow
The term plastic in this application is used to cover any
suitable hard but low friction plastic material from which
earings, like those described herein can be produced.
The invention contemplates that the male hinge mem
ber, or hinge pintle 4, if necessary or desired, can be
made an integral portion of the jamb liner rail and have
the hinge socket, or female hinge member formed in 75 cylindrical low friction plastic bearing carried by said
3,087,193
6
5
pintle and engaging surfaces of said hinge pintle and said
second metal members with said bearing being operatively
hinge socket to connect said second metal member to said
?rst metal member ‘for relative pivotal movement there
telescopic movement, said hinge being adapted to be posi
engage-d with one of said metal members prior to such
tioned on a vertical axis, and a plastic bearing plug at
the lower end of the hinge and secured in said hinge
between, said bearing having a slot therein through which
said ?ange extends, said pintle having a dimension larger
than the thickness of said ?ange to retain said bearing
thereon, said pintle being engageable with said hinge
socket by relative telescopic movement between said ?rst
socket, said bearing plug having a centering bore provided
in the upper end thereof, said pintle having a lower end
section protruding axially beyond adjacent portions of
said ?ange and received in said centering bore.
and second metal members with said bearing being opera
5. A hinge as in claim 1 where said plastic hearing has
tively engaged with one of said metal members prior to 10
a plurality of axially extending parallel ribs on its periph
such telescopic movement, said metal members being ver
ery for receipt of lubricating material therein.
tically positioned, said pintle having a pintle end exten
6. In a hinge, a ?rst metal member having an integral
sion protruding axially downwardly beyond adjacent por
hinge socket with an open ended arcuate surface of more
tions of said ?ange on said second metal member, and
than 180° and having a slot extending the length of the
bearing means at the lower end of said ?rst metal member
member and connecting to both of the margins of the
and within said hinge socket to retain said members in
arcuate surface of the hinge socket so that the circumferen
assembled relation, said bearing means having a center
tial extent of said slot determines the arcuate surface
bore ‘therein for centering engagement with said pintle
length of said hinge socket, a second metal member hav
end extension
3. In a hinge, a ?rst metal member having an integral 20 ing an integral pintle thereon and extending at least sub
hinge socket with an arcuate surface of more than 180°
stantially the length thereof, said second metal member
and having a slot extending the length of the member and
connecting to both of the margins of the arcuate surface
of the hinge socket, a second metal member having an
having a ?ange connecting said pintle to the remainder
thereof, a hollow cylindrical low friction plastic bearing of
at least substantially the same length as said metal mem
integral cylindrical pintle thereon and extending at least 25 bers carried by said pintle and engaging said hinge pintle
and said hinge socket to connect and secure said second
substantially the length thereof, said ?rst metal member
metal member to said ?rst metal member for relative piv
being vertically positioned and said second metal member
otal movement therebetween, said bearing having a slot
being part of a vertically positioned door, said second
therein through which said ?ange extends, said pintle hav
metal member having a section connecting said pintle
to the remainder thereof, said metal members being of sub
stantially the same length, a hollow cylindrical low fric
30 ing end extensions thereon that extend axially beyond adj a
tion plastic bearing carried by said pintle and engaging
cent portions of said ?ange, and a plastic bearing plug se
cured in said hinge socket at each end thereof to retain said
surfaces of said hinge pintle and said hinge socket to con
members in assembled hinged engagement, said bearing
nect said second metal member to said ?rst metal member
plugs each having a center recess extending thereinto in
for relative pivotal movement therebetween, said bear-ing 35 the adjacent ends thereof and receiving said end exten
sions to aid in pivotally positioning said second metal
tends, means securing said bearing to said pintle, said
member.
7. (In a vertically positioned hinge, a ?rst metal mem
pintle being engageable with said hinge socket by relative
having a slot therein through which said section ex
telescopic movement between said ?rst and second metal
ber having an integral hinge socket with an open ended
members with said bearing being operatively engaged with 40 arcuate surface of more than 180° and having a slot ex
one of said metal members prior to such telescopic move
ment, said pintle having pintle extensions protruding
tending the length of the member and connecting to both
of the margins of the arcuate surface of the hinge socket
axially beyond adjacent portions of said section on said
so that the circumferential extent of said slot determines
the arcuate surface length of said hinge socket, a second
second metal member, and bearing means at both ends
of said ?rst metal member and secured within said hinge 45 metal member having an integral pintle thereon and ex
socket to extend axially thereof, said bearing means each
tending at least substantially the length thereof, said sec
having a center bore therein on adjacent ends thereof for
ond metal member having a ?ange connecting said pintle
centering engagement with said pintle extensions.
to the remainder thereof, a hollow cylindrical low fric
4. In ‘a hinge, a ?rst metal member having an integral
tion plastic bearing of at least substantially the same length
hinge socket with an arcuate surface of more than 180°
as said metal members carried by said pintle and engaging
and having a slot extending the length of the member and
said pintle and said hinge socket to connect and secure said
connecting to both of the margins of the arcuate surface of
second metal member to said ?rst metal member for rela
the hinge socket so that the circumferential extent of said
tive
pivotal movement therebetween, said bearing hav
slot determines the arcuate surface length of said hinge
socket, a second metal member having an integral pintle 55 ing a slot therein through whcih said ?ange extends, said
pintle having an end extension thereon that extends
thereon and extending at least substantially the length
axially beyond adjacent portions of said ?ange and of said
thereof, said second metal member having a ?ange con
necting said pintle to the remainder thereof, said metal
members being of substantially the same lengths and said
second metal member being free to move longitudinally
of said ?rst metal member, a hollow cylindrical low fric
tion plastic bearing of at ‘least substantially the same length
as said metal members carried by said pintle and engaging
surfaces of said hinge pintle and said hinge socket to con
plastic bearing, said hinge socket having a vertical axis,
and a plastic bearing plug secured in said hinge socket
metal member for relative pivotal movement therebetween,
said bearing having a slot therein through which said
?ange extends, said pintle having a larger outer dimension
than the thickness of said ?ange to retain said bearing
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
nect and secure said second metal member to said ?rst 65
at the lower end thereof to retain said members in assem
bled hinged engagement, said bearing plug having a center
recess therein at its upper end receiving said end exten
sion to aid in pivotally positioning said second metal
member.
thereon, said pintle being engageable with said hinge sock_ 70
2,683,892
2,691,803
German ______________ __ July 20, 1954
Keebler ______________ __ Oct. 19, 1954
et by relative telescopic movement between said ?rst and
2,828,668
De Angelis ____________ __ Apr. 1, 1958
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