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Патент USA US3088840

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' May 7,1963
'
R E GRAHAM
HERME'I‘ICALLY'SEALED FOOD PACKAGE WITH
TAMPER RESISTANT ,cLosuRE
Filed Oct. 20/1959
-
‘3,088,830
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THIN-I-
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INVENTOR.
Zémz. 47””
United States Patent 0 "ice
3,088,830
Patented May 7, 1963
2
1
In the drawings:
_
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of a sealed jar with
a portion of the upwardly extended label broken away
to show its relationship to the attaching skirt of the
3,088,830
HERWETICALLY SEALED FOOD PACKAGE WITH
TAMPER RESISTANT CLOSURE
Robert E. Graham, Toledo, Ohio, assignor to Owens
Illinois Glass Company, a corporation of Ohio
Filed Oct. 20, 1959, Ser. No. 847,485
1 Claim. (Cl. 99-171)
closure cap.
FIG. 2 is a top plan view.
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary sectional elevational view
showing on an enlarged scale that portion illustrated in
section in FIG. 1.
My invention relates to containers for food and the
FIG. 4 is a view similar to FIG. 3 showing the use of
like commodities and more particularly to glass jars which 10 a narrow paper band or collar encircling the attaching
are ?lled and hermetically sealed by means of closure
skirt of the closure cap and an adjacent portion of the
caps of the screw-threaded, lug or snap-on type.
jar, such being intended for use where the body label
It is most important that food containers remain
or decoration constitutes an integral part of the con
hermetically sealed from the time of ?lling and closing
tainer as differentiated from a removable paper label.
under sterile conditions until they reach the ultimate
In FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, I have illustrated one form of
consumer who is about to or is going to use the contents.
my invention in which it is an integral part of a conven
Otherwise, as is readily understood, sterility and suit
ability of the food, etc., for human consumption cannot
be assured. This is particularly important and critical
in the ?eld of baby foods. Contributing to the utter de
feat of efforts to attain this objective is the current prac
tional wrap-around paper label 10 adhesively bonded to
the body 11 of a jar 12 or the like receptacle in more
Such a jar may, after
?lling, be sealed hermetically by means of a closure cap
20 or less conventional fashion.
tice on the part of many shoppers to remove closure
caps from food containing jars in the retail stores, sam
ple or smell the contents, reapply the closure caps and
13 including a depending attaching skirt 14 which con
ventionally is telescoped over a mouth forming wall 15
at the upper end of the jar. Any suitable attaching
means may be utilized to removably secure the closure
too often return such already opened and of necessity 25 cap to the jar and, as shown in FIG. 3, may be in the
no longer sterile packages to the store shelves for pur
form of lugs 16 provided on the exterior of the jar neck
chase 'by another customer. It is most di?‘icult to curb
and engageable with mating threads or projections (not
this practice and practically impossible to do so 100%.
shown) on the interior of the closure cap skirt 14.
An object of my invention is the provision of simple,
Where a paper wrap-around label is employed, it is
completely reliable means, readily useable in commercial
common practice to roll the jar or such receptacle over
practice, which will function as a “tell-tale” to visibly
an adhesive applicator which applies a ?lm 17 of bond
indicate whether a jar, or such container, has been tam
ing material to the body. Thereafter, the receptacle
pered with and/or subjected to unauthorized breaking
rolls over a label and by this procedure the label be
of the original hermetic seal.
comes bonded to the jar and extends over its entire cir~
A further object is the provision of a wrap-around
cumference. My invention provides simply for increas
paper label, bonded in customary fashion to a container
ing the width of the label so that there is an upwardly
body and having an upward extension freely encom
extending portion 10a which encompasses a substantial
passing such an area of the attaching skirt of a remov
part of the closure cap Skirt 14 but is unbonded thereto.
able closure cap that readily visible surface scuffing, 40 This extension of the label covers enough of the closure
distortion or mutilation of a portion of the label is un
cap skirt to preclude suf?ciently effective manual grasp
avoidable incident to the removal of, or serious ‘attempts
ing of the cap to permit its removal without concurrently
to remove, the closure cap.
