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Патент USA US3088243

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May 7, 1963
H. w. GESCHKA
3,088,233
momma PRESSES
_ Filed March 17, 1961
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
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May 7, 1963
H. w. GESCHKA
3,088,233
momma PRESSES
Filed March 1'7, 1961
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2 Sheets-Sheet 2
' VINVENTOR 1
HUGO WERNER GESCHKA
BY
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Patented May 7., 1953
2
the upper shoe further downwards it stretches the article
and causes it to conform to the shape of the shoe. In
3,988,233
IRONING PRESSES
Hugo Werner Geschka, Ginsterweg, Angermund Bezirk,
Dusseldorf, Germany, assignor to Maschinenfabrik
Peter Pfenningsherg G.m.h.H., Lintorf Bezirk, Dussel
dort, Germany
Filed Mar. 17, 1961, Ser. No. 96,475
(Ilaims priority, applican'on Germany Mar. 24, 195i}
6 Claims. ((31. 38-34)
this way folds or creases in the article, such as occur
with the known presses for collars and cutfs, are avoided.
An ironing press in accordance with the invention is
illustrated, by way of example, in the accompanying draw
ing, in which:
FIGURE 1 is a front-elevational view of the press;
FIGURE 2 is a side-elevational view of the upper and
10
This invention relates to a small ironing press which
is intended particularly for the household or for small
lower ironing shoes;
FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary front view showing an ad
justing mechanism for the lower shoe which is arranged
on the side of the press table;
FIGURE 4 is a side-elevational view ‘of the press; and
Known small ironing presses are usually mounted on
FIGURE 5 is a plan view of the lower shoe.
15
a short socket which resiliently supports the table of the
Referring to the drawing, the ironing press is provided
press and carries on a projecting arm a pressure plate
with a support base 1 forming a socket in which the
which is hinged or pivoted to the arm. Actuating
table or buck 2 of the press is telescopically guided by
handles, by means of which the pressure plate can be
means of a spring-biased cylindrical sleeve 3. The pres
pressed against the press table, are disposed above the
sure plate or head 5 and the actuating mechanism 6 for
pressure plate. The ironing press is provided with heat
pressing the head against the buck Z are mounted on a
ing means which is usually built into the pressure plate.
projecting arm 4 which can swing about a horizontal
The length of the press table, as well as that of the pres
axis. The generally concave upper pressing~shoe member
sure plate, is usually not more than one meter, so that
7 is mounted laterally on the pressure head 5 and, when
an ironiing press of this kind can be set up on a table in
25 the head 5 is moved downwards, bears against the convex
a room.
lower-shoe member 8 on the press buck 2 and presses
Smooth parts of washed articles, for example the front
against it. The lower shoe 8 can be lowered down to the
and back in the case of shirts, can be properly ironed with
plane 21 of the press table or even below this by moving
presses of this kind. On the other hand, for example,
the manually operable actuating handle 9 in the direc
the collars and cuffs of shirts cannot be satisfactorily 30 tion of the arrow 10 and thereby brought, for example,
pressed, that is to say they cannot be made suf?cient-ly
into the lower position or inoperative position illustrated
smooth. For this purpose, separate presses having one
in dotted lines.
or more pressure shoes are necessary for the collars and
The article to be ironed, for example a shirt, is pushed
cuffs. These pressure shoes are angularly bent or curved,
in the direction of the arrow 12 on to the press table or
the radius of curvature amounting to from ?fty to several 35 buck 2 which is preferably ?at. After this the smooth
hundred millimeters. Such presses have only been used
parts, namely the front and vback of the shirt, are pressed
in the home to a limited extent owing to their high cost.
by lowering the pressure plate 5. During this operation
On the other hand, small ironing apparatus have been
the lower shoe 8 which is attached to the side of the plate
industrial establishments.
