close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US3090399

код для вставки
May 21, 1963
G. 'ECKMAN
3,090,3893
HAIR ROLLER AND CLIP ASSEMBLY
Filed April 12, 1961
G’GRDOA/ ?é‘KMA/f,
1N VENTOR.
BY Wm
ice
Patented May 21, 1963
2
3,090,389
Gordon Eckman, Pico-Rivera, Calif., assignor, by mesne
assignments, to Reiner Industries, lino, Los Angeles,
HAIR ROLLER AND CLW ASSEMBLY
Such shapes are prone to slip from the hands of the users
because the devices are used with wet hair and water or
with still more slippery hair Waving lotions.
The present invention obviates the above-mentioned
di?iculties and provides pin curl clips‘ of shape and size
Caiiii, a corporation of California
adapted to perform the usual function 'of such devices in
Fiied Apr. 12, 1961, Ser. No. 102,608
6 ?iaims. (Cl. 132-41)
setting ?at curls and which are also particularly adapted
to being used with hair rollers, since they can be pushed
This invention relates to clamps of a type known as
over such hair rollers through the entire lengths of the
“pin curl clips" and more particularly to such clip-s as 10 clips and since they are so shaped as to provide positive
adapted for use with hair rollers.
?nger gripping means under slippery conditions as well as
Pin curl clips, which are best generally described as
to resiliently conform to a hair roller and a tress of hair
pivoted clamp members, have long been used as an in
wound thereon.
strumentality to hold the hair in flat curls, in the setting
It is, therefore, an object of the present invention to pro
of women’s hair. Another major type of clamp used for 15 vide novel pin curl clip means which are equally effective
this purpose is the so-called “bobby pin” type, which may
for use, either in holding a flat curl or in retaining a hair
best be generally described as a single piece of resilient ma
terial bent back upon itself so that two legs are formed,
the legs being urged together \by their own resilience and
by the resilience of the connecting bight portion.
Such clamps, of both bobby pin and pin curl clip type,
are also utilized to hold other hair dressing ‘devices, such
as hair rollers, in the hair; and recent developments in
hairdressing techniques have resulted in a greatly in
roller in the hair.
-
A further object of the present invention is to provide a
[pivoted pin curl clip construction in vwhich it is possible
to insert a hair roller wall into the entire length of the
clip; i.e., to the extreme end of the handles of the clip.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a
hair roller pin curl clip combination wherein the pin curl
clip handles do not extend beyond the end of the hair
creased use of hair rollers to form curls and in a cor 25 roller in the assembled relationship of the parts.
respondingly increased use of pin curl clips and hobby pin
Yet another object of the present invention is to pro
type clamps to hold such hair rollers in position.
vide a pin curl clip construction of a type wherein it is
Hair rollers of the class here under discussion generally
possible to insert a hair roller wall into the entire length
comprise a hollow cylindrical member which may or may
of the handles of the clip and which is characterized in
not be perforated. In use, a tress of hair is dampened 30 that the handles are ‘of a con?guration ‘and construction
with water or lotion and wrapped around the roller, from
to provide positive gripping so that such clips can be used
the free end of the tress to the scalp. In order to prevent
with water and with slippery hair Waving lotions.
unraveling or unrolling, the roller is fastened to the tress,
These and other objects and the attendant advantages
at or adjacent the scalp, by a clamp of some kind, usually
will become apparent and be more ‘fully understood from
a bobby pin or a pin curl clip.
35 the following detailed description, when read in conjunc
Prior to the present invention, no fully satisfactory hair
tion with the appended drawings, wherein like reference
clamping device has been available for this purpose; i.e.,
numerals have been applied to like parts throughout, and
securement of hair rollers in the hair. The bobby pin
wherein:
type has been unsatisfactory because the legs can be held
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a pin curl clip ac
‘apart for insertion over the roller and the hair only by 40 cording to the present invention;
gripping the sides of the legs, and such grip must be re
FIGURE 2 is a sectional view of the pin curl clip of
leased after only a slight initial insertion of the roller into
FIGURE 1, taken along the line 2-2 of that ?gure;
the clip jaws. Subsequent pushing of the bobby pin upon
FIGURE 3 is an exploded perspective view of the pin
the roller often causes the tress to be pushed off or
curl clip of FIGURES 1 and 2, showing the clamp parts
gathered. ‘Moreover, bobby pin usage for this purpose 45 disassembled from ‘one another;
often results in scraping or scratching the scalp. The pin
FIGURE 4 is a perspective view of a pin curl clip such
curl clip type has been less than ideally satisfactory for
as is shown in FIGURES l, 2 and 3, positioned upon a
purposes of anchoring hair rollers for the reason that the
handles of such clamps must necessarily extend beyond
the ends of the rollers to which they ‘are attached, since
the rollers cannot pass the pivotal connections of the
hair roller and a tress of hair; and
FIGURE 5 is a perspective view of a modi?ed form of
pin curl clip according to the present invention.
