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Патент USA US3089551

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May 14, 1963
Filed Jan. 16, 1961
7 Vice
Patented May 14, 1963
Samuel D. Lockshin, Northampton, Mass, assignor to
Hampden Specialty Products Corporation, Easthamp
ton, Mass, a corporation
Filed Jan. 16, 1961, Ser. No. 82,811
1 Claim. (Cl. 160-633)
over the end of the web without requiring clamping there
of to the web. Said device, at each opposite end of a
strip, is connected to the adjacent tubular member of a
frame component so that the strip material is maintained
in taut supporting condition.
It is, therefore, an object of the invention to furnish an
improvement in the art which, on the basis of the factors
involved, is capable of solving the dif?culties involved.
The present invention relates generally to new and use
The web fastener hereof merely slips over the end of
ful improvements and structural re?nements in a clip or 10 the web and the web is then snubbed .thereagainst in man
fastener for a webbing-strip such ‘as is commonly used
net to preclude the slippage of the fastener and web
in connection with tubular furniture and is directed more
relative to each other.
particularly to the provision of a web fastener which is
By the means hereof, the fastener may be easily ad
justed or readjusted‘ and, if necessary, repaired, all without
strips which are, as is known, interlaced across the tu 15 tools.
bular frames of metal furniture, such as chairs, chaise
The nature of the device of the invention is such that
lounges and the like.
the end of strip material is gripped against displacement,
It will be helpful to an understanding of my invention
and the device is connected or ‘attached to a tubular mem—
to ?rst brie?y consider some of the essential points and
ber easily and readily without the necessity of screws,
more important features and aspects thereof, so that same
bolts or the like, all to the end that economy in manu
may be kept in mind during the subsequent reading of
facture results, ‘and the strip material may ‘function as a
the detailed description of the practical embodiment of
support Without likelihood of detachment.
my improvements and of the illustration thereof in the
Other objects of the present invention are to avoid and
hereunto annexed drawing.
eliminate the prior ‘art faults and objections and to provide
Accordingly, it is ?rst to be noted that my invention 25 fastenings which can be quickly and easily applied or re
may be embodied in any device having a need for he
moved, which will be inexpensive, and which will actually
tening strips of Webbing to metal.
particularly employed in connection with such webbing
be stronger and better than fastening means such as here
The seats, back-rests, leg-rests, and other components
tofore used. 1
of well known present day furniture embody frames hav
Particular objects of the invention are to provide a
ing opposite and adjacent side and end tubular members 30 light and small form of fastening which can be put on or
and with somewhat narrow strips or lengths of material
transversely arranged as to each other and interlaced as
taken oif by hand and which will make a neat connection
of the webbing with the frame and be substantially con
to each other, with opposite ends of said strips being
cealed and out of the way.
secured to opposite frame members, as the supporting
'It has heretofore been known in the art to use clips of
35 V-shape cross section squeezed on the end of webbing
It has been the practice in the manufacture of articles,
strips and having a hook for engagement in slots provided
such as folding chairs made of aluminum tubing, to se
in the walls of aluminum tubes in making foldable lawn
cure the webbing by looping it about the frame members
furniture. However, experience with such clips reveals
in various ways.
in that they do not properly grip certain kinds
Such methods have required the exercise of special care 40 of webbing having strands of circular cross section.
and skill and involved considerable time and use of extra
Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention
and special materials, all resulting in higher costs.
to provide a ‘clip which overcomes the above drawbacks
The existing practice in the trade, as exempli?ed by
of prior art clips, but which can be as cheaply manufac
the known prior art, is to clamp the fasteners to the web.
tured; and it is a further object of the invention to pro
Such means heretofore known all have certain common 45 vide a clip which will be durable and which will not readily
and obvious objections that, in order to operate them,
slip out of place when applied by means of an integral
Web penetration is necessary so as to lead to eventual
hook to a slot in a tubing frame.
rupture of the web under the normal stresses and strains
of use.
The problem has been accentuated by the fact that spe
cial machinery is usually necessitated so as to compli
cate and add to the costs of production as well as the
problems of repair.
The ends of the strip material, according to the prior
Without intending to place undue limitations upon the
scope of the invention beyond what may be required by
the state of the prior art, the particular embodiment of
the invention may be brie?y described as embracing the
concept of a slide fastener which is engageable with a
?exible webbing strip which is normally made of resilient
plastic material such as polyethylyene.
art, have been secured or a?ixed to the tubular members 55
The invention comprehends a particular construction,
by various and numerous methods and means which
have been time consuming and costly. Further, in use,
the ends of the strips of material too frequently become
loosened or ruptured and therefor fail in their supporting
In contradistinction, I have devised a novel means
whereby these di?‘iculties and objections are overcome. I
accomplish this by the provision of a device which ob
viates the need for special equipment and eliminates the
aforesaid objectionable inconveniences.
