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Патент USA US3087657

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April 30, 1963
Filed May 2, 1961
2 Sheets-Sheet, 1
*- Judie? ll?fg/Zer ;
April 30, 1963
Filed May 2, 1961
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
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United States Patent 0" me
Patented Apr. 30, 1963
the ‘bag dispenser depicting the mode of operation thereof;
David E. Heller, 8770 Shoreham Drive, Apt._ 12, '
Los Angeles 46, Calif.
Filed May 2, 1961, Ser. No. 107,133
4 Claims. (Cl. 221-47)
FIG. 2 is a plan view;
FIG. 3 is a view in section and elevation as seen on
the line 3—3 of FIG. 2 with portions broken away;
FIG. 4 is a view in cross section as seen on the line
4--4 of FIG. 3 in the direction indicated by the arrows
with portions of the bags removed;
FIG. 5 is a detail in horizontal section taken on the
This invention relates to a paper bag dispenser and has
line 5-5 of FIG. 4;
as its primary object the provision of a dispensing mech
FIG. 6 is a view in vertical section and elevation as
anism whereby paper bags such as are supplied customers 10
seen on the line ‘6-6 of FIG. 4; and
in market places may be dispensed one at a time.
, FIG. 7 is a detail in horizontal section as seen on the
It is now common practice in public markets to arrange
line 7—7 of FIG. 3.
stacks of loose paper bags in open compartments accessi
Referring to the drawings more speci?cally A indicates
ble to customers or clerks who may reach into a compart
ment and extract one or any number of the bags there 15 generally a rectangular box-like housing embodying ‘side
walls 8—8, end walls 9-9 and a bottom wall 10 on
from. It frequently happens that, in extracting a bag
which the side and end walls ‘are erected, the side and
or bags, unwanted ‘bags are pulled from the stack. These
end walls being arranged to form a bag receptacle of
are seldom replaced but are allowed to fall onto the floor
rectangular cross section. The housing A has an open
or are placed on a counter and sometimes on top of dis
plays of products. This ordinarily necessitates consump 20 ing at its upper end bordered by the margins of the side
and end walls 8—8 and 9—9 for the reception and re->
tion of time on the part of clerks or attendants in gather
ing up the discarded bags and replacing them in appro
priate compartments, there being a number of compart
ments or bins to accommodate bags of various sizes.
moval of paper ‘bags. The housing is designed to receive
a stack of ?at folded or collapsed paper ‘bags B which are
rectangular with their margins substantially conforming
By the use of the invention the above recited objection 25 to the inner faces of the side and end walls of the hous
ing; the stack of bags B being supported on a vertically
able practice is eliminated.
moving rectangular panel 11 the margins of which are.
The paper ‘bags to be dispensed are normally collapsed
spaced from the inner faces of the walls 8-—8 and 9=—9
to extend ?atwise with the bottoms of the bags ‘folded
to afford a clearance between the panel and the ‘said walls
relative to their sides so that a portion of the bottom of
and allow free movement of the panel relative to the
each bag will overlie a side of the folded fiat intermediate
part thereof in the form of a flap. This flap is utilized
The panel 11 is supported on ‘and a?‘ixed to a pair of
in the present dispenser as a hand-hold in effecting manual
spaced transversely extending slide bars 12—12 the end
removal of the uppermost bag of a stack thereof.
portions of which project through vertically extending
In the merchandising of such bags they are commonly
packaged in stacks wherein the bags are superimposed in 35 slots 14614 in the side panels 8—-8 which slots extend
upward from the ‘bottom wall 10 and terminate on a plane
groups with the bags in each group disposed with their
spaced downwardly from the upper margins of the side
folded bottoms arranged
overlying relation to each
walls 8-8. Erected in the ‘slots 14 are guide rods 15
other, and wherein adjacent superimposed groups of the
which pass vertically through the slide bars 12 in slidable
bags are disposed in alternate end to end arrangement,
40 relation thereto, the guide rods 15 being at?xed at their
whereby a number of bags in a stack will have their bot
lower ends in the bottom wall 10 ‘and engaged at their
tom ends presented opposite the bottom ends of other
upper ends in the side walls 8-8 at the upper ends of the
of the bags. This alternate arrangement of the bags in
slots 14.
the stack serves to dispose the uppermost bag of the
Spring means are provided for advancing the panel 11
stack in a substantially horizontal position, whereas, if a
considerable number of bags were to be arranged in a 45 upwardly, which means is here shown as comprising con
ventional spring actuated reels 16 mounted in housings 17
stack with their bottom ends disposed at one side only of
and having metal ribbons 18 wound thereon the outer ends
the stack the uppermost bag will ‘be inclined longitudinally
of which are connected by couplings 19 to the outer ends
by reason of the height or thickness of the folded ends
of the slide bars 12; the reels 16 being actuated by coil
of the assemblage of bags exceeding the height of the
50 springs urging rotation of the reels in a direction to wind
superimposed opposite ends of the bags.
