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Патент USA US3088461

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May 7, 1963
R. MQICROSBY ETAL
3,088,451
TRICK snow GUN
Filed Feb. 1, 1961
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
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May 7, 1963
R. M. CROSBY ETAL
TRICK SHOT GUN
Filed Feb. 1, 1961
3,088,451
United States Patent O?fiee
3,?88,45l
Patented May 7, 1963
2
1
With continuing reference to the accompanying draw
ings wherein like reference numerals designate similar
parts throughout the various views, reference numeral 10
generally designates the toy gun comprising the present
3,088,451
TRICK SHGT GUN
,
Ralph M. Crosby and Ahdenoor Kander, Los Angeles,
and Robert .1. Mortonson, Los Alarnitos, Cali?, assign
ors to Ideal Toy Corporation, Hollis, N.Y.
Filed Feb. 1, 1961, Ser. No. 86,355
invention which includes a barrel 12 and a breech por
tion 14. Because of the construction of the gun, no
5 Claims. ((11. 124-27)
separate stock need be provided, the breech portion being
elongated and extending between a forwardly arranged
This invention relates to a toy gun and more particu
?ring mechanism 16, a front hand grip 18, and a rear
hand grip 20. Further, there are provided front and
larly to a spring operated dart shooting gun.
The concept of this invention features the use of a novel
arrangement of darts whereby an “over the shoulder”
trick shot is facilitated.
rear sights 22 and 24, as well as a shoulder rest 25 dis
posed between the front hand grip 18 and the rear hand
grip 20.
When attempting to aim a gun or direct a projectile at
The toy gun is adapted to shoot darts 28. Of course,
a target behind the shooter’s head, it is generally nec
essary to employ a mirror or mirrored surface.
other suitable projectiles may be employed but suction
Since 15 cup tipped darts are quite harmless and therefore very
heretofore the mirror had to be supported by one hand
of the shooter, only the other hand was available for
aiming and holding the gun on the target, which is quite
different. It is therefore an object of the invention to
provide means for facilitating the aiming and leveling of
satisfactory for use in a children’s toy and in the present
toy gun 10.
The toy gun 10 is adapted to project the darts 28
against any suitable target with the shooter facing the
target. Alternatively, the toy gun 10 can be used for
a gun so as to ensure better accomplishment of trick
trick shots whereby the weapon may be ?red over the
shots.
shoulder of the shooter with the shooter facing away
The present invention resides in a toy gun which can
from the target. This is accomplished by employing the
be used for shooting darts or like projectiles which are 25 sight 24 which has a mirrored surface 26 for enabling
generally of a harmless nature through the use of a front
the shooter to view the target therein.
hand grip provided with a trigger for actuating the ?ring
The barrel and the breech 14 may be integrally molded
mechanism of the gun while alternatively a rear hand
with each other if desired or may be made separately and
grip which has another trigger associated therewith which
secured together by any suitable means. In the embodi
can be used for ?ring the gun during trick shots.
ment shown, the breech 14 and barrel 12 are molded
A further object of the invention resides in the pro
integrally with each other but in separate halves 30, 32
vision of a novel ?ring train for use in actuating the ?ring
which are then joined in any suitable manner such as
lever of the gun whereby either of two triggers can be
by bonding, or by fastening using pins, bolts, or the
alternatively used for actuating the ?ring lever for releas
like. The barrel 12 and the breech 14 can be manufac
ing the ?ring spring.
tured out of various readily available materials such as
An important feature of the invention resides in the
metal, or synthetic plastic resins. Preferably, as in the
novel breech con?guration for a gun wherein a shoulder
embodiment shown, the two halves 30 and 32 of the
rest is provided between front and rear hand grips.
combined breech 14 and barrel 12 as are separately
A still further object of the invention is to provide a
molded and the front hand grip 18 and rear hand grip
toy gun which may be manufactured out of various 40 20 are likewise integrally molded with the breech por
readily available materials such as any of the commer
tion 14 in separate half portions.
