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Патент USA US3088125

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May 7, 1963
3,088,1 1 5
J. K. GROOT
UPPER ARM PAD
Filed July 12. 1960
INVENTOR.
Jbhrz 2'. 6mm‘
BY
M,.9W,&W Y a?ornc'y?
United States Patent Olhce ;
3,08 8 ,1 l5
Patented May 7, 1963
2
1
14 is covered with an outer covering 15, such as fabric.
3,088,115
UPPER ARM PAD
John K. Groot, Evanston, Ill., assignor to Wilson Athletic
Goods Mfg. Co., Inc., River Grove, 111., a corporation
of Delaware
Filed July 12, 1960, Ser. No. 42,434
3 Claims. (Cl. 2—2)
When thus covered by fabric, the covering material is cut
and sewn along seams, such as 16, 17 and 18, so that
the cover conforms generally to the exterior and interior
surfaces of the pad. Also, in the structure illustrated,
the fabric covering is sewn along a bottom seam 19 which
holds the outer covering 15 in place over the pad ele
ment 14.
In playing football, the players wear shoulder pads
particularly to protective pads adapted to use by athletes 10 of the type depicted in FIG. 4, which shoulder pads
include body-protecting portions 20 and 22 held in place
in playing games requiring bodily contact between play
on opposite sides of the wearer’s body by anchor straps
ers, such as football.
such as 23, and to the opposite sides of which body
One of the objects of my invention is to provide pads
This invention relates to upper ‘arm pads, and more
adapted to use as accessories to the shoulder pads gen
protecting portions shoulder caps such as 24 are movably
erally worn by football players, which accessory pads 15 connected by ?exible webs such as 25. Epaulets 26 and
are suited to the protection of the external surfaces of e 27 are also movably connected to the body-protecting
portions by ?exible hinge elements 28 and overlie adjacent
the players’ upper arms between the shoulders and the
marginal portions of the body-protecting portions and
elbows.
the shoulder caps.
Another object of the invention is to provide a pro
In order to provide supports for the upper ends of the
tective pad having thereon means for effecting a ?exible 20
upper arm pads. of this invention which will not only
supporting connection to a portion of the shoulder pad
anchor the upper arm pads ?rmly in place relative to the
and means for holding the pad against a wearer’s upper
wearer’s upper arms, but will afford the necessary ?ex
arm for movements therewith.
_
ibility to allow full freedom of movement of the wearer’s
As another object, this invention has within its pur
view the provision ‘of an upper arm pad formed of a 25 arms, each upper arm pad of the type Iherein illus
trated has ?exible webs 29 and 30 secured thereto in
relatively soft, resilient and flexible material of substan
spaced relationship at the upper end of the pad. In the
tial thickness having a cupped upper portion for ?tting
form illustrated, the webs 29 and 30 are secured to the
over a wearer’s shoulder and a lower portion for ?tting
outer covering 15 and extend upwardly therefrom.
around the exposed surfaces of the wearer’s upper arm,
with a plurality of ?exible elements for holding the pad in 30 Fastening elements, such as snap fastener parts 32 and
33 are secured to outer end portions of the webs 29' and
place.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will
30, so that the ends thereof may be readily, ?rmly and
releasably secured together.
be apparent from the following description and the ac
As shown in FIG. 4, the webs 29 and 30 embrace the
companying ‘drawings in which similar characters ‘of ref
erence indicate similar par-ts throughout the several views: 35 ?exible webs 25 which movably anchor the shoulder caps
24 to the body-protecting portions of the shoulder pad
FIGS. 1 and 2 are perspective views showing the in
structure. Although it is understood that ?exible con
terior and exterior portions respectively of an upper arm
nections could be provided to various portions of the
pad embodying a preferred form of my invention;
shoulder pad structure for supporting the upper ends of
FIG. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view of the upper
arm pad taken substantially as indicated by a line 3-—3 40 the upper arm pads, it may also be readily understood
that the disclosed webs which connect the upper arm pad
and accompanying arrows in FIG. 2; and
to the hinge elements for the shoulder caps provide for
FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing one of the upper
the desired flexibility and freedom of movement, inas
arm pads attached to a conventional type of shoulder
pad structure used by football players.
much as the shoulder caps and their hinges move with the
wearer’s arms.
the pad will move with the arm and cannot be dislodged.
In the exemplary embodiment of this invention which is 45 wearer’s shoulders and arms.
