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Патент USA US3087382

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April 30, 1963
e. |_. MITTELSTEADT
3,087,372
RELOADING TOOL
Filed Aug. 9, 1961
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22
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27 26
IN VEN TOR.
GLEW L. MTTELSTEADT
BY
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ATTORNEYS’
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Unite
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asstsiz
Patented Apr. 30, 19,63
1
2
3,087,372
posed guide surface, the function of which will be dis
closed herein below.
A conventional die holder 22 is integrally formed with
the upper terminal portion of the channel portion 20' and
is also integrally formed with the horizontal portion 15a
of the reinforcing rib 15. The die holder 22 is provided
RELOADING TOOL
Glenn L. Mittelsteadt, Waseca, Minn” assignor to Herter’s,
Inc., Waseca, Minn, a corporation of Minnesota
Fiied Aug. 9, 1961, Ser. No. 130,368
5 Claims. (Cl. 86—25)
This invention relates to manually operable type am
with a threaded recess 23 which is disposed in ‘coaxial
relation with respect to bore 19 and is adapted to receive
munition reloading tools and more particularly to an am~
therein conventional die structures used in the reloading
munition reloading tool having an actuating handle read 10 process. Generally speaking the dies utilized in the re
ily interchangeable between two positions so that down
loading process includes resizing dies, bullet seating dies
ward movement of the handle when in one position effects
and the conventional swaging dies.
upward thrust of the tool plunger, and upward move
The lower end of the guide member sleeve portion 18
ment of the handle when in the other position also causes
is bifurcated to de?ne a pair of depending ears 24, as best
upward thrust of the tool plunger.
15 seen in FIG. 1. It will also be seen that the reloading
An object of this invention is to provide a novel man
tool 10 includes an elongate substantially cylindrically
ually operable type, ammunition reloading tool, of sim
shaped plunger or ram 25 which is mounted for sliding
ple and inexpensive construction, and having an actuat
movement in the plunger guide member 16. When the
ing handle readily interchangeable between two positions
so that downward movement of the handle while in one
position effects upward thrust of the tool plunger, and
reloading tool 10 is mounted on a work bench or the
like, the guide surface for the plunger 25 will be disposed
in substantially vertical relation so that the plunger 25 is
slidably reciprocable in an upward thrust direction and in
upward movement of the handle when in the other posi
tion correspondingly causes upward thrust of the plunger.
a downward retractive direction with respect to the die
Another object of this invention is the provision of a
holder 22. It will also ‘be noted that plunger 25 has de
novel and improved shell sizing and reloading tool of the 25 tachably secured to the upper terminal portion thereof a
class described which through the use of the readily inter
shell holder 26 of conventional construction and having
changeable handle permits the user to accomplish highly
an outwardly opening slot 27 formed therein. Although
accurate reloading of various types and sizes of ammuni
not shown in the drawing the shell holder 26 has a re
tion shells.
duced threaded end portion which threadedly engages the
A further object of this invention is the provision of a
tapped threaded upper end of the plunger 25 in a manner
novel and improved shell-sizing and reloading tool having
well known in the art. Thus the shell holder 26 may be
an actuating handle readily interchangeable between two
readily removed from the upper end of the plunger 25
different positions of use, the interchangeability of the
and replaced with other shell holders to accommodate
actuating handle permitting the reloading operation to be
different kinds and ‘sizes of shells to be loaded. In this
carried out in a highly efficient step by step procedure in 35 connection it is pointed out that the shell is moved in to
cluding shell-sizing, primer removal and replacement, and
the outwardly opening slot 27 and is retained in the shell
bullet seating.
holder 26 in upstanding relation thereto. The shell hold
These and other objects and advantages of the inven
er also has an opening extending therethrough which is
tion will more fully appear from the following descrip
in communicating relation with ‘an elongate slot 28
tion made in connection with the accompanying draw 40 formed in the plunger 25.