The principal objects of this invention are directed to
the provision of a means and method of securing the ends
of strip material to the tubular frame members of furni~
ture in such manner as to insure ‘a permanent connection.
arrangement, combination, and relationship of the vari
ous elements, components and instrumentalities of a Web
fastener as exempli?ed in the following detailed disclo
To make the manufacture of my web fastener a more
pro?table undertaking, the mechanism embodying the es
sence of the invention has been engineered in manner as
to be simple in its construction so as to expedite econom
ical large-scale production and assembly, the usual com
plexity of components having been so greatly reduced as
to offer a compact design representative of a fundamen
tally new concept in the combining and coacting of the
component parts of such a fastener.
Precision of relative dimensioning of parts- as millitates
The novel features of the invention, in a general way, 70
inexpensive manufacture, simplicity of mainte
include a device which may be easily and readily slipped
nance and care, and consistency of performance in prac
opposite tubular members with clips at opposite ends
thereof connected to opposite tubular members.
tical use have been assiduously borne in mind in the de
velopment of the present invention.
The end portion W’ of a web W is inserted upwardly
through the opening 6 of the clip, turned over the teeth
The characteristic features which I consider to be
novel with my invention, as to its construction and or
ganization' and as to its methods of operation, will be
better understood from a consideration of the following
detailed description forming a part of this speci?cation,
12, and the ears or hooks 10 are engaged in the slot 16
so that the web portion W’ is securely and rigidly gripped
or clamped between the clip and the tubing 14.
With the opposite ends of the web secured by clips to
opposite tubular members, any strain or weight on the
when read in conjunction with the illustrations in the ac
companying drawing, wherein like characters of reference
web is resisted by engagement of the hooks 10 with the
are employed to designate like or corresponding parts 10 edge of the slot 16 of the tubing.
throughout the several views and in which.
Thus, the end of the web is easily and readily secured
In the drawing:
to the tubing without the necessity of fastening means,
FIG. 1 is a top plan view of a device for securing to
the end of webbing, and embodying the novel features of.
the invention;
FIG. 2 is a sectional view at the line 1-1 of FIG. 1;
such as screws and grommets or the like, and without the
15 likelihood of the web becoming detached therefrom.
The clip may, of course, be formed with as many
hooks as may be desired and will be arranged so that
when connected with the tubular member there will be a
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a tubular element with
wedging action of the hooks and edge of the slot in which
which the device of FIGS. 1 and 2 is connectable, the
hooks are inserted.
device being shown as secured to the end of a length of 20 theThe
hooks may take various forms and will be such
that the weight or pressure on the web will enhance the
With continued reference now to the drawing, which
wedging action of the hook and side of the slot, which
illustrates a typical and preferred embodiment of the in
vention for the purpose of disclosure and forms a part of
With strips of webbing cut to the proper length, and
this speci?cation, I have shown a fastener clip of the 25 with opposite ends thereof gripped in clips, opposite tu
bular members may be temporarily positioned by suitable
In the following description and in the appended
means for inserting the hooks of clips in the slots of the
claims, various components and details thereof will be
tubes and thereafter the tubes may be positioned perma
identi?ed by speci?c names for purposes of convenience.
nently so that the Webbing extends therebetween in a taut
The phraseology or terminology herein employed is for
supporting condition.
the purpose of description and not of limitation.
The inner edge of the plate will clamp and bind the
It will be understood that the device hereof is to be
overreaching end portion of the web against the tubing,
used on the tubular frame of a chaise lounge or chair or
like piece of metal furniture which employs such tubu
lar members in combination with strips of ?exible plastic
webbing which are interlaced with each other and ex
tend between opposite side rails or end rails of the furni—
ture components, all of which is well understood and
therefore is not herein illustrated in detail.
The fastener clip of the invention is generally indicated
by numeral 2 and comprises a generally rectangular body
4 formed of a relatively thin and stiff metal and having a
with the web being impinged by the teeth 12, and the
outer or base edge of the plate will hold and grip the
full width of the web with a snubbing action. This snub
bing and binding action will increase as tension is applied
to the webbing and consequently, the fastener will hold
with greater effect as the load is increased.
The fasteners may be applied to the end of the web
bing after or before the webbing is assembled on the
frame, and this can be entirely a hand operation.
When the fasteners, nested in the ends of the webbing,
are applied to the frame, they will securely hold the web
bing against all usual or even extraordinary loads but, at
The slot 6 extends for a substantial distance consistent 45 the same time, they may be easily removed usually by
with permitting a width of Webbing to be passed there
hand by applying direct lifting pressure to the base edge
through, as will appear.
of the fastener, only suf?cient force being needed- for it
Outwardly extending integral ears or prongs 10 are
longitudinally-extending elongated slot 6 disposed cen
trally thereof.
to snap the shoulder portions of the cars out of inter
provided at opposite ends of one of the sides of the body
locked engagement in the tubing slot.
