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Патент USA US3087638

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April 30, 1963
P. v. RbNNsATER ETA].
EQUIPIIEIN“‘
FOR THE TRANSPORTATION 0F
3,087,535
GOGDS IN RAILWAY SYSTEMS
Filed 061;. 14, 1.959
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United States Patent Otiice
2
1
a free track at a railway station. Said small lifting trucks
may be provided with a load lifting surface which is raised
by means of a manually operated hydraulic device.
The invention will hereinbelow be more fully described
3,087,635
EQUIPMENT FOR THE TRANSPORTATION 0F
GOODS IN RAILWAY SYSTEMS
with reference to the accompanying drawings which illus
Per Valdemar Riinnsiiter, Lyckselevagen 8, Vallingby,
Sweden, and Anders Georg Storm, Angkarrsgaten 12,
Solna, Sweden
Filed Oct. 14, 1959, Ser. No. 846,325
Claims priority, application Sweden Oct. 15, M58
1 Claim. (Cl. 214-75)
trate an embodiment of the invention.
FIG. 1 of the drawings shows schematically and in plan
view a railway track and two trolleys with lifting means
according to one embodiment of the invention. FIG. 2
10 shows a free track at a railway station and a place of
The present invention relates to a trolley for the load
ing and transportation of goods in a railway system.
Particularly, the present invention relates to equipment
for the transportation of goods in railway systems from
places near a railway track from where the goods ‘are
to be removed and loaded on railway cars for further
transportation to distant places.
3,087,635
Patented Apr. 30, 1963
The invention is of
special advantage in connection with the transportation
deposit of the transported goods in plan view. FIG. 3
is a side view of the arrangement according to FIGS. 1
and 2. FIG. 4 shows a railway car and means for loading
goods from the place of deposit. FIG. 5 is a side view
of the arrangement according to FIG. 4. FIG. 6 is a
front view of a trolley with load lifting means according
to one embodiment of the invention and FIG. 7 is a side
view showing schematically an embodiment of a small,
manually operated lifting truck for the transportation
of replaced rails of a railway track. Some units of the
of goods between the deposit and the trolleys or the rail
20
equipment may, however, be used in other connections.
way car.
One object of the invention is to provide means where
In FIG. 1 reference numeral 1 designates an ordinary
by the transportation of goods from places near a railway
railway track subjected to an ordinary traf?c load. 2 des
track to a place of deposit near a clear track and from
ignates the good to be transported, for instance rails, lying
such place of deposit to an ordinary railway car may be
25 near the railway track. 4 designates two trolleys with
carried out with a minimum of cost and labor.
means for lifting and loading the goods 2 on the trolleys.
Another object of the invention is to make it possible
Said trolleys will be more fully described with reference
to maintain full employment of the workers occupied with
to FIG. 6.
the transportation of replaced rails even during times
FIGS. 2 and 3 show the trolleys in a position opposite
when the main railway track is not accessible owing to the
30 a place of deposit of the rails 2 constituted by rails or
ordinary traffic thereon.
beams 7 at right angles to the railway track which is a
It is also an object of the invention to provide means
free
track at a railway station. Auxiliary tracks 5 and
for the purpose referred ‘to which do not require great
6 are arranged between the place of deposit and the trol
tractive forces, for instance ordinary locomotives, but
leys :at right angles to‘ the railway track. For unload
merely light trucks or the like for the transportation of
ing of the rails 2 from the trolleys and for transportation
the goods from said places near the railway track.
of
some to the deposit two small, manually operated
Other objects and advantages of the invention will ap
trucks 8 are provided which will be more fully described
pear from the following description with reference to
in connection with FIG. 7.
the accompanying drawings.
FIGS. 4 and 5 show a railway car 3 opposite the place
According to the invention there is provided equipment
of
deposit 7 of the rails 2. Ramps 10 ascend from the
40
for the transportation of goods in railway systems from
car 3 to the deposit 7 and small load carrying trucks 12
places near a railway track, said equipment comprising
similar to the trucks 8 are supported by carriages or
trolleys provided with load lifting means arranged in such
sledges 11 having a horizontal top surface supporting the
manner that the goods may be loaded on the trolleys
trucks 12, said carriages or sledges being movable along
from either side of the railway track, auxiliary tracks be
tween a railway track and a place of deposit of said goods 45 the ramps 10. Beams 13 are placed on the car 3 for sup
porting the rails 2 to be loaded on the car.