ings, wherein like reference characters refer to the same
This slot 28 does not extend throughout the length of
or similar parts throughout the several views, and in
the plunger 25 and terminates somewhat short of the
which:
lower terminal end of the plunger. This slot 28 permits
FIG. 1 is a front perspective of my invention with cer
the removal of the spent primer of the shell and also is
45 essential in the replacement operation of the primer. To
tain parts thereof broken away for clarity; and
FIG. 2 is a side view on an enlarged scale of my in
this end it will be seen that the plunger guide 16 is pro
vention partly in section and partly in elevation with cer
vided with a pair of laterally projecting ears 29‘ to which
tain parts thereof broken away for clarity.
a primer arm 30 is pivotally connected by means of a
Referring now to the drawings it will be seen that the
pivot pin 31. The primer arm includes an inwardly ex
reloading tool, designated in its entirety by the reference 50 tending portion 32 having a primer rod 33 threadedly se
numeral 10, illustrated therein, includes a support 11 con
cured thereto. The primer rod is provided with a primer
structed of rigid metallic material and including a hori
cup 34, the latter being urged upwardly by means of a
primer rod spring 33a, as best seen in FIG. 1. Since this
zontal ?ange plate 12. The horizontal mounting plate 12
primer arm is of conventional construction, it is pointed
is suitably apertured at 13 to permit mounting of the re
loading tool upon a work bench or other types of board 55 out that the arm will be urged outwardly away from the
plunger ram 25 by resilient spring means (not shown) and
structure. It will also be seen that support 11 includes
that when the plunger arm carrying the cartridge has been
an upstanding ?ange 14 having integrally formed there
moved to its uppermost position the primer arm 36 may be
with an inclined reinforcing rib 15.
_
Integrally formed with the support 11 is a vertically 60 moved inwardly so that the primer rod and primer cup,
are disposed within the elongate recess 28 of the plunger
disposed plunger guide member or housing 16. It will be
ram 25. The primer cup of course will have disposed
seen that the plunger guide 16 extends downwardly be
therein the new primer so that subsequent downward
yond the horizontal mounting plate 12 and that depend
movement of the plunger 25 will result in replacing the‘
ing wing ?anges 17 extend between and integrally connect
removed spent primer.
the guide member with the horizontal mounting plate 12. 65
Means are provided for slidably reciprocating the
The plunger guide member includes a forward sleeve por
tion 18 having a substantially cylindrical bore 19 there
in and also includes an upper channel portion 20, the
plunger 25 and this means includes a toggle linkage 35, as
best seen in FIG. 2. ‘It will be seen that toggle linkage 35
includes a ?rst elongate link 36 pivotally connected at one
latter de?ning an arcuate guide channel 21‘ which is co
end to the lowermost end of the plunger 25 by means of
extensive with the bore 19. Thus the bore 19 and ar 70 a pivot pin 37. The other end of this ?rst link 36 is
cuate guide channel 21 de?ne a continuous vertically dis
pivotally connected to one end of a second toggle link
3,087,372
3
38 by means of a pivot pin 39. It Will be seen that the
second toggle link 38 is bifurcated to de?ne a pair of
spaced apart ears 38a, the last mentioned end of the ?rst
4
would, therefore, be desirable to ‘dispose the handle in the
position illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2. In this connection
it is pointed out that a swaging die may be readily mounted
in the die holder 22 in the manner in which the resizing
land bullet seating dies are mounted. Since the mounting
of these dies and- their particular construction is well
sectional con?guration and is pivotally connected inter
known in the shell reloading process, it is pointed out that
mediate its end by means of a pivot pin 40, the latter ex
a detailed description of the construction or" these dies
tending between the depending ears 24 of the guide mem
and the manner in which they are threadedly mounted
ber 18. Thus it will be seen that the toggle link 38 is
mounted for pivotal movement about a substantially hori 10 within the die holder 22 is thought to be unnecessary for
the instant application.
