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Патент USA US3088214

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May 7, 1963
M. R. LEVlTT
3,088,204
NAIL CLIPPER
Filed Sept. 14, 1961
INVENTOR.
l’fi/fazz R. lei/{ff
3£882?4i
Patented May 7, 1963
1
3,088,204
NAIL CLEPER
Milton R. Levitt, New Brunswick, NJ., assignor to The
Scholl Mfg. Co., Inc., Chicago, 111., a corporation of
New York
Filed Sept. 14, 1961, Ser. No. 138,079
7 Claims. (Cl. 30-28)
2
the leaves, and with the knife edges of the cutting mem
ber so arranged to come together intimately throughout
their length when the spring leaves are urged toward each
other.
Still a further object of this invention resides in the
provision of a simple form of nail clipper, highly suit
able for the trimming of toenails, with cutting edges dis
posed at the side of the clipper, rather than at the end
thereof, and which cutting edges may be straight or
This invention relates to improvements in a nail clipper,
and more particularly to a nail clipper especially designed 10 slightly cu-rvate as desired.
While some of the more salient features, character
for toenails, although it may be used for ?ngernails as
istics and advantages of the instant invention have been
well, as will be apparent to one skilled in the art.
above pointed out, others will become apparent from the
In the past, both nail nippers and nail clippers have
following disclosures, taken in conjunction with the ac
been developed. Nail nippers of the overall or general
purpose type, that is for both ?nger and toenails, and 15 companying drawings, in which:
FIGURE 1 is a plan view of a nail clipper embodying
which resemble the commonly known wire nippers, must
principles of the instant invention showing the same in
of necessity sell at an objectionably high price. On the
other hand, ?ngernail clippers, comprising a pair of super
posed elongated leaves secured together at one end and
operative position for the trimming of a toenail;
FIGURE 2 is a fragmentary side elevational view of
resiliently urged apart at the other end, which other ends 20 the clipper itself;
FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary end View of the clipper
have confronting knife edges, the leaves being urged to
taken from the left-hand side of FIGURE 2; and
gether to close the knife edges by a pivotal lever dis
posed above one of the leaves, could and have been sold
at a reasonable or nominal price, but have proved ine?ec
tual and impractical for use on toenails owing to the
small size and consequent poor leverage as well as the
fact that the knife edges were laterally curvate and toe
nails should be cut straight across. A larger version of
the old and well known ?ngernail clipper has been de
FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary plan view showing a
slightly modi?ed form of construction.
As shown on the drawings:
In the ?rst illustrated embodiment of the instant inven
tion, seen in FIGURES l, 2 and 3, the clipper includes
superposed spring leaves 1 and 2 having confronting faces
secured together adjacent one end of the device by a rivet
veloped ‘for use with toenails, this version differing from 30 3 or the equivalent. By virtue of their own resiliency,
the spring leaves tend to separate from each other at the
the previously known ?ngernail clipper mainly in size
opposite end of the device as seen best in FIGURE 2.
so as to provide adequate leverage for the cutting of
The separation of the leaves 1 and 2 is limited by means
toenails. However, with the knife edges disposed trans
of a stud 4 ?xed in the lower spring leaf 2 and freely
versely to the longitudinal axes of the leaves bearing those
edges, such device was both inet?cient and unsafe to use 35 projecting through a suitable aperture in the upper spring
leaf. The stud 4 is provided with a notch as indicated
at 5, and an actuating lever 6 having a bifurcated for
ward end portion 7 with the furcations disposed on oppo
site sides of the stud 4, also has a cross-piece 8 between
the device is disposed directly in front of the toe being 40 the fu-rca-tions 7 engaged within the notch 5.
At the spread separated ends thereof the leaves 1 and 2
worked upon. When such clippers were utilized for ?-n
are provided with laterally disposed knife edges. The
'gernails that di?iculty did not occur because the hand
and ?ngers can readily be turned sidewise to accommo
leaf 1 has a lateral projection 9 thereon, which may be
attached to the leaf or integral therewith as may be pre
date the device. So, even though heretofore a device has
for toenails, and in most cases it was substantially im
possible or impractical to properly trim a toenail. That is
because the device must be held with the hand in an in
verted position and an awkward bend in the wrist so that
been produced of the clipper style for toenails, it has 45 ferred, and this projection carries a downwardly turned
knife or cutting edge 10 which projects beyond the adja
proven unsatisfactory and unsafe to use for that purpose.
cent confronting face of the leaf. The leaf 2 has a simi
With the foregoing in mind, it is an important object
lar lateral projection 11 carrying an upwardly turned and
of the instant invention to provide a nail cutter of the
clipper type, so constructed that toenails may be easily, 50 projecting knife or cutting edge 12 confronting the edge
10. The edges are normally spaced apart by the resiliency
safely, and properly trimmed.
