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Патент USA US3088429

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May 7, 1963
3,088,422
o. E. KAESLIN
ADJUSTABLE POLE HANGER FOR CLOTHES
Filed June 22, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Fig. 2
Oscar E. Kaes/in
May 7, 1963
o. E. KA_ESLIN
3,088,422
ADJUSTABLE POLE HANGER FOR CLOTHES
Filed June 22, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Fig. 5
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3,088,422
Patented May 7., 1963
2
FIGURE 1 is a front elevation of a clothes closet with
3,088,422
the dual adjustable pole hanger of the present invention
ADJUSTABLE POLE HANGER FOR CLOTHES
Oscar E. Kaeslin, 1444 SW. 27th Court,
incorporated therein;
FIGURE 2 is a vertical sectional view taken substan
Fort Lauderdale, Fla.
Filed June 22, 1960, Ser. No. 38,010
11 Claims. (Cl. 108-29)
tially upon a plane passing along section line 2——2 of
FIGURE 1 illustrating further structural details of the
invention;
The present invention generally relates to a clothes
FIGURE 3 is a partial perspective view of the support
hanger assembly and more particularly to an assembly
ing bracket for the hanger of the present invention;
for use within the interior of a clothes closet.
FIGURE 4 is a detailed sectional view taken substan
10
Clothes closets normally are provided with a clothes
tially upon a plane passing along section line 4-4 of
pole or poles either extending from front to rear or
FIGURE 1 illustrating the manner of supporting the
from side to side of the closet in which the entire length
poles from the vertical support members;
of the pole or poles is disposed at the same elevation.
FIGURE 5 is a plan view of a conventional closet
Normally, there is a single shelf overlying the poles or 15 having front to rear end poles and illustrating a dual
pole for supporting various articles. In order to sup
pole hanger attachment employed therein and illustrating
port the clothes pole or poles, there is usually provided
the movable relationship thereof;
a wood cleat or strip on the interior of the closet which
FIGURE 6 is an enlarged vertical sectional view taken
not only supports the pole or poles but also forms a
substantially upon a plane passing along section line 6-6
supporting ledge on which the shelf or shelves are
of FIGURE 5 illustrating the clothes hanger assembly
mounted. Generally, the length of the clothes pole is
in side elevation;
inadequate for purposes of supporting the desired quan
FIGURE 7 is an enlarged detailed sectional view taken
tity of clothes. Further, it is also quite usual for clothes
substantially upon a plane passing along section line 7-—7
of varying lengths to be supported from the clothes pole
of FIGURE 6 illustrating the manner of supporting the
or poles in a closet. For example, certain types of 25 hanger assembly from the wall attached trackway; and
clothes are shorter than others. For example, a dress,
FIGURE 8 is an enlarged detailed plan sectional view
long coat or the like is substantially twice the length
taken substantially upon a plane passing along section
of blouses, skirts, shirts, suits, trousers and the like.
line 8-8 of FIGURE 6 illustrating the arrangement of
Therefore, it is the primary object of the present inven
the lower plate and the manner in which a lower roller
tion to provide an assembly for use in a clothes closet 30 is engaged with a plate.
which will effectively split the clothes closet into different
areas, one area for supporting long garments and the
other area including two vertically spaced and adjustable
hanger poles for supporting shorter garments thereby in
creasing the effective supporting length of hanger pole
Referring now speci?cally to the drawings and particu
larly to FIGURES 1-4, the numeral 10 generally desig
nates the dual pole assembly of the present invention
which is incorporated into a conventional enclosure such
35 as a clothes closet indicated by numeral 12. Normally,
which can .be incorporated into a closet.