.
~
zontal transverse axis. It will also be noted that pivot
This neck recessing of the shell and removal of the
ing of the toggle link 38 results in the force being trans
spent primer may constitute one step in this shell loading
mitted through the toggle link 36 while ultimately recip
openation when several shells are to be reloaded. It is,
rocating the plunger 25.
thereafter, necessary to replace the removed primer with
The toggle linkage 35 is provided with an actuating han
the new primer. In this step of the operation, the primer
dle 41 to permit actuation thereof and this elongate ac
is placed within the primer cup 34 and the primer arm is,
tuating handle is constructed of a suitable metallic mate
thereafter, pivoted about its axis of pivot 31 until the
rial and has a suitable hand grip cover 42 disposed around
primer rod and primer cup are disposed Within the slot
one end thereof. The actuating handle 41 is detachably
connected to the second link 38 and is interchangeable 20 28 formed in the plunger 25. It is pointed out that the
plunger 25 will be disposed in its uppermost position when
between two positions of use. To this end it will be seen
the primer arm 30 is moved to be disposed within the
that the actuating handle 41 is provided with a reduced
primer cup within this elongate slot 28. Downward
threaded male element 43 projecting longitudinally from
movement of the plunger 25 will cause the primer cup to
one end thereof and it is threadedly engaged with a coop
erating recess 44 formed in one end of the second link 38. 25 abut against the bottom of the shell case while the primer
rod or pin will be moved relative to the primer cup against
The second link 38 is also provided with a tapped or
the bias of the spring 33a thus driving the primer into
threaded recess 45 formed intermediate to its end thereof,
seated relation within the shell primer pocket. When the
as best seen in FIG. 2, for also threadedly receiving the
plunger is pushed upward again the primer arm- Will ‘be
threaded male element 43 therein. It will be noted that
automatically swung outwardly by means of the spring
the threaded recess 45 is disposed between a pivotal ‘axis
(not shown) which normally biases the primer larrn.
40 and a pivot pin 39 while the handle actually constitutes
' It has been found that during the replacement of the
an extension of the second link when in the position illus
primer, a great deal of force is not necessary for effectively
trated in FIGS. 1 land 2. It will, therefore, be seen that
carrying out this operation. While on the other hand it
the cooperating male threaded element and recesses per—
unit ready detachment of the actuating handle 41 for sub 35 has been found that the resistance transmitted through the
plunger toggle linkage to the handle will be perceived by
sequent attachment with the other of the cooperating re
user during the primer replacement operation and that
cesses when it is so ‘desirable to reposition the link.
if too much pressure is exerted the replaced primer might
The advantages and improved results obtainable
be damaged. This damage is effected by excessive pres
through the use of my reloading tool having the readily
interchangeable actuating handle will now be explained. 40 sure exerted by the primer arm or pin. Therefore, ex
perienced reloaders are able to perceive changes in re
During the reloading operation of, for example, a con
sistance if the second link 38 functions as a lever of the
ventional ri?e shell, the shell will be positioned within the
third class. It is, therefore, desirable to have the male
shell holder 27. When a shell is so disposed within a shell
holder, the face of the shell will be received within the 45 threaded member 43‘ of the actuating handle 41 disposed
within the threaded recess 45 so that the actuating handle
slot with the open end of the shell being disposed up
l41 is disposed substantially normal to the second link 38.
