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Патент USA US3088479

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May 7, 1963
‘J. c. FIORE
3,033,47l
PERMANENT WA'VING DEVICES
Filed July 6, 1962
2'Sheets~$heet 1
INVENTOR:
‘ JOSEPH c.
FIORE;
'
BY
M
HIS ATTORNEY‘
United States Patent 9
33,388,471
Patented May 7, 1963
2
1
3,088,471
plained below, on its interior a movable member or tooth
or tooth member 17.
Joseph C. Fiore, 730 E. 232ml St., New York, NY.
Filed July 6, 1962, Ser. No. 208,140
5 Claims. (Cl. 132-136)
The horizontal portion of the frame 12 is slotted, for
instance it may have a single elongated slot 18 throughout
a major portion of the length of the frame 12.
A plurality, ‘for instance four, of the movable elongated
PERMANENT WAVING DEVICES
The invention relates to permanent waving devices, and
tooth members 17 may be provided; the movable teeth 17
relates more particularly to a permanent waving device
project through the slot ‘18, and the inner edges 19 of the
of the comb type in which slidable tooth members coop~
slot 18 guide the movable members 17 during their move~
erate with ?xed tooth members to clamp and release hair. 10 ments.
It is among the principal objects of the invention to
Each movable member ‘17 carries near its upper end a
pinion 21 secured thereto so that the movable member 17
provide a device of this type for separating hair sections;
these hair sections so separated can then easily be rolled
will partake in all the movements of the pinion 21. The
pinions 21 are supported by the horizontal portion 13
up individually, for instance for home cold permanent
15 above the slot 18, thereby suspending the movable mem
waving.
It is another object of the invention to provide for such
bers 17 .
The ?xed tooth members 16 are each spaced apart from
a permanent Waving device in which each movable mem
ber performs a planetary motion, moving linearly as Well
the others for a predetermined gap 22, and in each gap
as spinning about its axis during clamping and release
22 there is disposed for movement one of the movable
movement; the linear as well as spinning directions are 20 tooth members 17 .
opposite for the clamping and, respectively, for the release
movements.
It is still another object of the invention to provide for
A stationary rack is mounted on the frame 12, for in
stance a ?xed rack 23 that may be integral with the up
right portion 14 of the frame 12; instead of being inte
such a permanent waving device, the movable teeth mem
gral, however, the rack 23 may also be otherwise formed
bers of which move simultaneously with an actuator and 25 on or connected to the frame 12. The rack 23 carries
gear teeth 24 of a size and pitch that match, and mesh
yet are not secured thereto, so that each movable tooth
member will turn while being shifted laterally.
It is a further object of the invention to provide for
with, gear teeth 26 of the pinions 21.
Opposite the stationary rack 23, there is slidably ar
ranged a movable rack 27 which has teeth 28 that mesh
such a device that is easy to manipulate with the ?ngers
30 with the teeth 26 ‘of the pinions 211. Between the two
of one hand.
racks 23 and 27, there is an elongated space 46 in which
With the above and other objects of the invention in
the pinions 21 are disposed. A guide strip 29‘ is remov
view, the invention consists in the novel construction, ar
ably mounted adjacent the movable rack 27, forming a
rangement and combination of various devices, elements
backing and guide for the movable rack 27.
and parts, as set forth in the claims hereof, one embodi
A cover 31 surmounts the frame 12. The horizontal
ment of the same being illustrated in the accompanying 35
frame portion 13, the vertical portion 14, the guide strip
drawings and described in the description.
29, and the cover 31 complete a housing 32. The pinions
For a fuller understanding of the nature and objects
21, the ?xed rack 23, and the movable rack 27 are dis
of the invention, reference should be had to the following
posed in the housing 32. Attachment means, such as
detailed description, taken in connection with the accom
40 screws 33, may be provided to fasten releasably the cover
panying drawings, in which:
31 in place.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing the permanent
The movable rack 27 may, as best shown in FIG. 3,
waving device in the hair release position;
have an upper ?ange 34 that is parallel with the horizontal
FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of the permanent wav
ing device, with the cover partly removed, and showing 45 frame portion 13. The ?ange 34 has an elongated aper
ture 36 that is disposed above the slot 18. Each pinion
the device in the hair clamping position;
FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken on the line 3-3 of
FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a plan view of the device with the cover ‘re
moved;
FIG. 5 is a sectional view taken on the line 5—5 of
FIG. 3;
FIG. 6 is a sectional view taken on the line 6—6 of
FIG. 3; and
21 carries a stud 37 that penetrates into the aperture 36.
