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Патент USA US3088672

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May 7, 1963
3,088,663
H. HEUER
ACTUATING ARRANGEMENT FOR BUSINESS MACHINES
5 Sheets-Sheet l
Filed Nov. 25, 1960
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May 7, 1963
H. HEUER
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ACTUATING ARRANGEMENT FOR BUSINESS MACHINES
Filed Nov. 25, 1960
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
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May 7, 1963
H. HEUER
3,088,663
ACTUATING ARRANGEMENT FOR BUSINESS MACHINES
Filed NOV. 25, 1960
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
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May 7, 1963
H. HEUER
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ACTUATING ARRANGEMENT FOR BUSINESS MACHINES
Filed Nov. 25, 1960
5 Sheets-Sheet 4
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May 7, 1963
H. HEUER
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ACTUATING ARRANGEMENT FOR BUSINESS MACHINES
Filed NOV. 25, 1960
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United States Patent Ofi-ice
3,'Ü88ß63
Patented May 7, 1963
2
1
to the operative position so that, for example, the pins
3,088,663
of a pin carriage are set.
ACTUATlNG ARRANGEMENT FOR BUSINESS
MACHINES
Since the electro-magnetic selector means do not have
to eñect shifting of the pins of the pin carriage, they can
be small, and consequently may be operated by small
Hans Heuer, Wilhelmshaven, Germany, assigner to
Olympia Werke A.G., Wilhelmshaven, Germany
currents, such as impulses received from -a remote con
Filed Nov. 23, 1960, Ser. No. '71,244
Claims priority, application Germany Nov. 27, 1959
2t) Claims. (Cl. 23S-6l)
The present invention relates to an actuating arrange
trol station. The actuating means which must be capable
of shifting the elements of the pin carriage, is stronger
and requires a higher current. However, in accordance
10 with the present invention only a single actuating means
electro-magnetic input arrangement for introducing char
is suiiicient for effecting all setting operations.
ln the preferred embodiment of the present invention,
acters, such as digits, into a calculator.
the shiftable elements :are arranged in a row, and cooper
Electromagnetic input arrangements for business ma
chines are known in which the keys are operated by elec
ate with the corresponding row of pins in a pin carriage.
Whenever the actuating means is actuated, stepping means
edccting a step-wise shifting of the pin carriage are oper
ated so lthat the pin carriage moves to the next following
ment for a -business machine, and more particularly to an
tro-magnetic means so that remote control of the machine
is possible. However, the known apparatus requires a
very strong electro-magnetic means for each key so that
position in which another row of pins thereof is aligned
with the row of shiftable elements.
i
the electro-magnetic means are large, and are difficult to
Circuit means connect the electro-magnetic actuating
20
build into a compact business machine.
means and the electro-magnetic selector means in such a
Other business machines are known in which electro
manner that whenever a selector means is energized by
magnetic means are provided in addition to the keyboard
for introducing information into the storage means of the
machine. Again, a great deal of additional space is re
an' impulse, the electro-magnetic actuating means is :auto
matically actuated to transfer the received information to
rangements have the :additional disadvantage that com 30
operation.
quired for these arrangements necessitating increase of 25 the pin carriage. In the preferred embodiment of the
present invention, the circuit means include means for
the size of the business machine, and render-ing it impos
slightly delaying the action of the actuating means so
sible to provide existent manually operated machines with
that the coupling means of the selector means are in
the electro-magnetic input means.
coupling position when the actuating means starts its
The above described known electromagnetic input ar
paratively high currents are required for the operation,
so that the control signals cannot be directly used for
operating the electromagnetic input means, but have to
A particularly compact construction is obtained if the
set of electro-magnetic selector means is arranged on one
side, and the larger electro-magnetic actuating means is
located on the other side of the row of shiftable elements
so that the apparatus can be arranged below the keyboard
of a conventional ten-key calculator.
The movable armature of the electro-magnetic actuat
these disadvantages of known electrically controlled busi
ing means moves in the shifting direction of the shiftable
ness machines, and to provide an electric actuating ar
rangement of small size and requiring comparatively 40 elements, while the coupling means of the selectors move
transverse to the direction of movement or" the shiftable
small current for operation.
be iirst ampliiied, resulting in additional space require
ments and increased costs.
It is an object of the present invention to overcome
Another object of the present invention is to provide
elements, and are in coupling position located between
in a calculator a set of selector means controlled by small
with additional objects and advantages thereof, will be
the respective shiftable elements and the movable arma
a compact electric input device for a calculating oiiice
ture of the electro-magnetic actuating means.
machine. Another object of the present invention is to
The novel features which are considered as character
provide an electromagnetic input arrangement which can 45
istic for the invention are set forth in particular in the
be built into the small space available in standard ten-key
appended claims. The invention itself, however, both as
calculators.
to
its construction and its method of operation together
Another object of the present invention is to provide
best understood from the following description of spe
currents, and a single actuator for introducing informa 50 cific embodiments when read in connection with the ac
tion selected by operation of the selector means.
companying drawing, in' which.