and small load lifting trucks movable on each of said
The trolley 4, according to FIG. 6, has a frame 16 with
auxiliary tracks for the transfer of goods between said
a
relatively
small dimension in the direction of the rail
trolleys and the place of deposit or from the place of de
way track 1 and is supported from the railway track by
posit to a railway car.
means of rail wheels 27 and 28, two such wheels being
A further feature of the invention is that the trolley
provided one close behind the other for supporting the
used in said equipment is provided with a T-structure or
trolley from each rail. The trolley is provided with a
the like at right angles to the railway track, said T-struc
load supporting bar 24 at right angles to the railway track
ture being provided with load lifting means including a
carriage which is movable along the upper horizontal
1, said bar constituting load supporting surfaces 24' and
24" on each side of a pillar structure 23 arranged centrally
Said pillar structure supports a traverse
other, the lifting of the load being carried out by means
beam 14 extending horizontally at right angles to the rail
of a combination of a wire, wire wheels and a hydraulic
way track 1, thus forming a T-structure together with
driving device.
the pillar 23. The beam 14 is provided with guide sur
Said horizontal limb of the T-structure is, ‘according
faces 25 supporting a wire wheel carriage 15, the sup
60
to the invention, provided with guide surfaces supporting
porting wheels 40 of the latter bearing against said guide
said carriage of the load lifting means, the guide sur
surface 25 which is constituted by lateral ?anges at the
faces being arranged so as to slope inwardly from the
underside of the beam 14 extending from one end of the
outer ends of the horizontal limb or beam to the central
beam to the other. By means of wire wheels 42 of the
point of said limb. The reason for this arrangement
carriage 15 and the wire 41, a load gripping or holding
will be described in more detail in the following descrip
device 18 is suspended which device may be lifted or low
tion.
ered by taking in or giving out wire. This operation is
According to the invention, the equipment may also
controlled by means of a hydraulic cylinder 19 on the
include small lifting trucks or carriages supported by said
top of the beam 14, said cylinder being connected to a
auxiliary rails which are placed substantially at right
wire wheel 20, the wire itself running from a ?xed point
angles to the railway track between the trolleys or railway
21 at the right end of the beam 14 via wire wheels 20, 29,
cars to be unloaded and loaded, respectively, and a storage
42 and the wire wheel of the load gripping means 18 to a
limb of the T-structure from one end of the same to the
place or place of deposit for the transported goods near
on the trolley.
3,087,635
4
?xed point 17 at the left end of the beam 14. Within
the pillar structure 23 is mounted a small combustion
engine with a hydraulic pump (not shown) by means of
which pressure ?uid may be obtained for the operation of
the hydraulic cylinder 19. This operation is controlled
by means of manually operated levers 22 at each end of
the beam 14. The movement of the carriage 15, when the
Said carriage or sledge
is driven by means (not shown) whereby the carriage or
The slope angle may, for instance, amount to l0°—l5°.
By virtue of this slope, the gravity of the load assists in
moving the carriage 15 with the lifted load to the desired
place on the beam 24. In fact, this movement takes
In the above description and in the drawings it has been
assumed that two trolleys, two auxiliary tracks and two
the lower end of the ramps 10.
sledge can be moved along the entire ramp 10 from the
lower to the upper end thereof. The trucks 8 are placed
under a suitable rail load of the deposit, the load is lifted
and moved towards the car 3 until it is situated just above
the small trucks 12 which are placed on the horizontal
lifted load shall be moved to a desired place on the load
top surface of the carriages or sledges 11 which are then
supporting surfaces 24' and 24”, is carried out manually.
moved upwards on the ramps 10 until their top surfaces
In order to facilitate this movement the guides 25 which 10 are ?ush with the bottom of the railway car 3 or with
support the carriage 15 are arranged so as to slope some
truck rails on the bottom of the car. The trucks 12 with
what inwardly and downwardly from the ends of the beam
the rail load are then moved into the car 3 and the load
14 to a central point thereof at the pillar structure 23.
is placed on the beams 13.
place automatically as soon as the load is lifted above
obstacles, e.g. previous loads, which prevent the move~
ment inwardly of the lifted goods. This effect is very
useful in practice. A further advantage of the sloping
support surfaces 25 is the fact that when the trolleys 4
are placed in a curve of the railway track 1, the surfaces
25 will not slope outwardly which would make it difficult
to move the carriage 15 with its load inwardly to the load
supporting beam surfaces 24' and 24" respectively.
ramps are sulhcient for the transportation. However sev
eral trolleys, tracks and ramps may sometimes be neces
sary for the transportation of, for instance, very long
rails, beams, etc.