4 and extend outwardly therefrom at sharp angles so asv 50
The fasteners are particularly light and small and in
to be aligned as to each other and to provide shoulders
expensive. They do not add bulk to the chair or other
11 for engagement with the front edge of a slot 16 in
piece of furniture. They are substantially concealed or
the tubing as will hereinafter appear, and said ears
out of sight and they are strong and durable. They pro
may be longitudinally ribbed, if desired, for stiffening
A plurality of teeth 12 spaced equidistantly extend out
wardly from the said one side of the body 4 between the
opposite ears 10 and 10.
The body 4 is curved transversely into an arcuate con
?guration so as to accommodate and closely approximate
the curvature of the tubular metal with which use is
contemplated so as to ?t closely against the tubing and
the cars 10 are somewhat turned back upon the main
55 vide a secure, concealed connection of the webbing with
the chair frame, and they can be both quickly and easily
snapped into position or be removed without use of spe
cial tools or exercise of any special care or skill.
I_ believe that an important aspect of my construction
which gives me the surprising locking results obtained
resides in the use of closed slots such as 6.
Apparently the effect of the closed slot is to grip and
deform the webbing longitudinally of the clip While
stretching the webbing latitudinally, that is, along the long
portion of the body so as to be more or less radially
edge of the ridge. This produces a peculiarly effective
disposed as shown in FIG. 2.
type of grip in that, even under stress far in excess of
A tubular member 14 such as of aluminum or the like
and forming part of a chair to which the clip 2 is to be
connected, will be provided with an elongated slot 16
suitable for receiving the ears 10 of said clip.
that normally encountered in use, the ?bers of the web
are compressed against the edges of the slot and provide
a locking effect by compression and indentation of the
The opposite tubular components of the frame struc 70 ?bers contiguous with the slot edges.
The effect of the above construction as described is
ture will, of course, be provided with corresponding
superior to other arrangements which have
slots, such as 16, which will be longitudinally spaced to
been tried and marketed and although no microscopic
provide the desired spacing of the interlaced webs which
are to extend between the components.
The webs are cut to that length necessary for spanning
examination has been made of the exact effect on the
webbing strap produced by my novel coaction of elon
gated ridges and slots, rigid tests under working condi
tions leave no room for doubt as to the peculiarly in
creased holding power of the arrangement. As stated
hereinabove, a very important advantage is obtained in
that I ‘am enabled to manufacture clips of aluminum
rather than the relatively heavy and expensive cadmium
plated steel, which was previously used.
cross section and including an elongated central slot hav
ing a length slightly in excess of ‘the width of the web
hing-strip and a pair of integral longitudinally-spaced ear
portions extending downwardly and inward-1y from the
relatively outboard longitudinal side edge of said head
portion and a sawtooth edge at the said outboard side
edge intermediate said ear portions of a length corre
The claims are desired to include Within the scope
sponding substantially to the width of the webbing strip,
thereof all of said suitable variations, modi?cations and
the Webbing strip being extended beneath said head por
equivalents by which substantially the results of the in 10 tion and through the elongated central slot thereof and
vention may be obtained ‘through the use of substantially
over said head portion and being folded over and im
the same or equivalent devices or means. Accordingly,
pinged upon said outboard side edge, the ear portions of
limitation hereof should only be made as determined by
said pair thereof and the end portion of the Webbing-strip
a proper interpretation of the prior art and the scope of
being insertable into the elongated slot in the wall of the
the subjoined claim, in which it is my intention to claim 15 frame member and into the interior of the frame mem
all novelty inherent herein as broadly as possible.
ber enabling said fastener to self-lock itself and thereby
I therefore particularly point out and distinctly claim
the webbing-strip to the frame member with said head
as my invention:
portion conforming to the outside curvature of the frame
In a tubular- rame furniture construction, a webbing
member adjacent the elongated slot and to secure itself
strip fastening assembly cooperant with a tubular frame 20 to the frame member with increasing force as the webbing
member having an elongated slot in its wall of a length
strip is tensioned.
in excess of the width of a webbing-strip‘ operative there
with and of a shape operatively to accept ears and an
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
overlying end portion of a Webbing-strip inserted therein
and comprising: a fastener operatively securing the web 25
bing-strip to the frame member and including, a rela
Bedford _____________ __ Jan. 15, 1952
tively stiff resilient clip having an elongated head portion
having a substantial arcuate con?guration in transverse
Thomas _____________ __ Oct. 21, 1958
Thomas _____________ __ Mar. 14, 1961
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