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May 7, 1963 , J. F. SKOLD 3,088,571 MULTIPLE COIN ACTUATOR FOR VENDING MACHINES Filed Aug. '7, 1961 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 May 7, 1963 J. F. SKOLD 3,088,571 MULTIPLE COIN ACTUATOR FOR VENDING MACHINES Filed Aug. 7, 1961 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 44 i FIG . 7 4546 / INVEMOR. JOHN F; " SKOLD May 7, 1963 J. F. SKOLD 3,088,571 MULTIPLE com ACTUATOR FOR VENDING MACHINES Filed Aug. 7, 1961 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR. JOHN F. SKOLD May 7, 1963 J. F. SKOLD 3,088,571 MULTIPLE COIN ACTUATOR FOR VENDING MACHINES Filed Aug. 7, 1961 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 INVENTOR. JOHN F. SKOLD BY May 7, 1963 3,088,571 J. F. SKOLD MULTIPLE com ACTUATOR FOR VENDING MACHINES Filed Aug. 7, 1961 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 FIG.12 FIG.13 INVENTOR. JOHN F. SKOLD United States Patent G?lice 3,088,571 Patented May 7, 1963 1 2 3,988,571 denominations may be readily used with corresponding dimensional changes in the device. Referring to FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, a main channel or frame MULTIPLE COIN ACTUATGR FOR VENDING MACHINES John F. Slrold, 4650 N. Oak Park Ave., Chicago, Ill. Filed Aug. 7, 1961, Ser. No. 129,748 7 Claims. (Cl. 194-92) 1 provides a support for all of the elements and includes a pocket 2 in which rejected coins are returned to the user. The main frame also contains coin entrance apertures 3, 4 and 5 corresponding to the thickness and diameters of dimes, nickels and pennies respectively. Close control of This invention relates in general to coin apparatus and these dimensions eliminates the insertion of certain spurius more particularly to a coin actuator adapted to receive pluralities of coins of different denomination for actuating 10 coins and slugs. A lever 6 is pivoted for rotation in frame 1 for the return of deposited coins when operated. a vending machine at each of a variety of pre-selected Referring to FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, a shaft 7 journalled in prices. the vending machine is adapted to be manually oscillated, Prior mechanical actuators have been limited to the op as shown by arrow, for operating the latter when coins of eration of a relatively few coins of the same denomination or limited to the operation of single coins of different de 15 proper number and denomination are deposited in slots 3, 4 or 5. Under these conditions, a carriage 8, shown FIG. nominations. The vending industry has long desired a 3, is unlocked, by means hereinafter described, and the mechanical coin accumulator which may be adjusted to link 9 connected to shaft 7 by lever 10 will be freed for be responsive to one or multiples of coins of different vertical movement permitting one oscillation of shaft 7 denomination totalling a predetermined selling price for 20 for vending an article. The shaft and its associated link unlocking a vending machine. work is urged, by means not shown, into its idle position, The actuator hereinafter described ful?lls this desire by thus, providing the energy to return the actuator elements the provision of an adjustment means whereby multiples to their normal idle positions, as shown FIG. 3. of one or several coins of predetermined value will release Referring to FIG. 2, coins entering slots 3, 4 and 5 a machine for operation and is a principal object of the 25 are adapted to descend by gravity in separate paths in invention. passageways 44, 45, 46 to be hereinafter described. A Another object of the invention is the provision of a value plate 11 is pivotally retained to the rear of the actua mechanical coin actuator responsive to the deposit of a tor for oscillatory movement about a shoulder screw 12 plurality of coins of like denomination totalling a given and is provided with three value button assemblies 13, selling price or the deposit of a predetermined number of coins of different denominations totalling the said selling 30 14 and 15 slidably retained in separate slots 16, 17, 18, as price for releasing a vending machine for operation. shown, and corresponding to dimes, nickels and pennies respectively. A further object of the invention is the provision of a In this embodiment, when each of the three buttons are multiple coin actuator for receiving multiples of coins of in their upper idle positions, any coins deposited in corre different denomination for actuating a vending machine including means for the rejection and return of all coins 35 sponding slots 16, 17, 18, will descend to the return cup 2. The button 13 corresponding to a dime may be posi deposited prior to operation of the machine. tioned in each of the three offset notches 19, 20 and 21, Another object of the invention is the provision of a plu for accumulating one to three dimes; the button 14 corre rality of locking levers in a coin actuator adapted to be sponding to a nickel may be positioned in each of the selectively coupled for