cially available synthetic plastic resins, which employs
The barrel 12 and ?ring mechanism 16 is preferably
parts which can be assembled in mass production with
constructed in accordance with the patent to Albert M.
great facility, which is inexpensive to manufacture there
Steiner, Patent No. 2,888,004, issued on May 26, 1959, for
by permitting wide distribution of a highly entertaining 45 Toy Dart Gun. The barrel 12 has a bore provided with
toy gun for children at a relatively low cost, and which
lands 36 and 38.
is simple in construction and substantially fool-proof in
The bore 34 forms a smooth surface
de?ned by the lands 36 and 38 for guiding and con?ning
operation.
coil spring 40 of the ?ring mechanism.
A further feature of the invention is the provision of
One end 41 of the spring 40 is connected to a rod 42
a novel gun-sight for use in combination with the other 50 of a ?ring lever 44 which is pivotally mounted by a
features of this toy gun which is equipped with a mirrored
pin 46 within the breech portion 14. The ?ring lever 44
surface and which sight has means provided for forming
is of a generally 2 shaped construction. The end 48 of
cross hairs in conjunction with the mirrored surface so
the ?ring lever 44 has a detent depending therefrom. The
that the target can be easily sighted and aligned in the
sight.
These, together with the various ancillary objects and
features of the invention, which will become apparent as
the following description proceeds, are attained by this
toy gun, a preferred embodiment of which has been il
55
other end of the ?ring lever 44 is con?gurated to form a
catch 52 provided with a hook 54. The pin 46 permits
the hook 54 to pivot into and out of the bore 34, a suit
able slot 56 being provided in the breech portion 14
for allowing this pivoting action. The hook portion 54 is
adapted to engage a collar 58 of a projectile 60 preferably
lustrated in the accompanying drawing, by which way of 60 in the form of a dart having an elongated shaft 62 ter
example only, wherein:
minating in a suction cup 64. A plurality of radial ?ns
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the toy gun comprising
66 project angularly from the shaft 62. Grooves are
the present invention;
provided in the barrel, for receiving these ?ns 66 in the
FIG. 2 is a front elevational view of the toy gun;
FIG. 3 is a rear elevational view of the gun;
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the ?ring train .em
manner de?ned in the Steiner Patent No. 2,888,004 so as
65 to permit the dart 60 to snugly ?t therein without causing
ployed in this invention;
friction to retard the movement of the dart. 'Ihe dart
is provided with a portion 70 of enlarged cross sectional
FIG. 5 is a longitudinal sectional view of the toy gun
illustrating the ?ring mechanism in a cocked position;
area forming a shoulder 72.
The end 43 of the spring 40 engages the rearmost por
FIG. 6 is a partial sectional detailed view of the gun
tion ‘68 of the dart 60, ?tting thereover and abutting the
illustrating the ?ring mechanism just after the trigger
shoulder 70.
The other end 41 of the spring 40 may be force ?tted
has been actuated.
3,088,451
3
(1
be formed of other material as may be desired and the
rear sight piece 180 is provided with the mirrored sur
face 26. Of course, the rear sight piece 180 can be con
structed from a piece of metal. The rear sight piece 180
on the projecting ?nger 42 and abuts against the center
portion 74 of the Z shaped ?ring lever 44, or the end 41
of the spring may be secured in any suitable manner as
desired.
The ?ring lever 44 is moved into a cocked position
by positioning the dart 60 in the barrel 12 and after
engaging the end 68 thereof in the spring 40, pressing
is preferably provided with slots 182', 184, 186 and 188
therein which ‘are arranged in a cruciform shape to form
cross hairs. Alternatively, cross hairs can be painted,
or otherwise applied on the mirrored surface 26.
back on the spring will cause the ?ring lever 44 to assume
a horizontal position and the collar 58 will ride over the
It has been found advantageous to utilize slots 182,
surface 78 of the hook 56 until the hook engages the collar 10 184, 186 and 188 since by using the slots, the front sight
58 to hold it in the position as is shown in FIG. 5.
