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Патент USA US3087693

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April 30, 1963
3,087,683
A. K. MOULTON
VIBRATING CRUSHERS
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Filed NOV. 14, 1960
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“LL
INVENTOR
Ar/hur K. Mou/fon
ATTORNEYS
April 30, 1963
A. K. MOULTON
3,087,683
VIBRATING CRUSHERS
Filed Nov. 14, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
ATTORNEYS
United States
atent
1
BC@
3,987,633
Patented Apr. 30, 1963
2
3,087,683
In the drawings, in FIG. '1, the numeral 10 designates
a plurality of spaced upright legs formed of any suitable
San Antonio 12, Tax.
material and supporting on their lower sections an annu
lar base plate 11 having a central aperture 12. The outer
cylindrical wall 13 of an upper crushing member 14 is
VHBRATING CRUSHERS
Arthur K. Moulton, 6936 San Pedro Ave,
Filed Nov. 14, 1960, Ser. No. 68,732
4 Claims. (Cl. 241-410)
secured to and supported by the upper portions of the’
legs 10 and carries an inner, conical hopper 15 down
wardly convergent from the upper edge of the wall ‘13.
This invention relates to new and useful improvements
The lower end of the hopper 15 is truncated as shown at
in vibrating crushers.
The invention is concerned in particular with a vibra 10 16 and supports a downwardly divergent, conical crushing
plate 17 having a downwardly facing, conical, down
tory crusher having a pair of crushing plates or members
spaced apart to form a crushing zone with means for
wardly divergent crushing face 18. A short, upwardly in
clined ‘annular member 19‘ joins the lower end of the upper
or ?rst crushing plate 17 with the lower end of the cylin
15 drical outer wall 13.
crushing member.
While the upper crusher assembly 14 is desirably se
It is an important object of the invention to provide an
causing one of the crushing members to undergo rapid
vertical and horizontal movement with respect to the other
improved crusher for crushing and comminuting solid
cured rigidly to the supporting legs 10, it is quite appar
ent that provision could be made for some degree of
movement or vibration of the assembly 14 with respect
members, one of which is more or less ?xed and the other 20 to the legs 10, as by the utilization of resilient strips or
pads 20 between the upper portions of the legs 10‘ and the
of which undergoes both vertical and horizontal oscilla
outer surface of the cylindrical outer wall 13 and the em
tions of a very rapid frequency so that the material is
ployment of suitable clamping or securing members 21.
crushed not only between the crushing members but
A plurality of coiled springs or other resilient elements
against adj oining material.
A further object of the invention is to provide an im 25 22 are secured to and extend upwardly from the base plate
'11 at points spaced around and closely adjacent the pe
proved device of the character described in which the
riphery of the opening 12. The upper ends of the resil
crushing zone is in the form of a more or less conical
materials either in dry form or suspended in a ?uid, such
as air, by passing the material between a pair of crushing
annulus having downwardly convergent ‘lateral boundaries
and through which material to be crushed is downwardly
ted ‘so as to force the material into progressively restricted
spaces for superior and more complete crushing and com
minution.
Yet a further object of the invention is to provide an
improved device of the character described into which ma
terial may ‘be fed by gravity or in a suitable ?uid stream
entering from either beneath or above the crushing struc
ture and including a pair of crushing or comminnting
members arranged in superposed fashion, one of the mem
ient elements are secured to and support a transverse plate
23 having a ‘central opening '24 through which a cylin
drical, open-ended motor shroud 25 extends, the lower
end of the shroud 25 projecting downwardly slightly
below the plane of the base plate 11, and the upper end
of the shroud projecting above the plate 23. A conical,
downwardly divergent lower or second crushing member
26 is supported upon the shroud 25 and plate 23, the
intermediate portion of the side wall of the member 26
adjoining and being secured to‘ the upper edge of the
shroud 25 as by welding or in other suitable fashions,
bers being ‘fixed and the other being arranged for under 40 the outer periphery of the plate 23 being secured to the
inner wall oi? the second crushing member adjacent its
going rapid horizontal and vertical vibration.
lower edge or periphery as by welding or otherwise so
Still another object of the invention is to provide an
that a marginal and lower skirt 27 of the member 26 pro
improved device of the character described in which the
jects downwardly and outwardly from the plate 23. An
movements of the vibrating crushing member may be ad
justed in both the horizontal and vertical planes in order 45 open-topped, annular trough or collector receptacle 28
depends ‘from the marginal portion 27 of the member 26
to obtain, the desired type of crushing with respect to
and extends radially outwardly therefrom, the trough
materials of varying natures and characteristics.
