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Патент USA US3089631

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May 14, 1963
J. a. LlVlNGSTONE
3,089,621
FITMENT FOR POURING SPOUT
Filed Jan. 19, 1959
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
55
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83
1-5 a:
May 14, 1953
- J. G. LIVINGSTONE
3,089,621
FITMENT FOR POURING SPOUT
Filed Jan. 19, 1959
5 Sheets-Sheet 5
May 14, 1963
J. G. LIVINGSTONE
FITMENT FOR POURING SPOUT
Filed Jan. 19, 1959
F162
35
M
3,089,621
I
5 Sheets-Sheet 1
31,689,621
Patented May 14, 1963
2
FIG. 20 shows a horizontal section through the middle
of the ?tment shown in FIG. 19;
FIG. 21 is a plan view of a further modi?cation;
FIG. 22 shows a section through FIG. 21 on the line
3,089,621
FITMENT FOR PQUG SPOUT
Jay G. Livingstone, 715 W. Market St, Akron, Ohio
Filed Jan. 19, 1959, Sea‘. No. 787,724
11 Claims. ((31. ZZZ-4.43)
22—22;
FIG. 23 is a plan view of a modi?cation of the ?tment
shown in FIGS. 19—2l;
FIG. 24 shows a horizontal section through the middle
of the ?tment shown in FIG. 23;
This invention relates to ?tments for the pouring spout
of a container.
The invention pertains to different types of ?tment.
FIG. 25 is a plan view of a further modi?cation; and
FIG. 26 is a section on the line 26-46 of FIG. 25.
The ?tments are all made of polyethylene or other re
Another type of ?tment is to be used in connection with
silient plastic. The containers and closures are made of
a closure which is in threaded engagement with the pour
glass or any rigid or resilient plastic or sheet material
ing "outlet of the container. There is an opening through
the ?tment which includes a wiping element the wiping 15 such as paper or cloth treated with plastic and provided
with a rigid circular opening for the pouring of liquid, etc.
blade of which is in contact with the under side of the
One type of ?tment includes a central raised opening sur
rounded at some distance by a pouring lip.
The contact between the wiper blade and the
Paper, plastic or other liners may be provided in the top
closure cap is maintained only as the cap is screwed tight
of the closure cap to prevent contact of the contents. of the
container therewith. The disclosure refers to liquid on
the top of the inside of the closure cap, and it is imma
terial whether or not there is a liner there.
All of the various complete ?tments shown in the
drawings, except the ?tment shown in FIG. 15, are of the
snap-on type-that is, each is provided with a depending
25 ?ange with a projection on the inner surface thereof
which is adapted to ?t into a groove in the top of the
closure.
, on the container and at the start of its release therefrom.
Contact is usually maintained during no more than one
complete turn of the closure cap, and usually during only
slightly more than one-quarter or one-half turn.
The
purpose of bringing the wiper blade into contact with the
undersurface of the closure cap is to remove liquid from
the top inner ‘surface of the closure cap and thus pre
vent it from draining and dripping therefrom with re
sultant soiling of the container, the table cloth or other
surface on which it is located, etc.
This type of ?tment is designed particularly for use
on bottles containing thick liquids, such as catsup, salad
dressings, table syrups, medicinal syrup, etc. It is adapted
to remove such liquids from the top inner surface of the
closure as the closure cap is removed from the ?tment.
The liquid may be deposited on this surface of the clos
ure cap when the container is tipped or shaken.
The invention will be further described in connection
neck of a bottle or other container, as more fully dis-j
closed in FIGS. 1A to 1G and FIG. 3. All of the ?tments
may be constructed of this snap-on type. Alternatively,
all of the ?tments may be constructed as in FIG. 15 with
a substantially cylindrical downwardly projecting portion
adapted to ?t within the neck of a bottle. Allof the ?t
ments may be provided with closure caps which are
adapted to be screwed on to the neck of a bottle or other
container to which the ?tment is attached, so as to wipe
liquid adhering thereto as the closure cap is unscrewed
therefrom.