The pin 46 is held in its desired position by means of
piece 170 can be aligned in the slots with the target,
thus facilitating the aiming of the gun above and beyond
mounting members 80 of any suitable con?guration.
Thus, the ?ring lever 44 is free to pivot about pin 46
the sight advantages produced by using the front sight
as an axis.
15
A sear mechanism 82 is provided for actuating the ?r
ing lever 44. The scar mechanism is pivoted by means
of a pin 84 which is secured by any suitable type of mount
ing member 86 within the breech portion 14. The sear
includes a generally L shaped arm 88 as well as an op—
posed tapered arm 90.
A semi-cylindrical projection 92 is provided with an
arcuate surface 94 which may ride on the bottom inner
surface 100 of the breech portion 14. Angularly offset
from the pin 84 and the semi-cylindrical projection 92 is
another upwardly extending projection 102. Extending
outwardly from the lower portion of the L shaped arm 88
is a substantially horizontally disposed projection 1013
170 only.
The shoulder rest 25 may be provided with a plurality
of ribs 196 which are preferably integrally molded with
the breech portion 14. Alternatively, as shown in FIG.
5, in lieu of ribs, ‘grooves 198 may be formed in the
shoulder rest 25. The ribs or grooves form a roughened
surface which not only enables the gun to be better posi
tioned and supported on the shoulder, but also adds to
the pleasing appearance and attractive con?guration of the
toy gun 10.
In use, a projectile in the form of a dart 28 is inserted
into the barrel 12 until the end 68 engages the spring 40
with the collar 58 riding over the cam surface 78 and
looking behind the hook 54. The gun is then cocked.
For direct ?ring, the gun can be grasped with two hands
in the manner of a sub-machine gun or else may be ?red
which is adapted to engage detent 50 so that pivoting ac—
tion of the sear mechanism 82 will cause operation of the 30 utilizing the rear hand grip 20 in position against the
?ring liner 44. The front hand grip 18 has a
trigger ?nger opening 110 therein. A trigger 112 has a
trigger portion 114 in alignment with the trigger ?nger
opening 110 and adapted to be engaged by the trigger
?nger of the shooter which is inserted through the trigger
opening 110. The trigger 112 is further provided with
an end 116 having a contact surface 118 engageable with
shoulder.
However, for better alignment and aiming
of the gun, the gun may be grasped with both hands and
the front sight 22 aligned with the rear sight 24 by peer
ing through the slots 182, 184, 186 and 188. Then, the
trigger 112 is pulled back upon pivoting the trigger and
causing the cam surface 118 to depress on the tapered
surface 120 pivoting the sear mechanism 82' which causes
the tapered surface 120 of the sear mechanism 82. The
trigger 112 is pivotally mounted in breech portion 14 by
the horizontally projecting portion 103‘ thereof to em
gage the projection 50 ‘pivoting the ?ring lever 44 about
40 the pin 56 disengaging the hook 54 and releasing the dart
means of a pin 122.
The hand grip 18 may be of any desired shape but it
collar 58 whereby the spring 40 will push the dart out
has been found for convenience and for better grasping
wardly of the barrel.
the gun 10 in the position comfortable and effective for
The toy gun is especially adapted for use in trick shots
most shooters that the hand grip 18 have a rear surface
such as an “over the shoulder” shot.
In this type of
128 which extends downwardly and forwardly so that 45 trick shot, the shooter will position the gun with the
the front hand grip 18 is of a generally tapered shape.
shoulder rest 26, lying on the shoulder of the shooter.
Finger holes 130 and 132 are provided in the front hand
Then utilizing the mirrored surface 26, the front sight
grip for the second and third ?ngers of a shooter’s hand
22 and the target are aligned in the cross hairs which
with the trigger ?nger being comfortably engageable with
are either formed by the slots 182, 184, 186 and 188 or
the trigger 112.