Referring now to the drawings, FIGURES 1 to 3 illus
trate one example of a pin curl clip according to the
present invention, and FIGURE 4 illustrates the combina
to one another so that beauty operators or home users
tion of such a hair clip with a hair roller, as in normal
55
are compelled to space the rollers from one another.
use. The pin curl clip comprises two superposed elon
An apparent solution to the above-stated problems, in
gated members, generally designated by the reference nu
the use of pin curl clips to hold hair rollers in place,
merals 10 and 12 respectively, and which are pivotally re
would be to use known types of clamps or clasps wherein
lated to one another and ‘spring biased toward a closed or
one of the clamp members is so arranged as to permit
clamping position as shown. For purposes of distin~
insertion of an article into the entire length of the clamp.
guishing the two elements in the ensuing discussion, the
This is accomplished in tie-Clasps and in other clothing
member 10 will be designated the ?rst member and the
and jewelry clips, for example, by forming one of the
member 12 the second member.
clamp members of a piece of rigid material which is bent
The ?rst member 10 comprises an elongated length of
back upon itself to form a long and a short leg separated
material
which is bent back upon itself to form 'a short
by a bight portion and by pivotally mounting a second 65 arm or pivot base 14 and a long arm or clamping portion
clamp member on the short leg, whereby an article to be
16, which are separated by an end wall 18 so that a bight
clamped may be inserted into the bight portion of the ?rst
area 19 is formed by the connection of the arms 14 and
mentioned clamp member and grasped by said member
16 with end Wall 18.
and the second member. However, such constructions 70
It is an important feature of the present invention that
are not, per se, suitable for use with hair rollers because
the juncture of the arm 16 with end wall '18 forms an
‘clamps. This protrusion of the handles makes it either
di?‘icult or impossible to place rollers in close proximity
of the ?at shape and rigidity of the clamp members.
angle ‘of substantially less than 90* degrees, since the pro
»
3,090,3s9
4
vision of an acute angle between arm 16 and end wall 18
forms a point 20 and an upwardly slanted ?nger grip
pontion .21 which cooperate with one another to provide
a positive ?nger grip and to inhibit slippage. As a sec
v0nd means to inhibit slipping, the long arm or clamp jaw
and to thus lessen the danger of exceeding the elastic
limit of the spring tongue and adversely aifecting its op
erativeness. Release of the handle portion 34 and the
grip portion 21 allows the clamp to resume its closed
position.
.
Obviously, pin curl clips, as above described, may be
15 is provided with an aperture 22, which extends to the
?nger ‘grip portion 21 to provide an edge, as at 24, so that
used for clamping ?at curls, in the manner of prior art
the soft ?esh of the ?nger of the user may enter into the
pin curl clips. They are also particularly adapted, as
previously discussed, for combination with hair roller
aperture and engage the edge 24 to provide a positive
gripping relationship.
In the generic sense, the present invention relates to
‘clamps having a clamp member of structure such as de
scribed above and any means to effect a spring biased
pivoted connection of a second clamp member with the
short arm without blocking entry to bight area 19 of
a flat article to be clamped. The drawings are illustrative
of several possible and preferred arrangements. ‘In the
arrangement of FIGURES 1 to 4, the short arm 14 of
?rst member 18 has an integral spring tongue 26 extend
ing longitudinally toward and beyond the free end there
of. Spring tongue 26 is located on the longitudinal cen
10 devices. In this usage, a tress of hair T is usually wound
on a roller H and secured close to the scalp, by some
attachment means. FIGURE 4 illustrates the combina
tion of the pin curl clip of FIGURES l to 3 with a hair
roller in such a usage, it being an important feature of
this invention that the roller wall can he slipped entirely
into the bight area 19 and into abutment with the wall 18,
in an arrangement which provides positive gripping by
virtue of the acute angle ‘forming the point 20 and the
edge 24 provided by the aperture 22.
speci?c con?guration, but is preferably elongated and
FIGURE 5 illustrates another example of a pin curl
clip according to the present invention, and wherein the
construction and mode of operation are generally similar
to that of the pin curl clip of FIGURES 1 to 3. The
FIGURE 5 embodiment comprises clamp members 10a
and 12a which diifer signi?cantly from the FIGURES 1
to 3 embodiment only in that the opening for auxiliary
?nger grip purposes, in the ?nger grip area 21, takes the
form of a simple circular opening 22a and in that the
spring arrangement is different. Referring now to FIG
URE 5, it may be seen that the spring arrangement there
may be provided with ventilation slots 33, if desired.
in iilustrated comprises a short resilient tongue 26a ex
ter line of the short arm 14 and struck up from the ma
terial thereof, thus providing also a pair of laterally spaced
longitudinal extensions 28. Each extension 28 has a
spur 31} formed on the end thereof and bent upwardly
therefrom.
