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Патент USA US3088640

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May 7, 1963
c. F. TER ‘BUSH
3,088,630
ARTICLE LOCK-OUT MECHANISM FOR VENDING MACHINE
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
Filed April 13, 1959
FIG. I
INVENTOR
CHARLES E TER BUSH
Maud-z
ATTORNEYS
May 7, 1963
3,088,630
c. F. TER BUSH
ARTICLE LOCK-OUT MECHANISM FOR VENDING MACHINE
Filed April 13, 1959
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
FIG. 2
INVENTOR.
CHARLES F. TER BUSH
BY
»’
"M4562
AT TOR NEYS
May 7, 1963
c. F. TER BUSH
3,088,630
ARTICLE LOCK-OUT MECHANISM FOR VENDING MACHINE
Filed April 15, 1959
3 Sheets—Sheet 3
FIG. 4
52
INVENTOR
CHARLES F. TER BUSH
BY
ATTORNEYS
United States Patent O?ice
3,088,630
Patented May 7, ‘1963
1
2
3,083,630
that carries a plurality of vertically superimposed slid
able gate means indicated generally .at 3640. Each of
the gates 36-49 is mounted on‘ a vertically disposed track
ARTICLE LGCK-OUT MECHANISM FOR
VENDING MACHINE
Charles F. Ter Bush, Grove City, Ohio, assignor to Ideal
Dispenser Co., Columbus, Ohio, a corporation of ()hio
Filed Apr. 13, 1959, Ser. No. 805,821
4 Claims. (Cl. 221.—303)
means, not illustrated, said track means being illustrated
andrdescribed in detail in 115. Letters Patent No. 3,010,
608.
When one of the gate means 36-40 is open by with
drawal of an article, all of the other gate means are re
This invention relates to vending machines and more
particularly to a novel release mechanism for vending
a plurality of article types.
strained from opening by a novel interlock mechanism,
ward movement to permit withdrawal of an article from a
movement of the bottles into the releasing station when
the pivotally mounted gate is locked.
Each of the slidably mounted gate means 3.6-4.0 in
not illustrated, described in detail in US. Letters Patent
No. 3,010,608.
Reference is next made to FIGS. 2, f3, and 4 which il
In general, the vending machine of the present inven
lustrate a vpivotally mounted gate means indicated gen
tion includes a plurality of inclined shelves each of
erally at 45. Frame 35 supports brackets 46 and 47 and
which delivers articles to a respective article releasing
station. Each of the article releasing stations includes a 15 a pivot rod 43 is suspended bythe brackets- A blade 50
is suspendedon pivot rod 48 so as to engage; and restrain
slidably mounted gate means which is released for up
respective article releasing station upon insertion of a
coin in the vending machine.
In accordance with the present invention the release
mechanism also includes a pivotally mounted sheet metal
cludes an inturned vertical ?ange 52 forming a shoulder
as shown on sate means 37 and 33 in
3. When a
?ange 52 is raised, upon opening of one of the slidahle
gate means located between each inclined shelf and its
gate means 37, the ?ange 52 is moved in front of a ?ange
respective article releasing station for preventing the
54 forming a. second shoulder on the front portion of
article stored on the inclined shelf from moving into the
article releasing station when the previously mentioned 25 pivotally mounted gate means 45. Flange 52 thereby
obstructs pivoting of gate means 45 to an article re
slidably mounted gate means is in a lifted open position
and an article is being removed therefrom. Said pivot
ally mounted sheet metal gate means is formed in a
leasing position lwhereby articles are prevented from
moving into article releasing stations 28-32.
With continued reference to FIGS. 2.. 3, and 4, pivot
novel manner to include sheet metal ?ange portions
certain of which are obstructed by said slidably mounted 30 ally mounted gate means 45 cannot be swung to the
gate means and certain others of which serve to obstruct
right, as viewed in FIG. 2, and held there for the removal
of bottles from the inclined shelf 23 since a shoulder 61
said slidably mounted gate means depending on the rela
formed by a ?ange 60.011 the front end of gate means 45
tive con?guration in which the gate means are disposed.