unlocking the actuator upon the deposit therein of selected combinations of a plurality of 40 notches 22, 23, 24 and 25, for accumulating one to four nickels; and the button 15 corresponding to a penny may coins of different denominations. be positioned in any of the notches 26, 27, 28, 29 and 30 These and other objects and advantages in one embodi for accumulating one to ?ve pennies. ment of the invention are described and shown in the Each button is constructed, as shown in FIG. 12, which following speci?cation ‘and drawings in which: FIG. 1 is a fragmentary elevation of a vending machine 45 includes a pin 31 of two diameters terminating in a hollow plunger 32 at one end and provided with a concentric showing the front elements of the actuator. ?oating cup 33 with a spring 34 compressed therebetween. FIG. 2 is a rear elevation of the actuator. It is now apparent that when any pin 31 is positioned FIG. 3 is a left side elevation of the actuator, shown adjacent the enlarged portion of each notch, it will partial in FIG. 2. FIG. 4 is a top plan View of the actuator, shown FIG. 2. 50 ly project therein and be held normal to plate 11. To re position each pin 31, the plunger 32 is depressed and the FIG. 5 is a rear elevation of the actuator, shown FIG. stem moved into any of the value notches shown. 2, with an element removed. FIG. 6 is the same as FIG. 5 with another element re Referring to FIG. 6, three hollow rectangular columns 35, 36 and 37 are secured in frame 1 by a pin 38 through moved. FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional plan view taken through sec 55 their lower ends and three screws 40 through a bracket 39 secured to frame 1 and, referring to FIG. 7, each tion line 7—7, FIG. 2. column has secured thereto plates 41, 42 and 43‘ which FIG. 8 is an enlarged fragmentary cross-sectional view form coin passageways 44, 45 and 46 corresponding to taken through section line 8-8, FIG. 2. dimes, nickels and pennies respectively with the lower FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional elevation taken through sec 60 half of each passageway open at the front side thereof. tion line ?‘—9, FIG. 2. Referring to FIGS. ‘5 and ‘8, a rear cover plate 47 is FIG. 10 is an enlarged cross-sectional elevation taken secured to frame 1 by screws 48, better shown in FIG. through section line 10-10, FIG. 3. 6, and to the central column 36 by shoulder screw 12 FIG. 11 is the same as FIG. 8 with elements in changed when plate 111 is in place, as shown in FIG. 2. Clear position. 65 ance apertures 49, 50 and 51 are provided in plate 47 FIG. 12 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken for the selective movement of the pins 31 of buttons 13, through section line 12—12, FIG. 8. 14 and 15 and an inclined partition 52 is secured in the FIG. 13 is a cross-sectional view taken through section lower portion of cover plate 47 to by-pass coins de line 13—13, FIG. 7. This particular embodiment of the actuator is adapted 70 scending vertically in each passageway into return pock et 2. to receive pluralities of U.S. dimes, nickels and pennies. Referring to FIGS. 3 and 6, the latch carriage 8 is slid However, it is understood that coins of different sizes and 3,088,571 3. 4 ably positioned between the outer ?anges 73 and the in slot 78 in cover plate 47. Thus, when the lever 6, shown side‘ surface of frame 1 and‘ against the inner sides of the columns 35, 36 and 37 and is pivotally connected to operating arms 9—‘9 secured on opposite ends of a shaft 53 retained in carriage 8. Referring to FIGS. '17, 8 and 13, the carriage consists of a rectangular casing 54 which serves as a housing for three latches 55, 56 and 57 which correspond to and FIG. 1, is depressed, the plate 11, shown FIG. 2, will be moved clockwise a predetermined angle about shoul der screw 12 and laterally displace the pins 31 from their adjusted positions in the passageways 44, 45 and 46. ' ' ' In operation and referring to FIG. 8, when a penny is deposited in slot 5, it Will descend by gravity in passage way 46 and impinge upon pin 65 and'be guided by the respectively. Each latch is pivoted for oscillatory move action of guide ‘63 and abutment 64 into position shown in dotted lines adjacent notch ‘66 resting against the end ment on shaft 53 and terminates in a radiused sear pro of pin 31 which is retained by pre-adjustment of button jection ‘58 at its upper end. 15. In the event the button ‘15 is preadjusted downward Referring to FIG. 13, each latch is provided with a lateral bore 74 along a common axis. The bore in latch for the accumulation of additional coins, then the upper 55 slidably retains price change plunger 59 adapted for 15 most one thereof will be positioned adjacent notch 66. movement from the position shown in full lines in en Assuming that the nickel and dime buttons are in their upper idle positions, and both plungers 59‘ and 60‘ are in gagement in the bore in latch 56 to dis-engagement there their inward positions, then the operation of the vending from as indicated in