with the accompanying drawings, in which—
FIGS. 1A, 1B and 10 together constitute an exploded
All of the ?tments (except possibly FIG. 1) are
equipped with wiping means which is adapted to clean
the top inner surface of a closure applied thereover, and
diametrical sectional view of a bottle, a ?tment adapted
to snap on to the mouth of the bottle and a cap adapted
to be screwed on to the bottleo ver the ?tment;
FIG. 2 is a plan view of a ?tment which may be the
?tment of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 shows a section through the same with the ?t
ment snapped on to the mouth of a bottle .and the cap
screwed down on to it;
FIG. 4 shows a section through a modi?ed form of
snap-on ?tment;
FIG. 5 is a plan view of an opening through such a
?tment;
6 shows a section on the line 6—6 of FIG. 5;
7 is a plan view of a modi?ed opening;
8 shows a section on the line 8—3 of FIG. 7;
9 is a plan view of a modi?ed type of equipment;
10 shows a section through the middle of FIG. ‘9; 5
11 is a plan view of a still different type of ?t
IFIG.
FIG.
FIG.
FIG.
FIG.
FIG.
ment;
-
FIG. 12 shows a section through the middle of the same;
FIG. 13 is a plan view illustrating a different type of
FIG. 14 shows a section through the middle of the
.
.
FIG. 15 shows a section through the middle of a some
what different type of equipment with the same plan View
as illustrated in FIG. 13;
FIG. 16 is a plan view of a modi?cation of the ?tment
shown in FIGS. 11 and 12;
FIG. 17 is a plan view of a modi?cation of the ?tment
shown in FIG. 16;
vided with a sharp outwardly directed pouring lip 11.
This pouring lip and the wall 12 to which it is attached
are depressibly united to the body 13 of the ?tment which,
in turn, is provided with the sharp pouring lip 14. The
?tment is formed of a ?exible plastic, preferably by injec
tion molding.
wiper from that shown in FIG. 9;
same;
for this purpose the top wiping edge of the ?tment is re
siliently held on the top of the container so that the clo
sure can be screwed into and out of wiping relation there
with.
5
FIGURES 1A, 1B and 1C show a bottleneck 1 provided
with threads 2 and an indentation 3 for a snap-on type of
?tment. The ?tment of FIG. 1B is provided with'a de
pending skirt 5 which protrudes inwardly at 6 to a location
not beyond the root diameter of the threads on the neck,
with a projection adapted to ?t into the indentation 3 in
the top of the bottleneck. When applied to the bottle, the
annular tongue 8 forms sealing contact with the top an
nular edge 9 of the bottleneck. There is an opening
through the ?tment at 10. The surrounding wall is pro
When the cap 16 is screwed on to the
bottleneck, the top inner surface 17, which is ?at, ?rst
contacts the lip 14 of the ?tment. As the cap is tightened
on to the bottleneck, lip 14 is depressed until the lip 11 is
brought into sealing contact with the inner surface 17 of
65 the cap. If the opening 10 is circular the lip 11 will wipe
only a narrow band of the inner surface ‘17 as the cap is
screwed into contact with the lip 11 and depresses it.
However, if the opening 10‘ is not circular but, for exam
ple, is oblong or triangular or star-shaped, or of any other
FIG. 18 shows a section on the line 18-18 of ‘FIG. 17; 70 shape which provides raised lip portions 11 which are
not radial with respect to the center of the bottleneck,
FIG. 19 is a plan view of a modi?ed form of equip
when the cap is screwed down tight on the bottle or when
ment;
3,089,621
A
The elongated opening may be of the type shown in
3
it is unscrewed from tight contact therewith the lip 11
wipes an area on the inside surface of the cap which is
FIG. 5 surrounded by the wall 35.
wider than the surface of the lip 11.
tion on the line 6—6 and shows the wall rising above the
portion of the ?tment which surrounds the opening. The
top of the wall may be above or below any surrounding
pouring lip, although FIG. 6 does not indicate the nature
This removes any
liquid adhering to this portion of the surface 17. The
cap 16 is shown and described as having a flat top, but it
may be dome shaped, etc.
The threads 2 are engaged by the threads 19 on the
inner surface of the cap.