Another object of the present invention' is to provide
FIG. l is a fragmentary horizontal sectional View illus
an electro-magnetic actuator, common to all digit-repre
trating one embodiment of the invention;
senting elements of a calculator, and a set of electro
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary exploded perspective view
magnetic means requiring small currents and serving for
showing parts of the device in a position turned through
connecting selected digit-representing elements with the
an angle of 90° as compared with FIG. 1;
actuator.
FIG. 3 is a perspective View illustrating an electro
With these objects in View, the present invention relates
magnetic means according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary perspective view illustrating a
calculator provided with the input device according to
which, for example, the pins of a pin carriage are set; an
the present invention, a wall being broken off (for the
actuating means, such as a strong electro-magnetic means
sake of clarity;
having an armature movable to and from an' actuating
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary perspective view illustrating
position; and a set of »selector means, preferably smaller
the apparatus of FIG. l in the position of FIG. 2;
65
electro-magnetic means, respectively correlated with the
FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating the electric ycircuit for
shiftable elements. Each electro-magnetic selector means
the electro-magnetic means of the invention; and
to a business machine provided with a set of shiftable
elements movable to and from an operative position, in 60
includes an armature by which a coupling means is
FIG. 6a is a diagram illustrating a modified circuit con
moved between an inoperative position and a coupling
necting the electro-magnetic means of the apparatus.
position. When any one of the coupling means is in its 70
Referring now to the drawings, and more particularly
coupling position, the actuating means moving to the
to FIGS. l, 2 »and 5, a pin carriage 4 is mounted movable
actuating position shifts a thus selected shiftable element
along a pair of guide rails 3 on >frame walls 1 and 2 of
3,088,663
the machine. Settable elements 5 are arranged in trans
verse rows on the pin carriage 4, each row representing
an order, and the settable elements 5 representing the
4
spaced the same distance as the shiftable elements 10 to
18. Each shiftable element has a transverse bore -60 to
pulled by a spring 7 to the left as viewed in FIGS. 1 and 5.
68 through which the coupling rod 40 to 48 of the re
spective correlated selector means 30 to 38 passes. When
the movable armature 26, 27 of a selector means is at
tracted by the energized coil 25, the armature 26 is in the
position illustrated in FIG. '1 in which the respective cou
When the leading stop pin 6 is shifted to a position re
leasing stop member 8, pin carriage 4 moves one step
pling rod is advanced toward the respective shiftable ele
ment to a pre-selecting position projecting tfarther beyond
digits. A set of stop pins 6 is mounted for shifting move
ment on pin carriage 4, the leading stop pin 6 abutting
a stationary stop member 8 when the pin carriage is
until the next ’following stop pin `6 `aibuts stop member 8. 10 the respective bore 60 to 68 than in the de-energized con
In each shifted position of the pin carriage, one row
dition of a coil 25 in which the coupling rod is retracted
of settable pin elements 5 is located opposite a correspond
by spring 51 to an inoperative position shown Ifor the lower
ing row or set of shiftable elements 10 to 18 Which `are
coil 25 in FIG. 1.
guided for movement in bores of a frame plate 9, and of
An electro-magnetic actuating means 52 is disposed
a guide plate 19. Each shiftable element has a portion
on the other side of the plane in which the row of shift
28 of greater diameter against which a spring 23 abuts
able elements 10» to 18 is located. The electro-magnetic
whose other yend rests on -frame plate 9. Consequently,
actuating means-52 is a much stronger magnet than the
all shiftable elements 10 to 18 are normally in the illus
elector magnets, and has a larger coil or winding 54
trated position in which the shoulder 21 of the thicker
designed for a greater current and supported in a cast
portion 2.0 abuts plate 19.
20 insulating mass within a rectangular yoke, as best seen
Whenever one of the shiftable elements 10I to 18 is
in FIG. 3. The rectangular yoke includes two pairs of
shifted against the action of `spring 23, its rfree end en
parallel laminated plates which are connected by tongue
-gages one of the settable elements 5 on the pin carriage,
and shifts the respective settable element 5 to a position
and groove connections. A connector plate 57 is sup
ported in the cast insulating mass. A core 53 is secured
representing lan introduced digit in the respective order.
Only nine settable elements respectively representing the
to one of the plates of the yoke, and the yoke has in
the opposite plate an opening 58 through which the
digits from 0 to 8, are provided in each row of the pin
carriage. The digit 9 is represented in a known manner
movable armature part 55 projects. Part 55 carries a
lever 55 on a pivot pin 72, lever 56 having a round
by a step-wise movement of the pin carriage without
head 85 abutting a stationary plate, and a free end with
setting of a settable element 5, while the respective trans 30 a projection 73 projecting into an opening in a bar 75
fer element of the calculator coopenates with a fixed abut
of an actuating member 76. The movable armature
ment. Correspondingly, only nine shiftable elements 10
part 55 has a slot 71 in which lever 56 is located, and
the respective end plate of the yoke has a pair of cor
to 18 are provided.
responding aligned slots 69 and 70, as best seen in FIG. 3,
A row of electro-magnetic selector means 30 to 38 is
located on one side of the plane of the shiftable elements 35 in which the lever 56 is guided.
