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Патент USA US3087376

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April 30, 1963
J. o‘ STULTS
3,087,366
PERFORATING APPARATUS
Filed May 27, 1959
47
49
52
24
24
23 22 /§FIG
20 2;!‘I
INVENTOR.
JOHN O- STULTS
2f
A TTORNE Y
Unite
3,087,366
rates
Patented Apr. 30, 1963
2
1
3,087,366
PERFORATING APPARATUS
John 0. Stults, Dayton, Ghio, assignor to Dayton Ma
chine Tool Company, Dayton, Ghio, a corporation of
Ohio
support 13. The support 13 may be formed integrally
with the base plate .12 or formed separately and secured
to the base plate 12 in any feasible manner. The sup
port 13 includes an integral tapering support rib ‘14 ex
tending from one side thereof and a horizontal plate-like
portion 15 projecting from the other side thereof. A
substantially cylindrical portion 16 is formed integrally
with the support '13 and extends vertically upwardly from
the plate-like portion 115. It is to be understood that
This invention relates to an improved perforating ap
paratus, and, in particular, this invention relates to an 10 the various parts 12—16 of the frame 11 could be formed
Filed May 27, 1959, Ser. No. 816,323
1 Claim. (Cl. 83—145)
improved apparatus for cancelling articles by perforating
the same.
Heretofore, many types of apparatus have been pro
vided for cancelling articles, such as checks, premium
separately or integrally as desired.
A lower support plate 17 is secured to the base plate
‘12 in any feasible manner whereby the plate 17 en
compasses a substantially rectangularly-shaped opening
trading stamp books, and the like, whereby the cancelled 15 18 passing vertically through the base plate '12. The
lower support plate 17 has a pair of opposed flat surfaces
article cannot ‘be subsequently used as the same readily
19 and 20* interrupted by a plurality of apertures 21
gives the appearance of being void or cancelled. Cer
passing vertically therethrough. It is to be understood
tain of the prior ‘known apparatus each comprises a
that one or more apertures 21 may be provided, if
structure whereby the particular article to be cancelled
is placed on a support plate of the apparatus and a 20 desired, and the apertures 21 could be arranged in any
punch mechanism is moved against the article and forms
desired pattern.
The perforating apparatus 10 is adapted to be set up
a plurality of perforations through the article whereby
right on the base plate 12 in the position illustrated in
the same is cancelled.
FIGURE ‘1 by placing the base plate 12 on a counter,
Therefore, it is one of the objects of the present inven
tion to provide an improved apparatus adapted to cancel 25 table, or the like. If desired, the perforating apparatus
10 may be supported independently in an upright posi
articles by perforating the same.
tion on a floor or other surface by respectively securing
It is another object of the present invention to pro
a pair of inverted U-shaped elements 22 to the opposed
vide an improved apparatus which is relatively inexpen
ends of the bottom of the base plate 112, the elements
sive, rugged, and the like, and which is adapted to force
22 being secured to the base plate 12 by a plurality of
a plurality of punch members through an article re
bolts 23 whereby the depending portions 24 of the U
ceived in the apparatus whereby a plurality of openings
shaped members 22 provide suitable support legs for the
are formed in the particular article.
Another object of the present invention is to provide
apparatus 10‘.
A bore 25 is ‘formed vertically through the cylindrical
to manufacture, sturdy, relatively free from expensive 35 and plate-like portions 16 and »15 of the support 13 and
telescopically receives an axially movable cylindrical
maintentance and replacement parts costs, long-lasting,
an improved apparatus which is relatively inexpensive
andv the like, and which is adapted to manually force a
plurality of punch members through an article received
in the apparatus with a minimum of effort regardless of
whether the article comprises a plurality of sheets of
paper, such as a premium trading stamp book or the
shaft or rod 26 secured to a horizontally disposed plate
27 and having a free end 28 projecting vertically up
wardly through the bore 25.
The upper plate 27 has a pair of opposed flat surfaces
29 and 30 interrupted by a plurality of openings 31 pass
like, or other perforatable material, such as metal and the
like.
ing vertically through the plate 27 and being adapted re
; Other objects, uses and advantages of the present in
off pins 32 projecting vertically downwardly from the
spectively to telescopically receive a plurality of knock
vention will become apparent upon a reading of the 45 plate-like portion 15 of the support 13. Each knock
following speci?cation taken in conjunction with the ac
off pin 32 may be secured to- the support 13 in any
companying drawing forming a part thereof and where
desired manner, and in the embodiment illustrated each
knock-off pin 32 has a small cylindrical projection 33
in:
received Within a cooperating bore 34 passing vertically
FIGURE 1 is a side elevation view of an apparatus
formed in accordance with the teachings of this inven 50 through the plate-like portion 15. Each projection 33
of the respective knock-off pin 32 may be press-?tted
tion;
'
FIGURE 2, is a fragmentary front view of one of the
in the respective bore 34 or fastened therein by welding,
punch members carried by the apparatus of FIGURE 1;
soldering, or the like.
FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary front view illustrating 55 A plurality of punch members 35 is suitably secured
certain operating parts of the apparatus of FIGURE 1.
to the plate 27 and extends vertically downwardly from
FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view of
the apparatus of FIGURE ‘:1 and illustrates the same
the lower surface 30 thereof. Each punch member 35 in
cludes an integral projection 36 (see FIGURES 1 and
2) suitably secured within a cooperating bore 37 formed
perforating article and,
in the plate 27, and a tapering Wedge-like portion 38
FIGURE 5 is a view similar to FIGURE 4 and illus
trates the apparatus of FIGURE 1 after the same has 60 adapted to perform the perforating operation later de
perforated the article.
scribed.
'
members 35 may be utilized as desired, the only factor
Reference is now made to the accompanying drawing
It is to be understood that one or more punch
wherein like reference numerals are used throughout the
determining the number of punch members 35 utilized
various ?gures thereof to designate like parts where ap 65 is the number of cooperating apertures 21 formed in
propriate, and particular reference is made to FIGURE 1
the plate ‘17. Further, the punch members 35 may be
arranged in any desired pattern to produce perforations
illustrating a perforating apparatus formed in accordance '
arranged in a particular pattern, such ‘as de?ning a word
with theteachings of this invention and generally indi
or Words or the like.
cated by the reference number 10.
A pair of spaced lugs 39 extends outwardly from the
The perforating apparatus. 10 includes a frame, gen~ 70
upper end of, the support 13 of the frame 11 and may
erally. indicated by the reference numeral 11, comprising
be formed integrally therewith or formed separately and
a base plate or member ‘12 and an ‘upwardly extending
3,0 eve-ea
3
secured thereto in any suitable manner. The lugs 39
are disposed parallel to each other whereby an end 40
of a handle ‘41 is adapted to be received therebetween
and pivoted thereto by a suitable pivot shaft 42 passing
respectively through suitable v‘apertures formed in one
of the lugs 39, the end 40‘ of the handle 41, and the
other lug 39. A substantially triangularly-shaped cam
43 is pivoted to the frame 11 by having one end 44 there
of received between the lugs 39 and pivotally secured
thereto by a suitable pivot shaft 45 passing through suit
able apertures formed respectively in one of the lugs 39,
4
30 of the plate 27 makes engagement with the article 57,
further movement of the plate 27 vertically downwardly
is prevented.
After the article 57 has been perforated in the manner
set forth above, the handle 41 is pivoted towards the
position illustrated in full lines in FIGURE 1. As the
handle ‘41 is pivoted to the right, the plate 27 is moved
vertically upwardly away from the lower support plate 17.
However, since the punch members 35 have been forced
through the article 57, the article 57 becomes attached to
the punch members 35 and is carried upwardly with the
plate 27. As the plate 27 moves vertically upwardly, the
knock-off pins 32 are respectively received in the openings
31 formed in the plate 27 whereby the knock-off pins 32
the end 44 of the cam 43, and the other lug 39.
Another end 46 of the cam 43 is pivotally connected
to a pair of handle links‘ 47 in the following manner.
Each handle link 47 is disposed on a different side of 15 subsequently project through the plate 27 against the
article 57. As shown in FIGURE 5, the knock-off pins
the cam 43 and has an end 48 pivoted to the end 46 of
32 are adapted to force article 57 oif of the punch mem
the cam 43 by a suitable pivot shaft 49 passing through
bers 35 whereby the same will drop to the lower support
suitable apertures formed respectively in the respective
plate 17 and be subsequently removed therefrom.
handle link 47, the end 46 of the cam 43, and the end
Therefore, it can be seen that an improved perforating
48 of the other handle link 47. Each handle link ‘47 20
apparatus has been disclosed which is not only relatively
is disposed on a different side of the handle 41 at a
inexpensive to manufacture and maintain but that is also
point spaced from the end 40 thereof and is pivotally
adapted to perforate an article with a minimum of effort
secured thereto by a suitable pivot shaft 50 passing through
and time.
suitable apertures formed respectively in the end 51 of
While the apparatus 10 has been described as operating
the respective handle link 47, the handle 41, and the 25
with various manual steps, it is'to be understood that it
end 51 of the other handle link 47.
is contemplated that the same could operate automatically,
A pair of shaft links 52 interconnect the cam 43‘ with
if desired.
the free end 28 of the shaft 26 in the following manner.