will engage a stop formed by the lower surface of a ?oor
It is therefore an object of the present invention to
provide a novel article releasing mechanism which in 35 62 of the article releasing station next above
In operationthe machine is loaded through the opening
cludes a plurality of slidably mounted sheet metal gate
normally closed by front door panel 56 by placing articles
means that cooperate with a plurality of pivotally mount
on the inclined shelves 2246. All of the slidable gate
ed sheet metal gate means to control the movement of
means 3640 will be in a closed position whereby the in
articles both into and out of a plurality of article re
leasing stations, said gate means including integrally 40 turned ?anges 52 thereon lie below the pivotally mounted
gate means 45. Since the pivotally mounted gate means
formed sheet metal gate obstructing portions that serve
45 are unlocked one article will roll into each of the
to obstruct certain other of said gate means when said
‘article releasing stations 28-32. In order to make a pur
gate means are disposed in certain relative con?gurations.
chase, a coin is inserted in a coin acceptance mechanism,
Further objects and advantages of the present inven
tion will be apparent from the following description, ref 45 not illustrated, whereby one of the articles in one of the
article releasing stations can be grasped by the neck and
erence being had to the accompanying drawings wherein
drawn outwardly. The progressively greater diameter of
a preferred form of embodiment of the invention is clearly
the neck of the bottle being withdrawn engages a roller
shown.
57 on ,the lower edge of the gate means to reduce the fric
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a front elevational view of a vending ma
chine provided with the novel article releasing mecha
nism of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a partial front elevational view of the article
releasing mechanism of the present invention;
50 tional resistance as the gate means is lifted by the bottle.
While the gate means is in the upper position, as seen
at gate means 37 in FIGS. 2 and 3, the inturned ?ange 52
on gate means 37 is, positioned in front of ?ange 54 on
pivotally ‘mounted gate means 45 which prevents the next
FIG. 3 is a side sectional view showing a portion of 55 article on shelf 22 from moving into article releasing
station 29 from where it could be withdrawn under slidable
the article releasing mechanism of the present invention,
gate means 37 while the gate means is open.
the section being taken along the line 3—3 of FIG. 2;
When gate means 37 is released by the complete with
and
drawal of the bottle the gate means will return to a closed
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a pivotally mounted
gate comprising a portion of the article releasing mech 60 position, such as the position occupied by gate means 38
in FIGS. 2 and 3, wherein flange 52 lies below ?ange 54
anism of the preceding ?gures.
and pivotally mounted gate means 45 is thereby freed to
Referring in detail to the drawing a vending machine
pivot and release the next ‘article into the article releasing
constructed according to the present invention is indi
station.
cated generally at 20, FIG. 1, and includes a storage
With continued reference to FIG. 2 ?ange 601 on pivot
compartment 21 provided with a plurality of superim 65
ally mounted gate means 45 serves an additional im
posed inclined shelves 22-26.
portant function in that it will obstruct opening of a slid
The lower end of each of the inclined shelves 22-26
ably mounted gate means when pivotally mounted gate
communicates with an article releasing station 28-32
Each of these stations includes an entrance 33 and an
means 45 is pivoted in a clockwise direction, from its
tion includes a frame means indicated generally at 35
on pivotally mounted gate means 45 will overlie flange 52
70 normal suspended position, as seen at the article releasing
outlet opening 35a.
station 30 in FIG. 2. It will be understood that ?ange 60
The article release mechanism of the present inven
3
on slidable gate means 38 when it is pivoted in a clock
wise direction with slidable gate means 38 closed as seen
in FIG. 2.
This arrangement prevents an unethical
purchaser from reaching into the article releasing station
by said shoulder when said ?rst gate means is in said
open position, said shoulder being movable away from
obstructing relationship with said sheet metal gate means
upon closing of said first gate means.
and rotating pivotally mounted gate means 45 in a clock UK
3. An article release mechanism fora vending machine
wise direction prior to the lifting of slidable gate means 38.
of the type that includes a plurality of vertically spaced
If the unethical purchaser were able to do so he could, of
course, remove all of the articles from shelf 23 merely by
expending the purchase price required for one actuation
of the release mechanism.