10 to 18, while a single larger electro-magnetic actuating
means 52 is located on the other side of the plane of
the shiftable elements.
The coils 25 of the row of electro-magnetic selector
means are arranged in two lines, the coils of the selector
means 30, 32, 34, 36 land 3-8 being located in one line
and staggered to the coils of the selector means 31, 33,
35 and 37 so that all coils can :be arranged in a shorter
row, as if the coils 'were arranged in one line.
In this
When coil 54 is energized, the armature part 55 is
attracted and lever 56 performs a pivotal movement while
turning about its round head 8S, so that the actuating
member 76' performs a pivotal movement about a pair
of supporting pins 77 which project from portions 78 of
actuating member 76 into corresponding bores in the
yoke of the electro-magnetic actuator means 52.
The actuating member 76 has a U-shaped actuator
part including an actuating part 81 in the form of an
manner, it is possible to dispose each coil 25 in a posi
elongated bar extending along the row of shiftable pin
tion ‘aligned with a shiftable element 10 to 18.
elements 10 to 18 across the shiftable pin elements and
Each electro-magnetic selector means 30 to 38 has a
the coupling rods 48 to 48, as best seen in FIGS. l and 5.
A spring 88 is connected to a fixed point and to a projec
core 24 projecting into the respective coil 25, a movable
tion ’79 on actuating member 76 and urges the actuating
armature including a part 26 projecting into coil `25, and
a lever 27 pivotally supported on part 26. All selector 50 member to turn in clockwise direction into an inopera
tive position. When electro-magnetic means 52 is ener
magnets have a common rectangular yoke composed of
gized, the movable armature 55 is attracted, lever 56 is
two pairs of opposite parallel laminated plates which are
pivoted in counterclockwise direction, and effects pivotal
connected to each other by tongue and groove connections.
movement of actuating members 76 in counterclockwise
The cores 24 are secured to one of the plates 28 which is
direction so that actuating part 81 moves across the bores
located opposite the row of shiftable elements 10 to 18,
68 to 68 in the shiftable elements 1t) to 18.
`and this plate 28 also has an elongated opening 29, best
Coupling rods 48 to 48 in inoperative positions are
seen in FIG. 2. The yoke is -íilled with a cast hardenable
retracted from the path of movement of actuating part
insulating material in which the coils 25 are supported,
81. When a coupling or pre-selecting rod is located in
so that the coils need no additional supporting tubes. A
connector plate l84 is also supported in the cast insulating 60 the advanced coupling position thereof, as shown in FIG.
l, and also for coupling rod 47 in FIG. 5, then the end
material spaced lfrom the rectangular yoke. The cast
portion of the respective coupling rod is located in the
insulating material has an inner chamber of rectangular
path of movement of the actuating part 81, so that it
cross section terminating in opening 29.
is engaged by actuating part 81 when the same moves to
A row of coupling members or rods 40 to 48 is located
its
actuating position across the bores 68, 68, pivots in
in this chamber, the rods 40 to 48 projecting ‘from opening 65
the respective opening of guide plate 49, and moves to
29. >‘Each rod has a head portion 50, on which one end
a selecting position while shifting the respective shiftable
of a lever 27 abuts. The other end of each lever 27 has
pin element to a set operative position in which the re
a round head 85 resting on a stationary part 28a. A guide
spective pin element, for example the pin element 17, en
plate 49 is supported in the insulating mass and has a row
of openings through which coupling rods 40 to 48 pass. 70 gages the lower endof a settable pin 5 in the pin car
riage 4 and sets the pin 5 to introduce information in
A spring is provided between each head 50ç and the guide
plate `49, and urges the coupling rods 40 to 48 against
the pin carriage. For example, if the eighth shiftable pin
lever 27 so that the head -85 ofthe lever abuts the sta
element 17 is shifted, the respective pin 5 is set and the
digit 7 is represented in the respective order in the pin
tionary part 28a. Since the windings A2.5 fand the armatures
26,-27‘are staggered, the coupling rods 4t) to 48 can be
carriage.
3,088,663
5
A member 83 is secured by bracket 82 to the actuating
member 76, and moves with the same when actuating
member 76 moves to its actuating position. As best
seen in FIG. 5, member 33 is located opposite the lead
ing stop pin 6 of the pin carriage so that every time the
actuating member 76 performs a movement to its ac
tuating position, the respective leading stop pin is pushed
back from stop member 8, permitting the pin carriage
4 to move one step under the action of spring 7 until
the next following stop pin 6’ abuts stop member 8,
and stops the pin carriage 4 in a new position in which
the settable pin elements of the next following order are
aligned with the shiftable pin elements l0 to 18.