50 alternatively painted or applied on the mirrored surface
The rear hand grip 20 has a front surface 136 which
extends downwardly and forwardly and has a rear surface
138 con?gurated to form ?nger recesses 140, 142
and 144 for the second, third, and fourth ?ngers of the
hand of the shooter, and is provided with a trigger ?nger
hole or opening 146 in an enlarged upper portion 148
of the rear hand grip 20.
,
Pivoted by means of a pin 150 is another trigger 152
26, then the trigger 125 is depressed, causing actuation
of the sear mechanism 82 to release the dart.
The gun 10 may, of course, be made in any shape
or size ‘as may be desired, the con?guration shown being
that of a modernistic type toy most appealing to young
sters. The barrel 12 may be provided with an imitation
type silencer cap 200 for a realistic touch. The halves
of the gun may be secured together such as by pins 202 or
may be adhesively bonded or otherwise bolted or secured
having a ?nger engaging portion 154 which extends into
alignment with the trigger ?nger opening 146. The
together.
trigger 152 has a lever portion 156 to which one end 158
of a rod or cable 160 is attached. The other end 162 of
the rod 160 is attached to the projection 102. Hence, ac
tuation of either of the triggers 112 or 152 will cause a
A latitude of modi?cation, change and substitution is
intended in the foregoing disclosure and in some instances
some features of the invention will be employed without
a corresponding use of other features. Accordingly, it
pivotal action of the sear mechanism 82 to pivot the ?ring 65 is appropriate that the ‘appended claims be construed
lever 44.
broadly and in a manner consistent with the spirit of the
The gun 10 is provided with a front sight 22 which in
invention herein.
cludes a front sight piece 170 held in place between two
What we claim is:
sight holders 172 and 174 by means of a pin 176 or the
1. A gun comprising an elongated breech portion, a
like. Alternatively, the sight can .be formed out of a 70 barrel extending forwardly of said breech portion, a ?r
single piece of material or may be integrally formed
ing mechanism in the front end of said breech portion, a
with the breech 14 during the molding thereof.
front hand grip depending from said breech portion, a
The rear sight 24 has a rear sight block 178‘ into which
rear hand grip depending from said breech portion spaced
a rear sight piece 180 is embedded. The sight block 178
rearwardly from said front hand grip, said breech por
may be molded from a synthetic plastic material or may 75 tion including a shoulder rest between said front hand
3,088,451
5
6
grip and said rear hand grip, and trigger means for
actuating said ?ring mechanism mounted in said front
least one of said hand grips, a rear sight on the rear part
hand grip and said rear hand grip and being connected
to said ?ring mechanism, said ?ring mechanism includ
front surface, said rear sight having slots therein form
ing a ?ring lever pivoted in said breech portion, a sear
mechanism for actuating said ?ring lever, said sear mecha
of said breech portion, said rear sight having a mirrored
ing cross hairs, and a front sight on the front end of said
gun for alignment with said slots so that said front sight
can be viewed through said slots and can be centered in
nism being pivoted in said breech portion, said trigger
the cross hairs formed by said slots by viewing said
mirrored surface.
means including a front trigger pivotally mounted and
4. A gun comprising an elongated breech portion, a
engageable with said sear mechanism for moving said sear
mechanism to actuate said ?ring lever, said front trigger 10 barrel extending forwardly of said breech portion, a ?ring
mechanism in the front end of said breech portion, a
being associated with said front hand grip, a rear trigger
front hand grip depending from said breech portion, a
pivoted in association with said rear hand grip, and means
rear hand grip depending from said breech portion spaced
connecting said rear trigger with said sear mechanism
rearwardly from said front hand grip, said breech portion
for separately actuating said ?ring lever, a sight on said
breech portion rearwardly of said rear hand grip, said 15 including a shoulder rest between said front hand grip
and said rear hand grip, and trigger means for actuating
sight having a mirrored front surface and formed with a
said ?ring mechanism mounted in said front hand grip
plurality of slots therein forming cross hairs, and a
and said rear hand grip and being connected to said ?ring
second sight on the front end of said gun for alignment
mechanism, said ?ring mechanism including a ?ring lever
with said slots so that said second sight can be viewed
through said slots and can be centered in the cross hairs 20 pivoted in said breech portion, a scar mechanism for
actuating said ?ring lever, said sear mechanism being
formed by said slots by viewing said mirrored surf-ace.
