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Патент USA US3087489

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April 30, 1963
E. E. FOSTER
3,087,481
TOY GUN
Filed May 25, 1959
‘
By
ATTORNEYS.
United States Patent 0 "
1
3,087,481
TOY GUN
Edwin E. Foster, % Majik-Ironers, Inc., 402 Capital
National Bank Bldg., Austin, Tex.
Filed May 25, 1959, Ser. No. 815,342
3,087,481
Patented Apr. 30, 1963
2
charge end with an annular restriction 12 slightly smaller
in diameter than the balls to seal against the ball engag
ing it.
The barrel portion is integrally molded with a hollow
handle portion 13 having relatively thin walls at its sides
4 Claims. (Cl. 124—11)
and back and reinforced at its forward wall by an inte
grally molded rib 14. The rib 14 may be serrated, as
This invention relates to toy guns and more particular
ly to one piece molded hand guns or pistols for ?ring
shown, to receive the ?ngers of a hand gripping the
projectiles in the nature of hollow plastic balls.
length of the handle portion, as shown.
handle portion and preferably extends along the full
A number of different types of toy guns have been
At the rear wall of the handle portion on the interior
proposed for shooting hollow plastic balls with a popping
thereof a pin 15 is integrally molded in the gun body and
is of a size to receive relatively closely the small diam
eter end of a spiral compression spring 16. In its ex
noise. One of the problems in connection with such
guns has been in constructing the same so that they can
be loaded and ?red easily to adapt them for use by small 15 panded condition, the spring 16 will expand approxi
children. This problem is particularly pronounced in
mately to the restriction 12 and when balls 11 are loaded
the case of hand guns or pistols wherein ?ring is accom
into the barrel portion 10, as shown in FIGURE 2, the
spring will be compressed to urge the outermost ball
plished by compressing a hollow handle formed of resil
with relatively light pressure into sealing engagement
ient material.
It is one of the objects of the present invention to pro 20 with the restriction 12.
vide a toy gun which is formed of a hollow body of
To use the gun, the balls 11, in any desired number,
according to the gun design, are forced into the barrel
resilient material, such as rubber or plastic, and which
portion against the spring 16, as shown in FIGURE 2.
can easily be loaded and ?red even by small children.
Due to compressibility of the balls themselves and to the
According to a feature of the invention, the gun is
provided with a hollow handle portion of resilient ma 25 resilience of the material from which the gun is formed
the balls can be forced past the restriction 12 relatively
terial adapted to be squeezed and compressed for ?ring
easily. This may be done by pressing the balls with
the gun and which is formed with a strengthened rib ex
the ?ngers or by pushing the muzzle of the gun over a
tending along the forward Wall thereof to be engaged by
the ?ngers of a hand gripping the handle portion and
ball resting on the ?oor, or a similar surface.
30
With the balls loaded, the handle portion may be
pressed to compress the handle portion.
gripped in the hand with the ?ngers of the hand overly
A further object is to provide a toy gun in which a
ing and engaging the rib 14. When the hand is closed,
ball or similar projectile is wedgingly sealed in a conically
the handle portion will be compressed substantially as
tapered muzzle end on the hollow barrel portion.
shown in FIGURE 4 with the rib 14 moving toward the
With this construction, the ball or similar projectile
can easily be loaded simply by pressing it into the muzzle 35 back wall of the handle portion to compress the air in
the hollow gun body. When su?icient pressure is
end and the amount of pressure required to discharge
created, which is of a relatively low order, the outermost
the ball can be varied in accordance with the wedging
ball 11 will be forced past the restriction 12 and will be
pressure exerted thereon in loading so that the gun can
discharged from the gun to the accompaniment of a pop
be used even by very small children.
40 ping noise. When the handle is released, it will return to
Still another object is to provide a toy gun which is
its expanded condition, as shown in FIGURE 3, and will
usable either to ?re projectiles, such as balls, or as a
draw air in past the outermost ball so that the gun is
water gun to eject streams of water.
again ready to ?re. This operation may be continued
The above and other objects and features of the inven‘
until all of the balls in the barrel portion have been dis
tion will be more readily apparent from the following
charged.
description when read in connection with the accompany
FIGURES 5 and ‘6 illustrate an alternative construction
ing drawings, in which:
which is also molded of one piece rubber or plastic with
FIGURE 1 is an end elevation of a toy gun embodying
a hollow barrel portion 17 and a hollow handle portion 18
the invention;
provided with a strengthened rib 19 similar to the rib 14 of
FIGURE 2 is a section on the line 2—2 of FIGURE 1;
FIGURES l to 4. In this construction, a single ball is in
FIGURES 3 and 4 are sections on the line 3-3 of
tended to be ?red at one time and the muzzle of the barrel
FIGURE 2 showing the handle portion in relaxed and
portion is formed with a conical inward taper 21 slightly
compressed condition, respectively;
larger at its outer end ‘than the diameter of a ball 22 and
FIGURE 5 is an end elevation of an alternative form
slightly smaller at its inner end than the ball diameter.
of gun;
55
In using this gun, to ?re balls, a ball may be wedged into
FIGURE 6 is a section on the line 6-~6 of FIGURE 5;
the
conical tapered portion 21, as shown in FIGURE 6.