6
sulting in setting of the corresponding settable pin ele
ment 5 in the pin carriage 4.
When the digit 9 is introduced by impulses passing
through switch S9 and resistor W, only the relay Z is en
ergized, and effects energization of the electromagnetic
actuating means SZ, and a corresponding movement of
the actuating part Si, while lno coupling rod 4t) to 48 is
advanced to coupling position. However, member 83
will be shifted by actuating member 76, will actuate the
l0 stepping means 6, 8 of the pin carriage, and will effect a
single step of the pin carriage, which represents in the
machine of the type described the digit 9.
FIG. 6a shows a modiiied circuit in which the same
Due to the fact that a closure plate 86 closes the space
current passes through electro-magnetic means 52, and
in which levers 27 of the selector means are located, 15 Sti-3S which are connected in series. This circuit is
and that a closure plate 87 closes the space in which the
suitable when greater signal currents can be used. The
heads 85 of the levers 56 of the actuating means are
relay Z is omitted, and impulses passing through switches
located, levers 27 and 56 are confined, and pivotally
stt to S9 directly pass through the electro-magnetic actu
supported without the necessity of providing pivot pins.
ating means 52 to effect energization of coil 54, and an
The electro-magnetic selector means 30" to 33, and 20 operation of the actuating part 3l. A condenser C is
the electro-magnetic actuating means 52 are connected
connected in parallel with the Winding of the electro-mag
into a circuit in such a manner that upon actuation of
netic actuating means 52, so that the winding 54 is ener
any selector means 30 to 38, the electro-magnetic actuat
gized with a certain delay as compared with the energi
ing means 52 is also energized.
zation of the respective electro-magnetic selector means
Referring lirst to the circuit shown in FIG. 6, the wind 25 30 to 38, so that the actuated coupling rod 40 to 48
ings of the electromagnetic selectors 3th to 3S, and a
is already in the advanced coupling position when the
resistor W are connected in parallel between a source
actuating part Sl moves to its actuating position.
of current B and a relay Z. Plugs 84a, see also FIG. 5
FIG. 1 is a horizontal section so that the shiftable pin
are provided for detachably connecting the electromag
elements l0 to 18 are horizontal and located in a ver
netic means 30' to 33, and resistor W to the stationary 30 tical plane. FIG. 4 illustrates how the device is built
circuit parts which are mounted on the frame of the ma
into a compact ten-key calculator directly into the space
chine. Electromagnetic means 30` to 38 and resistor W
below the keyboard. Since only one strong, and con~
are connected in series with a set of switches S0 to S9.
sequently larger electro-magnetic actuating means has to
The switches S0 to S8, and a switch S9 are associated
be provided in the arrangement of the present invention,
with the ten digits. Switches S0 to S9 are respectively 35 and the electro-magnetic selector means can be con
operated by the ten keys of a calculator of the type shown
structed very small and combined in a single unit, the
in FIG. 4, or may be controlled from a remote station.
arrangement is extremely compact and can be disposed
By closing one of the switches S0 to S9, a number is in
in the small available space in the housing of a con
troduced into the pin carriage. As explained above, no
ventional calculator, which is not possible in prior art
settable pin is provided on the pin carriage 4 correspond 40 devices where a strong electro-magnetic means is pro
ing to the digit 9‘, so that no electromagnetic means is
energized by operation of switch S9.
The electromagnetic actuating means 52 is connected
in series with a relay switch z controlled lby the relay
Z. Plug and socket connections, see also FIG. 3 are pro
vided for detachably mounting the electromagnetic means
52 on the machine in the position shown in FIG. 4.
Relay Z operates with a short delay, so that when
switch S9 is closed and relay Z is energized the closing
vided for each shiftable element for effecting the shift
ing movement of the same.
irrespective of the small dimensions of the apparatus,
the apparatus is capable of receiving information from
a remote station, and to store such information in the
storage device of a calculator or similar business ma
chine.
It will be understood that each of the elements de
scribed above or two or more together, may also find
of relay switch z is delayed, since the movable contact 50 a useful application in other types of business machines
differing from the types described above.
of switch z moves very slowly when the winding of relay
Z is energized.
The circuit of the electromagnetic actuating means 52
is independent of the circuits of the electromagnetic
selector means 361 to 38, so that a much greater current
can How through the electromagnetic actuating means 52.
When one of the switches is closed, which corresponds
to the introduction of a digit into the calculator, a cur
rent passes through the respective electromagnetic selector
While the invention has been illustrated and described
as embodied in an electro-magnetic actuating arrange
ment for a ten-key calculator, it is not intended to be
limited to the details shown, since various modifications
and structural changes may be made without departing
in any way from the spirit of the present invention.