The movable teeth 17 thus are guided in the parallel aper
ture 36 and slot 18.
movable rack 27 carries at one end a handle 38.
50' A The
spring latch 39 may be provided on the I andle 38
which is operable to engage a stationary part of the hous
ing, for instance a lip 41 of the ‘guide strip v29, when the
movable rack .27 is in the clamping position. The latch
FIG. 7 is a sectional view taken on the line 7-~7 of 55 39 carries a head 42. When the latch 39 engages the
lip 41, it may be released by ?nger pressure exerted on
FIG. 3.
the head 42.
In carrying the invention into effect in one of the em_
The guide strip 29 has a passage 43 cut out. A sta
bodiments which has been selected for illustration in the
tionary pin 44 is mounted in the passage 43. A movable
accompanying drawings and for description herein, and
referring now particularly to FIG. 1, there is provided a 60 pin 47 is mounted on the movable rack 27 and moves
back and forth with the movable rack 27. A tension
permanent waving device -11 of comb like appearance; in
spring 48 is suspended between the pins 44 and 47 and
fact, it may be worn like a comb, and when suitably em~
urges the movable rack 27 in a direction (to the right
bellished or decorated, may be an attractive adornment
of FIG. 2) into the hair release position.
for feminine coiffure.
The movable rack 27 can move between two extreme
The device 11 comprises a frame 12 that includes a 65
positions, namely a release position (shown in FIG. 1)
horizontal portion 13 and an upright portion 14 at one
side of the horizontal portion 13; the frame 12 further
more includes a series of ?xed elongated members or teeth
or tooth members 16, ?ve ?xed members 16 being
shown in the drawing. The ?xed members 16 may be
formed integrally with the frame 12. Each ?xed member
16 may be hollow to receive, at least partially, as ex
and a clamping position (shown in FIG. 2).
When the operator pushes the handle 38 into the hous
ing 32, while the device is in the release position (FIG.
1), movable rack 27 will move in one direction “A” (to
the right in ‘FIGS. 1, 2 and 4). During this movement
the movable rack 27 will cause the pinions 21 to rotate
in the direction “C” (counterclockwise in FIG. 4); due to
3,088,471
3
the meshing engagement of the pinions 21 not only with
the movable rack 27 but also with the ?xed rack 23, the
pinions 21 will not only rotate each about its axis but
also move linearly in the same one direction “A” (to
wards the right in 'FIG. 4) thus moving in a planetary
4
lip 41, thereby retaining the device in the clamping posi
tion.
The clamped hair sections may be subjected to in
dividual rolling up and to treatment such as home cold
motion, until the movable rack 27 comes to a halt in the
permanent waving treatment.
For removing, the operator will depress the ‘head 42
extreme clamping position (FIG. 2). In that position of
the movable rack 27, the spring 48 will be tensioned; an
cause the movable teeth 17 to return to the release posi
to disengage the latch 39, whereupon the spring 48 will
tion. In the release position the movable teeth 17 are
outermost (right hand side, FIG. 2) movable tooth 17
will in the clamping position abut, as best shown in FIG. 10 spaced from their respective ?xed teeth 16 for a distance
su?icient to release the clamped hair sections.
6, ‘against the end 49 of the slot 18, thereby forming a
1 wish it to be understood that I do not desire to be
stop for halting the movable rack 27 in the predetermined
limited to the exact details of construction shown and
exact clamping position.
described, for obvious modi?cations will occur to a person
In the clamping position, the latch 39 will engage
skilled in the art.
'
the lip 41, thereby locking the movable rack 27 and the
Having thus described the invention, what ‘I claim as
new and desire to be secured by Letters ‘Patent, is as
follows:
shown in FIG. 2, the movable tooth members 17' are
1. A permanent waving device, comprising in com~ ‘
received in the hollow ?xed tooth members ‘16.