dotted lines. Likewise, a price change plunger 60 is slidably retained in the bore in latch machine by rotation of shaft 7 will raise the carriage 8 57 for engagement within the bore in latch 56, as shown 20 upward and the projection 58 of lever 55 will cam over in full lines and adapted to disengage therefrom when the outer edge of the penny, which is prevented from moved to the position shown in dotted lines. moving upward by pin 65, and permit the carriage to con When both plungers 59 and 60 are moved to their tinue its rising movement to its extending upper position, inward positions, the three latches will move simulta shown FIG. M. neously and when the plungers 59 and ‘60 are both with 25 It is now apparent that when the pin 31 is adjusted by drawn to their outward positions, each latch will move means of the button 15 into each of the notches 26, 27, 28, 29 or 30, it will permit the deposit of one to ?ve independently. When plunger 59 only is withdrawn, latch 55 may be moved independently, and latches 56 pennies edge upon edge with the lowermost coin resting are positioned adjacent the rear columns 35, 36 and 37 and 57 will remain engaged for simultaneous movement. Likewise, when plunger 60‘ only is withdrawn, latch 57 will move independently and latches 55 and 56 will move simultaneously. Referring to FIGS. 8 and 13, a spring 61 is retained upon pin 31, and the uppermost coin positioned adja 30 cent notch 66. Then the carriage 8 will release for up ward movement, as previously described, and operate the vending machine to vend articles corresponding in price to the position of the value button 15. in said latch, as shown, for normally urging the latch into -It_ is important to note that when the casing 54 is raised its forward locked position, as illustrated in FIG. 9, in 35 to its uppermost position, as shown, the coin or coins the nickel column 36. A loop in each of the outer pair retained on pin 31 will be de?ected forward from the of springs 61 is engaged with each plunger 59 and 60 passageway by- same and descend by action of gravity in serving as detent means and stop means for retaining the plungers 59 and 60 in their pre-set positions. A stop abutment 62 integral with casing 54 is positioned behind each latch for limiting the rearward motion there~ Of. The upper end of casing 54 terminates in an oblique a path indicated by arrow (a) into a cash box, not shown. In the event coins deposited in any of the passageways are rejected by the operation of lever 6 and the lateral displacement of pins 31, they will descend vertically in the passageway in a path indicated by arrow (b) and be engaged by partition 52 and deflected into return cup 2, guide ‘63 to which is secured resilient coin abutments shown FIG. 6. It is to be noted that the rear openings 64 positioned through clearance apertures 75 in guide 45 in, the lower portion of the passageways 44, 45 and 46 are 63 for directing each coin descended thereon into cor normally closed by virtue of the surface of the casing responding, coin passageways beneath a stop pin 65 in 54 when the carriage 8 is in its lower idle position. each column which pin traverses each of the coin pas The same general construction and operation applies sageways 44, 45 and 46, best shown in FIG. 10. It is to the nickel, and dime columns which function in the 50 to be noted that in FIG. 8 the casing 54 is in its lower same manner as the penny column described above. most idle position with the projection 58, of each latch Referring to FIG. 13, and assuming that the plungers bearing against the surface of each column with the eas 59 and 60¢ in the carriage 8 are moved to their inner posi ing providing a closure for the lower open sides of the tions, then therlatches 55, 56 and 57 will move simulta passageways and will guide all coins descending in the neously when engaging any coin positioned adjacent a 55 corresponding notch 66 in any of the passageways. Thus, passageways in a downward vertical path. A rectangular notch 66 is provided in each column the device will operate on predetermined pluralities of with the upper surface 67 thereof adapted to be engaged each one of the coins of selected denomination, the num by the projection 58‘ of each corresponding latch when ber depending upon the adjustment of a selected value the carriage v8 is raised a predetermined short distance. button and provided the remaining two buttons are posi tioned in their upper idle positions. Thus, in the absence of the deposit of coins, each of the latches will normally prevent full upward movement of Any coin deposited intothe idle passageways will de scend directly by gravity into the return cup 2 because the carriage and, thus, prevent a full rotation of shaft of the absence of the interference imposed by pins 31. 