wardly. The conventional resizing die, including the
When in this position the second link 38, pivot connec
complete decapping and expanding unit, will be mounted
tion 40 and actuating handle 41 actually de?ne a lever of
on the die holder 23 in a conventional manner. At the
beginning of this operation, the plunger 25 will be dis 50 the third class so that while the mechanical advantage
of force is sacri?ced, greater control over the lever mech
posed at its lowermost position and moved upwardly by
anism is obtained so that slight changes in pressure will
the actuating handle 41 in a thrust direction towards the
be
immediately experienced by the user. Thus it will be
resizing die. When the shell is moved outwardly with the
seen that when disposed in this position, the upward thrust
plunger 25, a decapping pin carried by the resizing die will
link being disposed therebetween- It will be noted that
the second toggle link 38 is of substantial rectanglar cross
the plunger ‘25 is accomplished by grasping the actuat
be pushed against the spent primer thereby forcing out 55 of
ing handle and moving the same in a clockwise direction
the primer. Simultaneously with this operation the neck
portion of the shell case will be resized automatically by
as viewed in FIG. 2 to effect upward movement of the
1 and 2, so that downward movement of the actuating
handle causes upward movement of the plunger 25 in a
bullet or projectile would be inserted into the mouth
of the case so that the bullet would be positioned therein
plunger.
the expanding unit of the resizing die. Although the tog
The replacement of the primer in the shell casing
g-le linkage permits a substantial mechanical advantage to
the second step of the loading operation and
be obtained during reciprocating movement of the 60 comprises
the
third
and
?nal step after loading the powder charge
plunger 25, the ‘force necessary during the primer re
of the shell case involves the seating of the projectile or
moval and shell resizing operation makes it desirable to
bullet. This operation necessitates the use of a seating
obtain additional mechanical advantages if this is possible.
die which is mounted in the die holder threaded recess in
The actuating handle 41 will, therefore, be disposed within
the conventional well known manner and which includes
the threaded recess 43 in the manner illustrated in FIGS. 65 the conventional bullet seating tamp. In this step the
thrust direction. It will be readily appreciated that the
without tilting. The shell casing would be mounted with
in the shell holder, the plunger being disclosed within its
handle 41 actually de?nes a lever mechanism of the ?rst 70 lowermost position. Thereafter, the actuating handle is
toggle link 38 along with the pivot pin 40* and actuating
class when in this position. Thus it will be seen that a
substantial mechanical advantage is obtained through this
arrangement. Accordingly, if this shell loading procedure
moved to cause slight movement of the round in the up
wardrthrust direction. ‘It has been found that proper and
accurate seating of the projectile within the shell casing
includes the step of a swaging operation, the force neces
sary to carry out this operation is very substantial so it
can be accomplished during this operation by slow, delib
erate strokes of the actuating handle. It is, therefore,
3,092,372
5
desirable to dispose the handle so that the user has opti
mum control over the handle to perceive the slight changes
in pressure during the bullet seating process. Therefore,
it is desirable to have the handle disposed in the second
position, to wit, the position wherein the actuating handle
41 is disposed normal to the general longitudinal axis of
the second link 38. This arrangement permits the bullet
seating operation to be carried out by user with great ac
curacy so that the projectile or bullet is not too deeply
means on said second link intermediate the ends thereof
to permit said handle when detached from said other end
of said second link to be detachably connected to said sec
ond mentioned attachment means so that said actuating
handle is disposed in substantially normal or depending
relation with respect to said second link whereby clock
wise movement of said handle produces upward thrust
of said plunger.
2. Structures de?ned in claim 1, wherein said handle
moved within the shell casing but is su?iciently seated to
make full contact with the bullet seating head within the
die. It is pointed out that during the bullet seating op
and said second link de?ne a lever of the ?rst class when
said handle is connected by said ?rst mentioned attachment
means to said second link, and said handle and said second
eration, along with the primer replacing operation, the
link de?ne a lever of the third class when said handle is
mechanical advantage obtained through the toggle ar
connected by said second mentioned attachment means to
rangement is su??cient to permit these processes to be 15 said second link.
readily carried out so that the sacri?ce of the mechanical
3. In shell-sizing reloading tool having in combination
advantage of force from the repositioning of the handle
a support including a horizontal mounting plate, a plunger
to second position does not interfere with this operation.