Without further analysis the foregoing will so fully
reveal the gist of the present invention that others can
means 3@ to 3S and through relay Z. The relay switch z 60 by applying current knowledge readily adapt it for vari~
moves slowly and closes after a certain delay to connect
ous applications without omitting features that, from the
electromagnetic actuating means 52 to the source of the
standpoint of prior art, fairly constitute essential char
current. ln the meantime, the impulse passing through
acteristics of the generic or specific aspects of this in
one of the windings 2S, eifects shifting of the respective
vention and, therefore, such adaptations should and are
coupling rod 4@ to 48 to the advanced coupling position 65 intended to be comprehended within the meaning and
so that part 81 engages the respective coupling rod 40
range of equivalence of the following claims.
to 48 under control of the electromagnetic actuating
What is claimed and desired to be secured by Letters
Patent is:
means 52.
As explained above, the energized winding 54 will
l. A data transferring device for business machines
attract the movable armature 5S so that lever 556 is
and the like, comprising, in combination, a set of shift
pivoted and turns actuating member 76 in counterclock
able elements, each shiftable element being movable be
wise direction so that actuating part 81 engages the re
tween an inoperative position and an operative position
, spective coupling rod in its advanced operative position,
and representing a single character, such as a digit; an
and shifts the respective shiftable element ltl‘ to 1S re 75 actuating means including an actuating member movable
3,088,663
7
8
along a path between a normal inoperative position Yand
position to selecting position, and control means for
an actuating position; and a set of selector means, each
selector means including a coupling member movable
between a normal inoperative position, a pre-selecting
position, and a selecting position, and control means for
moving the »respective coupling member between said in
operative position and said pre-selecting position so that
moving the respective coupling member between said in
operative position and said pre-selecting position, any one
coupling member in said pre-selecting position being lo
to said selecting position whereby a shiftable element is
shifted to said set position by said coupling member.
cated between one of said shiftable elements, respectively,l
said actuator part moving to said actuating position moves
a coupling member which is in said pre-selecting position
4. An arrangement as set forth in claim 3 wherein said
shiftable elements are pin elements formed with trans
and said actuating member, and in said path of movement
verse openings passing therethrough; wherein each cou
of said actuating member for coupling the respective shift-
pling member is an elongated coupling rod passing through
the opening in the respective correlated shiftable pin ele
able element with said actuating member, and being
moved by said actuating member from said pre-selecting
ment and having an end portion projecting beyond the
position to said selecting position when said actuating
same; and wherein said actuating part includes an elon
member moves from said inoperative position to said 15 gated bar extending across said shiftable elements and
actuated position so that the respective shiftable element
said end portions.
is moved by said actuating member through the respective
5. An arrangement as set forth in claim 4 and including
coupling member from said inoperative position to said
first spring means connected to said actuating part and
operative position whereby said actuating means is com
urging the same into said normal position; second spring
mon to all said shiftable elements and provides the force 20 means connected to said coupling rods for urging the
to move any one of said shiftable elements to said oper
same to said inoperative position, and third spring means
ative position.
connected to said shiftable elements for urging the same
2. In a business machine, in combination, an input ar
to said normal position of the same.
rangement comprising a row of shiftable elements located
6. An arrangement as set `forth in claim 4 wherein
in `a plane, each shiftable element being movable in op 25 each electro-magnetic selector means includes a cylin
posite directions between an inoperative position and -a
drical winding having an axis perpendicular to said plane
set position for introducing information into the machine,
of said row of shiftable pin elements, and a movable
armature having a pivoted lever; and including a guide
such -as a digit; an electro-magnetic actuating means in
plate having a row of openings, each coupling »rod pass
cluding :an actuating part extending along said row of 30 ing through one of said openings in said guide plate so
shiftable elements and being movable in said opposite
as to be supported for longitudinal movement to `and
directions in said plane between a normal inoperative
from said coupling position and for pivotal movement
position and an actuating position; and a row of electro
when said shiftable pin elements are shifted; wherein
each shiftable element representing a single character
magnetic selector means adapted to be energized by elec
tric impulses representing information, each selector
said coupling rods have head portions against which the
-ends of said pivoted levers abut; and including a spring on
means including a coupling member movable in a trans
each coupling rod located between said head of the re
verse direction transverse to said plane between an in
spective coupling rod and said guide plate.
operative position and a pre-selecting position, located be
tween one of said shiftable elements and said actuating
7. An arrangement as set forth in claim 6 wherein each
lever of said selector means has a round head at the other
part, and being movable in said opposite directions be 40 end thereof, and including a stationary member on which
tween said pre-selecting position and a selecting position,
said round head abuts so that said levers turn about said
each coupling member moving a shiftable element from
round heads when the movable armatures of said selector
said inoperative position to said set position during move
means are operated.
ment from said pre-selecting position to selecting posi
tion, and control means for moving the respective cou
8. An arrangement as set forth in claim 3 wherein
each control means of selector means includes a winding
pling member between said inoperative position and said
pre-selecting position so that said actuator part moving
to said actuating position moves a coupling member
which is in said pre-selecting position to said selecting
position whereby a shiftable element is shifted «to said set 50
shiftable elements, said windings being spaced along two
parallel lines, the windings of each line being staggered
to the windings of the other line; wherein each coupling
position by said coupling member.