While the foregoing presents a preferred embodiment
Each shaft link ‘52 is disposed on a different side of the
cam 43 and has an end 53 pivotally secured to the medial 30 of the invention, it is obvious that modi?cations and/or
equivalents may be employed without departing from the
depending portion of the cam 43 by a suitable pivot
scope of the invention, which is de?ned in the appended
shaft 54 passing through suitable apertures formed re
claim.
spectively in the end 53 of the respective shaft link 32, the
What is claimed is:
cam 43, and the end 53 of the other shaft link 52. The
A perforating apparatus comprising a frame, a ?rst
other end 55 of each shaft link 52 is disposed on a differ
plate
carried by and immovably ?xed to said frame, said
ent side of the free end 28 of the shaft 26 ‘and is pivoted
first plate having a pair of opposed surfaces and a plu
thereto by a suitable pivot shaft 56 passing through suit
rality of apertures interrupting at least one of said sur
able apertures formed respectively in the end ‘55 of the
respective shaft link 52, the free end 28 of the shaft 26, 40 faces, a support carried by and immovably ?xed to said
frame, said support being spaced from said one surface
and the end 55 of the other shaft link 52.
of said ?rst plate and having a surface disposed substan
In this manner, when the handle 41 is manually grasped
tially parallel to said ?rst plate and having a bore pass
and pivoted to the left from the position illustrated in full
ing therethrough, a plurality of blunt-tipped stripper pins
lines to theposition illustrated in dotted lines in FIGURE
extending from said support toward but terminating short
1, the links 47 and 52 and the cam ‘43 translates the piv
of said ?rst plate, a second plate disposed substantially
otal movement of the handle 41 into axial movement of
parallel to said ?rst plate and said support surface having
the shaft 26 whereby the shaft 26 is moved vertically
a pair of opposed surfaces and having a plurality of open
downwardly ‘and thus the plate 27 is moved vertically
ings passing through said surfaces thereof and each being
downwardly toward the other plate 17 of the apparatus
‘10. Similarly, when the handle 41 is pivoted from the 50 adapted to telescopically receive one of said stripper pins,
one of said surfaces of said second plate facing said one
position illustrated in dotted lines to the position illus
surface of said first plate and having a plurality of punch
trated in full lines in FIGURE 1, the links 47 and 52
members immovably ?xed to and extending therefrom, an
and cam 43 translates the pivotal movement of the handle
axially movable shaft secured to said second plate and
41 into axial movement of the shaft 46 whereby the shaft
having
a free end extending ‘from the other surface there
and plate 27 are moved vertically upwardly away from 55
of through said bore of said support, and a handle piv
the plate 17 .
otally secured to said frame and operatively intercon
The operation of the perforating apparatus 1% will now
nected to said ‘free end of said shaft whereby movement
be described. An article, generally indicated by the ref
of said handle in one direction causes said second plate
erence numeral 57 (see FIGURES 4 and 5), is placed
on top of the upper surface 19 of the lower support plate 60 to move out of telescoping engagement with said stripper
pins toward said ?rst plate in order to force said punch
v17 when the plate 27 is in its raised position as illustrated
members into said apertures ‘and whereby movement of
in full lines in FIGURE ‘1. As previously stated, the
said handle in the other direction causes said second plate
article 57 may comprise a check, premium trading stamp
to move away from said ?rst plate and telescopically re
book, a metal member, orthe like, which is desired to
be cancelled by perforating the same. After the article 65 ceive said pins in said openings so that the said pins ex
tend through said second plate to engage and strip a work
57 has been placed on the lower support plate 17, the
piece from said punch members.
handle 41 is pivoted to the position illustrated in dotted
lines in FIGURE 1 whereby the plate 27 is moved ver
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
tically downwardly toward the lower support plate '17 in
UNITED STATES PATENTS
the manner previously described. As shown in FIGURE 70
4, when the plate 27 is moved downwardly toward the
486,906
Stenwell _____________ _.. Nov. 29, 1892
plate 17, the punch members 35 carried by the plate 27
711,435
Morris _______________ __ Oct. 14, 1902
are forced vertically through the article 57 and are respec
tively received within the cooperating apertures 21 formed
in the lower support plate 17. When the lower surface 7
720,425
2,035,448
Hedgepeth ____________ __ Feb. :10, 1903
Andersson ___________ .... Mar. 311, 1936
2,612,052
Gray ________________ __ Sept. 30, 1952
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