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Патент USA US3088581

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May 7, 1963
,
J. F. SKOLD
3,088,571
MULTIPLE COIN ACTUATOR FOR VENDING MACHINES
Filed Aug. '7, 1961
5 Sheets-Sheet 1
May 7, 1963
J. F. SKOLD
3,088,571
MULTIPLE COIN ACTUATOR FOR VENDING MACHINES
Filed Aug. 7, 1961
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
44
i
FIG . 7
4546
/
INVEMOR.
JOHN F; " SKOLD
May 7, 1963
J. F. SKOLD
3,088,571
MULTIPLE com ACTUATOR FOR VENDING MACHINES
Filed Aug. 7, 1961
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
INVENTOR.
JOHN F. SKOLD
May 7, 1963
J. F. SKOLD
3,088,571
MULTIPLE COIN ACTUATOR FOR VENDING MACHINES
Filed Aug. 7, 1961
5 Sheets-Sheet 4
INVENTOR.
JOHN F. SKOLD
BY
May 7, 1963
3,088,571
J. F. SKOLD
MULTIPLE com ACTUATOR FOR VENDING MACHINES
Filed Aug. 7, 1961
5 Sheets-Sheet 5
FIG.12
FIG.13
INVENTOR.
JOHN F. SKOLD
United States Patent G?lice
3,088,571
Patented May 7, 1963
1
2
3,988,571
denominations may be readily used with corresponding
dimensional changes in the device.
Referring to FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, a main channel or frame
MULTIPLE COIN ACTUATGR FOR VENDING
MACHINES
John F. Slrold, 4650 N. Oak Park Ave., Chicago, Ill.
Filed Aug. 7, 1961, Ser. No. 129,748
7 Claims. (Cl. 194-92)
1 provides a support for all of the elements and includes
a pocket 2 in which rejected coins are returned to the user.
The main frame also contains coin entrance apertures 3,
4 and 5 corresponding to the thickness and diameters of
dimes, nickels and pennies respectively. Close control of
This invention relates in general to coin apparatus and
these dimensions eliminates the insertion of certain spurius
more particularly to a coin actuator adapted to receive
pluralities of coins of different denomination for actuating 10 coins and slugs. A lever 6 is pivoted for rotation in frame
1 for the return of deposited coins when operated.
a vending machine at each of a variety of pre-selected
Referring to FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, a shaft 7 journalled in
prices.
the vending machine is adapted to be manually oscillated,
Prior mechanical actuators have been limited to the op
as shown by arrow, for operating the latter when coins of
eration of a relatively few coins of the same denomination
or limited to the operation of single coins of different de 15 proper number and denomination are deposited in slots 3,
4 or 5. Under these conditions, a carriage 8, shown FIG.
nominations. The vending industry has long desired a
3, is unlocked, by means hereinafter described, and the
mechanical coin accumulator which may be adjusted to
link 9 connected to shaft 7 by lever 10 will be freed for
be responsive to one or multiples of coins of different
vertical movement permitting one oscillation of shaft 7
denomination totalling a predetermined selling price for
20 for vending an article. The shaft and its associated link
unlocking a vending machine.
work is urged, by means not shown, into its idle position,
The actuator hereinafter described ful?lls this desire by
thus, providing the energy to return the actuator elements
the provision of an adjustment means whereby multiples
to their normal idle positions, as shown FIG. 3.
of one or several coins of predetermined value will release
Referring to FIG. 2, coins entering slots 3, 4 and 5
a machine for operation and is a principal object of the
25 are adapted to descend by gravity in separate paths in
invention.
passageways 44, 45, 46 to be hereinafter described. A
Another object of the invention is the provision of a
value plate 11 is pivotally retained to the rear of the actua
mechanical coin actuator responsive to the deposit of a
tor for oscillatory movement about a shoulder screw 12
plurality of coins of like denomination totalling a given
and is provided with three value button assemblies 13,
selling price or the deposit of a predetermined number of
coins of different denominations totalling the said selling 30 14 and 15 slidably retained in separate slots 16, 17, 18, as
price for releasing a vending machine for operation.
shown, and corresponding to dimes, nickels and pennies
respectively.
A further object of the invention is the provision of a
In this embodiment, when each of the three buttons are
multiple coin actuator for receiving multiples of coins of
in their upper idle positions, any coins deposited in corre
different denomination for actuating a vending machine
including means for the rejection and return of all coins 35 sponding slots 16, 17, 18, will descend to the return cup 2.
