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Патент USA US3088253

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May 7, 1963
Filed April 13, 1960
Andrew N. Giardina
sates Fae
Patented May 7, 1963
in place, it is necessary to provide a plurality of support
elements 10. These support elements 10 are integrally
molded to the contour strip ‘11 inwardly at spaced inter
Andrew N. Giardina, Leetsdale, Pa, assignor to General
Molds & Plastics Corp., Leetsdaie, Pa.
vals along the entire contour of periphery of the plastic
strip. Support elements 10 have ends which provide rests
Filed Apr. 13, 1959, Ser. No. 21,971
4- Claims. (Cl. 46—123)
on which panels 12 are directly supported along their en
tire peripheries. The ends of support elements 10 are
spaced from the inner edge of ‘head 11a by the thickness
This invention relates to a plastic toy construction and,
of panel 12a. Likewise, the ends of support elements 10
more particularly, to a toy made of plastic and hard paper
10 are spaced from the inner edge of bead 11 by the thick
or cardboard, in combination.
mess of panel 11|as shown in FIG. 3.
An outstanding disadvantage of plastic toys of well
There are also support elements 10b within the body
known type is that they use a considerable amount of
itself of the toy. For example, there are integral plastic
plastic material, therefore are somewhat expensive. Fur
cross strips, such as 9, each of which has integrally
thermore, the smooth and impervious characteristic of
molded on both sides thereof one or more support ele
plastic makes it di?icult and costly to make artistic ?g
ments 1012 so as to directly support intermediate or cen
ures or designs thereon.
tral portions of the panel 12. Furthermore, the cross
strips 9 together with strip 2 form a rigid plastic frame
An object of my invention is to provide a novel, plastic
toy construction which is devoid of the above named dis
work for maintaining a predetermined contour or curva
advantages and which is comparatively inexpensive and
enables application of artistic designs thereon.
ture of strip 2 and prevent outward spreading apart of
confronting portions of the con-tour strip.
A further object of the invention is to provide a novel,
Leg and ‘foot portions 12a and 12b respectively, are
composite plastic and paper toy which is easy to manu
with metal or plastic pivots 10a and 13b in order
facture and assemble, also which is rugged and has com
to give the leg and foot movements simulating those of a
paratively long life.
Other objects and advantages will become ‘apparent 25 dog. More speci?cally, as plastic wheels 5, having
knurled peripheries, roll on the ?oor sur?ace, the plastic
from a study of the following description taken with the
integral pivots 13b carried thereby will move ‘foot panels
accompanying drawing wherein:
12b like a crank arm, which, in turn, by means of a plastic
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a plastic toy dog em
metal pivotal connection 100 with leg portions 12a,
bodying cardboard panels in accordance with the present 30 or
will cause rotational movement of leg portion 12a about
metal axle 10a as a pivot and thereby simulate walking
movements of "a dog.
The various pivots 10a, 10c and 13b serve a dual func
FIG. 2 is an enlarged, ‘fragmentary view of an inter
mediate portion of the toy shown in FIG. 1 with the card
board panels removed for the purpose of more clearly
showing the internal construction; and,
FIG. 3 is a vertical, cross-sectional View taken along
line IlI—l1l of FIG. 2.
Referring more particularly to FIG. 1 of the drawing,
tion, namely, they serve :as pivots for obtaining the leg
numeral 1 generally denotes a toy dog made essentially
of plastic material and comprising a contour forming strip
2 of suitable ?exible plastic material, such as polyethyl
ene, which strip is continuous. Similar contour forming
strips 3 and 4 of the same ?exible plastic material are
used for de?ning the contours of the front and rear feet,
movements described above, furthermore, they extend
outwardly to the same extent as support elements \10, so
as to serve also ‘as stops or support elements for panels
12, as can be seen vmore clearly in FIG. 3, Iwherein ‘axle
10a acts as a direct support for both panels 12a on each
side of the dog and, similarly, plastic pivots 13b provided
with enlarged end portions serve not only as pivots for the
'feet portions but as support elements for directly support
ing the inner or body portion of panels 12b. Each of the
in the front and rear leg and foot portions is pro
likewise, similar contour forming ?exible plastic strips 6 45 panels
similar pivotal elements which serve equally
and 7 de?ne the front and rear legs, respectively. Each
as stop elements for supporting the various panels cen
of the above ‘described contour ‘forming strips has at each
trally thereof so as to maintain rigidity thereof and pre
edge, an inwardly projecting integral extension or head
vent collapsing.
of ‘substantially triangular cross—section, such as head '11
As wheels 5 rotate, ‘gear 15, rigidly mounted thereon,
for strip 2, bead 11b for strip 3, and bead 11a for strip 6,
intermittently engages a leaf spring 16 so as to provide
which serve as stops or ledges to ?rmly hold ?at body
panels 12, 12b and 12a, respectively, of hard paper or
an intermittent clicking noise as a consequence of vibra
tion of the leaf spring. It will be understood that the side
of the dog opposite that shown in FIG. 1 has the same
12, in place, that is, so as to clear the bead 11. After 55 construction of legs, rfeet etc.