guide member af?xed to said mounting plate and having a
It will, therefore, be seen from the above description
vertically disclosed guideway therein, a recessed die holder
that I have provided a novel ammunition reloading tool 20 af?xed to said support being disposed above said guide
having a uniquely constructed interchangeable handle
member for selectively and detachably securing thereto
which is readily positionable into diiferent positions thus
enabling the operator to reload shells of various types and
kinds in a step by step procedure.
conventional reloading die structures, an elongate plunger
slidably mounted in said guide member for reciprocating
It will further be
movement relative thereto in an upward thrust direction
seen that through the use of our novel shell reloading 25 toward said die holder and in a downward retractive direc
tool there is very little damage to the primer and great
accuracy may be readily attained in the bullet seating proc
ess.
It will further be seen that the handle may be readi
tion away from said die holder, a plunger having shell
holding means on the upper terminal portion thereof for
detachably holding a shell in upstanding relation thereon,
ly repositioned to de?ne, with the toggle linkage, a lever
toggle linkage for reciprocating said plunger including a
mechanism of the ?rst class thus multiplying the mechan 30 ?rst link member having one end thereof pivotally con
ical advantage of force when it is desirable to resize the
nected to the lower terminal portion of said plunger for
neck of a shell, remove the spent primer, and during a
pivotal movement relative thereto, a second elongate link
shell swaging operation.
member pivotally connected intermediate its ends to said
It will, therefore, be seen that I have provided a novel
support and having one end pivotally connected to the
shell loading tool which is not only of simple and inex 35 end of said ?rst link member, an elongate actuating handle
pensive construction but which functions in a more ef
member having attachment means at one end thereof con
?cient manner than any heretofore comparable devices.
nected to cooperating attachment means on the other end
What is claimed is:
of said second link member and projecting longitudinally
1. In a shell-sizing and reloading tool having in com
therefrom, whereby clockwise movement of said handle
bination a support including a horizontally disposed 40 produces upward axial thrust of said plunger, one of said
mounting plate, a plunger guide member a?ixed to said
attachment means on said actuating handle and second
mounting plate and having a vertically disposed guide
link members comprising a threaded male element and
way therein, a recessed die holder a?ixed to said support
the other of said attachment means comprising a threaded
and being disposed above said guide member for selective
recess, and a second attachment means on said second link
ly and detachably securing thereto conventional reloading 45 member
intermediate the ends thereof and being substan
die structures, an elongate plunger slidably mounted in
tially
identical
to said ?rst mentioned attachment means
said guide member for reciprocating movement relative
on
said
second
link member, said second attachment
thereto in an upward thrust direction toward said die
means serving to permit said handle when detached from
holder and a downward retraction direction away from
said die holder, said plunger having a shell holding means 50 said other end of said second link member to be detach~
ably connected to said second link member intermediate
on the upper terminal portion thereof for detachably hold
its ends and depending substantially normal relative there
ing a shell in upstanding relation thereon, a toggle link~
to whereby clockwise movement of said handle produces
age for reciprocating said plunger including a ?rst link
upward axial thrust of said plunger.
having one end thereof pivotally connected to the lower
terminal portion of said plunger for pivotal movement 55 4. This structure as de?ned in claim 3, wherein said
threaded male element is on said handle member.
relative thereto, a second elongate link pivotally connected
5. The structure as de?ned in claim 3 wherein said sec
intermediate its ends with said support and having one
ond mentioned attachment means on said second link com
end pivotally connected to the other end of said ?rst
prises a threaded recess located between the axis of pivot
link, an elongate actuating handle having attachment
means at one end thereof detachably connected to cooper‘ 60 and the other end of said second link member.
ating attachment means on the other end of said second
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
link and projecting longitudinally therefrom whereby
UNITED STATES PATENTS
clockwise movement of said handle produces upward
thrust of said plunger, and second cooperating attachment
2,865,244
Doyle _______________ __ Dec. 23, 1958
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