The present invention also has for another object the
provision of a movable framework supported within
closets already in use over six feet in length where the
the clothes closet would be provided with a peripheral
the shelves normally overlying the existing clothes hanger
brackets generally designated by numeral 26 and which
cleat 14 attached to the side walls and also along the
back wall and the cleat would support a single pole hanger
and a single shelf thereon. In the present invention,
ends are enclosed and have two front to rear poles, the 40 the cleat 14 is still employed and it supports one end
framework having two vertically spaced hanger rods
of a pair of clothes poles 16 and 18 by virtue of the poles
mounted thereon for supporting ‘two rows of vertical gar
16 and 18 extending into a socket 15 in the cleat '14 in
ments with the frame being movably supported from the
a usual manner. The cleat 14 also supports a pair of
closet for movement in relation to the conventionally
shelves 2t} and 22 by virtue of the shelves resting on the
provided clothes hanger poles in this type of closet so 45 ledge formed by the cleat 14. Disposed above the cleat
that the frame may be moved to a point adjacent one of
14 is another cleat 24 to which is attached a pair of
poles already in the closet so that normal access can
be had to the other normally provided clothes hanger
pole.
Another and most important object of the present in
vention is to provide an adjustable clothes hanger pole
assembly which may be incorporated into substantially
includes a horizontal member 28 of angle iron construc
50
tion having a laterally extending attaching lug 30 integral
with the inner end thereof.
Pivotally attached to the
outer end of the horizontal member 28 is an upwardly
extending inclined member 32 connected thereto by a
pivot bolt 34 or the like. Attached to the upper end
any conventional and existing clothes closet structure and
of the inclined member 32 is an L-shaped attaching
built into newly constructed closets without undue modi 55 bracket 36 connected thereto by a pivot bolt, rivet or
?cation of the closet with the entire assembly being quite
the like designated by numeral 38. The attaching brack
easy to install and extremely inexpensive to manufacture.
ets 3t} and 36 extend toward the side walls of the cabinet
Another important feature of the dual clothes closet
and the horizontal ?ange 29 on the horizontal member
hanger pole is the facility with which children’s clothes
218 for-ms a supporting ledge for an additional shelf mem
are hung from the lower pole thereby enabling them to 60 ber 40 which rests on the edge formed by the cleat 24
be easily obtained by small children. The adjustable
and may be attached to the ledge formed by the hori
construction of the dual poles enables the poles to be
zontal ?ange of the horizontal member 28. The hori
oriented in the most advantageous manner depending
zontal member 28 is also employed to support the inner
upon the size of the garment to be supported on the
clothes hanger pole.
These together with other objects and advantages which
will become subsequently apparent reside in the details
of construction and operation as more fully hereinafter
described and claimed, reference being had to the accom
panying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein like
numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which:
ends of shelves 20 and 22 and additionally serve to sta
bilize the vertical support means 42.
Each of the brackets 26 supports a vertical support
member 42 by virtue of the bolt 34 also extending
through the support member 42 which may be in the form
of an elongated wood strip or any equivalent member.
Disposed in the forward edge or outer edge of the wood
strip 432 is a plurality of sockets 44 which are upwardly
3,088,422
3
inclined towards the outer edge of the strip for receiving
removable pins 46 which extend through transverse hanger
poles 48 constructed of tubular pipe or the like thus
4
being required and requiring very little effort in the in
stallation of the assembly in the closet. In all instances,
readily available components are employed which retains
adjustably supporting the ihangers 48 in vertically spaced
the manufacturing cost at a minimum and also maintains
position. Also, the inner end of the poles 16 and 18 are
supported by virtue of a pin 46 extending therethrough
reasonably skilled may easily install the assembly in their
and into one of the sockets 44.
own closet.
the installation procedure quite simple whereby persons
Both types of brackets, that is, the stationary type or
In this form: of the invention, clothes hangers 50 are
the slide or glide type are intended for use in present
supported from the clothes poles 16 and 18 in the usual
manner and the dual poles 48 also support hangers having 10 closets and also are intended to ‘be incorporated into new
homes when they are built.
shorter articles of clothing thereon. It is pointed out that
The trend today is to leave the entire length of the
the assembly may be as illustrated in FIGURE 1 or it
closet open at front and enclose the open front with by~
may be that the closet would only be as wide as the
pass sliding doors or accordion type folding panel doors
area between one side wall and the vertical support mem
ber 42 remote therefrom with the vertical support mem
ber 42 connected directly to the side wall of the closet.