FIGURE 6 is a sec
of the ?tment surrounding the opening. This is illustrated
in FIG. 4 in which the wall 35 is shown below the ?at
The relation of the threads to
the top of the ?tment and the inner surface of the top of
surface 36 of the pouring lip. This particular ?tment is
the cap is such that the lip 11 contacts the inner surface 10 of the snap-on type. Any ?tment with such an opening
17 about one-quarter turn before the‘ cap is screwed to
is designed for dispensing either drops or a stream, and
the bottom of the threads on the bottleneck. Thus, for
the wall 35 wipes a greater area of the cap surface, near
instance, if the bottle contains catsup, or an oil dressing,
its center.
or a medicinal substance which must be shaken up before
FIGURE 7 illustrates a different type of elongated
use, the lip 11 wipes an area of the top inner surface of 15 opening which is surrounded by the wall 40. The open
the cap 17 clean as the cap is unscrewed from the bottle.
ing is pointed at each end 41 and is widened at the middle
It is not necessary that the surface 11 wipe the entire inner
42. It is designed to pour either drops or a stream, and
surface of the top to remove all of the contents of the
to wipe the cap surface. The walls 40 may be perfectly
bottle adhering thereto, but can be designed to accom
straight and omit the widened portion 42.
plish this. It is only necessary that it remove the mini
FIGURE 8 is a section through the opening and shows
mum amount which will prevent the probability of subse
the wall 40 which in the modi?cation shown has a uni
quent dripping 0f the liquid from the cap, or drainage of
form top ‘level but the portions of the ?tment on both sides
the liquid to the threads which would produce a mussy
of the opening are at different levels.
condition.
FIGS. 9 and 10 show a ?tment 45 of the snap-on type
In FIGURE 18 (as also in FIGURES 12, 22, 24 and
with ‘a circular opening 46. The top of the ?tment is
26) a’crowned or ?exing section 18 is provided between
?anged outwardly and terminates in a pouring lip 47.
the wall 12 which surrounds the opening 10, and the pour
Crossed wiper bars 48 and 49 extend across the opening
ing lip 14. This permits depression of the wall 12 a very
‘and meet at its center. As indicated in FIG. 10, the cross
substantial distance without distortion of the pouring
bars may be in the shape of an inverted V. These bars
lip 11.
30 are rounded upwardly at the center to apply pressure to
In FIG. 1B the pouring lip 11 is below the outer pour
ing lip 14, and need be depressed only a short distance
in wiping contact with the closure cap, compared with
the greater distance the pouring outlet must be depressed
when it extends above the outer pouring lip, as in FIGS.
12, 20, 22, 24 and 26.
the cap as it is unscrewed from the vneck of a bottle. The
cap is preferably screwed down until the entire top of the
?tment is ?attened out so that the pouring lip 47 is pressed
into the same plane as the tops of the bars 48 and 49.
This ?tment provides contact with the inner surface of
the cap as it is unscrewed, and preferably the contact is
maintained for slightly over one-quarter turn so that the
entire top surface of the cap is wiped free of adhering
FIGURES 2-3 illustrate an embodiment in which the
tmeut 20' is snapped on to the bottleneck 21 and the cap
liquid. Since the cross bars 48 ‘and 49 are rounded up
22 is screwed down onto the bottleneck.
A plan view of the opening 24 in the ?tment is shown 40 wardly, the contact is more efficiently made at the center
of the cap, ‘and this may ‘be wiped cleaner than the edges.
in FIG. 2. The circle 25 indicates the inside diameter
In 1a modi?cation of the ?tment of FIGS. 9 and 10, a
of the bottleneck. The opening is surrounded by a ?ange
single cross bar, or more than two cross bars are used,
or wall' 26 of uniform height. The top 27 of this wall
and these cross ‘bars are in contact with the surface of the
may be above or below the annular surface 28 of the ?t
ment which terminates outwardly in the pointed pouring 45 cap long enough to wipe it clean.
lip 29. The surface 27 may be above or below, or on
the same level as the surface 28 when the cap is removed.