7 and the operation of the vending machine. This nor mal locked position is shown in FIG. 9. Upon the withdrawal of pin 60 to its outer position, 65 Referring to FIGS. ,1 and ‘10, the coin reject lever 6 predetermined multiples of dimes and nickels made in ac is journalled on a shaft 68 in frame 1 and through col cordance with the adjustment of buttons 13 and 14 will umn 37, as shown. An internal lever 69 secured to shaft release the mechanism with the button 15 moved to its 68. has a projection 70‘ extending through a clearance upper idle position. aperture 76 in cover plate 47 and engaged in a slot 77 70 Likewise, combinations of dimes and pennies will op in plate 11, as shown in FIG. 2. A flat spring 71 se erate the machine by adjustment of buttons 13 and 15 cured to column 37 bears against lever ‘69 and normally with button 14 moved to its upper idle position. holds plate 11 in the vertical operating position, shown In a like manner, when. the plunger 60‘ is moved to FIG. 2‘. The plate is further guided at the lower end its inner position and the plunger 59 withdrawn to its thereof by an. integral tongue 72. engaged in a. mating 75 outer. position, combinations of pennies and. nickels or 3,088,571 5 combinations of pennies and dimes may be made by ad justment of buttons 13, 14 and 15. With both plungers 59 and 60 withdrawn, the levers will operate independently and a combination of pennies, nickels and dimes is required to release the machine with a corresponding adjustment of buttons 13, 1‘4 and 15 6 distance downward therefrom for bypassing said coins therethrough, a multiple latch casing connected to and re sponsive to said vending machine retained in said frame for reciprocation from an idle locked position adjacent said open edge of said chutes into a vend position above said open edge, a plurality of latches corresponding to into their active predetermined positions. said chutes pivoted in said casing including spring means corresponding value. predetermined position adapted to arrest the lowermost for normally and independently urging each of said latches When the buttons 13-, 14 and 15 are in their single coin into locking engagement with each corresponding one of positions, as shown in FIG. 2, and the plungers 59‘ and 60 in their withdrawn positions, then the actuator will 10 said recesses in the coin path in each of said chutes for arresting said casing against movement to said vend po respond to the deposit of a single dime, a single nickel sition, a value plate secured to said frame for movement and a single penny. from an idle position to a reject position including spring Thus, it is apparent that by manual pre-adjustment an means for urging same into said idle position, a value pin exceedingly wide range of combinations of single, double or triple coins of different denominations Will release a 15 adjustably positioned in said plate corresponding with and adapted to project into each of said chutes in a selected vending machine and vend an article of predetermined It is understood that modi?cations to the above-de one of a predetermined number of coins descended in each of said chutes in edge upon edge relation with the intended to come within the scope of the appended claims. 20 uppermost one of said coins positioned adjacent said re cesses whereby each of said latches will engage and cam Having described my invention, I claim: over the edge of said uppermost said coin in each of said 1. A multiple coin actuator for a vending machine com chutes ‘and permit said casing to be moved to said vend prising means forming a frame, a plurality of chutes in position when said vending machine is operated, lever said frame positioned in planar parallel spaced relation scribed construction utilizing the features disclosed are adapted to edgewise conduct and temporarily retain 25 means in said frame for moving said value plate to said reject position and releasing coins resting thereon for gravity propelled coins of different size deposited in each gravity descent from said chutes when operated. of said chutes respectively, a recess in each of said 5. In a multiple coin actuator of the character described chutes extending into one edge thereof for engaging a means forming a frame, a chute in said frame adapted and locking a latch therein including an open edge a predetermined distance downward therefrom for by 30 to edgewise conduct and temporarily retaining therein gravity propelled coins of a predetermined size deposited passing said coins therethrough, a multiple latch casing therein, a recess in said chute extending into one edge connected to and responsive to said vending machine re thereof for engaging and looking a latch therein and in tained in said frame for reciprocation from an idle locked cluding an open edge a predetermined distance downward position adjacent said open edge of said chutes into a vend position above said open edge, a plurality of latches cor 35 therefrom for bypassing said coins therethrough, a latch casing connected to and responsive to said vending ma responding ,to said chutes pivoted in said casing including chine retained in said frame for reciprocation from an spring means for normally and independently urging each idle locked position adjacent said recess