Second clamp member 12 comprises a handle portion
34 which is angularly related to a clamping portion 32,
as shown. Clamping portion 32 may take any desired
The handle portion 34 has an opening 36 to accom
tending centrally from the short arm 14 of ?rst clamp
modate spring tongue 26 when the two clamp members
member 10a (instead of the longer bowed spring tongue
are assembled.
26 of FIGURES l to 3) and a spring tongue 44 formed
on the second clamp member 12a, said spring tongue 44
is of how form and has its root in the handle 34 and
a free end extending beyond the pivot area de?ned by
spurs and sockets 3d and 38. Resilient tongue 26a prefer
ably has a relatively straight edge, as at '50, and spring
A pair of apertures or sockets 38 are
provided in the area of juncture of the angularly related
handle portion 34 and clamping portion 32 of the mem
ber 12 and are of a size and spacing to receive the spurs
30 on the ?rst member 10. If desired, clamping portion
32 may be provided with a protuberance 40 adjacent the
handle end thereof, formed by lancing a strap from the
material of clamping portion 32 and pushing it upwardly,
for purposes to be later described.
tongue 44 has a ?ange at its end, as at 46, which forms
a hook engaging the edge 59, as shown, to hold the clip
in assembled condition and to bias the'clamping portions
to closed position. Operation and function of the FIG
Olamp members 10 and 12, shown disassembled in
URE 5 modi?cation is the same as that described in con—
FIGURE 3, are assembledby placing the second mem
junction with FIGURES 1 to 4, the essential operating
ber 12 over the ?rst member 10' and inserting the free
end of spring tongue 26 in the opening 36. The parts are 45 distinction between the two modi?cations being that the
operating characteristics of the springs differ.
then moved relative to one another to cause spring tongue
From the above it may be seen that the present in
26 to move through opening 36 for such distance as is
vention provides novel pin curl clip constructions which
are capable of performing not only the usual function
38 to complete the assembly operation. It should be
noted, in this speci?c illustrative example, that the end 50 of such constructions, i.e., the clamping of flat curls of
hair, but also the function of clamping hair roller de
of spring tongue 26 is turned upwardly to provide a
vices in the hair in a manner to obviate slippage from
rounded bearing surface 42 for reducing the frictional
the user’s hand and to be substantially completely Within
engagement of the spring tongue with the protuberance
the longitudinal extent of the hair roller when installed.
40. In the assembled construction described, the engage
Obviously the present invention may take many forms
merit of spurs 36 within the sockets 38 prevents lateral
other than the speci?c illustrative modi?cations shown in
and longitudinal shifting of the clamp members 10 and
necessary to cause the spurs 30 to enter into the sockets
12 relative to one another.
The direction of pressure
exerted by the spring tongue 26 is such as to retain the
spurs within the sockets to prevent disassembly of the
parts as well asto continually bias the clamping portions
16 and 32 toward the closed or clamping position.
‘ In operation, the above-described pincurl clamp is
the drawing. For example, the speci?c length and plan
view con?guration of the clamping portions and handles,
and the presence or absence of ventilating slots therein
are purely matters of design and choice. Similarly, any
spring and hinge connection might be used provided the
bight portion 19 of the ?rst clamp member were left un
operated by placement of the ?ngers on the outwardly
directed surfaces of handle portion 34 of clamp member
12 and on the ?nger grip portion of clamp member 10
and pressing the ?ngers together to cause relative pivotal
obstructed. Thus, as examples, the hinge arrangement
might include bearings upstanding from the short arm 14
and either pins on the second clamp member extending
into such hearings or a hinge pin extending through bear
movement of the parts about spurs 30 and sockets 38 to
move the clamping portions 16 and 32 to open position
either case, a separate coil or ?at spring could be asso
ings in both the member 10 and the member 12.
In
as shown in dotted lines in FIGURE 2., it may be seen
ciated with either the hinge or the handles, all such struc
tures being old and well known in the pin curl clip art
and in the clamp art generally.
that the rounded end 42 of the spring tongue rides up
‘ Accordingly, it is to be understood that the present
against the bias of spring tongue 26. In this movement,
wardly (toward the left, relatively) on protuberance 40
invention is not intended to be limited by the speci?c
and over the edge of the protuberance to lessen the amount
exemplary modi?cations illustrated in the drawings but
of distortion of spring tongue 26 in the full open position 75 rather by the scope of the appended claims.