FIGURES 11 and 12 show -a modi?ed form of ?tment
with an elongated opening. The wall 55 which surrounds
It is important that in unscrewing the cap from the bottle,
the opening 56 is pointed at both ends and in the middle
the cap make at least a 180-deg‘ree turn with the surface
of the sides, and the cross bar 57 connects the two side
27 in contact with the inside surface 30 of the cap. Thus, 50 walls at the middle of the ?tment providing wiping action
any liquid adhering to the inside surface of the cap, except
for the entire inner surface of the cap. The top 59 of
that on a small area at the center of the cap, will be
the wall 55 may be elevated somewhat above the surround~
removed by the contact of the top surface 27 of the wall
ing pouring lip 61 as illustrated in FIG. 2. The ?tment
26 as the cap is unscrewed. The liquid thus removed
is ?exible and the elevated wall and cross bar contact the
collects in the opening 24 or in the trough 32 which sur 55 top inner surface of the cap and are depressed before
rounds the pouring opening outside of the wall 26. If it
the cap makes contact with the iOlltCl‘ wall 61 as the cap
collects in the trough it is poured over the pouring lip 29
is seated on the bottle. The sunken area of the ?tment
when the combination of the ?tment and bottle are tipped
between the central opening and the outer pouring lip 61
for pouring with the cap removed. A small circle at the
is slit along the arcs 62 and the radial lines 63. These slits
top of the cap de?ned by the open area 33 as it is revolved 60 may be vertical or bevelled. When the central opening
is not wiped by the ?tment. This is not odjectionable in
is depressed (as when the cap is screwed on the bottle)
most instances if the remaining surface of the cap is
these slits open and any liquid which has collected in this
wiped free of adhering liquid.
area (as by running down the outer surface of the wall 55
The advantage in the elongated opening shown in FIG.
on cessation of pouring) is returned to the container.
2 is that when the bottle is tipped for pouring with the 65
FIGURE 16 shows a modification in which the cross
elongated opening 24 substantially vertical, as illustrated
in FIG. 2, a narrow constant stream of the contents of the
opening is poured through the opening. If, on the other
hand, the bottle is turned through 90 degrees and the con
tents of the bottle are poured through a horizontal open 70
bar 65 extends diagonally across the central portion of
the opening. Any such cross bar wipes the center of the
cap surface clean.
removed from the bottle, so that the contents of the bottle
FIGURES 17-18 are a further modi?cation in which
a cross bar 70 extends the entire distance from the pouring
lip 71 at one side of the ?tment to the other. The open
merely drip through the opening when the bottle is held
in this position. Such an opening is particularly adapted
shows that the bottom of the wall need not be at the same
ing, the opening does not easily admit air to replace liquid
for use on bottles of meat sauces, etc.
ing 72 is surrounded by the wall 73, and FIGURE 18
75 level on both sides of the opening, although the top of
3,089,621
the wall is preferably at the same height on both sides of
the opening.
FIGURE 13 is a plan view of a ?tment which is a
somewhat modi?ed construction of the ?tment shown in
FIGS. 9 and 10. The cross bar 80 extends from one side
of the ?tment to the other. It might be cut through at
its center. The cross bars 81 and 82 which are perpendic
ular to the cross bar 80 do not extend to the middle of
the opening, but extend only about one-quarter of the way
6
What I claim is:
1. A vessel with a depressible outlet portion provided
with an opening therethrough and a screw thread on the
vessel, a closure cap over the outlet portion with an
internal thread on the skirt of the cap which is engaged
with said thread on the vessel, the cap being screwed
tight on the vessel by means of interengagement of said
screw threads whereby the outlet portion is depressed
by the pressure of the cap against it, and wiper means
across the opening. As a cap is unscrewed from a bottle 10 at the top of the outlet portion pressing against the under
surface of the cap which wiper means. extends substan
provided with such a ?tment, the cross bars wipe the
tially the entire distance from the center to the periphery
entire inside top surface of the cap.
of the outlet and is adapted to wipe substantially the entire
The cross bars '80, 81 and 82 may be relatively shallow
as illustrated in FIG. 14. They may be provided with a
snap-on skirt ‘83 or other means for attaching them to a 15
bottle.
Instead of a snap-on skint 83, the ?tment may
be provided with a depending ?ange ‘85 (FIG. 15) which
inner surface of the cap as it is unscrewed from the vessel.