pivoted in said breech portion, said trigger means includ
2. A gun comprising an elongated breech portion, a
ing a front trigger pivotally mounted and engageable with
barrel extending forwardly of said breech portion, a ?ring
said sear mechanism for moving said sear mechanism to
mechanism in the front end of said breech portion, a front
hand grip depending from said breech portion, a rear hand 25 actuate said ?ring lever, said front trigger being associated
with said front hand grip, a rear trigger pivoted in
grip depending from said breech portion spaced rear
wardly from said front hand grip, said breech portion
association with said rear hand grip, and means connect
mirrored surface, said shoulder rest beign provided with
by viewing said mirrored surface.
ing said rear trigger with said sear mechanism for sep
including a shoulder rest between said front hand grip
arately actuating said ?ring lever, a sight on said breech
and said rear hand grip, and trigger means for actuating
said ?ring mechanism mounted in said front hand grip 30 portion rearwardly of said rear hand grip, said sight
having a mirrored front surface, said sight being provided
and said rear hand grip and being connected to said ?ring
with a plurality of slots therein forming cross hairs, and
mechanism, said ?ring mechanism including a ?ring lever
a second sight on the front of said breech portion for
pivoted in said breech portion, a sear mechanism for
alignment with said slots so that said barrel can be aligned
actuating said ?ring lever, said sear mechanism being
pivoted in said breech portion, said trigger means includ 35 with a target with said second sight and the target being
viewed through said slots and said target and said second
ing a front trigger pivotally mounted and engageable with
sight being centered in said cross hairs when viewing said
said sear mechanism for moving said sear mechanism to
mirrored surface.
actuate said ?ring lever, said front trigger being associated
5. A toy gun comprising an elongated breech portion,
with said front hand grip, a rear trigger pivoted in associa
tion with said rear hand grip, and means connecting said 40 a barrel extending forwardly of said breech portion, a
?ring mechanism in said gun, a hand grip at the rear of
rear trigger with said sear mechanism for separately
said gun depending from said breech portion for support
actuating said ?ring lever, a sight on said breech portion
ing the gun when rested on the user’s shoulder and pointed
rearwardly of said rear hand grip, said sight having a
rearwardly, trigger means within said hand grip, a rear
mirrored front surface, said sight being provided with a
plurality of slots therein forming cross hairs, and a second 45 sight on the rear part of said breech portion, said sight
having a mirrored front surface, said rear sight having
sight on the front of said breech portion for alignment
slots formed therein forming cross hairs, and a front sight
with said slots so that said barrel can be aligned with a
on the front end of said gun for alignment with said slots
target with said second sight and the target being viewed
so that said front sight can be viewed through said slots
through said slots and said target and said second sight
being centered in said cross hairs when viewing said 50 and can be centered on the cross hairs found by said slots
a roughened surface for frictionally retaining said gun
on a shoulder of the user.
3. A gun comprising an elongated breech portion, a
barrel extending forwardly of said breech portion, a ?ring 55
mechanism in said breech portion, front and rear hand
grips depending from said breech portion, trigger means
for actuating said ?ring mechanism associated with at
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,386,247
2,723,491
2,888,004
Fordyce ______________ __ Aug. 2, 1921
Hersey ______________ __ Nov. 15, 1955
Steiner ______________ __ May 26, 1959
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