While the upper arm pad could terminate below the
shown in the accompanying drawings for illustrative pur
upper surface of the shoulder, because of the protection
poses, an upper arm pad 10 has a cupped upper portion 12
normally provided ‘by the shoulder caps on the shoulder
adapted to ?t over the upper and exterior surfaces of a
pad structure, the cupped upper end portion on the upper
wearer‘s shoulder and an integral lower portion 13 which
extends downwardly from the cupped upper portion to cov 50 arm pad is considered to aiford better protection for the
wearer and more ?rm support and anchoring for the
er the normally exposed exterior surface of a Wearer’s arm
upper arm pad.
down to a region adjacent the Wearer’s elbow. In play
Near the lower end of each upper arm pad, a ?exible
ing games, such ‘as football, which require bodily con
web 34, which is desirably made of a stretchable elastic
tacts between the players, the exterior and normally
material, has its opposite ends Secured to opposed side
exposed outer surfaces of the wearer’s arms are subject
edges of the upper arm- pad, so that when the pad is in
to bruises and injury during play. While the upper arm
place on a wear’s upper arm, the elastic web embraces
pads of this invention are adapted to ‘cover and to pro
the inner surface of the wearer’s arm in opposition to
tect the outer surfaces of the wearer’s arms, they must
the pad and holds the lower portion of the pad ?rmly
also be provided with supports which allow freedom of
arm movements and which hold the pads in place on the 60 in place against the outer surface of the arm, so that
In the ‘disclosed upper arm pad structure, each pad
10 includes a pad element 14 which is formed or shaped
to provide the cupped upper end portion 12 and which
'From the foregoing description and by reference to
the accompanying drawings, it may be readily understood
blow-absorbing purposes. This pad element 14, may,
for example, be made of a material such as expanded
rubber or vinyl and the like. The pad element may be
coated with a moisture-proo?ng material, such as lacquer 70
the elbow and which is adapted to use with other equip
ment, such as shoulder pads and affords the required
that I have provided an upper arm pad adapted to use
is made of a ?exible material that is relatively soft and 65 by players of contact sports, which pad protects the
wearer’s upper arm from the shoulder to the region of
resilient and which has substantial thickness for shock or
for protection against moisture and perspiration, or may
be uncoated. In the illustrated structure, the pad element
freedom of arm movements, as well as being ?rmly held
in place for movements with the wearer’s upper
It is understood that the foregoing description is mere
ly illustrative of a preferred embodiment of the inven
8,088,115
3
4
tion and that the scope of the invention is not to be
2. The combination as de?ned in claim 1, and wherein
said pad element comprises a formed inner pad element
having a ?exible fabric cover thereon which conforms
generally thereto, and said ?exible web-type elements are
limited thereto but is to be determined ‘by the appended
claims.
-I claim:
1. In combination with a football shoulder pad hav 5 secured to said fabric cover.
ing shoulder caps connected by ?exible hinge means to
3. The combination as de?ned'in claim 1, ‘and wherein
body protective members, a separable auxiliary upper
the last mentioned web-type element comprises an elastic
arm pad comprising a formed pad element made of rela
web having its opposite ends secured to opposite sides of
tively resilient and ?exible material and having a cupped
the pad element at positions adjacent the lower end of the
upper portion for ?tting over the lateral outer shoulder 10 pad element and well below the shoulder cap for engage
surfaces of a wearer under said shoulder cap ‘and a low
ment with the wearer’s arm just above the elbow.
er portion extending downwardly from said upper por
tion to cover only normally unprotected outer surface
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
regions of a wearer’s upper arm below said shoulder caps,
UNITED STATES PATENTS
?exible web-type elements having end portions secured to 15
said upper portion of the pad element ‘and extending
therefrom, said ?exible Web elements embracing the up
per-surface of said ?exible hinge means of said shoulder
pad and releasably connected together for making a
t?exible connection of the pad element to said football 20
shoulder pad, and another ?exible web-type element
secured to the lower portion of said pad element for
holding the pad element in place against the normally
exposed outer surface regions of the Wearer’s arm.
653,544
1,117,077
1,862,441
1,970,130
2,013,794
2,045,157
2,693,598
Burns et a1. __________ __ July 10, 1900
Mooney _____________ __ Nov. 10, 1914
Till __________________ __ June 7,
Dickenson ___________ __ Aug. 14,
Taylor ______________ __ Sept. 10,
Mathias _____________ _- June 23,
Young _______________ -_ Nov. 9,
1932
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