having an axis perpendicular to the plane of said row of
member is aligned with one of said shiftable elements,
said coupling members being elongated rods located in
3. In a business machine, in combination, an input
arrangement comprising a row of shiftable elements lo
cated in a plane, each shiftable element being movable in
a common plane perpendicular to the plane of said shift
a set position for introducing information into the ma
chine, each shiftable element representing a single char
9. An arrangement as set `forth in claim 2 wherein each
of said electro-magnetic actuator means includes a cylin
acter such as a digit; an electro-magnetic actuating means
located on one side of said plane of said row of said
drical coil, a rectangular yoke composed of a ñrst pair
able elements; and each of said shiftable elements having
an opening receiving the correlated coupling rod, said
opposite directions between an inoperative position and 55 openings being located in said common plane.
of parallel laminated plates and a second pair of parallel
shiftable elements and including an actuating part ex 60 laminated plates, said laminated plates having tongues and
tending along said row of shiftable elements and being
grooves at the ends thereof and being connected by the
movable in said opposi-te directions in said plane between
same to each other, and an insulating material adapted to
a normal inoperative position and an `actuating position;
be cast located in said rectangular yoke and supporting
and a row of electromagnetic selector means located on
said coil; and a connector plate «supported in said insulat
the other side of said plane of shiftable elements and 65 ing material spaced from said yoke.
adapted to be energized by electric impulses representing
l0. An arrangement as -set `forth in claim 2. wherein said
information, each selector means including a coupling
electro-magnetic selector means have a common rectangu
member movable in a transverse direction transverse to
lar yoke composed of a first pair of parallel laminated
said plane between an inoperative position and a pre
plates and a second pair of parallel laminated plates, said
selecting position, located between one of said shiftable 70 laminated plates having tongues and grooves at the ends
elements and said actuating part, and being movable in
thereof and being connected by the same to each other,
said opposite directions between said preselecting posi
and an insulating material adapted to be cast located in
tion and a selecting position, each coupling member mov
said rectangular yoke, each control means of selector
means including a coil supported by said insulating ma
ing a shiftable element from said inoperative position to
said set position` during movement from said pre-selecting 75 terial and extending between the plates of said first pair;
3,088,663
one plate of said first pair having openings at the ends of
said coils; said selector means including movable arma
tures having a part located in said coils `and a part pro
jecting through said openings and being operatively con
nected to said coupling members.
11. In a business machine, in combination, an input
arrangement comprising a row of shiftable elements lo
cated in a plane, each shift-able element being movable in
opposite directions between an inoperative position and a
set position for introducing information into the machine,
each shiftable element representing a single character such
1t)
and representing a single character, such `as a digit; an
actuating means including »an actuating member movable
along a path between a normal operative position and
an actuating position; a set of selector means, e-ach
selector means including a coupling member movable
between a normal inoperative position, a pre-selecting
position, and a selecting position, and control means
for moving the respective coupling member between said
inoperative position and said pre-selecting position, any
one coupling member in said pre-selecting position being
located between one of said shiftable elements, respec
as a digit; an electro-magnetic -actuating means located on
tively, and said actuating member, and in said path of
one side of said plane of said row of said shiftable ele
movement of said actuating member for coupling the
ments and including an actuating part extending along said
respective shiftable element with said actuating member,
row of shiftable elements and being movable in said oppo 15 and being moved by said actuating member from said pre
site directions in said plane between a normal inoperative
selecting position to said selecting position when said
position and an actuating position; and a row of electro
actuating member moves from said inoperative position
magnetic selector means located on the other side of said
to said actuated position so that the respective shiftable
plane of shiftable elements and adapted to be energized by
element is moved by said «actuating member through
electric impulses representing information, each selector 20 the respective coupling member from said inoperative
means including a coupling member movable in a trans
position to said operative position whereby said actuating
verse direction transverse to said plane between an in
operative position and a pre- electing position, located
means is common `to all said shiftable elements and pro
vides the force to move any one of said shiftable elements
between one of said shiftable elements and said actuating
to said operative position; and means «operatively connect
part, and being 4movable in said opposite directions be 25 ing said control means with said `actuating means so that
tween said preselecting position and a selecting position,
sai-d actuating member is operated to move to said actuat
each coupling member moving a shiftable element from
ing position when a coupling member arrives in said pre
said inoperative position to said set position during move
selecting position.
ment from said pre-selecting position to selecting position,
14. A data transferring device for business machines
and control means for moving the respective coupling 30 and the like, comprising, in combination, a set of shift
member between said inoperative position and said pre
able elements, each shiftable element being movable be
selecting position so that said actuator part moving to
tween an inoperative position and an operative position
said actuating position moves a coupling member which is
and representing a single character, such as -a digit; an
in said pre-selecting position to said selecting position
electro-magnetic actuating means including an actuating
whereby a shiftable element is shifted to said set position
member movable along a path between a normal inop
by said coupling member; and electric circuit means con
erative position and an actuating position; a set of selector
necting said electro-magnetic selector means with said
means, each selector means including a coupling member
electro-magnetic actuating means, and including means `for
movable between »a normal inoperative position, a pre
energizing said electro-magnetic actuating means after one
seleoting position, and a selecting position, and electro
of said selector means has been energized so that said 40 magnetic control means for moving the respective cou
actuating part moves to said actuating position when the
pling member between said inoperative position and said
coupling member of the energized selector means has
preselecting position, any one coupling member in said
arrived in said pre-selecting position.