In either form of the invention, the same arrangement is
employed, that is, the arrangement where a pair of pole
type hangers are provided which are vertically spaced
and vertically adjustable together with a single type pole
in the usual position together with a single or double shelf
arrangement. The particular construction of the vertical
hangers or support members and the particular construc
tion of the poles and the brackets may be varied as long
as the orientation of the components is retained with the
various modi?cations of the components falling within the
purview of the present invention.
Referring now speci?cally to the construction shown
in FIGURES 5-8, a closet having the ends enclosed is
illustrated and is designated by numeral 54. This type
of closet is normally provided with a pair of shelves 56
therein extending from front to rear at the sides of the
closet with a clothes pole or hanger 58 disposed under
each shelf 56. The assembly of the shelf and hanger at
each side of the closet is conventional. However, in the
area between the shelves 56 which normally would be con
sidered the back wall of the closet, there is provided an
attachment ‘generally designated by the numeral 60 which
includes a pair of substantially U-shaped tubular frame
members ‘62. each including a vertical component 64
parallel to the rear wall, and inwardly extending lower
horizontal components 66 spaced from the floor and an
upper inwardly extending and inclined component 68.
or various hinge devices which will allow the doors to
be split when pulled out to an open position. For this
type of construction, the form of the invention illustrated
in FIGURES 1-4 is best employed.
For closets already in use or planned in new construc
tions having a length of six feet or more and where the
ends of the closet are enclosed as shown in FIGURE 5,
the structure illustrated in FIGURE 5 is ‘best employed.
In this arrangement, each row of garments on each end
requires twenty-two inches of space across the shoulders.
With two rows of garments, one on each end, there is a
requirement of forty-four inches of space. Thus, with
an eighty inch closet, there would be thirty-six inches left
open on the back wall. The dual glide hanger illustrated
in FIGURES 5-8 may be employed with a loss of twelve
inches for travel to allow for removing garments on either
of the conventional end poles running from front to rear
of the closet as shown in FIGURE 5.
As FIGURE 5 illustrates, there are two regular height
poles running from front to rear and assuming that the
closet is twenty-four inches deep, this would provide
‘forty-eight inches of regular pole and two dual poles of
twenty-four inches in length making an additional forty
eight inches of pole. Thus, a combined total of ninety
six inches of garment pole is provided in a closet of
eighty inches where normally there would only be forty
eight inches of regular garment pole. As the closet is in
creased in length, the dual poles will also be increased
accordingly thus adding to the over-all gain of pole length.
The shelving is arranged on the closet having the dual
The vertical components 64 are interconnected ‘by trans
verse tubular poles 70 secured to the vertical component 45 glide pole for the full width and depth of the enclosed
end with one full shelf over the regular pole. Spaced be
64 by bolts 72 or equivalent fasteners. The bolts 72 may
tween the full shelf normally provided and the ceiling is
be received in vertically spaced openings for varying the
another shelf, if desired. Thus, if two full additional
position of the supporting poles 70.
shelves are used, it would be possible to have sixteen
The upper inner end of each of the upper components
68 is supported from a horizontal trackway 74 supported 50 square feet of shelf space.