therewith wrinkling or mutilating the extended portion
Another object of my invention is the provision of a
10a to such degree as to present visible evidence that the
paper band or collar encompassing contiguous areas of 45 closure cap has been removed or in any event an attempt
a jar or the like product-?lled container and the attach
has been made in that direction. It is apparent that one
ing skirt of a closure cap with the band bonded only to
attempting to remove and/ or succeeding in removing and
the container.
replacing a closure cap from a package incorporating my
I am aware of others’ efforts, such as revealed in
invention cannot avoid causing such extensive mutilation
Abrams et a1. Patent No. 2,223,017 to attain the im
of the free unbonded portion of the label as will provide
portant objective of my invention. These efforts, how
clear visible evidence of tampering. As I have pointed
ever, have been unsuccessful, largely because, as in the
out heretofore, it is important that there be no bond be
Abrams et ‘a1. patent, the strips are bonded tightly both
tween the closure cap attaching skirt and the extended
to the container and closure cap. As a consequence,
portion of the label. Otherwise, one might easily sever
the strip ordinarily is severed by means of a knife or 55 the band along the lower margin of the attaching skirt,
such instrument along the parting line between the cap
remove and reapply the closure cap with little likelihood
skirt and container or along this same line incident to
that such tampering would ever be detected. If pre
ferred, there may be a line of weakness at the juncture
unscrewing of the closure cap. In either event, the sev
erance is quite clean and takes place along a relatively
narrow well de?ned line which is none too visible.
Ac
cordingly, the closure cap may be reapplied and un
authorized opening of the package too frequently goes
undetected. My invention, however, is such that if ade
of the label proper and extended portion. This may be
in the form of a plurality of perforations 10b. Twisting
of the closure cap and with it the paper strip overlying
the cap skirt will tear the strip at the weakened line and
clearly indicate tampering.
In a modi?ed form of my invention (FIG. 4), which
quate pressure is applied to remove the closure cap, that
pressure will also, of necessity, wrinkle, mutilate or in 65 is intended for use where the label is printed directly
upon the jar 12a, a paper band 18 or a band formed of
some fashion impart an abnormal appearance to that
some equivalent material encircles contiguous areas of
portion of the paper in the closure cap zone to clearly
the jar and closure cap 13a. Adhesive 19 is applied
visibly indicate that someone has opened or attempted to
to a portion of the jar body and functions to securely
open the package.
70 bond the lower portion of the paper band or collar to
Other objects will be in part apparent and in part
pointed out hereinafter.
the jar. Here again those portions of the band which
3,088,830
3
encircle the closure cap skirt 14a are unbonded to the
latter for the reasons explained above in connection with
that form of my invention shown in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3.
Modi?cations may be resorted to Within the spirit and
scope of the appended claim.
I claim.
,
A hermetically sealed container consisting} of a re
ceptacle having a body portion formed with a mouth
de?ning wall, a food item enclosed therein, a skirted
screw-threaded closure cap telescoped over and remov- 10
ably secured to the mouth-de?ning wall to hermetically
seal the receptacle,v a readily multilatable paper band en
circling contiguous areas of the body and closure cap
skirt and means adhesively bonding the band to the re—
ceptacle only,’ said band extending axially over the 010- 15
é
sure cap skirt a ‘substantial degree whereby to preclude
su?iciently e?ective manual grasping of the closure cap
to remove same from the receptacle independently of
and Without visibly mutilating the band.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
958,887
1,006,087
Parmele _____________ __ May 24, 1910
Hertzberg ____________ __ Oct. 17, 1911
1,908,245
Hogg ________________ .__ May 9, 1933
1,942,212
2,066,708
2,367,317
2,888,159
Haseltine _____________ __ Jan. 2,
Young _______________ __ Jan. 5,
Thomas _____________ __ Jan. 16,
Fields ______________ __ May 26,
1934
1937
1945
1959
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