used in the home for pressing the smooth parts of Washed
articles, the collars and cuifs almost always being ironed
by hand. Such a procedure, however, is awkward and
2 is in the lower position indicated by the reference nu
meral 11. After this, for pressing the collar and cu?s the
handle 9 is brought into the position illustrated in FIG
time-consuming, the more so because each article, after
URE 1 whereby the lower shoe ‘8' is moved into its raised
being pressed, must ?rst be hung up and later must again
or operating position. The part to be pressed is placed
be taken in hand for ironing.
smoothly over the ?anks v8' of the surface of the lower
The object of the invention is to provide a small ironing 45 shoe and the pressure plate 5 is then lowered. As will be
press which does not possess the above-mentioned dis
seen from FIGURE 2 the angle a which the ?anks 7' of
advantages and enables, for example in the case of shirts,
the upper shoe 7 make with one another is smaller than
the smooth parts such as the front and back, as well as
the angle 12 enclosed by he ?anks 8" of the lower shoe.
the collars and ends to be pressed in one operation. This
On pressing the upper shoe against the lower shoe, a
result is achieved in accordance with the invention in that
tensile force is, therefore, exerted on the article to be
the ironing press is provided with an ironing shoe com
pressed, the force acting in the direction of the arrows
prising an upper and lower part, of which the upper shoe
13, 14. The upper shoe 7 may be provided with a heat
is mounted on the pressure plate and the lower shoe on the
press table, and the height of at least one of the two
shoe parts is adjustable. Then, with this press, shirts,
collars, and cuffs, frocks and the like can be ?nished in
one operation. To do this the smooth parts of the article
are ?rst pressed in the usual manner, and after this, for
ing means 15 in the usual manner.
An adjusting device for the lower shoe 8 is illustrated
in FIGURE 3. In the example illustrated, a vertical guide
slot 16 for guiding the guide members 17 of the lower
shoe 8 in a straight line is provided on the press table 2.
A rod, which is connected to the handle g and is movably
example after raising the lower ironing shoe, the collars
guided in the lower part of the press table 2, carries on
and cuffs are pressed. According to a further feature of 60 the end adjacent the shoe 8' a head 18 which is connected
the invention, the adjustment of the height of the ironing
by a link 19 in toggle lever fashion to the lower shoe 8.
shoe is e?iected by actuating a handle preferably con
The lever system 18, 19 is preferably such that, when the
nected by a pair of levers, which can be brought into
shoe 8 is in the raised position illustrated in FIGURE 3,
a dead-center position, to the ironing shoe which is guided
the system is in an upper dead-centre position, so that the
on the ironing table, preferably in a vertical guide slot. 65 shoe is ?xed relative to the press table 2. By moving the
It is only necessary, therefore, to operate one handle in
handle 9 in the direction of the arrow 10 the link 19
order to bring the ironing shoe into the operating posi
is moved into the position 20, and the lower shoe 8 is
tion and ?x it in this position.
lowered, that is to say moved into the position indicated
According to a further feature of the invention, the
the dotted line 11.
?anks of the pressure surfaces of the upper ironing shoe 70 byThe
new ironing press can be modi?ed in many respects
include a smaller angle than those of the lower shoe. The
without departing from the invention. Thus, for exam
result of this is that ?rst the outer ?anks of the ironing
ple, the height of both the lower and the upper shoe may
shoe are placed on the article to be pressed and on pressing
3,088,233
be adjustable. Also the lower or upper shoe can be ar
ranged at another place on the press table or on the pres
sure plate and can be moved away from the plane 21 of
the tab-1e 2 by another adjusting device. This can be ef
fected, for example,‘ by swinging or rotating the corre
sponding ironing shoe. The supporting socket 1 with the
guide sleeve 3 for the press table 2 is preferably displaced
from the middle. of the table in the direction towards the
ironing shoes 7, 8.