2. A vessel with a depressible outlet portion provided
with an opening therethrough and a screw thread on the
vessel, a closure cap over the outlet portion with an
internal thread on the skirt of the ‘cap which is engaged
?ts down inside the bottleneck.
with said thread on the vessel, the cap being screwed
FIGURES 19 and 20 show a further modi?cation in
tight on the vessel by means of interengagement of said
which the opening 90 in the ?tment has three wiper blades
screw threads whereby the outlet portion is depressed
91 extending into it from the body 92 of the ?tment.
by the pressure of the cap against it, and substantially
- The body is surrounded by the pouring lip 93. These wip
straight wiper means at the top of the outlet portion which
ing bars are adapted to wipe the entire central portion of
extends across most of the distance between the wall of
the top inner surface of the cap, except for the very cen
ter. The wiper bars may be extended to the pouring lip 25 the opening and the center thereof whereby the Wiper
wipes substantially the entire inner surface of the cap as
93 as illustrated, for example, in FIGS. 9 and 10, if de
it contacts the inner surface of the cap as the cap is
sired.
FIGURES 21 and 22 show a modi?cation of the prior
unscrewed and the outlet portion is progressively less de
?tment designs provided with an elongated opening adapt
pressed.
ed for the pouring of either a stream or drops. The walls 30
3. A vessel with a depressible outlet portion provided
100 and 101 which extend from the pouring lip 103 on
with an opening therethrough and a screw thread on the
one side of the ‘bottle to the other are of the same height,
vessel, a closure cap over the outlet portion with an
as are the interior ?anges 104 and 105, and the outer
internal thread on the skirt of the Leap which is engaged
?anges 106 and 107. This ?tment is designed to wipe
with said thread on the vessel, the cap being screwed
substantially the entire inside top surface of the cap when 35 tight on the vessel by means of interengagement of said
the cap is unscrewed only slightly more than 90 degrees.
screw threads whereby the outlet portion is depressed
The ?tment of FIGS. 23 and 24 is provided with the
by the pressure of the cap against it, and 1a plurality of
central depressible outlet wall 110 and the outwardly
spaced wiper means at the top of the outlet portion, each
tapered pouring lip 111. When the ?tment is. applied to
of said wiper means being non-concentric with respect to
a bottle and a cap is screwed down tight upon it, pressure 40 the cap and being adapted to wipe substantially the entire
on the wall 110 depresses the central portion of the ?tment
more than the interior. FIG. 24 shows the depressed
condition of the ?tment in dotted lines. The two outer
edges of the four triangles 112 are out, so that these are
lips attached to the wall 110 at the edges 113. When the 45
outlet is depressed these lips extend downwardly below
the connecting intermediate web area 113 which supports
the wall 110 from the body portion of the ?tment which
terminates upwardly in the lip 111. The triangular wiper
?anges 115 extend outwardly from the wall 110 and con
nect at their bottoms with the web 113, preferably so as
to slant their tops against the ‘approaching cap surface as
inner surface of the cap as it is unscrewed from the vessel
and the outlet is thereby progressively less depressed.
4. A vessel with a depressible outlet portion with an
appreciably elongated opening therethrough and a screw
thread on the vessel, a closure cap over the outlet portion
with an internal thread on the skirt of the cap which is
engaged with said thread on the vessel, the cap being
screwed tight on the vessel by means of interengagement
of said screw threads whereby the outlet portion is de
pressed by the pressure of the cap against it and a wiper
‘blade on the ?tment in wiping contact with the underside
of the closure cap and adapted to wipe an area on the
underside of the closure cap larger than the area of said
opening when the closure cap is unscrewed in removal
top inner surface of the cap as it is unscrewed. While 55 from the vessel.
they are in wiping ‘contact with the cap the lips 112 are
5. A vessel with a depressible outlet portion provided
depressed providing openings in the web area 113 through
with an opening therethrough and a screw thread on the
which the removed liquid drains. As the cap is unscrewed
vessel, a closure cap over the outlet portion and an
the lips 112 ?t into the areas 113. The edges of the un
internal thread on the skirt of the cap which is engaged
dersides of the openings and the top sides of the lips are 60 with said thread on the vessel, the area of the outlet por
preferably beveled to form a tight ?t. After the cap
tion bordering the opening being raised, a bar across the
the cap is unscrewed (as shown in FIG. 23). This gives
them a certain regidi-ty so that they effectively wipe the
has been removed and the bottle is tipped for pouring,
opening with its top at substantally the same height as
the pressure of the bottle contents against the under side
said raised area, the cap being screwed tight on the vessel
of the lips presses them into tight sealing contact with
by means of intereng-agement of said screw threads where
the web area so that no liquid leaks through here.