The form of the invention or stationary dual pole illus
on a cleat 76. The trackway 74 is provided with a U
shaped lower edge portion 78 engaged with and retaining
a roller 80 carried on a bracket 82 attached to the inner
trated in FIGURES 1-4 may be used on any length of
closet from four feet on up. The dual glide arrange
ment illustrated in FIGURE 5 is not practical in closets
end of the upper component 68 of the U-shaped frame
rail ‘62. The lower end of the lower component 66 is 55 much under seventy inches in length. A primary reason
for use of the dual glide pole is that it will provide more
movably engaged with the back wall by virtue of a roller
wall space in the room for better placing of furniture
84 being journaled on a bifurcated end 86 ofthe inwardly
since the closet door or opening may be reduced in size.
extending lower member 66. The roller 84 is provided
The stationary dual pole will allow for more garment
with a peripheral surface 88 of resilient material such as
nylon or the like and the roller engages a horizontal strip 60 pole but requires more front opening. For example, by
using this bracket, the pole is increased from eighty inches
or plate 90 mounted on the rear wall of the closet by
to
one hundred and twelve inches and increased accord
fasteners 92 or the like. Thus, the combination of the
ingly as the length of the closet increases from the stand
rollers 80 and 84 on each of the U-shaped frame rails 62
ard eighty-inch length. Normally, closets are made from
movably supports the attachment 60 for rolling move
ment towards the opposite shelf or end of the closet thus 65 twenty-two to twenty-eight inches deep or from front to
rear with the length thereof varying considerably but very
enabling the entire attachment to be moved to a point
seldom under four feet.
adjacent one of the shelves 56, as illustrated in dotted line
The foregoing is considered as illustrated only of the
position in FIGURE 5, so that complete access can be had
principles
of the invention. Further, since numerous
to the opposite shelf or the opposite hanger pole underly
70 modi?cations and changes will readily occur to those
ing the shelf.
skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to
In each form of the invention, the effective length of
the exact construction and operation shown and described,
closet pole hanger provided in a closet is materially in
and accordingly all suitable modi?cations and equivalents
creased and the structure of the closet has actually been
may be resorted to, falling within the scope of the inven
modi?ed very little and the arrangement may be assembled
with existing closets with very little additional material 75 tion as claimed.
3,088,422
5
,
6
.
1. A combined hanger for clothes and a clothes closet
comprising an assembly including a pair of vertical sup
port members, means supporting the support member in
above the ?rst mentioned clothes pole at conventional
height and one of the pair of poles being below the ?rst
mentioned clothes pole of conventional height, the space
between the pair of clothes poles and the space below the
the interior of the closet, a pair of vertically spaced poles
lowermost pole being free of obstructions for receiving
disposed on said vertical support members for supporting
two vertically superimposed rows of suspended garments,
and means connecting the poles to the support members
for vertical adjustment of the poles, the space between
by increasing the capacity of the closet by supporting the
shorter garments in vertically disposed rows and the
What is claimed as new is as follows:
the poles and below the lower pole being free of obstruc
two rows of shorter garments suspended therefrom there
10
tions for receiving the rows of garments, said means for
longer garments in a single row.
7. A hanger for clothes in a clothes closet comprising a
pair of vertical support members, means adapted to mount
said support members on the rear wall of a closet at a
supporting the vertical support members including a
point spaced from the side walls a su?icient distance so as
bracket including a horizontal member and an upwardly
to allow for the use of a conventional clothes pole, a pair
inclined member attached to the rear wall of the closet, a
?ange on the upper edge of each horizontal member of 15 of vertically spaced poles adjustably secured on the outer
edges of said support members, said outer edges and pair
the bracket, and a shelf member supported from the
of vertically spaced poles adapted to be supported at a
?ange, the rear of the horizontal support member includ
distance from the rear wall of a closet sufficient to accom
ing a laterally offset lug, and a cleat on said wall of the
modate suspended garments.
closet for engagement by the lug and forming a ledge for
8. A hanger for clothes in a clothes closet comprising
supporting the remainder of the shelf.
an assembly including a pair of vertical support members,
2. The structure as de?ned in claim 1 wherein said ver
means supporting the support members comprising a pair
tical supports are each provided with a plurality of verti
of bracket units adapted to be secured to an interior wall
cally spaced sockets with the sockets being disposed in
angular position for receiving a removable pin.
3. The structure as de?ned in claim 2 together with a
of the closet, said units adapted to extend outwardly
from said interior wall, a pair of vertically spaced poles
adjustably disposed on the vertical support members for
supporting vertically superimposed rows of suspended
garments, the vertical support members and poles there
short supporting pole engaged with the cleat on one wall
of the closet and engaged with the support member at the
other end thereof, a shelf overlying said short pole, said
on adapted to be supported by the brackets at a distance
short pole being at a vertical elevation intermediate the
pair of poles supported by and between the support mem 30 from said interior wall suf?cient to accommodate sus
pended garments, said bracket units including horizontal
bers.
members on even height with cleats adapted to be secured
4. The structure as de?ned in claim 3 together with a
to interior walls of the closet, and shelf members sup
short pole extending from the other support member to
ported on said horizontal members and cleats.
the cleat at the other side wall of the cabinet, and a shelf
9. The structure as de?ned in claim 8 together with
supported from the cleat and from the ?ange on the hori 35
a short supporting pole engaged with the cleat adapted
zontal member of the bracket.
to be on one wall of the closet and engaged with the
5. A combined hanger for clothes and a clothes closet
comprising an assembly including a pair of vertical sup
support member at the other end thereof, a shelf over
lying said short pole, said short pole being at a vertical
port members, means supporting the support member in
the interior of the closet, a pair of vertically spaced poles 40 elevation intermediate the pair of poles supported by and
between the support members.
disposed on said vertical support members for supporting
10. The structure as de?ned in claim 9 together with
two vertically superimposed rows of suspended garments,
and means connecting the poles to the support members
for vertical adjustment of the poles, the space between
the poles and below the lower pole being free of obstruc
tions for receiving the rows of garments, said means for
supporting the vertical support members including a hori
zontal trackway, rollers carried by the support members
engaging the trackway, each support member having an
inwardly inclined portion engaged with the rollers, each
support member having an inwardly extending lower end
portion, a roller on the lower end portion, and a plate
mounted on the rear wall for engagement by the rollers
a short pole engaged with the cleat adapted to be on the
other side wall and engaged with the other support mem
ber and a shelf overlying the short pole.
11. The structure as de?ned in claim 10 wherein addi
tional shelf members are supported in vertically spaced
relation above the shelves overlying the short poles, said
additional shelf members adapted to be supported on wall
cleats and horizontal members on the bracket units, there
by providing a multiplicity of shelves and a multiplicity
of poles at a conventional height intermediate the pair of
poles of the support members with the pair of poles
adapted to support short garments thereby increasing the
on the lower end portions of the support members there
by movably supporting the support members within the 55 effective length of the support pole.
closet, said poles being connected at vertically spaced
points to the vertical support members intermediate the
inwardly inclined portions and the inwardly extending
bottom ends.
6. In combination with a clothes closet having a space 60
de?ned by peripheral walls, a clothes pole assembly in
cluding a pair of vertically elongated support members
mounted interiorly of the closet, a single clothes pole sup
ported within said closet at a conventional height outside
of the space between the pair of vertically elongated sup 65
port members ‘for receiving long or short garments sus
pended therefrom, and a pair of vertically spaced poles
supported by and between said support members in ver
tically spaced relation with one of the pair of poles being
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
617,336
Hansen ______________ _.. Jan. 10, '1899
740,001
Flanagin _____________ __ Sept. 29, 1903
1,118,385
1,608,456
2,056,544
2,081,763
Timmerman __________ ..2 Nov. 24,
Abdouch ____________ _.. Nov. 23,
Vanderveld ____________ __ Oct. 6,
Peterson ____________ __ May 25,
1914
1926
1936
1937
2,098,828
Ludvvich ______________ __ Nov. 9, 1937
2,573,348
Meadows ____________ __ Oct. 30, 1951
2,667,401
Knuth ____________ __‘___ Jan. 26, 1954
2,892,494
Stroup .._. ____________ _.. June 30, 1959
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