The above described construction of a toy dog, of
panel 12 is inserted in place, bead 11 springs back be;
course, is exemplary as to how the present invention is
cause of the ?exibility of strip 2 so as to serve as a stop
applicable for making any toy having any contour since
to prevent outward movement of panel 12. This same
the same principles are useful for making the body por
action is provided by similar beads in other parts, for ex
ample, bead 11zz prevents the cardboard panel 12a from 60 tion or portions of any toy, which portions are de?ned by
contour strips such as 2 which are provided with a lip
moving outwardly of the leg forming strip 6, and bead
cardboard ?rmly in place. Confronting edge portions of
strip 2 can be spread apart to permit insertion of panel
11b prevents cardboard panel 12-11 from moving outwardly
portion throughout at both outer edges of the strip» (or
of foot forming strip 3. It is highly advantageous to
make the ?at panels, such as 12, 12a and 12b, of heavy
?at cardboard from being pushed too far inside, ‘also
paper, such as cardboard, or other materials which are 65
less expensive than plastic yet which will allow easy draw
ing of features of the dog, such as his eyes, ears, ‘body, etc.
Cardboard panels 12, 12a and 12b are, of course, very
inexpensive in cost as compared to panels made of plas
one edge only) to serve as supports for restraining the
having intermediate cross strips, such as 9 to form a frame.
Although the panels are more easily made of ?at card
board paper it should be noted that in some instances
they may be made of outwardly bulged or molded paper
to give 1a three dimensional e?ect to the panels, in which
case of course, the various support elements must be pro
tic and present an absorbent surface to permit easy paint 70 jected
outward enough so as to contact and directly sup
ing or drawing of ?gures.
In order to hold the various panels, such as panel 12,
port the panel.
Thus it will be seen that I have provided a relatively in
ments are integrally molded on the inner wall surface of
expensive combination plastic and cardboard toy which
may be made of relatively inexpensive parts and which
said strip at spaced intervals throughout the entire length
or contour of the strip, said support elements having op
can be easily ‘and quickly assembled, which parts are
posite ends for directly supporting said panels.
?rmly held-in place by an interlocking relationship‘ be;
3. A toy as recited in claim 1 wherein said cross strips
tween the paper and plastic portions of the toy, and which
areof plastic material integrally molded to said strip and
cardboard panelsgreatly facilitate drawing thereon of
have integrally molded plastic support elements‘extending
body‘ design features to make the toy more life-like and
lighter in weight.
from both sides thereof and directly supporting the ‘in
. While I have illustrated and described a single speci?c 10
embodiment of my invention, it will be understood that
this is‘ by Way of illustration only, ‘and that various
changes and modi?cations may be made within the con
templation of my invention and within the scope of the
following claims.
I claim:
tending at right angles through said body portion and
plastic material pivotally mounted on each end of said
15 axle outside of said panels, each of said last mentioned
each extending between and interconnecting opposite con
fronting portions of said strip to provide a framework
for maintaining a predetermined contour ‘of said strip, a 25
cardboard panel bearing an artistic design and held within
the con?nes of said strip by said bead portion at each
edge of said strip, and support elements rigidly secured
to and projecting inwardly of said strip for directly sup
> 2. -A toy ‘as recited in claim 1 wherein said support ele
4. A toy as recited in claim 1 together with an axle ex
rigidly held with respect to said strip, and having axle
receiving portions de?ned in contour by strips of ?exible
1. A toy comprising a transversely and longitudinally
?exible plastic strip forming a closed loop de?ning the
contour of a body portion thereof of irregular outline,
said strip having an inwardly projecting molded bead por 20
tion extending along each edge portion of the strip valong
the entire length thereof, a plurality of spaced cross-strips,
porting the body portions of said panels.
terior surfaces of said panels.
strips having a head portion extending inwardly along the‘
outer edge thereof, a panel of cardboard of corresponding
contour, whose peripheral portion is directly held by said
bead portion and restrained from outward movement.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
Freeman _____________ _- Feb. 4, 1896
Smith _______________ __ Nov. 20, 1900
r 932,982
Gregory _____________ __ Aug. 31, 1909
Wilcox ______________ __ Apr. 12, 1938
Metz ________________ __ Oct. 14, 1952
Ebb ____________ __l_____ Jan. 5, 1960
Italy _______________ __ Aug. 26, 1952
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