In such cases the pillar structure 25
with the traverse beam 14 of one or more trolleys may
be detachable, so that they can be removed from the
trolleys, which in certain cases would facilitate the ban
dling of the load.
As mentioned in the introduction the invention is not
restricted to the handling of replaced rails in railway
systems since it ‘may be of use ‘in all cases where a load
of lengthy shape is to be taken from a place near a rail
way track and transported on said track. Further the
invention is not limited to the embodiment described
FIG. 7 is a simpli?ed view of the small lifting trucks 8
and 12 shown schematically in FIGS. 1-5. The truck has
a frame 30 supported from the auxiliary rails 5 and 6 by
means of double-collar rail wheels 38. A load lifting sur
above and shown in the drawing, since said embodiment
face 31 of the truck is connected to the frame 30 by means 30 may be modi?ed in direct dependence of the special trans
of supporting links 32 and 33 and a hydraulic device 34
portation problems to be solved with the use of the basic
with a piston rod 35 operating against a fork 36 con
principle of the invention.
nected to the lifting surface 31 llS used for raising and
We claim:
lowering the surface 31 with its load. The hydraulic de
vice 34 is manually operated by means of the lever 37
A trolley for the loading and transportation of goods
in a railway system comprising a frame having rail
in a manner well known per se in the art.
wheels for movably supporting it on railway tracks, a
The equipment according to the invention is used in the
narrow pillar structure rigidly secured to the frame at the
following manner. The goods to be handled are shown
center thereof, a loading surface for said goods on the
as rails, e.g. rails which have been replaced by new rails
frame at each side of the ?xed pillar structure, a beam
40
on a railway track and are left behind at the side of the
horizontally and rigidly mounted on the top of the pillar
railway track.
structure and arranged transversely of the frame, load
In FIG. 1 is shown how two trolleys 4 have been moved,
lifting means carried by the beam and including a carriage
for instance by means of a light truck tractor, motor
movable along the beam and supported by guide surfaces
trolley etc., from a railway station and placed opposite
extending from one end of the beam to the other, a pulley
45
to the rail 2 to be picked up and transported to a rail
rotatably mounted at one end of the beam, two pulleys
deposit near a free track at a railway station, as shown
rotatably mounted on said carriage and a load lifting
in FIG. 2. The rails are lifted by the gripping or hold
cable running over said pulley at one end of the beam and
ing device 18 of the trolley ‘4, shown in FIG. 6, and
over said pulleys of the carriage and having its one end
loaded on the trolleys. After loading a sufficient num
?xed relative to the beam said load lifting means includ
ber of rails 2, the trolleys are moved back to the station 50 ing a gripping means suspended from the carriage by
by means of said light tractor and placed opposite the
said cable, the other end of said cable being ‘fixed relative
place of deposit 7, FIG. 2, where the auxiliary tracks 6,
to
said beam and hydraulically operating means being
supporting small lifting trucks 8, have been placed at
provided for tensioning and releasing said cable for rais
right angles to the railway track 1. Additional detach
ing and lowering the load gripping means, said hydraulic
able tracks 5 are connected to the tracks 6 and the small 55 operating means including a hydraulic cylinder mounted
trucks 8 are moved in under the rail load of the trolleys
on top of the beam and axially aligned therewith, a piston
which load is then lifted by manual operation of the lift
rod workably extending from the cylinder and a pulley
ing truck 8, whereafter the trucks 8 with their load are
connecting the cable to the piston rod.
moved back on the tracks 5 and ‘6 to the place of deposit
60
7 where the load is placed.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
At times when no rails can be picked up along the
UNITED STATES PATENTS
main railway track 1 owing to the normal traffic on the
track 1, the workers in charge of the handling of the
611,777
Des Brisay _____________ __ Oct. 4, 1898
rails can be occupied with loading rails 2 from the place
678,188
Macbeth ______________ __ July 9, 1901
of deposit 7 at the railway station to an ordinary railway 65 1,259,093
Harris ______________ __ Mar. 12, 1918
car for further transportation to distant places, this load
1,744,392
Le Grand et a1 _________ __ Jan. 21, 1930
ing being illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 5. The railway car
2,101,839
Crawford ___________ __ Dec. 14, 1937
3 is placed opposite the place of deposit 7 and ramps 10
2,877,981
McMurry ___________ __ Mar. 17, 1959
are mounted between load supporting beams 13 of the car
3 and the place of deposit 7. A small carriage or sledge 70
11 with a horizontal top surface is placed or provided at
FOREIGN PATENTS
860,670
France _______________ __ Oct. 7, I940
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