5
3,090,389
6
What is claimed is:
l. A clamp comprising ?rst and second elongated
members, said ?rst member comprising a short end wall
having a pair of integral arms extending outwardly in
the same direction from opposite edges thereof to pro
portion adjacent said end wall and a clamping portion,
said second member comprising a clamping jaw and an
integral handle angularly related to said clamping jaw,
means pivotally supporting said second member on the
short arm of said ?rst member with said clamping jaw
superposed over the clamping portion of said ?rst mem
vide a bight area between said arms and adjacent said
end wall, one of said arms being relatively short, the
ber and with said handle overlying and angularly related
other of said arms being of greater length than said rela
to said ?nger grip portion, the edge of the wall of said
tively short arm and providing a ?nger grip portion ad
hair roller being received in said bight and abutting against
jacent said end wall and a clamping portion, said second 10 said end wall, and spring means constantly urging the
member comprising a clamping jaw and an integral
clamping jaw and the clamping portion towards one an
handle angularly related to said clamping jaw, means
other in clamping relationship, said ?nger grip portion
pivotally supporting said second member on the short
being at an angle of less than 90 degrees relative to said
arm of said ?rst member with said clamping jaw super
end wall to provide an acute angle corner at the junc
posed over the clamping portion of said ?rst member 15 ture of said end wall and said ?nger grip portion whereby
and with said handle overlying and angularly related to
to inhibit slippage from the ?ngers of a user.
said ?nger grip portion, and spring means constantly
6. In a clamp of the type comprising ?rst and second
urging the clamping jaw and the clamping portion to
wards one another in clamping relationship, said ?nger
grip portion being at an angle of less than 90 degrees
superposed elongated members having superposed clamp
ing portions and superposed angularly related ?nger grip
relative to said end wall to provide an acute angle corner
to one another along a transverse line between said ?nger
portions; wherein said members are pivotally attached
at the juncture of said end wall and said ?nger grip por
tion whereby to inhibit slippage from the ?ngers of a
grip portions and said clamping portions whereby move
ment of said ?nger grip portions toward one another
user.
and apart tend to separate said clamping portions and
2. A clamp according to claim 1, wherein said means 25 return the-m to closed clamping position; and wherein
supporting said second member on the short arm of
said ?rst member are disposed entirely on the surface
spring means are provided to cooperate with said mem
bers to normally bias the clamping portions to said
thereof remote from the ?nger grip portion of said ?rst
closed clamping position; the improvement consisting
member whereby said bight area is unobstructed and an
in that one of said members is in the ‘form of an elongated
object to be clamped may be inserted into the clamp in 30 piece of metal bent upwardly to form an end wall and
abutment with said end wall.
then back upon itself to ‘form a pair of arms extending
3. A clamp according to claim 1, further characterized
in the same direction from said end wall to provide a
in that said ?nger grip portion has a cut-out portion ad
bight between said arms, one of said arms being rela
jacent said end wall, whereby to provide an edge to posi
tively shorter than the other, the pivotal attachment of
tively engage the ?nger of the user to further inhibit 35 the other member being on the said shorter arm and en
slippage.
tirely on the side thereof remote from the longer arm,
4. A clamp according to claim 1, wherein the acute
whereby a flat article to be clamped may be inserted be~
angle corner at the juncture of said end wall and said
yond
said pivotal attachment, and into said bight, the
?nger grip portion is an angle of between 60 and 85
juncture of said longer arm with said end wall forming an
degrees.
angle of less than 90* degrees to form an acute angle corner
5. In combination, a hair roller and a clip for secur
ing said roller in the hair of a user; said hair roller com
providing a slip inhibiting ?nger grip.
prising a generally elongated hollow body having a rela
tively thin wall and adapted to having a tress of hair
wound about the periphery thereof; said clip comprising
45
?rst and second elongated members, said ?rst member
comprising a short end Wall having a pair of integral arms
extending outwardly in the same direction from opposite
edges thereof to provide a bight area between said arms
and adjacent said end wall, one of said arms being rela 50
tively short, the other of said arms being of greater length
than said relatively short ‘arm and providing a ?nger grip
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,690,937
2,459,452
2,638,908
2,898,922
2,979,060
Larm ________________ .._ Nov. 6,
Reiner et al ___________ __ Jan. 18,
Schildt ______________ __ May 19,
Lyman ______________ __ Aug. '11,
Reiner ______________ __ Apr. 11,
1928
1949
1953
1959
1961
FOREIGN PATENTS
856,555
lFrance ______________ __ Mar. 23, 1940
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
591 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа