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Патент USA US3088483

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May 7, 1963
R. E. HALL
3,088,470
DEVICE FOR APPLYING CREAMS AND THE LIKE TO THE SKIN
Filed Oct. 27, 1960
Fig. 3
INVENTOR
ROBERT E. HA LL
BY
MMW
ATTORNEYS
Stats
,ssam
Patented May 7, 1963
1
3,088,470
DEVECE FOR APPLYENG CREAMS AND THE LIKE
Ti) THE SKlN
Robert E. Hall, Scarborough, N.Y., assignor, by mesne as
signments, to Dean L. Bin-dick Associates, Inc., New
York, N.Y., a corporation of New York
Filed Oct. 27, 196i), Ser. No. 65,468
6 Claims. (Ci. 132-79)
2
and a top convex edge 20‘. The body portion 18 further
is plate-like and has a front or outer face 21 and an
inner face 22, the two faces being disposed in parallel
relation and spaced apart a substantial distance, approxi
mately one-quarter of an inch. Integral with the inner
face 22 of the body portion is a cylindrically-shaped
hub-like portion 16 which is provided at its outer end
with an internal thread 17 adapted to threadedly receive
the screw thread on the tube nozzle 11.
Thus the dis
This invention relates to devices for applying to the 10 tributing member as a whole is in the nature of a screw
body of a person, creams and other preparations that
cap and is screwed onto the tube nozzle 11 in the man
should be handled with care or that the user may dis
ner of cap 12.
like to handle for various reasons in the application
It will be noted more clearly in FIGS. 1 and 4 of the
thereof to the skin.
drawings, that the body portion 13, as a whole, is dis
The principal object of the invention is to provide an 15 posed at an angle of approximately 120 degrees to the
improved device of the indicated type which will enable
hub-like portion 16, as is indicated in FIG. 4. The dis
the direct application of a relatively wide layer of the
tributing edge 19 of such body portion, on the other
preparation to the skin and without the necessity of the
hand, is not disposed at right angles to the faces 21, 22
user having to spread the preparation with the ?ngers or
of such body portion, but is inclined thereto so that in
other means after it has been deposited by the device 20 transverse cross-section such edge is disposed at an angle
upon the skin.
of approximately thirty degrees to the longitudinal axis
Another object of the invention is to provide an im
of portion 16 (note FIG. 4). Thus when the edge 19 is
proved device of the indicated type which will spread a
resting on the surface of the user’s skin, both the body
material, such as a cosmetic cream, on the skin as a sub
portion 18 and the hub portion 16 will be inclined out
stantially uniform layer of substantial width and which 25 wardly from such skin surface. The distributing edge 19
may readily be manipulated to apply a very thin layer
has a forwardly projecting edge portion 23 which sub
of the cream, or a relatively thick layer thereof.
stantially increases the width of such edge so that the
A further object of the invention is to provide an im
total width of edge 19 is approximately three-eighths of
proved device of the indicated type comprising a distrib
an inch.
uting member of simple, inexpensive construction that 30 Formed within the body portion 18 is a ?at chamber
is readily assembled with any one of the squeeze con
25 having a shape conforming to that of such body por
tainers now being packaged by various companies.
Other objects as well as the advantages of the device of
this invention will become apparent to the perusal of
tion, that is, substantially crescent-shaped, and having a
substantially uniform width of approximately three
sixty-fourths of an inch. A passageway 26 formed in the
the following description, when read in connection with 35 hub 16 connects with the chamber 25 adjacent to the
the accompanying drawings, in which:
central portion of the convex edge of such chamber, and
‘FIG. 1 is an exploded view showing in side elevation
brings such chamber into communication with the interior
of the outer threaded portion of such hub. It will thus
distributing member constructed in accordance with the
be seen that when the distributing member 15 is mounted
40 on the tube 10 any material discharged from the latter
invention;
FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of the distrib
will pass directly into the passageway 26 and will be
uting member and a cover for the discharge end thereof,
conveyed by the latter to the chamber 25. Preferably
the distributing member being viewed from below the
the passageway 26 has a diameter at least equal to the
position shown in FIG. 1;
diameter of the discharge passageway in the tube nozzle
FIG. 3 is another exploded perspective view of the 45 11 so that the cosmetic material may pass freely from
parts shown in FIG. 2; this view of the distributing mem
the latter into passageway 26.
ber being from above the position shown in FIG. 1;
Formed in the concaved edge portion of member 15 are
FIG. 4 is a vertical sectional view taken through the
a series of small, spaced, transverse passageways 27 which
longitudinal center of the distributing member; and
open at their inner ends in the concave Wall of chamber
FIG. 5 is a sectional view of the distributing member 50 25 and which open ‘at their outer ends in the distributing
taken along the line 5-5 of FIG. 4.
edge 19 of such member. The passageways 27 are shown
In the drawings, the reference numeral 10 indicates
as evenly-spaced and are eleven in number. The diam
a squeeze tube and cover of known construction and a
generally a squeeze container in the form of a tube of
the type usually employed in the packaging of cosmetic
preparations such as hair remover cream and the like.
The container may have any other suitable con?guration
and may be made of any suitable material such as poly
ethylene, thin metal, and the like. The tube 10 is pro
vided with the usual externally threaded nozzle 11 to
eters of the passageways ‘are predetermined to provide an
55 even flow of the type of cosmetic material to be distributed
by a given member 15 throughout the entire length of the
distributing edge 1%. !For example, if the member 15 is
designed to distribute a depilatory cream, the passage
ways 27 may be of progressively smaller diameter from
the outer ends of the series thereof. Thus the end passage
receive the detachable cap or cover 12 that is customarily 60 ways in the series may have diameters substantially equal
employed to seal the tube.
ling the width of chamber 25 and the inner passageways
When the material of the tube is to be applied to the
progressively smaller diameters towards the center of the
skin, the cap 12 is replaced by a distributing member
distributing edge 19. In such a construction, the diam
which is generally indicated in FIG. 1 of the drawings
eters of the passageways may range from %4", the width
65
by the numeral 15 and which is packaged with the tube
of chamber 25, to approximately V32". The outer three
but in a separated, unassembled condition. The distrib
passageways at each end of the series may also ‘be of
uting member 15 is preferably made of an integral piece
substantially the same diameter while the inner passage
of suitable plastic material, such as polyethylene, but may
ways between such two end groups of larger passageways
be made of any other suitable material. The distributing
may all be of another smaller diameter. Any other ar
member is composed of a generally crescent-shaped body 70 rangement of the diameters of the passageways may be
portion 18 having a concave distributing edge 19 which
selected depending upon the material to be ‘distributed
is at the bottom of the body in the use of the member,
and the manner of its distribution.
3,088,470
3
It is believed that it will ‘be understood from the fore
going that the several parts of the device will be pack
aged in one container, but with the distributing member
15 in unassembled condition. When the device is to be
used, the cap 12 is unscrewed and removed from the tube
the distributing edge may be given a straight, convex, or
compound con?guration if it is to be used primarily on
the larger skin areas of the‘body, or under the arms, or
on the face of the user. Hence, I do not wish to limit
myself to the particular construction illustrated, but in
nozzle '11 and the member 15 is screwed on such nozzle
tend to include all constructions coming within the scope
in its place. The distributing edge 19 of member 15 is
of the appended claims.
I claim:
then placed against the skin so that it is in substantially
1. A device for spreading upon a person’s body with
entire engagement with the latter. In this position of
edge 19, member 15 and tube 10 will be inclined to the 10 a drawing action an even layer of depilatory cream from
a squeezable package receptacle of the same, said device
surface of the skin, but the tube to a lesser extent, some
being constituted of a relatively rigid unit having a part
what in the manner in which a rake is disposed when used
adapted to be removably attached to such receptacle and
to rake the ground. As the user moves the tube along the
skin, she simultaneously presses on the tube 10 so that
the cosmetic material in the latter will be exuded through
the nozzle 11 thereof. The cosmetic material passes from
nozzle 11 into passageway 26 of member 15 and is de
livered into the chamber or reservoir 25. Under the pres
provided with a passageway therethrough, a reservoir
part connected to said attaching part and provided with a
chamber in communication with the passageway in said
attaching part, said reservoir part including a distributing
edge portion having at its outer terminal end a skin
engaging surface adapted to rest against a person’s skin
sure of the entering cosmetic material, the material al
ready in chamber 25 will be forced out through the series 20 and being of given con?guration and of substantial length,
said distributing edge portion being provided with elon
of passageways 27 and onto the skin. Because of the
gated means extending along the length thereof to bring
spacing and sizes of the passageways and the spreading
the spin engaging surface of such edge portion into cream
action of the distributing edge 19, including the edge por
flow communication with said chamber and being of
tion 23 thereof, the cosmetic material will be spread as
given
dimensions to enable the depositing on the person’s
26
a smooth, even layer on the skin throughout the entire
skin as said surface of said distributing edge portion of
length of such edge 19. By controlling the pressure of
the device is being drawn therealong, su?icient of the
distributing edge 19 upon the skin and the angle at which
depilatory cream to form on the skin a covering layer of
such edge will be disposed to the skin about the outer
such cream and of a width comparable to the length of
edge of portion 23 thereof as a fulcrum, the thickness of
the coating being applied to the skin can readily be con 30 said elongated means, and a spreader part having a skin
engaging surface disposed in substantially aligned rela
trolled by the user.