The button 13 corresponding to a dime may be posi
deposited prior to operation of the machine.
tioned in each of the three offset notches 19, 20 and 21,
Another object of the invention is the provision of a plu
for accumulating one to three dimes; the button 14 corre
rality of locking levers in a coin actuator adapted to be
sponding to a nickel may be positioned in each of the
selectively coupled for unlocking the actuator upon the
deposit therein of selected combinations of a plurality of 40 notches 22, 23, 24 and 25, for accumulating one to four
nickels; and the button 15 corresponding to a penny may
coins of different denominations.
be positioned in any of the notches 26, 27, 28, 29 and 30
These and other objects and advantages in one embodi
for accumulating one to ?ve pennies.
ment of the invention are described and shown in the
Each button is constructed, as shown in FIG. 12, which
following speci?cation ‘and drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a fragmentary elevation of a vending machine 45 includes a pin 31 of two diameters terminating in a hollow
plunger 32 at one end and provided with a concentric
showing the front elements of the actuator.
?oating cup 33 with a spring 34 compressed therebetween.
FIG. 2 is a rear elevation of the actuator.
It is now apparent that when any pin 31 is positioned
FIG. 3 is a left side elevation of the actuator, shown
adjacent the enlarged portion of each notch, it will partial
in FIG. 2.
FIG. 4 is a top plan View of the actuator, shown FIG. 2. 50 ly project therein and be held normal to plate 11. To re
position each pin 31, the plunger 32 is depressed and the
FIG. 5 is a rear elevation of the actuator, shown FIG.
stem moved into any of the value notches shown.
2, with an element removed.
FIG. 6 is the same as FIG. 5 with another element re
Referring to FIG. 6, three hollow rectangular columns
35, 36 and 37 are secured in frame 1 by a pin 38 through
moved.
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional plan view taken through sec 55 their lower ends and three screws 40 through a bracket
39 secured to frame 1 and, referring to FIG. 7, each
tion line 7—7, FIG. 2.
column has secured thereto plates 41, 42 and 43‘ which
FIG. 8 is an enlarged fragmentary cross-sectional view
form coin passageways 44, 45 and 46 corresponding to
taken through section line 8-8, FIG. 2.
dimes, nickels and pennies respectively with the lower
FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional elevation taken through sec
60 half of each passageway open at the front side thereof.
tion line ?‘—9, FIG. 2.
Referring to FIGS. ‘5 and ‘8, a rear cover plate 47 is
FIG. 10 is an enlarged cross-sectional elevation taken
secured to frame 1 by screws 48, better shown in FIG.
through section line 10-10, FIG. 3.
6, and to the central column 36 by shoulder screw 12
FIG. 11 is the same as FIG. 8 with elements in changed
when plate 111 is in place, as shown in FIG. 2. Clear
position.
65
ance apertures 49, 50 and 51 are provided in plate 47
FIG. 12 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken
for the selective movement of the pins 31 of buttons 13,
through section line 12—12, FIG. 8.
14 and 15 and an inclined partition 52 is secured in the
FIG. 13 is a cross-sectional view taken through section
lower portion of cover plate 47 to by-pass coins de
line 13—13, FIG. 7.
This particular embodiment of the actuator is adapted 70 scending vertically in each passageway into return pock
et 2.
to receive pluralities of U.S. dimes, nickels and pennies.
Referring to FIGS. 3 and 6, the latch carriage 8 is slid
However, it is understood that coins of different sizes and
3,088,571
3.
4
ably positioned between the outer ?anges 73 and the in
slot 78 in cover plate 47. Thus, when the lever 6, shown
side‘ surface of frame 1 and‘ against the inner sides of
the columns 35, 36 and 37 and is pivotally connected to
operating arms 9—‘9 secured on opposite ends of a shaft
53 retained in carriage 8.
Referring to FIGS. '17, 8 and 13, the carriage consists
of a rectangular casing 54 which serves as a housing
for three latches 55, 56 and 57 which correspond to and
FIG. 1, is depressed, the plate 11, shown FIG. 2, will
be moved clockwise a predetermined angle about shoul
der screw 12 and laterally displace the pins 31 from
their adjusted positions in the passageways 44, 45 and
46.
'
'
'
In operation and referring to FIG. 8, when a penny is
deposited in slot 5, it Will descend by gravity in passage
way 46 and impinge upon pin 65 and'be guided by the
respectively. Each latch is pivoted for oscillatory move
action of guide ‘63 and abutment 64 into position shown
in dotted lines adjacent notch ‘66 resting against the end
ment on shaft 53 and terminates in a radiused sear pro
of pin 31 which is retained by pre-adjustment of button
jection ‘58 at its upper end.
15. In the event the button ‘15 is preadjusted downward
Referring to FIG. 13, each latch is provided with a
lateral bore 74 along a common axis. The bore in latch
for the accumulation of additional coins, then the upper
55 slidably retains price change plunger 59 adapted for 15 most one thereof will be positioned adjacent notch 66.
movement from the position shown in full lines in en
Assuming that the nickel and dime buttons are in their
upper idle positions, and both plungers 59‘ and 60‘ are in
gagement in the bore in latch 56 to dis-engagement there
their inward positions, then the operation of the vending
from as indicated in dotted lines. Likewise, a price
change plunger 60 is slidably retained in the bore in latch
machine by rotation of shaft 7 will raise the carriage 8
57 for engagement within the bore in latch 56, as shown 20 upward and the projection 58 of lever 55 will cam over
in full lines and adapted to disengage therefrom when
the outer edge of the penny, which is prevented from
moved to the position shown in dotted lines.
moving upward by pin 65, and permit the carriage to con
When both plungers 59 and 60 are moved to their
tinue its rising movement to its extending upper position,
inward positions, the three latches will move simulta
shown FIG. M.
neously and when the plungers 59 and ‘60 are both with 25
It is now apparent that when the pin 31 is adjusted by
drawn to their outward positions, each latch will move
means of the button 15 into each of the notches 26, 27,
28, 29 or 30, it will permit the deposit of one to ?ve
independently. When plunger 59 only is withdrawn,
latch 55 may be moved independently, and latches 56
pennies edge upon edge with the lowermost coin resting
are positioned adjacent the rear columns 35, 36 and 37
and 57 will remain engaged for simultaneous movement.
Likewise, when plunger 60‘ only is withdrawn, latch 57
will move independently and latches 55 and 56 will move
simultaneously.
Referring to FIGS. 8 and 13, a spring 61 is retained
upon pin 31, and the uppermost coin positioned adja
30 cent notch 66.
Then the carriage 8 will release for up
ward movement, as previously described, and operate the
vending machine to vend articles corresponding in price
to the position of the value button 15.
in said latch, as shown, for normally urging the latch into
-It_ is important to note that when the casing 54 is raised
its forward locked position, as illustrated in FIG. 9, in 35 to its uppermost position, as shown, the coin or coins
the nickel column 36. A loop in each of the outer pair
retained on pin 31 will be de?ected forward from the
of springs 61 is engaged with each plunger 59 and 60
passageway by- same and descend by action of gravity in
serving as detent means and stop means for retaining
the plungers 59 and 60 in their pre-set positions. A
stop abutment 62 integral with casing 54 is positioned
behind each latch for limiting the rearward motion there~
Of.
The upper end of casing 54 terminates in an oblique
a path indicated by arrow (a) into a cash box, not shown.
In the event coins deposited in any of the passageways
are rejected by the operation of lever 6 and the lateral
displacement of pins 31, they will descend vertically in
the passageway in a path indicated by arrow (b) and be
engaged by partition 52 and deflected into return cup 2,
guide ‘63 to which is secured resilient coin abutments
shown FIG. 6. It is to be noted that the rear openings
64 positioned through clearance apertures 75 in guide
45 in, the lower portion of the passageways 44, 45 and 46 are
63 for directing each coin descended thereon into cor
normally closed by virtue of the surface of the casing
responding, coin passageways beneath a stop pin 65 in
54 when the carriage 8 is in its lower idle position.
each column which pin traverses each of the coin pas
The same general construction and operation applies
sageways 44, 45 and 46, best shown in FIG. 10. It is
to the nickel, and dime columns which function in the
50
to be noted that in FIG. 8 the casing 54 is in its lower
same manner as the penny column described above.
most idle position with the projection 58, of each latch
Referring to FIG. 13, and assuming that the plungers
bearing against the surface of each column with the eas
59 and 60¢ in the carriage 8 are moved to their inner posi
ing providing a closure for the lower open sides of the
tions, then therlatches 55, 56 and 57 will move simulta
passageways and will guide all coins descending in the
neously when engaging any coin positioned adjacent a
55 corresponding notch 66 in any of the passageways. Thus,
passageways in a downward vertical path.
A rectangular notch 66 is provided in each column
the device will operate on predetermined pluralities of
with the upper surface 67 thereof adapted to be engaged
each one of the coins of selected denomination, the num
by the projection 58‘ of each corresponding latch when
ber depending upon the adjustment of a selected value
the carriage v8 is raised a predetermined short distance.
button and provided the remaining two buttons are posi
tioned in their upper idle positions.
Thus, in the absence of the deposit of coins, each of the
latches will normally prevent full upward movement of
Any coin deposited intothe idle passageways will de
scend directly by gravity into the return cup 2 because
the carriage and, thus, prevent a full rotation of shaft
of the absence of the interference imposed by pins 31.
7 and the operation of the vending machine. This nor
mal locked position is shown in FIG. 9.
Upon the withdrawal of pin 60 to its outer position,
65
Referring to FIGS. ,1 and ‘10, the coin reject lever 6
predetermined multiples of dimes and nickels made in ac
is journalled on a shaft 68 in frame 1 and through col
cordance with the adjustment of buttons 13 and 14 will
umn 37, as shown. An internal lever 69 secured to shaft
release the mechanism with the button 15 moved to its
68. has a projection 70‘ extending through a clearance
upper idle position.
aperture 76 in cover plate 47 and engaged in a slot 77 70
Likewise, combinations of dimes and pennies will op
in plate 11, as shown in FIG. 2. A flat spring 71 se
erate the machine by adjustment of buttons 13 and 15
cured to column 37 bears against lever ‘69 and normally
with button 14 moved to its upper idle position.
holds plate 11 in the vertical operating position, shown
In a like manner, when. the plunger 60‘ is moved to
FIG. 2‘. The plate is further guided at the lower end
its inner position and the plunger 59 withdrawn to its
thereof by an. integral tongue 72. engaged in a. mating 75 outer. position, combinations of pennies and. nickels or
3,088,571
5
combinations of pennies and dimes may be made by ad
justment of buttons 13, 14 and 15.
With both plungers 59 and 60 withdrawn, the levers
will operate independently and a combination of pennies,
nickels and dimes is required to release the machine with
a corresponding adjustment of buttons 13, 1‘4 and 15
6
distance downward therefrom for bypassing said coins
therethrough, a multiple latch casing connected to and re
sponsive to said vending machine retained in said frame
for reciprocation from an idle locked position adjacent
said open edge of said chutes into a vend position above
said open edge, a plurality of latches corresponding to
into their active predetermined positions.
said chutes pivoted in said casing including spring means
corresponding value.
predetermined position adapted to arrest the lowermost
for normally and independently urging each of said latches
When the buttons 13-, 14 and 15 are in their single coin
into locking engagement with each corresponding one of
positions, as shown in FIG. 2, and the plungers 59‘ and
60 in their withdrawn positions, then the actuator will 10 said recesses in the coin path in each of said chutes for
arresting said casing against movement to said vend po
respond to the deposit of a single dime, a single nickel
sition, a value plate secured to said frame for movement
and a single penny.
from an idle position to a reject position including spring
Thus, it is apparent that by manual pre-adjustment an
means for urging same into said idle position, a value pin
exceedingly wide range of combinations of single, double
or triple coins of different denominations Will release a 15 adjustably positioned in said plate corresponding with and
adapted to project into each of said chutes in a selected
vending machine and vend an article of predetermined
It is understood that modi?cations to the above-de
one of a predetermined number of coins descended in
each of said chutes in edge upon edge relation with the
intended to come within the scope of the appended claims. 20 uppermost one of said coins positioned adjacent said re
cesses whereby each of said latches will engage and cam
Having described my invention, I claim:
over the edge of said uppermost said coin in each of said
1. A multiple coin actuator for a vending machine com
chutes ‘and permit said casing to be moved to said vend
prising means forming a frame, a plurality of chutes in
position when said vending machine is operated, lever
said frame positioned in planar parallel spaced relation
scribed construction utilizing the features disclosed are
adapted to edgewise conduct and temporarily retain 25 means in said frame for moving said value plate to said
reject position and releasing coins resting thereon for
gravity propelled coins of different size deposited in each
gravity descent from said chutes when operated.