28 being of rectangular cross section and having its inner
A further object of the invention is to provide, an im~
wall bent inwardly at its upper end 29 for securing as by
proved vibratory crusher having a pair of spaced crushing
welding or bolting to the underside of the marginal por
members in which material is crushed and cornminuted
tion 27. Suitable gusset plates 30 are secured between
not only between the crushing faces of the crushing mem
the inner wall of the trough 28 and the underside of the
bers, but also because of relative movement and the exer
plate 23.. An approximately tangential discharge conduit
tion of crushing forces within the body proper of the
31 opens outwardly from the interior of the trough 28
material.
Other more speci?c objects and advantages of the inven 55 and terminates in a downwardly directed discharge chute
32 for discharge and collection of the crushed or corn
tion will be apparent from a reading of the following
minuted material.
description.
A chamfered supporting ring 33 is carried upon the
A construction designed to carry out the invention will
inner
wall of the shroud 25 approximately in the plane
be hereinafter described, together with other features of
of the plate 23 and formed with a radially inwardly ex
the invention.
tending lip 34 upon which the bevelled support ring 35
The invention will be more readily understood from a
reading of the following speci?cation and by reference
of an electric motor or other motive means 36 is sup
to the accompanying drawings, wherein examples of the
invention are shown, and wherein:
37 is secured between the rings 33 and 35 by bolts 38 for
ported. A doubly bevelled clamping and retaining ring
clamping and securing the motor 36 positively and rigidly
FIG. 1 is a vertical, sectional view of a vibratory 65 within the shroud 25 and the lower crushing assembly.
crusher constructed in accordance with this invention,
The motor 36 is provided with a double ended shaft
FIG. 2 is a horizontal, cross~sectional view taken on the
extending vertically and axially of the shroud 25, the upper
shaft of the motor having clamped or secured thereto an
lines 2-—2 of FIG. 1,
.
FIG. 3 is a vertical, sectional view, partly in elevation,
eccentric weight 39, and the lower shaft having secured
70 thereto a second eccentric weight 40 having provision for
of a modi?ed form of the invention, and
the addition of auxiliary weights 41. The lower weight
FIG. 4 is a plan view of the form of the invention
49 is so arranged as to be readily adjustable angularly
shown in ‘FIG. 3.
3,087,683
3
with respect to the eccentric weight 39 so that the two
weights may be adjusted as desired about their eccentric
axes with respect to one another. Thus, the centers of
gravity of the weights 39 and 40 may lie in the same
the crushing zone and will largely eliminate any tendency
for the material to bridge across the lower truncated end
of the hopper 15.
A second form of the invention is shown in FIGS. 3
vertical plane extending radially of the axis of the motor 5 and 4 and includes a rectangular base 43 formed of mar
36, or may be adjusted to positions lying in differing
ginal support members 44 and intermediate, transverse
vertical planes over a range of 0° to 180°. An electric
cord or other power conductor 42 supplies motive power
or energy to the driving member 36.
support members 45 from the corners of which base suit
able supporting posts or members 46 extend upwardly.
A tubular support sleeve 47 is rigidly or adjustably secured
This motor and eccentric weight assembly is disclosed 10 to each of the posts 46 as by means of a securing or clamp
in the patent to G. H. Meinzer, No. 2,284,671, issued
ing bolt 48, it again being pointed out that resilient liners
June 2, 1942, and no claim is made thereto.
may be interposed between the sleeves 47 and the posts
It is to be noted that the lower crushing member 26 ter
minates at its upper end in an apex disposed approximate
46 to impart a degree of ?exibility to the structure if such
is desired. A ?at or substantially ?at upper or ?rst crush
ly at the lower end of the hopper 15, and is formed with 15 ing member or plate 49, desirably of circular cross sec
its crushing face upwardly convergent at an angle less
than the angle at which the crushing face of the upper
crushing member is downwardly divergent.
tion, is supported from the sleeves 47 by elongate gusset
plates or brackets 50‘ secured to the upper surface of the
plate 49 and extending outwardly and upwardly for secur
In this form of the invention the driving means, such
ing to the sleeves 47 as by welding or in any other suit
as the electric motor 36, operating at a suitable speed 20 able fashion. A tubular ‘admission conduit 51 extends
such as 1,000 to 2,000 revolutions per minute will, be
downwardly to the center of the upper member 49 and
cause of the offset or eccentric masses of the weights 39
opens therethrough by means of a central opening 52 pro_
and 40, impart to the lower or second crushing member
vided in the member 49.