Upon unlatching of the latch 39, the tensioned spring 20 bination a frame including a series of longitudinal ?xed
teeth, each spaced apart from another ?xed tooth for a
48 will pull the movable rack 27 in the opposite direction
predetermined gap, a stationary rack connected to said
“B” (to the left in FIG. 4) until the movable rack 27
frame, a movable rack disposed opposite said stationary
returns to the release position (FIG. 1). In the release
rack and being slidable on said frame between two op
position, the opposite outermost movable tooth 17 (the
posite extreme positions, said racks de?ning therebetween
left most movable tooth in FIG. 2) will abut against
an elongated space, a plurality of separate planetary lon
the opposite end 51 of the slot 18, thereby halting the re
gitudinal movable teeth arranged in said gaps, a plurality
turn movement in the direction “B” of the movable rack
pinions 21 and therewith the movable teeth 17 in the
clamping position; in the clamping position, as best
27. During this return movement, the pinions 21 will
turn in the direction “D” (clockwise in FIG. 4), and will
of pinions supported by said frame and disposed in said
the movable teeth 17 is about one-half of the speed of
the movable rack 27 in the directions “A” and “B.”
will be stationed closely adjacent said one ?xed tooth,
the planetary movement of each movable tooth during
shifting of the movable rack being substantially linearly
along a portion of said space and spinning about its
space and each mounted on and suspending a movable
at the same time move linearly in the said opposite di 30 tooth, said pinions engaging said racks, whereby in one
of the extreme positions of the movable rack each mov
rection “B” (to the left in FIG. 4) thereby again mov
able tooth will be stationed spaced from one of its two
ing in a planetary though opposite motion.
gap con?ning ?xed teeth and, respectively, in the other
As will be obvious to the skilled person, the speed of
extreme position of the movable rack each movable tooth
the linear movement in the directions “A” and “B” of
The movement of the movable teeth 17 in the aforesaid
opposite directions “A” and “B” (to the right and to the
left in FIG. 4) has been indicated in the instant exem
longitudinal axis.
2. A permanent waving device, as claimed in claim 1,
together with, a handle mounted on said movable rack,
movement could instead be substituted by suitable changes
latching means between said housing and said movable
in structure, without departing from the scope of the
rack operable for releasably latching the movable rack
invention.
in an extreme position, and resilient means urging the
The arrangement of the handle 38 and the latch 39 is
such that the operator may operate the device 11 with 45 movable rack into the opposite extreme position.
3. A permanent waving device, as claimed in claim 1,
one hand, holding the housing 32 with some of the ?ngers
at least some of said ?xed teeth being hollow receiving
of that hand and operating the handle 38 and latch 39
at least partially each on its interior the respective mov
with one ?nger of that hand, in hair ‘clamping as well
able tooth when the movable rack is in the said other
as hair releasing.
During the movement in the opposite directions “A” 50 extreme position.
4. A permanent waving device, as claimed in claim 1,
and “B,” the horizontal frame portion 13 forms a guide
together with, handle means connected to the movable
that supports the pinions 21 and that guides the movable
rack and in all positions extending at least partially from
teeth v17 in the slot 18. The movable teeth v17 are fur
one longitudinal end of said housing, whereby the op
thermore guided by means of the studs 37 in the elon
55 erator may hold the housing with some of the ?ngers of
gated aperture 36.
one hand and operate the handle with one ?nger of the
The operator, who in many instances may be the lady
same hand, in hair clamping and, respectively, in hair
doing her own hair, will hold the device :11 with one
releasing.
hand and insert it into the hair. When inserting it into
5. A permanent waving device, as claimed in claim 1,
the hair, the device 11 will be in the release position 60
an elongated slotted guide connected to said frame, said
(FIG. 1).
guide supporting said pinions, and said movable teeth
After the insertion, the operator will push in the han
passing through said slotted guide to be guided thereby
dle 38 in the direction “A” into the housing. This will
during their movements.
cause rotation of the movable teeth 17 and shifting there
of in the one direction “A” (to the right in FIGS. 1, 65
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
2 and 4). When the movable teeth ‘17 have reached the
UNITED STATES PATENTS
clamping position ('FIGS. 2, 4), hair will be clamped be
Givens _______________ __ May 25, 1920
tween the movable teeth 17 and the ?xed teeth 16. In
1,340,948
Sonntag _______________ -_ July 4, 1950
the clamping position, the latch 39 will be latched to the
2,513,897
pli?cation to be a linear movement, though a curved 40
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