and
One
advantage of the construction is that the 'ball may
FIGURE 7 is a partial section similar to FIGURE 6 of
be wedged in with different degrees of force to seal itself
against the conical tapered portion so the more or less
The gun, as shown in FIGURES 1 to 4, comprises a 60
air pressure will be required to eject the ball. By this
one piece molded body formed of resilient material, such
means a relatively small child Who would not be able to
as rubber or a relatively soft vinyl plastic, or the like.
force the ball in extremely tightly will be able to exert
The body is formed with a cylindrical barrel portion 10
enough pressure on the handle portion to ?re the ball
of a size loosely to receive two or more balls 11 which
while larger, stronger children may Wedge the ball in more
are preferably hollow, relatively light balls made of 65 tightly to fire it with greater force through a greater
plastic, generally similar to conventional “ping-pong”
distance and with a greater popping noise.
balls. The balls 11 may be relatively soft so that they
The gun, as shown in FIGURES 5 and 6, may be used
will deform relatively easily, but are resilient so that they
alternatively as a ball ?ring gun or as a Water pistol.
will return to their spherical conditions when the pres
For this purpose, the barrel portion inward of the position
sure thereon is released. The barrel portion is of a diam~ 70 of the ball is formed with an annular groove 23 in which
eter loosely to receive the balls through the major part of
a disc 24 may be seated. The disc 24 is preferably
its length, but is formed adjacent to its muzzle or dis
molded of rubber or plastic material and is formed
still another alternative construction.
3,087,481
A
near its center with a socket 25 to receive a tube 26 and
when the handle portion is compressed, the walls of the
handle portion being relatively thin and ?exible, and a
relatively thick and stiff strengthening rib extending along
with a relatively small ori?ce or nozzle 27 facing out
wardly of the barrel portion. The tube 26 is of a length
to extend into and near to the bottom of the handle
and coextensive in length with the forward wall of the
handle portion to be engaged ‘by the ?ngers of a hand
gripping the handle portion and pressed to compress the
portion, as shown.
The gun may be used to ?re ‘balls in the manner de
scribed above with the partition and tube in place and in
this case the partition serves to limit the size of the ?ring
handle portion, the strengthening rib remaining substan
tially straight and moving between the sides of the handle
chamber so that a sharper pop will result when the ball
portion when the handle portion is compressed.
is ?red. For use as a water pistol, the handle portion may 10
2. The toy gun of claim 1 in which the rib is integrally
be ?lled with water to any desired extent and when it is
molded with the handle portion and projects beyond the
squeezed a stream of water will be ejected through the
forward wall of the handle portion to be engaged by the
tube and the nozzle 27. Upon release of the handle after
?ngers.
?ring one shot of water, air will be drawn into the handle
3. A toy gun comprising a hollow body of resilient
portion so that subsequent shots of water can be dis
charged until the water supply in the handle is exhausted.
15 material de?ning a tubular barrel portion and a hollow
handle portion at an angle to the barrel portion to be
In use of the gun for this purpose, a large number of
gripped in the hand of a user and compressed, the barrel
shots of water can be ?red successively.
portion being formed adjacent to its discharge end to seal
FIGURE 7 illustrates a further alternative construc_
against a ball which will be ejected by compressed air
tion which is generally similar to FIGURES 5 and 6 and
when the handle portion is compressed, a transverse parti
in which corresponding parts are indicated by the same
tion in the barrel portion inwardly of the discharge end
reference numerals. In this construction, an annular disc
thereof and inwardly of the position occupied by a ball
28, which may ‘be formed of hard rubber or plastic, is
sealed in the barrel portion and formed with an opening
?tted into the groove 23 instead of the disc 24. The
therethrough, and a tube communicating with the opening
opening through the center of the annular disc 28 in pro 25 and extending into the handle portion, the tube termi
vided with a noise maker, such as a reed 29, which is oper
nating in a nozzle at the opening in the partition providing
able when air is being drawn into the gun body and
for ejection of liquid from the handle.
handle portion to produce a whistling or rattling noise.
4. The toy gun of claim 1 in which the barrel portion
By properly tuning the reed, it may be caused to produce
is formed adjacent its open end with a smooth continuous
a whistling or whining noise, similar to that made by a
inward taper to receive and wedge against a ball so that
ricocheting bullet so that the popping noise accompanying 30 the ball will be ejected by compressed air when the handle
ejection of the ball 22 will be followed by a whistle or
portion is compressed.
whine suggestive of the noise produced by a ricocheting
bullet.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
While several embodiments of the invention have been
35
UNITED STATES PATENTS
shown and described herein, it will be understood that
they are illustrative only and not to be taken as a de?ni
tion of the scope of the invention, reference being had
for this purpose to the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
40
1. A toy gun comprising a hollow body of resilient
material de?ning a tubular barrel portion and a hollow
handle portion at an angle to the barrel portion to be
gripped in the hand of a user and compressed, the barrel
portion being formed adjacent to its open end to seal 45
against a ball which will be ejected by compressed air
688,882
1,085,472
1,735,086
1,941,630
2,762,356
2,853,991
Parker ______________ __ Dec. 17,
Parker _______________ __ Jan. 27,
Paxson ______________ __ Nov. 12,
Smith _________________ __ Jan. 2,
Foster _______________ __ Sept. 11,
McLain _____________ __ Sept. 30,
1901
1914
1929
1934
1956
1958
FOREIGN PATENTS
529,160
Belgium ______________ __ June 15, 1954
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