26 a rapid gyratory ‘or horizontal component of move
Supported upon the intermediate transverse support
ment in which the lower crushing member is rapidly 25 members 45 is an upstanding cylindrical base member 53
vibrated eccentrically with respect to the upper or ?rst
having an annular outwardly extending ?ange 54 at its
crushing member 17 At the same time, due to the selec
upper extremity. Coiled springs or other resilient means
tive angular offsetting of the weight 40 with respect to the
56 extend upwardly from the ?ange 54 and have their
weight 39, and the possible addition or removal of sup
upper ends received to rectilinear brackets 57 depending
plementary weights 41 to or from the weight 40, there will 30 from the underside of a lower or second crushing member
be imparted a vibratory or vertical component of move
or plate 58‘. Of course, the plate 58 may be resiliently
ment comprising essentially a tilting of the lower member
and rockably mounted upon the upper end of the base
within the upper member in a plane which revolves rapidly
member 53 in any other suitable or desirable fashion.
about the axis of the crusher. Thus, various areas of the
The structure described, in particular, has been found
crushing surface of the lower crushing member 26, and 35 most suitable.
particularly the lower portions thereof, will be approach
ing toward and withdrawing from the crushing surface 18
of the upper member 17, and such areas of approach and
withdrawal will be rapidly shifting, perhaps in a random
The plate 58 immediately underlies the plate 49, being
spaced a ‘selected or suitable distance therefrom in accord
ance with the vertical positioning of the sleeves 47 upon
the supports 46, such spacing being ?xed if found desir
manner due to the presence of material between the two 40 able or necessary, or adjustable if variation in the crush
crushing faces, so that a rapid over-all crushing and com
minuting effect is observed. The same action will occur
at the upper portion of the lower crushing member 26,
perhaps with a smaller degree of movement but with a
greater application of crushing forces. Thus, the larger
ing member spacing, and in the vertical height of the
crushing zone formed between the plates, is found pref
erable.
A marginal collector trough 59 is secured to and de
pends from the periphery of the plate 58, the trough 59
pieces and particles of the material being crushed will
being of the open top variety with a rectangular cross sec
be initially subjected to a restrained but quite forceful
tion and having a discharge chute 60 extending more or
crushing action, and as the partially crushed particles
less tangentially therefrom and terminating in a discharge
work their way downwardly between the two crushing
spout 61.
surfaces, the amplitude of the crushing movement may 50
A cylindrical motor shroud 62 depends from the under
be increased‘ though it may be applied with less force or
side .of the plate 58 into the base member ‘53 and is
crushing pressure. Not only will the faces of the upper
braced in position by a plurality of gusset plates 63 ex
and lower crushing members be applying this crushing
tending upwardly and outwardly from the shroud to the
and comminuting movement, but crushing forces and
underside of the plate 58. A driving motor 64 is secured
movements will be applied through the outer or boundary 55 vwithin the shroud 62 upon a mounting 65 in much the
particles to the inner or intermediate particles. Thus,
same manner that the motor 36 is secured within the
a mere grinding phenomenon is not present, but instead,
a rapid, high-speed and eccentric crushing movement with
what might be termed the application of random and
shroud 25, there also being provided an additional secur
the weight 39 will, of course, vary both the intensity and
thereof, the weight 68 having provision for the additional
ing and supporting ring 66 in the lower portion of the
shroud for engaging a second bevelled ring 67 on the
rapidly varying crushing movements, varying both as to 60 lower extremity of the motor ‘64. Again, an eccentric
location and as to force or degree of pressure. The rela
weight 67' is mounted upon the upper shaft of the motor
tive angular adjustment of the weight 40 with respect to
64, and a lower weight 68 is secured on the lower shaft
amplitude of the crushing movements as well as the pat
removal of supplementary weights 69 and ‘being angu
tern in which such movements are rapidly shifted circum 65 larly adjustable with respect to the weight 67’.
ferentially around the crushing zone. The crushed or com
It is to be noted that the driving means for the upper
minuted particles will, of course, fall from the open lower
end of the crushing zone into the collection trough 28
which also is undergoing vibratory and shaking move
ments so that the particles will be rapidly vibrated circum 70
ferentially of the trough 28 for discharge through the
outlet 32.