While the form of embodiment of the present invention
as herein disclosed constitutes a preferred form, it is to
be understood that other forms might be adopted, all com
ing within the scope of the claims which follow:
I claim:
1. An article release mechanism for a vending machine
of the type that includes a plurality of vertically spaced
shelves, said mechanism comprising, in combination,
frame means; an inclined shelf for supporting a plurality
shelves, said mechanism comprising, in combination,
frame means; an inclined shelf for supporting a plurality
of articles to be vended; an ‘article releasing station at
a lower end of said inclined shelf and including an en
trance and an outlet opening; a ?rst gate means vertically
slideably mounted on said frame means and movable
between a closed position obstructing said outlet opening
and an open position; a second gate means mounted for
pivotal movement about an ‘axis that extends substantially
perpendicular to the plane of said ?rst gate means and
including a ?rst ?ange disposed in the path of articles
moving into said article receiving station, a second ?ange
offset from said ?rst flange and provided with a bearing
of articles to be vended; an article releasing station at a 20 hole, and a third flange offset from said second ?ange, said
lower end of said inclined shelf and including an entrance
?rst gate means including a shoulder for vertical move
and an outlet opening; a ?rst gate means vertically slide~
ably mounted on said frame means and movable between a
ment into obstructing relationship with said third ?ange
of said second gate means’when said ?rst gate means
closed position obstructing said outlet opening and an open
is in an open position.
position, said ?rst gate means including a ?rst shoulder; 25
4. An article release mechanism for a vending machine
and a second gate means pivotally mounted to said frame
of the type that includes a plurality of vertically spaced
means at said entrance for pivotal movement about an
axis that extends substantially perpendicular to the plane
shelves, said mechanism comprising, in combination,
frame means; an inclined shelf for supporting a plu
of said ?rst gate means, said second gate means being '
rality of articles to be vended; an article releasing station
movable between a ?rst position wherein articles on said 30 at a lower end of said inclined shelf and including an
shelf are obstructed against movement into said article
entrance and an outlet opening; a ?rst gate means verti
releasing station and a second position wherein said
articles are not obstructed against movement into said
article releasing station, said second gate means including -
cally slideably mounted on said frame means and movable
between a closed position obstructing said outlet open
ing and an open position, said ?rst gate means including
a sheet metal ?ange portion forming a second shoulder, 35 a shoulder; a second gate means mounted for pivotal
said second shoulder being obstructed by said ?rst shoul
movement about an axis that extends substantially per
der on said ?rst gate means when said ?rst gate means is
pendicular to the plane of said ?rst gate means and in
in said open position, said ?rst shoulder being movable
cluding a first ?ange disposed in the path of articles
away from obstructing relationship with said second shoul—
moving into said article receiving station and a second
der by movement of said ?rst gate means into said closed
?ange offset from an end ‘of said ?rst ?ange, said second
position.
'
?ange being normally clear of the path of the movement
2. An article release mechanism for a vending machine
of said shoulder, said second ?ange being movable into
of the type that includes a plurality of vertically spaced
a position of obstructing relationship with said shoulder
shelves, said mechanism comprising, in combination,
frame means; an inclined shelf for supporting a plurality
of articles to be vended; an article releasing station at a
lower end of said inclined shelf and including an entrance
‘and an outlet opening; a ?rst gate means vertically slide
ably mounted on said frame means and movable between
a closed position obstructing said outlet opening and an 50
open position, said ?rst gate means including a shoulder; a
pivot rod mounted to said frame and including a longitu—
dinal axis extending substantially perpendicular to the
plane of said ?rst gate means; and a sheet metal gate means
including bearing holes through which said pivot rod is 55
extended for pivotally supporting said sheet metal gate
means to said frame means above said shelf, said sheet
metal gate means being retained in the path of said articles
when said second gate means is in an article releasing
position; and means for obstructing movement of said
second gate means responsive to movement of said ?rst
gate means.
References Qited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
2,232,619
M-acCartee et a1 ________ __ Feb. 18, 1941
2,727,654
Childers et a1 _______ _;___ Dec. 20', 1955
2,766,906
2,875,922
2,898,001
2,986,304
Bookout et al __________ __ Oct. 16,
Hsu et a1 ______________ __ Mar. 3,
Johnson __; ___________ __ Aug. 4,
Earnhardt ____________ __ May 30,
1956
1959
1959
1961
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