preselecting position being located between one of said
l2. A data transferring device for business machines
shiñtable elements, respectively, and said actuating mem
and the like, comprising, in combination, a set of shiftable
ber, and said path of movement of said actuating mem
elements, each shiftable element being movable between
ber for coupling `the respective shiftable element with said
an inoperative position and an operative position and rep
`actuating member, and being moved by said actuating
resenting a single character, such as a digit; an electro
member from said pre-selecting position to said selecting
magnetic actuating means including an actuating member
position when said yactuating member moves from said in
movable along a path between a normal inoperative posi 50 operative position -to said actuated position so that the
tion and an actuating position; yand a set of selector means,
each selector means including a coupling member movable
between a normal inoperative position, a pre-selecting
position, and a selecting position, and electro-magnetic
control means for moving the respective coupling member
between said inoperative position and said pre-selecting
position, any one coupling member in said pre-selecting
position being located between one of said shiftable ele
respective shiftable e-lement is moved by said actuating
member through the respective coupling member from
said inoperative position to said operative position where
by said electro-magnetic actuating means is common to
all said shiftable elements and provides the force to move
any one of said shiftable elements to said operative posi
tion; »and electric circuit means operatively connecting said
electro-magnetic control means with said electro-magnetic
actuating means so that said actuating member is operated
ments, respectively, and said actuating member, and in
said path of movement of said actuating member ‘for 60 to move to said actuating position when a coupling mem
coupling the respective shiítable element with said actuat
ber arrives in said pre-selecting position.
ing member, and being moved by said actuating member
l5. A data transferring device for business machines
from said pre-selecting position to said selecting position
and the like, comprising, in combination, a set of shift
when said actuating member moves from said inoperative
able elements, each shiftable element being movable
position to said actuating position so that the respective 65 between an inoperative position and an operative posi
shiftable element is moved by said Áactuating member
tion and representing a single character, such as a digit; an
through the respective coupling member from said inop
electro-magnetic actuating means including an actuating
erative position to said operative position whereby said
member movable along a path between a normal inop
electro-magnetic actuating means is common to all said
shiftable elements and provides the force to move any 70 erative position and an actuating position; :a set of selector
means, each selector means including a coupling member
one of said shiftable elements to said operative position.
13. A data transferring device for business machines
and the like, comprising, in combination, a set of shift
able elements, each shiftable element being movable be
tween an inoperative position and an operative position 75
movable between a normal inoperative position, a pre
selecting position, and a selecting position, and electro
magnetic control means for moving the respective cou
pling member between said inoperative position and said
3,088,663
pre-selecting position, any one coupling member in said
pre-selecting position being located between one of said
shiftable elements, `respectively, and said actuating mem
having a plurality of sets of settable pins representing
digits, said pin carriage being movable between a plu
rality of positions; stepping means for stepwise shifting
ber, and in said path of movement of said actuating mem
said pin carriage to said positions thereof; a set of shift
ber for coupling the respective shiftable element with said 5 able elements, each shiftable element being movable be
tween an inoperative position and an operative position
actuating member, and being moved by said actuating
and representing a single character, such as a digit, said
member from said preselecting position to said selecting
shiftable elements being aligned, respectively, with said
position when said actuating member moves from said
pins of different sets of pins in each position of said
inoperative position -to said actuated position so that the
respective shiftable element is moved by said actuating 10 pin carriage and setting said pins to represent digits when
moving to said operative position; an actuating means in
member «through the respective coupling member from
cluding an actuating member movable along a path be
said inoperative position to said operative position where
tween a normal inoperative position and an actuating
position; a set of selector means, each selector means
by said electro-magnetic actuating means is common to
all said shiftable elements and provides the force to move
any one of said shiftable elements to said operative posi 15 including a coupling member movable between a normal
inoperative position, a pre-selecting position, and a select
tion; and electric circuit means operatively connecting
ing position, and control means for moving the respective
said electro-magnetic control means with said elect-ro
coupling member between said inoperative position and
magnetic actuating means so that said actuating member
said pre-selecting position, any one coupling member in
is operated to move -to said actuating position when a
said pre-selecting position being located between one of
coupling member arrives in said pre-selecting position,
said shiftable elements, respectively, and said actuating
said electric circuit means including means for delaying
member, and in said path of movement of said actuating
actuation of said actuating member until a coupling mem
member for coupling the respective shiftable element with
ber has arrived in said pre-selecting position.
said actuating member, and being moved by said actuat
16. A device as set forth in claim 15 wherein said
ing member from said pre-selecting position to said select
«delaying means includes a relay connected in series with
ing position when said actuating member moves from
said electro-magnetic control means, and a normally open
said inoperative position to said actuated position so that
»relay switch closed by said relay a given time period after
the respective shiftable element is moved by said actuat
energization of said relay and connected in series with
ing member through the respective coupling member from
said electro-magnetic actuating means.
said inoperative position to said operative position where
17. A device as set forth in claim 15 wherein said de
laying means includes a condenser connected in parallel
with said electro-magnetic actuating means, and wherein
said electro-magnetic actuating means is connected in
series with said electro-magnetic control means.