the ribbons 18 thereon in a usual manner whereby an up
Having the foregoing recited conditions in mind, a
pull is exerted on the slide bars 12 and panel 11
further object of the invention is to provide a bag dis
urging the stack of bags thereon in an upward direction,
penser wherein alternately end to end arranged bags in
that is, toward the open side of the housing.
a stack thereof may be readily extracted from either of 55
Means are provided for releasably holding the stack of
opposedends of a ?xed dispenser according to which of
bags B in a depressed position in opposition to the spring
such ends the folded bottom of the bag is presented.
actuated reels 16‘. This means is here shown as embody
With the foregoing objects in view together with such
ing spring pressed abutment rollers 20 carried on the inner
other objects and advantages as may subsequently appear
faces of the end walls 9—9 adjacent the free margins
the invention resides in the parts, construction and com~ 60 thereof mediate the side walls 8-8 and disposed to bear
bination of parts and in equivalents thereof as described
on the upper faces of the marginal portions of the opposite
ends of the uppermost bag B, as particularly shown in
in the following speci?cation, de?ned in the appended
FIG. 3.
claims and illustrated in the accompanying drawings in
Each of the rollers 20 is mounted on a yoke 21 move
FIG. 1 is an isometric view of the upper portion of 65 able vertically in a housing 22 and‘ ?tted with a guide
stem 23 around which is wound a spring 24 bearing be
tween the yoke 21 and the top wall of the housing 22 and
exerting a downward thrust on the yoke 21 and roller 20'.
facilitate the passage of the side margins of the bag out
The housings 22 are ?xed on the end walls 9——9.
ments D, the outer end of the bag may be readily with
drawn from engagement by the adjacent abutment roller
wardly over the abutments D with a minimum of resist
ance. Upon the bag being disengaged from the abut
Projecting from the inner faces of the side walls 8—8
to overlie and engage the upper faces of the side margins
20 thus freeing the bag and permitting its removal from
of the uppermost ‘bag B in the stack thereof is a pair of
the open side of the housing.
spaced ?xed abutments D each of which embodies a cylin
By the provision of complementary bag engaging rollers
drical shell 25 having an open outer end in which is
20 on the opposite ends 9-—9 of the housing A together
mounted a ball 26 normally projecting ‘from the shell 25 10 with the opposed pairs of abutments D—D on the sides
under the urge of a spring 27 as particularly shown in
8——8 of the housing with the abutments D—D arranged
FIG. 5; the roller 26 being revolubly supported in the
to engage the side edges of the uppermost bag apart from
shell 25.
the ?ap 28, the dispenser is adapted to dispensing in
The abutments D project from said side walls with the
dividual bags ‘from stacks of bags containing bags having
ends of the abutments on one side wall spaced opposite 15 oppositely presented folded ‘bottoms, thus obviating hav
the ends of the abutments on the other side wall a distance
ing to exercise care in arranging the bags with their folded
less than the distance between the side margins of the
ends presented to one end only of the dispenser.
bags B to ‘be engaged by said abutments.
The bags B are designed to be passed from either the
outer or inner sides of the abutments D by urging the
side margins of a bag or groups of bags past the outer
ends of said abutments D, such being done both in deliver
ing bags into the receptacle in charging the latter and in
extracting the bags therefrom.
The housings 17 of the spring reels 16 are carried on 25
ledges 31 mounted on the outer faces of the side walls
8 and which ledges have openings 32 through which the
downwardly extending end portions of the ribbons 18
It will now be seen that the bags B can only be re
moved from the dispenser one at a time thereby obviating
the removal of unwanted bags from the stack thereof.
While a speci?c embodiment of the invention has been
shown and described, the invention embodies such modi
?cations and equivalents as come within the meaning and
scope of the appended claims.
I claim:
1. A paper bag dispenser embodying a housing having
side and end Walls arranged to form a receptacle of
rectangular cross section and having a discharge opening
bordered by said side and end Walls, a bag supporting
The bags B are each characterized by being collapsed 30 panel within said housing extending in parallel relation to
into a ?at panel and in having its bottom end folded so
that a portion thereof will form a ?ap 28 normally over
said discharge opening and bodily moveable toward and
away therefrom, a pair of spaced slide bars extending
longitudinally across said housing adjacent said panel on
which said panel is mounted, guide means in said hous
lying the contiguous side portion of the bag. The folded
bottom end of the bag imparts greater thickness to such
bottom end of the bag than that of the outer end of the 35 ing slidably engaging said slide bars, spring actuated
bag, so that, in order to render a stack of the bags of cor
responding height at opposite ends of the bags, it is
customary to alternate adjacent bags or groups of bags
end for end, so that a number of the bags will have their
bottom ends extending in one direction with other of
the bags arranged with their bottom ends extending in
the opposite direction.