of said chutes respectively, a recess in each of said
5. In a multiple coin actuator of the character described
chutes extending into one edge thereof for engaging
a means forming a frame, a chute in said frame adapted
and locking a latch therein including an open edge
a predetermined distance downward therefrom for by 30 to edgewise conduct and temporarily retaining therein
gravity propelled coins of a predetermined size deposited
passing said coins therethrough, a multiple latch casing
therein, a recess in said chute extending into one edge
connected to and responsive to said vending machine re
thereof for engaging and looking a latch therein and in
tained in said frame for reciprocation from an idle locked
cluding an open edge a predetermined distance downward
position adjacent said open edge of said chutes into a vend
position above said open edge, a plurality of latches cor 35 therefrom for bypassing said coins therethrough, a latch
casing connected to and responsive to said vending ma
responding ,to said chutes pivoted in said casing including
chine retained in said frame for reciprocation from an
spring means for normally and independently urging each
idle locked position adjacent said recess of said chute into
of said latches into locking engagement with each cor
a vend position above said recess, a latch pivoted in said
responding one of said recesses in the coin path in each
of said chutes for arresting said casing against movement 40 casing including spring means for normally urging same
into locking engagement with said recess for arresting
to said vend position, a manually adjustable value pin po
said casing against movement to said vend position, a
sitioned in said frame constructed and adapted to project
value pin adjustably positioned in said frame constructed
into each of said chutes in a selected position for arrest
and adapted to project into said chute in a selected pre
ing the lowermost one of a predetermined number of like
coins descended in each said chute in edge upon edge re 45 determined position for arresting the lowermost one of a
preselected number of coins descended in said chute in
lation with the uppermost one of said coins positioned ad
edge upon edge relation with the uppermost said coin posi
jacent said recesses whereby each of said latches will
tioned adjacent said recess whereby said latch will engage
independently engage and cam over the corresponding
and cam over the edge of said uppermost coin and out of
edges of each of said uppermost said coins and bypass
entry into each of said recesses in each of said chutes and 50 said recess and permit said casing to 1be moved to said
vend position (when said vending machine is operated and
permit said casing to be moved to said vend position when
whereby said coins in said chute will descend by gravity
said vending machine is operated and whereby the coins in
in a predetermined path from same through said recess
said chute will descend from said actuator by gravity from
when said casing is moved to said vend position.
said chutes through said open edges thereof when said
6. The construction recited in claim 5 including a trans
casing is moved to said vend position.
55
verse pin in said chute positioned a predetermined dis
2. The construction recited in claim 1 including a trans
tance above said recess for de?ecting gravity propelled
verse abutment in each of said chutes positioned a pre
coins descended in said chute outward therefrom, a coin
determined distance above each said recess for preventing
de?ecting means on the upper end of said casing for
upward movement of each said uppermost coin when the
conducting said coins deflected by said pin into the said
latter is engaged by a corresponding said latch.
60
recess of said chute to [be temporarily retained therein by
3. The construction recited in claim 1 including manual
said value pin.
inter-connecting means for selectively locking preselected
7. In a multiple coin actuator of the character described
pairs of said latches together for simultaneous movement
a means forming a frame, a pair of outer chutes and
whereby predetermined pairs of coins of different size de
posited in corresponding chutes Will release said casing 65 a central chute in said frame positioned in planar parallel
spaced relation and adapted to edgewise conduct and tem
for movement to said vend position when said vending
porarily retain gravity descended coins of different size
machine is operated.
deposited in each of said chutes respectively, a lock recess
4. A multiple coin actuator for a vending machine com
in each of said chutes, a latch casing journalled for recip
prising means forming a frame, a plurality of chutes in
said frame positioned in planar parallel spaced relation 70 rocation in said frame adjacent said chutes and over said
recess from an idle locked position into a dis/placed vend
position, a pair of outer latches and a central latch pivot
gravity propelled coins of different size deposited in each
adapted to edgewise conduct and temporarily retain
of said chutes respectively, a recess in each of said chutes
extending into one edge thereof for engaging and locking
ed in said casing about a common axis and corresponding
to each of said chutes independently movable from a
a latch therein including an open edge a predetermined 75 locked position in engagement with each said correspond
3,088,571
7
8
ing recess to an idle position displaced therefrom, spring
uppermost coin'whereby the deposit of said predetermined
means for independently urging each said latch into said
coins in the said central chute and in either of the outer
said chutes will disengage either of the outer said latches
and the said central latch from engagement with their
lock \position, plunger means for independently and selec
tively engaging each of said outer latches with said central
latch, abutment means in each of said chutes for tem
porarily holding therein a ‘predetermined number of said
like coins 'With the uppermost one adjacent said recess for
carnming each of said latches over the edge of each of said
corresponding recesses depending upon the selective posi
tion of said plunger means and permit the movement of
said casing to said vend position.
No references cited.
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