18. A data transferring device for business machines 35
and the like, comprising, in combination, a pin carriage
having a plurality of sets of settable pins representing
digits, said pin carriage being movable between a plu
rality of positions; a set of shiftable elements, each shift
by said actuating means is common to all said shiftable
elements and provides the `force to move any one of said
shiftable elements ‘to said operative position and for
setting the respective pin to represent a digit, said actuat
ing means including means for actuating said stepping
means whenever said actuating member moves to said
actuating posi-tion; and means operatively connecting said
control means with said actuating means so that said
actuating member is operated to move to said actuating
able element being movable between an inoperative po 40 position when a coupling member arrives in said pre
selecting position.
sition and an operative position and representing a single
character, such as a digit, said shiftable elements being
20. A data transferring device for business machines
aligned, respectively, with said pins of di?erent sets of
pins in each position of said pin carriage and setting said
pins to represent digits when moving to said operative
and. the like, comprising, in combination, a pin carriage
having a plurality of sets of settable pins represenitng
diglts, said pin carriage being movable between a plu
for moving the respective coupling member between said
pins of different 'sets of pins in each position of said pin
carriage and setting said pins to represent digits when
moving to said operative position; an electro-magnetic
rality of positions; stepping means for stepwise shifting
position; an actuating means including an actuating mem
said pin carriage to said positions thereof; a set of shift
ber movable along a path between a normal inoperative
able elements, each shiftable element being movable be
position and an actuating position; a set of selector means,
tween an inoperative position and an operative position
each selector means including a coupling member mov
able between a normal inoperative position, a pre-select 50 and representing a single character, such as a digit, said
shiftable elements being aligned, respectively, with said
ing position, and a selecting position, and control means
inoperative position and said pre-selecting position, any
one coupling member in said pre-selecting position being
located between one of said shiftable elements, respec
55 actuating means including an actuating member movable
along a path between a normal inoperative position and
tively, and said actuating member, and in said path of
an actuating position; a set of selector means, each se
movement of said actuating member for coupling the
lector means including a coupling member movable be
respective shiftable element with said actuating member,
tween a normal inoperative position, a pre-selecting posi
and being moved by said actuating member from said
pre-selecting position to said selecting position when said 60 tion, and a selecting position, and electro-magnetic con
trol means for moving the respective coupling member
actuating member moves from said inoperative position
between said inoperative position and said pre-selecting
to said actuated position so that the respective shiftable
position, any one coupling member in said pre-selecting
element is moved by said actuating member through the
respective coupling member from said inoperative posi
tion to said operative position whereby said actuating
position being located between one of said shiftable ele
65
ments, respectively, and said actuating member, and in
provides the force to move any one of said shiftable ele
ments to said operative position and for setting the re
said path of movement of said actuating member for
coupling the respective shiftable element with said actuat
ing member, and being moved by said actuating member
spective pin to represent a digit; and means operatively
from said pre-selecting position to said selecting position
means is common to all said shiftable elements and
connecting said control means with said actuating means 70 when said actuating member moves from said inoperative
position to said actuated position so that the respective
so that said actuating member is operated to move to said
actuating position when a coupling member arrives in
shiftable element is moved by said actuating member
said pre-selecting position.
through the respective coupling member from said inoper
ative position to said operative position whereby said
19. A data transferring device for business machines
and -the like, comprising„in combination, a pin carriage 75 electro-magnetic actuating means is common to all said
3,088,668
13
14
shiftable elements and provides the force to move any
one of said shiftable elements to said operative position
ing means for delaying actuation of said actuating member until a coupling member has arrived in said pre
and for setting the respective pin to represent a digit,
said actuating means including means for actuating said
stepping means whenever said actuating member moves
to said actuating position; and electric circuit means
selecting position.
operatively connecting said electro-magnetic control
means with said electro-magnetic actuating means so that
said actuating member is operated to move to said actu
ating position when a coupling member arrives in said 10
pre-selecting position, said electric circuit means includ
References Cited in the ñle of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
2,702,159
Reppert _____________ __ Feb. 15, 1955
2,824,688
Mehan ______________ __ Feb. 28, 1958
2,981,466
Beall et al. __________ __ Apr. 25, 1961
2,987,243
3,017,1080
Parker _______________ ___. June 6, 1961
Schwend ____________ __ Jan. 16, 1962
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