means on said housing side walls connected to end por
tions of said slide bars adapted to normally advance said
slide bars and panel toward the open end of said housing
to thereby advance a plurality of folded collapsed paper
‘bags collected together face to face in a stack on said
panel, an abutment roller on each end Wall of said hous
ing intermediate said side walls and adapted to overlie
and abut the adjacent end of the outermost bag in the
stack thereof on said panel, and a pair of spaced abut
being forced downwardly under manual pressure past the 45 ments on each of the side walls of said housing arranged
rollers 20 and abutments D thereby lowering the panel
to overlie and abut the side margins of the outermost bag
11 in opposition to the springs of the reels 16, the stack
in the stack with one of said pair of abutments disposed
of bags and pane-l 11 ‘being thus depressed until the upper
adjacent to but apart from the folded bottom end of
most ‘bag underlies and is engaged by the rollers 20‘ and
said outermost ‘bag.
abutments D as indicated in FIG. 4. In thus delivering 50
2. The structure called for in claim 1, in which the
the bags into the receptacle the rollers 26 on the project
abutments on said side Walls project therefrom with the
ing ends of the abutments D present a revolving spherical
ends of the abutments on one side wall spaced from the
surface to the marginal portions and edges of the bags
ends of the abutments on the other side wall a distance
engaged by the abutments D as such portions are urged
less than the distance between the side margins of the bags
past said abutments, thereby facilitating passage of a 55 to be engaged by said side wall abutments, said side wall
In the operation of the invention a stack of the bags B
of any suitable number is seated on the panel 11, the stack
stack of bags past the abutments D and minimizing, if
abutments being adapted to permit the side marginal por
not obviating mutilation of the edges of the bags while
tions of ‘bags to be urged past said abutments both in de
being forced over the abutments D in loading the housing
livering bags into said receptacle and extracting them
or extracting the bags therefrom. When the bags are thus
disposed in the housing, the abutments D engage the side 60
3. A paper bag dispenser embodying a housing having
margins of the uppermost bag adjacent to but apart from
side and end walls arranged to form a receptacle of rec
the outer margin of the flap 28 irrespective of the direction
tangular cross section and having a combined intake and
in which the bottom end of the outermost bag is presented.
discharge opening bordered by said side and end walls, a
When it is desired to extract a bag B the upwardly in
paper bag receiving and supporting panel within said re
clined ?ap portion 28 of the outermost bag is grasped be
ceptacle extending perpendicular to said side and end walls
tween the thumb and ?ngers of the hand and pulled up
and bodily moveable toward and away from said opening,
wardly as indicated in FIGS. 1 and 3. The pull thus
spring means on said housing connected to said panel nor
applied to the bag withdraws it out of engagement with
mally urging said panel toward said opening to advance
the rollers 20 and abutments D free of the stack thereby
with said panel a stack of folded paper 'bags seated there
exposing the succeeding bag in position for extraction.
on, abutments comprising rotatable members, turnably
On thus withdrawing the bag from the receptacle the
mounted in bearings ?xed on each of said side and end
bottom portion 30 of the bag is initially pulled free of the
walls interiorly of said receptacle ‘adjacent said opening
adjacent abutment roller 20 followed by the side margins
against which abutment-s the end and side margins of the
of the bag passing over the rollers 26 of the abutments
outermost bag of the stack thereof are urged by said spring
D which rollers 26, being spherical and revoluble 75 means, the bag being urged against the rotatable members
of said side Wall abutments being adapted to have the side
margins ‘of bags urged thereover both in delivering bags
into said receptacle and in extracting the bags there?rom.
Lutterman ____________ __ Apr. 9,
Korth _______________ __ Apr. 8,
Hansen ______________ __ Aug. 18,
Carlson et a1 __________ __ Apr. 20,
4. The structure called for in claim 3 in which the rotat 5
a'ble members of the abutments on said side Walls ‘are
Shaffer et al ___________ .. Aug. 30, 1932
Shafer _______________ __
Nicodemus ___________ __
Norris _______________ .._
Eastman _____________ __
Kinney ______________ __ May 27, 1958
France ______________ __ Ian. 19, 1911
France ______________ __ Mar. 30, 1942
of at least the abutments on the end walls; the outer ends
spherical and adapted to roll on engagement therewith of
the side margins ‘of bags imposed thereon and urged past
said spherical members into ‘or out of said housing.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
Carlen ______________ __ Dec. 11, 1900
June 30,
Feb. 2,
May 26,
Feb. 20,
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