It is noted that the projection of the apex of the lower
crushing member 36 to the very lower portion ‘of the
hopper 15 will aid in the proper feeding of material into 75
and lower eccentric weights in both forms of the inven
tion may be an electric motor, electro-magnetic means
of a conventional nature, a hydraulic or ?uid operated
motor as shown in FIG. 3 (supplied with motive ?uid
under pressure through the conductor 70) or any other
suitable or desirable type of driving means. It is also
to be noted that the feed of material to be crushed may
be delivered from the upper end of either assembly or
through conventional construction from the lower end
3,087,683
5
thereof, that such feed may be dry, carried in a current
of ?uid such as air, or even, conceivably, dispersed in a
liquid such as water. In most instances, however, a dry
or gaseous ?uid borne feed will be preferable. ‘It is also
to be noted that in the second form of the invention, the
upper plate ‘49 may be slightly bowed with or without
the crushing thrust, and area of application of the crush
ing forces.
The foregoing description of the invention is explana
tory thereof and various changes in the size, shape and
materials, as well as in the details of the illustrated con
struction may be made, within the scope of the appended
the slight dishing of the lower plate 58 in order to provide
a progressive reduction in the vertical dimension of the
crushing zone moving from the center thereof to the
marginal portions thereof. Due to the tilting action ob
tained in the lower plate 58, however, the two crushing
members may be relatively ?at in con?guration, as shown
in FIG. 3 and more or less equi-distantly spaced over
their entire expanses.
claims, without departing from the spirit of the invention.
What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A vibratory crusher including, a supporting frame,
a ?rst crushing anvil carried by said frame, a second
crushing anvil arranged with respect to said ?rst anvil
to de?ne a crushing zone between said ?rst and second
anvils, a motor having a shaft resiliently mounted on
said frame, said motor shaft having a pair of weights
The operation of the second form of the invention is 15 mounted thereon, one of said weights being mounted ad
jacent one end of said shaft and the other of said weights
substantially the same as that of the ?rst described form,
being mounted eccentrically to said ?rst weight on the
it being noted that the lower crushing member 58 will
other end of said shaft, said second anvil being rigidly
undergo eccentric movement in a horizontal direction for
connected to said motor and thereby being resiliently
rolling and crushing of particles in the crushing zone
while simultaneously undergoing a rapidly revolving and 20 mounted with respect to said ?rst anvil, said motor re
volving said weights about the motor shaft to impart a
oscillatory tilting action resulting in ?ne crushing of the
vibratory universal movement to said second anvil, and
particles present in the margainal portions of the crushing
means for directing material to the crushing zone.
2. A vibratory crusher as set forth in claim 1 wherein
comminuted particles in the trough 59 and the discharge
therefrom through the outlet 61 will be essentially the 25 said ?rst anvil is rigidly mounted on said frame.
3. A vibratory crusher as set forth in claim 1 wherein
same as that previously described. Again, the relative
zone.
The discharging or collecting of the crushed or
angular positions of the weights 67' and 68 may be ad
justed as desired in order to obtain the desired type and
degree of crushing action commensurate with the type of
said weights are angularly adjustable with respect to each
other about said shaft.
4. A vibratory crusher as set forth in claim 2 wherein
material being crushed, the degree of ?neness dmired and 30 said weights are angularly adjustable with respect to each
other about said shaft.
the rate of production. The spacing between the crush
ing faces of the two crushing members of the second form
of the invention may be regulated through the selected
vertical positioning of the sleeves 47 upon the supports
46, and in the alternative structure of the form of the 35
invention shown in FIG. 1, by loosening and vertical
movement of the clamping elements 21 upon the sup
porting legs 10. In both forms of the invention, crush
ing and co‘mminution is obtained through the rapid and
eccentric vibratory movement of the resiliently mounted 40
crush-ing member with respect to the more or less rigidly
mounted member, coupled with the also rapid eccentric
tilting or oscillatory movement between the two mem
bers resulting in the ensuring of proper feed into the
crushing zone with simultaneous rapidly shifting crush 45
ing movements applied to the material being handled
directly by the crushing faces as well as between adjacent
particles of material and the rapid and almost random
shifting of amplitude of crushing movement, force of
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
653,679
1,557,307
1,616,240
1,879,923
2,131,801
2,161,096
2,168,582
2,171,429
2,261,257
2,556,641
2,663,340
Kimble ______________ __ July ‘17, 1900
‘Mitchell ______________ __ 'Oct. 13, ‘1925
Symons _______________ __ Feb. 1, 1927
Deister ______________ __ Sep.~ 27, 1932
Gruender ____________ __ Oct. 4, 1938
Schreferstein _________ __ June 6, 1939
Rider ________________ __ Aug. 8, 1939
Kiesskalt ____________ __ Aug. 29, 1939
Kiesskalt et a1 _________ __ Nov. 4, 1941
Bakewell ____________ __ June 12, 1951
Goodwin ____________ _.. Dec. 22, 1953
688,059
Germany ____________ __ Feb. 12, 1940
FOREIGN PATENTS
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