Another object of the invention is the provision of a
nail clipper, constructed for the trimming of toenails
with the hand of the operator disposed in a relaxed and
of the leaves 1 and 2, and are only brought into contact
with each other when a cut is being made.
It will be
noted ‘from the showing in FIGURES 1 and 2 that the
natural positionzand With the actual line of severance of 55 cutting edges 10 and 12 are preferably’ straight and sub
stantially parallel to the longitudinal axes of the leaves
the nail plainly visible to the user at all times.
1 and 2.
Also a feature of this invention is the provision of a
nail clipper, highly desirable for the trimming of toenails,
It will be noted, however, that the cutting edges 10 and
and embodying a pair of leaf members resiliently held
separated at one end, these members being provided with
confronting knife edges at that end but with the knife
12 are deeper at their outer ends than they are at their
inner ends, and gradually decrease in thickness toward
the inner ends, whereby when the spring leaves 1 and 2
edges substantially paralleling the longitudinal axes of
are moved toward each other the cutting edges will con
the leaves.
It is also a desideratum of this invention to provide a
tact evenly and intimately throughout their entire length
to insure a proper and clean cut. It should also be noted
nail cutter of the clipper type embodying a pair of spring 65 that the means to close the leaves, comprising the actuat
leaves or the like carrying confronting cutting edges, but
ing lever 6 are located between the longitudinal axis of
the leaf 1 and the adjacent knife edge '10, and, more par
with the cutting edges disposed at the sides of the leaves
ticularly, extends further laterally toward the cutting
adjacent one end of the device, rather than across the
edges from the longitudinal axis of the leaf 1 than to
forward edges of the leaves as has been ‘done heretofore.
Another object of this invention is the provision of a 70 ward the opposite side of the leaf, so that one of the
nail cutter of the clipper type with a cutting member
carried on each of a pair of spring leaves at the sides of
furcations 7 and the stud 4 are over the projection 9 on
the ‘upper spring leaf 1, whereby when the actuating lever
3,088,204
4
3
is pressed, pressure is applied immediately adjacent the
'3. In a nail clipper, a pair of elongated ?at leaves in
cutting edges.
superposed relationship and secured together adjacent
As is well known to physicians, chiropodists, podia
trists, and the like, in order to avoid ingrown nails, toe
one end of the clipper and resiliently separated at the
other end, a lateral extension on each said leaf adjacent
the unsecured end thereof, and downwardly and up
wardly extending confronting knife edges on the upper
nails are preferably cut straight across rather than given
an arouate con?guration as is the case with ?ngernails.
and lower extensions, respectively, said knife edges being
straight and generally paralleling the longitudinal axes
The straight edges 10 and 12 on the instant clipper readily
provide the desired straight out as indicated at 13 in FIG
URE 1 where the device is shown as trimming a nail 14
of said leaves.
10
on a toe 15.
'
4. In a nail clipper, a pair of elongated ?at leaves in
superposed relationship and secured together adjacent one
In operation, the instant invention is extremely simple
end of the clipper and resiliently separated at the other
to use, safe, and accurate in trimming. It is a simple
end, a lateral extension on each said leaf adjacent the
expedient to place one or more ?ngertips beneath the leaf
unsecured end thereof, and downwardly and upwardly
2, and the thumb on the actuating lever 6, or vice versa,
and press the lever 6 toward the leaf 1. It will be noted 15 extending confronting knife edges on the upper and lower
extensions, respectively, said knife edges being concavely
from the showing in FIGURE 2 that the forward end of
arcuate but generally paralleling .the longitudinal axes of
the lever 6 is bent in the region of the furcations at an
said leaves.
angle to the remainder of thelever, and a cam 16 on the
5. In a nail clipper, a pair of spring leaves secured to
underside of the lever operates against a cam formation
gether at one end of the clipper rand inherently separating
17 on the upper leaf 1 to force the leaves 1 and 2 toward
at the other end, a knife edge on the side of each leaf
each other and bring the cutting edges 10 and 12 together
adjacent the separated end, said knife edges confronting
to trim a nail. It will be noted that during this operation
each other, said knife edges being deeper at the outer
the hand is in a normal and easy position substantially
ends than the inner ends and gradually decreasing in
at right angles to the nail ‘being worked upon, the line of
out is readily visible, the nail is cut accurately and safely, 25 depth toward the inner ends to insure contact throughout
the full lengths thereof, and means to close said leaves
and there is no awkwardness involved in the operation
to bring the knife edges into cutting relationship, said
which may be accomplished in connection with toenails
means being located between the longitudinal axis of one
in far less time than was possible heretofore with the
of the leaves and the adjacent knife edge so as to apply
formerly known clipper. When the device is not in use,
it is a simple expedient to pivot the lever 6 forwardly 30 pressure immediately adjacent ‘the cutting edges.
6. In a nail clipper, a pair of elongated flat leaves in
until it is in inverted position, then turn it laterally and
superposed relationship and secured together adjacent one
drop it upon the upper leaf 1 with the rear end of the
end of the clipper and resiliently separated at the other
lever seated between a pair of upstanding lugs 18-18
end, a lateral extension on each said leaf adjacent the
on that leaf.
In FIGURE 4 I have illustrated a slightly different 35 unsecured end thereof, and downwardly and upwardly
form of the invention, wherein the knife edges are given
extending con-fronting knife edges onthe upper and lower
an arcuate shape as indicated at 19. Otherwise the struc—
ture is. the same as previously described. The arcuate
extensions, respectively, means to close said leaves to
bring said edges into cutting- relationship, said means pro
jecting laterally over said extensions to apply pressure
shaped knife edges ‘are still disposed on the side of the
device rather than at the end thereof and are possibly of 40 immediately adjacent the cutting edges.
7. In a nail clipper,
a more desirable shapefor ?ngernail trimming or for
a pair'of'spring' leaves having confronting faces secured
those who also desire [an arcuate cut to a toenail notwith
standing the recommended ‘straight cut.
together in face-to-face relation ‘at one end of the
The device is
operable in the same manner as the previously described
. structure and just as easily.
45
From the foregoing, it is apparent that I have provided
a simple form of nail clipper, highly desirable ‘for use in
trimming toenails, which is operable in an easy natural
and safe manner, which is highly durable, and may be 50
economically manufactured.
It will be understood that modi?cations and variations
may be e?fected without depanting from the scope of the
novel concepts of the present invention.
I claim as my invention:
1. A nail clipper comprising a pair of superposed leaves
secured together at one end of the clipper and resiliently
separated at the other end, confronting knife edges one
clipper and inherently separating at the other end,
a knife edge on the side ‘of each leaf adjacent the sepa
rated end and projecting beyond the con-fronting face
of the respective leaf,
said knife edges confronting each other and gradually
decreasing in depth toward their inner ends to insure
even contact when brought together,
and means to close said leaves to bring the knife edges
into cutting relationship,
said means being located between the longitudinal axis
55
on the side of each leaf in the region of leaf separation,
and means to close said leaves- to bring the knife edges 60
into cutting relationship, said means extending farther
laterally toward the knife edges from the longitudinal axis
of the upper leaf than toward the opposite side of the leaf
to apply pressure immediately-adjacent the cutting edges.
2. In a nail clipper, a pair of elongated ?at leaves in
superposed relationship and secured together ‘adjacent one
end of the clipper and resiliently separated at the other
end, a lateral extension on‘ each said leaf adjacent the
of one of the leaves and the adjacent knife edge so
as to apply pressure immediately adjacent the cutting
edges.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
890,922
1,426,696
2,460,522
2,570,025
2,664,624
2,739,379
2,753,626
unsecured end thereof, and downwardly and upwardly
extending confronting knife edges on the upper and lower 70
extensions, respectively.
7 '
Pettibone ____________ __ June 16, 1908
Weisenberg __' ________ __ Aug. 22,192
Miller ________________ __ Feb. 1,
Davis ________________ __ Oct. 2,
Bassett _______________ __ Ian. 5,
Bassett _____________ __ Mar. 27,
Bowers ______________ __ July 10,
1949
1951
1954
1956
‘1956
FOREIGN PATENTS
27,626
Great Britain _____ __,________ of 1906
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