of said chute into of said latches into locking engagement with each cor a vend position above said recess, a latch pivoted in said responding one of said recesses in the coin path in each of said chutes for arresting said casing against movement 40 casing including spring means for normally urging same into locking engagement with said recess for arresting to said vend position, a manually adjustable value pin po said casing against movement to said vend position, a sitioned in said frame constructed and adapted to project value pin adjustably positioned in said frame constructed into each of said chutes in a selected position for arrest and adapted to project into said chute in a selected pre ing the lowermost one of a predetermined number of like coins descended in each said chute in edge upon edge re 45 determined position for arresting the lowermost one of a preselected number of coins descended in said chute in lation with the uppermost one of said coins positioned ad edge upon edge relation with the uppermost said coin posi jacent said recesses whereby each of said latches will tioned adjacent said recess whereby said latch will engage independently engage and cam over the corresponding and cam over the edge of said uppermost coin and out of edges of each of said uppermost said coins and bypass entry into each of said recesses in each of said chutes and 50 said recess and permit said casing to 1be moved to said vend position (when said vending machine is operated and permit said casing to be moved to said vend position when whereby said coins in said chute will descend by gravity said vending machine is operated and whereby the coins in in a predetermined path from same through said recess said chute will descend from said actuator by gravity from when said casing is moved to said vend position. said chutes through said open edges thereof when said 6. The construction recited in claim 5 including a trans casing is moved to said vend position. 55 verse pin in said chute positioned a predetermined dis 2. The construction recited in claim 1 including a trans tance above said recess for de?ecting gravity propelled verse abutment in each of said chutes positioned a pre coins descended in said chute outward therefrom, a coin determined distance above each said recess for preventing de?ecting means on the upper end of said casing for upward movement of each said uppermost coin when the conducting said coins deflected by said pin into the said latter is engaged by a corresponding said latch. 60 recess of said chute to [be temporarily retained therein by 3. The construction recited in claim 1 including manual said value pin. inter-connecting means for selectively locking preselected 7. In a multiple coin actuator of the character described pairs of said latches together for simultaneous movement a means forming a frame, a pair of outer chutes and whereby predetermined pairs of coins of different size de posited in corresponding chutes Will release said casing 65 a central chute in said frame positioned in planar parallel spaced relation and adapted to edgewise conduct and tem for movement to said vend position when said vending porarily retain gravity descended coins of different size machine is operated. deposited in each of said chutes respectively, a lock recess 4. A multiple coin actuator for a vending machine com in each of said chutes, a latch casing journalled for recip prising means forming a frame, a plurality of chutes in said frame positioned in planar parallel spaced relation 70 rocation in said frame adjacent said chutes and over said recess from an idle locked position into a dis/placed vend position, a pair of outer latches and a central latch pivot gravity propelled coins of different size deposited in each adapted to edgewise conduct and temporarily retain of said chutes respectively, a recess in each of said chutes extending into one edge thereof for engaging and locking ed in said casing about a common axis and corresponding to each of said chutes independently movable from a a latch therein including an open edge a predetermined 75 locked position in engagement with each said correspond 3,088,571 7 8 ing recess to an idle position displaced therefrom, spring uppermost coin'whereby the deposit of said predetermined means for independently urging each said latch into said coins in the said central chute and in either of the outer said chutes will disengage either of the outer said latches and the said central latch from engagement with their lock \position, plunger means for independently and selec tively engaging each of said outer latches with said central latch, abutment means in each of said chutes for tem porarily holding therein a ‘predetermined number of said like coins 'With the uppermost one adjacent said recess for carnming each of said latches over the edge of each of said corresponding recesses depending upon the selective posi tion of said plunger means and permit the movement of said casing to said vend position. No references cited.