I claim:
1. In an ironing press, in combination, a support, a
buck mounted on said support having a generally horizon
tally extending ironing surface, a head displaceably
mounted on said support for movement toward and away
4
said lower shoe member is engageable with said upper
shoe member upon displacement of said head toward said
surface and an inoperative position wherein said lower
shoe member is withdrawn from engagement with said
upper shoe member upon said displacement of said head,
each of said members having a curved central portion
and a pair of substantially straight portions ?anking said
curved portion, the straight portions of said lower shoe
member including between them an angle greater than
that included between the straight portions of said upper
shoe member whereby material to be ironed is stretched
outwardly between said pressing-shoe members.
5. In an ironing press, in combination, a support, a
buck mounted on said support having an ironing surface,
from said surface, a generally concave upper pressing 15 a head displaceably mounted on said support for move
shoe member mounted on said head along a lateral edge
ment toward and away from said surface, a generally con
thereof, a convex lower pressing-shoe member shiftably
cave upper pressing-shoe member mounted on said head
mounted on said buck for displacement transversely to
along an edge thereof, a convex lower pressing-shoe mem
said surface, said lower shoe member being disposed along
ber shiftably mounted on said buck for displacement
a corresponding edge of said buck, and manually operable 20 transversely to said surface, said lower shoe member ‘be;
actuating means for displacing said lower shoe member
ing disposed along a corresponding edge of said buck, and
relatively to said buck into a working position wherein
actuating means on said buck for displacing said lower
said lower shoe member is engageable with said upper shoe
shoe member relatively to said buck between a working
member upon displacement of said head toward said sur
position wherein said lower shoe member extends beyond
face and an inoperative position wherein said lower shoe 25 said surface in the direction of said head and an inopera
member is withdrawn from engagement with said upper
tive position wherein said lower shoe member is offset
shoe member upon said displacement of said head.
from said surface in the opposite direction.
2. The combination according to claim 1 wherein said
6. In an ironing press, in combination, a support, a
lower shoe member is slidable relatively to said buck,
buck resiliently mounted on said support having a gen
said actuating means comprising a manually shiftable 30 erally horizontally extend-ing ironing surface, a head dis
handle displaceable generally parallel to said surface and a
placeably mounted on said support for movement toward
link member pivotally secured to said lower shoe member
and away from said surface, a generally concave upper
at a ?rst pivot and to said handle at a second pivot, said
pressing-shoe member mounted on said head along an
pivots lying along the line parallel to the direction of dis
thereof, a convex lower pressing-shoe member shift
placement of said lower shoe member in the working posi 35 edge
ably mounted on ‘said buck for displacement transversely
tion thereof, thereby locking said lower shoe member
relatively to said buck in said working position.
to said surface, said lower shoe member being disposed
along a corresponding edge of said buck, and actuating
3. The combination according to claim 1 wherein said
means on said ‘buck for displacing said lower shoe mem~
support is offset from a median plane of said buck trans
verse to said surface and parallel to the direction of dis 40 ber relatively to sai dbuck between a working position
wherein said lower shoe member extends above said sur
placement of said lower shoe member toward the latter.
face in the direction of said head and an inoperative posi
4. In an ironing press, in combination, a support, a
tion wherein ‘said lower shoe member lies below said
buck mounted on said support having a generally hori
surface.
zontally extending ironing surface, a head displaceably
mounted on said support for movement toward and away 45
from said surface, a generally concave upper pressing
shoe member mounted on said head along a lateral edge
thereof, a convex lower pressing-shoe member shiftably
mounted on said buck for displacement transversely to
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,141,902
Palmer _______________ __ June 1, 1915
said surface, said lower shoe member being disposed along 50 1,823,482
a corresponding edge of said buck, and manually operable
2,124,898
Bausman ____________ _._ Sept. 15, 1931
Shepard _____________ __ July 26, 1938
. actuating means for displacing said lower shoe member
relatively to said buck into a working position wherein
2,327,492
Braun ______________ __ Aug. 24, 1943 .
2,370,553
Lornitzo _____________ __ Feb. 27, 1945
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