65 by said bar and raised area are depressed by the pressure
The ?tment of FIGS. 25 and 26 is provided with a
of the cap against them whereby they wipe the under-,
central raised opening 120 and an outer pouring lip 121.
surface of the cap as the cap is unscrewed and the outlet
Flanges 123 are provided on the wall of the pouring lip
portion is progressively less depressed.
which slant toward the approaching top surface of the
6. A vessel with an outlet and a closure cap rotatably
cap as it is unscrewed. They wipe wide areas of the cap 70
‘and removably fastened over the outlet, with a depressible
surface, reducing the amount of liquid adhering thereto
?tment over the outlet with its top surface in contact
to an amount that is not objectionable.
with the top inner surface of the cap when the cap is
The various drawings and description are illustrative.
fastened tight on the vessel, at least one wiper blade in
Modi?cations can be made within the scope of the follow
ing claims which de?ne the invention.
75 the top of the ?tment in wiping relation with the under
3,089,621
7
side of the closure cap, which blade extends substantially
radially for the major portion of the distance from near
10. In the combination of a vessel and a ?exible ?t
ment attached thereto, an elongated raised area on the
?tment extending substantially the whole distance across
the center of the outlet to the outer edge of the ?tment.
7. A vessel with an‘ outlet portion provided with an
the'?tment, and a cover over the ?tment, the ?tment hav
opening therethrough and a screw thread on the vessel, CI ing a pouring outlet thercthrough surrounded by an an
a closure cap over the outlet portion and an internal
nular pouring lip spaced therefrom, the improvement in
thread on the skirt of the cap which is engaged with said
which the top of the pouring outlet is above the pouring
thread on the vessel, the cap being screwed tight on the
vessel by means of interengagement of said screw threads
lip and said raised portion of the ?tment is in contact
and a depressible elongated raised area in the outlet por 10
tion which extends between positions adjacent opposite
11. A container with a generally cylindrical pouring
mouth, threads on the outside of the container, a gen
edges of the outlet portion and surrounds the opening,
erally cylindrical ?tment composed of a relatively thin
with the under surface of said cover.
wall with a cylindrical opening therethrough and a pour
which raised area is decompressed and wipes the underside
of the cap as the cap is screwed off of the vessel.
ing lip at’ the outer edge of the ?tment, and a closure
8. A vessel with a depressible outlet portion provided 15 threaded on to said threads and having a ‘generally cir
with an opening therethrough, a continuous raised area
cular top, the ?tment including a wiper element in the
around the opening, and a screw thread on the vessel, a
closure cap over the outlet portion ‘and an internal
thread on the skirt of the cap which is engaged with
said thread on the vessel, the cap being screwed tight on
the vessel by means of interengagement of said screw
threads whereby the raised area is depressed by the pres
sure of the cap against it, with said raised area extending
substantially the entire distance from a position adjacent
one edge of the outlet portion to a position adjacent the
opposite edge of the outlet portion and being in contact
with the inner surface of the cap and serving to wipe it
as the cap is unscrewed and the outlet portion is progres
siveiy decompressed.
9. The combination of claim 8 in which the outlet por 30
tion above the thread on the vessel is'a distinct element
from the rest of the vessel and is composed of resilient
plastic.
opening which extends substantial-1y radially of the ?t
ment with the wiper edge of said element in contact with
the under surface of the closure.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
903,399
1,083,320
2,038,057
2,111,186
Nixon et al ___________ .. Nov. 10,
Daly ________________ __ Jan. 6,
Peters ______________ __ Apr. 21,
Jenlzs ______________ __ Mar. 15,
1908
1914
1936
1938
2,630,944
Wheaton ____________ “Mar. 10, 1953
2,690,861
2,785,841
Tripper _______________ W Oct. 5, 1954
Westgate ____________ -_ Mar. 19, 1957
2,830,739
Moye _______________ __ Apr. 15, 1958
2,889,967
Drennan _____________ __ June 9, 1959
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