tion
with and forming a continuation of the skin engag
After the desired amount of cosmetic material has been
ing surface of said edge portion and positioned in follow
applied by the user, the distributing member 15 may be
ing relation to the latter as said device is drawn over the
replaced by the cap ‘12, or may be left on the tube 10.
person’s skin, said spreader part being of substantial width
35
In either case, the discharge passageways 27 thereof are
and of a length at least as long as the length of the part
preferably protected by a cover made of any suitable
of said edge portion provided with said elongated means
material such as plasitc. It is preferred that such a cover
so that as the device is drawn over a person’s skin, the
be constructed so that it will be attached to the member
depilatory cream deposited on such skin just in front of
15 with a snap action and will remain in interlocked 40 said spreader part is smoothly redistributed on the skin
condition on the latter until positively removed there
by the skin engaging surface thereof as an even layer with
from. A cover embodying the desired ‘features is shown
a minimum of rubbing.
in FIGS. 2 and 3 of the drawings. The cover includes
2. A distributing device such as de?ned in claim 1, in
a covering wall 30 conforming in con?guration to the
con?guration of the distributing edge 19 of member 15 so
which said reservoir part is plate-like in con?guration
discharge ends of the distributing passageways 27. 'In
tegral with the longitudinal edges of the wall 30 are
?anges 31 formed to snugly ?t on the outer edge of dis
tributing edge portion 23 and the concave edge of the rear
ing part is connected to one face of said reservoir part so
that it is disposed wholly to one side of said reservoir part
face 22 of member 15. The ends of ?anges 31 are con
with the latter, and in which said spreader part projects
and said chamber extends over the major portion of the
that it will seat snugly on such edge and close the outer 45 area of said plate-like reservoir part, in which said attach
nected by end ?anges 32 con?gured to ?t snugly onto the
outer ends of the distributing edge 19. It will be noted
with the passage thereof wholly contained within the
area of said one side and disposed at an obtuse angle
from the other side of said reservoir part and is within the
area of said other side.
that the end ?anges 32 are con?gured to curve over the
3. A distributing device such as de?ned in claim 2,
ends of edge 10 so that such ends will be seated in end 55 in which the spreading surface of said spreader part is
cavities 33 formed in such cover. As the distance be
disposed at an acute angle with the longitudinal axis of
tween the outer edges of the end ?anges 32 is slightly less
the passage through said attaching part.
than the distance between the ends of the edge 19, it is
4. A distributing device such as de?ned in claim 1,
necessary that such ?anges 32 be snapped over the ends
in which said elongated means is constituted of a series
of edge 19 in mounting the cover on member 15 and the'
of spaced distributing passageways which extend through
cover has suf?cient inherent resiliency to permit this to be
the lower end wall of said chamber, in which said cham
done. Once snapped in proper position on the member
ber reduces in height from the center thereof towards
15, the cover will remain locked on the latter with its
the ends of said lower end wall, and in which said dis
covering wall 30 thereof maintained in snug engagement
with distributing edge 19, until such cover is positively 65 tributing passageways are variably shaped to provide an
even ?ow of the depilatory cream on the user’s skin.
removed therefrom.
5. A distributing device such as de?ned in claim 1,
While I have hereinabove described and illustrated a
including an elongated, shallow closure constructed to
preferred embodiment of my invention, it will be evident
?t on and enclose said distributing edge portion and said
to those skilled in the art that various changes and modi
?cations thereof may be made without departing from the 70 projecting spreader part and to cover snugly the dis
spirit of the invention. Thus, instead of making the dis
tributing edge of concave formation so as to conform
more closely to the shape of the arms and legs of the
charge side of said elongated means and the spreading
surface of said spreader part.
6. A distributing device such as de?ned in claim 5,
in which said closure is constructed to engage the ends of
user, such edge may be given other con?gurations depend
ing upon the use for which it is partially designed. Thus, 75 said distributing edge portion and said spreader part with
5
3,088,470
a snap ?t ‘and to stay in locked position thereon until
positively removed therefrom.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,867,558
2,008,636
2,483,661
6
2,522,324
2,630,703
2,882,716
2,930,061
Sommers ____________ __ Mar. 10; 1953
Anderson ____________ .. Apr. 21, 1959
O‘Neil ______________ __ Mar. 29, 1960
2,952,861
Reggie _____________ _._ Sept. 20, 1960
1,185,116
France ______________ __ Feb. 9, 1959
Atwood _____________ __ July 19, 1932
Brynan _____________ __ July 16, 1935
Neas ________________ -_ Oct. 4, 1949
Wilkerson ___________ __ Sept. 12, 1950
FOREIGN PATENTS
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